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Full text of "The New England historical and genealogical register"



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*fX8U*?C. IDAHO 



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the 



N E W - E N G L A N D 



ijisiorical antr (genealogical Begistct. 



PUBLISHED QUARTERLY, UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 



Xcto^Hnfllantr historic, Genealogical Soetetj). 



FOR THE YEAR 1876. 



VOLUME XXX. 




BOSTON: 
PUBLISHED AT HIK SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

Pkinii.d n y David Claim' & Son. 

18 7 6. 



Commits on DnMitata, 

18 76. 

ALBERT H. HOYT, LUCIUS R. PAIGE, 

JOHN WARD DEAN, H. H. EDES, 

WILLIAM B. TOWNE,* JEREMIAH COLBURN. 



lEUttor, 
JOHN WARD DEAN. 



* Mr. Towne died April 10, 1876. 



IU* ^ 



THE 



NEW-ENGLAND 



- Historical and Genealogical 



REGISTER. 



N° CXVII. 

VOL. XXX. — JANUARY, 1876. 



IN MEMORIAM MAJORUM. 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 
NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 



P, S T O N : 

THE SOCIETY'S BOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

DAVID CLAFP &c SON, DRINTERS. 
t Washington St. 



,. 



/ 



TEEMS $3 A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. 

^ ■ -y—ft 



COMMITTEE ON PUBLICATION. 



Albert II. I loi i, 
Jitn.N Ward Dean, 
William B. Towns, 



Lucn B lv. PaIGB, 
U. II. EUF.8, 

JEREMIAH COLBI 1:n. 



I. 

II. 

III. 

IV. 
V. 

VI. 

VII. 

VIII. 

IX. 

X. 

XI. 

XII. 
XIII. 
XIV. 

XV. 

XVI. 
XVII. 

XVIII. 
XIX. 

XX. 
XXI. 

XXII. 



XXIII. 



XXIV. 



CONTENTS— JANUARY, 1876. 

V* Illustration: Portrait of W I I.LI AM ALFRED BUCKINGHAM. 

Mi moiu or Tin: Hon. Wm. A. BUCKINGHAM, LL.D. By Noah Porter, D.D., LL.D. 9 

LBTTBB or WILLI LM Penn, 1683. Com. by George B. Chase, A.M. . . . 16" 

Papers RELATING TO THE Ac.VDIANS 17 

Letters of Edward IlANimi i'ii. 168.5. Coin, by Walter Lloyd Jeffries, A.B. . 20 

Portraits and Btsts in Possession of the Amerk \n Antiquarian Society 

AND OTHER Associations in WORCESTER. Coin, by Xathoniel Paine . . 22 

The Reverend Josse Glover 26 

Descendants of Benjvmin Hammond By Philip Battell, A.M. ... 28 

Descendants of Philip and John Langdon. By Arthur M. Alger . . . 33 

Ancient Wills — Mary Newmarch. Coin, by X. J. Herrick .... 37 

Passengers to America 39 

A few Words Additional relative to Col. John May and his Journeys to 

the Ohio Country. By the Rev. Richard S. Edes 43 

Early Settlers of West Springfield. Com. by Lyman H. Bagg ... 50 

Births, Marriages and Deaths in Dartmouth. Com. by James B. Congdon . 56 

A Letter of Col Ethan Allen. Com. by the Rev. C. R Batchelder ... 58 

Church Records of the Rev. Hugh Adams oe Durham, N. H. Com. by the 

Hon. Samuel C. Adams 59 

The Furness Pedigree. Com. by Mrs. Caroline H. Ball 63 

Instructions for Emigrants from Essex County, Mass., to South Carolina, 

1697. Com. by Henry F. Waters , 64 

The Willoughby Family of New-England. By Isaac J. Greenwood, A. .M. . 67 

Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in the County of Suffolk. Com. by 

William B. Trash 78 

Letters from the Gerrish Manuscripts. Com. *>y Mrs. Isabella James . . 82 

Descendants of Reginald Fo(r)ster. By Edward J. Forster, M.D. . . 83 

Notes and Queries : 

Lient. Low and the Schooner Fame; Dignitaries of Easton : Fhilbrook; Henry 
Blague; Willoughby; To restore faded Writing; Peirce; Talcott Genealogy; 
Wooster; Hayes ; History and Genealogy of the Revolutionary War; Quakers in 
Kittery, 1737; Marriages in 1773; Hawley ; Tinilow's History of Southington, Ct. ; 
Spooner Genealogy; Centenarianism ; Waller; Extract's from the Diary of 
Samuel Lane; Fawne Clements; Morgan; Comer — Dynn; Huguenot Church 
in Boston; Marriage Certificate of Isaac Waldron; Poole and Webber; Jedidi- 
ah Preble; Hall, Langdon, &e. ; Bill of Matthew Allyn; John Hill, 1646; Has- 
kctt; Hayfield, Haltield, Haffell; Cotton; Axtell ; Mrs Abigail Lovcring; Ma- 
ryland — Letters of Jesuit Missionaries 102-112 

Necrology of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society: 

Frederic W. Sawyer, Esq. ; The Hon. Day Otis Kellogg; Capt. Charles A. Ran- 
lctt; John S. Wright, Esq.; The Rev. Thomas De Witt.D.l) : John Oongh 
Nichols, F.S.A. ; Thomas Waterman, Esq.; The Rev. Thomas Smyth, D.D.; 
The Rev. Curtis Cutler; Walter C. Green, Esq.; Amos Otis, Esq.; Joshua 
Green, M.I) 113-126 

Societies and their Proceedings : 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, May .">. .bine 2, Sept. 1 ; Rhode- 
Island Historical Society, Oct. 4, Nov. 9, Nov. 23. Nov. 30; N« «e-London Coun- 



ty Historical Society, Dec. '_' ; Historical Society of Delaware, Dee. 7 



XXV. Notices of Recent Publications 
XXVI. DlATKI 



126-130 
130-138 
139-140 



Oommuni cations for the E&egisteb should be addressed to John Ward Dean, 
is Somerset Street, Boston, 




ClfMuM 




THE 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



JANUARY, 1876. 



MEMOIR OF 
THE HON. WILLIAM A. BUCKINGHAM, LL.D. 

By Noah Porter, D.D., LL.D., President of Yale College, New-Haven, Ct. 

WILLIAM ALFRED BUCKINGHAM was born in Lebanon, 
Connecticut, May 28, 1804. His father Samuel was born in 
Saybrook, and was a descendant in the direct line from the Rev. 
Thomas Buckingham, the minister of Saybrook (1665-1709), one 
of the ten founders of Yale College, and one of the moderators of the 
synod which framed the Saybrook Platform. Thomas was the son 
of Thomas, one of the original members of the New-Haven Colony, 
but soon removed to Milford, where he was one of the " seven pil- 
lars " of the church at its organization. His mother, Joanna Mat- 
son, was born in Lyme, Ct., Jan. 25, 1777, died Dec. 9, 1846. 
The parents began their married life at Saybrook, but soon removed 
to Lebanon, where they died and were buried. William was 
the second of six children, the others being Abigail, born March 
26, 1801, died June 27, 1861; Lucy Ann, born Oct. 25, 1806, 
died Sept. 2, 1853 ; Samuel Matson, born July 12, 1809, died 
Nov. 26, 1810 ; Samuel Giles, born Nov. 18, 1812 ; Israel Matson, 
born Aug. 5, 1816. 

Lebanon is a quiet, pleasant country town, — scarcely a village, — 
eleven miles from Norwich, on the high road to Hartford. Its broad 
and grassy street is bordered by a few farm houses, comfortable and 
neat rather than elegant, which are distributed at convenient dis- 
tances for the uses of the more than usually comfortable farmers 
who own them. Near the meeting-house are a few dwellings a 
little more distinguished, as the former residences of the Governors 
Trumbull, with the "store" which during and ever since the war 
of the revolution has been dignified by the name of the " Old War 
Office." Lebanon had been for nearly fifty-four years — from De- 
cember, 1722, to February, 1776 — trained and honored by the 
vol. xxx. 1 



10 Memoir of William A, Buckingham, [Jan. 

ministry of Solomon Williams, D.D., brother of Elisha Williams, 
Rector of Yale College, and himself a leader among the Connecti- 
cut divines. Here was born in 1710, the first Jonathan Trumbull, 
who graduated at Harvard College in 1727, and was chosen gover- 
nor of Connecticut annually from 1769 to 1783 — which office he re- 
signed after fifty years of public service. His son Jonathan, born 
at Lebanon, graduated at Harvard College 1759, was paymaster to 
the army, 1776—1778; secretary and aid to Washington, 1780— 
1783 ; in 1789, member of congress ; in 1791, speaker of the lower 
house; in 1794, senator; and from 1798 to 1809, governor of 
Connecticut. An academy also graced the village green, and had 
been sustained for many years with more or less regularity. 

Here were all the conditions for the training of a character like 
that of Senator Buckingham. A small population all known to one 
another ; nearly enough upon a level to be animated by a common 
sympathy, and yet sufficiently varied in position and culture to be 
able to give without condescension, and to receive without servility ; 
all devout in their habits, and worshiping with simple rites in the 
one church which their fathers had planted ; all laboring for a live- 
lihood, and therefore industrious in habits and simple in manners ; 
all believing in intelligence and courtesy as only inferior to godli- 
ness. No thoughtful youth could live in such a community with- 
out special incitements to public spirit and the love of country. 
The traditions of the old war office would stir the heart of any aspir- 
ing boy who saw with his own eyes the marks of the spurs left by 
orderlies and aides de camp as they sat waiting for despatches, and 
listened with bated breath to the stories of the revolution which fell 
from the lips of all the elders of the town, and heard them describe, 
as they had seen, the persons of Washington, Lafayette, Knox, and 
Rochambeau. Nor could such a boy stand before the Trumbull 
tomb in the old burying ground, where was garnered the sacred 
dust of the two governors, of Joseph the first commissary-general 
of the United States, of David a deputy commissary in the war of 
the revolution, and of William Williams one of the signers of the 
Declaration of Independence, without imbibing some of that patri- 
otism. Living from his earliest years under such influences, the dig- 
nity of a life of public duty and of sacrifice for God and country could 
not but be impressed upon a nature so sensitive and high-minded 
as was that of young Buckingham. Most influential of all was the 
atmosphere of his own home, over which the grave but gentle father 
presided with unpretending dignity, and which was pervaded by the 
cheerful sunlight of an active and loving mother, whose ministries of 
love and blessing filled the whole community. Besides the educa- 
tion of his home, with its lessons of industry and duty, of self- 
sacrifice and courtesy, and the education of the community with 
its patriotic memories and pride, Mr. Buckingham had the best ad- 
vantages of the public schools and academy at Lebanon, and of the 



1876.] Memoir of William A, Buckingham, 11 

Bacon Academy at Colchester, which at that time was much resort- 
ed to. One of his schoolmates at Colchester, from a distant part 
of the state, has described him as being in his youth what he was 
in manhood, singularly manly, earnest, noble, and attractive. He 
labored upon the farm with a willing heart and with strong hands. He 
taught a district school at Lyme a single winter, when eighteen years 
old, with great success. When twenty years of age he entered a 
dry-goods house in Norwich as clerk. After two years' experience 
there and a few months in a wholesale house in New-York, he open- 
ed a dry-goods store in Norwich. In 1830 he engaged in the man- 
ufacture of ingrain carpets, which he continued for eighteen years. 
In 1848 he relinquished both these occupations and embarked in the 
manufacture of India-rubber goods, and was made the treasurer and 
an active director in the Hayward Rubber Company. Subsequently 
he became interested in several important manufacturing enterprises. 
As a man of business he was distinguished for industry, integrity, 
and promptness. He uniformly fulfilled his engagements, and his 
credit was unquestioned for any sum which he required for himself 
or for his country. 

In 1830, September 27, he was married to Miss Eliza Eipley 
(daughter of Dr. Dwight Ripley, of Norwich, Ct.) , who was eminent- 
ly fitted to make his life cheerful and public spirited, and whose hos- 
pitality was as cordial and liberal as his own. Mrs. Buckingham 
died April 19, 1868, leaving his home and heart desolate. His 
only son, William Ripley, died in early childhood, and his surviving 
daughter, Eliza Coit, born Dec. 7, 1838, was married August 28, 
1862, to William A. Aiken, who served upon his staff as quarter- 
master general during the war, and since his marriage has made his 
home in Norwich. 

In 1830 he became a communicant in the second Congregational 
Church, and was prominent in the organization of a new church in 
1842, of which he was a deacon and a conspicuous and most zeal- 
ous friend and benefactor. He was a Sunday-School teacher for 
the last thirty-seven years of his life, excepting four years during 
the war. He was principal chairman of the National Congregational 
Council in Boston in 1865. He was always in public and private 
pronounced in the avowal of his christian faith, and always fervent 
and decided in the expression of christian feeling. The prayers 
which hallowed his home and edified many christian assemblies, will 
not soon be forgotten by those who heard them. His christian 
liberality was from the first to the last uniformly generous, cheerful, 
and systematic. He was in principle and in practice a decided 
friend of temperance, and from the beginning to the end of his pub- 
lic life, which was distinguished for lavish and refined hospitality, 
he never deviated, in public or in private, from the letter or the 
spirit of his avowed pledges and principles. His interest in educa- 
tion was intelligent, constant, and most liberal. He was foremost in 



12 Memoir of William A. Buckingham. [Jan. 

all the movements of his fellow citizens for the improvement of the 
public schools ; was active and generous from the first in the endow- 
ment and management of the Norwich Free Academy, and was a 
princely benefactor of Yale College, especially of the Theological 
Department. Some of his most liberal contributions were the spon- 
taneous offerings of his conscientious and willing generosity. He 
was not content with giving himself, but was active in prompting 
others to contribute, and always with refined courtesy. His bene- 
factions were by no means confined to public societies and institu- 
tions. To the poor and unfortunate he was a sympathizing and 
tender-hearted friend, giving with a cheerful heart, with wise discre- 
tion, with a delicate regard to the feelings of those whom he helped, 
and with unfeigned modesty. Before he entered political life, he 
was known as a quiet and modest citizen, unobtrusive in manners 
though firm in principle, rarely if ever participating in public discus- 
sion ; conspicuously intelligent, courteous, and refined, and as con- 
spicuously unobtrusive in the public manifestation of his opinions. 

Though decided in his political sympathies and opinions, and 
though not infrequently solicited to be a candidate for a seat in the leg- 
islature of the state, he consented but once and was defeated. In 1849, 
? 50, '56, and 57, he was Mayor of Norwich. In 1858 *he was elect- 
ed Governor of Connecticut, not so much on the ground of his emi- 
nent political services or any special gifts of statesmanship, as on 
account of the universal confidence which was reposed in his good 
sense, his integrity, his courtesy, and his eminent moral worth. He 
had not been known to the people of the state as a public leader. 
He had been least of all prominent as a manager or leader in any 
party relations, although he had been decided and zealous at home 
in the councils of the republican party from its first organization, 
as he had previously been in the whig party before it. He had never 
had the opportunity of being known to the leading men of the state 
as a speaker in a legislative assembly, or in any other than small 
assemblies of men, and in them only except as they were gathered 
for some philanthropic or religious object. But he was well known 
and thoroughly respected in Norwich and in all the eastern parts of 
the state, as an honest, single-minded, firm-hearted, public-spirited 
christian gentleman, who united in himself a rare combination of 
those qualities which are fitted to command the respect and to win 
the confidence and love of his fellow men. He was elected by 
a small majority, and for eight years was continued in the office till 
he resigned its duties and honors. 

At the time of his election to the office of governor, neither 
he nor his friends anticipated what was before him. Had either 
known or even dimly foreboded, that the office from being little more 
than a place of easy routine and formal administration, would be 
suddenly transformed into a post of the most serious responsibility, 
involving perplexity, toil, and anxiety, both he and his friends would 



1876.] Memoir of William A. .Buckingham, 13 

have hesitated in thinking that he was the fittest man to fill the place 
and to fill it so long. No one would have dared to predict that he 
would meet all its responsibilities with such distinguished success. 
But in the review it may be confidently affirmed, that from the time 
when the first mutterings of war were heard to the moment when 
they died into silence, no citizen of the state was ever thought of as 
in any respect superior to or comparable with the noble " war gov- 
ernor" who represented the state of Connecticut. Whether his 
relations are considered to the executive of the United States, to 
the governors of the other states, to the party in Connecticut oppos- 
ed to the war, to the soldiers and officers from Connecticut, to the 
men who were recruited or drafted, who were sick or in prison, to 
the banks and men of business all over the country, to the Ameri- 
can people as far as they knew of him, his fitness for his place was 
unquestioned. Whether on horseback at an election parade or in a 
public reception, whether reading his own messages or speaking at 
a sudden call, often under very trying circumstances, whether writ- 
ing stirring letters to President Lincoln, or addressing regiment 
after regiment as each was hurried away to the field, whether confer- 
ring with his staff or trusted friends in sudden exigencies, he was 
always heroic,* patient, self-controlled and courteous. He met the 
demands of every public occasion with dignity and self-possession. 
At the time when he was elected he had been little accustomed to 
public speaking or to writing anything more than letters of busi- 
ness. Though familiar with political topics, he had not been trained 
to write or speak of them in public, because the necessity of defend- 
ing and enforcing his political opinions had never been imposed upon 
him. 

His friends could never doubt that he would successfully meet all 
the practical demands of his office, while they might reasonably 
question whether he would meet its intellectual requisitions with any 
special Mat. It was interesting to see how quickly he came up to 
the requirements of his position in these respects ; how well from 
the first he wrote and spoke on the many occasions in which he was 
called upon. It was still more interesting to notice, when the coun- 
try was first aroused to defend its life, how clearly his mind was en- 
larged and his heart glowed with patriotic feeling, and how nobly he 
spake and wrote. His messages and correspondence were not only 
important documents in the history of the war, but they reflect the 
highest honor on the mind and head of their author. His own clear 
and practical intellect discerned earlier than many practised statesmen 
what the issues were, and how stern and lasting the struggle would 
be. His decisive and ringing words bespoke serious and painful fore- 
bodings on the one hand, but they breathed only courage and tri- 
umph on the other. He wrote and spoke as a prophet, because he wrote 
and spoke from those firm convictions which were inspired by his 
faith in the right, and in the God who had defended the right in the 
vol. xxx. 1* 



14 Memoir of William A. Buckingham, [Jan. 

past find could not desert it in the present. The people of Connec- 
ticut believed in him, because they recognized in his measured yet 
fervent words, and read in his consistent character and acts, their own 
strong convictions and their unshaken purposes. Whatever might 
have been thought of single acts of his, no Connecticut man who 
believed in the war failed to believe in Governor Buckingham. He 
reflected so perfectly the wishes and resolves of his fellow citi- 
zens that they did not hesitate to accept him as their leader. In 
multitudes of households his portrait was conspicuously displayed, 
and his name is still pronounced with love and honor. The services 
rendered by him to Connecticut and to the Union were also self-sacri- 
ficing and laborious. His private business was to a great extent 
transferred to others. His days and nights were spent in unremitted 
labor. His mind was oppressed by public care and his heart was 
tried by ready sympathy. While it was true that he had grown in 
intellect and character under the noble opportunities to which he so 
nobly responded, it was also true that he had given to others the best 
strength and the best days of his life. It was not surprising that after 
he resigned his office in 1866, he was elected in May, 1868, to fill 
the first vacancy which occurred in the Senate of the United States. 
In this office he continued till his death, which occurred one month 
before his term expired. As a senator he was dignified, courte- 
ous and conscientious, and won the respect and affection of men 
of all parties. In debate he was always clear, pointed and brief. 

He comprehended with great clearness the political and finan- 
cial difficulties incident to the processes of reconstruction, and he 
endeavored to meet these difficulties with entire fidelity to his con- 
victions. No man ever doubted his honesty or his uprightness dur- 
ing the years of experiment and doubt in which he filled his high 
position. If it is premature to pronounce upon the wisdom of every 
measure which he supported or of every individual action which he 
performed while a senator, it is not premature to assert that he re- 
tained his personal and his political integrity from the beginning to 
the end. His home in Washington was elegant and hospitable, and 
it was hallowed by domestic worship ; and in his public duties he 
never overlooked or lightly esteemed his duties to God or to his own 
christian profession. In the summer preceding his death he showed 
symptoms of debility. These increased as the winter came on. In 
the anticipation that his life might soon be terminated, he was en- 
tirely serene, and on the night of February 4, 1875, he died. 

The solemnities of his funeral will not soon be forgotten by any 
one who was present. Though the day was exceptionally inclement, 
the city of Norwich was in sorrow for the honored citizen who was at 
once the pride and the idol of its entire population. The streets and 
public buildings were arrayed in mourning. Crowds of sincere 
mourners streamed to the house in which his remains were lying, the 
house to which many had resorted for counsel, sympathy and assist- 



1876.] Letter of William Penn. 15 

ance, and from which no man ever failed to receive what he had a 
right to ask. The public services were conducted by clergymen of 
different denominations, and were singularly impressive and elevat- 
ing. Gentlemen from all parts of the state were present, with a 
deputation of senators from Washington. The demonstrations of 
love and honor were unaffected and earnest from all parts of the 
country. The usual manifestations of public respect were paid in 
the Senate of the United States to the memory of its distinguished 
member, and an able and eloquent eulogy was pronounced by his 
colleague from Connecticut, the Hon. Orris S. Ferry. 

Senator Buckingham was especially remarkable for the symme- 
try of his constitution and character. In person, in bearing, in 
manners, in disposition, in intellect, in industry, in patience, in re- 
served energy, in the knowledge of affairs, in an affectionate and 
sympathizing nature, in scrupulous conscientiousness, in fervent 
and enlightened religious feeling, he was harmoniously endowed and 
moulded into a rare example of human perfection. In his own 
home this example shone most brightly. To his relatives he was 
generous and true. To his friends he was frank and open-hearted. 
To the poor and friendless he was ever sympathizing and helpful. 
To his fellow citizens he was the soul of probity and honor. To 
the community he was eminently public-spirited and generous. To 
the state and the country he gave all that he was and all that he 
could perform. To God he gave a filial and trusting heart and 
an obedient and conscientious life, in which he followed his Great 
Master in meek and humble discipleship. 

The writer of this sketch knew Senator Buckingham from before 
the beginning of his public career to the end of his life, and had 
frequent opportunities to judge of him in almost every one of the 
relations which have been named. After abating all that might be 
required from the partialities of personal friendship, he can honestly 
give his testimony that a conscientious sincerity and a graceful sym- 
metry gave the strength and beauty to a character which other 
generations may reasonably hold in the highest honor. 



LETTER OF WILLIAM PENN FROM PHILADELPHIA IN 
1683 TO JOHN AUBREY, THE ANTIQUARY. 

Communicated by George B. Chase, A.M., of Boston. 

THE following letter from Penn to Aubrey has been copied for 
me from the second volume of Aubrey's Letters in the Bodleian 
Library, Oxford, England, by the kind permission of the librarian, 
Dr. H. O. Coxe. I think it has never been printed. When this 
letter was written, Philadelphia, which William Penn, its writer, 
founded, was in its infancy ; and he, himself, had been in America 



16 Letter of William Penn. [Jan. 

less than eight months, having landed at Newcastle on the 24th of 
October, 1682. It was not till two months later, August 16, 1683, 
that his letter to the committee of the Free Society of Traders of 
Pennsylvania residing in London, giving interesting facts in the 
early history of Pennsylvania, of a like character, 1 was written. A 
good account of Aubrey will be found in Allibone's " Dictionary of 
Authors." The meetings of the Royal Society were, in 1683, held 
at Gresham College, Bishopsgate Street, London. 

Esteemed Friend 

I value rayselfe much upoD y e good opinion of those Ingeneous 
Gentlemen I know of y e Royall Society, and their kind wishes for me and 
my poor Province : all I can say is That I & It are votarys to y c prosperity 
of their harmeless and usefull inquierys. It is even one Step to Heaven to 
returne to nature, and Though I Love that proportion should be observed 
in all things, yett a naturall Knowledge, or y e Science of things from Sence 
and a carefull observation and argumentation thereon, reinstates men, and 
gives them some possession of themselues againe ; a thing they have long 
wanted by an ill Tradition, too closely followed and y e foolish Credulity So 
Incident to men. I am a Greshamist throughout ; I Love — Inquiry, not 
for (inquiry's sake, but care not to trust) my Share in either world to other 
mens, Judgme ts , at Least without having a finger in y e Pye for myself; yet 
I Love That Inquiry should be modest and peaceable ; virtues, that have 
Strong charmes upon y e wiser and honester part of y e mistaken world. 
Pray give them my Sinceer respects, and in my behalfe Sollicite y e con- 
tinuation of their friendship to my undertaking, we are y e wonder of our 
neighbours as in our coming and numbers, so to our selves in o r health, 
Subsistance and Success : all goes well, blessed be God, and provision we 
Shall have to Spare, considerably, in a year or Two, unless very great 
quantitys of People croud upon us. The skies heat and Cold Resemble y e 
heart of France : y e Soyle good, y e Springs many & delightfull : y e fruits 
roots corne and flesh, as good as I have comonly eaten in Europe, I may 
Say of most of them better. Strawberry's ripe in y e woods in Aprill, and 
in y e Last Month, Peas, beans, Cherrys & mulberrys. Much blackwalnutt, 
Chesnutt, Cyprus, or white Cedar and mulberry are here. The Sorts of 
fish in these parts are excellent and numerous. Sturgeon leap day and 
night that we can hear them a bow Shot from y e Rivers in our beds, we 
have Roasted and pickeled them, and they eat like veal one way, and Stur- 
geon y e other way. Mineral hore is great Store, I shall send Some Sod- 
dainly for Tryall. Vines are here in Abundance every where, Some may 
be as bigg in the body as a mans Thigh. I have begun a Vineyard by a 
French man of Languedock and another of Poicteu, near Santonge. severall 
people from other Colonys are retireing hither, as Virginia, Mary Land, 
New England, Road Island, New York &c : I make it my business to Estab- 
lish virtuous Economy and therefore Sett twice in Councell every week 
with good Success, I thank god. My Reception was with all y c show of 
Kindness y e rude State of y e Country could yeild ; and after holding Two 
Genrll Assembly s, I am not uneasy to y e People. They to express their 
Love and gratitude gave me an Impost that might be worth 500/. per an, 

1 This Letter is printed in Proud's History of Pennsylvania, vol. i. pp. 246-64. See also 
a valuable Letter of Robert Turner, from 'Philadelphia, August 6, 1685, in the Registek, 
vol. xiii. pp. 223-4. 



1876. j Papers relating to the Acadians. 17 

and I returned it to Them with as much Creditt. This is our p r sent posture. 
I am Debtor to thy Kindness for Two Letters wether this be pay or no, or 
but wampum against Sterl: mettle, pray miss not to Continue to yeild that 
Content And Liberality to Thy very True Friend 

Wm. Penn 
Philadelphia | 13 th of y e 4 th Month | called June | 1683 

Particularly, pray give my Respects to S r W m Petty, my friend Hook, 
Wood, Lodwick and D r . Bernard Though unknowne, whose skill is a great 
Complem 4 Vale 

[On the back] W. Penn's l're 

[Addressed] For my esteem'd | Fr d John Auberry | at Gresham | 
Colledge 



PAPERS RELATING TO THE ACADIANS. 

THE documents printed below, numbered I. , II. and III. , are copied 
from the Hancock Manuscripts, presented to the New-Eng- 
land Historic, Genealogical Society by Charles L. Hancock, Esq., 
of Boston. That numbered IV., namely a letter from Gen. Jedi- 
diah Preble dated April 24, 1756, which was probably addressed to 
William Shirley, governor of Massachusetts, is contributed by Com- 
modore George Henry Preble, U. S. N., of Philadelphia. The 
original, he informs us, is in the possession of John S. Barnes, Esq., 
of Elizabeth, N. J. 



I. — Letter of Gov. Lawrence to Thomas Hancock. 

Halifax 10 th September 1755. 
Sir 

I am to acknowledge the receit of your favour of the 30 th of August 
with the Letters you was so good as to take out of the Post Office, as also 
your other Letter of the 1 st instant. 

I should certainly have communicated the Destination of the French In- 
habitants before now to your Government, had it not been absolutely neces- 
sary that it should remain a secret (to the Inhabitants at least) as long as 
possible, as His Majesty's Council were apprehensive they might take some 
extraordinary step upon receiving Intelligence of it, which might give the 
Government not a little trouble. In making the Distribution all possible 
regard was had by the Council to make yours as easy as the nature of the 
thing would bear : I believe you will have very few old Men (if any) and 
as for the Children although they should be a little expensive at first, 
you will the easier have it in your power to make them as they grow up 
good Subjects. 

I am greatly obliged to you for your care in sending me what Intelli- 
gence you receive of the Motions of the Armies. I pray God they may 
have the success we desire. I received the Intelligence you make mention 
of about the two meets being at Sea, but I can scarce think the French 
Fleet would Sail for North America so late in the Year. 



18 Papers relating to the Acadians. [Jan. 

I am glad the Expedition Acco ta are in such forwardness, and shall ex- 
pect them soon. You must be reffered to the Companys Letter of this date 
for what relates to the Victualling the Provincial Troops which contains all 
I can Say on that Subject. 

I am Dear Sir 

your most obliged humble 
Servant 
Thomas Hancock Esq. Cha s . Lawrence. 



II. — Letter of Messrs. Apthorps and Hancock to Capt. Thomas Church, and 

Ms Declaration. 

Boston 8 May. 1756 
Capt: Tho 8 : Church 

"We having hired the Schooner Leopard whereof You 
are Master to carry oif the French Inhabitants brot here from Cape Sables 
which this Governme* refuse to take & Gov r Lawrence has recommended 
them to be sent to N. Carolina and deliver'd to his Excell cy Arthur Dobbs 
Esq Governor there : You are therefore to proceed from hence to North 
Carolina and deliver them to the Order of s d Gov r Dobbs delivering him 
inclosed Letter and on producing his Receipt we will pay You Ten shillings 
& eight pence a month p Tun for your Vessell's hire and Three pounds p 
month for a Pilott — to commence from their delivery at North Carolina, 
with a further allowance of [torn] time to return here ; would advise to 
caution to prevent their rising — and recommend your treating them with 
humanity we are 

If Gov r Dobbs should not Your Friends, &c 

receive them, follow his Cha. Apthorp & Son. 

orders for your further proceedings. Thomas Hancock. 

Recorded per R Jennys. 

Boston May 11 th 1756 

These Certifie that in Consequence of the within Orders Rec'd from 
Charles Apthorp & Son & Thomas Hancock Esq 18 having Rec'd Gov r 
Phips's Letter to Gov 1 Dobbs, my Provision on bo d & every thing necessa- 
ry for y e aforementioned Voyage, & having the French Inhabitants on 
board I ordered my people to hall off the Wharff in order to proceed y e 
Voyage within mentioned, upon which there arose a Great Dissention 
among s d French, & they all arose Forc'd their way on shore with their 
Baggage and it was not in my power to proceed the Voyage, as they said 
they would sooner suffer the pains of Death upon the Wharff in Boston 
than be carryed to N. Carolina, but were very Desirous and willing to be 
sent to the Northward, or stay in this Province & work for their Living, 
upon which I Returned the within Orders & the Letter to Gov r Dobbs to 
Thomas Hancock. 

Thomas Church. 
Recorded p R d Jennys. 

Suffolk ss : Boston May the 13 th 1756 

Appeared Thomas Church the Subscriber to the above & 
beforegoing declaration, and made Oath to the truth thereof. 
Before Wm. Stoddard, Just : pacis 



1876.] Palmers relating to the Acadians. 19 

Province of the ) 
Massachusetts Bay. ) I Richard Jennys Notary and Tabellion Publick 

by Royal Authority duly admitted & sworn dwelling & Practising in 
Boston New England Do hereby Certify that William Stoddard is one of 
His Majestys Justices of the Peace for y e County of Suffolk within the 
Province afores d duly Commissioned & sworn and that to his Attes- 
tations (as above) full faith & intire Credit is & ought to be given both 
in Court and without. Witness my Notarial firm & Seal this 13 th day 
of May 1756. 

RiCH dus Jennys, Not : Pub : 

[Not'arial seal. Arms — Erm. a bend cotised gu.l 

1756 



III. — Action of the Massachusetts Council, May 14, 1756. 

At a Council held at the Council Chamber in Boston on Fryday the 
fourteenth of May 1756. 

Mr. Hancock appearing before his Honour and the Board, informed 
that he had prepared a Vessel for the Transportation to North Carolina of 
the French Families last imported into this Province, And that after em- 
barking, they came ashore by Force, and refused to reimbark, he therefore 
desires that he may be enabled to compel them to go on board, Or that 
they may be allowed to remain in the Province, or at least to tarry for 
fourteen days ; And if at the Expiration of the fourteen days it shall be the 
Mind of the Governnr* that they should be sent out of the Province, he will 
then provide a Vessel for their Transportation, without any Charge to the 
Government. 

Advised that the French Families be allowed to remain the Term of 
fourteen days, on the proposed Condition, Provided also that M r Hancock 
will take care for their Support without Expence to the Government. 

Attest Tho 8 Clarke, Dp ty Secry. 



IV. — Letter from Gen. Preble. 

On board the Vulture in Bacarow Passage, 
April 24. 1756. 
Sr 

I have the pleasure to inform your Excellency, that after A tedious 
passage we arived in Port Latore the 21 instant, Landed 167 men, officers 
included, marched overland in the Night, surprized the french people in 
their Beds, have since embarked them on board one of the transports you 
ware pleased to appoint for that purpose, the number and names of which 
I herewith send you enclosed. 

The number of buildings we Burnt ware Forty-four, in the executing of 
which Capt. Scarft contributed everything in his power. 

Nor can I forbare mentioning to your Excellency the kind treatment and 
respect I have received from that gentilman. 

In justice to Capt Rogers I must beg leave to say he has contributed 
everything in his power for the good of the service. 

Should have proceeded to Pugnico, but had advice which I could rely on 
that there was but two families there and could not think it would be for 
the good of his majesties service to carry such A number of Troops whare 
there was no Prospect of doing any considerable service. 



20 Letters of Edward Randolph. 

I have the troops now all irnbarkt and design to sail this Night for New- 
England. 

And am, may it please your Excellency, your Excellencys most obedient 
and much obliged 

Humble Servt. 

Jedidiah Preble. 



LETTERS OF EDWARD RANDOLPH, 1684-1685. 

Communicated by Mr. Walter Lloyd Jeffries, of Boston. 

THESE letters are among a valuable collection of manuscripts, 
recently discovered in Faneuil Hall, partly official and partly 
private, belonging to David Jeffries, of Boston, who held the office 
of Town Treasurer, and was also County Treasurer for some years. 
Among the manuscripts is the following receipt in the autograph of 
Randolph r 1 

Boston Dec. 5 th , 1683; 

Then received of M r . Benjamin Davis of Boston Merc* by vertue of a 
letter of Atturney from M r . Robert Holden late of Carolina Collector of 
his Ma. Customs there bearing date July y e 15 th day 1683 the Sum of thirty 
pounds, New Eng d Money, in part of sixty eight pounds eleven shillings 
six pence three farthings, all N. Eng d Money. I say received by me. 

Ed. Randolph, Coll. 

The private manuscripts have been delivered by the city authorities 
to John Jeffries, M.D., of Boston, grandson of David Jeffries. 



S r . Whitehall Jan 1 * 20 th , 84. 

I have not yet seen Mr Armitage, as yet being very busy at Whitehall : 
& am preparing for my voyage & bringing over with me a very good wife who 
will supply the loss of the former to all her friends. I question not but you 
abound in News. S r I must confess we hear abundance relating to N. 
Eng d but the Greatest part fictitious, you may know that his Ma ty has 
Judgm*. against y r Chartr by default: & Coll Kerk is made your Gou r . 
Some progress is made & his Commission & Instructions & [are ?] prepar- 
ing. & such of your Lawes as relate to y e publick benefitt will be preserved 
& all others of none effect : who are so blind as those who will not see. but 

1 The editor of the Register is indebted to Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., of Boston, for the 
following notice of Mr. Randolph : 

Edward Randolph, the writer of these letters, is too well known among students of Amer- 
ican colonial history to need any introduction in this place. The memorable part which he 
took in the overthrow of the first New-England Charters, and in the establishment of Epis- 
copacy in the heart of the Puritan settlements, makes his name conspicuous in the history 
of that period. Considering his agency in these matters, and in others of hardly less his- 
toric interest, it is strange we know so' little of his personal history. That he was of an 
ancient Kentish family, living in the archiepiscopal city of Canterbury, I have recently 
made certain. He had two wives, and several daughters; but had no male issue. Sir 
Egerton Brydges (ante, xxix. 236) is mistaken in making him the ancestor of the Virginia 
Randolphs. I have already collected some materials for a biography of Edward Randolph ; 
and, as soon as I can find leisure, hope to complete the undertaking of writing an account 
of him. 



1876.] Letters of Edward Randolph. 21 

the Eyes of your Magistrates are blinded as the Aramites were who could 
not See till they were in y e midst of Samaria ; M r Cranfeild has repealed 
his letter of Attorney given me. & his Gov*, will expire upon Gou r Kerks 
arrival ; then M r Vaughan & your brother Waldern may bring their Actions 
against him for false imprisonm c & recouer Great damages : you may depend 
upon hauing liberty of Conscience. & my kindnes to your Country has made 
me not well thought of some how : my wife desires me to give your wife her 
hearty respects. & assures her she will be in all acts of friendship very 
ready to serve her & M" Betty. I have no account of your receit of what 
I sent you. they came all by M r Stoddar & I hope you have long since re- 
ceived all those things you gave me in charge. I have not further to- add 
only that I am S r Your most obliged 

To M r Jo : Usher : friend Ed. Randolph: 

Indorsed, "Edward Randolph 20 Janu 1684" [i. e. 1684-5]. Direction 
torn off. 

S r . I wrote you about 14 dayes ago since which by my daughters letters 
I find you have accomodated them with money for their present occasions :. 
now that it has pleased god to take away his late Ma tie : all things here are 
in great peace & order & his present Ma tie will act with all tenderness to> 
peoples libertyes & proprietyes. I thank you for taking care of my Com- 
mission : I have that restored here & y e Office of Secretary & Register of 
your Country which will some what countervail the Charge I have been 
at: I have money to receive which his late Ma tie ordered me not above 14 
dayes before his death : I will take care at my Coming over to see all ac- 
counts evened which is only that of gratitude for all your favors : It was 
reported since his Ma tie being proclaimed that Coll Kerk did not come to 
your parts : but I heare now that he is to be your Gou r : the King will 
heare ail Complaints ag* his Gou rs . & if Mr Vaughan whom (for your sake) 
I carried to y e E : of Clarendon : would have taken my assistance I would 
haue obtained satisfaction for him ag* Gou r Cranfeild and also ag* y e french 
for their ketches and mens tyme and Costs : I now think of your Colony 
but with great grief to think they should be so vnhappy as to force a ruine 
upon themselves : I cannot see how you. can avoid it, vnlesse they take the op- 
portunity and by y e next ship addresse to his Ma tii5 and beg his Royall pardon : 
with a confirmation of your libertyes Sacred and Ciuill : but I know your 
people cannot think of Submission : and therefor they are broken because 
they will not bend : pray be kind to my landlord Harrison who has my poor 
Bro Gyls Son : I giue you my hearty respects and am your obliged friend 
and humble Serv* 

Mr Jo: -Usher Ed. Randolph 

ffeb:ii: 1684. 

The following was on the outside of the letter : " Its probable you may, 
haue another Gen* for your Gou r than yet named 
Tyme will order all things " 

Address. " To Mr John Usher Mer* in Boston" Indorsed, « Edward 
Randolph 11 th ffebu 1684" [i. e. 1684-5]. 



VOL. XXX. 



22 Portraits and Busts. [Jan. 



PORTRAITS AND BUSTS IN POSSESSION OF THE AMERI- 
CAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY, AND OF OTHER 
ASSOCIATIONS IN WORCESTER, MASS. 

Communicated by Nathaniel Paine, Esq., of "Worcester. 
American Antiquarian Society. 

Portraits. 

1. Isaiah Thomas, LL.D., founder and first president of the American 
Antiquarian Society, author of " The History of Printing," &c. Born Jan. 
19, 1749, O. S. ; died April 4, 1831. Painted from life by E. A. Green- 
wood. 

2. Thomas Lindall Winthrop, LL.D., second president of the An- 
tiquarian Society, and Lieut. Governor of Massachusetts, 1826-32. Born 
in New-London, Conn., March 6, 1760 ; died Feb. 22, 1841. Painted by 
Thomas Sully. 

3. John Davis, LL.D., fourth president of the Antiquarian Society, 
and Governor of Massachusetts, 1833-35, and 1840-41. Born in North- 
boro', Mass., Jan. 13, 1787 ; died April 19, 1854. Painted by E. T. 
Billings, from a daguerreotype. 

4. Rev. Increase Mather, D.D., president of Harvard College 
1685-1701. Born in Dorchester, Mass., June 21, 1639; died Aug. 23, 
1723. Painted from life. This and the four following were presented to 
the Society by Mrs. Hannah Mather Crocker, of Boston. 

5. Rev. Cotton Mather, D.D., minister in Boston, 1684. Born Feb. 
12, 1663 ; died Feb. 13, 1728. Painted by Pelham. 

6. Rev. Richard Mather, minister in Dorchester, Mass., 1636-69. 
Born in England, 1596; died in Dorchester, April 22, 1669. Painted 
from life. 

7. Rev. Samuel Mather, D.D., son of Cotton Mather. Born Oct. 30, 
1706 ; died June 27, 1785. Painted from life. 

8. Rev. Samuel Mather, son of Richard Mather. Born in England, 
May 13, 1626 ; died in Dublin, Ireland, Oct. 29, 1671. 

9. John Endecott, first Governor of Massachusetts Bay. Born in 
Dorchester, England, 1588; died March 15, 1665. Painted from an 
original, by Southland, of Salem, Mass. Presented to the Society by 
Judge William Endicott, of Salem. A memorial of Gov. Endecott was 
presented at a meeting of the Antiquarian Society, October, 1874, by 
Stephen Salisbury, LL.D. There is also a smaller portrait -of Endecott, 
poorly executed and very old, probably painted from the original. 

10. John Winthrop, second Governor of Massachusetts, 1629-33. 
Born in Groton, co. Suffolk, England, Jan. 12, 1588; died March 26, 1649. 
Painted from life. 

11. Rev. William Bentley, D.D., minister in Salem, 1783. Coun- 
cillor of the Antiquarian Society from 1812 to 1820. Born in Boston, June 
22, 1759 ; died in Salem, Dec. 29, 1819. 

12. Rev. Aaron Bancroft, D.D., minister in Worcester, Mass., 1786 
-1839. Vice-president of the Antiquarian Society, 1816-31. Born in 
Reading, Mass., Nov. 10, 1755 ; died in Worcester, Aug. 19, 1839. Paint- 
ed by Chester Harding. 



1876.] Portraits and Busts. 23 

13. Christopher Columbus Baldwin, Librarian of the Antiquarian 
Society, 1827-30. Born Aug. 1, 1800 ; died Aug. 20, 1835. Painted by 
Harding. 

14. Edward D. Bangs, Secretary of State, Mass., 1825-36. Born in 
Worcester, Mass., Aug. 22, 1790 ; died in Worcester, April 3, 1838. 

15. William Burnet, Colonial Governor of New-York and New- 
Jersey, 1720; of Massachusetts and New- Hampshire, 1728. Born 1688; 
died in Boston, Sept. 7, 1729. 

16. Rev. Thomas Prince, minister of Old South Church, Boston, 
1718-58. Born in Sandwich, Mass., May 15, 1687; died in Boston, 
Oct. 22, 1758. 

17. Rev. Ellis Gray, minister of the New Brick Church in Boston. 
Born 1717; died 1753. 

18. Charles Paxton, loyalist, Commissioner of the Customs at 
Boston. Born 1704; died in England, 1788. Supposed to have been 
painted by Copley. 

19. John Rogers, said to be a portrait of the Martyr, or, if not of 
him, of a John Rogers his cousin. 

20. John Chandler, " the honest refugee," Sheriff, Judge of Probate 
and Treasurer for the County of Worcester. Born in New-London, Conn., 
1720 ; died in London, Eng., 1800. 

21. John May, of Boston, in his uniform as Colonel of the " Boston 
Regiment of Militia." Born in Pomfret, Conn., Nov. 24,1748; died in 
Boston, July 13, 1812. Painted by Gullag. Presented by Mary D. and C. 
Augusta May. 

22. Hannah Adams, author of History of New-England, &c. Born 
in Medfield, Mass., 1755 ; died in Brookline, Mass., Nov. 15, 1831. Paint- 
ed by Alexander. Presented by Henry W. Miller. 

23. Edward Rawson, Secretary of Mass. Colony, 1650-86. Born in 
Gillingham, Dorset, Eng., April 16, 1615 ; died in Boston, Aug. 27, 1693. 

24. Rebecca Rawson, daughter of Secretary Rawson. Born in 
Boston, May, 1656 ; died at Port Royal, Jamaica, June 9, 1692. 

25. Robert B. Thomas, editor of the "Old Farmer's Almanac." Born 
1766; died in West Boylston, Mass., May 19, 1846. Full length portrait, 
by a local artist. 

26. John Leverett, Governor of Massachusetts, 1673-78. Born 
1617; died March 16, 1679. 

27. Columbus. A copy from an original by Francesco Mazzuoli (Par- 
migianino), in the Royal Museum at Naples. Painted by Antonio Scardino. 
Presented by Hon. Ira M. Barton. 

28. Vespucius. From an original by Parmigianino, at Naples — Scar- 
dino. Presented by Hon. Ira M. Barton. 

29. John Davis, Governor of Massachusetts. Crayon portrait, life 
size. 

30. James Sullivan, Governor of Massachusetts. Portrait in wax. 

31. Pius VII. Engraved by Raphael Morghen. 

32. Columbus, full length engraved portrait. 

33. Higginson. This is an old portrait, originally presented to the So- 
ety as that of Rev. Francis Higginson, minister in Salem 1629, but it is 
now considered to be of some other member of the family, perhaps of his 
son Rev. John Higginson. 

There are also the rare engraved portraits of the four kings of Canada : 



24 Portraits and Busts. [Jan. 

1. Tee-Yee-Neen-Ho-Ga-Rron, Emperor of the Six Nations. 2. Sa-Ga- 
Yeath-Qua-Pieth-Ton, King of the Naguas. 3. Eton-Oh-Koam, King of 
the River Nation. 4. Ho-Nee-Yeath-Tan-No-Rron, King of the Gene- 
rethgarich. 

In addition to the engraved portraits above named, there are upwards of 
one hundred, of eminent men of ancient and modern times, many of which 
are quite rare. There are also a few original engravings by William Ho- 
garth, and several lithographs, photographs, &c, of interest in the hall and 
ante-rooms of the Society. 

Statues and Busts. 

1. Statue of Christ, in plaster, from the original by Michael Angelo in 
the Church of Sta. Maria Sopra Minerva at Rome. Presented to the An- 
tiquarian Society by the Hon. Stephen Salisbury. 

2. Statue of Moses, from Michael Angelo's colossal statue in the 
Church of S. Pietro in Vincolo at Rome. Presented by the Hon. S. Sal- 
isbury. The remarks of the donor in presenting the statues have been 
published in the Proceedings of the Society, 1859-1861. 

3. Isaiah Thomas, LL.D., publisher of the Massachusetts Spy, &c. 
Bust in marble, by B. H. Kinney. 

4. Jared Sparks, LL.D. A fine bust in plaster, by Hiram Powers. 
Presented by Mrs. Sparks. 

5. Gov. John Davis, of Massachusetts. Bust in plaster. By Henry 
Dexter. 

6. George Washington. Bust in marble. This and the following 
one were presented by Mrs. Ira M. Barton. 

7. Benjamin Franklin. Bust in marble. 

8. John Adams, second President of the U. States. Bust in plaster. 

9. Alexander Hamilton. Bust in plaster, from the original by Jos. 
Ceracchi. 

10. Andrew Jackson. Bust in plaster. 

11. Henry Clay. Bust in plaster, by Clevenger. 

12. Daniel Webster. Bust by Clevenger. 

13. Voltaire and Racine. Plaster busts, presented by Hon. Benja- 
min F. Thomas. 

14. Catherine II., Empress of Russia, and Prince Potemkin, a Rus- 
sian statesman and soldier. 

15. John Winthrop, Governor of Massachusetts. Small bust in 
wood. 

16. Rev. James Walker, D.D., President of Harvard University. 
Small bust in plaster, by J. C. King. 

17. Baron Pietro Ercole Visconti, of Rome, antiquary, &c. Small 
bust in plaster. 

18. Medallion in plaster, life size, of Gov. John Davis. 

Worcester County Mechanics' Association. 

In the possession of this Association are the following portraits in oil : 

1. George Washington. Full length portrait from the original by 
Stuart in Faneuil Hall, Boston. Painted by Thomas Badger. Presented 
by Ichabod Washburn and Stephen Salisbury. 

2. Abraham Lincoln, President of the U. S. A full length portrait 
by E. T. Billings. Presented by friends of the Association, as were the 
two following portraits. 



1876.] Portraits and, Busts. 25 

3. John A. Andrew, Gov. of Massachusetts. Painted by E. T. Billings. 

4. William Lloyd Garrison, reformer. By E. T. Billings. 

5. Ichabod Washburn, president and benefactor of the Mechanics' 
Association. Painted by Wight. 

6. George H. Ward, Colonel of the 15th Mass. Regiment, killed at 
the battle of Gettysburg. Painted by E. T. Billings. Presented by 15th 
Mass. Regiment Association. 

7. James B. Blake, Mayor of the City of Worcester. Presented by 
citizens of Worcester. Painted by W. H. Willard. 

8. Washington. A portrait from Stuart's in the Boston Athenseum. 
Painted by Eliza M. Judkins. 

The Mechanics' Association also have busts of Ichabod Washburn, in 
marble, and William A. Wheeler, in plaster, former presidents. B. H. 
Kinney, artist. 

Other Societies or Institutions in Worcester. 

Samuel B. Woodward, M.D., Superintendent of the State Lunatic 
Asylum. Painted by Frothingham. 

George Chandler, M.D., Superintendent of the State Lunatic Asylum. 
Painted by Wight. 

Samuel B. Woodward, M.D. A fine bust in marble, by J. C. King. 

The three last named are in the office of the Superintendent at the 
Lunatic Asylum. 

Charles Devens, Jr., Maj.-General, Judge of the Supreme Court of 
Massachusetts, in the hall of the Grand Army of the Republic. Painted 
by W. H. Willard. 

John Milton Earle, Editor of the Massachusetts Spy, and a promi- 
nent horticulturist, in the Library of the Worcester County Horticultural 
Society. Painted by Lincoln, of Providence. 

Rev. Aaron Bancroft, D.D., and Rev. Alonzo Hill, D.D., both for- 
mer pastors of the Second Congregational (Unitarian) Society, in the 
Vestry of the Church. 

John Green, M.D., founder of the Free Public Library at Worcester. 
A full length portrait, by William H. Furness, painted by order of the City 
Council, and a life-size statue, by B. H. Kinney, are in the Green Library 
Hall of the Public Library. 

Isaiah Thomas, LL.D., and William A. Smith, Esq., prominent mem- 
bers of the Order of Free Masons, are in the Masonic Hall. Both painted 
by Billings, the latter from life. 

There is also a portrait of Benedict J. Fenwick, R. C. Bishop of Bos- 
ton, 1825-46, by J. Pope, at the College of the Holy Cross. 

In the City Hall is a marble bust of Hon. Charles Allen, and plaster 
busts of Hon. Emory Washburn, Hon. Isaac Davis, and Hon. Ichabod 
Washburn — all by B. H. Kinney. In St. Paul's Church, marble bust of 
Rt. Rev. P. T. O'Reilly, by Andrew O'Connor. 

In the Orphan's Home, portrait by Harding, of Hon. John W. Lincoln, 
its founder. 

In the new Court House, portrait of Judge Pliny Merrick, by Healy, 
and of Judge B. F. Thomas, by Wight. 

At the Central National Bank, portrait by Healy of Hon. Thomas Kin- 
nicutt, formerly Judge of Probate for the County of Worcester. 

In the Old Ladies' Home, a plaster bust of Hon. Ichabod Washburn, 
its founder. vol. xxx. 2* 



26 The Reverend Josse Glover. [Jan, 



THE REVEREND JOSSE GLOVER. 

AT the semi-annual meeting of the American Antiquarian Society, 
held in Boston, April 28, 1875, J. Hammond Trumbull, 
LL.D., made a communication in regard to the "christian name of 
the Reverend Mr. Glover, whom Thomas (History of Printing, i. 
222) styles the * Father of the American Press.'" By permission, 
we reproduce from the published Proceedings of that meeting, some 
extracts from Dr. Trumbull's communication; and by his liberality 
we are enabled to give a facsimile of Mr. Glover's signature to 
his will. A. H. HOYT. 

Thomas, after mentioning the fact that the name was "variously spelled 
in the ancient records," adopted Jesse as " in all probability, the true name." 
The histories of Harvard University, Peirce and Quincy, both professing to 
quote the college records, name " Mr. Joseph Glover," and their authority 
is accepted by Mr. Bancroft, Dr. Palfrey, and by the editors of the Society's 
new edition of Thomas's History. Mr. Savage, in his Genealogical Dic- 
tionary, finds that " the stranger name of Josse prevails." In my edition of 
Lechford's " Plain Dealing," printed in 1867, I gave in a note on page 123 
some account of " Mr. Josse Glover," — my principal authorities for the 
christian name being the Court Records (extracts from which had been ac- 
curately printed by Mr. Thomas) and entries in Lechford's MS. Journal ; 
but I mentioned the monument erected to his first wife, in Sutton church, 
Surrey, on which his name appears as Joseph, if the copy of the inscription 
printed in Manning and Bray's History of Surrey is to be trusted, and so 
too in an extract from the parish register of Sutton, printed in the same 
work (ii. 483, 487). Mr. John Ward Dean, in the N. E. Historical 
and Genealogical Register (vol. xxiii. 135), hesitates between Joseph 
and Josse; and Mr. Sibley, with characteristic caution, names (Harvard 
Graduates, i. 208) " the Reverend Jose, Josse, or Joseph Glover." The 
strongest evidence I have found for Jesse is in the printed Calendar of British 
State Papers (Dom. series, 1634-35), in the abstracts of a petition addressed 
to Archbishop Laud by Edward Darcey, patron of the living of Sutton, for 
the appointment of a successor to "Jesse Glover, clerk," and of Laud's 
answer to this petition, in which this name is repeated (p. 355, doc. 45). 
.... For Joseph, the authorities are the printed extracts from the Col- 
lege Records, and the Sutton inscription printed by Manning and Bray. Mr. 
Sibley, having at my request examined the MS. Record of Donations quoted 
by Peirce and Quincy, gives me the extract literatim : 

" Mr. Joss : Glover gave to the College a fFont of printing letters." 

Mr. Sibley has also sent me several extracts from papers in the Court 
Files of Middlesex county, relating to the settlement of Mrs. Dunster's 
(formerly Mrs. Glover's) estate, in 1656, in which the name is written 
" Josse," and once, " Joss," but nowhere " Joseph." 

Thomas Lechford, in his professional Journal, made copies of two instru- 
ments drawn for Mrs. Glover's signature, in which the name also appears as 
■" Josse," and in one instance as " Joas." 



1876.] The Reverend Josse Glover, 27 

Suspecting that Manning and Bray had taken the same liberty in copying 
the inscription on the monument erected by Mr. Glover to his first wife, as 
had been taken in printing extracts from the college records r I applied to 
the present rector of Sutton, a well known scholar and antiquary, the Rev. 
John A. Giles, D.D. He very obligingly complied with my request, by 
informing me that the name on the monument is "Jos. Glover" — not 
4k Joseph," and that the entry in the register, of which he sends me a certi- 
fied copy, is Jose. This entry is as follows : 

Henry Wyshe being a Nonregent Maister of Arts in the University of Cam- 
bridge was inducted by Thomas Pope into the Rectorie of Sutton June 10th, An. 
Dom. 1636 ; after a Resignation made of the same Rectorie by Jose Glover, who was 
much beloved of the most if not all & his departure much lamented of the most,, if 
not of all. 

This is the first entry in our Register, which begins June 10, 1636, 

This disposes of all the authority for " Joseph." For the correction of 
" Jesse," in the printed Calendar of State Papers, I addressed an inquiry to 
William Douglas Hamilton, Esq., F.S.A., who succeeds the late Mr. Bruce 
as editor of this series of the Calendars. He favors me with the following 
reply : 

In reply to your note of the 18th ult., I can only say that I have looked carefully 
at the documents you mentioned, and find that the name is clearly written as you 
suggested, Josse Glover, both in the body of the petition and in Archbishop Laud's 
reference at the bottom of the petition. * * * 

There is then, so far as appears, no contemporary authority for either 
Joseph or Jesse. All the record evidence favors Josse or Jose. The Middle- 
sex county records seem to prove that Josse was the spelling generally 
adopted by his widow, her second husband, President Dunster, and his son, 
Dr. John Glover. That he himself sometimes, if not always, wrote his 
name Jose, I am now able to prove on the authority of his autograph signa- 
ture to his will, dated May 16, 1638. 

A copy of this will, without date or signature, is in the Court Files of 
Middlesex county, and was printed in the N. E. Historical and Genea- 
logical Register (vol. xxiii. p. 136), with a note by Mr. J. Ward Dean. 
Knowing that the original will must have been executed in the spring or 
early summer of 1 638, and that it must have been proved in London before 
the payment of the legacies, I applied to Col. Joseph L. Chester, of London, 
for assistance to discover it. The following extract from his reply, dated 
Jan. 30, 1875, shows how promptly and successfully he prosecuted the 
search : 

Mr. Glover's will, dated 16 May, 1638, was proved in the Prerogative Court of 
Canterbury, 22 December in the same year, and is recorded in Book " Lee," folio 
176. The original is preserved and is now in the principal registry of Probate. It 
is holograph, which makes it most important for your purpose, as the man's own 
orthography must be accepted as conclusive. 

The will commences : " I Jose Glover," and there are three signatures in the course 
of it, the spelling in each case being distinctly Jose. 

In no instance is there a dot after the final letter e, which might 

indicate a contraction for Joseph. The man's name was clearly Jose, as he wrote 
it 

I may add that the'arms on the seal are : a fess ermine between 3 crescents. 

Comparison of the forms Josse and 
Joas with the autograph Jose shows 
that the name was pronounced as a ^^feC/^ < "7 ? *'J^ > £*-#"fef "/ 

monosyllable, and that the first vowel 
was moderately long. The name Josse, 
though a very uncommon one in Eng- 




28 Descendants of Benjamin Hammond, [Jan. 

land in the last half of the 16th and beginning of the 17th century, was not 
absolutely unknown. 1 Josse Hond, the designer and map engraver, better 
known as " Jodocus Hondius," a native of Flanders, was living in 1585, and 
after. 



DESCENDANTS OF BENJAMIN HAMMOND. 

Communicated by Philip Battell, Esq., of Middlebury, Vt. 

AN authentic trace of Benjamin Hammond is given by Farmer 
{Genealogical Register, p. 186), that he came from London, married 
in Sandwich in 1350, and removed to Rochester. The record of marriage 
has not been found at Sandwich, but that of the death of Rose, a daughter 
of Benjamin and Mary Hammond, Nov. 20, 1676, is certified (courteously) 
by the town clerk. In referring the parentage of Benjamin to William 
and Elizabeth (Penn or Payne) Hammond, of Watertown, the sagacity of 
Farmer, and other genealogists, has been misled by a singular identity of 
names of the emigrant parents of two branches of the Hammonds, and a 
divided claim between them to the same family surname for the emigrant 
ancestress of each. Another coincidence is developed, also, in the emi- 
gration of the two Elizabeth (Penn or Payne) Hammonds in the same year, 
1636, in different ships indeed, but each without her husband, a William 
Hammond, and each with several children. The tradition of circumstances 
so similar was likely to become complicated, and to be referred for explica- 
tion to the first accessible record in which its threads might unite ; which in 
Bond's Watertown, with but a little strain of adaptation, was found to 
answer the demands of all the name, except the descendants, otherwise 
provided for, of Thomas and Elizabeth (Cason) Hammond, first of Hingham. 
In this solution, to which Savage and the family generally seem committed, 
the line of Benjamin Hammond, in the Idumean border of the old colony, 
was least considered, and it was but practical justice that a rod out of its 
own stem should vindicate its history. 

The summary in Dr. Bond's invaluable record of Watertown families, 
includes the English register, credited to Mr. S. Hammond Russell, of the 
birth of William and Thomas Hammond, which is copied here, as indicating 
a locality of the name. 

Thomas 1 Hammond, of Lavenham, co. Suffolk, married, May 14, 1573, 
Rose Trippe. He was buried, Nov. 26, 1589. Children: 

i. Elizabeth, bapt. April 1, 1574. 

ii. William, bapt. Oct. 30, 1575 ; " settled in New-England." 

iii. Rose, bapt. April 22, 1578. 

iv. Martha, bapt. Nov. 6, 1579. 

v. Marie, bapt. July 7, 1587 (?). 

vi. Susan. 

vii. Thomas, bapt. Jan. 9, 1586; of Hingham, afterwards of Newton. 

William 2 Hammond married, June 9, 1605, Elizabeth Payne (Penn?), 
Children : 

1 The surname Jose and Josse appears in New- Hampshire from about the middle of the 
17th century. — a. h. h. 



1876.] Descendants of Benjamin Hammond* 29 

i. William, bapt. Sept. 20, 1607. 
ii. Anne, bapt. Nov. 19, 1609. 
iii. John, bapt. Dec. 5, 1611. 
iv. Anne, bapt. July 14, 1616. 
v. Thomas, bapt. Sept. 17, 1618. 
vi. Elizabeth, b. about 1619 (aged 15 in April, 1634 1 ). 
vii. Sarah, b. about 1624 (aged 10, April, 1634). 
viii. John, b. about 1627 (aged 7 in April, 1634). 

ix. Benjamin (see Farmer) ; probably not the youngest child ; not mentioned 
in his father's will. 

A record of fine genealogical interest exists in the Memorandum Book 
of Capt. Elnathan Hammond, of Newport, R. I., who lived an esteemed 
citizen of that town, and died there May 24, 1793, at the age of 90. His 
descendants cherish his memory with peculiar regard, retain his portrait, 
point to his former residence still standing in Thames Street, recall his 
character as a sea captain in the best commercial period of the town, and his 
active interest in the congregational church. The book is a reverend relic, 
preserved in Vermont in the family of the grandson and namesake of the 
original owner, now in the keeping of his only surviving great-grandson here, 
at the age of eighty. Its leather binding and metallic clasp and uneven mar- 
gins indicate age and wear, its contents recall a historical period, and special 
and various personal tastes. It is a pocket memorandum book, of which 
this is the first inscription in respect to date : 

Elnathan Hammond, his Memorandum Book, Feb? 1755. Memorandum of some 
things I have observed, y*. I think remarkable, and of some things 1 have thought 
so in course of my reading. 

Observations, extracts, statistics, recipes and memoranda, in a hand-writ- 
ing both distinct and graceful, are supplemented by excerpts or documents 
in print, pasted or folded in, of which Dr. Stiles's list of clergymen and 
churches in New-England, and an early copy of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, are noticeable specimens. On an initial fly-leaf is formally 
inscribed : 

This Memorandum Book I have given to my grandson, Elnathan Hammond,. 
May y e 15th, 1781, and I desire that he may have the possession of it after my De- 
cease : Witness my Daughter Eliz th Sprague. Elnathan Hammond. 

The portion of the book which with genealogists has gained in vitality by 
time, is of course that in which the family history is disclosed, nor in this; 
probably is the spirit misrepresented, which in a patriarchal way provided 
that mode of preserving it. The grave of Capt. Hammond, in the old bury- 
ing ground, is with those of members of his family, finding their peace in dust, 
with his own, while the traces of his filial spirit in this record restore th© 
place of his ancestral line in remembrance, and that of his venerated ances- 
tress who brought it over. 

A short Record of our Family, by Elnathan Hammond, copied from a Family Record 
of my Father's, Mr. John Hammond, of Rochester, 1737, and continued, begin- 
ning the year at the 1st of January. 

William Hammond, born in the city of London, and there married Elizabeth Penn, 
sister of Sir William Penn, had children : Benjamin their son born 1621, Elizabeth, 
Martha and Rachel their daughters, all born in London. William Hammond died 
there and was buried. Elizabeth Hammond, widow of William Hammond, with 

1 In Drake's lists of Founders of New-England, printed in the Register, vol. xiv. pp. 331 
and 332, are the names of Elizabeth Hammond and children. Elizabeth aged 15, Sarah 
aged 10, and John aged 7, passengers in the Francis of Ipswich, April, 1634. 



30 Descendants of Benjamin Hammond. [Jan . 

her son Benjamin and three daughters, all young, left a good estate in London, and 
with several godly people came over to New England in troublesome Times in 1634, 
out of a conscious desire to have the liberty to serve God in the way of his ap- 
pointment. They had with them the Rev. Mr. Lothrop, their minister, A.D. 1634. l 
Settled in Boston, and there died 1640, had an honorable burial and the character of 
a very godly woman. 

Benjamin Hammond, their son, removed to Sandwich and there married Mary 
Vinsent, daughter of John Vinsent. She was born in England in 1633. Benjamin 
Hammond married to Mary Vinsent 1650. Had born : 

Samuel, their son, 1655. 
John, their son, Nov. 30, 1663. 
Nathan, their son, 1670. 
Benjamin, their son, Nov. 1673. 
Had two daughters, died young. 

Benjamin Hammond, with his wife and four sons, moved to Rochester and there 
died, aged 82 years, 1703. Mary his widow died 1705. 

John Hammond married Mary Arnold, eldest daughter of the Rev. Mr. Samuel 
Arnold, first minister of the gospel that was settled in Rochester, 1691. Mary 
Arnold born May, 1672. 

John Hammond and Mary Arnold married 1691. Had seven sons and four 
daughters. Had born to grow up : 

Bethiah, their daughter, Aug. 11, 1693. 
Sarah, their daughter, Dec. 23d, 1695. 
Jabez, their son, Feb. 26, 1699. 
-Elnathan, their son, March 7, 1703. 
Benjamin, their son, Dec. 1, 1704. 
Rowland, their eon, Oct. 30, 1706. 
Elizabeth, their daughter, January 5, 1709. 
Abigail, y r daughter, March 27, 1714. 
Jonathan, son, Sept. 4, 1716. 

Bethiah Hammond, married to Mr. Joseph Haskell, had many children and died 
March the 17, 1757. 

Sarah Hammond, married to Noah Sprague, of Rochester, had many children. 

Jabez Hammond, married Sarah Lothrop, had a son and daughter. She dying, 
he married Abigail Farwel, and had many children. 

Benjamin Hammond, married Priscilla Sprague, and had 2 sons and 3 daughters, 
and died July the 19th, 1758. 

Rowland Hammond, married Ann Winslow, had two sons. She dying, married 
Southward. She had no children. 

Elizabeth Hammond, married to Ebenezer Lothrop ; had children. 

Abigail Hammond, married to Ebenezer Perry ; had one son and died May 16, 
1753 New Stile. 

John Hammond, married to Mary Ruggles ; had many children. 

John Hammond, my father, died April 19, 1749 O. S. 

Mary Hammond, my mother, dyed Aug. 3, 1756 N. S. 

Bethiah Haskell, my sister, died March 17, 1757. 

Sarah Sprague, my sister, died 

Jabez Hammond, my brother, died March 1786. 

Benjamin Hammond, my brother, died July the 19th 1758. 

Abigail Pery, my sister, died May 16, 1753. 

Elnathan Hammond, son of John Hammond, born at Rochester March ye 7th 1703. 
Married Mary Wignall, widow, who was daughter of Mr. John Rogers of New- 
port, who was born August 24, 1700. Who were married Dec. 27th 1728. Had 
children born : 

John Arnold, their son, Feb. 9, 1731. 
Abigail, y r daughter, Sept. 20, 1733 ; d. Jan. 15, 1734. 
Elnathan, son, Jan. 17, 1736, who d. Dec. 4, 1737. 
Abigail, a daughter, Feb. 15, 1737. 

1 The ship Griffin, with 200 passengers, including the Rev. Mr. Lothrop, Mr. and Mrs. 
Hutchinson, arrived Sept. 18, 1634. See Drake's " Boston." 



1876.] Descendants of Benjamin Hammond, 31 

Elnathan, a son, May 11, 1738. 

Joseph, a son, April 13, 1739. 

Nathaniel, a son, June 2, 1740. 

Mary, a daughter, Sep tern: 22, 1741, who dyed May ye 7, 1767. 

Elizabeth, a daughter, May 25, 1743. 

Susannah, a daughter, June 18, 1744. 

Mary Hammond, wife of Elnathan Hammond, departed this life Oct. y e 20th 1749. 

Elnathan Hammond married his second wife Elizabeth Cox, widow, Sep 4 , ye 5th 
1750 0. S. who was daughter of Samuel Vernon, Esq. was born in Newport, Aug. 
5th 1709. Had a son still born, July 21, 1753, New Stile. 

Elnathan Hammond Jun r died Sept. 22, 1763. 

Elizabeth Hammond the wife of Elnathan Hammond departed this life May the 11 
1775. 

Nathaniel Hammond died master of a ship in the London trade ; died in Jamaica 
March 1777. 

John Arnold Hammond taken by the English European Enemies and carried a 
prisoner to New York and died in the hospital some time June 1781. 

Rowland Hammond my brother died June 16, 1788. 

John Arnold Hammond married Mary Scot June 6, 1754. 

Abigail Hammond married to Jacob Richardson Sept. 13, 1759. 

Susanna Hammond married to Caleb Lyndon January 29, 1767 and died at Reho- 
both August 24, 1780. 

Nathaniel Hammond married to Betty Peabody Nov r . 27, 1769 had two sons and 
one daughter. 

Elizabeth Hammond married to Nathaniel Sprague of Rochester January y e 20, 
1773. 

Newport May y e 15, 1762. 

My son John Arnold Hammond with his wife and two children a son and 
daughter, a negro boy and negro girl, with all his household goods, provision and 
some stock, removed from Hence and sailed for Cornwallis, in Minis in Nova Scotia 
to begin a settlement there, having the last summer lived and taken up a right of 
land there and made some preparation for a settlement. 

This paragraph following his marriage and death in the record, contains 
the only allusion to the children of John Arnold Hammond ; it is continued 
for a line or two in cipher. His wife, Mary Scott, is spoken of by the 
descendants as a niece of Benjamin Franklin. He returned from Nova 
Scotia, and engaged on the patriot side in the revolution, was captured 
aboard a ship, taken to New- York and died a prisoner. The record of his 
descendants at Middlebury is preserved in a family bible. 

Elnathan Hammond, son of John A. Hammond and grandson of Elna- 
than Hammond, of Newport, R. I., was born at Newport, R. I., December 
16, 1760. Deborah Carr, daughter of John Carr, Jr. and granddaughter 
of John Carr of North Kingston, R. I., born June 10, 1760. They were 
married at North Kingston, November 5, 1790. Children: 

i. Lucinda, b. at Lanesboro', Mass., May 8, 1798 ; m. Leonard Whedon, 

of Bridport, Vt. ; d. Jan. 19, 1853. 
ii. John Arnold, b. at Middlebury, Vt., July 18, 1794; m. Fanny B. 

Keeler, of M., Nov. 11, 1824. Children : Martha H., Helen, Mariatt, 

Helen Jane. Mrs. F. B. H. d. April 3, 1870. 
iii. Jane, b. Oct. 27, 1795 ; m. Levi Sperry, of Cornwall, Vt. ; d. March 

19, 1850. 
iv. William, b. April 2, 1797 ; m. Sally Olmsted, of M., Dec. 1835. Ch. : 

Henny W., Elizabeth. W. H. d. May 27, 1858; Mrs. S. H., Dec. 

13, 1873. 
v. Emma, b. May 4, 1799; m. Elijah Birge, of M., Sept. 13, 1832. 

Ch. : Cyrus. 
vi. Edwin, b. May 20, 1803; m. Alpa Olmsted, of M., Dec. 29, 1828. 

Ch. : Edwin Seymour, George. E. H. d. Dec. 31, 1870 ; Mrs. A. 

H., May 1, 1871. 
vii. Abigail, b. June 30, 1803. 



32 Descendants of Benjamin Hammond. [Jan. 



Mrs. Elizabeth Penn Hammond. 

Following the family record in the memorandum book, a note is made as 
follows : 

Newport the 25th day of Feb. A.D. 1772. By our family record my Great Grand- 
Mother Elizabeth Hammond, with her son Benjamin Hammond aged 13 years and 
3 daughters all young, came over to New England in the same ship or vessel with 
that worthy Minister Mr. John Lothrop, A.D. 1634 and by an ancient Manuscript 
Record found in the hands of the ft d . Mr Elijah Lothrop of Gilead in Connecticut, 
in the handwriting of Mr John Lothrop, a copy of which taken by Doctor Ezra 
Stiles of Newport I have now before me, I find that Mr John Lothrop was at Sci- 
tuate soon after his arrival in New England, viz. : " The 28 of September 1634, on 
the Lord's Day, spent my first Labors forenoon and afternoon." 

" January 8, 1634-5, were joined in covenant together as many of us as had been 
in covenant before, to wit (the names being mentioned) — 9 men and 4 women. 
January 19th ? I was chosen Pastor and invested into office." The church increased 
by additions from time to time until the 33d person joining is mentioned as follows : 
" Elizabeth Hammond, my Sister, having a dismission from the Ch. at Watertown 
was joined April 16, 1638." Rev John Lothrop with 30 men and 11 women mem- 
bers of his Ch. removed to Barnstable between the 26th of June and 11th of October 
in the year 1639. Now I suppose my Great Grandmother Elizabeth Hammond 
after Mr John Lothrop left Scituate removed to Boston, as it appears by our Family 
Record that she died and was buried at Boston A.D. 1640. This written by Elna- 
than Hammond Feb? 1772. 

The Pastoral Journal of the Rev. John Lothrop, reprinted in full in the 
Register (vol. ix. pp. 279-87; x. pp. 37-43), including baptisms, burials 
and marriages, at Scituate and Barnstable, has no entry of Elizabeth Ham- 
mond's name but that quoted above. Her dismission from Watertown in- 
dicates a connection with the family there. The term " my Sister " implies 
a family relationship with her pastor, perhaps as a sister-in-law. Her name 
has not been found in the Probate or other records of Boston, nor a trace of 
her young daughters anywhere. As to her maiden name, that of Payne by 
the parish register of Lavenham is assigned to her competitor. In the pedi- 
gree of the Penns, 1 daughters are not named. Her son was nineteen at her 
death, and to that time the remembrances of home had been kept alive to him. 
Ten years later, his marriage with Mary Vincent at Sandwich, herself of Eng- 
lish birth, would renew and assure them for transmission by their son, who al- 
ways living near his parents, was forty at his father's death. The grandson 
made the record, when a subsequent collateral distinction might mislead 
him, but his ancestress ennobled the line in the sacrifice and silence of 
exile. 

1 William 1 Penn, of Minety, co. Gloucester, and of PemVs Lodge in Wiltshire, who died 
in 1591, had a son William? who died before his father and left two sons, (1) William? 
whose line is extinct, and (2) Giles? 

Giles 3 Penn was a captain in the Royal Navy, and held for some time the office of consul 
in the Mediterranean. He married Miss Gilbert, and had two sons — (1) George* envoy to 
Spain, who died unmarried ; and (2) Sir William* 

Sir William 4 Penn, born in Bristol 1621, entered the navy, where he distinguished him- 
self and attained the rank of vice-admiral. He died at Wansted, Essex, in 1670. He mar- 
ried Margaret, dau. of John Jasper, of Rotterdam, by whom he had a son William? the 
founder of Pennsylvania, and Margaret? who m. Anthony Lowther, of Mask, Yorkshire. — 
See Burke's Landed Gentry, pp. 1021-2, and the Heraldic Journal, vol. iii. pp. 135-40. 



1876.] Descendants of Philip and John Langdon. 33 



DESCENDANTS OF PHILIP AND JOHN LANGDON, 

OF BOSTON. 

By Arthur M. Alger, of Boston. 

AMONG the early inhabitants of Boston were several families bear- 
ing the name of Langdon. The relationship, if any, existing be- 
tween them we have failed to discover. John Langdon, a sailmaker, was 
the first comer, his name appearing in Boston as early as 1 648. He mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of the widow Alice Vermaes, of Salem, and had issue. 
Next came three brothers, Edward, Philip and John Langdon, and to them 
this sketch will be confined. Edward Langdon was a mariner, probably 
unmarried. His estate was settled by his brother John in 1704. 

1. Philip 1 Langdon, who was also a mariner, and whose old oaken sea 
chest is still in the possession of his descendants, died Dec. 11, 1697. Mary, 
his wife, died Feb. 14, 1716. They had the following children : — 

i. Philip, an innkeeper.* 

ii. Susanna, b. Oct. 23, 1677: m. Samuel Gray. 

iii. John, b. Aug. '27, 1682. Probably the J. L. who m. Eliz. Indecot, 
March 8, 1713. Oct. 6, 1725, an inventory was taken of the goods 
of Eliz. Langdon, widow of John Langdon, mariner, deceased. 

iv. James, b. Aug. 15, 1685 ; d. young. 

2. v. Samuel, b. Dec. 22, 1687 ; m. Esther Osgood, Aug. 8, 1712. 
vi. Mary, b. March 24, 1689 ; m. John Thwing, Sept. 2, 1713. 

3. vii. Paul, b. Sept. 12, 1693 ; m. Mary Stacy, Aug. 18, 1718. 

2. Samuel 2 Langdon (Philip 1 ), a housewright, m. Esther Osgood, 
Aug. 8, 1712. He d. June 15, 1723, and she m. John Barnes, Nov. 30, 
1725. The children of Samuel and Esther Langdon were: 

i. Samuel, b. June 16, 1713 ; d. Oct. 23, 1721. 

ii. Esther, b. May 12, 1715 ; m. John Gold, Nov. 4, 1736. 

iii. Mary, b. March 15, 1716. 

iv. Hannah, b. Aug. 8, 1719 ; d. June 5, 1721. 

v. Philip, b. June 9, 1721 ; d. Oct. 24, 1721. 

4. vi. Samuel, b. Jan. 12, 1722 ; m. Elizabeth Brown. 

3. Lt. Paul 2 Langdon (Philip 1 ), a carpenter, millwright and farmer, 
m. Mary Stacy, Aug. 18, 1718. He removed to Salem, and thence to 
Wilbraham, where he d. Dec. 3, 1761. He was a man of great energy 
and enterprise. His children were : — 

Mary, b. Aug. 20, 1719 ; m. Henry Badger. 
Lewis, b. May 16, 1721 ; m. a Cooley. 
Hannah, b. Feb. 22, 1723 ; m. a Meacham. 
Paul, b. Dec. 16, 1725 ; m. Thankful Stebbins. 
John, b. June 1, 1728 ; m. Sarah Stebbins. 
Elizabeth, b. July 1, 1730 ; d. Sept. 23, 1740. 
Anna, b. Sept. 21, 1732 ; d. Sept. 12, 1740. 

4. Rev. Samuel 3 Langdon, D.D., A.A.S. (Samuel, 2 Philip 1 ), m. 
Elizabeth, dau. of the Rev. Richard Brown, of Reading, Mass. He 
graduated at H. U. 1740, taught school for a short time in Ipswich, Mass., 
and then went to Portsmouth, N. H., where he had charge of the grammar 

* June 25, 1689, Paul Simmons, being bound to sea, appoints his trusty and well loved 
cousin, Philip Langdon, his attorney. 

VOL. XXX. 3 





i. 


5. 


ii. 




iii. 


6. 


iv. 


7. 


v. 




vi. 




vii. 



34 Descendants of Philip and John Langdon. [Jan. 

school, and was assistant to Mr. Fitch, minister of the First Church. He 
was a chaplain at the capture of Louisburg in 1745. Feb. 4, 1747, he was 
ordained as the successor of Mr. Fitch, and remained in that position until 
his appointment to the presidency of Harvard University, Oct. 14, 1774. 
Lacking the firmness and dignity necessary for the maintenance of discipline 
among the students, he resigned Aug. 30, 1780. In 1781, he was installed 
over the church at Hampton Falls, N. H., where he d. Nov. 29, 1797, his 
extensive knowledge, hospitality, patriotism and piety having secured to 
him the affection and respect of his people. In politics he was an ardent 
whig, and distinguished himself as a member of the New-Hampshire con- 
vention which adopted the federal constitution. He published a number of 
essays, sermons, &c. 

Dr. Langdon had by his wife Elizabeth nine children, four of whom died 
in infancy. The other five were : — 

Samuel. Had a family. 

Paul. Graduated at H.O. 1770. "Was the first preceptor of the academy 
in Fryeburg, Me., where Daniel Webster afterward taught. Mar- 
ried, had children, and removed to New- York. 

Richard. Had a family. 

Elizabeth, m. the Hon. David Sewall, LL.D., of York, Me. 

Mary, m. the Hon. John Goddard, of Portsmouth. 

5. Lewis 3 Langdon (Paul, 11 Philip 1 ), m. a Cooley, of Monson. He 
erected the first saw-mill in Wilbraham, and invented a machine for turning 
cider-mill screws. Children : — 

i. Lewis, ii. John. iii. Philip, iv. Christopher, m. Polly Walker. 
v. Rachel, vi. Sarah. 

6. Capt. Paul 3 Langdon (Paul, 2 Philip 1 ), m. Thankful Stebbins, 
May 5, 1757, and d. June 23, 1804. He was a sergeant in the French 
war, and commanded a company from Wilbraham in the war of the revo- 
lution. Children : — 

i. Samuel, b. May 10, 1758 ; d. Feb. 20, 1822. 

ii. Thankful, b. July 4, 1760 ; m. a Burt. 

iii. Paul, b. Aug. 18, 1764 ; m. Azubah King. 

iv. Lovisa, b. Nov. 13, 1768 ; m. (1) Abdiel Loomis ; (2) Joseph Wood. 

v. Mary, 1?. Oct. 12, 1770 ; m. Jacob Wood. 

vi. Walter, b. June 22, 1779 ; m. Sophia Badger. 

7. John 3 Langdon (Paul 2 Philip 1 ), of Wilbraham, m. (1) Sarah 
Stebbins, Feb. 1755; (2) Eunice Torrey, Dec. 29, 1757. He d. Oct. 10, 
1822. Said to have been a man of great energy. He served as a sergeant 
in the revolutionary war. By first wife he had : — 

i. Sarah, b. July 12, 1755 ; m. Ebenezer Crocker, of Kinderhook, N. Y. 

By second wife he had : — 

ii. John- Wilson, b. March 11, 1759 ; m. an Ashley. 

iii. Artemas, b. May 25, 1760 ; d. Oct. 2, 1760. 

iv. James, b. March 27, 1762 ; m. Esther Stebbins. 

v. Joslah, b. Jan. 12, 1765 ; m. Sally Hall. 

vi. Joanna, b. June 21, 1767 ; m. Preserved Leonard. 

vii. Oliver, b. Oct. 9, 1769. 

viii. Eunice, b. March 7, 1772 ; m. Asa Merritt. 

ix. Solomon, b. July 19, 1777. 

Of these five brothers, three were methodist preachers, John W., Oliver, 
and Solomon; and one was an "exhorter," James. Their descendants 
reside in Cincinnati, Ohio, and vicinity. The other brother, Josiah, was a 



1876.] Descendants of Philip and John Langdon, _ 35 

man of literary taste, and wrote considerable poetry in his day. His " Song 
of the Hoe " is the best known. 

For further information concerning the Langdon family in Wilbraham, 
see Dr. Stebbins's History of that town. 



1. John 1 Langdon, in the year 1 672, lay sick in the Island of Barbadoes. 
Thinking, perhaps, that his end was near, he executed a will, bequeathing 
to his brother, Philip Langdon, of Boston, all his property, to wit : money, 
wearing apparel, sea instruments, one barrel of sugar, and two hogsheads of 
molasses, in the ship " John and Sarah of Boston ;" the master of the ship 
promising to deliver them, if it pleased God to send him well to Boston. 
But the sick man recovered, returned to Boston, married, and settled down 
as an innkeeper. He died, Dec. 6, 1732, aged 82. By Elizabeth, his wife, 
he had the following children : — 

i. Elizabeth, b. 1686 ; m. Pitman, whom she survived. He may 

have been her second husband ; for an Eliz. Langdon m. William 
Symmes, June 13, 1706. 

2. ii. Josiah, b. Jan. 28, 1687; m. Elizabeth Saxton, Sept. 2, 1708. 

iii. Ephraim, b. Jan. 25, 1689 ; m. Sarah , had Josiah, and d. before 

1728. 

iv. Mary, bapt. Nov. 15, 1691 ; m. Samuel Hunt, April 24, 1712. 

v. Joanna, b. Oct. 22, 1693 ; m. in Salem, March 14, 1711, Grafton Fever- 
year, a wealthy baker, of Boston. 

3. vi. Nathaniel, b. Sept. 14, 1695 ; m. Abigail Harris, Nov. 23, 1738. 

4. vii. Edward, bapt. Oct. 23, 1698 ; m. Susanna Wadsworth. 
viii. Margaret, b. Oct. 23, 1697 ; d. young. 

ix. John, b. Oct. 17, 1698. John Langdon (No. 1) and John Hunt were 
sureties on a bond given June 14, 1722, by Mary Langdon, as ad- 
ministratrix of the estate of her husband, John Langdon, mariner, 
deceased. 

x. Michael, d. Aug. 26, 1701. 

xi. Margaret, b. Aug. 10, 1703 ; m. Benj. Proctor, a tanner, Feb. 28, 1721. 

2. Deacon Josiah 2 Langdon (John 1 ), an innkeeper, married Elizabeth 
Saxton, Sept. 2, 1708, and died Nov. 5, 1742, leaving an estate which was 
inventoried at £5488. 18. 4J. He was one of the building committee for, 
and in 1737 was ordained deacon of the New North Church. He resided 
in Fish street. Children :— 

i. Elizabeth, b. July 1, 1721 ; m. Oct. 5, 1742, the Rev. Andrew Eliot, 
D.D., who for thirty years was pastor of the New North Church. 
They were the parents of, inter alios, the Rev. Andrew Eliot, minister 
at Fairfield, Conn., graduated at H. U. in 1762 ; Ephraim Eliot, who 
graduated at H. U. 1780 ; and the Rev. John Eliot, S. T. D., who 
graduated at H. U. in 1772, and in 1778 succeeded his father as pas- 
tor of the New North Church. 

ii. Ephraim, b. Aug. 7, 1733 ; graduated at H. U. 1752, studied divinity, 
and was a decided Socinian, but insuperable constitutional timidity 
prevented him from preaching. For a number of years he was as- 
sistant master of the north latin grammar school, when Mr. Wiswall, 
the principal, was laboring under the infirmities of age. He was a 
rigid disciplinarian. He was unmarried, and died Nov. 21, 1765, 
aged 33. 

3. Nathaniel 8 Langdon (John 1 ), an innkeeper, married Abigail Har- 
ris, Nov. 23, 1738. He died Dec. 27, 1757, aged 63, and was buried on 
Copp's Hill. His estate was inventoried at £3354. 5. 10J. Children: — 

i. Nathaniel, b. March 2, 1741 ; d. unmarried, about 1819. 

ii. Abigail, b. Aug. 9, 1743 ; m. Thomas Bumstead, Nov. 17, 1767. 

iii. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 17, 1744 ; d. young. 



36 Descendants of Philip and John Langdon, [Jan. 

5. iv. Josiah, b. March 3, 1746 ; m. Dorothy Brintnall, Jan. 18, 1775. 

6. v. John, b. July 28, 1747 ; m. Mary Walley, June 2, 1771. 

vi. Mary, b. July 11, 1748 ; m. Stephen Williams, Dec. 12, 1771. 

vii. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 8, 1749 ; d. unmarried, aged about 30. 

viii. William, b. Sept. 28, 1750 ; privateer — lost — never heard from. 

ix. Samuel, b. Oct. 6, 1752 ; d. young. 

x. Ephraim, b. Dec. 29, 1754 ; shipwrecked. 

xi. Joanna, b. March 28, 1755 ; m. Ebenezer Frothingham, March 9, 1779, 
and was mother, inter alios, of the Rev. Nathaniel Langdon Froth- 
ingham, D.D. ; and of Ephraim Langdon Frothingham, who was 
joint author with his son Arthur of a work on " Philosophy as Ab- 
solute Science," &c. 

xii. Priscilla, b. July 28, 1756 ; d. unm. at a good old age. 

4. Deacon Edward 2 Langdon (John 1 ), a tallow chandler, married 
Susanna Wadsworth, who died Sept. 3, 1760, aged 65. He was a deacon 
of the Second Church. He died May 25, 1766, and was buried on Copp's 
Hill. Children :— 

John, b. Jan. 17, 1722 ; m. Mary 



7. 
8. 


l. 
ii. 




iii. 




iv. 



Edward, b. June 10, 1724 ; m. Mary Parkman. 
Susanna, b. May 3, 1727 ; ) -. , , , 
Timothy, b. Feb. 17, 1732 ; \ P robabl y d ' ^^ 

5. Dr. Josiah 8 Langdon (Nathaniel? John 1 ), graduated at H. U. 1764, 
and succeeded Mr. Wiswall as principal of the north latin grammar school ; 
but did not remain long, being deficient in the spirit of government. He 
married Dorothy, dau. of Paul Brintnall, of Sudbury, Jan. 18, 1775, and, 
having studied medicine, settled in that town as a practising physician. 
There he died in or about 1779. His widow, perhaps, married again ; for 
Dorothy Langdon and Daniel Eaton were published in Weston, Sept. 8, 1788. 

Josiah and Dorothy Langdon had one child, viz. : — 

i. Josiah, d. July 23, 1793, a. 15 yrs. 5 mos. 3 days. 

6. Captain John 3 Langdon (Nathaniel, 2 John 1 ), married June 2, 1771, 
Mary, dau. of Thomas Walley, one of the wealthiest merchants of Boston. 
He served an apprenticeship with Wharton & Bowes, booksellers (the 
firm in which Henry Knox, afterwards major-general, served). In 1770, 
he commenced business for himself, on Cornhill, but relinquished it on the 
outbreak of hostilities, and raised a volunteer company, which was in active 
service during the campaign in Rhode-Island. At the close of the war he 
obtained a position in the Custom House of Boston, in which city he died 
Aug. 1793. Children :— 

i. John- Walley, bapt. March 8, 1772 ; m. Rebecca Cordis, of Charles- 
town, Aug. 26, 1794, and had issue. He was a merchant in the 
Smyrna trade. 

ii. Mary, bapt. July 18, 1773 ; m. Dr. William P. Greenwood, July 23, 
1796, and- was the mother of the Rev. F. W. P. Greenwood, D.D. 
(H. U. 1814), and the Rev. Alfred Greenwood (H. U. 1824). She 
was the author of a dialogue on female education in Bingham's 
" American Instructor." 

iii. Elizabeth, bapt. July 3, 1774; m. William Lovett, Esq., Nov. 22, 
1795. 

iv. Abigail-Harris, b. 1776-7, at Bolton ; m. Giles Lodge, Esq., 1799, and 
was the mother of Dr. Giles Henry Lodge (H. U. 1825), translator 
of Wincklemann's "History of Ancient Art among the Greeks," 
and of an art novel from the German of Baron von Sternberg, entitled 
" The Breughel Brothers." 

v. SARAn, bapt. April 12, 1778 ; m. Andrew Aitcheson, Esq. 

vi. Anne-Hurd, bapt. Sept. 2, 1781 ; m. Aug. 1817, John Bellows, Esq., 
president of the Manufacturers' and Mechanics' Bank. He was the 



1876.] Ancient Wills. 37 

father, by a former wife, of the Rev. Henry W. Bellows, D.D., of 
New- York. 

Tii. Thomas- Wallet, bapt. Oct. 5, 1783; m. Aug. 31, 1833, widow Jane 
Weaver Ross, only dau. of Dr. John Greenwood, of New- York, and 
d. without issue Dec. 17, 1861. He was for many years a merchant 
in the Smyrna trade in Boston, with his brother John. 

viii. Catharine-Amelia, bapt. Dec. 25, 1785; m. Samuel Cook, Esq. 

ix. Charlotte- August a, bapt. Dec. 31, 1801, at the age of 13 ; d. unm. 

7. John 3 Langdon (Edward? John 1 ), a merchant, married Mary , 

and died about 1783. Children: — 

i. John, b. Nov. 19, 1745. One of the " Sons of Liberty." 

ii. Timothy, b. Feb. 7, 1746. He graduated at H. U. 1765, and studied 
law with Jeremiah Gridley. Commencing practice in that part of 
Pownaiboro', Me., which is now Wiscasset, he was appointed a 
Crown Lawyer before the Revolution ; was a representative to the 
Provincial Congress in 1776 ; and in 1778 Admiralty Judge for the 
District of Maine. He was a man of brilliant talent, but of un- 
stable character. He died in the year 1808. Mr. Willis, in his 
*' Law, Law Courts, and Lawyers of Maine," erroneously states 
that he was a brother of Governor John Langdon of Portsmouth. 

iii. Edward, b. May 3, 1749. Not mentioned in his father's will, 1780. 

iv. Susanna, b. Feb. 15, 1750; m. Joseph Procter, June 11, 1773. 

v. Joseph, b. Nov. 30, 1757. 

vi. Mart, b. June 27, 1759 ; m. Dr. William Coffin, March 31, 1778. 

vii. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 30, 1760 ; d. soon. 

viii. Elizabeth, b. July 20, 1762 ; m. Henry Skinner, March 13, 1780. 

ix. Nathaniel, b. Sept. 15, 1763. 

8. Edward 3 Langdon (Edward, 2 John 1 ), a tallow chandler, married 
Mary Parkman, Nov. 16, 1752, and died in 1755. His widow married 
Joshua Winter, Feb. 13, 1760. 

Edward and Mary Langdon had one child, viz. : — 

i. Mary, b. Dec. 14, 1753 ; d. Sept. 8, 1771. 

The will of Elizabeth Langdon, of Maiden, widow, dated Oct. 20, 1744, 
proved Aug. 5, 1745, mentions "only grandchild Eliz. Barry." On the 
back of the will appears the request of Eliz. Barry, and James Hovey, the 
executor, that the will be not admitted to probate, but that Deacon Edward 
Langdon, of Boston, be appointed administrator. This fact tends to show 
that the widow Elizabeth Langdon was related to the Boston Langdons. 



ANCIENT WILLS. 

Communicated by N. J. Herrick, Esq., of Lawrence, Mass. 
[MRS. MART NEWMAKCH.] 

THE last Will and Testament of M rs Mary Newmarch the wife of the 
Rev d . John Newmarch of Kittery in the County of York in the Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay in New England Clerk made this thirtieth Day 
of August Anno Domini 1743. W'hereas I the said Mary Newmarch did 
by my Contract or Agreement made with the said John Newmarch before 
marriage, to my Self (among other things) full Power and Liberty to dis- 
pose of that Estate which I had by my former Husband the Rev d . M r . 
Theophilus Cotton late of Hampton Dec d . by Will or otherwise during 
our State of Wedlock. I do therefore make this my last Will and Testa- 
vol. xxx. 3* 



38 Ancient Wills. [Jan. 

ment to dispose of the Same in manner following, with the Consent of my 
s d . Husband viz 1 . 

Imp 8 . I give and bequeath unto my beloved Husband M r . John New- 
march that Bond or Debt due to me from Clement Hughs or the Land which 
was made over to my former Husband for Security for said Debt in Dover 
or Elsewhere, and my Silver Bowl. 

Item 2 (Uy . I give to my Kinsman Caleb Cushing Jun r . of Salisbury and 
Theophilus Cotton of Plymouth all the remaining part of my Right and 
Interest in y e Town of Chester which I had by my former Husband M r . 
Theophilus Cotton to be equally divided between them. 

Item 3 d17 . I give to my Cousin Mary Parker the Wife of Benjamin 
Parker of Kittery all my Plate or Silver Vessels (except the afores d Bowl 
and my Silver Porringer) and all my Household Stuff or Goods of all 
Sorts after my Husbands Death, and all my Wearing Cloaths Linnen and 
Woolen, and my Picture or Effigies, and M r . Burkits notes on the N. T. 

Item 4 ly . I give to my Cousin James Cushing M r . Flavels 2 Volumns 
and the morning Exercises 4 Volumns after my Husbands Death. 

Item 5 ly . I give to Sarah the Daughter of Caleb Cushing Jun r . my 
Gold necklace, and I give to Mary y e . Daughter of my Brother Samuel 
Gookin my Silver Porringer mark'd M: C: 

Item 6 ly . My Will is that what shall remain of my Cash Money Bills 
or Bonds due to me after the Payment of my Debts and Funeral Expences 
and Five pounds to Elizabeth Moody the Wife of Joshua Moody the same 
shall be equally divided between the aforesaid Theophilus Cotton of Ply- 
mouth and Mary Parker of Kittery. 

And Finally I do constitute and appoint my beloved Husband to be Sole 
Executor of this my Will to whom I give any Book, or Estate that shall 
remain undisposed of in this my Will or otherways. 

Witness my Hand and Seal the Day and Year first above mentioned 
August 30. 1743. 

Mary Newmarch [Seal]. 

Signed Sealed and Delivered by the said 

Mary Newmarch to be her last Will and 

Testament. In presence of us 
Caleb Cushing 
W: m Bradbury 
Judith Norton 

N: B: That I the above named John Newmarch do Consent to the 
above written Will. Witness my Hand this 30th of August 1743. 

John Newmarch. 
At a Court of Probate held at York Oct . 21. 1746. 
The within written Instrument being presented by the Rev d . M r . John 
Newmarch Executor therein named on the Eighth of September last, and 
then the Rev d . M r . Caleb Cushing and Judith Norton within named ap- 
peared and made Oath that they were present and did see the within named 
M™. Mary Newmarch sign and seal and heard her declare the said Instru- 
ment as her last Will & Testament and that she was then of a sound dis- 
posing mind to their best discerning, and that they together with William 
Bradbury, Esq r . subscribed the same as Witnesses thereto in the Testators 
presence. And I do allow and approve of the same accordingly. 

Jer: Moulton, Judge. 
Recorded from the original. 

Pr. Simon Frost, Regr. 
[Records of co. York, Book 7, p. 8.] 



1876.] Passengers to America. 39 



PASSENGERS TO AMERICA. 

UNDER this head we propose to print lists of passengers and 
memoranda of the arrival of vessels in America. Contribu 
tions to this series of articles are solicited from our friends. 

No. L 
Arrivals in Boston, Mass., Mat to June, 1712. 

From Manuscripts belonging to the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Massachusets Impost Office, Boston. 

Vessells Entered in y e Month of March, 1711-12 

8 th John Row y e Sloop Dorcas & Mary from Fyall 
No Passengers 
10 th John Mathews y e Sloop Content from South Carolina 
No Passengers 
Ebenez 1 Swan y e Brig" Fraternity from Turtuda 
No Passengers 
24 th Allexeand r Duncan y e Swallow from Mary Land 
No Passengers 
John Gardner y e Sloop Seartryall from Virginia 

No Passengers 
John Mitchell y e Sloop Hanah & Mary from N Carolina 

No Passengers 
Henry Cally y e Bark Seaflower from Fyall 

No Passengers 
Thomas Bell y e Sloop Mary from Pocomoke Verginia 

No Passengers 
Nathan 11 Harris y e Sloop Vergin from Maryland 

No Passengers 
Moses Abbott y e Sloop Swallow from N Carolina 
No Passengers 

Dated Boston^ March 31 st 1712. 

p' Dan: Russell, Com er 



Massachusets Impost Office Boston. 

Vessells Entredin y e Month April 1712 
y e 4 th John Dimon y e Sloop Aduenture from S" Christoph r 



No Passengers 



Arthur Rexford y e Sloope Rose from Antigua 

No Passengers 
Michall GiU y e Ship John Gaily from Turtuda 



No Passengers but Marreners 



5 th James Killying y e Sloop Mary from North Carolina 
No Passengers 
Thomas Ienkins y e Sloop Vnion from Virgina 
No Passengers 



40 Passengers to America. [Jan. 

John Venteman y e Ship Han a & Eliz B from Turtuda 

No Passengers 
W m Marsh y e Sloop W m & Sarah from New York 
Joseph Thorn ") 
John Wright >• Planters 
Dan 11 Lawrance ) 
7 th Joseph White y e Ship Sheppard from Turtuda 
No Passengers 
John Breet y e Brig" Katherine from Holland 
No Passengers 
8 th Peter Papillon y e Ship Sarah from London 
Twenty Nine Marriners 
James Gouge Gentleman 
William Carkett y° Sloop Endeavor from Virgina 

No Passengers 
John Tufflon y e Sloop Tryall from Surenam 

No Passengers 
Benj a Juery y e Sloop Endeavor from S" Christophers 
No Passengers 
9 th John Petty y e Sloop Dubertus from North Carolina 
No Passengers 
William Cook y e Sloop Dimond from Mounseratt 

No Passengers 
John Royall y e Sloop Speadwell from North Carolina 
No Passengers 
10 th Joseph Jenkins y e Sloop Vnity from North Carolina 

No Passengers 
12 th And r Gibson y e Brig" Succes from Glasgow 
John Alron J 
Patrick Cheap >• Tradors 
Robert Clarke ) 

George Seiruin A Youth for Education 
Peacock A Cordwainer 
14 th Amos Story y e Sloop Friends Aduenture from Turtuda 
No Passengers 
Thomas Dalling y e Sloop Dragon from Fyall 

No Passengers 
Richard Fifield y e Ship Eliz a from Turtuda 

No Passengers 
Francis Norris y e Brig" Martha & Hanah from Mounseratt 
Allexeander Baker Marin r & his Seruant 

o v. y belonging to New York 

Thomas Lathrop y e Sloop Johan a & Thankfull from N. york 

No Passengers 
Robert Sanders y e Sloop Daniel from Virginia 

No Passengers 
15 th John Cooper y e Sloop Black Cock from Virginia 

No Passengers 
Andrew Meade y e Sloop Macy from Virginia 

No Passengers 
19 th William Thomas y e Ship Succes from Surenam 

Johanes Vanharbergreen Merch" 



1876.] Passengers to America. 41 

26 th Phillip Callender y e Sloop Ann from New York 

No Passengers 
Francis Biluton y e Sloop Fisher from Philedelpha 

No Passengers 
28 th Nath 11 Mason y e Sloop Eliz a from S" Georges 

No Passengers but Marreners 
Thomas Vernam y e Barque Vnion from Barnstable 

No Passengers 
Thomas Landell y e Sloop Betty from Antigua 

No Passengers 
George Huntington y e Brig" Macy from London 

No Passengers but Marriners 
Edward Tyng y e Brig" Hope from Fyall 

William Wilson Merch" 

and Six Marreners 
29 th Lewis Hunt y e Barque Hopewell from Surenam 

John Seylor A Saylor 

Dated Boston April 30 th 

p' Dan: Russell Com" 



Massachusets Impost Office Boston 

Vessells Entered in y e Month of May 1712 
1 st John Foster y e Sloop Maulborough from Antigua 

No Passengers 
3 d William Alden y e Brig" S" John Battis from Anopolis 

No Passengers 
5 th Thomas Miors y e Ship Friendship from South Carolina 
John Jorden, A Merch" 
John Wakefield y e Brig". Lisbon Merch". from Lisbon 

No Passengers but Marriners 
Daniel Marshall y e Brig". Lepard from Nevis 
No Passengers 
12 th Joseph Pen well y e Sloop Orringtree from Newf d Land 

No Passengers 
13 th John Jenkens y e Brig" Jer a & Thorn 8 from Madera 
No Passengers 
Jon a Bull y e Sloop Two Brothers from Anopolis 
No Passengers 
15 th John Secomb y e Sloop Swallow from Madera 

No Passengers 
17 th John Hayes y e Ship Marcy & Sarah from Barbados 
Sarah Blanchard A Marryed Woman 
Aibel Macumber y e Sloop Speadwell from Jamaica 
Brattle Oliver Merch" 
John Rogers Phissihon 
David Jones Seruent 
Thomas Simpson y e Sloop Succes from Barbados 
No Passengers 
1 9 th Peter King y e Ship John & Mary from Barbados 
No Passengers 
William Euerton, y e Brig" Releaf from Madera 
No Passengers 



Merch tta 



42 Passengers to America. [Jan. 

20 th Newconib Blaque y e Ship Neptune from Barbados 
Benj a Wright 
Josiah Jackson 
Sam 11 Hill 
Sam 11 Rooke 
Thomas Jones 
Smith 

21 Bt George Phillips y e Brig" Aduenture from Surenam 

No Passengers 
23 d Charles Howell y e Sloop Dubertus from New London 

Zacharia Rogers Cordwainer 

Two Marriners 
29 th John Pumroy y e Sloop Sarah & Mary from N:F d Land 

No Passengers 
Joseph Atkins y e Pink Sarah from Newfound Land 

No Passengers 
William Euerton y e Sloop Anna from Bristoll & Fyall 

Eleazer Armitage 
William Hutton y e Ship Jamaica Gaily from Jamaica 

Lenord Vassell Esq r & his Sone & Dafter 
David Preshaw y e Ship Expedition from North Brittan 

John Nicolls Chrgeon 

James Nerne Gentleman 

Robert Cuningham & Two Marrenirs 
31 fit Tho 9 Wenmouth y e Ship Eueling from Biddyford 

W m Dumer & Two Seruents, Indimion Walker & 4 Seruents 

Francis Wainwright & one Seruent 

Jeffry Farmer Merch" John Irwin Curgeon 

Dated Boston May 31 st 1712 

p y Dan 1 Russell, Com r 



Massachusets Impost Office Boston 

Vessells Entred in y e Month of June 1712 

17 th Richard Loue y e Ship Peter & Phillip from London 

John Channing Peter Whalton 

Mary Anthram Christian Snowman 

Ann Anthram Isac Varenne 

M" Selby and her Child Cap 1 John Woodward 

Abra m De Senne Edward Mobeley 

Henry Whitton M r Payne 
M r Bayley his Wife & Two Child 11 John Coats & his Sone 

Madam Proctor M" Shad 

Lydia John Brewstow the Negro 

p' Dan 1 Russell, Com 1 

No. II. 

Arrival about 1685. 

Communicated by Arthur M. Alger, of Boston. 

In the Colonial Records in the State House, Boston, vol. 61, p. 288, is a 
petition to the Hon. Simon Bradstreet, signed by Thomas Banister, Thomas 
Cobb, James Thornbeck, George Clarke, Ralph Killcup, bearing date Aug. 



1876. J Col. John May's Journey to the Ohio Country. 43 

12, 1685. We gather from it that they with their families were passengers 
in a ship which had lately arrived from England, and, on account of a false 
report that they had brought the small-pox with them, were confined on an 
island in the harbor, where they had no shelter and were without fresh 
water. The petition set forth that they had all had the distemper in Old 
England many years ago, with the exception of four persons who had it on 
board ship, but had been well six weeks and upwards. They therefore 
prayed to be admitted within bounds, that they might provide for themselves 
and families. 

Leave was given them to come ashore on the following day. 

Two of the petitioners, Thomas Banister and George Clarke, settled in 
Boston ; the latter afterward removing to Roxbury. 



A FEW WORDS ADDITIONAL RELATIVE TO COL. JOHN 

MAY, OF BOSTON, AND HIS JOURNEYS TO THE 

OHIO COUNTRY IN 1788 AND 1789. 

Communicated by the Rev. Richard S. Edes, of Bolton, Mass. 

IN the Register for January, 1873, appeared an article on the " Jour- 
nal and Letters of Col. John May," said journal and letters having 
been written by him during two journeys which he made to the " Ohio 
Country," one in 1788, the other in 1789. Later in the same sea- 
son of 1873, Robert Clarke & Co., of Cincinnati, under the auspices of the 
Ohio Historical Society, published the Journal in full, together with such 
letters from the same hand as had been preserved. Readers must have 
noticed, however, that while there is, in the book, quite a full and minute 
journal relating to the year '88, there is none of '89, but only some few let- 
ters, which, although sufficiently expressive, give but in brief and general 
terms the experiences of that year. 

When the Journal and Letters were published, at the times mentioned, 
it was the belief of the present writer that he had in his possession all 
papers bearing on that portion of Col. May's life. In that impression he 
was mistaken. There was then in existence, in the library of Prof. Edward 
Tuckerman, of Amherst College, a grandson, a journal kept by Col. May 
in '89 ; and though at times Mr. T. had entertained thoughts of publishing 
it, the multiplication of other cares and duties and absorption in scientific 
pursuits prevented. Accordingly the MS. was left unused, locked up in a 
cabinet — a circumstance to be regretted, since a work of the kind could 
not have fallen into hands more competent to issue it. Meantime, illness 
supervened, necessitating a suspension of all literary labor, and again com- 
pelling Mr. Tuckerman to seek in European travel the relief which a tired 
brain required. 

Thus it happened he was out of the country when the article above men- 
tioned appeared, and also when the book referred to was issued from the 
press at Cincinnati. On returning home, later in the season, Mr. Tucker- 
man did not long delay to inform the present writer of the MS. in his pos- 
session, nor fail, in the exercise of his wonted kindness, to offer it to be used 
in any manner that might be deemed advisable. In this way he who writes 
these lines found himself in possession, altogether unexpectedly, of papers, 



44 Col. John May's Journey to the Ohio Country. [Jan. 

which in 1873 he did not know to exist ; and was thus enabled to trace Col. 
May's journeyings and experiences in '89 with as much distinctness and de- 
tail as those of '88. 

The Journal of '89 — except as it shows the workings of the same mind, 
and its peculiar cast of thought and modes of expression — is dissimilar 
almost entirely from that of '88, and relates to an experience wholly differ- 
ent. The sorely disappointed writer of it was thwarted in all his plans, 
not only by the peculiarity of the season, which was a very cold one, the 
lowness of the rivers, and a succession of disasters, but also by the almost 
utter disorder of the currency and other business arrangements throughout 
the country, and so found himself, as time wore on and circumstances chang- 
ed, in positions as much unlike anything he had been expecting as could 
well be. Could he have come into possession of it earlier, the present wri- 
ter would probably have attempted to publish the Journal of '89 as a sup- 
plement to that of '88 ; but as so many months have intervened since the 
latter was first introduced to the public, and attention is now diverted to 
other directions, he must relinquish all plans of that sort, and content him- 
self with a few words of explanation and correction which appear to be 
needed, such as, by the courtesy of the editor of the Register, and new 
light furnished, he is enabled to give. 

Imprimis, he would like to corect an error into which he fell — naturally 
enough perhaps — in the absence of all tradition and all testimony, excepting 
such as could be gathered from the insufficient documents then in his pos- 
session. The error referred to occurs on page 119 of the Cincinnati pub- 
lication, and originated in a letter written in '89, from Baltimore, by Col. 
May, the date of which is April 9th (another letter, which to appearance 
ought to follow it, being dated New- York, April 29th), when, as by compari- 
son with the MS. Journal since brought to light is plainly shown, it should 
have been May 9th. The theory, therefore, which is introduced to explain 
the supposed journeyings of Col. May in the early part of that season must 
be entirely set aside. 

Another error, found at the end of the second paragraph of the Biographi- 
cal Sketch, may as well be corrected here as anywhere. _ It is there stated, 
erroneously, that Jonathan Sabin, who married Mary, sister of CoL John, 
was brother to Silas Sabin, who married Prudence, another sister, whereas 
the relationship between them was so slight that what it was they neither 
of them knew. 

In two instances in the publication referred to, the wrong insertion cf a 
comma has produced important mistakes, in one giving to Dr. George W. 
May, of Washington (youngest son of Col. John) three daughters, instead 
of two ; and in the other, on page 147, converting three individuals into 
four. Lucretia Dana is the name of one individual, and should not be made 
into two, as it is in the place mentioned. Col. Richard Hatt turns out to 
be Col. Richard Piatt (page 20); and for Sir John Temple (page 114) 
should be read St. John Temple. There are other slight, and perhaps unim- 
portant errors ; but we will not take up space with mentioning them, but 
pass to other matters. 

Certain words used in the Journal, it has been found, have attracted 
attention, and in answer to inquiries the present writer has had a little 
private correspondence respecting them. " Cantsloper " is one of these. 
It occurs on page 54 of the Journal of '88, and is found again in that of '89, 
and also in a copy of the Journal made by the original writer's oldest daugh- 
ter, Abby ; but it is spelled differently, "Kcntsloper, khansloper." The sugges- 



1876. J Col. John May's Journey to the Ohio Country. 45 

tion is ventured that it was a slopper, or outside garment, for rough and wet 
weather, named, possibly, after the county of Kent in England, Kent-slopper, 
or, from one fancy or another, after the khan, and so khan-slopper. 

We venture the suggestion also, that the word " waggloper," found on 
page 40, might be changed to wagon-loper, meaning the same as wagoner, 
or one who strides along side a wagon. 

Since the book was published, two years ago last fall, the decease of Miss 
C. Augusta May, the last survivor of Col. John's children, has taken place ; 
and, following that event, the breaking up of her household. In looking 
over old papers found in the house, scraps turned up here and there throwing 
a degree of light, however small, on portions of the colonel's earlier career, 
or possessed of interest in other points of view. Thus, for instance, a 
mutilated fragment of an " orderly book " was discovered ; and thereby we 
are able to state that, somewhere in 1775 or '76, he was serving in the forces 
then stationed in and about Boston, with the rank, apparently, of orderly 
sergeant. We find the following in the book just referred to, in his 
hand- writing : — 

Head-Quarters, Boston, August 16th, 177-. 

Parole York, Countersign War. 

The officers and soldiers of the newly raised regiments will strictly 
conform themselves to the Rules and Regulations of the Continental Army. 

A Sergeant's guard must be kept in each of the Forts on Dorchester 
Heights, which will be daily relieved at 8 o'clock in the morning. 

All the men off duty are to fatigue eight hours a day, Sundays and rainy 
days excepted. The officers will choose those hours for working which best 
suit them. 

The rolls of each company will be called every morning and evening ; 
and delinquents (if there should be any) noticed. Each regiment will 
exercise at least one hour in a day, at such hour as the Commanding 
Officer shall order. As soon as the regiments are formed, the reveille is to 
be beat at day-break, the troop at 8 in the morning, the retreat at sunset, 
and the tattoo at 8 o'clock in the evening. 

The drum and fife major of each regiment will pay particular attention 
to the improvement in martial musick. (No signature.) 

The above were, probably, general orders for the day, and copied by the 
several orderlies into their books. To the above citation from the "orderly 
book," and such scraps as were rescued from his old papers, and printed in 
the article in the January 1873 issue of the Register, there is nothing, to 
our knowledge, which can be added to the record of Col. May's military 
life. 

During both the journeys of Col. May to the West in '88 and '89, his 
wife at home in Boston was keeping a brief diary of occurrences, chiefly 
domestic, there. A quotation or two — as throwing light on the usages of 
the times, and in other respects — may not be without interest. 

1788, April 14. Monday morning, precisely at 6 o'clock, Mr. May set 
out on his grand tour, in tolerable health and spirits. Breakfasted, then 
went to hackling flax. 

Wednesday broke my wheel. 

Thursday, the Publick Fast. Attended worship in the forenoon at the 
Chapel, at the brick in the afternoon. Dined with brother Joe, drank tea 
with sister Dawes. 

vol. xxx. 4 



46 Col. John May's Journey to the Ohio Country. [Jan. 

[Another] Thursday. The children continue sick and cross. Sent for 
Warren, he came, &c. [Dr. John Warren, H. U. 1771, died 1815.] . . . 
. . . . Mr. Ticknor (teacher) called in the evening, &c. &c. 

This diary is continued but little farther, and breaks off abruptly. 

That for '89 commences thus : — 

April 23d. At 7 o'clock, Mr. May and Mr. Breck started on their jour- 
ney for the West, not in the best health or spirits, leaving us very dull. 

24th. A heavy old fashioned Southerly storm, wind very heavy . . . 
rained hard all night, . . . day dark, dull, and long. Mr. West [Rev. Dr. 
West, of Hollis St. Society] called on us, and daddy several times. He, daddy 
[Samuel May, her father], has sent me three cords of wood, sawed and piled 

it for me, put up my bacon, &c In the afternoon brother came, 

and brought me the image of my friend [portrait of her husband, CoL 
John, in the military dress of the period, supposed to be by Stuart, since 
the death of Miss C. A. May deposited in the Antiquarian Hall at Worces- 
ter]. What a present ! the most welcome he could have made me, unless 
it had been the original himself. With it [came] brother Shandy's, which, 
he says, may serve as a sort of foil to the other. Much praise is due to the 
painter. He has done his work well, and I don't wonder he says his hall is 
stripped of its greatest ornament. Brother has promised he shall have it 
again, after it has made me a visit. 

Tuesday [May] 5th. Dark dull morning. Rose early to help Ruth 
warp, and put a piece in the loom 

Wednesday 6th. Mr. West called to see me and my picture. 

Thursday 7 th. Fast-Day. Attend all day. Mr. Eckley led our devotions, 
and in a very serious engaging manner. In the afternoon entertained by 
the divine West, whom it is a pleasure to see and musick to hear — from 
whose lips drop serious and important truths with so much ease, and yet 
with so much energy that they must turn a deaf ear who are not 
entertained 

Sunday, 10th. Brother Joe brought me a letter which 

had laid in the office since Wednesday evening, when Mrs. Breck got hers. 
Brother Isaac [Davenport] sent for mine, but the post-master denied there 
was one. 

Saturday [May] 16th. Mr. Cobb called to tell me of the safe arrival of 
my friend in Baltimore. 

Monday, 18th. Engaged in baking and hackling yarn. 

Tuesday, 19th At 7 Mr. P. Parker arrived at our wharf loaded 

with fresh and corned salmon, and the gentlemen from far and near flocked 
around the boat like flies about a molasses hogshead in August. 

Daddy sent for me to take an airing with him. I cheerfully 

accepted. A delightful ride round the [Jamaica] Pond My good 

neighbors Tuckerman and Cunningham and Major Davis called to see me. 

Preparing the children for election . . . they crazy after they 

know not what. 

Friday, 29 th. A long web of mine to whiten and weave. 

Monday, June 1st. [Artillery Election-day.] Sent Hannah to carry 
the little girls to the common. They returned safe, but tired out, and that 

we all are Have received another letter which has done me good, 

and determined me to write at all events. 

Friday [June] 5th. President Wheelock [of Dartmouth Col. where 
her son Frederick then was], his handsome nephew, and Mr. Ticknor here 



1876.] Col. John May's Journey to the Ohio Country. 47 

in the evening Cut out my girls' gloves, set them to work, and 

left them to take care of the house. 

Sunday, 14th. Afternoon, all hands went, and the house was locked. 
After reading and catechising the children, went into mammy's, and drank 
tea with brother Joseph and aunt Williams. 

17th. Mr. Ticknor came and breakfasted with me. Sister 

Dawes dined with me, and towards evening we adjourned to Polly's [Mrs. 
Davenport] and drank tea. 

Afternoon, we had father of who rolled and 

bellowed as if he had the ma-Ie-yrubbles, or, as many thought, as if he were 
in liquor. 

Saturday, July 4th. The day ushered in by ringing of bells as usual, 
and concluded with demonstrations of joy and hilarity to which we are 
accustomed. Our girls attend the orations. 

Wednesday, 8th. Getting the boys ready for visitation, which came in 
proper time, and was attended by a large company of our first characters ; 
and those who speak their impressions say that Mr. Ticknor and his scholars 

bore away the laurels of the evening The girls making gloves for 

their aunt Archbald. . . . 

Sunday, 12th. Agreeably entertained by Mr. Stillman. 

July 16th. Spent the forenoon in writing to President Wheelock and 
Fred,* by Mr. Kirkland who brought me letters. 

Saturday, 18th. A gentleman came in who said he had a letter for me 
from Marietta. Oh, how my heart leaped for joy ! Disappointment, instead 
of a cordial from my friend, I find an old letter from Col. Batelle ! 

July 29 th. All meet with Misses Byles. Had an agreeable visit 

On my return, found a letter, to my great joy. But am distressed when I 
think of the hardships and dangers he has encountered ; but will strive to 
possess my soul in calmness, recommending him to the care of that universal 
parent whose arm is not shortened, nor his ear heavy — an ever present help 
in time of trouble. 

30th. Girls at Noddle's Island. 

Aug. 14th. Mrs. Breck has a letter which she sent me to read. 

Monday, 17th. Sitting busy with my needle, who should come in but Mr. 
Leach, with a packet that afforded me a feast indeed. Mrs. Breck, after 
dinner, came up with hers, and we enjoyed our letters together. 

20th. Brother Cravath brought me a letter which gave me very mixed 
sensations. Was rejoiced to know my friend was well but twenty days 
before ; but deeply grieved he should be kept in ignorance of the state of 
his family, which is so dear to him, — especially when I had taken so much 
pains and pleasure in forwarding particulars to him. 

August 26th. Harry Wplliams] called to tell me Mr. Walcott is going 
to Marietta. Gladly embrace the opportunity to write to my friend. 

September 1st. A large kettle of yarn to attend upon. 

September 2nd. Lucretia [Dana] and self rinse out through many 
waters, get out, dry, attend to, bring in, do up, and sort 110 score of yarn 
.... this with baking and ironing. 

The journal ends as abruptly as the other, with Friday, September 5th. 
Meanwhile, Col. John, on his journey to Marietta on the Ohio, across the 

* Frederic May grad. H. C. 1792, died in Washington, D. C, 1847. Mr. Kirkland was 

afterwards the Rev. Dr. Kirkland, president of Harvard College. 



48 Col. John May's Journey to the Ohio Country. [Jan. 

then wilderness of Pennsylvania, with his partners Messrs. Breck and 
Downer, on horseback most of the time, so ill he could not eat, after 
encountering any amount of fatigue from roads so bad that the horses were 
mired up to their bellies, and infinite trouble from the almost impossibility 
of procuring wagons to transport their merchandise ; finding the season 
about 20 days later than it was the year before, when he was in that region ; 
hearing on the' road of fearful outrages and massacres by the Indians in 
the region to which his steps are bent ; in short, after every imaginable 
experience from bad fare, bad air, and bad lodging ; but having had " one 
notable breakfast at least of coffee, bacon, mackerel, bread and butter, and 
buckwheat cakes"; after these and diverse other experiences and adventures, 
Col. John had passed the " Forks of Yah," and arrived at Redstone, a place 
about 1 6 miles up the Monongahela. In crossing the Laurel Mountains, the 
snow two inches thick, and the ground very frosty every morning. It was 
now Saturday, May 23d, and arriving at Kirkendall's, thoroughly tired out, 
he was obliged to take for a sleeping place an old log house, with three beds 
on the floor, and eight people to sleep there as they could; but whatever he 
might think of his lodging, he was soothed to sleep by the barking of dogs 
and the howling of wolves. Talking with the people he finds them much 
frightened by the cold weather. 

And now comes the culminating disaster of the season. He had arrived 
out at Pittsburg, but there, hearing nothing of his partners or of the wagons, 
after a while, all sick and weary as he was, he threw himself on horseback, 
and retraced a considerable portion of the way to find them and hurry them 
forward. On the 3d of June, having found them, and stopping to feed after 
a stage of the journey, news comes of an appalling nature; — "a violent 
hurricane near the Redstone last Saturday" — "half the trees on the 
Alleghany Mountains blown down," they learn. By and by, on the next 
day, ahead of the wagons he reaches the "outskirts of the devastation" — 
" such a scene as it was !" " what had been a dense forest of lofty trees thrown 
down, half of them, in a thousand ways" — a "black walnut tree that was 136 
feet high, three feet through, sound and thrifty as tree could be, broken short 
off 5 ft. 3 in. from the ground, the small limbs mere crumbles, and the 
larger ones broken into fire wood" — near by a house unroofed, and the 
orchard and other trees in the vicinity prostrate. He tries to force a passage 
through, a farmer of the region going ahead, and endeavoring to clear the 
way with an axe ; but after penetrating a quarter of a mile, they find it will 
be of no use to make further attempts — they could not work through without 
long delay ; and so " the prospect of all his plans failing, his nerves are shook 
to pieces, and he goes to his bed sick, sick." He " stood, 'looked, then 
turned," lifted up his voice and wept, " O God, how infinite art thou, how 
frail and weak are we !" " Forty-three days of wearing anxiety, of almost 
incessant fatigue, and here at last shut out." 

The result is, all their plans must be changed. They turned down to a 
place called Little Redstone, purchased an old " Kentuck boat," put their 
goods aboard, and there, owing to the lowness of the waters, were obliged 
to stay for weeks. After a time, finding there is not enough for them all 
to do, they dissolve partnership, and Col. May working along little by little 
as he is able, brings up at last at Wheeling, Virginia, on the Ohio ; and 
there taking ginseng and skins of various kinds for money, stays till late in the 
Fall, when he once more retraces his way homewards, and 16th December 
arrives back again in Boston. He had had a hard, at times almost despe- 
rate, struggle in trying to " hold Colley by the tail " [melancholy by the 



1876.] Col. John May's Journey to the Ohio Country. 49 

tail], sick most of the time, three months and more from home before he 
got his first letter, making one excursion through the woods on foot, with 
others, the crowing of the cocks, signals made by the Indians, on every side 
apprised them that bands of savages were surrounding and watching them ; 
but he was not to be conquered; he might be "cast down," like the apos- 
tle, but was of too tough stuff to be " subdued." 

Near the close of this season of trials and disappointments, musing in the 
solitude of the night in his lonely shanty by the banks of the Ohio, we find 
him indulging in the following train of meditation : 

" But I will not complain of my lot ; for was I not like the rest of my race, 
born to trouble, even as the sparks fly upward ? Whither can I flee from 
the hurry of business, or whither shall I go from anxiety and care ? If I 
go to the Western waters, behold it is there ; if I return to Boston, lo it is 
there ; if I take the wings of a ..ship, and escape to the uttermost parts of 
the sea, even there still its hand will lead me, and its right hand shall hold 
possession of me. So, on the whole, it is best to keep on attending to duty, 
not fretting with what cannot be helped, and seeking to be content with 
what is allotted. However, it is much easier to talk about resignation than 
to practise it. 

Col. May lived nearly twenty-three years after this, dying at his home 
at the North End, in the midst of the war of 1812, at a time of complete 
prostration of business in Boston, when ships were literally " rotting g,t the 
wharves," but continuing an indefatigable worker to the very last. 

On the morning of his last day alive, he arose earlier than his wont, and, 
in rather better spirits than usual, washed, went to the barber's and to the 
market, and sent home his purchases. After breakfast, of which he par- 
took with good relish (so wrote his widow to her daughter Mrs. Edes, then 
living in Providence), "he went into the garden, pulled up weeds, and cut 
down some tansy he found growing there. After that he went out again, 
and made more purchases, sending home vegetables, strawberries and cher- 
ries. Thence (being one of the Selectmen) he went to lay out a street for 
the pavers to work on ; and was here joined by a number of friends and as- 
sociates, who invited him to go up to Faneuil Hall with them (it being then 
about 11 o'clock). He replied, he must first go to the wharf, and then 
would join them. W. R. [William Rufus, one of his sons] was employed 
there with laborers dismantling a brig, and putting a roof over the decks. 
He stood and talked with them some time, and then retired to his counting 
room." In half an hour more he was found by his son lying under his 
desk insensible. Help was rallied at once, and he was sent home in a car- 
riage. Dr. Ingalls, who happened to be near at hand, plied him with resto- 
ratives suitable to the case, and Dr. Warren, his family physician, was at 
once sent for ; but to no favorable result. He continued to sink, and at 2\ 
on the morning of July 1 6th breathed his last. 

Thus ended a life of great activity and energy, not crowned with so great 
success as many, but having its hearty enjoyments and satisfactions for all 
that; never degenerating into moping and despondency, let what would 
happen. Thus passed away from the world a man, who if, — like our New- 
England climate, — having rigors and rough points which might try those 
who approached him sometimes, had also his many virtues, not the least 
of which was his kindly and generous nature. 

vol. xxx. 4* 



50 Early Settlers of West Springfield. [Jan. 



EARLY SETTLERS OF WEST SPRINGFIELD. 

Transcribed from the Parish Records of the First Congregational Church, by 

Lyman H. Bagg. 

[Continued from vol. xxix. page 289.] 

17. The 17 th Lot is to Francis Ball. Quantity ten acres Length 80 
Rods Bredth 20 Rods, bounded on the North by Pelati. Jones. 

18. The 18 th Lot to Cap" Ball ten acres, length 80 Rods Bredth 20 
Rods, bounded Notherly by Francis Ball. 

19. The 19 th Lot is to Jams Tailer Sen r ten acres Bredth 20 Rods 
length 80 Rods Bounded notherly by Cap" Ball, Southerly by a highway 
four Rods wide. 

Then lyeth the high way four Rods wide. 

20. The 20 th lot Is to John Ely Quantitye ten acres Length 80 Rods 
Bredth 20 Rods, bounded North by the high way. 

Att a meeting of the proprieters Legaly warned Janu r 16 th 17§y Left. 
John Day chosen Moderator Att this meeting It was voted that the 
lot which was drawn by Christian Vanhorne & by him Released (bounded 
Northerly by John Ely south by Jn° Lenord and in Number the 21 lot) 
should be & is given to Sam 11 Ely And shal be to him in lew of the lot 
that he Drew which land is in the Division at the top of the hill which 
lot is in Quantitye ten acres And the Last lot is to John Lenord Bounded 
on the North by Sam 11 Ely : And containeth all the Remainder of the land 
belonging to that division which is yet undisposed off of the land granted 
to be laid out into whom lots. 

Jan y 16 th 17f °. Att a meeting of the propriety It was voted that Eben r 
Scot have his lot which is belongeing to him In that Division att chickely 
on the east.side of the way on the Brook next to his own whom lot. 

Voted that M r Patrick Marshal have a lot provided for him according to 
the condition in the grant made by the town to provide for such as Came 
to us. 

Voted that John Bag jun r have his lot on the north side of his fathers 
lot on the east side of the Comon Rhoade in Chickely tear of division. 

Voted That the land that is to be divided to those persons for whom we 
are to provide lots for : be distributed by a comitey. 

And Serja" Bag W m Scot and Cap" Downeing ware chosen to be the 
Comitey for the worck to divide the s d land to them for whom we are to 
provide lots for. 

Voted That The heyres of Richard Excel have a lot divided to them. 

Memorandum. Febr 28, 17f^. Ebenezer Scot hath his lot or his ten 
acres laid out to him according to the Above vote it is Bound Easterly 
By his own land westerly by lands of John Fowler & James Tailer: 
Northerly by the high way & Southerly by the top of the hill so as to 
Include & take all the swamp on dorbeys Brook Ranging with Fowlers 
land. 

Memorandum ; Haveing drawn for the Lots. 

Ano Jan. 30 th 17§£. The lots in the first divisions ware laid out by the 
town Measurer : But the Rest of the land was laid out by the Commitey 
according to the vote of the proprieters who chose men to lay out & divide 
the land according to their order. 



1876.] Early Settlers of West Springfield. 51 

And all the lots folowing ware appointed and laid out by the s d comitey 
who to gether with the Town Measuerer have laid out the s d land in manner 
as is hereafter Recorded. And the lots are divided first to the petitioners : 
and then to Such as Come to Inhabite & dwel in this precinct according to 
to the vote of the town ; And every lot Respectively is laid out according 
to the order and appointment of the commitey. 

An Acount of the Divideing of the Land Below Aggowam River 
Janu^ 21 17J£. 

And first with Respect to the high ways There is a highway Ten Rods 
wide that Runs away south east acros the land which is to be laid out. for 
the conveniency of out let from Sam 11 Coopers — And the lots west to aggo- 
wam will But on the said high way And from the s d Cros high way ther 
is laid out a highway twenty Rods wide which goeth from aggowam toward 
westfield and the lots But on each side the high way : by the Commitey : 
Ordered. 

1. and the first lot on the east side of the said small high way is divid- 
ed to Left John Day And is in Quantity ten acres About seventeen Rods 
wide bounded on the north west Partly by the high way and Comon land & 
partly by the land now Sam 11 Bodorthas, and is in length about one hun- 
dred Rods extending from the old grants or whom lots belongeing to aggo- 
wam and buts on the said small high way. 

2. And the Next lot Is to John Day Jun ten acres bounded by his 
father on the northwest side and is in length about one hundred Rods Bredth 
sixteen Rods the land is In length from the high way to the whom lots 
att aggowam. 

3. The third lot is to Sam 11 Day Jun r ten acres being in length about 
one hundred Rod from the way to the lots att aggowam : & in width It 
is sixteen Rods, bound by John Day Northwest. 

4. The Next Lot is to Deacon Barber Deceased ten acres In length 
from the way to the whomlots A bout one hundred Rods, & sixteen Rods 
wide bounded by Sam 11 Day on the northwest. 

5. The fifth Lot is to Tho 8 Barber Deceased ten acres In Length from 
the whom lots to the high way one hundred Rods, width sixteen Rods. 

6. The sixth lot is to Joseph Lenord ten acres. Length from the high- 
way to his own land 5 6 Rods width from to the top of the hill below 

the bro brook att the end next the way about 38 Rod wide. 

Ther is three lots that ly west which are divided to Joseph Bodurtha jun r 
Tho 8 Bodurtha and Benjamin Bodurtha each ten acres which extend to 
the end of that division. 

One that side of the great high way which is Southerly the lots begin to 
Number next to aggowam ; or easterly & goe westward. 

1. The first lot is to James Stevenson Sen r & is in Quantitye ten acres : 
lyeing in length 100 Rods by the little highway & 16 Rods wide by the 
great high way that goeth toward westfield. 

2. The second lot is to James Stevenson Jun r & is in Quantitye ten acres 
100 Rods long& 16 wide. 

3. The third lot is to Gersham Hail Sen r ten acres one hundred Rod 
long from the street to the Comon and sixteen Rod wide. 

4. The fourth lot is to Benjam 11 Hail ten acres one hundred Rod long 
and Sixteen Rod wide. 

5. The fifth lot is to John Barber ten acres one hundred Rod long & 
Sixteen Rod wide. 



52 Early Settlers of West /Springfield. [Jan. 

6. The Sixth lot is to Josiah Lenord John Hail ten acres one hundred 
Rod lon^ and sixteen wide. 

7. The Seventh lot is to Isack Frost ten acres from the highway to 
Sara 11 Coopers land it is in length sixtey Rod & in width twenty seven Rod. 

8. The eighth lot is to Sam 11 Cooper ten acres In length sixtey Rods & 
in Bredth twenty seven Rods. 

9. The ninth lot is to Joseph Coulton ten acres In length sixtey Rods & 
In Bredth twenty seven Rods. 

10. The tenth lot is to John Fowler jun r ten acres In* length eighty Rods 
& In Bredth twenty Rods. 

11. The eleventh Lot is Eben r Lenord jun r ten acres In length eighty 
Rods and in Bredth twenty Rods. 

12. The twelfth lot to Benjam 11 Ball ten acres In length eighty Rod and 
in width twenty Rods. 

13. The thirteenth lot is to John White ten acres In length eighty Rods 
& in width twenty Rods. 

14. The fourteenth lot is to Dan 11 Coley ten acres In length eighty Rods 
& in width twenty Rods. 

15. The fifteenth lot is to John Stevenson ten acres In length eighty 
Rods & in width twenty Rods. 

16. The 16 th Lot is divided to John Frost ten Acres 80 Rods Long 20 
Rods Broad fronting on the Rhoad that goeth to Westfield. 

17. The Next lot is to Richard Excel Ten acres 80 Rods Long 20 Rods 
Broad. 

18. The eighteenth lot is to Caleb Parsons ten acres Butting on the 
great highway that goeth to westfield. 

Memorandum That the Comittey order that the highway which is 
specified on the other side to be Between Sam Millers 2 lots Is wrong and 
the highway is to ly Below Booth those lots between Sam 11 Frost & Sam 11 
Miller. 

Jan y y e 21 17ff. 1. The first Lot on the North side of the street which 
is twenty Rods wide and goeth towards westfield Is Divided And Ordered 
by the Comitey to be unto Joseph Lenord Sen r Deceased Quantity ten 
acres Bounded by the highway on two sides (viz.) Notherly or rather 
North east & Southerly or South east, on the easterly side 40 Rods on the 
southerly side About 54 Rods And westerly 22 Rods. 

2. The Second lot is to Sam 11 Lenord Deceased Quantity ten acres ; 
By the high way 44 Rods and in length [About] the high way to the hill. 

3. The third lot Sam 11 Bodurtha Sen r Ten acres fronting on the high 
way. And bounded on the Reear by the Brow of the hill or Land Be- 
longeing to the Lenords. 

4. The fourth lot is to Jams Mireck jun r ten acres In length 50 Rods. 
Bredth 32 Rods. 

5. The fifth lot is to Patrick Marshal ten acres bounded easterly by 
James Mirek In length from the highway to Benjam 11 Lenords land 54 
Rods and in width 30 Rods. 

And in the next Place the lots are turned faceing westerly. 

1. And the Lot Next the Corner is to Joseph Bodurtha jun r Deceased 
Ten acres In length lyeing easterly 30 Rods Butting against a high that 
lyeth Notherly 20 Rods wide The high way that the lot fronts against run- 
eth a Cros the Plain Notherly & Southerly this lot is 80 Rods long and 
20 Rods wide. 



1876.] Early Settlers of West Springfield. 53 

2. The next lot is to Joseph Miller ten acres fronting on s d high way 
Runeing easterly to Benjam 11 Lenords land In length 80 Rods & is in width 
20 Rods. 

3. The third lot from the Corner is to Ensighn John Miller ten acres 
80 Rods long & 20 Rods wide Buting on the s d highway & Runeing east- 
erly to Benjam 11 Lenords land. 

4 The fourth lot to Robert Old Sen r Ten acres 80 Rods long and 20 
Rods wide. 

5. The Next Lot Is to Jonathan Ball Jun r ten acres 80 Rods long 20 
Rods wide. 

6. Next is Eben r Lenord Sen* his lot ten acres 80 Rods long 20 Rods 
wide. 

7. Tho 8 Miller Sen r hath the Next Lot 10 acres 80 Rods long 20 
Rods wide, lyeing next to the highway goeing westerly from Benjam 11 
Lenords. 

In the next Place are the lots that ly on the westerly side of the way 
that Runs across y e Plain. 

1. And the first Lot Next to westfield Rhode is to Benjamin Miller 
10 acres Butting easterly on the s d highway Runeing westerly 80 Rods in 
length And 20 Rods wide. 

2. the Second lot from the Corner is to John huggin 10 acres 80 Rods 
long & 20 Rods wide. 

3. next is Jona th Old his lot 10 acrs 80 Rods long 20 wide. 

4. then Sam 11 Huggins his lot 10 acrs 80 Rods long 20 Rod wide. 

5. next Joseph Ball his lot 10 acrs 80 Rod long 20 wide. 

6. John Younglove his lot is 10 acres 80 Rods Long 20 wide. 
Next Abel Lenord Sen r his lot 10 acres 80 Rod long 20 D. 

Then a high way eight Rods wide Runeing westerly And on the North 
side of the said high way is laid out 2 lots each 10 acres to Hezekiah Day 
And to Milse [?] Morgan extending from s d high way to the Lenords land 
Hezekiah Days lot to ly next to Jonses dingle. 

Memorandum. Josiah Lenords land Runs up with a narow slip to his 
own land : But this land is originaley to John Haill as is his proper Right 
& corns to Josiah Lenord by exchang & so is John Hails proper lot And 
Josiah Lenords Proper lot is in that division of Land against chickebey 
field and Is accordingly Recorded to him. And it was a mistake that the 
sixth lot on the other side was entered to Josiah Lenord. 

The Land att Chickeby is Divided and Distributed as foloweth It is to 
Bee Remembred that ther is a high way twenty Rods wide from Dorbeys 
Brook to the upper end of chickeby field thru the midest of the land to be 
divided and the lots on Booth sides the way but on the street and the lots 
are Numbred begineing at the east side of the way going Northward from 
dorbey Brook. 

1. And the first lot in that division is to Sam 11 Frost which is fortey 
Rods wide att that end next the high way and is in length eighty Rods 
but is very Narow & comes almost to a point att the east end. Quantity 
ten acres. 

2. The second is to Sam 11 Miller jun r Quantity ten acres In length 
eighty Rods and in Bredth twenty Rods In the next place is a high way 
twenty Rods wide. 

3. The next lot on the north side of the high way is to Sam 11 Miller 
Sen r and is in length from the high way to the whom lots belongeing to 
chickebey. In width seventeen Rods Conteineing ten acres. 



54 Early Settlers of West Springfield. [Jan. 

4. The fourth lot is to Sam 11 Bodortha jun r ten acres Seventeen Rods 
in width and in length from the high way to the top of the hill. 

5. The fifth lot is to Sam 11 Tailer jun r Quantity ten acres In width 
seventeen Rods. And in length from the high way to the tope of the hill. 

6. The sixth is to Jonathan Bag conteineing ten acres and is In length 
from the high way to the tope of the hill and is in width sixteen Rods. 

7. The Seventh lot is to Sam 11 Kent ten acres In length one hundred 
& twelve Rods and in width It is fifteen Rods. 

8. The eighth lot is to Nath 11 Morgan sen r ten acres In length on 
hundred & twelve Rods width fifteen Rods. 

9. The ninth lot is to Serja* John Bag.'ten acres In width thirty Rods 
& a half, and fifty Rods in length. 

10. The tenth lot is to John Bag jun r ten acres In length thirty Rods 
& a half. Bredth. I am wrong The length is fiftey Rods. Bredth is 
thirtye rod & a half These two lots are in length from the high way 
to the Lands formerly given to John Bag In the next place is a high way 
twenty Rods wide. 

11. The next lot on the north side the high way is to Natha 11 Sykes and 
is in Quantitye ten acres in length nintey Rod — Bredth eighteen Rods. 

12. The twelfth lot is to Pelatiah Morgan ten acres In length nintey 
Rods. Bredth eighteen Rods. 

All these lots are on the east side the great high way. And stil con- 
tinueing on the east side the way. 

13. The next lot which is in Number thirteen from the begineing of this 
division is to Sam 11 Barker conteineing ten acres length one hundred Rods 
Bredth sixteen Rods. 

14. The fourteenth lot is to Jams Barcker ten acres In length one 
hundred Rods: Bredth sixteen Rods. 

15. The fifteenth lot is to John Petey ten acres In length from the high 
way to the field one hundred Rods and Bredth sixteen Rods. 

16. The sixteenth lot is to Josiah Lenord ten acres In langth from the 
field to the high way one hundred Rods Bredth sixteen Rods. 

17. The seventeenth lot is to John Rogers ten acres. Length on hundred 
Rods Bredth sixteen Rods. 

18. The eighteenth lot is to Henry Rogers Sen r ten acres which is thir- 
tey two Rods wide next the high way But at the end next the field it is 
very narrow It is about one hundred Rods in length. 

And then ther is a high way eigh Rods wide on the North side of the 
high way ther is a tract of About or near thirty acres which is divided by 
the comity to Natha 11 Morgan jun r Sam 11 Morgan and Eben r Morgan, each 
of them equaly to have his lot which land is bounded easterly By Nath 11 
Morgan Sen r westerly the high way Notherly By William Scot and South- 
erly By that high way that corns from the field. 

In the Next place is William Scots lot ten acres Bounded by his own 
land Easterly By the high way westerly By Morgans southerly and by 
Samuell Millers Land Notherly Including a slipe of land pointeing Nother- 
ly Between Sam 11 Millers land and his own land. 

There is two Lots divided by the Comitey to Gersham Hall jun r And 
to Nathaniel Bancroft each lot conteining ten acres Being the two last lots 
on the east side of the way or east tear lyeing at the upper end of the field 
By or on the Brook. It is to be Remembred that ther is a high way of 
four Rods wide on the Southerly side or below the s d two lots which high 
way Runneth from the field to the great high way. 



1876.] | Early Settlers of West Springfield, 55 

In the next place is an a Count of the divideing of that tear of lots on the 
west side of the high way or street And the Number begins from that end 
next dorbeys Brook going Notherly. 

1. and the first lot is bounded by Sam 11 Ball Southerly and is in width 
twenty Rods & In length Eighty Rods And is to Benjamin Stebbins Quan- 
tity ten acres and Then a high way twenty Rods wide. 

2. The next lot on the North side of the high way is to Charls Fery 
and is the second lot on that tear eighty Rod long, twenty rod wide ten acres. 

3. The third lot is to Benjam 11 Parsons ten acres In length eighty Rods 
Bredth twenty Rods. 

4. The fourth lot is to Tho 8 Miller jun r In width twenty Rods Bredth : 
Length eighty Rods. 

5. The next lot which is the fifth in that tear ten acres and by the 
Comity ordered to The Rev d M r Sam 11 Hopkins : Length eighty Rod : 
Bredth twenty Rods. 

6. The sixth lot is to Henry Rogers jun r ten acres In length eighty 
Rods Bredth twenty Rods. 

7. The seventh lot is to Joseph Bodurtha sen r ten acres Length eighty 
Rods from the street to the Comou. width 20 Rod. 

8. Joseph Barcker hath a lot divided to him which lyeth on the South side 
of the high way a three cornered peice Bounded on the high way or street 
easterly, westerly on his fathers land, formerly [?] Clement [?] 

And Then the lots are interupted by the land Now belongeing to the 
Barckers and ther is a high way twenty Rods wide on the Northerly side 
of the said Barcker land And now the lots shall be Numbred from the 
Notherly side of that high way : goeing Notherly. 

1. and the first lot on the north side of the said high way is to John 
Miller jun r * ten acres In length eighty Rod Bredth twenty Rods. 

2. The second lot is to Cap" Nath 11 Downeing ten acres in length eighty 
Rods. In Bredth twenty Rods. 

3. The 3 d lot is to Ebenezer Ashly Deceased ten acres Length eighty 
Rods. Bredth twenty Rods. 

4. The fourth lot is to Joseph Ashly Deceased ten Acres Length eighty 
Rods. Bredth twenty Rods. 

5. The fifth lot is to Oliver Barcker ten acres length eighty Rods 
Bredth twenty Rods. 

The Number is wrong The Seventh lot is the sixth & y e 8 th y e 7 th & so on. 

7. The seventh Lot is to Sam 11 Fery ten acres In length from the high 
way to the Comon 80 Rods and in width twenty Rods. 

8. The 8 th lot is to Jona th Bag jun r Quantity ten acres In length eighty 
Rod. Bredth twenty Rods. 

9. The ninth Lot is to Benj m Ashly ten acres In length eighty Rods. 
Bredth twenty Rods. 

10. The tenth Lot is to Josiah Miller ten acres In length eighty Rod. 
Bredth twenty Rods. 

11. The eleventh Lot is to Mark Fery ten acres In length eighty Rods. 
Bredth twenty Rods. 

12. The twelfth Lot is to John Hooker Bredth twenty Rods Length 
eighty Rods Ten acres Bounded Southerly by a high way twenty Rods wide 

13. The next Lot is to John Bodurtha Ten acres which is narow att that 
end next the high way & wider next the woods : & is bounded easterly 
partly By John Bag Sen r and partly By the high way : Length westerly 
eighty Rods. 



56 



Births, Marriages and Deaths in Dartmouth. [Jan. 



It is to be Remembred that the lots are wrong Numbred the 6 th lot is 

omitted & the seventh Put in the Place of the sixth and the 8 should have 

been the seventh lot & the 9 th the 8 th & the 10 th the 9 th & y e 11 th y e 10 th & 
y e 12 th y e n th & the 13 th lot is But the 12 th lot# 

Memorandum. That ther is a highway twenty Rods wide Between Mark 
Ferys lot and John Hooker to Run from the great high way westerly into 
the woods. 



BIRTHS, MARRIAGES AND DEATHS, FROM THE RECORDS 
OF THE ANCIENT TOWN OF DARTMOUTH, MASS. 



Transcribed for the 


) Register by James B. Congdex, Esq. 
[Continued from vol. xxii. page 69-j 

Births. 


, of New-Bedford. 


Spooner, Simson, 


s. of Isaac 


Jan. 12, 1699 


" Edward, 


s. of " 


Dec. 27, 1701 


" Mercy, 


d. of " 


April 22, 1707 


Waite, John, 


s. of Thomas 


Nov. 30,. 171- 


" Reuben, 


s. of " 


Feb. 7, 1713 


" Thomas, 


s. of " 


Feb, 29, 1715-16 


" Mary, 


d. of " 


April 5, 1718 


" Meribah, 


d. of " 


Julv 20, 1720 


" Mehitable, 


d. of " 


Nov. 18, 1722 


" Martha, 


d. of " 


April 6, 1725 


Slade, Ruth, 


d. of Joseph and Deborah 


April 14, 1762 


Pequit, Thomas, 


s. of James and Alice 


June 23, 1773 


" Lydia, 


d. of " " 


Aug. 17, 1775 


Claghorn, Prince, 


s. of Joseph and Elizabeth 


Aug. 22, 1752 


" Elizabeth 


d. of " " 


May 4, 1754 


Mosher, William, 


s. of James 


March 24, 1715 


" Timothy, 


s. of " 


Oct. 27, 1716 


" Jonathan, 


s. of « 


May 9, 1718 


" David, 


s. of " 


March 29, 1720 


u Jeremiah, 


s. of « 


June 16, 1722 


Sog Sarah, 


d. of John and Rebecca 


April 25, 1729 


" Thomas, 


s. of " " 


Feb. 25, 1730-31 


" Hannah, 


d. of " " 


June 6, 1733 


" Mary, 


d. of « " 


Oct. 26, 1735 


" Timothy, 


s. of " " 


Oct. 23, 1738 


Tripp, George, 


s. of John 


June 16, 1716 


" Timothy, 


s. of " 


Feb. 22, 1717 


" Ruth, ' 


d. of " 


April 4, 1720 


« Elizabeth, 


d. of " 


Aug. 23, 1722 


" Rebeccah, 


d. of " 


July 27, 1724 


'• Hannah, 


d. of " and Hannah 


Aug. 25, 1738 


" Mary, 


d. of " " 


March 20, 1741 


Gifford, Silas, 


s. of Adam and Ann 


Nov. 4, 1747 


" Peace, 


d. of " " 


Oct. 25, 1750 


" William, 


s. of " " 


July 28, 1755 



1876.] Births, Marriages and Deaths in Dartmouth. 57 



s. of James 

s. of " 



Tripp, Thomas, 
" William, 
" Timothy, s. of 
" Mary, d. of 

" Isaac, s. of 

Taber, Jonathan, Grand- 
son to Philip Taber, 
of Coaksit, minister, 

Taber, Margaret, d. of Jonathan and Robey 

s. of " " * 

s. of " " 

s. of " " 

s. of " " 



Oct. 9, 1710 

Feb. 27, 1712-13 

Oct. 22, 1716 

Oct. 14, 1720 

Jan. 2, 1726-7 



s. of Jonathan and Robey March 20, 1735 



Gardner, 



" Benjamin, 
" Peleg, 
" Eseck, 

[Note. — With each of these records the fact is connected that they were 
grand children of Philip Taber, of Coaksit, or Acoaksit, minister.] 



July 10, 1740 

May 20, 1742 

Feb. 20, 1747 

Jan. 27, 1751 

Nov. 5, 1755 



ibe 


r, Thomas, 


s. of * * Taber 


u 


Esther, 


d. of 


44 


a 

a 
a 
a 


Lydia, 
Mary, 
Joseph, 
John, 


d. of 
d. of 

s. of 
s. of 


44 
44 
44 
44 


a 


Jacob, 


s. of 


44 


44 


Jonathan, 


s. of 


44 


(4 


Bethiah, 


d. of 


it 


it 

it 


Philip, 
Abigail, 


s. of 
d. of 


44 
44 


a 


Sarah, 


d. of 


44 



Oct. 22, 
April 17, 
Aug. 8, 
March 18, 
March 7, 
Feb. 22, 
July 26, 
Sept. 22, 
Sept. 3, 
Feb. 
May 
Jan. 



1668 
1671 
1673 
1677 
1679 
1681 
1683 
1685 
1687 
1689 
1693 
1674 



[Note by recorder — the 4 th is last by mistake.] 

[The record is so worn that the name of the father of the foregoing 
twelve children cannot be ascertained. The name of the first (?) child is 
obliterated, but the entry that follows the above gives Thomas Taber the 
son of Thomas above .] 

June 28, 1701 

Feb. 24, 1702-3 

July 9, 1704 

March 6, 1709-10 

Nov. 12, 1711 

Dec. 4, 1714 

July 5, 1719 

(son of Joseph) & Ruth Nov. 5, 1745 

May 7, 1748 

Sept. 1689 

Jan. 1, 1691 

Dec. 30, 1692 

Jan. 1, 1694 

Jan. 23, 1697 

March 12, 1699 

March 29, 1702 

May 23, 1704 



Taber, Pricilia, 


d. 


of Thomas 


" Jonathan, 


s. 


of 


" Amaziah, 


s. 


of " 


" Esther, 


d. 


of " 


" Mary, 
" Samuel, 


d. 

s. 


of " 
of « 


" Seth, 


s. 


of " 


" Peace, 


d. 


of Thomas 


" Ruth, 


d. 


of " 


Akin, Davin (?) 


s. 


of John 


" Susan, 


d. 


of « 


" Deborah, 


d. 


of " 


" Timothy, 
" Mary, * 
" Hannah, 


s. 
d. 
d. 


of " 
of " 
of " 


" Thomas, 


s. 


of " 


" Elizabeth, 


d. 


of " 


VOL. XXX. 




5 



58 Letter from Col. Ethan Allen. [Jan. 

Aug. 1, 1706 

Oct. 17, 1708 

May 18, 1715 

Dec. 2, 1717 

Sept. 27, 1718 

Aug. 6, 1720 

Dec. 7, 1700 

May 12, 1703 

May 22, 1705 

April 2, 1707 



Aken, James, 


s. of John 


" Judith, 


d. of " 


" Benjamin, 


s. of " 


" Ebenezer, 


s. of " 


" Susanna, 


d. of John and Hannah 


" Elihu, 


s. of " " 


Spooner, Jemima, 


d. of William 


" Jane, 


d. of " 


" Elizabeth, 


d. of " 


" Micah, 


s. of u 



A LETTER OF COL. ETHAN ALLEN. 

Communicated by C. R. Batchelder, of Claremont, N. H. 

THE history of the following letter of Col. Ethan Allen, so far as it is 
here known, is short. Prior to the date of it, Col. Allen had, by the per- 
mission of Congress and the consent of the legislature of New-York, ex- 
erted himself to form a regiment of Rangers. Naturally he expected to 
command it. When the officers were elected, however, Seth Warner was 
made the colonel. Allen was offended. Under the influence of passion, 
he wrote to the governor of New- York. Not wishing to employ him, his 
brother and others, he enclosed the letter to Governor Chittenden, of 
Vermont. In some way this letter came into the hands of Benjamin Sum- 
ner, of Claremont, N. H., and has been preserved among his papers. 

"Ap 1 : 14 th 1781. 
" Sir, 

This with the intelegence of Cap*: Putnam will give your Exel- 
lency to understand that Col : Ebenezer Allen, Cap*: Jesse Sawyer, Lt. 
Nathaniel Holmes and myself are put out of Military Command in the 
state of Vermont — we are so Conceited as to Immagin that Vermont has 
not timber to supply our places — however this is a task Which Belongs to 
those Gentlemen in power to determin . . in the mean time propose to 
your Exellency not only for my self but those Gentlemen before Men- 
tioned to engage in the service of New- York . . we think the proposals 
honorable wheather Complied with or no. Not withstanding the here- 
tofore disputations which have subsisted between us and the Govern- 
ment of New-York we shall Esteam it the greatest happiness of our lives 
(lastly) to Defend the state of New- York against all her Cruel Envadors. 

I am sir with due Respect, 
To his Exellency Your Exellencys most 

Henry F. Clinton Humb 1 & Obed* 

Governor of the state Serv* 

of New-York. Ethan Allen." 



1876.] Church Records of Rev. Hugh Adams. 59 



CHURCH RECORDS OF THE REV. HUGH ADAMS. 
Principally at Oyster River Parish (now Durham), N. H. 

Communicated by the Hon. Samuel C. Adams, of West Newfield, Me. 
[Continued from vol. xxiv. page 29.] 

1719. Baptisms, &c. 

Nov. 1st. Elizabeth Davis, wife of L* Col. James Davis ; James Davis, her 
eldest son ; Ephraim Davis, her youngest son. 
" " Sarah Hicks. 
" " Hannah Chesley, wife of Philip. 
" " Hannah ) 
" " Elizabeth V Davis, Maidens. 
" " Phebe ) 

" 8. Joseph Kent, son of Joseph Kent. 
" 15. John Doe; Abigail Davis, wife of John; Mary Perkins, wife of 

Samuel, Francisca Perkins, their 2d Daughter. 
" 22. Thomas Footman ; Elizabeth Footman, his wife ; Francis, Tho- 
mas [and] Elizabeth Footman, their children. 
" 29. At the New Meetinghouse I baptized the children of John Doe 
and wife, namely : 
Daniel 

John I Doe. Adult 

Joseph ( their sons 
Benjamin J 

Mary 1 Adult 

Elizabeth > Doe, their daughters 
Martha ) a child in minority. 
" " Martha Doe, the adult daughter of Samson. 
Dec. 17. At a Lecture at Loverland, on account of her faith and engage- 
ment for its education, our sister Sarah Bennick, having an 
infant maid servant born in her house of a Negro father and 
Indian mother, had her baptized 

Mary Robinson. 
" 20. Elizabeth Davis, sister of David Davis. 
" 27. At Stratham, Joseph Merrill. 
1719-20. 
Jan'y 3. At Oyster River in Dover, Josiah Dun. 

" 11. At the Garrison House, second Falls, James Tilley, the infant 

son of James Tilley. 
" 17. Robert Huckins. 
Feb'y 7. Samuel Perkins. 

" 14. Jonathan Woodman and Elizabeth his wife, with John, Jona- 
than [and] Joshua Woodman, their adult sons ; Edward, 
Downing, [and] Archelaus, sons in nonage ; Mary, adult ; 
AJice, in nonage. 
" 28. Susanna Smith, wife of L* John Smith, and her children : — 



John Smith Ju 
Joseph Smith 



n r ) , 

[- of age 



60 



Church Records of Rev. Hugh Adams, 



[Jan. 



Smith 



Feb. 28. 

a u 

March 6. 



a it 



it 


17. 


a 


ii 


u 


20. 


il 


, a 


11 


a 


1720. 


April 

u 


10. 
24. 


u 


10. 


May 
Dec. 


1. 
25. 


n 


u 


11 


29. 


a 


u 


1720-1, 


Jan'y 


1. 


u 


8. 


u 


u 


a 


22. 


11 


n 


il 


28. 


11 


a 


Feb'y 


9 th 


a 


12. 


u 


19. 


March 2. 


u 


5. 


1721. 


April 
May 


30. 
21. 



Samuel 

Benjamin 

Ebenezer j in Nonage 

Winthrop J 

Hannah Smith, of age. 

James Gooden, of age. 

John Crommet and Mary his wife and their young children : 

Philip [and] Elizabeth Crommet, twins ; Margaret. 
William Pitman and Joanna his wife and their little children, 

Abigail, Dorcas and William Pitman. 
Samuel Willey and Sarah Willey his wife and their little child- 

dren, Samuel and Sarah Willey, and Sarah Williams, her 

sister's little daughter in their family ; William Willey, Mary 

Willey. 
Anne Knock, inf* dau r of James. 
Elizabeth Davis, inf 4 dau. of David Davis. 
Sarah Chesley, an aged Widow. 
Sarah Footman, Elderly wife of John. 
Margaret Stevenson, wife of B r Joseph Stevenson ; Joseph 

Stevenson, their infant son. 

John Willey, son of Wm. Willey. 

William Turner, formerly a strong Quaker, as his parents and 
education influenced him in Old England, but now a Christ- 
ian (I hope), servant to Philip Chesley. 

Abigail Hill, inf* dau r of Samuel Hill. 

James Head, illegit e son of Sarah Blanchard. 

Nath 1 Meder, Batchelour. 

Elizabeth Meder, his sister, Maiden. 

William, servant of Ruth Williams. 

Eliphalet, Patience and Abigail Hill. 

James Huckins, John Huckins. 

Daniel Misharvey, Sen r ; Daniel, Elizabeth, Mary [and] John 

Misharvey. 
John Rennolds. 
Jonathan Crosbey son of Jon a . 
Peter Dembo. 
John, Joseph, Nathaniel, Hannah, Elizabeth, Abigail, [and] 

Judith Davis, children of John Davis and wife. 
Wm. Jennison, 3 days old. 
Clement, Anne [and] Tamsen Misharvey. 
Mary Peveh, wife of Edward. 
Christian Willey, wife of John, Jun r . 
Anne Eliot, dau r of W m and Anne. 
Peter Mason and his daughters Hannah, Sarah and Mary Mason ; 

Isaac Mason, his little brother. 

Samuel Chesley. 

Caleb [and] Mehitabel Wakeham, children of Edward Wake- 
ham and wife. 
Thomas Jenkins, inf* son of Stephen. 



1876.] Church Records of Rev. Hugh Adams, . 61 

May 21. Deliverance Davis. 

" " George (killed by the Indians, 1724) [and] Elizabeth Chesley. 

" " Sarah, .Rebecca and Moses Davis. 

July 1 6. Mary Tompson. 

" " Temperance Follet, wife of Ichabod, and Abigail Follet her 



a 



daughter. 



30. Joseph Hix, and Sarah his infant dau. 
Aug* 6. Nathan Allen, infant of John. 

" " Jamima Small, W. of Jos., and Joseph Small her infant son. 

" " Judith Tasker, wife of John Tasker ; William Tasker, her inf* 
son ; Elizabeth Tasker, her daughter. 

" " Lydia Davis, maiden D. of David. 

" 13. Joseph Drew, Jacob Wormwood. 

" 14. Theodore, Thomas, Christian [and] Joanna Willey, children of 
John Willey Ju 11 and wife. 

" 27. At Portsm Old Meeting H. There and then I baptized Mary 
Sherburn, Infant dau r of James Sherburn. 
Sept r 10. Aaron Edgerly, Inf* son of Samuel. 

" " Azariah, alias Hezekiah Boodey, son of Zechariah Boodey. 

" 16. At Lower Falls, Lampereel River, Margaret Macdonel, Infant 
dau r of Robert Macdonel. 

" 17. Joshua Ambler, son of Eld. John A. 

" " Joseph [and] Abigail Perkins, ch n of Samuel P. 

" " Edward Small, y e first born child of Joseph and Jamima Small. 

" 28. John Rennolds, the little child of John Rennolds, his wife a 
Quakeress, not consenting. 

" " Mary Willey, Infant of Samuel Willey. 
Oct 8. John Sias, Jun r . 

" 13. Samuel Hill, Inf* of Samuel Hill. 

" 24. Elizabeth Durgin, wife of Wm. Durgin, in her childbed sickness, 
whereof she died about twelve hours after, had her infant 
baptized William Durgin. 

" 29. Wm. Wormwood and his wife Martha Wormwood. 
Nov. 19. Margaret Stevenson, Inf* of Joseph Stevenson. 

" 29. James BafFord, son of James Bafford. 
Dec. 3. Edward Leathers ; Thomas Leathers. 

" 21. Joseph [and] Hannah Catland, ch n of Lydia Catland. 

" 24. George Chesley ; Wm. Rendal, Batchelours. 

" 31. Robert Huckens, Jr. ; Sarah Huckens, his sister. 

1721-2. 
Jan'y 28. Benjamin Davis, John Buzzell. 

" " Elizabeth Bell ; Shadrach Bell her infant son. 

" " Margaret Buzzel. 
Feb. 11. Thomas Bickford. 

" 18. Henry Tibbits. 

" 25. Sarah Burnum, Dau. of John and Lydia Burnum. 
Mar. 12. Abigail Laskey, Dau. of John and Abigail Laskey. 

" 25. Thomas Willey, Frances Willey his wife ; Thomas [and] Ste- 
phen Willey, their children in minority. 

1722. 
April 1. John Buzzel, Sen r . 

" 8. Job Rennolds and Abigail his inf* child. 

vol. xxx. 5* 



62 • Church Records of Rev, Hugh Adams. [Jan. 

April 15. Sarah Williams, Dau r of John Buzzel. 
u " Love Nock, Infant of Eld, James Nock. 
" « John York, Infant of John York. 

" 26. Solomon Davis, a siDgle man 26 years of age, being sick, son of 
Moses Davis. 
May 13. Joseph Jones ; Joseph, Benjamin, John [and] Anthony Jones, 
adult sons; Elizabeth, Samuel [and] Richard Jones, their 
children in nonage. 
" " Jonathan Chesley and his Infant son Jonathan Chesley. 
" " Sarah Warner, Inf* of Daniel Warner. 
July 22. Mary Langley, dau. of James. 
" " Ezekiel Pitman, Inf* of William. 
« " Mercy Conner, Wid w of Job. 
" " Eleazer Davis, Inf* of Samuel Davis. 
Aug 1 12. Thomas Drew and Tamsen Drew his wife, they both being so 
(but profanely and idolatrously) baptized by a Popish Priest 
or Friar in their captivity, for which I had the warrant of 
Acts 19-3-5. 
" 19. Joseph Bickford, John Smith. 
Oct 7. Elizabeth Willey, Inf* dau r of William. 
Nov. 4. Samuel Williams. 

« 8. William Hill, Sen r . 
Dec. 21. Thomas Miller, Mary Greiers. 
" " Mary Elliot, wife of Francis ; John [and] Francis Elliot, Inf fc 

sons of Francis. 
« 30. Eleazer Bickford. 
1722-3. 
Jan'y 2. At Loverland, Elizabeth Doe, Infant Dau. of Samson Doe. 
" " Jeremiah Drisco, son of Cornelius. » 

" " Hubartus Matoon, son of Richard. 
" 27. James Davis, Widower. 
" " Susanna Durgin, Maiden Dau. of James. 
" " Samuel Mathes, Inf* son of Benjamin. 
" 28. Mary Gypson, dau. of James. 

" 30. At funeral of L* John Smith's (at Loverland) youngest son Win- 
throp, I baptized Jonathan [and] Trueworthy Durgen, sons 
of Susanna Durgin, wife of James. 
1723. 
April 14. On a fair, sunshining Lord's day, my infant Daughter, born on 
the 5th day (alias Thursday) of the week, being the 11 th day 
of the second month, April, was after the name of her father's 
Godly Mother and her own Grandmother, baptized Avis 
Adams. 
« 28. Sarah Pilsberry, Inf* Dau r of Nathan. 
May 5. Ebenezer Burnum, Inf* son of Lydia Burnum, the wife of John 
Burnum. 
" 19. Elizabeth Small, Inf* of Joseph and Jamima Small. 
" 26. John Stevenson, Inf* of Joseph S. 
" " Joseph Bickford, Inf* of Joseph and Alice Bickford. 



1876.] The Furness Pedigree. 63 



THE FURNESS PEDIGREE. 

Communicated by Mrs. Caroline H. Dall, of Boston. 

I1TAVING just discovered the following pedigree in a very frail Condi- 
's tion, I copy it and send it for publication, if it should prove unpub- 
lished. This pedigree is an original brought from the old country, and made 
out in circles. 

The possible future value of such papers is so great that I always has- 
ten to put them in print. The original was among the papers of the late 
Dr. Morney, of Providence, and is now in the possession of Albert^ P. 
Ware, of Andover. 

Sir Henry Furness of Waldershare, Co. Kent. 
I. George Furness, of London, merchant. 
I. Anne Furness, m. Mr. Williams, London, woolen draper. 
I. Elisabeth Furness, m. Mr. John Branch, of Sandwich. 
I. Sir Henry Furness, m. 1st and had : 

ii. Sir Robert, who m. three wives and had issue by his first wife 
Mrs. Balaam : 
iii. Ann, who married the Lord Viscount St. John and is since dead, leaving 
issue : 
iv. Lord Bolengbroke. 
iv. Col. Henry St. John. 
iv. John St. John. 
iv. Louisa, now wife of Sir Win. Bagot, Baronet. 

ii. Sir Robert Furness, m. 1st, Mrs. Balaam ; 2ndJ Lady Arabella 
Watson, by whom he had : 

iii. Henry, afterwards Sir Henry Furness, who died under age and unmar- 
ried. 

iii. Katharine, who m. the earl of Rockingham and afterwards the earl of 
Guildford, and has since died without issue. 

ii. Sir Robert Furness, m. 1st, Mrs. Balaam ; 2nd, Lady Arabella 
Watson ; 3d, Lady Anne Shirley. By his third wife he had : 

iii. Ann, d. in infancy. 

iii. Selina, m. Edward Doring, Esq., and since dead, leaving children : 

iv. Edward Doring. 
iv. Selina Doring. 

I. Sir Henry Furness, m. 1st [as above] ; 2nd, , by whom he 

had : 

ii. Matilda, m. Lord Edgcumbe, who had issue : 
iii. Lord Edgcumbe, d. s. p. 
iii. Commodore Edgcumbe, now Lord Edgcumbe. 

I. George Furness, of London, merchant, had issue : 

ii. Henry, d. int. and s. p. 

ii. Elizabeth, m. Pierce, d. s. p. 

ii. George, d. s. p. 

I. Anne Furness, m. Mr. Williams, woollen draper, of London, and had : 

ii. Anne, m. Richard Arnold. 

ii. Mary, m. Samuel Storke. 

ii. Elizabeth, m. Mr. John Overing, Boston, N. E. 

ii. Rebecca, d. in infancy. 



64 Instructions for Emigrants to South Carolina. [Jan. 

II. Richard Arnold and Anne Furness had : 

iii. Anne Arnold, m. Benjamin Barlow, who had : 

iv. Elizabeth Barlow, m. Mr. John Watkins, of Neuman et., 
Oxford Road. AI30, 
iii. Richard, ) 
iii. John, I oll A „ ^ 

iii. Henrietta, r all ^8.p. 
iii. James, J 

II. Samuel Storke and Mary Furness had: 

iii. Samuel, who had : 

iv. Samuel, d. s. p. 
iii. Ann, m. Thomas, in Token House yard, 
iii. Mary, living in Token House yard. 

II. John Overing and Elizabeth Furness, of Boston, N. E., had 
issue : 

iii. James, d. s. p. 

iii. Elizabeth, m. Dr. John Wilson, at Hopkinton, near Boston, N. E. 
She has a son and a daughter. 
One of these Wilsons m. Dr. Morney. There were more than two 
children. 

I. Elizabeth Furness, m. Mr. John Branch, of Sandwich, and had : 

ii. Ann, wife of Mr. Laythropp, d. s. p. 
ii. Deborah, wife of Dr. Braggs. 



INSTRUCTIONS FOR EMIGRANTS FROM ESSEX COUNTY, 
MASS., TO SOUTH CAROLINA, 1697. 

Copied by Henry F. Waters, A.B., of Salem, Mass., for the Register, from the original 

in his own possession. 

INSTRUCTIONS, given '[by a Company of such Persons in Essex in 
N.-Eng d ; who Intend to Remove themselves and {Families into South- 
Carolina] 1 unto M r Nicholas Chattwil: Lev* Thomas Rayment, M r Richard 
Walker, Will m Haskol, Jn° Edwards, Isa c Evleth, Adventurers. 

Gentlemen & Friends! 

You being Intended to Adventure in to South- Carolina, w th a Designe to 
Accomodate y r selves and ffamilyes w** 1 Lands for Settlement, in that 
Countrie: (And we being engaged by y e same subscription w th yourselves, in 
order to a Remove ; But your Concerns and Inclinations, Exciting you to 
Adventure now at this Time : we all wish Gods Blessing upon you, and 
Rejoice in your forwardnesse : hoping the Opp r tunitie may Prove a Benefit 
to the whole Companie.) 

Therfore Reposing Confidenc in your Love, mdelitie and Prudence : We 
do now Propose, That in your Attending upon your P r sonall Likeing and 
Settlement, you will Also have a Regaurd to such Incouragments as may 
Promoat the Remove of y e whole Company of Subscribers. 

The Recompenc you must Expect from us, must be but such a small 
Purse of Mony, as is now put into your hands, as may Enable you, in 
some Measure, to do the Businesse of y e Companie, w n you shall Arive in 
Carolina, as to your Transacting w to the Goverment there, w ch we Suppose 
will not be very Expensive. 

1 These brackets are in the original document. 



1876.] Instructions for Emigrants to South Carolina. 65 

You must not Expect that we can Ingage to defraye the whole Charge of 
y e voiage of your P r sons and Expences, but what money we now put into 
your hands, you must take up Contented w th itt : And as it will be Some 
Ease to your Travels, so we do Expect it shall be as a Comon Purse, and 
only for such Expences as shall Arise by service for the Company w n you 
are together ; Or in any case, as you w n ther shall think Meet, by a Major 
Vote, to Appoint any One or More of y r Persons, to the dispatch of Any 
such Service as may be for y e Generall Good and Benefit of y e Subscribers. 

And for our own [illegible"] and your Guidance in this Voiage, we think 
it meet and Convenient to Lay before you thes following Instructions. 

Imprimis. 

We do Pray and Request, that you Indaivour (and Let God help you) to 
Carry, and behave yourselves as good and Sober men : w ch we hope you 
Will : And that you will not Err from your former conversation, w ch we have 
observed to be Adorned w 01 Prudence, and Sobrietie : Indeed we do the 
Rather Propose this Caution, In that we have been Informed, y* many of 
N-Eng d going into that Countrie, have so Demeaned themselves, as that 
they have been a Scandal to N-Eng d And have been an offenc to the Sober 
and well minded in Carolina, and an Ill-Example unto others. Therfore we 
pray you will Remember you are in this voiage concerned not only for a 
worldly Interest, But (tho Remoatly yet Really) for the translating Christs 
Ordinances, and Worship into that Countrie : Therfore Hon r your God, 
your [ ] and y r Persons, by a good Behaviour. 

Item : When you are Arrived (and God send you a Safe Voiage) into 
Carolina, Take Exact Notice of the Countrie, so that you may be able to 
make a true Report. 

1 : Take good Notice of the Mann r s of y e People, and how they stand 
affected for y e Promoating, and Advanc of the Gospell Worship of God in 
their Countrie ; and so far as you can observe, whether the Body or any 
Considerable Number of y e Inhabitants seem to comply w th the Designe of 
y e Right Hon r able y e Gov r n r , and other Principle p r sons in the Collony in 
that Affaire ; if you find that they do, it will much Incourage o r Remove. 

2 : We would have you Curious in informing y r selves how y e Countrie is 
for Health : and whether y e Climate does Agree well w 01 the Bodyes of o r 
N-Eng d People. 

To think any Countrie on this side Heaven should have a Writ of Ease, 
and Securitie against Diseases or Death is but a vanitie : But whether that 
Countrie ma'nt be more Incident to Sicknesse, and the Decrease of y e 
Inhabitants then ours. 

3 : We would also have you Informe y r selves what you can, of such 
wholsome Lawes as are ther Estableshed : and what Civil means may be 
used for y e Restraining of Vice, and Ill-Manners; because some have 
Reported, that ther is no other Moral Evill ther punished, unlesse it be, 
Murther: But you finding Good and sufficient Lawes for the Terrour of Evill 
Doers, and the Gov'ment Zealous for y e Prosecuting Law for the Advancing 
vertue, and Soberitie Amongst the Lihabitants, it will be no small Argument 
in what steps we are yet to take towards a Remove. 

4 : Take an Exact Surveye of the Countrie. 

1 : As to the Soyle, whether it be Rich or Barren in itself: or whether 
here and ther some Rich Spot, and the Barrens are farr the Greater in 
Quantitie, or how it may be ? for tho we have had very Credible Information 
of yis and of many other p r ticulars yet y c Adventure being Darkned w" 1 so 



66 Instructions for Emigrants to South Carolina. [Jan. 

many Contrarie and we suppose false Reports, we are Desirous that you 
will be criticall and Also Judicious Observers ; that y e Collony may not be 
wronged, nor we mislead, nor w^out Sufficient Reason discouraged from our 
Adventure. 

2 : As to the Element of Water. What Depths y e Rivers and Inlets 
may be off; and what ships for Burden may Trade ther : Also be Exact in 
observing the fall of the tides; and what probabilitie ther may be for 
Mills, both for Saws and Grists. Dont forget to take Notice what Supply 
of water y e Inhabitants have for their dayley use : whether they are Blest 
w 4 * 1 sweet, clear, and flowing streams and springs, or w tb good and wholsome 
wels; Be carefull in this Point; because some have been so Confident to say 
they have not any good water in the Countrie: and Indeed good and 
wholsome and Plentifull water is so great a Blessing for the Life of Man ; 
that ther cannot be Expected any Long time of Life and health without it. 

3 : As to y 6 Productions of the Countrie. We think our selves and all 
men must be very full of humane Distrust if we or they should not Believe 
Carolina to be a Rich and Plentifull Countrie by what we have heard of it ; 
yet you being on this errant to satisfie your selves and us more fully in y e 
Matter ; Informe yourselves, whether all sorts of English Grains will thrive 
ther: And whether it is a Countrie that is likely to cheirish Propagate, and 
Maintaine English Grass : And Also whether any or all of thos great and 
considerable staples, of Indigo, Cotten, Silk, Wine and Oyle, will yeild such 
a good Increase, as will sufficiently Repay the paines, and Profit the 
Labourers : ffor tho the Country may have an Aptnesse to produce thes and 
such other Rich Comodities : yet the soyle may be so faint ; and y e Climate 
so disord r ly that Nature may faile mens hopes : Or whether y e8 things are 
Like to be bat the happie chanc of some few by Reason of a Luckie 
Settlement ? or whether they may be Likely to be univ r sall Blessings as the 
Result of good husbandrie, and of a sutable soyle and climate ? 

4 : As to Conveniencie for settlement. Whether y e Countrie will Admit such 
a manner of settlement of townships for neer-Neighb r hood, as in N-Eng d . 

That is : supposing that men will be contented w th a competent Quantitie 
of Land, and a comfortable Livelyhood, whether this may be expected w th y 6 
Injoyment of neer-Neighbours ? And that up in the Countrie wher men must 
expect to Live upon Stocks, Trades, and husbandrie. 

5 : We Advize that you take a perticular and peculiar Account how that 
Place called the Read-Banks is settled, or what condition that neck is in : 
if it may be sufficient for about one hundred ffamilies, more then what may 
be settled ther already w* 1 our ffriend and Neighb r Benj. Singleterry; then 
let us know it : and if you shall Judge it meet for y r selves, and us to settle 
ther then we are Contented: But if that and all other Places near the Sea, 
be filled or Straitned by Settlements ; then Let two or more of you go up 
into the Countrie to the higher Lands ; and if thos high and Mountenous 
Lands have the Benefit of Rivers ffor Transportation, and ther be good falls 
for Mils, and a heartie Soyle, and good Timber tho it be Threscore Miles up, 
Look out some good Tract ther, near some Navigable River. 

6: When you have sufficiently vewed the Countrie; and see Cause to 
determine upon a Settlement and a Remove for yourselves and families, and 
you Judge it meet and Behoofull for y'selves and us, then w n you have made 
Choice of a Good and Sufficient Tract, That you obtaine of the Right 
Hon r able y c Gov r n r ; that y° sd tract may be Reserved for us till 12 ve or 
20 tie Months shall Exspire. In w ch space we may Accomodate o r Affaires 
for a Remove. 



1876.] The Willoughby Family of New-England. 67 

7 : Having so done if any of your selves or any others of o r Subscribers 

now In Companie w th you, shall see cause to stay in the Countrie and Begin 

a Plantation, before the Body of us Remove, you shall w th out offence to 

the Rest of us, have Libertie to take up your home Lots, not exceeding 

fourtie Acres : But in such a manner as may Least Prejudice the whole : 

That is you must not cross w th your Lots upon y e ffront of a River : neither 

must you Straiten any grand outlet, &c. But w n you shall be together, and 

Judge most Convenient as shall be for the Good of the Whole, and for the 

• • • 

Comfort of such as do stay, so proceed, and it will not hinder but 

Encourage o r Remove and Settlement ther Also. 

8 : To conclude, hoping that you will Indaivour to satisfie us in all thes 
severall p r ticulers ; and Also y* you will Carefully Regaurd any thing else, 
w ch may be Materiall for y e gaining a True Carecter of y e "Countrie, w ch we 
have not here Inserted, being Loath to Incumber you w th too Large 
discourses ; we Therefore Leave all (und r Divine Providenc) unto your 
ffidelitie and Discretion. 

And so we have done, w n we have told you ; that we expect that you 
shall Esteeme and Respect M r Nicholas Chattwil, Cheif in all your 
Agitations ; and yet Also we expect and hope you shall p r forme the whole 
voiage in great {friendship and Love one to an other, and to and w th the 
Rest of our Subscribers in the voiage w tb you, both in your Ordinary 
Conv r sation, As Also upon the Disaster of any one P r son by Sicknesse or 
Any other Means. 

So Joyning w a you in our Constant and Most Ardent Prayers, to the 
King of Heaven, whose Service we trust you are now upon ; for all mann r 
of Sutable Blessings upon y e P r sons, and Affaires in all your Travells, and on 
your ffamilies in your Absenc. 

we Rest y r ffriends 

Jn° Wise 
In the name & w 01 y e Consent of the Companie 

This Memoranda 
To W m Haskol Sen r 

Purser for y e Company of Subscribers for y e voiage 

[Ipsw ch In ?] N-Eng d 
This: 9 th : 12°: 1696-7 



THE WILLOUGHBY FAMILY OF NEW-ENGLAND. 

By Isaac J. Greenwood, A.M., of New- York. 

" The Willoughbys, now in the United States, I have reason to believe 
are the heirs of the dormant Barony of Willoughby of Parham," is a state- 
ment* which, though made by so excellent an authority as the late Hon. 
James Savage, it would be doubtless very difficult, if not impossible, to sub- 
stantiate. Glancing hastily over the descent of this family, we find that 
Sir Christopher 1 Willoughby, who was knighted in 1483 and died 1498, had 
five sons : William, 2 who succeeded to the title of eighth Lord Willoughby 
of Eresby, Sir Christopher, 2 George 2 who married, Sir Thomas 2 ancestor of 
the Lords Middleton, and John 2 who also married. The second son Sir 

* Mass. Hist. Soc. Coll., S. Ill,, vol. viii. 310. 



Q8 The Willoughby Family of New- England. [Jan. 

Christopher 2 Willoughby, Knt. of Parham, co. Suffolk, was father of Wil- 
liam, 3 created iu 1547 Lord Willoughby of Parham, whose only son and 
successor Charles 4 matriculated at Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1551, being 
under 14 years of age, and died in 1603, having had six sons as mentioned 
below : 

i. William, 5 ob. v. p., whose son William, 6 knighted 1603 at Belvoir Castle, suc- 
ceeded as third Lord Willoughby of Parham, lived at Knath, near Gains- 
borough, co. Lincoln, and died Aug. 28, 1617, leaving three young sons 
the oldest not five years of age. The line terminated in his grandson 
Charles, 7 tenth Lord Willoughby, who died Dec. 9, 1679. 

ii. Sir Ambrose, 5 of Matson, co. Glouc, knighted 1603. His descendants being 
absent in the Colonies, failed to receive notice of the elder line's having 
terminated. In May, 1733, his gt. gt. grandson, Henry 9 Willoughby, 
Esq . , claimed the title, but it was not until March , 1757, that he succeeded 
as 16th Lord Willoughby of Parham. This nobleman, who died Jan. 29. 
1775, aged 79, was twice Master of the Company of Brewers, London, a 
Justice of Peace, and Colonel of 2d Regiment of Militia of the Tower Ham- 
lets. The line terminated on the decease of his nephew and successor 
George 10 Willoughby, Oct. 28, 1779,* aged about 31 years. In the petition 
presented to the House of Lords and claiming the title, it was stated that 
Sir Ambrose 5 Willoughby had an only son and heir Edward, 6 whose only 
son and heir Henry 7 went to Virginia about 1676, and there died at Hull's 
Creek, Nov. 26, 1685, aged 59, leaving an only son and heir Henry, 8 aged 
about 20 years, of whom the petitioner was the eldest son. 

iii. Edward, 5 whose son Edward, 6 ob. s. p. 

iv. Charles, 5 ob. s. p. 

v. Francis. 5 

vi. Sir Thomas, 5 knighted at Belvoir Castle, 1603. His son Thomas, 6 claiming 
the title on the decease of Charles, 7 tenth Lord Willoughby of Parham, 
was summoned to Parliament as his successor in 1680, and died Feb. 29, 
169£, aet. 89, leaving Hugh, 7 Francis, 7 Jonathan, 7 and four other sons. 
Hugh 9 Willoughby, grandson of Francis, 7 wasPres. of the Soc. of Antiq., 
and F. R. S., he died Jan. 21, 1765, unmarried, the fifteenth Lord Wil- 
loughby, and the title passed to his kinsman, the descendant of Sir Am- 
brose, 6 as above stated. 

From the above, it does not seem at all probable, that the father of the 
American progenitor of Willoughbys, who must have been born as early as 
1587, was at all connected with the titled family of Parham. There is a 
tradition, however, preserved in the family on this side of the Atlantic, that 
one of their race was a kinswoman and maid of honor to Queen Elizabeth. 
In the " Nugas Antiquae," may be seen some laudatory verses to the six 
gentlewomen attending the Princess Elizabeth at Hatfield House, during 
the reign of her sister Mary (1553-58), and whose names are given as 
Grey, Willoughby, Markham, Norwich, St. Loo and Skipwith. The latter 
was Bridget, daughter of Sir William Skipwith ( Sheriff of Lincoln, 1526) ; 
Miss St. Loo was probably connected with Sir William Saintlow, one of the 
Princess's household ; while Isabella Markham became the second wife of 
the enraptured poet.| There existed at this time a family of Willoughbys 
in Nottinghamshire, of some importance, and entirely distinct from the one 
we have previously considered : they were related to the Markhams and the 
Skipwiths, and through the Grey family were allied to the Princess Eliza- 
beth, whose second cousin Anne Grey, daughter of the Marquis of Dorset, 
married Henry Willoughby of Wollaton, son and heir of Sir Edward Wil- 
loughby, and nephew of Sir Hugh Willoughby, the Arctic navigator. It 

* The title has not since been claimed. 
+ Sir John Harrington. 



1876.] The Willoughby Family of New-England. 69 

would seem therefore that the American line of descent must be sought for 
in the records of this family, a pedigree of which, though very imperfect, 
may be found in Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire. 

Francis Willoughby, who came to New-England in 1638, with his wife 
Mary and young "son Jonathan, is alluded to by Hutchinson as " a gentle- 
man from England ; " he was a son of William Willoughby, who, we learn 
from Winthrop, " was a Colonel of the City," i. e. of London ; while from 
other sources* we learn that he was a native of Kent, and had been for 
some time commander of a vessel. This latter person appears to be 
identical with William Willoughby, who was a purveyor for ship-timber 
in co. Sussex, as early as 1628. Denzil Fleming, an officer of the 
Royal Navy, writing to Secretary Nicholas, August 11, states that 
Willoughby had laden a bark at Stopham, and was about to load another 
at Arundel, with timber for repair of the Victory at Woolwich, but, as the 
French men-of-war were very busy off that coast, he desired that some con- 
voy might be procured for the same. From this time forward, frequent 
mention is made in the Calendar of State Papers (so far as published) of 
William Willoughby, one of the Purveyors of Timber for his Majesty's 
Navy. In April, 1636, he, together with John Taylor, sent in a proposi- 
tion to the Board of Admiralty, for the raising of the Ann Royal, which, 
with all her ordnance and provisions, had recently sunk off the mouth of 
the Thames, and he is alluded to, immediately after, as one of the chief 
shipwrights engaged in the undertaking. 

A few years previous to this event, viz., in May, 1632, Gov. Sir John 
Harvey wrote to the Virginia Commissioners, recommending that Capt. 
William Tucker,f Mr. Stone, and Maurice Thompson,! should contract for 
three or more years, for all the tobacco of the growth of Virginia. In pur- 
suance of this advice, the latter gentlemen, together with Gregory Clements,|| 
Robert South, and others, merchants of London, shipped from the colonies 
during the summer of 1634, a cargo of 155,000 pounds of tobacco, worth 
15,500/., on the Robert Bonaventure, Richard Gilson, master, but unfortu- 
nately the vessel was taken by a Dunkirker, Capt. Peter Norman. To re- 
cover the same some 500/. were now expended in prosecution of law in 
Flanders, but to no effect, and when by Jan. 1636-7, the amount, including 
the value of the vessel and the accrued interest, had increased to 18,000/., 
the parties interested petitioned that Letters of Marque should be granted 
them to set forth the Discovery (300 tons, John Man, master), and the 
pinnace Despatch (100 tons, Samuel Lee, master), both of London, u to 
apprehend at sea ships and goods of the King of Spain or his subjects." 
The petition was granted April 4, 1 637, and by subsequent papers it appears 
that Capt. Trenchfield (afterwards of the Navy) and Mr. Willoughby were 
interested in the Discovery, and that four prizes of very great value were 
soon taken. 

Civil war having broken out, an ordinance was passed by Parliament, 
April 12, 1643, that the Committee for the Militia of London should raise 
regiments of volunteers, as auxiliaries to the trained bands of the city, for 

* King's Pamphlets, Brit. Mus., &c. 

f A commissioner and councillor of Virginia. 

j A Virginia merchant, member of the Guinea Company, and Commissioner of theSom- 
ers Islands : in Sept., 1659, he declined his appointment by Parliament, as a Commissioner 
of the Customs. 

|| A merchant and M.P. ; one of the King's judges, and executed after the Restoration ; 
vide Heath's Chronicle, p. 197. 

VOL. XXX. 6 



70 The Willoughby Family of N~ew- England. [Jan. 

the better security and defence thereof and of the Parliament, with power 
to appoint officers and to order said regiments to such places as they shall 
see cause. Mr. Willoughby forthwith raised a company of volunteers, con- 
sisting of a hundred " well affected and stout youngsters," whom he exer- 
cised at Gravesend until they were expert in the use of arms, and on June 
17 the H. of C. ordered that he continue in commaud of such soldiers 
as had enlisted under him, living within the Hamlets of the Tower, and that 
said soldiers be required, from time to time, to obey his command and not 
list under any other. Soon after this, " desirous to try what good service 
he could do to his King, the Parliament and his country," the Captain set 
forth from Gravesend towards Woolwich, where he found and seized sev- 
enty-five pieces of ordnance, in the carpenter's yard, called the wool-yard. 
" They had done more than they could justify," said a Mr. William Barnes, 
residing near Woolwich, which words having been reported to Capt. Wil- 
loughby, by some of his youngsters, he with forty of his men went to the 
house of Barnes, where they seized plate of the value of 1000 pounds, to- 
gether with some popish books and priests' garments. 

Information having been received, about July 1, of divers persons from 
Oxford, and other parts of the King's army, having crossed to and fro with 
their coaches, horses and arms, over the ferry at Greenwich, it was ordered 
by Parliament that Capt. W. should stop the passage of any vehicle to that 
ferry, by cutting a ditch on the west or river-side of the Thames, and that 
the Dept. Lieutenants of Kent and Middlesex should station a guard there 
to stop all horses, arms, ammunition and suspected persons, and to search 
such as they shall think fit, that endeavor to pass that way. 

Nov. 22, it was ordered by the Com. of the Militia of the City of London, 
sitting at Guildhall, of whom Capt. W. w r as the head, that the ordnance 
in the blockhouse at Gravesend should be removed to Tilbury Fort, in 
which was to be placed a strong garrison of men that might be confided in ; 
and three ships or more, of a convenient burden, were to be appointed to 
sail up and down, and scour the river above and below Gravesend. The 
following day, upon some fresh alarm, it was ordered that Greenwich Cas- 
tle and the blockhouses at Gravesend and Blackheath should be secured. 

During the succeeding year, Capt. Willoughby, with the rank of Colonel, 
at the head of a regiment known as the Regiment of Auxiliaries of the 
Hamlets of the Tower, was ordered, together with two troops of horse 
commanded by Cols. Heriott Washbourne and Underwood, to join Major- 
General Richard Brown, at Abingdon, Berks. This place, situated some 
fifty -six miles westward from London, was but seven miles south of the roy- 
alist stronghold at Oxford, and proved a great check upon all movements 
in that quarter. In October, 1645, the Committee of the Three Counties 
having reported that the forces, above specified, could then be spared, the 
Committee of the Militia of London suggested to the House of Lords 
(Oct. 10), that directions be given for their speedy return to the metropolis, 
and for the payment of their arrears. Col. Willoughby, however, appears 
to have been still stationed at Abingdon towards the close of December, 
when the Commons passed an order for the payment of 200Z., on account, to 
his regiment. 

On the 3d of April, 1646, he was one of the officers authorized by the 
House of Lords to execute martial law within the cities of London and 
Westminster and the lines of communication, and soon after composed one 
of a court martial for the trial of William Murray, Esq., as a spy. 



1876.] The Willoughby Family of New-England. 71 

During the succeeding year, information having been received, in July, 
of a design to seize upon Tilbury-fort, on the Thames river, the officers of 
the Trinity House were impowered by the House of Commons to take the 
care and custody thereof and of the Block-house at Gravesend, and to secure 
them for the Parliament. Ten months later, news reached the House of 
the formidable disturbance in Kent, immediately followed by the revolt of 
a large portion of the fleet, and the deposition of the Vice- Admiral, Col. 
Thomas Rainsborough, whereupon it was resolved that the orders of re- 
straint be taken off, as to the forces of horse and foot, stationed at the Mews, 
Whitehall, and the Tower, for guards of the Parliament, and that they be 
sent for the suppression of tumult into the county of Kent. Moreover, the 
Lord General Fairfax, who was also at the time Constable of the Tower, 
was requested to send reinforcements, and if necessary to go in person. 
June 16, 1648, a Council of War was held at Warwick House, to consider 
measures for reducing the revolted ships, at which meeting, besides the Earl 
of Warwick, who had been reinstated in his position of Lord High Admiral, 
there were present, Capts. Tweedy, Peter Pett and Andrewes, Col. Willough- 
by, Capts. Bo wen and Penrose, Mr. Smith, and Capts. Swanley, Ben. Crand- 
ley, Lymery and Phineas Pett. It was resolved " That as great a fleet as 
the Parliament shall think fit be provided, with all possible expedition, for 
the safety of the kingdom and the reducing of the revolters. That a letter 
be written, by the Lord High Admiral, to the Trinity House, to employ 
their best endeavors, for the manning of the ships of such a fleet, with cor- 
dial and well-affected men. That the Parliament be pleased to make a 
promise, by an ordinance, to those seamen, both Officers and Mariners, of a 
gratuity, suitable to the faithful and good service they shall do in this busi- 
ness." 

On the 27th of the succeeding month, the Committee of both Houses at 
Derby House, reported a letter of July 20th, from Tilbury, and also a peti- 
tion of Col. William Willoughby. Upon the reading of the latter before 
the House of Commons, it was ordered that the Colonel's accounts should 
be audited by the city-auditor, " and that he have the public faith of the 
kingdom for what shall appear to be due and owing to him," also that 800/. 
due, upon account, to the garrison at Tilbury, with interest at 8 per cent., 
be charged upon the excise, in course, and paid to said Col. William Wil- 
loughby, or his assigns. From this we may infer, that the Colonel had, at 
this critical juncture, been placed temporarily in command of the fort at 
Tilbury, opposite Gravesend. 

Jan. 8, 1647-8, the Committee of both Houses appointed Col. Robert 
Tichborne,* Col. William Willoughby, Maurice Thompson, gent., and sev- 
eral others, as a Committee for the Militia of the Tower Hamlets, said 
ordinance to be in force for two years from Dec. 20, 1647. Soon after, in 
recognition of their services, he, together with Mr. Thomas Smith and Mr. 
Peter Pett, were recommended to the Naval Committee, by the merchants 
of London, as persons fit and able to be employed as Commissioners for the 
Navy, and it was particularly requested that Col. Willoughby should person- 
ally attend at Portsmouth, and receive in recompense the fee of a commis- 
sioner at large. He was accordingly appointed by the House of Commons, 
Feb. 16, 1648-9, Master Attendant for Portsmouth, and a Commissioner 
of the Navy. 

* At the time Lieutenant of the Tower under the Lord General, and an Alderman of the 
City ; subsequently Lord Mayor ; he was a prisoner of state, after the Restoration, and died 
July, 1682, in the Tower. 



72 The Willoughby Family of New-England, [Jan. 

On Oct. 25, 1650, Gen. Deane, one of the Generals of the Fleet, wrote 
to Vice-Admiral Penn of the Irish Squadron, to repair forthwith, with the 
new frigate Fairfax, then commanded by him, into Portsmouth, there to 
careen and fit out said ship with all things wanted, " which," continues the 
General, " I have written to Col. Willoughby to get in readiness against 
you come." This was preparatory to Penn's service in the Mediterranean. 

But the Colonel's term of usefulness in this department was of short con- 
tinuance. July 11, 1651, it was reported to the House by Mr. Bond, from 
the Council of State, that Col. Willoughby was lately dead,* and that they 
recommended Capt. Robert Moulton, senior, in his place ; whereupon Moul- 
ton was appointed. At the same time it was referred to the Council of 
State to make payments to Col. Willoughby " of his monies ; which with 
great willingness and good affection, he laid out for defence of the river of 
Thames, in the time of the insurrections of Kent and Essex ; and of other 
monies due to him from the State." 

The Colonel's widow, Elizabeth Willoughby, left a will, dated London, 
May, 1662, mentioning her late son William (ob. s. p.) ; the six children of 
her son Francis, of whom Sarah was then the only daughter ; and her sisters, 
Mrs. Jane Hammond of Virginia, and Anna, wife of William Griffin of Ports- 
mouth. Mrs. Hammond's son Lawrence was the same person who, as 
Capt. Lawrence Hammond, was located in Charlestown, Mass. Colony, 
whose third wife was Margaret, widow of Dept. Gov. Francis Willoughby 
(his cousin), and whose eldest son was Francis Hammond. 

The name Hammond, or more correctly Hannam and Hanham,f may be 
found on the rolls of the Parliamentary Navy in 1659, in the person of 
Capt. Willoughby Hannam, of the " Kentish," who, retained in the service 
after the Restoration, was killed in action against the Dutch, May 28, 1672, 
being then in command of a seventy-four gun ship, the " Triumph." In the 
body of the church of St. Margaret Pattens, London, is a flat stone to Wil- 
loughby Hannam and his sister Frances, 1683-4, and Berry's Kent Genea- 
logies gives the descendants of this Capt. Hannam,$ through his son Jonathan, 
born at Andover, 1670, and died at Crondall, Hants, April 30, 1754. 

The original will of Mrs. Willoughby, sent out from England, was identi- 
fied by her son Francis, 23 : (12): 1662, at Charlestown, and filed 2:2: 
1663. A seal, attached to the signature, bears a chevron engrailed between 
three boars' heads. 

Concerning the son Francis Willoughby, much of interest may be found 
in Frothingham's History of Charlestown. Coming to New-England as we 
have stated, in 1638, with his wife Mary and infant son Jonathan, he was 
admitted an inhabitant Aug. 22, and joined the church during the following 
year (Oct. 10), from which time forward, till his death, he "was almost 
constantly engaged in the public service," and is always respectfully alluded 
to in the colonial records. He was a prominent merchant and did much for 
the improvement of the town. From a petition of 1 641 we learn that he 
and others had invested a great part of their estates in " building ware- 
houses and framing wharves," to facilitate the landing of goods, " not only 
from about home, but from further parts," praying that the Court would 
" appoint a certain rate of wharfage, porterage, and housing of goods." His 
wharves were on each side of the Ferry-ways, where he owned considerable 

* The Colonel left a will, a copy of which has not yet been received. 
t From Hanham, a small place, situated near Bristol, co. Gloucester. 
X Berry has given the name incorrectly as Capt. Jonathan Hannam. 



1876.] The Willoughby Family of New-England. 73 

property, and his ship-yard on the site of the Fitchburg railroad depot (or 
in Warren Avenue), where in 1641 he was engaged in building a ship, to 
encourage which enterprise, the town gave him liberty " to take timber from 
the common,* and without " being bound to cut up the tops of the trees." 
He was a selectman 1640-47; representative 1649-50; assistant 1650 and 
'51, 1 and set out, during the latter year, for England, doubtless to arrange 
the estate of his late father. Not long before his departure (in May, 1650), 
he was appointed one of a committee to draw up, within the next six months, 
a code of maritime laws for the colony. 

In June, 1652, war having been declared against Holland, Francis Wil- 
loughby, Edward Winslow 2 and Edward Hopkins 3 petitioned that they 
might be permitted to send a ship, with store of powder, shot and swords, 
to New-England, and to give notice to the colonies of the differences be- 
tween the Commonwealth and the United Provinces. The Committee for 
Foreign Affairs, in recommending that liberty be granted for the same, also 
suggested " that it be declared by the Council of State that, as the colonies 
may expect all fitting encouragement and assistance from hence, so they 
should demean themselves against the Dutch, as declared enemies to the 
Commonwealth." License was accordingly given, July 29, for the John 
Adventure, Richard Thurston, master, to proceed to Boston, with one ton 
of shot and fifty-six barrels of powder, in consort with the other ships bound 
the same way, and the receipt of this ammunition was acknowledged by the 
Commissioners of the United Colonies, in a letter of Sept. 24, 1653, to Mr. 
Winslow. 4 

Sir Henry Vane, jr., was now president of the Council of State, in which 
body was vested all the power formerly belonging to the office of the Lord 
Admiral ; whether Sir Henry favored the New-Englanders, over whom he 
had formerly ruled as Governor, cannot be precisely asserted, but several of 
the colonists obtained, about this time, excellent positions in the navy. Sept. 
28, 1652, the President reported from the Council of State, that they 
" having taken into consideration the necessity of settling some fit person to 
be a commissioner at Portsmouth, in the room of Capt. Robert Moulton, 
lately deceased ; and having received very good satisfaction of the fidelity 
and good ability of Capt. Francis Willoughby, son to the late Colonel Wil- 
loughby, late commissioner there, for that trust : do humbly present him to 
the Parliament as a fit and able man for the management of the State's 
affairs in that place, if the Parliament shall so think fit." Whereupon Capt. 
Willoughby was appointed one of the Commissioners at Portsmouth, in the 
place of Capt. Moulton, deceased, and with " like commission, power, au- 
thority, salary and other profits and commodities, as the said Capt. Moulton 
had, or was to receive or enjoy." On 8th March following Parliament 
" resolved that there be a Master of Attendant allowed for Portsmouth, dis- 
tinct from the Commissioner of the Navy, with same salary as other Masters 
of Attendant have," whence it would appear that Capt. Willoughby did not 
hold both these offices, which had been enjoyed by his father. 

From the recently published Memoir of Gen. Deane (see Register, xxv. 
299), we learn that the first intelligence of " the three days' battle off Port- 

1 Whitmore's Civil List gives 1650-55. 

2 Ex-Gov. of Plymouth Colony ; sent out 1646 as Agent for Mass. Bay Colony. 

3 Ex-Gov. of Connecticut Colony ; appointed 1662 a Com. of Navy ; chosen 1656 M.P. from 
Clifton, co. Devon ; died, London, 1657, and appointed Mr. Francis Willoughby an overseer 
of his will. 

4 Plymouth Records, x. 104. 

VOL. XXX. 6* 



74 The Willoughby Family of New-England. [Jan. 

land," in which that officer, together with Generals Blake and Monk, were 
engaged against the Dutch, was received in London by the Commissioners 
of Admiralty through a letter from Capt. Willoughby, d^ted Feb. 19, 
1652-3. 

Almost six years after this event, on the calling of a parliament by the 
Protector Richard, one of the members chosen for Portsmouth was Francis 
"Willoughby, Esq. This parliament having met Jan. 27, 1658-9, was dis- 
solved by the short lived authority, through which it had been convened, on 
22d April following, to be succeeded in a fortnight by the restoration of 
that fragment of the old Long Parliament, called the Rump, which had not 
met since its forcible dissolution by Cromwell, April 20, 1653. But their 
present session was not of long continuance ; Gen. Lambert, acting for the 
army, excluded them from the House, Oct. 13, and a council of officers, ap- 
pointing among themselves what was called a Committee of Safety, to 
manage affairs, proposed even to call a " new and free parliament " by their 
own authority. Early in November, General Monk, who commanded the 
forces in Scotland, and many of his officers expressed their dissatisfaction 
with these proceedings and declared for the old parliament. The first active 
steps for the restoration of that body, however, were taken by Sir Arthur 
Haselrig, Col. Morley, and Col. Walton, who, adopting the views of Monk, 
occupied, with their regiments, the important town of Portsmouth, on Dec. 
4th, and with the consent of the Governor, Col. Nathaniel Whetham, 
immediately issued orders for more forces to come to their assistance, and 
despatched letters to the General in Scotland justifying their proceedings. 
Col. Rich, sent on from London, by the army-faction, to dispossess them, 
entered the town with his regiment and united interest with the party in 
occupation. This latter officer was an intimate friend of Lawson, who had 
been restored to his position of Vice- Admiral on May 26, and the fleet, 
having been invited to join them, despatched a messenger to Portsmouth, 
assuring Haselrig that they would do nothing in opposition to his party, and 
soon after sent a letter (Dec. 13) to the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Com- 
mon Council of London, calling upon them to " use their utmost " for the 
removal of that restraint and force now put upon the parliament. 

Saturday, Dec. 17, Vice-Admiral Lawson, having left the Downs, sailed 
into the river Thames with the "James" and the rest of the fleet, "declar- 
ing their resolutions to endeavor the restoring of the parliament to the exer- 
cise of their authority, they judging them the only means to restore peace 
and settlement into these distressed nations." Accordingly on Monday, 
Dec. 26, the old parliament met again, and the next day ordered that 
Messrs. Scott, Weaver, and Col. Martin " prepare letters of thanks and ac- 
knowledgments of the fidelity and good service of Gen. Monk, Vice-Admiral 
Lawson, and the Commissioners at Portsmouth : and that Mr. Speaker do 
sign and seal the said letters with the seal of the Parliament." Jan. 
9, 1659-60, Lawson was heartily thanked at the bar of the house, "for 
his constant fidelity, and the great and eminent service done by him since 
the late interruption of parliament." On Saturday, Feb. 21 (17 days after 
Monk had reached London), those members who had been excluded by 
Col. Pride in 1 648, again took their seats in the house, and the Long Par- 
liament, which had first met in 1640, dissolved by its own act, made a final 
exit March 16, 1660, and on May 29 King Charles made his public entry 
into London. 

When, early in 1662, it was deemed advisable by the general court of 



1876.] The Willoughby Family of New- England, 75 

Massachusetts to congratulate the king upon his restoration, and to send out 
an agent to act for the general interests of the colony, a letter was written 
to Herbert Pelham, Esq., Mr. Nehemiah Bourne, Mr. Francis Willoughby, 
Mr. Richard Hutchinson 1 and others, desiring that they would supply the 
Commissioners, 2 upon their arrival, with such funds as they might require 
on account of the colony. 

Soon after this Mr. Willoughby left England, taking with him a third 
wife, Margaret, whom he had there married ; he appears to have been again 
present in the Colony by May, 1662, and sat as an assistant at the general 
court, held Oct. 20, 1663; was again chosen the succeeding year; be- 
came deputy governor, May, 1665, and so continued until his decease. In 
Sept. 1666, the deputy governor was appointed head of a committee for pro- 
curing two masts to be sent out to England and presented " to His Majesty, 
by Sir William Warren and Capt. John Taylor (one of the commissioners 
for the navy), as a testimony of loyalty and affection from y e country." 
About this same time the necessity of proper laws, for regulating maritime 
affairs and admiralty cases, was again agitated, and information was given 
to the court, " that divers unskilfull persons, pretending to be shipwrights, 
doe build shipps and other vessels in seuerall parts of the country, which are 
defective, both for matter and forme, to the great prejudice of merchants 
and ouners, and the danger of many mens Hues at sea ;" whereupon the court 
was moved "to nominate and appoint Francis Willoughby Esq., Jno. 
Leverett Esq., Capt. George Corwin, Mr. Humphrey Davy, and Capt. 
Edward Johnson to be a Committee to consider, draw up, and present to 
this Court, at their next session, such directions, orders, and laws as may be 
necessary and expedjent in the premises." 

Three years thereafter (Oct. 12, 1669), he was granted 100 acres "in 
any place that may not prejudice a plantation," for his public service, as well 
at home as in England. 

The original will of the deputy governor does not appear on file. This 
will, drawn up June 4, 1670, and witnessed by Capt. Lawrence Hammond 
and Lawrence Dowse, was proved April 10, 1671, six days after the testa- 
tor's decease. He states therein that the legacies left to his children, 
Jonathan, Sarah and Nehemiah, by their grandfather Willoughby, had been 
paid, and desires that his mother's will, which had not yet been carried out, 
might be made good. To his wife, who had brought a considerable estate 
with her, he bequeathed all household goods, plate and jewels, which had 
formerly belonged to her, or which had been given to her before or since 
marriage. To his eldest son Jonathan 10Z. and some wearing apparel, and 
to each of his living children 5/., for that said son " hath cost me much 
money both in breeding up and several other ways, to the value of near a 
treble portion already, and for other serious and deliberate considerations, 
which I am not willing here to mention, it being a grief of soul to me that 
he should run out an estate so unprofitably as he hath done to his present 
suffering, &c. &c." After deducting all legacies and debts the testator 
leaves £f of the residue of his estate to his wife ; $% to his son Nehemiah, 
including what had already been paid in 1660 : to the other children, when 
of age, ^ to son William ; -fa to son Francis ; -£% to daughter Susannah, 
and ^ to child still unborn. To eldest daughter Campfield, as a token of 
love 1U/., she having already received a liberal portion ; to aunt Hammond, 

1 Late Treasurer of the Navy. 

2 Mr. Simon Bradstreet and the Rev. John Norton. 



76 The Willoughby Family of New-England. [Jan. 

if alive 51. ; to cousin Lawrence Hammond 40£, " provided he deal respec- 
tively with my wife and assist her about settling my estate." To cousin 
March liberty, during her widowhood, to live in and make use of my house 
in which she now dwells, rent-free. To the use of the school in Charles- 
town my three hundred acres of land, given me by the said town, but never 
laid out, lying beyond Woburn. After several other legacies to friends, his 
pastor and domestics, he observes : " Now for as much as the College hath 
been a Society that I have had much affection to, and desires for the pros- 
perity of, having made it my work to solicit the Country in generall, & per- 
ticular persons to take care thereof in order to the advantage of posteritie, 
It might be expected that I should manifest myselfe to be cordial in some 
more than the ordinary beneficence : But my estate being very uncertaine, 
as it is abroad in other mens hands, & so not knowing what the Lord may 
doe with it : And a vessel being lost that I had bequeathed to that use : 
But chiefly considering the backwardness and indisposition that is in the 
Country to consider their owne interest with reference to posterity ; and 
finding particular persons holding their owne and disclaiming any motion for 
good that hath been made that way, being at a loss to know what the mind 
of God therein may be, and unwilling to injure my family, the state of my 
concernments lying as aforesaid : I find not any inclination to doe what my 
heart and soul is free for ; Desiring the Lord to pardon & forgive that back- 
wardness and indisposition which seemes to appear in the generality of per- 
sons to so worthy a worke as it is." 

He forbids the giving of scarfs or ribbons to any persons except magis- 
trates, and those who officiate at his funeral, and instead thereof leaves 201. 
to the town towards commencing the purchase of a stock of arms, to furnish 
poor men on exercise-days, and to be in readiness against any sudden emer- 
gency. His wife he appoints executrix, and his loving friends, Mr. Thomas 
Danforth, Mr. Richard Russel, Mr. Humphrey Davie, and cousin Lawrence 
Hammond as overseers of his last will and testament, " earnestly entreating 
them that as they did ever manifest any affection and respect for me, that 
they would manifest the like to my wife in all that assistance that she shall 
stand in need of, she being a stranger in the country, and not knowing whom 
to apply for help in case of need." He also desires his wife, by the affection 
she bears him, " to take a little care of his son William, in case he will be 
ruled by her ; but if he or his own mother's relations shall desire otherwise, 
or carry themselves uncivilly towards her, I leave her at liberty, being un- 
willing to put her under any snare or inconvenience." 

The Rev. Simon Bradstreet of New-London, says : " he desired to be 
buried one foot deep and to have y e top of his grave plain, only covered with 
y e tops of y e grasse." 1 

The widow Margaret Willoughby married, Feb. 8, 1675, Capt. Lawrence 
Hammond, of Charlestown, the cousin of her late husband ; she was his third 
wife (though he had no children by this marriage), and died Feb. 2, 1683. 
Her will, signed Aug. 21, 1680, and proved April 12, 1683, leaves one-half 
of the property, left her by her former husband, to her present husband Capt. 
Hammond, the balance to her only child Susannah Willoughby ; to her 
sister Elizabeth Lock 100/. due testator out of rents in England ; the residue 
of her estate in Old and New-England to her daughter aforesaid, commit- 
ting her and her portion to the care and protection of her father-in-law 
Capt. Hammond. 

1 New-England Hist, and Gen. Register, ix. 65. 



1876.] The Willoughbij Family of New-England. 11 

Issue by first wife Mary : — 

i. Jonathan, b. about 1635 in England ; Harv. Coll. 1651-54, but did 
not graduate ; preached in Wethersfield from Sept. 1664, to May, 
1666, and afterwards, for a short time, in Haddam, Conn. Mentioned 
in his brother William's will, 1677. By wife Grizzel he had a dau. 
Mary, b. May 8, 1664, and prob. other children. 

Issue by second wife Sarah (Taylor?) : — 

ii. Sarah, bapt. June 13, 1641 ; m. Campfield (or Canfield) ; prob. 

Samuel, bapt. Oct. 19, 1645, eldest son of Matthew C. of New-Haven. 

iii. Hannah, b. May 17 ; d. Sept. 4, 1643. 
2. iv. Nehemiah, b. June 8 or 18, 1644. 

v. Jerinnah, b. July 29, 1647 ; d. young. 

vi. William, b. about 1652. His will, dated Sept. 1, 1677, was filed Dec. 
7, 1694, in Midd. Probate Co. ; the house and land left him by his 
uncle William Willoughby, he bequeaths to his brother Nehemiah, 
together with the 10(M. or more, now in his mother's hands ; of the 
estate now falling to him by the decease of his brother Francis Wil- 
loughby, he leaves one-half to his sister Susannah, and one-half to 
Capt. Hammond's children, and the legacy left by his grandfather 
Taylor, to be divided equally between his sister Campfield and his 
brother Jonathan, as a token of love ; to cousin Elizabeth Moore 
10/. ; books, monies and wearing apparel to eldest son of his brother 
and executor Nehemiah. Savage states that he died of small-pox 
Aug. 28, 1678. 

Issue by third wife Margaret : — 

vii. Francis, d. (says Savage) June 15, 1678, of small-pox, but is mentioned 
as deceased in William's will, 1677. 

viii. Nathaniel, d. 1663 (Frothingham). 

ix. Susannah, b. Aug. 19, bapt. 21, 1664; m. 1683, Nathaniel Lynde, b. 
Nov. 22, 1659, son of Judge Simon L. by wife Hannah Newdigate, 
and grandson of Enoch L. of London, by wife Eliz. Digby, said to be 
related to the family of John, Earl of Bristol. Mr. Nath'l Lynde 
removed to Say brook, Conn., and d. Oct. 5, 1729; among his chil- 
dren was Elizabeth, b. Dec. 2, 1694, m. Judge Richard Lord of 
Lyme. 

2. Nehemiah 3 Willoughby, merchant of Salem, married Jan. 2, 1672, 
Abigail, dau. of Henry Bartholomew, bapt Oct. 6, 1650, died Sept. 2, 1702 ; 
constable 1679; allowed 1690 to sell wine, &c. out doors; died Nov. 6, 
1702. Issue:— 

i. Francis, b. Sept. 28, 1672 ; bapt. Feb. 16, 1672-3 ; deputy and repre- 
sentative 1713 ; requested to provide King's Arms for the Court 
House, June 26, 1716; was prob. of Boston 1734, when one of the 
name was appointed on committee for markets. Issue : — 

William 5 bapt. at Salem, July 28, 1705; Harv. Coll. 1726; d. 

1735. 
Bethia, 5 bapt. at S., March 27, 1709. 
ii. Nehemiah. 

iii. Elizabeth, b. June 22, bapt. 28, 1674, at Charlestown. 
iv. Mary, b. Sept. 1, 1676 ; m. May 10, 1710, Col. Thomas Barton of Salem, 
b. July 17, 1680 ; selectman, town-clerk, physician and apothecary ; 
Lt. Col. of the Reg't ; he d. April 28, 1751 ; she d. about Jan. 1758. 
Issue : — 
John, 5 b. Dec. 5, 1711 ; Harv. College 1730 ; merchant of Salem ; 

d. unm. Dec 21, 1774. 
Mary, 5 m. June 27, 1734, Bazaleel Toppan (son of the Rev. Christ'r 
T. of Newbury) ; Harv. Coll. 1722; physician; d. 1762. Had 
children Anna 6 and Mary 6 ; the latter m. Col. Benj. Pickman, 



78 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolk. [Jan. 

b. 1741, Harv. Coll. 1759 ; lived on Essex St., Salem, in a house 
which had come to Nehemiah Wilioughby from his father-in-law 
H. Bartholomew. 

v. Abigail, b. April 4, 1679, at S. ; m. Capt. Joshua Pickman (son of 
Benj. P.) ; mariner of S. ; she d. Aug. 24, 1710 ; hed. Jan. 24, 1750, 
aged 69. 

vi. Sarah, b. July, 1684, at S. 

vii. Elizabeth, b. June 10, 1687, at S. 

viii. John, b. Dec. 11, 1688, at S. 



ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS ON RECORD, OR 

ON THE FILES IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Prepared by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 
[Continned from vol. xx. page 242.] 

Tnisseries of abstracts was commenced by the late Samuel G. Drake, A.M., in 
the first number of the Register edited by him (January, 1848, vol. ii. p. 102), 
and was continued by Mr. D. to July, 1851 (vol. v. p.|297). The writer began 
his abstracts of wills, inventories, &c, with the will of James Bate, of Dorches- 
ter, printed on the last named page. The volume of the Register for 1853 (vii.) 
contains more than thirty-one pages devoted to unrecorded wills and inventories, 
being upwards of a hundred in number, which were taken from the Suffolk files. 
The abstracts in all the other volumes before and after the above date, with, it may 
be, one or two exceptions, are from the records, but occasionally corrected by the 
files. An attempt was made in the year above mentioned to copy these papers from 
the files, chronologically, but they were then in a very disordered state, a difference 
occurring, sometimes, of a century or so in the same bundle. Often the wills and 
inventories belonging to one estate were separated from each other, as though they 
had no family connection. Not unfrequently they were wrongly labelled, and the 
names written on the backs in some cases were as far from the real names given on 
the documents inside as can well be imagined. Under these circumstances it was 
considered too great a labor to carry out the plan as contemplated, consequently it 
was only in part fulfilled. But recently these files, down to a late date, have been 
carefully arranged, and the good work is still in progress. The papers have been 
placed in tin boxes, sometimes a hundred or more files in a box, suitably enveloped, 
labelled and numbered. Indices and dockets have been made, evidently with great 
care, and the volumes containing them have been substantially bound. The facili- 
ties, therefore, now afforded for consulting these documents are of the best kind, 
creditable alike to the city and county, and to those who arranged and carried out 
the work. 

We have accordingly recommenced giving abstracts, and in some instances copies 
of the entire papers from these early files, omitted in 1853, being matter not on 
record, unless so stated. 

Oliver Mellowes. 1 — Inventory of the outward Estate of Mr Olyvar 
Mellowes deceased, taken y e 12th day of y e 9 th Month Called November 
1638. 

Elizabeth Mellowes was granted administration 5 th 10th 1G38. 

1 Oliver Mellowes and wife Elizabeth admitted to the Church in Boston, July 20, 1634. 
He was made freeman on the 3d of Sept. following ; was one of the 69 Boston men who 
were disarmed in 1637, as " opinionists," or supporters of Wheelwright. See Court 
Records, i. 211. 

His widow, Elizabeth, m. Thomas Makepeace of Dorchester. She was his second wife. 
On the Records of the First Church, Boston, according to the "Makepeace Family" page 
11, is the following entry.—" The 25th day of yc 5th Mon. 1641, Mrs. Elizabeth Makepeace, 
lately called Mrs. Elizabeth Mellowes, but now y e wife of Mr. Makepeace, of Dorchester, 
was granted l're of Recommendation thether." 



1870.] Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolk. 79 

Mentions dwelling house, garding, & ground about it, 50ft ; 6 acres of 
planting ground on the necke, 25 Jb ; 5 acres of wood land & 3 acres of 
marsh att Hogg island, 4Jb ; Lott att Mount Woollystone conteyning 80 
Acres, 20ft>. Whole amount of inventory 190.19 s . Signed by Atherton 
Haughe, Tho Leueritt, Will Colbron. More in Come 20ffe. Deposed by 
said Elizabeth, 17th, 12th mo. 1G3 8. before vs, Jo: Winthrop Gou r , In- 
crease Nowell. (File No. 9, Suffolk Wills.) 

John Lovering. 1 — Will. October the 4, 1638, that John loaeren of 
water towne being sicke in boody did mak his will as folloeth. first I giue 
to my wif Ann lovern all my hoole Estat of goods and all that I haue and 
my mynd is that thar shall be payd ought of my Estat After my wifes 
death twenty poundes to the Church of watertowne to Remayn for a stoak 
and one hundered pounds to my brother in England which hath childeren. 
witnes 

Edward Howe, 
Margret How. 

The 24th of the 9 th m° 1638 Edward & Margaret How appeared before 
mee Incr: Nowell & tooke their oaths that this is a true Coppey of the will 
of John Loveren. witnes my hand, p r Increase Nowe 11. 

(File No. 13. The above is a copy of the paper entire.) 

Judith Smead. 2 — An Inventory of the goods of the weadow Smead 
deseassed, taken the 18 th day of the 3 mounth 1639. " My selfe had as 
followeth " — (various utensils, household goods, produce, &c, mentioned), 
" I haue had for Commones of M r Joanes, £4. ; of goodman Bird for the 
house & lot & Corne, £30 ; for Necke of land of Mr Joanes, £o.5" The 
names introduced, to whom various household articles were given, are those 
of John Pope, Sumner, Gibson, goodman Tomkins, 3 M r Payne, Brother 
Knight, 4 sister vrsilah, Johnson, Joanes, goodman Juets 5 wife ; vyolette coat 

1 John Lovering, of Watertown, was made freeman, May 25, 1636 ; according to Savage 
was from Dedham, Co. Essex, Eng. ; a selectman in 1636 and 7, a grantee of 9 lots in 
Watertown, all large in proportion to most others. His homestall, of 40 acres, was bounded 
S. by the river ; E. by E. Child ; W. by J. Benjamin ; N. by highway. After Mr. Lovering's 
death, his widow, Anna, became the wife of the Rev. Edmund Browne, the first minister of 
Sudbury. She was probably a sister of John Barnard, Sen., of Watertown. He is doubtless 
the Loverell of Watertown, who was allowed by the General Court, in 1637-8, to sell in W. 
I wine and strong water m;:de in the country, and no other strong water is to bee sould.'" 
See the testimony of Elizabeth Child and others, Register, iii. 79, in regard to the will 
and effects of " John Lovran," or " Loveran," as he is there and elsewhere called.— Bond's 
Watertown, Barry's Framingham, Court Records. 

See also abstracts of papers on file at East Cambridge, relative to Thomas Loverin, of 
Watertown, in the Register for October, 1864, ante xviii. 338. 

2 Judith Smead joined the church in Dorchester about the year 1636; had 20 acres of 
land granted her below the burying place in D. in 1638. It is stated by Savage, that she 
was a sister to Israel Stoughton. Although she died in or before the year 1639, her estate 
was not settled until March, 1657-8. Israel Stoughton, Administrator. See Register, ix. 344. 

3 Ralph Tompkins, of Dorchester, freeman May 2, 1638, removed to Salem some nine or 
ten years afterwards. Inventory of his estate taken there, Nov. 12, 1666. 

4 John Knight, in September, 1634, with eight or nine others, had a grant of land from 
the town of Dorchester of 3 acres each upon the Neponset river. Also in November of the 
same year, " John Knite" had 6 acres allotted him, with 12 others, for " their small and 
great lotts at Naponset betwixt the Indian feild and the mill," Stoughton's mill. See Reg- 
ister, xxi. 271, 276. 

In 1642 he was proprietor of lands in Watertown, and in 1651-2, with his wife Mary, sold 
to Thomas Underwood, late of Dorchester, ten parcels of land in Watertown. See Bond's 
Watertown, 328. 

s Joseph Jewett, of Dorchester, had wife Mary; removed to Rowley; was freeman 
May 22, 1639, representative 1651-4 and '60 ; died Feb. 26, 1660. His second wife was 
Ann, widow of Bozoan Allen, whom he married in May, 1653. 



80 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolk. [Jan. 

to goodman Oldreges ; x Swift, bro. Kinslie, 2 Mr. Newman, 3 White, sister 
Clarke, Oliver Purchase, Butler, Thomas Bird, brother Clarke, Mr. Mathers 
maide, Mr Palsgraue, John Dorman for stockines and shoos, clothes to his 
master, to goe forth with him, £13.06.08 ; payd goodman Pope with the 
boy, 4 £32 ; payed towards clothing of Mary, £1.10.03 ; payed John Scud- 
der, 10 s ; payed for bloodding, l 8 ; payed for other charges of wine & cake, 
£1. Articles to the amount of £8.15.10 are given as " Things I know 
not who had as they are still in being." " debts payed by me on my sisters 
Account," &c. (File No. 15.) 

Richard Cruse. 5 — This is a true a cont or in ventory of the estate of 
Richard Cruse [which consisted chiefly of wearing apparel. Mentions, also, 
one cheste, one bybel, &c] Amt. £1. 4. Signed by Simmon Rogers, the 
marke of Richard X grigley. 29. 2. 1640. (File No. 18.) 

Robert Hunt. 6 — Will. The last will and Testament of Robert Hunt, 
late of Sudbury in the County of Hampton, 7 Yeoman, &c. As followeth. 
Imprimis I Comit and comend my Soule into the hands of Allmighty God 
my Creato r , And my body to bee buryed in a deacent and comely maner. 

Itm. I doe by this my last will and Testament make Constitute and ordeine 
Susana my deare and welbeloved wife, my sole executor For possessing 
inioying and improueing of all my Estate Temporallse Lands Howses Ten- 
ements Chatells debts or goods moueable or immoueable For the sol vse 
benifit and Subsistance of her my sd wiffe and all my Children to bee at 
her disposall dureing the time of her widdowhoode or single estate. 

Itm. my will is That if the sd Susan my wiffe shall not Continue her 
widdows estate but Marry and therby allter her condicon That then my 
Estate be deuided equally into Fowre parts the one of w ch parts thus deuid- 
ed shall belong vnto her my sd wiffe as her proper estate and Legacy and 
the other Three parts of my sd Estate to bee deuided equally among my 
Children then liuieng unmaryed or vnder age. 

1 George Aldrich, or Aldridge, had wife Catherine ; freeman Dec. 7, 1636 ; was after- 
wards of Braintree, and in 1663 became one of the first settlers of Mendon. 

2 John Kinsley, or Kingsley, was in Dorchester before the arrival of Richard Mather; 
had a grant of land in 1635; was one of the seven signers of the covenant in 1636, when the 
church was newly organized and Mr. Mather became pastor. Mr. Kinsley married Alice, 
widow of Richard Jones, of Dorchester. The latter died in 1641. 

3 The celebrated Rev. Samuel Newman, author of the Concordance, subsequently of 
Weymouth, then of Rehoboth, where he died July 5, 1663, aged 61 years. See abstract of 
his will, Register, vi. 96. 

4 This was William Smead, her son, who is spoken of in John Pope's will (12 : 2 : 1646), 
as "my Littell boy" to whom Mr. Pope leaves his " Lomes, and such Tackling as do 
belong vnto them, which is to the vallew of 31b. provided he be willing to dwell with my 
wife after his time is out, also provided he be willing to Learn my Trad, and that there be 
a comfortable Agreement mad betweene the[m] Afterward. See Register, vii. 229. 

5 The name of Cruse may be found in Paver's list of Matches or Alliances, Yorkshire 
pedigrees, Register, xi. 265. See Burke's Encyclopedia of Heraldry for description of 
Coats of Arms of the Devonshire and other Cruse families. 

6 Robert Hunt, of Sudbury, was admitted an inhabitant of Charlestown, 1638. An in- 
ventory of Mrs. Susan Hunt, of Soodberie, probably his widow, taken 24 : 9: 1642, is given 
in Register, vii. 32. 

7 John Hunt, of Sudburowe, Northamptonshire, England, husbandman. Will dated 
Sept. 1, 1623 ; proved Oct. 6, 1623. Sister Alice, wife of Thomas Hunt, of Islip. Sister Helen, 
wife of John Fowler. Sons-in-law James Hornby, Thomas Carrington and Thomas Foster. 
Brother-in-law Robert Simpson. (See Hunt genealogy, by Thomas B. Wyman, pages 5, 137.) 

Sudborough, Siidborow, or as it is called in Domesday Book, Sutburge, is in the Hun- 
dred of Huxlow or Huxloe, sometimes Hocheslaw, and Hochesland, in Northamptonshire, 
England. It is 4^ miles northwest from Thrapstone. The church is dedicated to All 
Saints. (See Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of England.) 



1876.] Abstracts of Early Wills in Suffolk. 81 

Itm. I doe will and declare that if any of my sd Children shall in the 
meane time (dureing the widdowhoode or single estate of my sd wiffe) 
ateine to the age of Twenty and one yeares or shall hapen to Marry That 
then at the time of theire age of Twenty and one yeares or vppon theire 
day of marriage which of them first shall happen : my estate : that is to 
say Three parts of the aforesd Fowre be equally deuided by estemacon 
among the Children then liueing and that a part proportionable thervnto 
bee giuen in preasent possession vnto that Child as his or her property dow- 
ry and portion and For their proper vse and benifit. 

It m . I doe will and ordeine my trusty and well beloued Friends [blank] 
Sedgwick and [blank] Lyne of Charles Towne in New England my ouer- 
seers For the due performance and execution of this my last will and Tes- 
tament giueing them Full power and authoryty as I my selfe to ouerveiue 
and see the well ordering and manageing and improueing of all my affor- 
sd estate to preuent the vnlawfull Embezelling or makeing of it away 
from the vse and benifit of my wife and Children : allsoe vppon the seuerall 
times seasons and occations aboue specifyed to deuide and alot vnto eatch 
person theire seuerall porsions, as allsoe if my sd wife shall depart this prea- 
sent life or allter her Condicon by mariage to take soe many of my Child- 
ren as are liueing vnder age and so dispose of them seueraly w th their por- 
tions as feofeers in trust, and my will is that what soeuer Charge or paines 
they are at shalbe made good vnto them by my estate to theire; Full satis- 
facon : and this doe I confirme by my hand and scale the second day of Octo- 
ber in the yeare of Lord one Thousand Six Hundred and Forty. 

Witnessed by pr me Robert Hunt. 

Ro. Fordham 

John Tinker (File No. 20. The above Will given entire.) 

Thomas Bacon 

Samuel Holly. — An abstract of the will of Samuel Holly is printed in 
the Register, ii. 385, from the Record, page 30. He gives to his son one 
" Black Stuffe suit," instead of blue, as mentioned in the Register. Samu- 
ell Hollye makes his mark, and the name of Renolt bvsh, between the names 
of John Jackson and Edward Jackson, is given as a witness to the origi- 
nal will. From the inventory we learn that he died " in y e bounds of 
Cambridge." On the back of the instrument are the names of Frances 
Gould, Will Almey, David Williams, Jo. Barcher. (File No. 2(j.) 

Daniel Sheperdson. 1 — Inventory of the Howsing, Lands, Goods, 1 Cat- 
tell and Chattells that belonged vnto Daniell Shepherdson, deceased in 
Charltowne, which inventorv was taken the 25 th of the 3 d Moneth 1647. 
Amt £49. 17. 00. 

Witnesses and prisers. 
John Greene 
Faithfull Rouse 2 
Other articles enumerated to which John Greene deposed 27 : 3 : 1647. 

Increase Nowell, Sec. 
(File No. 28.) 

1 Abstract of his Will in Register, vii. 32. 

2 Faithfull Rouse and his wife Suretrust joined the church in Charlestown, the wife in 
1642, and the husband the year after. He died May 18, 1664, aged 75. 

VOL. XXX. 7 



82 Letters from the Gerrish Manuscripts, [Jan. 



T 



LETTERS FROM THE GERRISH MANUSCRIPTS. 

Communicated by Mrs. Isabella James, of Cambridge, Mass. 

HE following letters are copied from the originals, found among the 
Gerrish manuscripts, and will, doubtless, be interesting to many of the 
readers of the Register, some of whom I trust will be able to throw light 
upon the historical animal who was the subject of the correspondence. In 
the present age of steam it is well to put on record the fact of a " Province 
Horse ;" what were his duties and emoluments ? was every member of the 
Provincial Council or of the Assembly furnished with a beast to ride upon, 
or was there only one Province Horse as the definite article might lead us 
to suppose ? 

The first letter was written by Col. Timothy Gerrish to Deacon Buckram, 
and was a copy made by him on the back of the other original letters, and 
therefore without address or date. 

I. — The Province Horse. 

Sir I rec d your Letter bearing Date Last August 24 th & you Say 
there is no Doubt but y e Court will see that I am p d for Keeping y e Pro- 
vince horse, Above there is the acco* of the Keeping y e horse the Court 
has ordred me to Deliver ye horse to S r . W m . Pepperrell Baronet but has 
ordered me no pay for Keeping So I Can Look to nobody but you who 
Delivered me ye horse & Desire you'd order me the money or I Shall order 
you to York Court in april next to answer the Above acco*. & am your 
Hum ble Serv 1 . Kittery Jan 171 18 th 1752 T. G. 

To S r . Will" 1 . Pepperrell B*. In Kittery. Camb. Sep*. 18. 1752. 

Sir || Deacon Buckram [sic] when I was at Concord last Thursday 
acquainted me, That he had received a Letter from Col . Gerrish of ye 31 
of August last, purporting, That if he did not hear from him in a short time 
about the Province horse he should put him to trouble for the keeping of 
him. — Now as what the Deacon did was in behalf of the Government, and 
the General Court is not sitting, I pray that you would desire the Col°. to 
be easy about the matter till the Court meets ; when I doubt not but some 
further order will be taken about the horse. 

It is at the Deacon's desire that I write this ; whereby I take the oppor- 
tunity to salute you and your good lady ; and to assure you that I am 

your very respectful friend and 
humble Servant 
To S r W m Pepperrell B*. Fra: Foxcroft. 

To The Honourable Timothy Gerrish Esq. Kittery Sept 22 nd 1752 

Kinsman Gerrish 

this Letter came to me as you will See from our Friend Foxcroft, 
with best respects to your Self & my Dear Kinswoman 

Yor. obed 4 Humble Servant 

W m Pepperrell. 
[To be continued.] 

1 This date was probably that when the letter was filed; it must have been written 
Aug. 31. 



I 



1876. J Descendants of Reginald Foster. 83 



GENEALOGY OF THE FO(R)STER FAMILY DESCENDANTS 
OF REGINALD FO(R)STER, OF IPSWICH, MASS. 

By Edward Jacob Forster, M.D., of Charlestown, Mass. 

BY a tradition which exists in different branches of the family, Reginald 
Foster, the first of the name, is reputed to have come to this country from 
Exeter, Devonshire, England, and to have crossed the water in one of the 
ships embargoed by King Charles the First : but of this, nothing certain is 
as yet known. 

He brought with him his wife, Judith, five sons and two daughters, and 
settled in Ipswich, Essex Co., Massachusetts, about the year 1638, and was 
one of the earliest inhabitants of that town. He lived near the "East 
Bridge," which stood where the stone bridge now is. It is supposed that 
the remains of what is known as the " old Foster house," may have been 
the site of his residence. This seems probable, for 6 April, 1641, there was 
"'granted Reginald Foster, eight acres of meadow in the west meadow, if 
any remain there ungranted, in consideration of a little hovel that stood at 
the new bridge, which was taken away for the accommodating of the passage 
there," and "4 th 11 mo., 1646," he with others "promise carting voluntary 
toward the East Bridge beside the rate a day work a piece." 

Of his life we know very little ; the following facts, gleaned from town 
and county records, indicate however that he was an active citizen. 

The danger from Indians in these early times was such that in the year 
1645 a law was passed requiring the "youth from ten to sixteen years to be 
exercised with small guns, half pikes, bows and arrows," and also that 
"every town is to have a guard set a half hour after sunset, to consist of a 
pikeman and musketeer, and to prepare for any sudden attack from the 
Indians." Our ancestor, on the 19 December, 1645, subscribed with others 
his proportion of 3sh. towards the sum of £24. 7sh. "to pay their leader 
Maior Dennison," who then commanded the military forces of Essex and 
Norfolk Counties. 

He bought of Ralph Dix, of Ipswich, 8 March, 1647-8, "all his six acre 
lott he" (Dix) "bought of W ra White, lying in the common field on the 
north side of the river, bounded on land of Thomas Smyth, Humphrey 
Broadstreet and Robert Lord." 

We find no mention of him again until 1652, when it was "Granted 
Thomas Clark and Reginal Foster, that when they shall have cut through 
a passage from this river into Chebacco River of ten feet wide and soe 
deepe as a lighter may pass through laden, and to make a ford and footebridge 
over, that then the town have given unto them £10 towards said passage." 

On 3 June of the same year he was a witness to the will of William 
Averill, of Ipswich. 

He bought of Roger Preston, 11 March, 1657-8, for £50, his dwelling 
house, house lot, barn and other buildings, also another house lot, with 
gardens, orchards, &c, which Preston bought of Robert Wallis, situated on 
the north side of the river, and one planting lot of three acres, on the north 
side of Town Hill, bounded on land of widow Rose Whipple, Andrew 
Hodges, John Morse and Thomas Treadvvell. The houses were on " the 
High Street," probably at the east end — and in the vicinity of the ancient 



84 Descendants of Reginald Foster, [Jan. 

dwelling house of Rev. Mr. Norton, which yet stands. He had also a house lot 
near the "meeting-house green." On 29 Septernber, 1663, he was an 
appraiser of the estate of Robert Roberts. Reginald Fo[r]ster was married 

when he came to this country, his wife being Judith . She died in 

Ipswich, Oct. 1664. 

He married again, Sept. 1665, Sarah, widow of John Martin, of Ipswich. 
She survived Reginald, and 21 Sept. 1682, she became the second wife of 
William White, of Haverhill. She died 22 Feb. 1682-3. Reginald brought 
with him the following children : 

i. Mary, 2 b. 16 — ; m. Francis Peabody. 
ii. Sarah, 2 b. 1620; m. William Story. 

1. iii. Abraham, 2 b. 1622. 

2. iv. Isaac, 2 b. 1630. 

3. v. William, 2 b. 1633. 

4. vi. Jacob, 2 b. 1635. 

5. vii. Reginald, 2 b. 1636. 

The exact date of Reginald's death is unknown. 
His will was proved 9 June, 1681. 

1. Abraham 2 [Reginald 1 ) was a yeoman, lived in Ipswich, where he died 

15 Jan. 1711, aged about 89 years. 

There is no will or administration of his estate, as he distributed it among 
his family by deed, 21 Dec. 1698 (Essex Deeds, lib. 13, p. 206). 

He married Lydia, daughter of Caleb and Martha Burbank, of Rowley. 
Their children were : 

Ephriam, 3 b. 9 Oct. 1657. 

Abraham, 3 b. 14 Oct. 1659. 

James, 3 b. 12 June, 1662 ; died before 1698, not mentioned in division of 

father's estate. 
Isaac, 3 b. 1668 ; d. 13 Feb. 1717, s. p. 
A still child, 3 27 Dec. 1668. 
Benjamin, 3 b. 1670. 
Ebenezer, 3 b. 15 July, 1672. 
Mehitable, 3 b. 12 Oct. 1675 ; m. Ebenezer Averill. 
Caleb, 3 b. 9 Nov. 1677. 
Ruth, 3 m. Jeremiah Pearley, of Boxford. 

2. Isaac 3 (Reginald 1 ) lived in Ipswich, near Topsfield, at the east 
end of " Symond's Farm," the town line dividing the farm. He married, 5 
May, 1658, Mary Jackson. She died 27 Nov. 1677. He married again, 

16 March, 1679-80, Martha Hale, who survived him. His children were: 

i. Jonathan, 3 b. 9 Jan. 1658-9 ; d. young, not mentioned in father's will. 
ii. Mehitable, 3 b. 19 Sept. 1660; d. February, 1660-1. 

12. iii. Jacob, 3 b. 9 Feb. 1662-3. 

iv. Benjamin, 3 b. June, 1665; d. 1700; adm. on estate granted to brother 

Daniel, 20 Nov. 1700. 
v. Elizabeth, 3 b. 20 April, 1667. 
vi. Mary, 3 b. 26 June, 1669 ; m. Robert Grant, 27 Feb. 168-. 

13. vii. Daniel, 3 b. 14 Nov. 1670. 

viii. Martha, 3 b. 1 Aug. 1672; m. Thompson Wood, 8 Dec. 1691. 

ix. Ruth, 3 b. 20 Feb. 1673-4 ; m. Groue. 

x. Prudence, 3 b. 23 May, 1675 ; m. Joseph Borman, 17 Feb. 1696-7. 
xi. Hannah, 3 b. 24 Oct. 1676. 

14. xii. Eleazer, 3 b. April, 1684. 
xiii. Sarah, 3 b. 19 March, 1687. 

3. William 2 (Reginald 1 ) was a yeoman; he first lived in Ipswich. 
In 1661 he was received as an inhabitant of Rowley, settling in that part 



6. 


l. 


7. 


ii. 




iii. 


8. 


iv. 




v. 


9. 


vi. 


10. 


vii. 




viii 


11. 


ix. 




X. 






1876.] Descendants of Reginald Foster* 85 

of the town known as Rowley Village, and afterwards incorporated as the 
town of Boxford. Before removing, he purchased of Joseph Jewett, of 
Rowley, for £11. 13s. 4d. a seventy-second part of the village lands of that 
place. Mr. Jewett died before the deed was passed, but 30 May, 1661, one 
was received from his executors. About the year 1666-7, the village lands 
were laid out by John Pickard and Ezekiel Northend. Wm. Foster, his 
brother-in-law Francis Peabody, Joseph Bixbie and Abraham Reddington 
received 800 acres, bounded north by land of Messrs. Dorman, Cummins 
and Stiles, west by Andover line, south by Wade's Brook, &c, and east by 
various other lots. This grant contained upland, swamp and meadow. 27 
Feb. 1706-7, he deeded to his son Samuel one-half of his right in this 
property. 

With his sons William and Jonathan, and John Kimball, all of Boxford, 
he bought, 3 April, 1695, 300 acres of land of Robert Eames, "lying 
between Five Mile Pond and Moses Tyler's house on both sides Ipswich 
road." 

By deed, bearing date 25 Aug. 1710, he gave "to his son David, of 
Haverhill, all that right which falleth to us in lands, orchards, &c, which 
our Hon'd Father Wm. Jackson, formerly of Rowley dec'd did give to his 
son John Jackson and John Jackson's son John, William Jackson's grand- 
son, and in case his grandson John died childless, then * # * * the estate 
mentioned in said deed * * # to return to our father's three daughters or 
their children. William Jackson's grandson John dying childless, said 
lands are divided among said daughters, viz. : Elizabeth How, Mary Foster 
my wife and Deborah Trumbull ; which land in my right I give to my son 
David." 

Mr. Foster was quite a prominent citizen of Rowley, frequently serving 
on committees in matters of importance. In 1675, he with Joseph Peabody 
and John Kimball were appointed collectors of taxes. In 1677 and 1680, 
John Peabody and he were appointed on part of the village to enforce the 
strict observance of the Sabbath, " and to have special inspection of those 
families nearest their house on either side of them," in compliance with a 
law passed by the general court, 23 May, 1 677. 

The following is a copy of a paper found among the court files : 

" Theas few Liens may Sertify anney gentilmen whome it may Consern 
that the Town of Boxford have with the Consent of the Selectmen of 
Boxford chosen William Foster, Sener, to bee thaier ordenary Keepper for 
this year '93 and doe desier that hee may have a Lisenc for the aboue said 
purpos this 13 th of June 1693 as a test 

( iv John Pebody 
{sa) Clark." 

He was one of the petitioners for the incorporation of Boxford. The 
petition was granted 5 June, 1685. Subsequently he was a member of the 
committee on the part of Rowley Village to agree upon "a parting line 
betwixt the town of Rowley and the village." While of Ipswich he 
married, 15 May, 1661, Mary, daughter of William and Joanna Jackson, of 
Rowley; she was born 8 Feb. 1639. Their children were all born in 
Rowley, and were, viz. : 

i. Mary, 3 b. 16 March, 1661-2; m. 20 Nov. 1682, Samuel Kilburn, ot 

Rowley. 
ii. Judith, 3 b. 19 June, 1664; m. 13 April, 1693, John Platts, of Rowley. 
iii. Hannah, 3 m. March, 1709-10, Theophilus Rix, of Wenham. 
vol. xxx. 7* 



86 Descendants of Reginald Foster, [Jan. 

15. iv. Jonathan, 3 b. 6 March, 1667-8. 

16. v. William, 3 b. 1670. 

17. vi. Timothy, 3 b. 1672. 

18. vii. David, 3 b. 9 May, 1679. 

19. viii. Samuel, 3 b. 20 Feb. 1681. 
ix. Joseph, 3 b. 168-. 

In his will he gives his five sons, — Jonathan, "William, Timothy, David 
and Samuel, — all his salt marsh he had of his father Foster lying in Ipswich, 
which is to be enjoyed by his wife Mary and son Joseph during her widow- 
hood, his "son Samuel to keep son Joseph at his house to look out for 
him." Jonathan and Samuel were appointed executors. 

4. Jacob 2 (Reginald 1 ), born in England about 1635, was a resident of 
Ipswich, in which place he died 9 July, 1710. He was deacon of the first 
church. He married first, 12 Jan. 1658-9, Martha Kinsman, who died 15 
Oct. 1666; he married secondly, Abigail, daughter of Robert and Mary 
(Wait) Lord, 26 Feb. 1666-7. She survived him, dying 4 June, 1729. 

The grave of Deacon Foster is marked by a stone rudely carved ; the 
inscription is, — "Here lies Dec'n Jacob Foster, who died July ye 9th 1710, 
in ye 75 yr of His Age." 

Deacon Foster lived in the first house built by his father Reginald. It 
stood on the south side of the Ipswich river, near the stone bridge ; and on 
a portion of what is now the Heard Estate. The house lots as they were 
granted from the bridge, were given as follows: — 1. to John Proctor. His 
house, built in 1635, yet stands ; and is now owned by the venerable Capt. 
Samuel Baker. 2. Thomas Wells, probably a physician, as he had "phissic 
books." In 1677 mention is made of "the house that Thomas Wells built." 
3. Samuel Younglove. The house he doubtless built was taken down 
in 1862. 4. The Foster lot. An old "Foster House" remained on this lot 
till within the recollection of the present generation. Its last Foster 
occupant was an aged woman, known as "Molly Foster." 

The house was called in Ipswich "the old Foster house," as long as it 
stood. It was given by Reginald Foster at his death to Deacon Jacob, his 
son, and the Deacon lived in it. The deacon also owned another house, 
which he sold to Abraham Perkins, — son of John, and grandson of Elder 
John Perkins. For in the will of Hannah (Bemsley) Perkins, widow of 
Abraham, she bequeaths the house her husband bought of " Deacon Foster, 
dec'd," to three of her grandsons. His children were : 

i. Judith, 3 b. 20 Oct. 1659 ; d. 27 Jan. 1659-60. 

ii. John, 3 b. 1660 ; d. 1660. 

iii. Jacob, 3 b. 15 May, 1662 ; d. June, 1662. 

iv. Mary, 3 d. 11 Jan. 1666-7. 

v. Sarah, 3 b. 3 Aug. 1665 ; m. John Caldwell. 

20. vi. Abraham, 3 b. 4 Dec. 1667. 

21. vii. Jacob, 3 b. 25 March, 1670. 

viii. Amos, 3 b. 15 Aug. 1672 ; d. 12 Oct. 1672. 

ix. Abigail, 3 b. 3 July, 1674. 

x. Nathaniel, 3 b. 7 Oct. 1676 ; d. previous to 1710. 

xi. Samuel, 3 b. 10 Sept. 1678 ; " " " 

22. xii. JosErn, 3 b. 14 Sept. 1680. 

23. xiii. James, 3 b. 12 Nov. 1682. 

xiv. Mary, 3 b. 25 Dec. 1684, not mentioned in father's will. 

5. Reginald 2 (Reginald 1 ), of Chebacco, Ipswich, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of John Dane. He died 28 Dec. 1707, leaving an estate of 
about £350. His will was dated 11 July, 1704, and proved 10 Jan. 1708. 
His children were : 



1876.] Descendants of Reginald Foster. 87 

i. Elizabeth, 3 b. 1653 ; m. Simon Wood, 8 Aug. 1674. 

ii. Judith, 3 b. 20 Jan. 1659-60. 

24. iii. Isaac, 3 b. 1656. 
iv. Sarah. 3 

v. Mary, 3 b. 18 June, 1662. 

25. vi. John, 3 b. 15 July, 1664. 

vii. Rebecca, 3 b. 25 Feb. 1667; d. 1 July, 1684. 

viii. Naomi, 3 b. 6 May, 1669. 

ix. Ruth, 3 b. 19 Dec. 1671 ; d. 1 Jan. 1677. 

x. Eleanor, 3 b. 14 June, 1673. 

xi. Hannah, 3 b. 5 Oct. 1675. 

26. xii. Nathaniel, b. 19 Sept. 1678. 

Daniel Warner in his "Record" mentions the above children and no 
more, saying his " aunt Foster had," &c. — N. E. H. G. Register, vol. xv. 
p. 50. 

6. Ephraim 3 (Abraham, 2 Reginald 1 ), b. 9 Oct. 1657; d. at Andover, 
21 Sept. 1746. He was a blacksmith. His first wife was Hannah Eames, 
who died 8 July, 1731. His second was Mary West, of Bradford, probably 
widow of John West, to whom he was published 25 Nov. 1732, and married 
3 Jan. 1732-3. His children were: 

i. Rose, 4 b. 9 May, 1679 ; d. 25 Feb. 1692-3. 

ii. Hannah, 4 b. 28 May, 1682 ; d. young. 

iii. Hannah, 4 b. 25 May, 1684 ; m. Timothy Styles, of Boxford. 

iv. Jemima, 4 b. 25 Feb. 1686 ; m. Ezekiel Ladd. 

27. v. Ephraim, 4 b. 12 March, 1687-8. 

28. vi. John, 4 b. 26 March, 1690. 

vii. Gideon, 4 b. 13 May, 1692 ; d. 25 June, 1707. 

29. viii. David, 4 b. 18 April, 1694. 

30. ix. xMoses, 4 b. 27 Sept. 1696. 

31. x. Aaron, 4 b. 21 April, 1699. 

32. xi. Joshua, 4 b. 13 March, 1702. 

xii. Ruth, 4 b. 1703 ; m. Jacob Abbott, of Brookfield. 

7. Abraham 3 (Abraham, 2 Reginald 1 ), b. at Ipswich, 14 Oct. 1659 ; d. 
23 May, 1741. He m. Mary, dau. of Robert Robinson, of Newbury, 15 
Nov. 1693. His children were: — 

33. i. Abraham, 4 b. 12 June, 1696; bapt. at Topsfield, 12 July. 

34. ii. Nathan, 4 b. 17 May, 1700. 

35. iii. Daniel, 4 b. 13 April, 1705; bapt. at Topsfield, 15 April. 

8. Isaac 3 (Abraham, 2 Reginald 1 ), b. at Ipswich, 16 — ; d. 13 Feb. 
1717. Made his will "upon going out upon his country's service." 

Upon a chart sent me by Moses Foster, cashier National Bank, Andover, 
I find the following : " had one son Ebenezer, who settled at Rowley," but I 
think this must be wrong. 

9. Benjamin 3 (Abraham, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 1670; 
removed to Topsfield, then to Boxford, finally to Lunenburg, where he died 
12 Sept. 1735. He was a 'weaver' by trade. While of Boxford, he sold 
" to Thos. Potter J of one of the 2 rights granted to the heirs of Abraham 
Foster by his father Rennold, in Bush hill & Turner's 8 th8 , so that the J of 
one I have sold depended from my grandfather Renold, to my father 
Abraham, and from him to me." 29 May, 1727. — (Essex Deeds, v. p. 50.) 
His wife's name was Ann. He had the following children : 

36. i. Benjamin, 4 b. 25 Nov. 1700 ; bapt. 27 Nov. 

37. ii. Amos, 4 b. 28 April, 1702; bapt. 10 May. 
iii. Deborah, 4 b. 7 May, 1704. 

iv. Kezia, 4 b. 4 May, 1707. 



88 Descendants of Reginald Foster, [Jan. 

38. v. Gideon, 4 b. 10 Oct. 1709. 

vi. Jemima, 4 b. 24 12 [Feb.] 1711-12 ; d. young. 

The above were born in Ipswich. 

39. vii. Isaac, 4 b. 3 Dec. 1722 ; bapt. Dec. 1722, 
viii. Jemima, 4 bapt. Dec. 1725. 

These two were born in Boxford. 

Widow Ann Foster, Kezia and Isaac were cautioned at Billerica, 1739. 

10. Ebenezer 3 (Abraham? Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 15 July, 
1672; here moved to Rowley, where he married, 23 Jan. 1705-6, Mary 
Borman. He was a husbandman. His will, dated 5 June, 1717, was 
proved 14 April, 1718. Caleb and Isaac, his brothers, were executors. 
Mary, his wife, died 19 June, 1716. Their children were: 

i. Jemima, 4 b. and bapt. 6 Feb. 1706-7 ; d. 12 March, 1706-7. 
ii. Ruth, 4 b. 23 Jan. 1709-10 ; bapt. 5 Feb. 1709-10. 

40. iii. Moses, 4 b. 5 Oct. 1713. 

11. Caleb 3 (Abraham? Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 9 Nov. 1677. 
He was published on 26 April, 1702, and married on the 9 June, 1702, to 
Mary Sherwin, of Ipswich. He died 25 Jan. 1766. Their children 
were: 

i. Lydia, 4 b. 14 May, 1703 ; bapt. 16 May ; pub. Nathan Dresser. 

41. ii. Jonathan, 4 b. 30 Nov. 1704; bapt. 3 Dec. 
iii. Sarah, 4 b. 3 7 [Sept.] 1706 ; bapt. 8 Sept. 

42. iv. Caleb, 4 b. 5 June, 1708. 

43. v. Stephen, 4 b. 24 April, 1710 ; bapt. 30 April, 
vi. Mary, 4 bapt. 30 Dec. 1711. 

vii. Sarah, 4 bapt. 11 Sept. 1715. 

viii. Philemon, 4 b. 2 June, 1713 ; bapt. 6 June ; d. previous 1766. 

ix. John, 4 bapt. 10 Nov. 1717; d. previous 1766. 

In deeding, in 1766, his property to his sons, as he does not mention 
Philemon or John, it is to be presumed that they died before that date. 

12. Jacob 3 (Isaac? Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 9 Feb. 1662; 
removed to Topsfield as early as 1686, where all his children were baptized. 
In 1718 he removed to Lebanon, Conn. He married first, Sarah, daughter 
of Isaiah Wood, 12 Sept. 1688, who died 27 Sept. 1697; secondly, Mary 
Edwards, 20 May, 1700. Jacob and his wife Mary were dismissed the 
church at Topsfield, 29 Jan. 1718, and admitted to the church at Lebanon, 
6 July, 1718. His children were : 

44. i. Benjamin, 4 bapt. 6 Oct. 1689. 
ii. Mary, 4 b. 13 May, bapt. 17 May, 1691. 
iii. Isaac, 4 b. 13 March, bapt. 16 March, 1701 ; d. 27 Dec. 1703. 

45. iv. John, 4 b. 11 Sept., bapt. 13 Sept. 1702. 
v. Ezekiel, 4 bapt. 31 Dec. 1704 ; d. 20 Oct. 1727, Lebanon, Conn, 
vi. Martha, 4 bapt. 24 — , 1709. 

46. vii. David, 4 bapt. 29 April, 1711. 

47. viii. Jonathan, 4 b. 3 June, 1711. 

13. Daniel 3 (Isaac? Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 14 Nov. 1670; 
resided in Topsfield, where his children were born, until 1718, when he 
removed to Lebanon, Conn., where in company with his brother Jacob and 
with his wife Mary were admitted to church there at the same time. His 
will, dated 4 May, 1746, was proved 19 Nov. 1753. He married, first, 
Katherine Freese, of Topsfield, 2 March, 1693, who died 3 March, 1694-5; 
secondly, Mary, daughter of Samuel and Mary (Seaver) Dresser, of Rowley, 
4 Dec. 1696. His children were: 





l. 




ii. 




iii. 




iv. 


/} 


v. 




vi. 


49. 


vii. 




viii 


50. 


ix. 



1876.] Descendants of Reginald Foster. 89 

Katherine, 4 b. 21 Aug., bapt. 23 Aug. 1696. 

Mary, 4 b. 24 Feb. 1697 ; d. 23 Jan. 1698-9. 

Hepsibah, 4 b. 7 May, 1700. 

Meiiitable, 4 b. 16 Oct., bapt. 19 Oct. 1701; m. Daniel Dennison at 

Lebanon, Conn. 
Phineas, 4 b. 19 July, bapt. 25 July, 1703. 
Hannah, 4 b. 29 April, bapt. 6 May, 1705 ; d. young. 
Jeremiah, 4 b. 16 June, 1707 ; bapt. 15 Jan. 1707-8. 
Hannah, 4 bapt. 5 Jan. 1709 ; unm. 1746. 
Asa, 4 b. 15, 11 1710 f 15 Jan. 1710-11] ; bapt. 21 Jan. 1710-11. 

14. Eleazer 3 (Isaac* Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 6 April, 1684. 
He died there 15 Nov. 1771. He was a weaver. He was published to 
Eliza Fiske, 6 Dec. 1703, who died 19 Feb. 1758. Their children were:— 

i. Elizabeth, 4 bapt. 17 Feb. 1705. 

51. ii. Habijah, or Abijah, 4 bapt. Jan. 1707-8. 

52. iii. John, 4 b. 20 May, 1714. 

15. Jonathan 3 (William* Reginald 1 ) was born in Boxford, 6 March, 
1667-8 ; died there 21 May, 1730. No will or settlement of estate on 
record. He married Abigail, daughter of John and Sarah Kimball, 14 
Dec. 16 — . She was born 29 April, 1677. They were admitted to the 
church, 21 Sept. 1702-3. Their children were: 

53. i. Jonathan, 4 b. 15 Sept. 16—. 

ii. Abigail, 4 b. 22 Nov. 1697 ; m. Jacob Tyler, of Andover. 

54. iii. Zebadiah, 4 b. 28 Sept. 1702. 

16. William 3 (William, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Rowley Village, 
afterwards Boxford, 1670; removed to Andover, 1697-8, and died there 29 
Aug. 1755, in his 86th year. He was a weaver, and in his will he gave to 
his son Asa his " Weaver's loom." He was at first a member of the North 
Parish in Andover, but in 1711 he was one of thirty-five who were dismissed 
to form the South Church. He married, first, Sarah, daughter of John and 
Sarah Kimball, of Boxford, 6 July, 169-. She was born 19 Sept. 1669; 
died 6 Nov. 1729. Secondly, Margaret Gould, 13 Nov. 1744, who sur- 
vived him. His children were : 

i. Sarah, 4 b. 20 April, 169-, in Boxford ; bapt. 15 July, 1693, in Topsfield ; 

m. Neheraiah Abbot. 
ii. Mary, 4 b. 2 Jan. 1698, in Boxford ; m. Timothy Abbot. 

55. iii. John, 4 b. 27 Sept. 1701, in Andover. 
iv Hannah, 4 m. John Lovejoy. 
v. Lydia, 4 b. 1707 ; m. David Blunt. 

56. vi. Asa, 4 b 16 June, 1710. 

An account of his real estate transactions can be found in " One Line of 
the Descendants of William Foster," by Perley Derby, p. 20. 

17. Timothy 3 (William, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Boxford, 1672. He 
married, first, Mary, daughter of Ephraim and Martha Dorman. He 
received from his father-in-law, 4 Sept. 1718, 100 acres of land for the 
benefit of his children by Mary, she being then deceased ; said land being 

formerly in Coxhall, now Swansfield, Me. He married, secondly, Ruth . 

His children were : 

Jeremiah, 4 b. 4 May, 1701. 

David, 4 b. 17 Aug. bapt. 20 Aug. 1704. 

Amos, 4 bapt. 1 Feb. 1713. 

Mary, 4 b. 21 June, 1718 ; d. youn^. 

Reisecca, 4 bapt. June, 1710; m. Solomon Gould. 

Mary, 4 b. June, 1720. 



57. 


i. 


58. 


ii. 


59. 


iii. 




iv. 




v. 




vi. 



90 Descendants of Reginald Foster. [Jan. 

18. David 3 (William? Reginald}) was born in Boxford, 9 May, 1679. 
He removed to Haverhill after the birth of his second child, where he was 
living in 1725. He married there Mary Black. There is no will or set- 
tlement of his estate on record. He was a joiner and yeoman. His child- 
ren were : 

60. i Abial, 4 b. 2 May, 1702. 

61. ii. Phineas, 4 b. 5 June, 1704. 

62. iii. Simon, 4 b. 17 June, 1707. 
iv. Hannah, 4 b. 29 Oct. 1709. 
v. Lydia, 4 b. 28 Feb. 1712. 
vi. Grace, 4 b. 20 May, 1714. 
vii. Dorcas, 4 b. 1 April, 1717. 

19. Samuel 3 (William? Reginald 1 ) was b. in Boxford, 20 Feb. 1681-2 ; 
died there 30 August, 1747. He married Mary Macoon, of Cambridge, 2 
Sept. 1703. She died 6 Dec. 1740. Their children were : 

i. Samuel, 4 bapt. 27 JaD. 1705 ; d. young. 

63. ii. Thomas, 4 bapt. 23 May, 1708. 

iii. Mercy, 4 b. 23 Oct., bapt. 30 Oct. 1710. 

64. iv. William, 4 b. 22 July f bapt. 2 Aug. 1711. 
v. Mary, 4 b. 5 May ; bapt. 5 July, 1719. 

vi. Samuel, 4 bapt. Jan. 1721-2 ; d. 15 Feb. 1748. 

20. Abraham 3 ((Jacob, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 4 Dec. 1667? 
where he died 25 Dec. 1720-1. Administration on his estate was granted 
his widow, 27 Jan. 1720-1. He was a carpenter. His wife was Abigail 

She died 8 Oct. 1732. Their children were : 

Jeremiah. 4 

Abraham, 4 b. 11 April ; d. 20 May, 1702. 

Nathaniel. 4 b. 11 (2), 1706 ; d. young. 

Abraham, 4 b. 5 (6), 1716. 

Nathaniel, 4 b. 9 Aug. 1719. 

Judith, 4 b. 15 March, 1713 ; d. unm. before 1735. 

Abigail, 4 m. Daniel Safford. 
yiii. Mary, 4 b. 15 May, 1715. 
ix. Sarah, 4 m. John Rust. 

21. Jacob 3 (Jacob, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 25 March, 1670, 
and died there 6 March, 1758. He was a blacksmith. He was thrice mar- 
ried: first to Mary, dau. of John and Sarah Caldwell, 5 March, 1697. She 
was born 26 Feb. 1672; d. 2 April, 1709. Secondly to Martha Graves, 
to whom he was published 10 Dec. 1709. Thirdly to Mary Willis, to 
whom he was published 14 Oct. 1742. His children were : 

i. Jacob, 4 b. 9 May, 1697 : d. young. 

68. ii. William, 4 b. 11 May, 1699. 

iii. Mary, 4 b. 19 March, 1700 ; m. Jacob Louden. 

iv. Abigail, 4 b. 27 Sept. 1703 ; m. William Holland. 

v. Israel, 4 b. 3 March, 1706-7 ; not mentioned in father's will. 

69. vi. Nathaniel, 4 b. 14 Dec. 1712. 

vii. Anne, 4 b. April, 1715 ; m. Robert Mitchell, 
viii. Martha, 4 m. Richard Harris. 

22. Joseph 3 (Jacob, 2 Reginald}) was born in Ipswich, 14 Sept. 1680, 
in which place he died 22 Feb. 1755. He was a cordwainer. He attend- 
ed the South Meeting-House, owning one half of a gallery pew. His estate 
was valued at £215 11 7. He married first, Elizabeth Goodwin, 23 
Jan. 1704. Secondly, Mary Cressy, of Salem, to whom he was published 
20 July, 1712. Thirdly, Sarah, dau. of Nicholas and Mary (Linforth) 





• 


65. 


i. 
ii. 


66. 
67. 


iii. 
iv. 
v. 




vi. 




vii. 





i. 




ii. 


70. 


iii. 


71. 


iv. 


72. 


v. 




vi. 


73. 


vii. 



1876.] Descendants of Reginald Foster. 91 

Brown, to whom he was published 30 (11) 1714. She was born in Haver- 
hill 3 March, \§Sb-^ d. May, 1761. His children were : 

Eliza, 4 b. 23 (12), 1706 ; not mentioned in father's will. 
Samuel, 4 b. 16 April, 1709 ; d. 5 Sept. 1730. 
Joseph, 4 b. 14 Feb. 1714. 
James, 4 b. 4 March, 1716. 
Nathan, 4 b. 19 Feb. 1717-8. 
Sarah, 4 bapt. 13 Jan. 1722; d. 24 March, 1722. 
Isaac. 4 
viii. Sarah, 4 bapt. 23 Feb. 1723 ; d. 30 April, 1729. 

74. ix. Jacob, 4 b. and bapt. 27 March, 1726. 

x. Ebenezer, 4 bapt. 6 Nov. 1720 ; not mentioned in father's will. 

75. xi. Abraham, 4 bapt. 27 Oct. 1728. 

23. James 3 {Jacob, 2 Reginald 1 -) was born in Ipswich, 12 Nov. 1682. 
His will, dated 20 April, and proved 6 May, 1751, gives the use of his 
estate, valued at £165 : 17 : 6, to his wife Aama during her life, afterwards to 
the children of his brothers Jacob, Abraham and Joseph, and brother-in- 
law John Caldwell. He married Anna Cross 15 May, 1706-7, but left no 
issue. His widow was published to Benjamin Fowler, of Rowley, 23 July, 
1756. 

24. Isaac 3 (Reginald? Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 1656. He was 
styled " corporal." Administration on his estate was granted to son Jonathan, 
15 Dec. 1741. (Essex Probate Records, vol. xxiii. p. 41. Estate £124.15.) 
Jonathan was appointed administrator of the estate of his mother, Abigail, 
30 Oct. 1749. (Essex Probate Records, vol. xxix. p. 28). The children 
of Isaac were : 

i. Hannah, 4 b. 16 Feb. 1681. 

76. ii. Jonathan. 4 

77. iii. Isaac 4 

78. iv. Jacob. 4 
v. Abigail. 4 

vi. Freeborn, 4 bapt. 28 Jan. 1727-8 ; m. Isaac Balch. 

25. John 3 (Reginald 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 15 July, 1664, 
where he died 9 Dec. 1736. He was styled "Sergeant." He lived in 
Chebacco Village. His wife was Mary . Their children were : 

Jeremiah, 4 b. 1691. 

Moses, 4 b. 1697. 

John. 4 

Joshua, 4 d. unm., a mariner. 

Martha, 4 m. Jonathan Burnam. 

Elizabeth, 4 m. Daniel Smith. 

26. Nathaniel 3 (Reginald 2 Reginald}) was born in Ipswich, 19 Sept. 
1678, and lived in Chebacco Parish. His will, dated 9 Dec. 1756, was 
proved 21 June, 1762. He married Joanna Marshall, 19 April, 1704. She 
died 27 May, 1762. Their children were : 

i. DiNAn, 4 b. 17—, d. 23 July, 1781, aged about 78 years, 

ii. Sarah, 4 b. 18 March, 1706 ; m. William Holmes, 

iii. Hannah, 4 b. 27 April, 1710 ; d. 5 Aug. 1794, unm. 

iv. Mary, 4 b. 18 Aug. 1713 ; d. 24 Sept. 1773. unm. 

v. Jemima, 4 b. 29 May, 1721 ; d. 22 July, 1797. 

82. vi. Nathaniel. 4 

27. EpnRAiM 4 (Ephraim? Abraham 2 Reginald}) was born in Andover, 
12 March, 1687-8. He died there 8 April, 1738. His wife was Abigail, 



79. 


i. 


80. 


ii. 


81. 


iii. 




iv. 




v. 




vi. 



92 Descendants, of Reginald Foster. [Jan. 

dau. of Joseph Poor, of Newbury, to whom he was published 16 Jan. 1715- 
16. She died 28 Aug. 1747, having married, after Mr. Foster's death, 
Lieut. Nathaniel Frie. Their children were : 

i. Jedidiah, 5 b. 7 Oct. 1718 ; d. young. 

ii. Sally, 5 d. young. 

iii. Hannah, 5 b. 3 April, 1725 ; d. 7 March, 1725-6. 

iv. Jedidiah, 5 b. 10 Oct. 1726. 

v. Naomi. 5 

vi. Hannah, 5 b. 23 March, 1730 ; d. 18 Dec. 1736. 

28. John 4 (Ephr aim* Abraham, 3 Reginald 1 ) was born in Andover, 26 
March, 1690. His will was proved 7 Dec. 1778. He married first, Re- 
becca Roe, of Boxford, 7 Jan. 1714-15. Secondly, Dorcas, dau. of Luke 
Hovey, to whom he was published 17 Sept. 1732. His children were : 

i. John, 5 b. 17 Feb. 1716. 

ii. Jemima, 5 b. 19 May, 1717 ; d. 24 Jan. 1736-7. 

iii. Stephen, 5 b. 14 Aug. 1720. 

iv. Nathan, 5 b. 4 July, bapt. 7 July, 1734. 

v. Rebecca, 5 b. 20 Nov. 1735 ; d. 18 Jan. 1736-7. 

vi. Jemima, 5 b. 22 Nov. 1741 ; d. young. 

29. David 4 (Ephraim? Abraham, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Andover, 
18 April, 1694; died there 22 June, 1759. He was a deacon of the 
church. He was thrice married: first to Elizabeth Abbott, 25 Nov. 1714. 
She died 1 Dec. 1715. Secondly, to Lydia Farnum, 29 Aug. 1716. She 
died 21 March, 1745-6. Thirdly, to Judith Norton, of Salisbury, to whom 
he was published 17 Sept. 1748. After his death she married Nehemiah 
Carleton, of Bradford, to whom she was published 14 June, 1760. His 
children were : 

i. Ebenezer, 5 b. 23 Nov. 1715. 

ii. David, 5 b. 20 Dec. 1717 ; d. 22 Dec. 1736. 

iii. Lydia, 5 b. 31 July, 1720 ; d. 24 Aug. 1736. 

iv. Mehitabel, 5 b. 21 May, 1730 ; ra. Nathan Andrews. 

v. Rebecca, 5 b. 25 July, bapt. 30 July, 1732. 

vi. Elizabeth, 5 m. Benjamin Stiles, of Boxford. 

vii. Huth, 5 m. Benjamin Porter, Jr. 

viii. David, 5 d. young. 

ix. Gideon. 5 

30. Moses 4 (Ephraim* Abraham, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Andover, 
27 Sept. 1696. He removed to New-Hampshire, living in Suncook and 
Pembroke, Merrimack Co. He was in the latter place as early as 1746. 
His will, dated 12 March, was proved 7 Dec. 1766, at Exeter, N. H. He 
married Elizabeth Rodgers, of Boxford, to whom he was published 27 Nov. 
1719. She died 2 Oct. 1729. He then married Mary Gray, 26 Nov. 1730. 
His children were : 

i. AsA, 5 b. 15 April, 1721. 

ii. Moses, 5 b. 25 March, 1723 ; d. young. 

iii. Daniel, 5 b. 7 Jan. 1726. 

iv . Moses , 5 b . 26 March , 1728 . 

v. Ephraim, 5 b. 30 Aug. 1731 ; d. young. 

vi. Henry, 5 b. 23 July, 1733 ; d. 16 Jan. 1736-7. 

vii. Mary, 5 b. 21 March, 1736 ; d. 29 Jan. 1736-7. 

viii. Mary, 5 b. 27 Dec. 1737 ; m. Conner. 

ix. Elizabeth, 5 b. 3 March, 1740. 
x. Henry, 5 b. 8 March, 1742. 
xi. Caleb. 5 
xii. Sarah, 5 m. Francis Carr. 



1876.] Descendants of Reginald Foster. 93 

31. Aaron 4 (Ephraim 3 Abraham, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Andover, 
21 April, 1699. Settled in Bolton. He married Martha Smith, 13 March, 
1721-2. His children were : 

i. Penelope, 3 b. 6 Jan. 1723 ; d. 29 Aug. 1724. 

ii. Martha, 5 b. 12 March, 1725; d. 7 July, 1735. 

iii. Elijah, 5 b. 11 March, 1727. 

iv. Israel, 5 b. 17 July, 1729. 

v. Eleanor. 5 

vi. Penelope, 5 b. 30 Jan. 1732. 

32. Joshua 4 {Ephraim 3 Abraham 2 Reginald}) was born in Andover, 
13 March, 1702. He married first, Mary Barker, 7 May, 1730. Second- 
ly, Mary Town, 17 Aug. 1769. His children were: 

i. Joshua, 5 b. 19 May, 1731. 

ii. Nathan, 5 b. 11 Aug. 1733 ; d. 20 Oct. 1752. 

iii. Isaac, 5 b. 25 May, 1736 ; d. 7 Sept. 1738. 

iv. Hannah, 5 b. 9 April, 1739 ; m. Phineas Tyler, of Andover. 

v. Mary, 5 b. 23 Nov. 1741 ; d. 10 Dec. 1747. 

vi. Isaac, 5 b. 10 Feb. 1745 ; d. 12 Jan. 1747-8. 

vii. Susan, 5 b. 17 Nov. 1747 ; in. Samuel . 

viii. Mart, 5 b. 22 March, 1750 ; m. Bradstreet Tyler, of Boxford, 13 April. 

1769, in Atkinson, N. H. ; having been published in Andover 29 

March, 1769, and forbidden by her father. 

33. Abraham 4 (Abraham 3 Abraham 2 Reginald}) was born in Ipswich, 

12 June, 1696. He was a carpenter. Administration on his estate was 
granted to his son Thomas, 29 June, 1767. He was published at Topsfield, 
5 April, 1718, to Sarah Dunnell. She was admitted to the church at Tops- 
field, 2 July, 1732. Their children were : 

i. Abraham, 5 b. 4 May, 1719. 

ii. Sarah, 5 b. 4 May, 1721 ; m. Adams. 

iii. Thomas, 5 b. 11 Aug. 1724. 

iv. Hannah, 5 b. 18 Sept. 1726 ; d. 1802, unm. 

v. Amos, 5 bapt. 22 Dec. 1728. 

vi. Ruth, 5 bapt. 17 March, 1734 ; d. 1806, unm. 

vii. Abigail, 5 bapt. 3 April, 1737. 

34. Nathan 4 {Abraham 3 Abraham 2 Reginald}) was born in Ipswich, 
17 May, 1700. 

This may be the Nathan who settled in Stafford, Conn., about 1720, and 
was the ancestor of the Hon. Lafayette S. Foster, of Norwich, Conn. At 
present there is no proof of the identity of these two Nathans. 

35. Daniel 4 {Abraham 3 Abraham 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 

13 April, 1705. He was living in Rowley in 1724, and in Ipswich as late 
as 1746-7. He married first, Hannah Black, of Rowley, to whom he was 
published 1 Jan. 1724. Secondly, to Elizabeth Davis, of Rowley, 1G May, 
1733. His children were : 

i. Isaac, 5 b. 19 Feb. 1725. 

ii. Mbh v, 5 1). 14 Aug. 1727. 

iii. Danikl, 5 b. 28 Aug. 1729. 

iv. Hannah, 8 )». 20 Sept. 1731. 

v. Elizaiietu, 5 b. March, 1733-4. 

30. BENJAMIN 4 (Benjamin , 3 Abraham? Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 
25 Nov. 1700; died there L9 Dec. 177o, of asthma. He was a physi- 
cian. Felt, in his History of Ipswich. Bay« of him: " He had been in the 
practice of his profession over fifty years, was a distinguished botanist, :<■ 

VOL. XXX. 8 



94 Descendants of Reginald Foster. [Jan. 

skilful and successful physician." He married Sarah Low, a widow, 22 
June, 1761. 

Benjamin Foster, Boxford, and Lydia Burbank, were first published 30 
Aug. 1730. This may have been the first marriage of Benjamin. 

37. Amos 4 (Benjamin? Abraham? Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 28 
April, 1702; bapt. 10 May, 1702. Removed to Boxford with his father, 
thence to Tewksbury, where he was in 1730. His will was proved 17 June, 
1754. He married Elizabeth Kittredge, of Haverhill, 8 Oct. 1725. His 
children were : 

i. James. 6 iii. Amos. 5 

ii. Jonathan. 5 iv. Mary. 5 

38. Gideon 4 (Benjamin? Abraham? Reginald}) was born in Ipswich, 10 

Oct. 1709 ; resided in Danvers ; died ,1772. He was a mason. He 

married, first, Lydia Goldthwait, 10 Feb. 1731-2; she was born 7 May, 
1710. Secondly, Deborah . His children were: 

i. Lydia, 5 b. 22 May, 1733 ; d. 23 May, 1741. 

ii. Gideon, 5 b. 23 May, 1741 ; d. 13 June, 1741. 

iii. Lydia, 5 b. 12 April, 1747; m. Abel Osborn. 

iv. Gideon, 5 b. 13 Feb. 1748-9. 

v. Benjamin, 5 b. 12 June, 1750. 

39. Isaac 4 (Benjamin? Abraham? Reginald 1 ) was born in Boxford, 3 
Dec. 1722, probably removed to Lunenburg with his father. 

40. Moses 4 (Ebenezer? Abraham? Reginald 1 ) was born in Rowley, 5 
Oct. 1713, removed to Arundel (now Cape Porpoise), York Co., Maine, where 
he was living in 1735. He was married at Ipswich, to Hannah Andrews, of 
Boxford, 10 March, 1736-7. 

41. Jonathan 4 (Caleb? Abraham? Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 30 
Nov. 1704; died there May, 1779. He married, first, Jemima Cummings, 
1 Jan. 1733-4. Secondly, Dorcas Porter, 17 Dec. 1751, at Topsfield. 
His children were : 

i. Affe, 5 b. 4 Dec. 1734. 

ii. Philemon, 5 b. 11 June, 1737. 

iii. Apphia, 5 b. 16 Jan. 1739. 

iv. Jemima, 5 b. 1 April, 1742. 

v. Olive, 5 b. 20 Aug. 1744. 

vi. Jonathan, 5 b. 16 Sept. 1753. 

vii. Moses, 5 b. 3 April, 1755. 
viii. Dorcas, 5 b. 18 Dec. 1756. 

ix. Mary, 5 b. 10 June, 1759. 

x. Caleb, 5 b. 8 Dec. 1760. 

xi. Mercy, 5 b. 20 Jan. 1764. 

xii. Salome, 5 b. 4 Nov. 1766. 

42. Caleb 4 ( Caleb? Abraham? Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 5 June, 
1708. He was married at Rowley, to Priscilla Baxter, 4 Nov. 1729. 
Caleb Foster, Jr. and wife Priscilla, make deed to Thomas Foster, Ipswich, 
14 Jan. 1763 ; this is the latest we find any account of him. There is no 
record of any children. 

43. Stephen 4 ( Caleb? Abraham? Reginald}) was born in Ipswich, 24 
April, 1710, lived in Topsfield, where he died 15 Jan. 1781. There is no 
settlement of his estate on record. He married Rebecca, daughter of Deacon 
Jacob and Rebecca (Barker) Peabody, 21 April, 1737. She was born in 
Topsfield, 3 Feb. 1715 ; died 23 March, 1790. His children were: 



1876.] Descendants of Reginald Foster, 95 

i. Stephen,* b. 13 July, 1741. 

ii. Nathaniel, 5 b. 9 Jan. 1743-4 ; d. 23 Jan. 1743-4. 

iii. Abigail, 3 b. 25 Feb. 1746 ; m. Philemon Perkins. 

iv. Jacob, 5 b. 26 July, 1749 ; d. 28 Jan. 1770, " a young man." 

44. Benjamin 4 (Jacob, 3 Isaac, 2 Reginald 1 ) was baptized in Ipswich, 6 
Oct. 1689. He removed to Lebanon, Conn. 

45. John 4 (Jacob, 3 Isaac, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 13 Sept- 
1702. Removed to Lebanon, Conn., where he owned covenant 23 Feb. 1729* 
He married Hannah Thorp, 26 Aug. 1724. She owned covenant 3 Dec. 1727- 

46. David 4 (Jacob 3 Isaac 2 Reginald 1 ) was baptized in Topsfield, 29 

April, 1711. Removed to Lebanon, Conn. He married Althea . 

His children were : 

i. Reuben, 5 b. 3 April, 1733. 

ii. Elijah, 5 b. 26 Feb. 1734-5. 

iii. Eliab, 5 b. 18 April, 1737. 

iv. Lucy, 5 b. 14 Sept. 1740. 

47. Jonathan 4 (Jacob 3 Isaac, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Topsfield, 3 
June, 1711. Removed to Lebanon, Conn. 

48. Phineas 4 (Daniel 2 Isaac 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Topsfield, 16 
July, 1703. Removed to Lebanon, Conn., where he married Lydia Hill, 
1 May, 1735. He had : 

i. Phebe, 5 b. 5 April, 1736. 

49. Jeremiah 4 {Daniel, 3 Isaac 2 Reginald}) was born in Topsfield, 19 
June, 1707. Removed to Lebanon, Conn. He married there Mary Skinner. 
His children were : 

i. Samuel, 5 b. 13 Feb. 1731-2 ; d. 23 Feb. 1731-2. 
ii. Mary, 5 b. 3 July, 1733. 
iii. Jeremiah, 5 b. 9 May, 1735. 
iv. Nathaniel, 5 b. 27 Feb. 1738. 

50. Asa 4 (Daniel 3 Isaac 2 Reginald}) was born in Topsfield, 15 (11), 

1710. Removed to Lebanon, Conn. He married Hannah ■ . His 

children were: 

i. Mary, 5 b. 20 May, 1745 ; d. 25 June, 1751. 

ii. Samuel, 5 b. and d. 5 April, 1747. 

iii. Daniel, 5 b. 26 Feb. 1747-8. 

iv. Asa, 5 b. 22 April, 1750. 

v. Mary, 5 b. 24 Sept. 1753. 

vi. William, 5 b. 24 Oct. 1755. 

vii. Hannah, 5 b. 5 May, 1757. 

51. Habijah 4 or Abijah 4 (Eleazer, 3 Isaac 2 Reginald 1 ) was baptized in 
Ipswich, Jan. 1707-8. Removed to New Ipswich, N. H., probably being 
sent there by the grantees about 1734. His was the first family that went 
there, and he must be considered as the first settler. In 1736 he was in 
Ipswich, but he soon returned, for his son Ebenezer was the first child born 
in New Ipswich. In 1758 or 9, with his son Ebenezer, enlisted in the army 
against the French and Indians. While encamped near Crownpoint both 
father and son died of small-pox. He married Mary Knowlton, of Ip- 
swich, 13 Dec. 1733. During the revival of 1786, she joined the Rev. 
Mr. FarrelPs church. His children were: 

i. Mary, 5 b. in Ipswich, Aug. 1736. 

ii. Ebenezer, 5 b. in N. Ipswich, about 1739 ; d. 1759. 



96 Descendants of Reginald Foster. [Jan. 

iii. Elizabeth,* b. in N. Ipswich about 1741 ; m. { wmia^Hodgkim. 

iv. Samuel. 5 

v. Daniel. 5 

vi. Ephraim. 5 

vii. Hepsey, 5 b. 1759 ; m. Isaac Appleton. 

52. John 4 (Eleazer? Isaac, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 20 May, 
1714; was probably a weaver, for that was his father's occupation, and 
Essex Deeds 83, 105, 1 Dec. 1741, Eleazer Foster, Ipswich, weaver, sells 
to John Foster, weaver, J acre land bounded on that of John Manning. 

53. Jonathan 4 (Jonathan? William 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Boxford, 15 
Sept. 16 — ; baptized 1693. He married Hannah, daughter of William and 
Hannah (Hale) Peabody. She was born Aug. 1693. His children were: 

i. Oliver, 5 b. 17 Aug. 1719, at Boxford. 

ii. Hannah, 5 b. 15 Dec. 1721, at Boxford. 

iii. Jonathan, 5 b. 11 Oct. 1727, at Haverhill, 

iv. William, 5 b. 9 Nov. 1729, at Haverhill, 

v. Richard, 5 b. 20 Feb. 1732-3, at Boxford. 

Jonathan Foster, of Boxford, sold land in Chester, N. H., in 1762. 
Witnesses, Oliver and Richard Foster. Exeter Deeds. 

54. Zebadiah 4 (Jonathan? William? Reginald 1 ) was born in Boxford? 
28 Sept. 1702. He and his wife were admitted to the church there, 28 
Jan. 1728. He was living in 1771. He married Margaret Tyler, to whom 
he was published 12 Jan. 1723-4. His children were : 

. Margaret, 5 b. 13 July, 1724. 

i. Lydia, 5 b. 24 Feb. 1725-6. 

ii. Anne, 5 b. 13 May, 1728 ; d. 9 April, 1748. 

v. Zebadiah, 5 b. 14 Dec. 1730 ; d. 8 Nov. 1734. 
v. Abner, 5 b. 23 April, 1733. 
vi. Zebadiah, 5 b. 25 Aug. 1735. 
vii. Dudley, 5 b. 21 Feb. 1737. 

viii. Abigail, 5 b. 25 June, 1740 ; m. Nathan Kimball, Jr., of Boxford. 
ix. Lucy, 5 b. 25 March, 1747. 

55. John 4 ( William? William? Reginald}) was born in Andover, 27 
Sept. 1701 ; died there 17 June, 1773. He was a yeoman, and possess- 
ed considerable land. In the history of Andover he is styled captain. He 
appears to have been a man of some influence, and with his brother Asa was 
appointed on a committee to instruct the representative at the General 
Court to enter a protest against the Stamp Act. Again in 1768 the two 
brothers were on a committee to frame resolutions to induce the inhabi- 
tants to " ignore extravagance, idleness and vice, and to promote manufac- 
tures, industry, economy and good morals in the town, and discountenance 
importation and the use of foreign superfluities." He married Mary Os- 
good, 13 Jan. 1724-5. She died 6 April, 1772. His children were : 

i. William, 5 b. 24 Sept. 1727 ; d. 8 April, 1729. 

ii. John, 5 b. 22 March, 1729 ; d. 7 April, 1729. 

iii. William, 5 b. 4 March, 1730. 

iv. A son, 5 b. and d. 13 Jan. 1732. 

v. John, 5 b. 14 Feb. 1733. 

vi. Mary, 5 b. 12 Jan. 1735 ; d. 7 Dec. 1763. 

vii. Isaac, 5 b. 28 April, 1737. 

viii. Gideon, 5 b. 21 Aug. 1739. 

ix. Obadiah, 5 b. 25 May, 1741. 

x. Solomon, 5 b. 14 April, 1743. 

xi. Osgood, 5 b. 10 Nov., d. 15 Nov. 1745. 



1876.] Descendants of Reginald Foster. 97 

5Q. Asa, 4 Captain (William, 3 William, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ando- 
ver, 16 June, 1710. He died there 17 July, 1787, leaving an estate 
valued at £830 16s. 7d. He owned 160 acres of land in Canterbury, N. H., 
besides large tracts of upland, meadow, &c, in Andover. 8 March, 1776, 
he was appointed one of the members of a committee of the town, on Cor- 
respondence, Inspection and Safety. He married first, Elizabeth, dau. of 
John Abbot, 26 Oct. 1732. She was born 1712, died 4 July, 1758. Sec- 
ondly, Lucy Rogers, of Ipswich, to whom he was published 10 Dec. 1763. 
She died 17 Oct. 1787. His children were: 

i. Asa, 5 b. 29 Aug. 1733. 

ii. Abiel, 6 b. 8 Auaj. 1735. 

iii. Daniel, 6 b. 25 Sept. 1737. 

iv. David, 6 b. 7 May, 1740 ; d. 14 Oct. 1740, at Canterbury, N. H. 

v. David, 6 b. 24 Dee. 1741. 

vi. Elizabeth, 6 b. 14 April, 1744 ; m. Gen. Nathaniel Lovejoy. 

vii. Jonathan, 6 b. 28 July, 1747. 

viii. Sarah, 6 b. 15 Feb. 1750 ; m. Bradley. 

ix. Lucy, 6 b. 1 Feb. 1765 ; d. 1 Nov. 1845. 

57. Jeremiah 4 (Timothy 3 William 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Boxford, 
4 May, 1701; died 15 Aug. 1785. He was styled lieutenant. He mar- 
ried first, Abigail Wood, to whom he was published 31 Oct. 1731. She d. 
27 July, 1750. He married second, Bridget Pemberton, a widow, 14 Aug. 
1755, in Andover. His children were : 

i. Jeremiah, 6 b. 11 Nov. 1732. 

ii. Ezra, 6 b. 22 Oct. 1734. 

iii. Huldah, 6 b. 12 Jan. 1736; m. Amos Gould. 

iv. Moses, 6 b. 9 March, 1738-9. 

v? Ruth, 6 b. 15 Sept. 1741. 

vi. Hannah, 6 b. 14 Sept. 1742 ; d. young. 

vii. Hannah, 6 b. 4 Sept. 1744 ; m. Deacon Moses Peabody. 

viii. Phebe, 6 bapt. 12 July, 1747 ; d. 9 April, 1749. 

ix. Rachael, 6 b. 25 Oct. 1749. 

x. David, 6 b. 23 Aug. 1756. 

xi. Abigail, 6 b. 27 Aug. 1758. 

xii. Sarah, 6 b. 2 Sept. 1760. 

xiii. Joshua, 6 b. 20 Oct. 1762. 

58. David 4 (Timothy 3 William 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Boxford, 17 
Aug. 1704. He was perhaps the David Foster, of Pomfret, who married 
Elizabeth Dow, of Haverhill, 16 Oct. 1749. 

59. Amos 4 ( Timothy 3 William 2 Reginald 1 ), was bapt. in Boxford, 1 Feb. 
1713. . Lived in Ashuelot and Keene, N. H. His will was proved 25 
March, 1761. He married Mary Dorman, 22 Dec. 1751. She died before 
1761. He left no issue. 

60. Abial 4 (David 3 William 2 Reginald 1 ), was born in Boxford, 2 May, 
1702. Lived in Haverhill. He married first, Ruth Clement, 11 July, 1728. 
She died 4 Feb. 1740-1. Secondly, Hannah Russell, 26 Nov. 1741. She 
died 30 March, 1803. His children were : 

. Elizah, 6 b. 9 June, 1729 ; d. 15 July, 1736. 

i. Sarah, 6 b. 12 Sept. 1731 ; d. 5 July, 1736. 

ii. Ruth, 6 b. 26 Jan. 1733. 

v. Merriam, 6 b. 13 Feb. 1735-6; d. 22 April, 1737. 
v. Samuel, 6 b. 16 Feb. 1737-8. 

vi. Moses, 6 b ) 2? j im4 ( d. 16 March, 1739-40. 
vn. Joshua, b. ) \ 

viii. Abigail, 6 b. 6 April, 1745. 

vol. xxx. 8* 



98 Descendants of Reginald Foster, [Jan. 

61. Phineas 4 (David, 3 William, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Boxford, 5 
June, 1704, and we have no further knowledge of him. 

62. Simon 4 (David, 3 William, 2 Reginald 1 ), was born in Haverhill, 17 
June, 1707. Of him we know nothing except that in 1725 he was a 
soldier. 

63. Thomas 4 (Samuel, 5 William, 2 Reginald 1 ) was bapt. in Boxford, 23 
May, 1708. He married Alice Pearly, 14 July, 1731. He had: 

i. John, 6 bapt. July, 1732. 

Allis Foster, supposed to be the widow of Thomas, was published in 
Boxford, 25 Aug. 1734, to Benjamin Rogers. 

64. William 4 (Samuel, 3 William, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Boxford, 22 
July, 1711. He removed to Newbury between March, 1756, and Jan. 
1758, and was living there in 1763. There is no settlement of his estate to 

be found. He married first, , who was the mother of his son William, 

as per Essex Deeds, vol. 105, p. 74. Secondly, to Mary Clarke, of York, 
Me., to whom he was published 7 Feb. 1747. He was a tailor, yeoman 
and innholder. His children were : 

i. William. 6 

ii. Hannah, 5 b. 27 May, 1749. 

iii. Samuel, 5 b. 22 Nov. 1750. 

65. Jeremiah 4 (Abraham, 3 Jacob, 2 Reginald 7 ) was born in Ipswich 
about 1700. Removed to Harvard, Mass. He married Rebecca Metcalf, 
to whom he was published 21 June, 1735. His children were : 

i. Jeremiah, 5 bapt. 8 Aug. 1736. 

ii. Abigail, 5 bapt. 17 Feb. 1737-8. 

iii. Jeremy, 5 bapt. 6 Jan. 1739-40, " son of Jeremy." 

iv. Samuel, 5 bapt. 8 Jan. 1741-2, " 

26 May, 1743. Jere'h Foster and Rich'd Harris of Ipswich bought of 
Benj. Morse of Harvard, Worcester co. 112 acres land situated in Stow on 
west side of the river, bounding on Lancaster and Lunenburg lines. 

13 Jan. 1759. Jere'h Foster and wife Rebecca, of Dorchester Canada, 
Worcester Co. to Josiah Haynes of Sudbury Middlesex Co. — [Middlesex 
Deeds.~\ 

66. Abraham 4 (Abraham, 3 Jacob, 2 Reginald}) was born in Ipswich, 5 
(6) 1716. Mark Haskell was appointed his guardian, 3 April, 1733, he 
then being seventeen years old. He was a joiner, and resided in Boston 
and Charlestown, and died before 1750. He married Elizabeth Davis, of 
Charlestown, 5 Nov. 1742. She died 19 Jan. 1775. Their children were : 

i. Elizabeth, 5 bapt. 18 Nov. 1744, at Charlestown; m. John Rogers, 27 

May, 1762. 
ii. Abraham, 5 bapt. 2 Dec. 1744, at Charlestown. 

67. Nathaniel 4 (Abraham, 3 Jacob, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 
9 Aug. 1719, removed to Salem, where he pursued the occupation of a 
tailor, and died October, 1808. He married Sarah, daughter of George 
and Bethiah (Peters) Daland, of Salem, 6 May, 1741. She was bapt. 1st 
church, Salem, 12 July, 1724; died August, 1796. Their children were: — 

i. Nathaniel, 5 bapt. 1st church, 7 Nov. 1742. 

ii. Sarah, 5 " " " 13 Jan. 1744-5. 

iii. Abraham, 5 " " " 1 March, 1746-7. 

iv. Abigail, 5 " " " 26 March, 1749. 

v. George, 5 " " " 13 Jan. 1750-1. 



1876.] Descendants of Reginald Foster. 99 

vi. Joseph, 5 bapt. 1st church, 11 Nov. 1753. 

vii. Samuel, 5 " " " 6 Nov. 1757. 

viii. John, 5 " " " 11 Mav, 1760; d. young. 

ix. John, 5 " " " 2 May, 1762. 

x. , 5 " " " April, 1764. 

68. William 4 (Jacob, 3 Jacob, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 11 
May, 1G99. Administration was granted on his estate to Isaac Dodge, who 
gave bonds with Nathan Foster, 1 Jan. 1776. 30 April, 1760, Wm. Foster, 
cordwainer, and wife Elizabeth, sell to Isaac Dodge, miller, 1 upland right 
in Jeffrey Neck. He married Elizabeth Clark, to whom he was published 
7 Sept. 1734. She died February, 1767. His children were: 

i. William, 5 bapt. 17 Aug. 1735. 

ii. Elizabeth, 5 b. 19 March, 1737, living 1776, unm. 

iii. Sarah, 5 bapt. 12 May, 1740, pub. Nath'l Hodgkins. 

iv. Mary, 5 bapt. 25 July, 1742 ; m. Kimball. 

v. Hannah, 5 bapt. 2 Feb. 1745 ; d. before 1776. 

vi. Abigail, 5 bapt. 20 March, 1747; d. young. 

vii. Abigail, 5 bapt. 18 March, 1749. 

viii. Rebecca, 5 bapt. 1753. 

69. Nathaniel 4 (Jacob* Jacob, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 14 
Dec. 1712, where he died 16 Aug. 1747. He was a blacksmith. He 
married Elizabeth Leatherland, to whom he was published 29 Nov. 1735. 
His children were : 

i. Elizabeth, 5 b. 5 Feb. 1736 ; pub. to Richard Sutton. 

ii. Nathan, 5 b. 20 June, 1737. 

iii. Martha, 5 b. 6 May, 1739: d. young. 

7: &£?'*} b - 13 Apm, i74o. 

vi. Sarah, 5 bapt. 1 Aug. 1742. 

vii. Nathaniel, 5 bapt. 22 Dec. 1745 ; d. 23 Aug. 1747. 

His widow Elizabeth was married to Benjamin Brown, 3d, previous to 

1758. 

70. Joseph 4 (Joseph, 3 Jacob, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 14 Feb. 
1714. Removed to Beverly, where he died 27 Feb. 1767. He was deacon 
of the first church, overseer, selectman and town clerk. He married in 
Ipswich Hannah Trask, 12 Nov. 1735. She died 11 Aug. 1778. His 
children were : 

i. Thomas, 5 b. 18 Oct. 1736 ; d. 26 July, 1794. 

ii. Joseph, 5 b. 25 Dec. 1739 ; d. young. 

iii. Mary, 5 b. 18 Jan. 1741; m. Henry Herrick, 1765. 

iv. Hannah, 5 b. 4 March, 1743-4 ; m. first, Jonathan Ellingwood, 1767 ; 

second, Nehemiah Smith, 1774. 
v. Daniel, 5 b. 14 Feb. 1745-6. 
vi. Elizabeth, 5 b. 7 April, 1748. 
vii. Sarah, 5 b. 29 Dec. 1750. 
viii. Ezra-Trask, 5 b. 29 Sept. 1752. 
ix. Joseph, 5 b. 1753. 

x. Mercy, 5 b. 9 Dec. 1754 ; d. 1 Dec. 1755. 
xi. Jeremiah, 5 b. 21 April, 1756. 
xii. Lydia, 5 b. 8 March, 1757. 
xiii. James, 5 b. 31 Aug. 1759. 

71. James 4 (Joseph, 3 Jacob, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 4 March, 
1716. Removed to Boston, where two of his children were born. Re- 
turned to Ipswich, being admitted in 1766 to the south church at Chebacco, 
from the Brattle-Street Church, Boston. His wife was Sarah Hart, to 



100 Descendants of Reginald Foster, [Jan. 

whom he was published in Ipswich, 25 June, 1746. She was living in 1803. 
He was postmaster of Ipswich, being succeeded by Daniel Noyes, 23 June, 
1775. He gave a deed, 10 Oct. 1807, being then 91 years of age. His 
will, dated 29 May, 1786, was disproved 9 Dec. 1807, as one of the wit- 
nesses, Mary Foster, had no recollection of being present at the signing, 
and the others, Sarah Lowater and Nathan Foster, were deceased. Ad- 
ministration was afterwards granted Nathaniel Lord 3d, 2 Nov. 1807. The 
will mentions wife Sarah, only son James, and only daughter Sarah. His 
children were : 

i. Sarah, 5 b. in B., 25 Dec. 1747. 

ii. James, 5 b. in B., 30 Aug. 1749. 

iii. John, 5 bapt. in I., 29 March, 1752. 

iv. Joseph, 5 bapt. in I., 3 June, 1753. 

72. Nathan 4 {Joseph? Jacob? Reginald}) was born in Ipswich, 19 Feb. 
1717-18; died Oct. 1795. He married Mary, daughter of Nathaniel and 
Sarah Hart, 27 Dec. 1743. She was born 20 Jan. 1718 ; died 10 April, 
1778. Their children were : 

i. Mary, 5 b. — Nov. 1744 ; d. unm. March, 1828. 

ii. Samuel, 5 b. 23 Oct. 1746. 

iii. James, 5 b. 18 Dec. 1747. 

iv. Nathaniel, 5 b. 30 Nov. 1752. 

v. William-Hart, 5 bapt. 24 July, 1757 ; d. young. 

73. Isaac 4 [Joseph? Jacob? Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 17 — . Re- 
moved to Billerica. His will was made in 1783. He was married by Mr. 
Samuel Ruggles to Sarah Brown, of Boxford, 8 Nov. 1744. His children 
were: 

i. Isaac, 5 b. 8 March, 1745-6. 

ii. Jacob, 5 b. 20 Dec. 1747. 

iii. Sarah, 5 b. 4 March, 1749 ; d. 4 April, 1750. 

iv. Joseph, 5 b. 21 March, 1750. 

v. Sarah, 5 b. 29 May, 1753 ; d. before 1783. 

vi. John, 5 b. 28 June, 1755. 

vii. Samuel, 5 b. 31 March, 1758. 

viii. Abigail, 5 b. 21 Feb. 1761 ; d. before 1783. 

74. Jacob 4 [Joseph? Jacob? Reginald}) was born in Ipswich, 27 March, 
1726. Removed to Billerica, where he died. His will, dated 4 Aug. 1760, 
was proved 19 Oct. 1761. In it he bequeaths to " my said sone three of 
my books viz : — Bailey's Dictionary, Salmon's geographier & Historical 
Grammar and modern gazetteer." He married Sarah Kimball, to whom 
he was published 25 Aug. 1750. His children were : 

i. Timothy. 5 
ii. Sarah. 5 

He may have had others, but if so they were deceased before 1760. 

75. Abraham 4 [Joseph? Jacob? Reginald 1 ) was baptized in Ipswich, 27 
Oct. 1728. Removed to Boston, where he settled. He was a cabinet- 
maker. His wife was Susannah Sumner. He had six children. 

Oct. 1761, he bought of Jno. Downe, for £230.14.4, parcel of land, 
house and buildings on Fish Street, in the North End of Boston. 1 6 Aug. 
1773, Abraham Foster and wife Susannah mortgaged this estate to John 
White for £133. 

Administration on the estate of Abraham Foster, cabinet-maker, was 
granted to Joseph Foster, Boston, goldsmith, who gave bonds with James 



1876.] Descendants of Reginald Foster, 101 

Foster, Jr., and Nathaniel Foster, gent, 9 Aug. 1796. His personal estate 
was valued at $2579.70. Real estate, house and land on Fish St., $2333.33. 
The marriage of Ephraim Foster, Boston, and Susannah Sumner, 1 Nov. 
1753, is recorded in Boston. It was probably a mistake for Abraham. 

76. Jonathan 4 {Isaac, 2 Reginald, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich; 
removed to Lincoln, and was there 1 Nov. 1764, for at that time, with wife 
Elizabeth, he sold two wood-lots to Jeremiah Burnham and son Jeremiah 
of Ipswich. 

Again, 19 April, 1765, they sold to Moses Foster of Ipswich J of wood- 
lot in Chebacco. He married Elizabeth Storey, 5 July, 1733. His child- 
ren were : 

i. Jonathan, 5 b. 23 April, 1734. 

ii. Martha, 5 baptized 20 July, 1735; m. Aaron Burnham, 26 Oct. 

1756. 
iii. Joshua, 5 baptized 18 Feb. 1736-7. 
iv. Elizabeth, 5 b. 11 Dec. 1738; m. Nathan Page, of Newbury, 19 

April, 1758. 
v. Abigail, 5 baptized 22 Feb. 1740-1. 
vi. Isaac, 5 b. 10 Feb. 1742-3. 
vii. Eunice, 5 baptized 22 Aug. 1744. 
viii. Jacob, 5 b. 15 July, 1746. 
ix. Susanna, 5 b. 6 March, 1749-50. 

77. Isaac 4 (Isaac, 2 Reginald, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich. He 

married twice : first, ; secondly, Rachel . Removed to Hol- 

liston, where he was 16 Jan. 1756. Administration on his estate was 
granted Timothy Townsend, of Holliston, 24 Jan. 1764. His children 
were: 

i. Stephen. 5 
ii. Hannah. 5 
iii. Sarah. 5 
iv. Abigail. 5 

78. Jacob 4 (Isaac, 3 Reginald, 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich about 
1675. He removed to Holliston, Mass. On various deeds, &c, he is styled 
" captain," although of what I have failed to discover. On other documents 
his name appears as "Jacob Foster, Gentleman." He was married 10 April, 
1728, by the Rev. Daniel Baker, to Mary, daughter of William and Han- 
nah (Bullard) Sheffield, of H. Their children were : 

i. Mary, 5 b. 3 Nov. 1729 ; m. Moses Twitchell. 

ii. Jacob, 5 b. 10 March, 1732 ; m. Hepzibah Prentice. 

iii. William, 5 b. 29 April, 1734. 

iv. Sheffield, 5 b. 10 Oct. 1738. 

v. Hannah, 5 b. 14 May, 1740. 

vi. Isaac, 5 b. 27 Sept. 1741 ; d. 3 Dec. 1741. 

vii. Isaac, 5 b. 18 March, 1743-4. 

viii. Abigail, 5 b. 5 Feb. 1749-50. 

ix. Rebecca, 5 b. 7 Dec. 1753. 

79. Jeremiah 4 (John 3 Reginald 2 Reginald 1 ) was born in Ipswich, 1691 ; 
died 25 March, 1769. He was a mariner. He married Dorothy, daughter of 
Nathaniel and Joanna Rust. She died 14 May, 1745. His children were : 

i. Jeremiah. 5 

ii. Moses. 5 

iii. John. 5 

iv. Joanna, 5 bapt. 12 June, 1726. 

v. Ephraim, 5 bapt. 7 July, 1728. 

vi. Joseph, 5 bapt. 19 July, 1730. 



102 JVbtes and Queries. [Jan. 

vii. Martha, 5 bapt. 30 July, 1732. 

viii. Dorothy, 5 pub. Jno. Emerson, 19 Oct. 1754. 

ix. Benjamin, 5 b. 5 Jan. 1734-5. 

x. Mary, 5 m. John Emerson, 12 Jan. 1756. 

xi. Elizabeth, 5 bapt. 5 Dec. 1736. 

xii. Joshua, 5 bapt. 16 Sept. 1739. 

xiii. Miriam, 5 bapt. 11 Oct. 1741. 

80. Moses 4 (John? Reginald? Reginald}) was born in Ipswich, 1697. 
He was a husbandman. His will was dated 28 March, 1782. He died at 
Chebacco, Ipswich, 27 Sept. 1785. He married first, Mary, daughter of 
Nathaniel Rust. She died 2 May, 1732, in her 30th year. Secondly, 
Mary Blodgett, 18 Jan. 1732-3. Thirdly, Ann Varney, a widow, who died 
21 Feb. 1787, in her 87th year. His children were : 

i. Miriam, 5 bapt. 14 Aug. 1726. 

ii. Zebulon, 5 bapt. 22 Sept. 1728. 

iii. Moses*. 5 

iv. Aaron, 5 b. 1723. 

81. John 4 (John? Reginald? Reginald}) was born in Ipswich. He mar- 
ried Mehitable Burnham, 27 Dec. 1732. Administration was granted on 
his estate to widow Mehitable, 28 Oct. 1766 ; it was valued at £196. His 
children were : 

i. Jacob, 5 bapt. 14 July, 1734 ; d. young. 

ii. Mary, 5 bapt. 3 Dec. 1738. 

iii. Lucy, 5 bapt. 3 May, 1741. d. young. 

iv. John, 5 bapt. 29 May, 1743. 

v. Lucy, 5 bapt. 27 Oct. 1745. 

vi. Joanna, 5 bapt. 19 June, 1748. 

vii. Elizabeth, 5 bapt. 9 Sept. 1750. 

viii. Sarah, 5 bapt. 15 April, 1753. 

ix. Jacob, 5 bapt. 5 Oct. 1755. 

82. Nathaniel 4 (Nathaniel? Reginald? Reginald}), was born in Ip- 
swich, 17 — . He removed to Newbury, being dismissed from the church 
at Chebacco to the third church there, 20 May, 1744. He was a ship- 
wright. 5 Nov. 1762, he deeded 10 rods of land and a house to his son 
Nathaniel, Jr., shipwright. He married Mary, daughter of Thorndike Low, 
to whom he was published 26 Nov. 1726. They were both admitted to the 
church at Chebacco in Jan. 1727-8. Their children were: 

i. Mary. 5 

ii. Deborah, 5 bapt. 16 April, 1729. 

iii. Isaac, 5 bapt. 19 July, 1730. 

iv. Nathaniel, 5 bapt. 19 March, 1731-2. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Lieut. Low and the Schooner Fame. — In Eaton's " History of Thomaston, Me.," 
vol. i. p. 304, it is stated that : " Among other vessels fitted out as privateers was the 
Schooner Fame, originally a Chesapeake Bay craft captured by the British and by 
them used as a privateer, and sometimes as a vessel of burthen. In the latter 
capacity, freighted with a cargo of sugar and molasses, probably destined for the 
American market, she had been at sea some time on her way, in company with a 
fleet from the British Provinces to Castine, under the command of a British subject 
as captain, and a Lieut. Lowe, an American, not known as such, as he was ship- 
ped in Nova Scotia." 



1876.] Notes and Queries. 103 

Lieut. Jonathan Low was the said officer, and his name was afterwards changed 
to James Willis Low, by an act of legislature, for reasons. Capt. James W. Low 
was the third son of Capt. David Low, of Ipswich, who married Hannah Haskell, 
of Gloucester, and was a descendant of the first Lows of Ipswich. Capt. David 
Low was a lieutenant of an Ipswich company in the battle of Bunker Hill, and a 
captain after in the war of the revolution. He died at sea on a voyage from the 
West Indies, as master of the vessel, leaving five sons and two daughters, one of 
whom is now (1875) living. 

Capt. James W. Low commanded several vessels from Boston, — the Gen. Jackson 
and Chance in Mr. .Roberts's employ ; the Concordia and Cabot in Mr. Thomas 
Lamb's employ. He was for many years an inspector for insurance offices in New 
York ; and lived in Brooklyn. He left one son and a daughter ; the son, James, com- 
manded a company of infantry from New- Jersey in the war of the rebellion, and is 
now living. Capt. James W. Low died Aug. 23, 1865, aged 76 years. 

Billerica, Mass. Charles A. Ranlett. 



Dignitaries of Easton. — " Capt. John Phillips departed this life ye 14th day of 
November in ye year 1760 he being the first Captain that ever bore a commission 
in ye town of Easton." 

" Edward Hay ward Esq departed this life ye 22 d of May in ye yeare 1760 the first 
Esq that ever was in ye town of Easton he died in the 71st year of his age." 

The above items are copied from the town records of Easton, Mass. 

A. M. Alger. 



Philbrook. — Wanted, the parentage of Peielope Philbrook, b. 1751, and m. 
1768, Job Chapman, of Greenland. Her brother, Eliphalet, settled at Wakefield 
Corner, N. H., about 1770, and her sister is supposed to have married a Wingate, at 
the same place. She is thought to have been a daughter of Benjamin, youngest 
son of Elias and Rhoda, both of whom d. 1747. Elias was son of John 3 (John, 2 
Thomas 1 ). 

Kingston, iV. H. Jacob Chapman. 



Henry Blague. — [In answer to a query in the April number of the Register, 
vol. xxix. p. 112.] — The name of Blague was sometimes written Blake. Among 
the Boston records of births are these entries : 

" Martha daughter of Henry Blake and Elizabeth his wife was born November 2, 
1655." 

"Joseph son of Henry Blake and Elizabeth his wife was born September 2, 1660." 

That this Henry Blake was no other than Henry Blague, the brickmaker, is 
proved by the fact that the latter had a wife Elizabeth, and also a son Joseph and 
daughter Martha. In proof of these facts, the following items are cited : 

Nathaniel Blague, son of Henry, mentions in his will his sister Martha Squire. 

Nov. 16, 1681, Elizabeth Blague, widow, and Joseph Blague, her son, convey 
lands to William Norton, in consideration of £28. The said Joseph accepted this 
sum in satisfaction of £30 that should have been paid unto him by his mother, as 
guardian, out of the estate of his father Henry Blague. 

After this date (1681) no mention of Joseph Blague is to be found on Boston 
records. Soon after a Joseph Blague appears in Say brook, Conn. Was he the 
Boston Joseph, the son of Henry? It seems quite certain to me that he was. 

Arthur M. Alger. 



Willoughbt. — Susannah, daughter of Deputy Governor Francis Willoughby, m. 
Mr. Nathaniel Lynde, brother of the first chief-justice of the name. Her descen- 
dants retain the genealogy as far as Col. William Willoughby, -of Portsmouth, Eng- 
land, father of Gov. Francis. Can any further information be obtained of the 
Willoughby family ? Are there any living descendants of other children of Deputy 
Gov. Francis Willoughby? Please inform Judge C.J. McCurdy, Lyme, Conn. 



To Restore Faded Writing. — A correspondent of the Sunday Dispatch, Phila- 
delphia, Dec. 6, 1874, in reply to a previous correspondent who had asked how faded 
writing could be restored, advises him to " wash a word or two with a camel's-hair 
pencil dipped into an infusion of powdered nutgalls. If the ink is not restored, then 



104 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

wash a few more words with a weak solution of copperas. Ink, such as was used by 
our great-grandfathers, was a tanno-gallate of iron. If it be the gallate that has dis- 
appeared, the nutgalls will restore it. If it be the iron that has faded away, the 
copperas. In either case, the experiment costs nothing, and is worth trying ; but if 
both have evaporated, he will have small luck." 



Peirce. — Jacob Peirce purchased land of Daniel Stone in Watertown, Mass., 
March 28, 1698. 

Joseph Peirce and wife Elizabeth Peirce deeded land to their son Joseph Peirce 
in Watertown, Mass., March 29, 1709. 

Jacob Peirce, of Weston, administered on the estate of his honored father, Joseph 
Peirce, lately of Watertown, in 1715 : had brother Joseph Peirce. Witness, John 
Peirce, wife Hannah Peirce. 

Daniel Stone, of Lexington, conveys to Joseph Peirce lands in Lexington, Dec. 
6, 1714. 

Daniel Esterbrooks conveys lands to Joseph Peirce, March 9, 1709. 

Joseph Peirce and wife Hannah convey lands in Weston to son George Peirce, 
Nov. 13, 1719. 

George Peirce had a son Simon Peirce, and probably William. His daughter 
was Mary Wheeler. 

Copied from old wills, deeds and accounts, once in possession of the Peirce family, 
now in possession of Rev. G. T. Ridlon, Genealogist, Harrison, Maine. Other 
information relating to the Peirces provided if applied for. 

Harrison , Maine. ' G. T. Ridlon. 



Talcott Genealogy. — S. V. Talcott, Esq., of Albany, N. Y., has his genealogy of 
the Talcotts nearly ready for the press. He will give short biographical notes of 
many of the name, and of some collaterals ; besides copies of the wills of the early 
generations. The name as far as he can learn is extinct in England, and is not 
numerous in this country. 

In the Register for July, 1867 (ante, xxi. 216), Mr. Talcott states that Dorothy, 
wife of John Talcott, who came over in 1632, was a daughter of Mark Mott, D.D., 
of Braintree. He writes, under date of June 9, 1875: " I have ascertained that 
this cannot be the case, as his daughter, Dorothy, was born Jan. 28, 1620; too 
young to be the wife of John Talcott, whose third child was born in 1635. 

" Col. Andrew Talcott found on searching the manuscripts relating to the county 
of Essex, England, in the British Museum, that Mark Mott, eldest son of Thomas 
Mott and Alice Meade of Booking in Essex, lived in Braintree, married Frances 
Gutter, and had : Francis, m. Frances Forward ; Thomas, m. dau. of John Brand ; 
Mark, D.D., rector of Rayne ; Dorothy, who probably m. John Talcott. 

" This Mark Mott was the owner of Sheme Hall, Lexden hundred, and was a wit- 
ness to the will of John Talcott, father of John the settler who died in 1604." 



Wooster (vol. xxix. p. 318). — The late Hon. Henry C. Deming, in his oration 
upon the life and services of Gen. David Wooster, delivered at Danbury, Ct., April 
27, 1854, sa} T s, David Wooster was born at Stratford on the second oi" March, 1710-11, 
old style, the son of Abraham and Mary Wooster. and the youngest of six children. 
— Oration, p. 6. 

Some inquiry has been made in the old town recently for the maiden name of 
Abraham's wife, but so far without success. 

The dividing line between Stratford and Huntington (once a part of Stratford) 
runs through the farm once in possession of the AVooster family. 

The following list of the children of Abraham and Mary Wooster, obtained from 
the late Edward, C. Herrick, Esq., of New-Haven, and to whom Mr. Deming 
acknowledged himself indebted for much information concerning the General and 
his family, may be of interest : — 
Ruth, b. Sept. 26, 1700. Sarah, b. April 2, 1705. Hannah, b. Feb. 23, 1709. 
Joseph, b. Jan. 16, 1702. Mary, b. April 3, 1707. David, b. March 2, 1710-11. 

QUINNIPIAC. 

[Since the above was sent us, the following memorandum, from the same source, 
has been received: — "Abraham Wooster and Mary Walker were married on the 
22d of November, 1697."] 



1876.] JSTotes and Queries, 105 

Hates. — In connection with the sketch of the life of Dr. Ezra Green, of Dover, 
N. H., in the April Register, 1875, is a note regarding "Hayes," which needs 
correction. See pp. 180-1. 

John 1 Hayes. — This paragraph is copied quite accurately from my notes in the 
Register, except that it fixes exactly the number of children, which is not certain. 
It should be added that he was married 28 June, 1686 ; and the vague date of birth 
of the first child is not reliable. 

But the second paragraph, that concerning John, 2 top of p. 181, is essentially 
erroneous. 

It says that John 2 married " Mrs. Tomson." In fact, he married, first, 29 Dec, 
1704, Tamsen, daughter of Ezekiel and Elizabeth Went worth, and widow of James 
Chesley ; 2d, Alary (Roberts), widow of Samuel Wingate. 

A worse error is, that the eight children here given to John 2 were not his, but 
were those of his brother Peter. 2 John 2 had eleven children, but a totally different 
list. The list of eight children (and one other not given), should remain on the 
page, but instead of reading — " 2. John, 2 " &c, strike out those first three lines 
on p. 181, and substitute : 

"2. Peter 2 (John 1 ), lived at Tole-End in Dover. He married Sarah, daughter of 
John Wingate, and granddaughter of the emigrant John. They had (at least) nine 
children, viz. : " 

That my record is correct is further sustained by the record of baptisms of Dover 
church : 

1721, Sept. 3. Peter Hayes, Ann and Reuben his children. 

1722, July 1. Joseph, son of Peter Hayes. 

1724, July 5 Benjamin, son of Peter Hayes. [Birth, p. 181, should be 1723-4, 
instead of " 1723."] 

1726, June 12. Mehitabel, dau. of Peter Hayes. 

1728, Oct. 27. John, son of Peter Hayes. 

1735, Aug. 10. Lydia, dau. of Peter Hayes. 

1737, Oct. 2. Ichabod, son of Peter Hayes. 

1741, Sept. 27. Elijah, son of Peter Hayes. 

This gives one more child, and reverses the order of the last two. 

A few references to the article may be allowed. 

Page 173, it is said that Dr. Belknap settled at Dover on a salary of £150. It 
was £100 salary ; he had £150 as a slight allowance towards a house. Nor was it 
because the salary was " inadequate," that he finally left, but because he could not 
obtain the payment of even that. 

Page 174, it is said that Dr. Green was "deacon of the ' First Congregational 
Orthodox Society ' in Dover." The quotation-marks to the title are in the article. 
He was deacon of the church, and probably an officer of the society also ; but the 
name of the church is simply, — " The First Church in Dover ; " that of the society, 
— " The First Parish in Dover." 

Page 175, last line, it is said that Dr. Green was " chairman of the State conven- 
tion tor the adoption of the constitution of the United States. His vote gave a 
majority in its favor." John Sullivan was president of the convention. The vote 
was not so close. The following letter of Sullivan is worth inserting : 

Concord [N. H.], June 21, 1788. 
Sir, 

I have the honour to inform your Excellency, by favour of Mr. [Sampson] Reed, 
who is obliging enough to forward this letter, that the Convention of this State 
have, this moment, adopted the new Constitution. Yeas, 57; nays, 46. The 
amendments recommended, nearly the same as in your State. 

With every sentiment of respectful attachment, I have the honor to be, 
Yeas, 57 Your Excellency's 

Nays, 46 most obedient servant, 

— John Sullivan.. 

Majority, 11 
His Excellency Gov. Hancock. 

But no corrections are needed in the estimate of Dr. Green's character and ser- 
vices. I am glad to see the sketch in print, and with it the likeness of the venerable 
citizen whom I used to see in my boyhood. A. H. Quint. 

vol xxx. 9 



106 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

History and Genealogy of the Revolutionary War. — The revolutionary war 
is an era in the history of this country, corresponding to that which was inaugurated 
in England, during the reigns of Alfred the Great and William the Conqueror. 
Daring the latter period the names of all families were collected and recorded in the 
•' Doomsday Book," which in connection with subsequent collections, has be- 
come valuable for historic and family references, having been protected with sacred 
care by the sovereigns and officials of Great Britain. 

The operation of the several acts of Congress granting pensions to soldiers of the 
revolutionary war and their widows, caused a vast amount of information to be em- 
bodied in the declarations of claimants, comprising their military services, naming 
the battles in which they participated and embracing their personal and family his- 
tories, prior to and subsequent to the war, together with dates of birth, residence, 
dates of marriage, names of and births of children. There are many narratives in 
these applications and proofs, of particular expeditions and campaigns, of absorbing 
interest and historical importance, which should be better preserved than they 
have been in the past or can possibly be in the future, under the present limited 
arrangements. 

More or less of these records have been misplaced or lost from the files of the Pen- 
sion Bureau, and the necessity for their future preservation is evident. Provision 
should be at once made by Congress to cause the same to be compiled, and, in some 
condensed form, given to the public, perhaps in the nature of a biographical dic- 
tionary or other archive of the department. The calls upon the Pension Bureau for 
copies of papers filed by ancestors, and for various kinds of information, usually 
sought by compilers of family genealogies and town histories, are increasing year 
by year. Clerks necessarily must soon be employed for this specific duty, or other- 
wise the requests of parties for such information cannot well be complied with. 
This matter is well worthy the attention of our American historians, who should aid 
in the effort to secure for it the speedy attention of Congress. — United States Pension 
Record, November, 1874. 

Quakers in Kittery, Me., in 1737. [Copied for the Register by J. S. H. Fogg, 

M.D., from the original document in his possession.] 
" Kittery, May 6, 1737. — A List of Quakers allowed by the Selectmen this year 

Vizt: 
Andrew Neal Jabez Jenkins Samuel Hill sen 1 

John Neal Francis Allin Michell Kinnard 

Andrew Neal Jr : Francis Allin Jr : Samuel Johnson 

Thomas Weed W m Fry Nicholas Morreli 

Daniel Furbush Senr : W m Fry Jr : Edward Whitehouse 

Peter Wittum Benj : Fry John Fry 

James Ferris Jos: Fry James Whittham. 

John Morreli sen r : [Signed by] 

Nathan Bartlet, Thomas Hutchings, 

John Rogers, Joseph Gunnison, 

Richd : Gowell, Tobias Leighton, 

Selectmen of Kittery. 

Marriages in 1773. — The following items are from an interleaved almanac of 
1773, belonging to William Parsons : — 

Jan. 11. Samuel Osgood & Betty Sanborn, married. 

12. Dudley Hutchinson & Sarah Bachelder, " 

Feb. 17. John Sandborn & Hannah Eastman, " 

M'chlO. David Glidden & Susanna Glidden, " 

Ap. 21. Barzilla Hinds & Lucy Seavy " 

July 15. Ambrose Hindes & Sarah Mudget, " 

Sep. 8. Mr Porter ordained at New Durham. 

Dec. 7. Simeon Lovering & Sarah Sanborn, married, both of Chichester. 

Mr. Parsons probably lived in Gilmanton, N. H. J. Colburn. 



Hawley. — The father of the Rev. Stephen Hawley, of Bethany, Conn., long since 
deceased, is understood to have been Stephen Hawley, of Milford, Conn. Wanted, 
the name and residence of the Rev. Stephen Hawley 's grandfather? 

Buffalo, N. Y. E. S. Hawley. 



1876.] JSFotes and Queries. 107 

History of Southington, Conn. — The Rev. Heman R. Timlow, pastor of the 
First Congregational Church of that place, has prepared a volume entitled " Eccle- 
siastical and other Sketches of Southington, Conn.," which is now in press and will 
probably appear about the same time as this number. It will make an 8vo volume 
of between 700 and 800 pages, illustrated with engravings. It will contain the 
church records for the first century and genealogies of the early families. The 
edition will be limited by the subscription list. Price, $5. Address Dr. F. A. 
Hart, Southington, Conn. 



Spooner Genealogy. — The Hon. Thomas Spooner, of Reading, Ohio, has his book 
entitled "William Spooner and his Descendants," upon which he has been engaged 
for sixteen years (ante, xxv. 394), in such a state of forwardness that its early pub- 
lication can be assured, provided enough copies are subscribed for to pay the cost of 
publication. 

The work will contain about 4,000 families and 15,000 individuals, and will make 
two large 8vo volumes of about 700 pages each. It will be printed in the best style 
of the art, and delivered, in cloth, to subscribers at $15 the set. There must be 350 
copies subscribed for to ensure its publication. This will not leave any remunera- 
tion for the labor of compilation, nor even the repayment of the sum (fuliy $5,000) 
expended in obtaining the materials. 

Centenarianism. — I have undertaken to investigate all alleged cases of centena- 
rianism of which I can obtain information, and I desire here to state the evidence 
in the case of Mrs. Anah Goss, who died at Amherst, N. H., on the 19th of last 
March, aged (as I have reason to believe) 105 years, 1 month and 18 days. If any 
error can be detected, I desire that it may be exposed. I have the entire family 
records of Mrs. Goss and of her parents, the former from the family Bible, and the 
latter from the town records of Lunenburg, Mass., where Mrs. Goss was born Feb. 
1, 1770. She was the daughter of Stephen and Jemima Bathrick. While she 
spelled her name Anah, it was recorded at her birth Anar. She was married to 
Ephraim Goss, July 14, 1786, she being then but 16 years old. Her first child was 
born April 30, 1787. This fact of her early marriage goes far to corroborate the 
record of her birth, for if she was less than 105 years old at her death she must 
have been so much less than 16 at her marriage. Her history throughout can be 
exactly traced, and I feel satisfied as to her age. I have other cases in hand, upon 
which I shall be glad to report when the evidence is conclusive, and in the mean- 
time shall be thankful for information from any source. Mr. Thorns found but four 
genuine cases of centenarianism on record in England after the most thorough 
investigation. According to the U. S. census of 1870, there were then over 3,500 
centenarians living in this country, of whom perhaps a score could have been 
shown to be genuine. ' Upon the occasion of our centennial it will be a matter of 
interest to know who our native-born centenarians really are. I would gladly 
cooperate with any who may be interested in this line of inquiry. 

iVo. 13 Laiyht St., New York. Edwin F. Bacon, 

Oifice of Herald of Health. 

Waller. — The undersigned would be happy to correspond with any one that can 
give him any information in regard to the early history and genealogy of the Wal- 
lers of Virginia. Address all communications to 

Portsmouth, Ohio. William Waller, Attorney-at-Law. 

Extracts from the Diary of Samuel Lane, of Hampton, N. H. : — 

1737. April 10. — "Cold storm of snow and rain, — about 48 hours, which killed 
many sheep. — It is a terrible time for want of hay, as well as many sorts of pro- 
vision. 

" June 13. — English corn begins to ear out. Training day. 

" 25 th . — Indian corn begins to spindle out. July 12. — Some barley is cut. 

"21 . — Thunder fell in Smith's pasture." 

Mem. December, 1737. — " We had an exceedingly hard winter, & a backward 
spring. Hay exceeding scarce, (some sold for 8 s old tenor, a hundred. Creatures 
were very poor & abundance died. When the cry for hay was a little over, there 
came a worse for corn, & almost as bad for meat. Many people in our out towns 
were almost ready to faint, for want of food, — Many in a day, coming about & beg- 
ging people to sell them a peck, half peck, and some a quart of corn, not sticking 
at any price. 



108 JSTotes and Queries, \ Jan. 

" But a comfortable crop of English grain put a stop to this melancholly cry. We 
had a comfortable crop of hay, and more than a common crop of Indian corn. And 
much pork is fatted by Beech nuts. It has been very healthy, Sixteen persons died 
in Hampton." 

Remark. It seems that potatoes were not then much used as an article of food ; 
for Mr. Lane does not notice them in his annual record of the crops, for some 30 or 
40 years from this date. 

Mr. Lane was born in Hampton, Oct. 6, 1718. 

Kingston, N. H. J. Chapman. 

Fawne Clements. — [Copied from Notarial Records, Essex co., by H. F. Waters.] 
— This is to certifye all & every p'son that I who hereto Subscribe having lived in 
New England upward of fforty years at my ffirst Coming into y e Country I had 

knowledge of one known & called by y e name of Mr. ffawne who fformerly as 

I heard lived at Ipswich in New England and after that at Haverhill in New England 
where I knew him who had there two daughters living with him whereof one of 
them by name Elizabeth is yet alive & now y e wife of Robert Clement of s d Haver- 
hill which s d Elizabeth was allwayes Accounted & called by y e name of Elizabeth 
fTawne before her marriage so farr as ever I knew & was all along in s d M r fFawnes 
time in this Countrey owned by him to be his own Naturrall Daughter she being 
y e eldest of y e two & hath lived ffull or neare fforty years in Haverhill where now 
she is living in y e Same Towne with me, where I am minister of y e place. Witness 
my hand this Nineteenth day of August in y e year of our Lord God 1681. 

John Ward. 

Memorial of Fawn Clements son of M rs . Eliz a . Clements who was a daughter of 
Mr. John & Elizabeth Fawn w ch Eliz a . Clements was Neece to one M r . Luke alias 
Look Fawn a Stationer in Paul's Church yard at y e Sign of y e Parrot who died a 
little before y e fire ; and gave ye s d M r9 . Elizabeth "Clements £300. And left it in 
y e hands of M r . John Cressit in Charter house yard in London M r . Edward Clements 
at y e Sign of y e Lamb in Abchurch lane M r . Edward Henning Mercht. in London & 
M r . Jerrat Marshal in London. Recorded Sepr. 15 th 1716. 

Morgan. — [Memorandum found among the papers of the late Capt. Joseph 
Waters, of Salem, born 1758, died 1833. J — John, Joseph & Miles Morgan saild 
from Bristol England & arrived at Boston N. E. April 1636. They resided at Rox- 
bury a short time. Joseph went to Plymouth Colony & after removed to Connecti- 
cut. John, the elder brother, disgusted at the bigotry superstition & persecutions 
then so prevalent in Massachusetts that he went to Virginia and there settled. 
Miles the youngest joined W m . Pincheon Esq r . on his enterprize to Springfield. 
Morgan married Prudence Gilbert of Beverly. This family of Gilberts were pas- 
sengers in the same vessel with Morgan and there formed acquaintance. 

Mary daughter of Miles & Prudence Morgan was born 12 th mo. 14 th day 1644. 
Jonathan born 9 th mo. 16 th day 1646. David born 7 th mo. 23 d 1648. Pelatiah born 
5 th mo. 17 th day 1650. Isaac born 3 d mo. 12 th day 1652. Lydia 2 nd mo. 8 day 1654. 
Hannah born 2 nd mo. II th day 1656. Mary born 5 th mo. 18 th day 1658. Prudence 

wife of Miles Morgan died 11 th mo. 14 th day 1660. Miles Morgan & Elizabeth 

Bliss were married Feby 15 th 1669. Nathaniel their son was born June 14 th 1671. 
Miles Morgan died May 28 th 1699 aged 84 years. H. F. Waters. 

Comer — Dynn. — [Copied from Notarial Records of co. Essex, by H. F. Waters.] — 
Evidences for Eliz. Comer alias Eliz. Dynn recorded June 18, 1716. 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii nunc Magnas Britaniee &c Secundo. 

The Depositions of Daniel Webb of Salem in y e County of Essex Marriner aged 
sixty four yeares & Daniel Caten formerly of Bandonbridge in Ireland now of Salem 
aforesd in y e Countey & province afores d Taylor aged about Sixty one yeares on their 
solemn oathes doe testify & say that they formerly well knew & were acquainted 
with m r John Dyn of Kingsale in y e Kingdom of Ireland Merch* or shopkeeper 
dec d . who dwelt nigh y e water gate & that Elizabeth Comer wife of Richard Comer 
of providence within his Maj tie8 . Coloney of Rhode Island Taylor is y e reputed 
Daughter of y e aforenamed John Dyn of Kingsale afores d . Deceased who has been 
Dead thirty odd yeares y e Deponent Webb further adds that being Master of y e 
Ketch Tryall of Salem brought over y e aforenamed Elizabeth Comer whose maiden 
name was then Elizabeth Dynn in or about y e year 1679 a passenger to New England 
from Kingsale & that y e year before viz in y e year 1678 this Deponent tooke William 
Dynn son of y e s d John Dynn an apprentice & brought him to New England as such 



1876.] Notes and Queries. 109 

& both ye Deponents on p Oathes say that y e said Elizabeth Comer alias Dynn is 
ye very person aliue & well at y e taking these affidavits being present at y e Caption. 
They further add that William Dynn before named is departed this life eeverall 
yeares since & that he hath no survyving Issue to y e best of these deponents know- 
ledge being next neighbours & that he had Two Sons viz John Dynn & William 
Dynn who are both departed this life before they were maried which was all y e 
children y e said William Dynn left as these deponents know of. Daniel Webb & 
Daniel Caten personaly appeared before me y e Subscriber one of His Maj tics Justices 
of y e peace for y e Couutey of Essex & made oath to y e truth of y e foregoing affidavit. 

Salem June 18. 1716 

Sworne Coram Stephen Sewall 

Justice as afores d . 



Huguenot Church in Boston. — In Drake's " History of Boston," the following 
statement is found : — "The Records of the French Church are supposed to be in exist- 
ence, but their possessor is unknown. 1 '' The Rev. Charles W. Baird, of Rye, N. Y., 
is engaged in the preparation of a history of the Huguenot Emigration to America, 
and has already gathered much valuable information on the subject. At his request 
we make the inquiry, whether any clue to the discovery of the records of the French 
congregation founded in Boston in 1686 or 1687 exists. Mr. Baird would also be 
glad to receive any other details regarding the Huguenot colony here, and the 
lamilies that composed it. 

Marriage Certificate of Isaac Waldron. [From family papers. Communicated 
by Walter Lloyd Jeffries.] 

" March I s * 1674. 

"These are to Certifie all whom it may Concerne that Isaac Waldron of the 
parrish of S* Bedast in ffoster lane, London, and Priscilla Byfeilde of east Sheene 
in the county of Surry were married in the Tabernacle of S l Bennett grace church 
on the 25 th day of february 1674 by me 

Wittnes Richard King John Cliffe Rector of S 4 

Clerke and Register of Ben : Grace Church." 

S* Bennett grace church." 



Poole and Webber. — " Know all men by these p r sents y* I, Thomas Webber of 
Boston marriner engage my selfe to pay mis Elizabeth Poole or her assignes in 
London y e su of flue pounds sterl. ye danger of y e seas excepted, & is for & in con- 
sideration of one thousand of m r chantable w te oake pipe staues here rec d of Mr W m 
Davis. In wittnes whereof I haue subscribed to two bills of this tenure & date y e 
one of w ch being p'formed y e other to stand voyd. p' Mee 

Boston 30 th (10) 50." Thos : Webber 

The original of the above document has been loaned us by Walter Lloyd Jeffries 
of Boston. Editor. 



Jedidiah Preble was a private and enlisted in a company by Major John Storer 
in 1744, in the attack upon Louisburg by Sir Wm. Pepperrell. 

Pepperrell writes Storer, from Kittery, Feb. 20, 1744 : "If Mr Preble can get his 
sloop reddy, I know nothing against his sloop being improved, provid' d it is agreeable 
to y e other field officers." G. H. Preble. 

Hall, Langdon, &c. — In the memoir of Col. Joshua W. Peirce, Register, 1874, 
p. 369, it is said : " From this family of Halls are descended the Marches of Green- 
land, and Gov. John Langdon, of Portsmouth." An error in one part. 

The Hall ancestor of the March and Peirce families was John Hall, of Dover 
Combination, 1640, known later as Sergeant John Hall. The descent was, — John, 1 
Joseph, 2 Elizabeth 3 (married Joshua Peirce), Sarah 3 (married Clement Jackson), 
and daughter 3 (married Israel March). 

The Hall ancestor of Gov. Langdon was Ralph Hall, of Exeter Combination 
1639, of Dover 1650, known as Lieut. Ralph Hall. The descent was, — Ralph, 1 
Kinsley 2 (the judge), J osiah, 3 Mary 4 (married John Langdon), John b Langdon, 
the Governor. 

Between these two families, no relationship is known. 
vol. xxx. 9* 



110 Notes and Queries, \ Jan. 

The John Hal! appearing on Dover records prior to 1650 was the Sergeant. In 
1650, suddenly three Johns appear, entered as " John Hall," " John Hall, jun.," 
and " Serjeant John Hall." The first disappears at once. The second was the 
deacon. In 1650, Ralph, hitherto of Exeter, appears in Dover. Tradition, entirely 
unsupported however, makes Lieut. Ralph and Deacon John to be brothers, and 
sons of the John first named of the three in 1650. 

I take this occasion to ask for light. A Ralph Halt bought land " on Mistick 
side," in 1646. Several conveyances for him and wife Mary are on record. The 
last is, 25, 1, 1649, of land which " did Antiently belong unto John Hall & Richard 
Kettle." I believe that nothing shows the Exeter Ralph to have been in Exeter 
after 1645, and he appears in Dover in 1650, with wife Mary. These questions : 1st. 
Are the Ralph and Mary of "mistick-side" and " of Charlestown " (by deeds), the 
same as Ralph and Mary of Exeter 1639-1646, and of Dover 1650? 2d. How did 
the land which did ''Antiently belong to John Hall," come into Ralph's hands? 
3d. What became of this John of Charlestown? I take him to be the one, of 
Charlestown, who, in 1633, had lot No. 48 on Mistick side. A. H. Quint. 



Bill of Matthew Allyn. — I find the following bill, without date, amongst the 
papers left by Maj. Elijah Williams, son of the Rev. John Williams, first minister 
of Deerfield : — 

" Brother John Williams of Deerfield Ditter 
to y e suruay [s. x.] laying out 300 accers of land at Stafford 
My own time chayne barers & expence which suruay was last 
p d to y e Secutary for recording the graunts of Corurt [or Couirt ?] 

Suruays & Coppyes 
To recording the Suruay 
To Mr Kimberly for writeing y e pattin 
to executeing the pattin 12 
to recording y e pattin 

My tim 8c trobel in y e latter suruay is not included 

Math^ Allyn." 

Can any of your correspondents identify the parties named in this paper ? 
Deerfield, Mass. George Sheldon. 

John Hill, Guilford, Conn., 1646. — The undersigned is now collecting material 
for a genealogy of the descendants of the above mentioned John Hill, and would 
respectfully request all persons who may be interested in the work to forward to 
him whatever information they are able to furnish. Edwin A. Hill. 

255 Fourth Ave., New- York. 



£0 


06 








12 








4 








1 


6 






12 

04 








Haskitt. [Copied from Notarial Records of co. Essex, by H. F. "Waters.] 
Elizabeth Haskitt's Oath & Certificate Entred May 30 th , '98. 

M rs . Elizabeth Haskitt widow formerly the wife of Stephen Haskitt of Salem 
personaly appeared (before me) y e subscriber & made Oath that she hath six children 
liuing (viz) one sonne whose name is Elias Haskitt aged about Twenty Right yeares 
& fiue Daughters Elizabeth* Mary Sarah Hannah & Martha all which she had by her 
husband y e abouesaid m r Stephen Haskitt & Were his Children by him begotten of 
her body in Lawfull Wedlock being married to him by Doctor Ceauell in Exiter in 
y e Kingdome of England & whose sd husband serued his time with one m r Thomas 

Oburne a chandler and sope boyler in s d place & was y e reputed Sonne of Has- 

kit of Henstredge (so called) in Summersetshire in s d Kingdome of England & haue 
often heard my s d husband say that he had but one brother whose name was Elias 
Hasket & that he liued in said Towne of Henstredge. Elizabeth Haskitt. 

Sworne Salem May y e 30 th 1698 before me John Hathorne One of y e Councill & 
Justice pe & Q. in y e County of Essex in his Maj ties province of y e Massachusets 
Bay in New England. 

Hatfield, Haffield, Haffell. [Abstract from Mass. Archives and co. Essex 
Court Papers, by H. F. Waters.] 

Richard Hayfield of "Sudbury, Old England," married, it seems, first, Judith, 
secondly, Martha, by each of whom he had issue. He came over to Ipswich with 

* This Elizabeth Haskett m. 1st, "William Dynn, June 6, 16S4, and m. 2d, Roger Derby, 
as his second wife ; as has been ascertained by 'Mr. E. S. Waters, now of Chicago. w. 



1876.] JVotes and Queries, 111 

his second wife and her children and with the two surviving children of his first wife, 
viz. : — Mary and Sarah, of whom the former m. Josiah Cobbet and the latter m. 
John Ilsley. Of the issue of his second wife, Ruth m. Thomas White (son of John 
White of Lancaster), Martha m. Richard Coye, who, with his bro: Matthew and, I 
think, his sister Mary, was brought over in 1638 from Boston, Lincolnshire, England, 
by Mr. Whittingham. From evidence on file I am led to suspect that the old home 
of the Coyes was not very far from Boston. Rachel Haffield m. Laurence Clinton, 
who won his way into her good graces by his physical beauty and his boasting pro- 
fessions of riches and high connections. 

Cotton, — I am anxious to trace the genealogy of John Cotton, who was born July 
17, 1712, and died Nov. 5, 1778. He was married at Portsmouth, N. H., Dec. 15, 
1742, by Mr. Fitch, to Mary Cutt, who was born 1716 and died Sept. 4, 1799. They 
had eleven children, of whom five died in infancy. The eldest surviving son was 
Solomon, born Aug. 21, 1748, died April 15, 1812, married Sept. 20, 1770, by Mr. 
Odlin, to Mary Green, who died Aug. 11, 1819, aged 65. These dates are from 
records in a family bible. I shall be grateful for any assistance. 

Hendersonville P. O., North Carolina. S. Clinton Cortland. 



Axtell. — I communicated to the Register for April, 1868, some "Notes on the 
Axtell Family of Mass.," referring only to those of Sudbury and Marlborough. I 
have since found persons of the same surname, and all the same male Christian names 
in Bristol County in the first half of the last century. At Taunton is the will of 
Daniel Axtell, of Dighton, 1735-6, which mentions his wife Thankful, sons Daniel, 
William, Henry, Samuel, Ebenezer, and Thomas, dau. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas 
Burt, daus. Rebecca, Hannah and Thankful. The son Daniel, of Berkeley, made his 
will 1761, mentioning wife Phebe, only son Daniel, daus. Thankful and Elizabeth. 

I write this now to ask if any relationship is known to exist between the two 
families, and shall be glad to receive information from any person connected with 
either of them or interested in their history.— I am myself descended from the first 
Thomas of Sudbury, and wish to learn all I can concerning all of the name here. — 
Is it possible that Daniel Axtell returned from South Carolina, and settled at Dighton? 

W. S. Appleton. 



Mrs. Abigail Lovering. — Amid the many centennial celebrations of events in 
these days, let us notice & personal centennial. On September 1, 1875, Mrs. Abigail 
Lovering celebrated her 100th birthday at the house of her son-in-law, VV m. Wardwell, 
Esq., at Oxford, in the State of Maine, where she has resided for the last few years. 
Her descendants (of which are still living 7 children, 45 grandchildren [oyes], 100 
gr. grandchildren [besoyes], and 9 gr. gr. grandchildren [tresoyes], in ail 161) are 
widely scattered, but twenty of them gathered to celebrate the interesting anniversary, 
and a large number of friends and neighbors joined with them in the congratulations 
and festivities of the occasion. Mrs. L. was in good health and spirits, receiving the 
congratulations with a thankful heart for the prolonged extension of her days, and 
enjoying fully the presence of her descendants and friends. 

On the 9th of October I called upon her at her residence, and met a good-looking 
old lady (in appearance not over 85 years of age) neatly attired, sitting in her 
rocking chair knitting a pair of mittens for a gr. grandchild (a pair of stockings 
very nicely knit by her since she became a centenarian is now in my possession). 
Her intellectual faculties were bright and active, and her memory quite clear, From 
her I derived much information of which I was in search. She uses spectacles when 
reading, and by their aid reads with ease. During the summer she has walked and 
ridden about without difficulty, getting into a carriage as quickly and easily, 
apparently, as she did fifty years ago. I had, at intervals, quite a long conversation 
with her in relation to genealogical and other matters, and throughout she exhibited 
a wonderful clearness, notwithstanding it required, at times, a good degree of thought 
and consideration to arrive at the facts. 

Mrs. L. belongs to a long-lived race, and has a brother now living at Woburn, 
Mass., aged 91 years. Her maiden name was Flagg, and she was born at Woburn, 
Sept. 1, 1775, married in April, 1797, to David Lovering (born at Hollis, 1771, died 
1858), and about 1800 moved to Poland, Maine. Her genealogy is traced from 
Thomas Flagg, who came over with Richard Carver 1637, and settled at Watertown 
1641, — and is as follows : 



112 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

1. Thomas Flagg, of Watertown, b. about 1615. 

2. Gershom, eldest son of Thomas, b. April 16, 1641. 

3. Gershom, second son of Gershom, b. March 10, 1668-9. 

4. Zachariah, " " " " 2d, b. June 20, 1700. 

5. John, fourth son of Zachariah, b. Aug. 29, 1746. 

6. Abigail, b. Sept. 1, 1775. 

John Flagg m. 1st, Hannah Tidd, and had one son Joseph; m. 2d, Abigail 

Thompson, and had John (who m. Fowle) ; Josiah, who d. young; Abigail 

(the centenarian); William (b. July 7, 1784, now living at Woburn); and Hannah, 
(who m. Loomis). 

Mrs. Lovering had ten children : 

i. Mary, b. 1798 ; m. Levi Maxfield, of Woburn. 

ii. Joseph, b. 1799; m. Harriet Brooks, of Alexander, Me. 

iii. Eliza, b. 1801 (d. 1835); m. Elijah Caldwell, of Greenwood, Me. 

iv. Abigail, b. 1802 ; m. William Wardwell, of Oxford, Me. 

v. Joanna, b. 1805 ; m William Rowe, of New Gloucester, Me. 

vi. Gardner, b. 1807; d. young. 

vii. Belinda, b. 1810 (d. 1847); m. Daniel Stone, of Otisfield, Me. 

viii. Hannah, b. 1812 ; m. Francis Hill, of Stoneham. 

ix. Prescott, b. 1814; m. 1st, Hutchinson, 2d, Widow Delphina Tubbs. 

x. Josiah, b. 1818 ; m. 1st, Deborah Jordan, 2d, Sarah Abbott, of Albany, Me. 

Of the gr. gr. grandchildren of Mrs. L. 3 are srr. grandchildren of Mrs. Maxfield, 
2 of Mrs. Caldwell, and 4 of Mrs. Wardwell. 

Since visiting Mrs. L. I have called upon her brother William, at Woburn, whom 
I found bright, cheerful and youthful (for his years), surrounded by his books, from 
which he read to me fluently without glasses, and from whom 1 received a cordial 
greeting as bearer of tidings from his aged sister. 

These instances of longevity it seemed to me must be regarded as exceptions to the 
rule " yet is their strength but labor and sorrow," and surely the " grasshopper " 
has not yet become a " burden." 

Boston, Mass. B. A. G. Fuller. 

Maryland — Letters of Jesuit Missionaries. — Father White's Journal, edited by 
the Rev. Dr. Dalrymple, and published by the Maryland Historical Society in 1874 
[Register, xxviii. 358], contained a translation of sundry letters of Jesuit missiona- 
ries in Maryland, 1635-1677, and a portion of the Latin text of these letters. Since 
then the residue of the Latin text has been found, and will be published by the 
Society above named. 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Samuel Cutler, Historiographer of the Society. 

. Frederic William Sawyer, Esq., a resident member of this Society, was born in 
Saco, Maine, April 22, 1810. He died at his residence, 433 Beacon Street, Boston, 
Sept. 6, 1875, aged 65 years, 4 months and 14 days. His father was William Saw- 
yer, who was born July 28, 1776, and married Margery Scamman, daughter of 
Deacon Samuel Scamman, of Saco. His grandfather William Sawyer married 
Mary Warren, and settled very early on the Buxton road, where it unites with the 
Heath road, about four miles from Saco village. 

In a MS. autobiography, the subject of our notice says, " My grandfather 
used to tell me that when he located on that estate, about 1775, there was no house 
north of him, between there and Canada. Bears, wolves and catamounts were 
quite plenty in the woods near by ; especially in what has always been called ' The 
Great Heath,' an interminable quagmire extending for miles north and east of the 
Heath Road " In connection with the bears and wolves, he also speaks of the 
outlying neighborhoods of the Buxton road, inhabited by the queerest set of 
Yankee inhabitants ever met with in New-England. "They were outlandish 
enough to need an interpreter to understand their gibberish : then came along an 



1876.] Necrology of Historic , Genealogical Society. 113 

inspired set of them, who spoke in tongues ; after them came a saint, one Cochrane, 
a sort of avant courier of Joseph Smith, who had the whole Heath and Loudon vil- 
lages after him. He was more of a Mormon than the Mormon Elder himself, and 
for years dominated all through that region." 

William and Margery (Scamman) Sawyer, the parents of Frederic William Sawyer, 
Esq., at their marriage settled on a farm, in 1803. Beside their son Frederic, they 
had two daughters, Sarah Frost, born Nov. 6, 1804, and Harriet, born Sept. 12, 
1806. 

William Sawyer, the father, early made voyages in vessels between Saco and the 
West Indies. In February, 1812, James Maxwell, of Biddeford, owner of the brig 
Cataract, loaded her with timber, and despatched her on a voyage to the West 
Indies, under the command of Capt. Sawyer. The vessel arrived at her destined 
port, but after leaving was never heard from. 

Mr. Sawyer has left, in manuscript, his childish impressions of the long and 
agonizing waiting of his mother for her husband's return, and the speculations and 
gossip of their neighbors, as they told of mischances by flood and piracy, by war 
and imprisonment ; of the months of waiting and watching for his father's return. 
11 Nothing in life," he says, " is so undying as hope." And circumstances which 
he narrates, encouraged hope until long after the close of the war in 1814-15. 

Mr. Sawyer as a child lived with his mother on the old farm, surrounded on three 
sides by Cutts woods. In his narrative, he says : " By going about one mile through 
the woods to the right, I could reach the river (Saco) near the boom, where I could 
attend a public school a few months in the summer, or I could attend the primary 
school at Saco village, two miles distant, the year round. I chose, except for one 
summer, to walk the two miles. W inters, I either spent at my uncle James Curry's 
house on the Ferry road, afterwards owned by Josiah Calef, or at my grandfather's 
on the Buxton road. The school-house there was on the corner where the Buxton 
and Heath Roads intersected." 

" I have always thought that my youthful experience beside the deep and lonely 
forest, where I encountered so often great numbers of beasts, birds and fishes^ to 
amuse and interest me, has given me a much more lively enjoyment of my vacation 
in the country, than is usual among men bred in villages and cities. I love the 
woods, and all their wild fruits, flowers and inhabitants. The croak of the raven, 
the drumming of the patridge, ' the tapping of the woodpecker,' and the bark of 
the raccoon and fox, are all delightful sounds to me. There is no sound in nature 
more delightful than the low moaning of the woods, the rustle of the leaves, or the 
ripple of the distant sheltered brooS: or waterfall." 

Again he writes : " My early home was near the sea, Old Orchard Beach being 
but a mile, or so, from Capt. Curry's where I spent so many years of my schooldays, 
and less than four miles from my own home. As may well be supposed, under the 
circumstances, my earliest thoughts were connected with the ever changing, uncer- 
tain sea. It always had a strange, sad, mysterious charm for me. I have always 
loved the sad sea wave. From my earliest days I have loved to wander alone by its 
sounding shore, and listen to its deep breathings. It seemed to have something it 
wanted to say to me, but lost heart and failed utterance just when it began to mur- 
mur on the shore." 

The school days of Mr. Sawyer closed in the winter of 1824-5. From that date 
he was for five years a clerk in the store of his uncle James Sawyer, at Damariscotta 
Mills, New Castle, Me. Thence he went to Portland, Me., and was in a dry goods 
store about one year ; after that, in the dry goods store of J. M. Hayes, of Saco, a 
year or two. He then commenced business in Saco, on his own account, which he 
continued until 1837. He then went to Bangor, to take charge of some timber land 
he had, and while cutting and selling his timber, he commenced the study of law in 
the office of Blake & McCrellis. 

" In the spring of 1838," he says, " I came to Boston, and entered myself a 
student in the office of Fletcher & Sewall, then at 14 State Street. Mr. Fletcher 
was then in Congress. Daniel Webster, Jeremiah Mason, Samuel Hoar, Ruf'us 
Choate, Samuel Hubbard, Franklin Dexter, William H. Gardner, Richard Fletcher, 
William D. Sohier, Benjamin Rand, Charles G. Loring, C. P. Curtis and H. H. Ful- 
ler, were then in full practice at the bar. B. R. Curtis was then sitting round 
watching the course of proceedings, and Sidney Bartlett was trying his hand as 
junior counsel." 

Mr. Sawyer completed his studies with Hubbard & Watts, 20 Court Street. While 
there, he wrote and published the "Merchants and Ship Masters' Guide," which 



114 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. [Jan. 

has passed through six editions of 750 copies, and is still a standard work. He was 
admitted to the bar, August 1, 1840. He occupied as his office, Room No. 1, Tudor 's 
Building, No. 20 Court Street, 1840-1871, 31 years. He had, for a long time, a 
large admiralty practice, and a pretty large general practice. 

In 1847, he published his " Plea for Amusements," which met with favorable 
notice; and in I860, "Hits and Hints," a book of happy conception, and very 
readable matter. Under the signatures "Canty Carl," and "Carl," he was for 
many years a contributor to the Transcript. The Editor, in a notice of his death, 
speaks "of his unobtrusive good sense, his pleasant and witty way of putting 
things, his sympathy with the suffering and unfortunate, his advocacy of justice, 
mercy and charity, his love of children, his friendliness towards, and promotion of 
innocuous amusement, and his quick and active desire always alert to benefit his 
fellow creatures. ' ' He was joyfully benevolent in his disposition , free from all morose- 
ness and harshness as he smilingly endeavored, in a zealous but modest way, to use 
his talents so as to make the world, or the circles in which he directly moved, the 
better and the happier also for his believing and cordial life. It is pleasant to learn 
that his faith to the last was serene and hopeful, and that he fell asleep quietly, as 
became the calm close of a well-spent day." 

He married, Sept. 18, 1849, Caroline Beal, daughter of Benjamin and Mary (Swift) 
Burgess, of Sandwich, born March 1, 182 L They had : 1. Ella B., born August 15, 
1850, died August 15, 1863. 2. Frederic C, born July 20, 1853. 3. Rufus F., born 
May 8, 1860. The widow and two sons survive. 

Mr. Sawyer was instrumental in establishing the Pawner's Bank, and was its first 
President. He was for some years a member of the American Statistical Associa- 
tion, and its Librarian from Jan., 1849, to Jan., 1854. He was admitted a resident 
member of this Society, April 30, 1864. To it, he donated, under date of Aug. 15, 
1875, his office book-case, with nearly a hundred volumes of Law Books, consisting of 
Digests, Reports, &c. 

The Hon. Day Otis Kellogg, a member of this society, and a contributor to the 
Register, was born in Gal way, Saratoga county, N. x., Aug. 7, 1796, and died 
Aug. 9, 1874, aged 78 years and 2 days, at Fairfield, Conn. ; whither he had gone 
from his home in Brooklyn, L. I., hoping to be benefited by the change of air, amid 
scenes familiar to him in earlier life. 

The branch of the Kellogg family from which the subject of our memoir descended 
had its origin, as was ascertained by him, during a residence of three years as U. S. 
Consul in Glasgow, Scotland, among the headlands and braes of Fifeshire. The 
name has a Celtic formation, and through all its transformations of Killock, Killoch, 
and Kellogg, he found the two roots, " Kill " and " Loch," meaning a lake cemetery, 
and thus pointing to the origin of the family name. 

The American oranch of the Kellogg family Mr. Kellogg first found located among 
the Puritans in Barnstable county, Mavss., about the middle of the 17th century. 
Thence it removed to the Connecticut Valley, spreading itself along that river into 
Vermont and Connecticut. One branch however followed the westward course of 
empire, and Mr. Kellogg's immediate ancestors were settled in Berkshire county, 
Mass. Both his parents were born in the same county, and in the valley of the 
Housatonic, though they met and were married in Saratoga county, N. Y. Charles 
Kellogg his father was born in Sheffield, Oct. 3, 1773. l His mother, Mary Ann, the 
daughter of David Otis, was born in Richmond, not far from Lenox, and belonged 
to a branch of the Otis family of Barnstable, Mass. 

In 1797, the spring after his birth, his parents set out to seek a pioneer's home in 
what was then considered the " far west." After twice changing their location, 
each time pitching their tent in the unsubdued wilderness, they, in 1799, found them- 
selves in possession of a farm perfectly wild, but of sufficient size to satisfy their 
ambition. The location was Sempronius (now Niles), where they resided forty 
years. 

i - Sharing the vicissitudes of his father's fortunes, Day Otis Kellogg obtained such 
schooling as the new country afforded, together with eighteen months instruction in 
Saratoga village until he was twelve years of age. After this he had the benefits of 
one winter's tuition in a district school, but otherwise his time was given to work 
on his father's farm and as a clerk in his store until he was nineteen. One of his 

1 See " Genealogical Items of the Kellogg Family," Register for July, 1858, and April, 
1860. 



1876,] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 115 

younger companions during these years was Millard Fillmore, who was for a part 
of the time an apprentice in a clothier's shop to Alvan Kellogg, a cousin of the sub- 
ject of this sketch, and a man who subsequently made his way to the legislature of 
New- York from Cortland county. These two comrades were smitten with a thirst 
for learning, and early adopted habits of reading which neither ever abandoned. 
Mr. Kellogg's associations led him directly into mercantile life, and his studies, 
therefore, except so far as they were directed to commercial economy, were not pro- 
fessional but literary. He eagerly pursued historical and geographical reading, and 
familiarized himself with the English classics of the 17th and 18th centuries. 

While boyhood was passing away in Sempronius, the Galway homestead was being 
deserted by his father's brothers, whom a more luxurious fortune enticed to the 
valley of the Hudson. In the beginning of this century, a ferry, which is still main- 
tained at the head of navigation on the Hudson, gave name to the present location 
of Troy. It was then called Ashley's ferry, and the site of the city was then di- 
vided among three farms. In 1801 a village charter was obtained for Troy, and 
here two brothers, Asa and Warren Kellogg, settled a few years later in mercantile 
pursuits. They had established themselves as leading wholesale merchants of that 
section, when in 1815 their nephew, Day Otis Kellogg, came to be their apprentice. 
Having served his time with them after the custom of those days, the emancipated 
clerk started to set up for himself, and, with an instinct like his father's, sought a 
home on the frontier. A visit to Ohio discovered no prospect of sufficient promise 
to detain him there, and he came back to join his father in merchandizing at Kel- 
loggsville, where he remained accumulating some property for two years. His 
ambition exceeding his opportunities, he then removed to Owasco, a village midway 
between Auburn and his father's house, where he opened a country store and en- 
gaged in a flouring mill enterprise. 

In 1827 Mr. Asa Kellogg retired from the mercantile house in Troy, of which he 
was the senior member, and his two younger brothers, Warren and Alexander C, 
continued the business, inviting their nephew, Day Otis, to join them the following 
year. The invitation was accepted, and a few years later, on the retirement of Mr. 
A. C. Kellogg, the firm took the style of Kellogg & Co., which name it retained un- 
til the dissolution of the house in New- York in the year 1855, to which city it re- 
moved four years previously. For more than ten years Mr. D. O. Kellogg was the 
senior member of the firm, three of his younger brothers being associated with him 
from time to time. It passed through the convulsions and prostrations of 1837 with- 
out impeachment of its credit, and when it dissolved Mr. Kellogg remarked that, 
during an existence of over fifty years, it had never suffered from any cause the pro- 
test of a single one of its notes. 

We find our space will oblige us greatly to curtail what has been prepared for 

Eublication, including matter of great interest in the public life of Mr. Kellogg, by 
is son the Rev. Day Otis Kellogg, Jr., and can only enumerate some of the leading 
facts. 

The most active and successful years of Mr. Kellogg's life were passed in Troy, N.Y. 
About the year 1827 he became active in the political movements of the day. He 
joined the new National Republicans, and warmly advocated the election of the 
{State Electoral College by a general state ticket. His position connected him at 
once with the newly rising Whig party, with which the personal friends of his boy- 
hood became identified, and with which all his own political success was won. He- 
sustained the policy of internal improvement. He followed Clay's theories of tariff, 
and strongly opposed Jackson's attitude towards the United States Bank. 

In the years 1836 and '37 he resided in the Island of Santa Cruz for the benefit of 
his health. He prepared, for publication, works valuable to the traveller, the in- 
valid, and the public, relating to the soil, productions, and climate of the Island. 

On his return he was elected to the assembly, and took his seat in the lower house 
in 1839, being made chairman of the Committee on Banks and Insurance Companies. 
In 1849 the city of Troy organized its Board of Education, of which he was made a 
member by the Common Council of the City, and first President by the action of the 
Board itself. 

In the following year Mr. Kellogg was chosen by the Whigs Mayor of Troy, and 
his was the last administration of that party in the city. He did not complete his 
term of office, for, on the accession of Mr. Fillmore to the presidential chair in 1850, 
he was appointed to the consulship at Glasgow, Scotland, to which port he sailed in 
November of that year. Tendering his resignation to Mr. Pierce in 1853 on that 
gentleman's inauguration, Mr. Kellogg returned to New- York, where his business 



116 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, Jan. 

connections were then established, and took up a permanent residence in Brooklyn. 
For some years subsequently he engaged in mercantile pursuits, but gave up active 
life some years before his decease. 

Mr. Kellogg's public spirit, and his desire to promote the interests of the city of 
Troy, led him at the cost of much time, and no 6mall detriment to his private in- 
terests, to engage largely in efforts for more rapid transportation by railroads cen- 
tring in that city. We have not room to speak of these in detail. 

In his religious life Mr. Kellogg was connected from early manhood to his death 
with the Protestant Episcopal Church. He was ever ready to engage in religious 
enterprises for his fellow-men, and has said in his later years that nothing gave him 
more pleasure to recall than his connection with the Bible Society. 

Beyond all the tributes to his judgment and character which the positions he oc- 
cupied afford, those who knew Mr. Kellogg well, will prize more the modesty, the 
quiet dignity and courtesy which won their respect, the ingenuous truthfulness 
which sustained every confidence put in him, the stability and purity of his christian 
principles, which commanded men's esteem, and confirmed him in their love. 

Mr. Kellogg was thrice married. 

1. In 1825, to Ann Eliza, daughter of David and Ann Dickenson Smith, of Lan- 
singburg, N. Y. She died Aug. 11, 1829, leaving two sons, Burr T. and Charles D. 
of New- York city. 

2. In 1831, to Mary Ann, daughter of Ebenezer and Mary S. Hinman Dimon, of 
Fairfield, Conn. She died May 7, 1840, leaving three sons, George D., died 1865, 
Theodore D., and Day Otis, Jr. 

3. In Sept. 1841, to Harriet Walter, daughter of John and Harriet Walter Odin, 
of Boston, Mass., who, with their adopted daughter, Lula Desbrisay Kellogg, a re- 
lative of her mother's, survive him. Mr. Odin was a prominent and worthy mer- 
chant of Boston, and Mrs. Odin was a daughter of the Kev. William Walter, D.D., 
of Boston. 

Mr. Kellogg published a history of Troy and its resources, a pamphlet of 48 pages ; 
a genealogical account of the Kellogg family, two numbers 1858 and 1860, 8 pages 
each. Besides these, he contributed a series of articles to the Troy papers on in- 
ternal improvements, over the signature of Hancock ; a serial life of Millard Fillmore 
to the New- York Commercial Advertiser, and a number of addresses and discussions 
of current themes to the newspapers of the day, and especially to " Hunt's Mer- 
chants' Magazine." 

He was admitted a resident member of this society, Aug. 20, 1856. 

Prepared by the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., late Historiographer of the Society. 

Capt. Charles Augustus Ranlett, Jr. — The subject of this sketch was born in 
Charlestown, Mass., Sept. 21, 1836, and died in Brooklyn, N. Y., Feb. 6, 1874, a^ed 
37 years. His early life was not particularly eventful. A vigorous constitution 
carried him through the ordinary ills incident to childhood, and he attended the 
public schools from a very early age, with little interruption, until he launched out 
upon his career as a mariner. A natural, probably inherited, taste for a nautical 
life was encouraged, no doubt, by a voyage to New Orleans and Europe, at an early 
age, with his parents and a younger brother. 

As a boy, he developed a strong disposition for adventure. Fearless almost to 
rashness, he was recognized as a leader among his young comrades, and was never 
known to show the least spark of pusillanimity in any situation in which he was 
placed. This bold and hardy spirit was held in check by the wise government of 
a mother, whom he ever, both as a boy and as a man, obeyed and revered with un- 
wavering devotion. To her wise management and counsels he always attributed 
whatever success he attained in after years. Though a good scholar, he chafed under 
the restraint of school discipline, and it was thought best to give vent to his inclina- 
tion for the seas. He did not leave school, however, until he had laid the basis of a 
good common-school education, with some knowledge of the classics, which was 
always useful to him in his reading and study of later years. To the good influence 
of the day-school were added those of the Sunday-school in forming his character. 
He was guided at home by a Christian mother, and to the time of his departure 
from home was a regular attendant at the First Baptist Church and Sunday-school 
in Charlestown. His after life was an exemplification of the purifying influence of 
the religious teaching he then and there received. A regular attendance upon Divine 
Service when in port, and the frequent observance of the Sabbath at sea, when com- 
patible with the duties of proper navigation of the ship, were evidences of his regard 
for the " day to keep it holy." 



1876.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, 117 

At the age of fourteen, it happened that the great California excitement com- 
menced. Vessels of beautiful model were being launched from our ship-yards, and 
spreading their white wings for the race to San Francisco. What wonder that the 
young man, with his intense nautical tastes, should spend much of his time in 
wandering about among the vessels that lay at the wharves, and pining for a day 
when he could begin a " life on the ocean wave." Yet for all his longing to go, he 
never would think of it without his mother'sconsent. This was at length reluctantly 
secured. At this time, 1851, his father was about to proceed to England, to take 
command of the Clipper Ship " Surprise," and it was arranged that Charles should 
sail as boy on board the ship " Samuel Russell," then loading at New-York for China, 
under Capt. Limeburner, who afterwards commanded the " Great Republic." So our 
sailor-boy bid farewell to home, and joyfully embarked upon the element he ever 
after loved so well. Capt. Limeburner always spoke of him as a good boy, faithful 
to his duty, anxious to learn navigation, and was sorry to lose him, when, in China, 
he joined his father, and was made third mate of the "Surprise," a position for 
which Capt. L. considered him competent, despite his brief experience. 

And now he took up his home on board the ship with which, save for one passage, 
he was ever after identified. In 1856, being in China at the time the clipper ship 
" Panama" was about to sail for New-York, he was urged, by Capt. Cave, to take 
the position of chief officer of his ship, Capt. C. being ill, and feeling it import- 
ant to have a reliable mate. He accepted, and during the greater part of the pas- 
sage home was virtually in command of the ship, the Captain being confined to his 
room by sickness. He arrived in New- York in 86 days from Shanghae, then the 
shortest passage ever made between the two ports, and only twice beaten afterwards, 
by his father in the "Surprise" and by the "Swordfish." Capt. Cave was very 
loth to lose him when he decided to return to the " Surprise," and always spoke of 
him in the highest terms both as a man and a sailor. Hereafter, his career as a 
mariner was as mate and master of the ship "Surprise," in the employ of A. A. 
Low & Brothers, of New- York. Long service as mate of the ship, well fitted him for 
the command, which he received in 1860, when his father gave way for him and took 
another ship. From that time, he trod the quarter deck of the " Surprise " during 
a period of thirteen years, sailing her skilfully and successfully, having the confidence 
of his owners and the respect of all with whom he came in contact ; making inva- 
riably the shortest passages to or from China, until the ship became world-renowned 
for her speed, and was admitted to be the Queen of the China fleet. The degree 
of affection he felt for the ship can only be understood by those who, like 
him, have made their home for years upon one vessel, and been carried safely 
through the perils of the deep hundreds of thousands of miles. Until his 
marriage, he ever spoke of the ship as his wife, and never was tired of decorating 
her and making her shine "alow and aloft." No ship ever entered the port of 
New- York from a foreign voyage in finer order — and her departure was a gala oc- 
casion with his multitude of friends of either sex. who always accompanied him 
down the bay, nor left until all sail was made for the distant haven. 

Capt. Ranlett married, August 4, 1870, Miss Isabella, daughter of Luther Faulk- 
ner, Esq., of Billerica, who survives. 

He was admitted to this society as a resident member, Nov. 8, 1866. He was also 
a member of the New- York Marine Society, and of the Clinton Commandery of 
Knights Templars of that city. 

John Stratton Wright, Esq., a life member and benefactor, was born at Plain- 
field, N. H., June 30, 1788, and died at Brookline, Mass., June 29, 1874, after a short 
illness, having gone to his counting-room in Boston as usual the previous Tuesday. 
He was son of Dr. Eben Wright, an eminent physician, born 1755, died 1798, and 
Martha Wellman. His grandfather, Samuel Wright, was descended from one of the 
earliest settlers of New-England, Deacon Samuel Wright, of Springfield, 1639. (See 
Register, iv. 355-8.) 

Mr. Wright, when quite young, started in business at Thetford, Vermont, being 
associated with the late George Peabody, the philanthropic banker. In 1824, he 
came to Boston, where he was engaged several years in the management of one 
of the city banks. In 1832, he commenced business in the dry goods line, and for 
more than half a century occupied a high position among the merchants of Boston. 
He possessed the highest qualifications for success in business, with the finest sense 
of integrity and honorable dealing, prompt and attentive in his business, and rarely 
absent from his counting-room. He always desired to die " in the harness," and. 
bis wish was gratified. 

VOL. XXX. 10 



118 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, [Jan. 

He married Mary Russell, daughter of Dr. Samuel Wellman, of Piermont, N. H. 
Children : Charles, died young ; Dr. John H., Joseph B., Eben., Mary E. 
He was admitted a resident member of this society, Dec. 30, 1871. 

The Rev. Thomas DeWitt, D.D., a corresponding member, born in Kingston, co. 
Ulster, N. Y., Sept. 13, 1791 ; died May 18, 1874, in New- York city. He was the 
son of Thomas DeWitt, born May 3, 1741, died Sept. 9, 1809 ; a Revolutionary offi- 
cer, and lineally descended from one of the early settlers from Holland 1654, and 
Elsie Hasbrouck, born March, 1750, died June 28, 1833 ; descended from one of a 
band of French Huguenot Refugees, who for a short time resided in Holland, then 
came to America and settled in co. Ulster, N. Y. He was graduated from the 
Theological Seminary, New Brunswick, N.J. In 1812, was ordained at Pough- 
keepsie, a minister of the Dutch Reformed Church. In 1827, he was called to the 
Collegiate Reformed Dutch Church, in New- York, and remained their pastor until 
his death. 

Dr. DeWitt was one of the most active and learned of the ministers of his 
church, and was the promoter of every good object for the advancement of re- 
ligion and learning, and in all the charitable and educational movements of the 
church he was an earnest co-worker. He had so thorough a knowledge of the 
Dutch language, that when occasion required he preached in that language. He 
was one of the founders of the Board of Education of his church, and held respon- 
sible positions as a manager of various institutions of learning and religious and 
benevolent societies. He was a trustee of Rutgers College for more than thirty 
years ; also one of the superintendents of the Theological Seminary at New-Bruns- 
wick ; a trustee of Columbia College, of the American Tract Society, and of the 
Leake and Watts Asylum ; president of the City Mission, of the Tract Society, and 
of the New- York Historical Society. His kindly deportment and unpretentious 
yet dignified intercourse with his fellow-men caused him to be universally beloved. 

He was admitted a member of this society, January 15, 1858. 

John Cough Nichols, F.S.A., a corresponding member, was born at his father's 
residence, Red Lion Passage, Fleet street, London, May 22, 1806, and died at 
Holrawood Park, near Dorking, in Surrey, England, November 14, 1873. He was 
the representative of a family which, while carrying on successfully the business of 
printing, has for three generations, more or less, distinguished itself in the sphere 
of literature and archasological research. His grandfather, John Nichols, F.S.A., 
was the well-known author of the " Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century," 
the compiler of " The History of Leicestershire," and, for forty-eight years, the 
editor of the " Gentleman's Magazine."' His father. John Bowyer Nichols, F.S.A., 
was from an early age the coadjutor of his father in editing the " Gentleman's Maga- 
zine," and completed many of his works. 

In 1811, the subject of this notice was placed at a school at Islington, where 
Benjamin Disraeli was his school-fellow. In 1814, he was sent to Lewisham, where 
he remained until 1816, and in 1817 was placed at Merchant Taylor's, from which, 
in the summer of 1824, he left school to join in the business and literary labors of 
his father and grandfather, to whom, before his school-days were over, he was a 
useful assistant. Journals kept by him during his school-days, are still in existence, 
and indicate the bent of his mind. He makes notes on churches, and copies inscrip- 
tions and epitaphs. His first literary work, after leaving school,' was to help in the 
compilation of the " Progresses of King James the First," the latest work of his 
father, which he completed after his father's death. He took an active part in the 
editorial management of " The Gentleman's Magazine," until 1856 (when the pro- 
prietorship was - relinquished by the Messrs. Nichols) , contributing to its pages many 
essays of considerable historical value. In 1829, he published his first separate work, 
a collection of '* Autographs of Royal, Noble, Learned, and Remarkable Person- 
ages," accompanied by Biographical Memoirs, which show extensive research and 
historical knowledge in its young author. In 1831, he published a volume on 
11 London Pageants," which was received with considerable favor. In 1833, the 
Messrs. Nichols commenced the publication, in quarterly parts, of the " Collectanea 
Topographica et Genealogica." Of this work, which was completed in eight vol- 
umes in 1843, Mr. John Gough Nichols was one of the original editors, and latterly 
the sole editor. In 1835, he was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, of 
which he was an active and useful member until the time of his death. In 1838, 
he published "A Description of the Frescoes discovered in 1804, in the Guild 



1876.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 119 

Chapel, at Stratford-on-Avon, and of the Records relating thereto." In the same 
year he suggested, and in conjunction with other friends, established the Camden 
Society, the objects of which were announced to be " to perpetuate and render ac- 
cessible whatever is valuable, but at present little known, amongst the materials 
for the Civil, Ecclesiastical, or Literary History of the United Kingdom." This 
society rapidly achieved a triumph beyond the hopes of its projectors. He edited 
many of the volumes issued by that society. In 1844, he became an original mem- 
ber of the Archaeological Association. 

In 1849, he published the "Pilgrimages of Walsingham and Canterbury," by 
Erasmus, an original translation. The termination of Mr. Nichols's connection 
with the management of '* The Gentleman's Magazine," had been rendered necessary 
by the state of his health, but it was with great reluctance that he renounced it, 
and in little more than a year we find him planning the establishment of another 
periodical, which ultimately took the form of the " Herald and Genealogist," which 
met with great favor, but other engagements and uncertain health interfered 
seriously with the regularity of the publication. Its pages were always open to 
American correspondents, and he had the opportunity of making known in this 
country many valuable American contributions to genealogical literature. In 1869, 
he attempted the publication of "The Register and Magazine of Biography," de- 
voted wholly to contemporary biography and the record of family events, though he 
did not edit it ; but, receiving no pecuniary support, it was abandoned after six 
months trial. Mr. Nichols joined the London and Middlesex Archaeological Associa- 
tion, on its first establishment in 1855, and was elected a member of its Council in 
1857, and a Vice-President in J865, which offices he retained until his death. The 
Transactions of this society also bear witness to his untiring industry and extensive 
knowledge. 

John Gough Nichols married, July 22, 1843, Lucy, eldest daughter of Frederick 
Lewis, Esq., Commander R. N., by whom he had one son: John Bruce Nichols, 
born Nov. 18, 1848, whose name was joined, in 1873, to those of his father and 
uncle as " Printers of the Votes and Proceedings of the House of Commons." He 
also had two daughters. Throughout the summer of 1873, his friends had observed 
with regret a decided falling oft' in his health and strength, but he still bestowed 
an immense amount of labor upon his different undertakings. A few days before his 
death, he read a proof of a new edition of Mr. Evelyn Shirley's " Stemmata 
Shirleiana." The summer before his death, he prepared for this society biographi- 
cal sketches of his friends, Sir Thomas Phillipps, baronet, and Sir Frederick Madden, 
members of 'this society, who had been associated with him in establishing the 
" Collectanea Topographica et Genealogica ;" which was published in the Register, 
xxvii. 428-30. 

He was admitted a member of this institution, July 23, 1864. 

Prepared by William B. Trask, Esq., former Historiographer of the Society. 

Thomas Waterman, a resident member, died in Boston, Feb. 26, 1875, in his 84th 
year. He was a descendant in the 7 th generation from Robert 1 Waterman, of Marsh - 
field, through Thomas, 2 Thomas, 3 Thomas, 4 Silas 5 and Thomas 6 his father. Mr. 
Waterman contributed to the Register for April, 1869 (ante, xxiii. 204-5), an article 
on " The Descendants of Robert Waterman, of Marshrjeld," in which further par- 
ticulars of his ancestors will be found. 

The subject of this notice was the eldest of nine children of Thomas 6 and Susan- 
nah (Cleveland) Waterman, and was born in Lebanon, N. H., Sept. 14, 1791. He 
remained at the old homestead with his parents until he was 18 years of age, 
working on the farm in the summer season, and attending the village school in the 
winter. He then left his home and engaged in the service of Peter R. Field, at his 
store in West Lebanon, where he remained till he was twenty -one years of age. 
The following year he taught in one of the District schools of his native town. 
In 1812, Master Waterman first exercised his right of suffrage (taking the Freeman's 
oath as was the custom then, before voting) , and the first time was the last that he 
voted at the polls in Lebanon, as he left the state of New-Hampshire soon after, 
and resided in Hartford, Vt., now White River Junction, during the next five years, 
occupying a situation in the store of Justin and Elias Lyman. In December, 1817, 
he left the Lymans, came to Boston, and obtained employment as a clerk in the store 
of Stearns & Danforth, on India Street. In September, 1819, Mr. Waterman com- 
menced business in Concord, N. H., with Sampson Bullard, under the firm of 
Bullard & Waterman. In five years time he relinquished the business to the senior 



120 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, [Jan. 

partner, and returned to Boston, where he engaged in the West India goods trade, 
until the month of January, 1829. The September following found him occupying 
the position of discount clerk in the Bank of the United States, in Boston, where 
he remained until the charter expired in 1836, when the affairs of that bank were 
closed. The state of Pennsylvania having granted a charter for a bank of the same 
name, an agency was established in Boston. Samuel Frothingham, Esq., former 
cashier of the old Bank, was appointed Agent, and made Mr. Waterman his confiden- 
tial clerk. He remained in this position until April, 1841, when the agency was dis- 
continued. A branch of the Treasury Department of the United States was subse- 
quently formed in Boston, Mr. Frothingham was made its Treasurer, and he, again, 
selected Mr. Waterman for his clerk. In the summer of 1841, Congress repealed 
the act authorizing the sub-treasury, as it was called, and the Boston business 
closed. In December, 1841, Mr. W. was chosen book-keeper in the Traders' Bank, 
now the Traders' National Bank of this city, where he remained until the infirmi- 
ties of age precluded him from any active service. 

Mr. Waterman married Joanna Towle, a native of North-Hampton, N. H., Jan. 
12, 1832. She died April 22, 1864, aged 61 years, 12 days. They had five children, 
three daughters and two sons, of whom a daughter and a son, the oldest and the 
youngest, survive. The son, Thomas, fitted for college at the Public Latin School 
in Boston, graduated at Harvard College in 1864, studied medicine, and is now a 
practising physician in Boston. 

Mr. Waterman was for fifty-three years a member of Mount Lebanon Lodge of 
Free aud Accepted Masons, and for forty-four years its honored and respected secre- 
tary. He was connected for thirty-three years with the St. Andrew's Royal Arch 
Chapter ; associated fifty-seven years with the Boston Royal Council of Select and 
Royal Masters, and thirty years a member of the Grand Royal Arch Chapter of 
Massachusetts. He was an honorary member of the Zetland Lodge, of which Dr. 
Thomas Waterman, son of the deceased, was Master. In 1859, Mr. Waterman pub- 
lished biographical sketches of distinguished members of St. Andrew's Royal 
Arch Chapter, Boston, which was instituted in 1769. The By-Laws of the Chapter 
are contained in the volume, of 130 pages, 12 mo. ; but about two-thirds of the book 
is occupied with Mr. Waterman's sketches. These are prepared with great care, 
from reliable sources, and are without doubt very correct, as our friend was a cau- 
tious man, sparing neither time nor labor in his endeavor to make such things right. 
He added, also, a list of all the officers and members of the Chapter, from the time 
of its organization, a period of ninety years. 

Mr. Waterman issued a second edition of the above work in 1866 (pp. 168), 
adding to it twelve biographies, bringing his list of officers and members down to 
the date of publication. 

The rites of burial according to the Masonic ritual were performed at his funeral, 
which took place from the South Congregational Church, Union Park, March 2, 
mid a large concourse of friends and members of the Masonic fraternity, with 
which he had been connected more than sixty-one years, organizations of the latter 
bringing beautiful and costly floral tributes, consisting of camelias, tea-roses, violets, 
white and red carnations and other choice flowers. Rev. Dr. Blagden, and Rev. 
Jacob M. Manning, D.D., pastors of the deceased, officiated. The remains were con- 
veyed to Mount Auburn, and were interred in his family lot, No. 1021, on Fir 
Avenue. 

Mr. Waterman was one of the most honest, conscientious and faithful of men. 
He had the entire confidence, love and respect of every one who knew him. He was 
a gentleman of true antiquarian tastes, and had collected a valuable library of his- 
torical and miscellaneous books. He was made a resident member of our society, 
Feb. 18, 1852. 

The Rev. Thomas Smyth, D.D., died in Charleston, South Carolina, August 20, 
1873, aged 65. He was born in Belfast, Ireland, July 14, 1808, of Scotch and 
English ancestry. His father participated in what is called"tbe Rebellion of 1798," 
and suffered a long and painful imprisonment therefor. His mother, whose maiden 
name was Magee, was a woman of superior attainments. He always spoke of her 
with the greatest affection and reverential love. When Thomas was about 17 years 
of age, his father failed in business, and the young man felt the necessity of giving 
up his studies, that he might aid his parents in providing for their support. A kind 
friend offered him a situation in his counting-house. While hesitating whether or 
not to accept, his mother said to him, " Thomas, if you want to pursue your studies, 



1876.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 121 

go on ; I will work myself, if necessary, to secure your expenses." Alluding to her 
great kindness and affection for him, he thus writes in his diary: "Most blessed 
mother, could my thanks now reach thee, in thy bright throne above, I should here, 
amid these falling tears, pour forth the grateful acknowledgments of thy long 
cherished son. I love to think of thee, my mother, of thy illimitable, inexhaustible 
love." Encouraged in such a practical and efficient manner by this kind parent, 
he entered upon his studies with renewed energy. Reading was his great delight, 
the possession of books his ardent desire. His thirst for books, to use his own 
language, "became rapacious" "and he frequently overspent his supplies in 
procuring them, and had to deny himself for two or three months, in the dead of 
winter, almost the necessaries of life." It seems somewhat singular that he should 
have used the following language to young ministers " to beware of a passion for 
books, or a blind chase after a large library. It is, as a general thing, vain and 
useless. It is often impoverishing and infatuating. It becomes as insatiate as the 
grave, crying ' Give ! give ! ' I feel that I was an exception to the rule, a sacrifice, 
willingly offered up for the public good. I felt a special call to collect a large library, 
not for myself, but for my brethren's sake, and for posterity. This has been a part 
of my life work." He had at one time about 20,000 volumes. His books, by letter 
he informed me, cost him about 30,000 dollars. " I studied Bibliography," he says, 
" in order to collect a large, systematic, Presbyterian, Theological and Literary 
Library, as an armory for our Ministers and Churches in Charleston, similar to that of 
Dr. Williams in London. As it increased, I labored to adapt it for a Theological 
seminary, in which I hoped it ultimately would find a providential location. He 
retained a working portion ; the residue, some 15.000 choice books, went to the 
Theological Seminary, Columbia, S. C, where they are known as the "Smyth 
Library." 

" In all his travels in America and Europe, he was in quest of books, often spending 
whole days in stores and antiquarian stalls ; and, for years, consuming the greater 
part of his salary in the purchase of books." 

To return to his early life. He was the youngest of six sons. His constitution 
was so frail, " that no one expected him to live beyond the period of childhood," 1 
but he had an indomitable will and an earnest desire to become a scholar, seconded 
by his heroic mother, as we have before stated, who had a desire that he should be a 
minister. Notwithstanding his feebleness, he entered the first Institute at Belfast, at 
the age of 19, where he won prizes in every branch of study. " His superior scholar- 
ship was acknowledged by his entire class of nearly a hundred students, who, by 
their unanimous suffrage, awarded to him the highest prize." He had for his private 
instructor there, the famous tragedian, Sheridan Knowles, and there " he began to 
develop those powers of elocution, which afterward gave him a place among the 
princes of pulpit oratory." 

His father was for many years an Elder in the Presbyterian Church of which Dr. 
Samuel Hanna was pastor. In this church he was brought up. His theological 
studies were prosecuted at Highbury College, in London. Here to obtain books " he 
would undergo the most painful self-denials, sacrificing his comfort, in the severest 
inclemency of winter, bartering his very food and fuel for his coveted treasures." 
" In addition to his theological studies, he attended a course of scientific lectures in 
London, read the higher classics, and roamed at will through the tomes of learned 
antiquity. But all this was too much for his physical endurance. He seemed sinking 
into a decline, and all his bright hopes for the future were apparently to be over- 
thrown. At this critical moment his parents were preparing to remove to America, 
where the most of their children had preceded them. He sailed with them for New- 
York in August, 1830, and soon after his arrival joined his eldest brother in 
Patterson, N. J. Here he connected himself with the Presbyterian church, entered 
the senior class at Princeton seminary, and before graduating received an invitation 
to the 2d Presbyterian church in Charleston, S. C, and in Nov. 1831 he entered upon 
his labors there. Six months afterwards he had a unanimous call to become their 
pastor, which he accepted, giving them the preference over several other calls. He 
was installed by the Charleston Union Presbytery, Dec. 29, 1834. In 1832 he 
married the eldest daughter of James Adger, of Charleston, by whom he had nine 
children, six of whom — three sons and three daughters — survive their father. One of 
his sons is a ruling elder in the church, another is a deacon. In 1848 he was 
attacked with partial paralysis. In 1853 he had a second attack. Two months after 

1 His father said of him, " there is no cure for him but a plaister of earth." 

VOL. XXX. 10* 



122 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, [Jan. 

the last stroke of paralysis, " a disastrous fire swept away the choicest portion of his 
collection of books, which he called his working library, together with valuable 
manuscripts upon which he had bestowed several years of laborious study." 
This loss he was never able to repair. "It was a sore trial to him and a serious 
loss to the world." He was a life-long sufferer, yet he labored on in his sphere of 
duty. In his graphic way he thus describes pain. " I have often thought I could 
write a natural history of pain. I have known her from childhood. We have 
walked arm in arm, dwelt in the same house, occupants of the same bed. She is 
like the chamelion, of every hue, and like Proteus, of every shape. She is sometimes 
as quick as light, and again, like an Alexandrian line, ' drags her slow length 
along.' Sometimes, she is as the forked lightning coursing in tortuous torture 
through every limb and fibre of the body, and dissolving the pent-up and 
collected clouds of bitterness into flooding tears; and sometimes she is that 
lightning in its negative form, of quiet, dull monotony, or occasional playful 
flashes, just enough to rouse the attention and excite the fancy. Sometimes she 
languishes into the faint tones of an infant, talking in its sleep, or like the bubbling 
groan of some strong swimmer in his agony, or like a strong man in the whirlwind 
of his passion, she puts on an angel's might, and mystery of power." He was a 
cheerful, happy sufferer. His great will " inspired him with untiring industry and 
unflagging energy." He often remarked that the will can conquer pain, and 
command the shattered nerves to hold their peace. On one occasion, when the ni^ht 
was dark and inclement, and his whole frame writhing with agony, he assumea a 
posture of defiance, and emphasizing his words with his crutch, while his chamber 
rung with his echo, he rose with determination, declaring that he would not M stand 
it any longer." Pushing out into the dismal darkness, against the earnest remon- 
strances of the members of his household, he returned, after several hours of 
gymnastic exercise, and exclaimed, with an air of triumph, " I told you so. Any 
man may subdue pain, if he only has the will to do it." 

After ministering to his flock for 39 years, his increasing infirmities caused him to 
ask a dismission in Nov. 1870, which was reluctantly given. He was unanimously 
elected their Pastor Emeritus. The life, character and labors of Dr. Smyth, who 
received his degree of D.D. in 1843 from New- Jersey College at Princeton, are 
snven in a discourse of 63 octavo pages, preached by his successor, the Rev. G. R. 
firackett, entitled — "The Christian Warrior Crowned." This is contained in a 
volume " In Memoriam," of 186 pages, which, with a copy of an autobiographical 
letter of the compiler, dated Charleston, S. C, Nov. 10, 1866, is in the Library of 
this Society. From these we have gleaned the material for this notice. 

Dr. Smyth was a well known author, having published, as he says, " some 70 " 
works. The names of 20 appear in Allibone's Dictionary. He was made a corres- 
ponding member of this society, June 26, 1855, and from 1856 to 1863 held the office 
of honorary vice-president for South Carolina. 

The Rev. Curtis Cutler died in Cambridge, Oct. 13, 1874, aged 68. He was the 
third son and child of Nathaniel and Anna (Child) Cutler, and a descendant in the 
seventh generation from James 1 and Anna Cutler who settled early in Watertown, 
but afterward removed to Cambridge Farms, now Lexington ; through James 2 (their 
eldest son, born 1635, married Lydia Moore Wright, widow of Samuel Wright and 
daughter of John Moore, of Sudbury), Thomas, 3 David, 4 Thomas * and Nathaniel, 6 
above named, his father. 

Curtis Cutler was born in Lexington, Mass., Jan. 1, 1806, graduated at Harvard 
College in 1829, studied theology at Cambridge, settled in the ministry at Gardner, 
in Worcester County, Mass., Oct. 30, 1833, where he remained six years; was in- 
stalled at Peterboro', N. H., colleague with the Rev. Abiel Abbot, D.D., Jan. 30, 
1840 ; resigned his pastorate, May, 1848, and removed to Lexington. While at 
Peterboro' he was associated with the Rev. Dr. Leonard, of Dublin, and the Reve- 
rends Mr. Whitwell of Wilton and A. A. Livermore, then of Keene, in the com- 
pilation of the volume of hymns known as the " Cheshire Collection." In 1850, in 
consequence of an increasing bronchial affection, he left the ministry and entered 
the counting-room of William Underwood & Co., merchants in Boston. In 1854-5, 
having removed to Lexington, he represented that town in the Massachusetts Legis- 
lature. In 1855 he took up his abode in Cambridge, which place was ever after his 
home. He had children : Sarah M., born in Gardner, Mass., April 14, 1838. Anna 
C., born in Peterborough, N. H., March 12, 1845. Mr. Cutler took a deep interest 
in his family history and contributed largely toward the Cutler genealogy, furnish- 
ing the Rev. Abner Morse with much of the matter contained in chapter fourth of 



1876.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 123 

his work on the Cutler family. He was a subscriber to the Register, and had a 
true regard for its welfare. He was a quiet, modest, agreeable man, of a character 
lovely and pure. " Family and friends, classmates and all associates ioin in loving 
remembrance and honor of him." One who knew him long and well, as a friend 
and neighbor, writes of him : " He was always the kindly gentleman, cheerful and 
uncomplaining. He was an elder brother to his children. His was a real home, 
one of the pleasantest I was ever in, rich in love and good-will. The world will 
scarcely miss him, yet it is greatly the gainer for his life." 
He was admitted to this society, as a resident member, Dec. 22, 1858. 

Prepared by the Hon. James D. Green - , A.M., of Cambridge, Mass. 

Walter Cooper Green, Esq., the youngest of thirteen children of Dr. Ezra 
and Susannah Hayes Green, was born in Dover, N. H., July 1, 1799; and died in 
Boston, Mass., April 25, 1875, at the age of 75 yrs. 9 mos. and 24 days, and soon 
after the completion of the memoir of the private life and character of his venerated 
father ; — which was printed in the Register for the month in which he died {ante, 
xxix. 173-81), to which reference may be had for ancestral details. 

It is believed that his father, Dr. Ezra Green, intended to give Walter a collegiate 
education, and, for that purpose, sent him to Exeter Academy, where he was in 1815, 
and where he remained about two or three years ; when, that intention having been 
relinquished for the practice of the law, we find him in the office of one of the 
members of the New Hampshire bar, in his native town. Here he prosecuted his 
studies with most commendable diligence, for two or three years. From Dover he 
came to Boston, and entered the office of Judge Prescott, where he continued about 
two years, and then in 1823 opened an office for the practice himself. The prospect, 
however, seemed not encouraging, nor was the idea he entertained of the practice of 
the profession one congenial to his feelings ; and he readily embraced an opportunity 
that soon presented of joining his brother Charles, who had been doing a profitable 
business in Liverpool, $ng., and was now established as a commission merchant in 
New- York. This was about the year 1825 ; and, for a period of years, they prospered 
in their business ; but misfortunes overtook them, and failure was the consequence. 
Walter then went into business on his own account, as a metal broker, and, as I am 
informed, with more than common success. 

In the mean time he had formed a matrimonial connection with Miss Almira 
Hammond, b. Dec. 13, 1809, youngest daughter of Samuel and Sarah Hammond, of 
Boston. This was in Sept. 1838. She died in 1847, a little less than ten years after 
her marriage, leaving two children, a daughter and a son, named respectively Sarah 
and Walter Hammond. The former married Henry Blake, son of George Baty 
Blake, who recently died in Brookline. They have two children, Harry and Alice. 

Walter Hammond, son of the subject of this sketch, after his mother's death 
passed several years, — seven, as 1 am informed, — in Cambridge, in the family of Rev. 
Dr. Palfrey, — Mrs. Palfrey being his aunt, and, with her daughters, supplying the 
place of a mother. He attended school here ; was a playmate of one of my own 
children ; and next was placed at school in Vevay, in Switzerland, on the border of 
the Lake of Geneva, where he remained about two years. Not long after his return, 
at the age of 14 years, he had the scarlet fever, from which he had but recently 
recovered, when, on going to New-York, he was seized with the small-pox', — from 
what exposure was never known, — and lived but a few days, dying Nov. 26, 1857. 
The body was brought to Cambridge, and buried at Mt. Auburn, on Thanksgiving 
Day. In the words of a loving relative, to whom 1 am indebted for this account, 
" he was a beautiful boy, and his early death was the cause of a great sorrow to his 
father ; " and, I may add, more especially, since now, at the decease of the only 
surviving male member, now in his 93d year, the name (Green) will become extinct 
in that branch of the family. 

Walter C. Green I have known from childhood. We were own cousins, nearly of 
the same age, and frequent playmates in the interchanging visits of the members of 
the two families. Our fathers, the only children of their parents, bore a strong 
personal resemblance to each other, — so much indeed that one was not unfrequently 
mistaken for the other. Both served in the Revolutionary War ; the older, Dr. Ezra, 
as Surgeon in the N. H. Regiment, during the siege of Boston, and afterwards under 
Arnold at Montreal and Ticonderoga. The younger, Bernard, my father, served as 
one of the minute-men engaged in the Concord and Lexington fight, and as one of 
the Coast Guard on the Chelsea shore of the Mystic River, on the 17th of June, in 



124 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society* [Jan. 

full view of the battle of Bunker Hill. Later in the war, the older was serving with 
Paul Jones in the battle of the Ranger with the Drake, and the younger, Bernard, 
was serving under Washington, in the battle of White Plains. After the war, the 
former, Dr. Ezra Green, relinquishing the practice of his profession, devoted himself 
to mercantile pursuits ; the latter, Bernard, spent the rest of his days in the cultiva- 
tion of the ancestral acres, which thus continued in the family for five generations, 
or upwards of 200 years, — he, the younger, dying first, July 15, 1834, at the age of 
82k years, and Dr. Ezra living till July 25, 1847, when he departed this life at the 
age of 101 years and 28 days. 

With such intimate relations between the families it could not well be otherwise 
than that Walter, the subject of this sketch, and myself, nearly of the same age, 
should have a common sympathy, and be well acquainted with each other. Though, 
from the nature of our respective pursuits, we seldom met for a considerable period 
during our middle age, we occasionally corresponded ; and, though circamstance« did 
not admit of our visiting Europe in company, he availed himself subsequently of an 
opportunity, and leisurely made the tour of England and Scotland, France and 
Germany, Switzerland and Italy. On this trip it was that his exposure to the damp 
atmosphere of London, as he believed, was the cause of a cold, which resulted in the 
loss of voice, or power to emit a vocal sound, or to speak otherwise than in what 
may be called an audible whisper. His last sickness was contracted, as I understood 
him, when on a visit to Brattleboro', Vt., in the summer of 1874, from which he 
returned to his residence in Boston, and betook himself to his apartments, — to leave 
them but once or twice again. He sent me a letter, desiring to see me. I found 
him on his couch, — feeble, emaciated, expectorating, speaking with difficulty; but 
perfectly cheerful, and much interested in the proposed design of printing a memoir 
of his father in connection with the diary which his father kept when serving under 
Paul Jones on board the Ranger, and which Commodore Preble had then taken in 
hand for publication. He desired to confer with me on the subject. Several 
subsequent calls I made, and, for a time, he appeared to improve ; but the appearance 
was illusive. The change for the better was of short duration. It is not improbable 
that the excitement attending the preparation of the memoir of his father proved too 
great for his years and enfeebled health, which may account, moreover, for deficiencies 
and inaccuracies the reader may detect in the narrative, and they are not a few. 
His system was evidently breaking up ; of which he soon became aware, and began 
to make such dispositions as to his affairs as his feelings prompted, and passed away 
on Sunday, April 25th, last, in the 76th year of his age, and the very month in which 
his memoir of the Private Life and Character of his father appeared in the Register. 

His life had been comparatively uneventful. Having known him from youth, I 
think 1 can say— that he was an upright, sincere, honest and honorable man; — 
without a stain on his reputation, from his youth up ; not ambitious of distinction ; 
firm and decided in his opinions, political and religious ; strong in his domestic 
attachments, and finding his greatest satisfaction in the company of his intimate 
friends, enjoying with them his otium cum dignitate, — and showing the rich treasures 
of Italian art, and especially the many magnificent paintings with which his apart- 
ments were adorned. 

Prepared by the Hon. Charles F. Swift, of Yarmouth Port, Mass. 

Amos Otis, Esq., departed this life, at his home in Yarmouth Port, on the morn- 
ing of October 19, 1875. He was born in Barnstable, Aug. 17, 1801, making his 
age 74 years, 2 months and 2 days. His health had been failing for nearly a year, 
but until two or three weeks past, he attended in some measure to his usual duties. 

Mr. Otis came from that historic Cape Cod stock which has given so many illus- 
trious and useful men to the service of their native county and the state. He was 
himself one of the most remarkable and useful men of his generation, and in some 
reepects it will be difficult, if not impossible, to fill his place. 

Mr. Otis's early life was spent on the farm of his father, Amos Otis. Being of a 
studious turn of mind, he early devoted his leisure to books. He fitted for college 
under the instruction of the late Dr. Danforth P. Wight, but the condition of his 
father's fortune and other causes compelled him to forego his desire for a liberal 
education. 

For more than fifteen years he was engaged in teaching, and was a very successful 
instructor of vouth. 

In May, 1836, he became cashier of the then " Barnstable Bank," at Yarmouth 



1876.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 125 

Port, and continued in that position, as cashier of that institution and its successor, 
the " First National Bank of Yarmouth," for nearly forty years. 

He was also the first secretary and treasurer of the Barnstable County Mutual 
Fire Insurance Co., incorporated in March, 1833, in which office he continued to the 
time of his last sickness. 

Mr. Otis never held political office, the duties of his business professions engross- 
ing the greater part of his active life. He, however, served for several years on the 
school committee of Yarmouth, and was frequently appointed on committees of the 
town, where familiarity with the ancient records and usages were required. 

He was also for several years one of the directors of the Cape Cod Branch Railroad, 
and a trustee of the Yarmouth Public Library at the time of his decease. His 
fidelity and industry in these positions were remarkable. He investigated carefully 
every question presented, and was never satisfied unless he had given to them his 
personal attention and weighed their merits for himself. 

He was a remarkably prolific writer, as well as a diligent student. He con- 
tributed hundreds of columns to the Cape Cod newspapers, upon a great variety of 
subjects, the preponderance being upon practical matters. Our local history he has 
made his study for the last fifty years, and in that department his labors have been 
invaluable. No man living or dead has done so much to elucidate the character, 
motives and acts of the men who settled on Cape Cod, and of their heroic successors ; 
and no one ever had a more just appreciation of their character and achievements. 
He believed in them thoroughly, although not insensible to their faults. His facts 
were largely drawn from original sources, and his studies were pursued with a zeal 
and enthusiasm which were prompted by a thorough love of his subject. He has 
left a vast accumulation of material, which will be invaluable to future investigators 
in this field of study. It had long been his desire to leave a complete history of his 
native town, but other cares and the infirmities of age prevented his accomplishing 
his purpose, beyond a series of sketches of the families of the town, published some 
15 years ago, — articles so full of information and clothed in such an agreeable style 
that our regret is deepened as we read them, that their author should not have com- 
pleted his work. Beside these he has contributed to the various historical periodi- 
cals of the country articles on his favorite subject. 

Mr. Otis has also written much on agriculture, horticulture, arboriculture and 
kindred themes. To his industrious pen the people of Barnstable county are largely 
indebted for the interest first aroused there on the subject of railroad facilities. He 
compiled column upon column of statistics, and never wearied until the steam-whistle 
was heard on Cape Cod. Among his political writings, the n Letters from Skipper 
Jack to my old friend that prints the Yarmouth Register," were immensely popular 
some twenty years ago. 

Mr. Otis was the oldest surviving member of the Fraternal Lodge of Free Masons, 
and was for twenty-one years in early life the Secretary of the Lodge. He was a 
firm believer in the sublime principles of the order, and exemplified oy his life the 
truths of Masonry. During the fierce anti-masonic excitement in this country, he 
never faltered nor disguised his sentiments, and held his position as an officer of the 
Lodge until the storm blew over. He never failed, when it was possible to attend 
the festivals of the order, and always appeared to greatly enjoy these social 
occasions. He was admitted to this Society July 21, 1847. 

Mr. Otis was a man of deep religious feelings. He was for a large portion of his 
life a member of the East Parish (Unitarian) in Barnstable, but of late years became 
deeply interested in the doctrines of the New Jerusalem church, with which he for- 
mally connected himself within a few weeks. But he was no mere sectarian or 
bigot, and attached no undue importance to forms and creeds. 

His liberality and public spirit were marked features of his character, and his 
private charities were numerous and discriminating. He never failed to aid, to the 
best of his abilities, a good cause, nor to help a fellow-man in trouble or distress. 

Mr. Otis married, Aug. 15, 1830, Mary, daughter of Mr. Adino Hinckley, of Barn- 
stable, whom he survived about four and one-half years. He leaves two sons, Henry 
and George. 

Mr. Otis's memory will be kept alive in the hearts of his townsmen, so long as 
the noble elms which border their streets, many of which were planted by his own 
hands, remain to bear witness to his taste, foresight, and public spirit ; and he will 
take his place in that long list of Cape Cod worthies, to the memory of whom he has 
been so tender and just, and whose character he has done so much to rescue from 
oblivion and neglect. 



126 Societies and their Proceedings. [Jan. 

Prepared by John Ward Dean, of Boston. 

Joshua Green, M.D., of Groton, Mass., died June 5, 1875, at the residence of his 
son-in-law, Dr. Charles Y. Swan, in Morristown, N. J., aged 77. He was a son of 
Joshua and Mary (Mosley) Green, and was born in Wendell, Mass., October 8, 1797. 
He was a descendant in the 7th generation from Percival 1 Green, of Cambridge, 
through John, 2 Joseph, 3 Joseph, 4 Joshua, 5 and Joshua, 6 his father. A genealogical 
account of this family in the Register for April, 1861 (xv. 105-9), gives further 
particulars of his ancestors. 

He fitted for college at New Salem, Westfield and Milton academies, and was 
graduated at Harvard College in the class of 1818. He studied medicine with Dr. 
John C. Warren, and, immediately after taking hie medical degree, in 1821, was 
appointed apothecary at the Massachusetts General Hospital, the first year that it 
was opened for the reception of patients. At that time the apothecary, in addition 
to his ordinary duties, performed those of house physician and house surgeon. He 
began the practice of medicine in Sunderland, Mass., in 1823, and remained there 
till 1825, when he removed to Groton. He retired from the active practice of his 
profession forty years ago. 

In 1836 and 1837, he represented the town of Groton in the Massachusetts legis- 
lature. For many years he was a trustee of the Lawrence Academy and secretary or 
president of the board. 

In the summer of 1832 he had an attack of pulmonary hemorrhage, which rendered 
it necessary for him to pass the succeeding winter in Cuba. The trip seemed to re- 
store him to perfect health. For some years before his death he suffered from 
paralysis, from which disease he died. 

He married, Jan. 5, 1824, Eliza Lawrence, daughter of Major Samuel and Susannah 
Lawrence, of Groton. See her obituary, ante xxviii. 486, and tabular pedigree of 
Lawrence, x. 297. They had six children, namely : 1, William Lawrence, d. young; 
2, William Lawrence, merchant, deceased ; 3, Henry Atkinson, merchant, of Boston ; 
4, Samuel Abbott, M.D., city physician of Boston; 5, Elizabeth Lawrence, m. first, 
John Kendall (Dart. Coll. 1853); m. second, Charles Young Swan, M.D. ; 6, Joshua, 
d. young. 

He was admitted to this society as a corresponding member, August 18, 1849. 
He was much interested in antiquarian and genealogical studies, and was a diligent 
collector of books and manuscripts illustrating them. He was a subscriber to the 
.Register from its first publication. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, May 5, 1875. A stated meeting was held at 
the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, at three o'clock this afternoon, the Hon. 
Marshall P. Wilder, the president, in the chair. 

The president announced the death of the Hon. Hampden Cutts, of Brattleboro', 
Vt., vice-president for that state, and appointed the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, J. 
Wingate Thornton and Gen. John S. Tyler, a committee to prepare resolutions. 

The Hon. George Washington Warren, president of the Bunker Hill Monument 
Association, then read a very interesting paper on " The Celebrations of the Seven- 
teenth of June in 1825 and 1843." Thanks were voted to Judge Warren for his 
paper. 

Francis C. Whiston, who was toastmaster at the celebration in 1825, followed with 
reminiscences, and exhibited the masonic apron worn by Lafayette when laying the 
corner-stone of Bunker Hill Monument, and also the remarks of Lafayette and 
Webster at the banquet, in their own autograph, which were presented to Mr. 
Whiston by those illustrious personages. Remarks were also made by the Rev. 
Lucius R. Paige, D.D., the Rev. Samuel Cutler, Frederic Kidder, the Rev. Increase 
N. Tarbox, D.D., Joseph W. Tucker, the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, John P. Payson 
and the Rev. Samuel Lee. 

John W. Dean, the librarian, reported that during the last month 78 volumes, 221 
pamphlets, 118 manuscripts, and several other articles had been presented to the 



1876.] Societies and their Proceedings, 127 

society. Special mention was made of the donations of John S. H. Fogg, M.D., of 
South Boston, the Hon. Joseph W. Porter of Burlington, Maine, the Rev. Richard 
S. Edes of Bolton, Mass., the Vermont State Library, Henry A. Page of Boston, 
Benjamin S. Ewell, LL.D., of Williamsburg, Va., Lewis Rice of Boston, Joseph 
W. Tucker of Boston, and a lady aged 84 years who did not give her name. 

The Rev. Samuel Cutler, the historiographer, read a biographical sketch of Thomas 
Waterman, prepared by William B. Trask. 

The president announced the erection, since the last meeting, of an elegant memo- 
rial tablet in the vestibule of the society's house, the gift of the talented American 
sculptor, Martin Milmore, a member of the society, now residing in Rome, Italy. 

June 2. — The monthly meeting was held this afternoon, president Wilder in the 
chair. 

The Rev. Charles C. Beaman, of Cambridge, read an interesting paper on "The 
Burnt District of Boston as it was Sixty Years Ago." 

After remarks and reminiscences by William M. Cornell, M.D., William II. 
Montague, the Rev. Lucius R. Eastman, Samuel G. Drake, Frederic Kidder, Isaac 
Child, the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., Benjamin B. Davis, Joseph W. Tucker, the Hon. 
George C. Richardson and the president, thanks were voted to the Rev. Mr. Beaman. 

The librarian reported 78 volumes, 187 pamphlets, 177 manuscripts and various 
other articles as donations during the past month. Special mention was made of the 
donations of Mrs. Grace Le Baron (Locke) Upham of Boston, Commodore Preble, 
U. S. N., of Philadelphia, the Rev. C. D. Bradlee of Boston, William B. Lapham, 
M.D., of Augusta, Me., Miss Eliza S. Quincy of Boston, the Rev. Lucius R. Paige 
of Cambridgeport, David M. Balfour of Charlestown, the Hon. Richard A. Wheeler 
of Stonington, Ct., Nahum Capen of Dorchester, Abner C. Goodell, Jr., of Salem, 
and Samuel Adams Drake of Boston. 

The corresponding secretary reported letters accepting membership from the Hon. 
John Boyd of West Winsted, Ct., Howland Holmes, M.D., of Lexington, the Rev. 
Charles L. Hutchins of Medford, William B. Durant of Boston, William L. Weston 
of Danvers, and Francis S. Drake of Boston. The corresponding secretary then 
read a letter from Brevet Major General Henry W. Benham, U. S. A., accompanying 
press copies of his manuscript narrative or report of events that he knew of in a 
portion of the campaigns where he had commands in the recent War of the Rebellion. 
He also read an invitation extended to the society from the executive committee of 
the Bunker Hill Monument Association to attend on the 17th inst. the commemora- 
tive services of the one hundredth anniversary of the Battle of Bunker Hill, and 
offered the following resolutions, which, after brief remarks by several of the 
members, were unanimously adopted : 

Resolved, That the thanks of the society be tendered to the Bunker Hill Monument 
Association for their invitation to participate with them in the celebration of the 
First Centennial Anniversary of the Battle of Bunker Hill, and that the same be 
cordially accepted. 

Resolved, That the following-named gentlemen be a committee to make such 
arrangements as they may deem expedient : The president, Hon. Marshall P. Wilder ; 
the vice-president, Hon. George C. Richardson; Charles 0. Whitmore, John Cum- 
mings, and the Hon. Thomas C. Amory. 

The Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., in behalf of the committee appointed at a 
previous meeting, offered the following resolutions, which were adopted, viz. : 

Resolved, That in the death of Hon. William A. Buckingham, LL.D., vice-presi- 
dent of this society for the State of Connecticut,* we have lost one of our most 
worthy and honored officers. A native of Lebanon, Conn., the same town that in the 
last century gave Governor Jonathan Trumbull to the State and to the country for 
eminent public services during the war of the revolution, by a singular course of 
providence, Governor Buckingham was able to perform something like the same 
eminent service for his State and country during the recent War of the Rebellion. 
As governor of Connecticut for eight consecutive years, from 1858 to 1866, as 
senator of the United States until his death, as a man widely known in the world of 
business, as one holding many important trusts both in civil and ecclesiastical connec- 
tions, as the generous promoter of all good causes by munificent gifts and charities,, 
it is seldom that a man passes away who leaves behind a nobler record in Church and 
State than that of William Alfred Buckingham. 

* A memoir of Gov. Buckingham is printed in this number of the Register, pp. 9 to 15. 



128 Societies and their Proceedings. [Jan. 

Resolved, That this testimony of our respect and love be transmitted to his family, 
with whom we deeply sympathize in their bereavement. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, chairman of the committee appointed for the purpose, 
offered the following resolutions, which were adopted: 

Resolved, That we hereby place upon record the profound sense of our loss in the 
death of the Hon. Hampden Cutts, A.M., a vice-president of the society for the State 
of Vermont, whose career as a public lecturer, a sound lawyer and graceful advocate, 
an able and impartial Judge, an accomplished student of English literature and of 
New-England history, whose warm heart and genial manners added grace to his 
dignified bearing, commands our cordial and sincere respect. 

Resolved, That we tender to the family of our late esteemed associate our hearty 
sympathy in their great bereavement, and that the recording secretary be requested 
to inform them of the action of the Society, and to transmit to them a copy of these 
resolutions. 

The Rev. Samuel Cutler, the historiographer, read biographical sketches of the 
following deceased members, namely: the Hon. Hampden Cutts, of Brattleboro', Vt.; 
the Hon. Albert Fearing, of Hingham ; and Francis Bush, Jr., of Boston. 

Thanks were voted to Gen. Benham and the several donors mentioned by the 
librarian. 

The Hon. Hiland Hall, LL.D., of North Bennington, Vt., was unanimously chosen 
vice-president of the society for that state, in place of the Hon. Hampden Cutts, 
deceased. 

September 1. — The society met, for the first time after the summer recess, this 
afternoon at three o'clock, president Wilder in the chair. 

The president announced the death, since the last meeting of the society, of two of 
the three 1 surviving ex-presidents of the society, namely, Samuel Gardner Drake, 
A.M., one of the founders of the society and president in 1858, who died June 14 
in his 77th year, and Winslow Lewis, M.D., president from 1861 to 1866, who died 
August 3, aged 76. In accordance with a custom of the society, he had appointed 
committees to prepare resolutions of respect to their memory, the committee on Mr. 
Drake being Frederic Kidder, William B. Trask and John A. Lewis, and that on 
Dr. Lewis being the Hon. Charles L. Woodbury, Col. Almon D. Hodges and the 
Rev. C. D. Bradlee. 

Reference was also made to the deaths of other prominent members of the society. 

Frederic Kidder and the Hon. Charles L. Woodbury, chairmen of the committees 
appointed to prepare resolutions on the deaths of Mr. Drake and Dr. Lewis, made 
their reports, and in order to give several persons who were necessarily absent an 
opportunity to speak upon the subject, on motion of the Rev. Dr. Clarke, the 
resolutions were laid on the table till the October meeting, which was to be regarded 
as a memorial day. 

Edward Rupert Humphreys, LL.D., of Boston, read a valuable and instructive 
paper entitled " Lessons from the Words and Works of Oxford Worthies," it being 
supplementary to that read at the February meeting. Thanks were voted to Dr. 
Humphreys for his paper. 

The librarian reported 141 volumes, 328 pamphlets, and various other articles as 
donations during the last month. Special mention was made of the donations of 
George H. Moore, LL.D., Mrs. John K. Wiggin, Commodore Preble, U. S. N., 
Jehiel C. Hart of Plainville, Ct., Mrs. Harriet A. de Salis of London, Eng., John B. 
Newcomb of Elgin, 111., Mrs. Caroline H. Dall, the Hon. James D. Green of 
Cambridge, Isaac C Bates of Paris, France, the Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D., of 
Crawfordsville, Ind., Cortlandt Parker of Newark, N. J., James S. Buck of 
Milwaukee, Wis., and Benjamin B. Davis of Brookline. 

Thanks were voted to the several donors, and particularly to George H. Moore, 
LL.D., of New York, for his donation — a set of the Journals of the House of 
Lords, 1509 to 1764, thirty folio volumes, and the Journal of the House of Commons 
sixty-six volumes, and six volumes of Parliamentary Reports. 

The president, as chairman of the committee on participating in the Centennial 
Celebration of the Battle of Bunker Hill, on the 17th of last June, reported that a 
delegation of twenty-six members [ante, xxix. 490] joined the procession in carriages 
and listened to the oration at Bunker Hill. He also, in behalf of several of those 
members, presented to the society the banner painted for that occasion and borne in 
the procession. 

1 Col. Almon D. Hodges, president in 1859 and 1860, is now the only surviving ex- 
president. 



1876.] Societies and their Proceedings, 12$ 

The Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 1875.— A quarterly meeting was held this evening 
at the cabinet on Waterman street, the Hon. Zachariah Allen, LLjD., vice-president, 
in the chair. 

The librarian, the Rev. Edwin M. Stone, reported numerous and valuable donations. 
Henry L. Greene of Riverpoint, Warwick, R.I., read an instructive paper on 
44 The Original Settlers of Warwick." 

Marcus D. Oilman, of Montpelier, Vt., secretary of the Vermont Historical 
Society, made an interesting statement of the condition and prospects of that society. 
Nov. 9.— A meeting was held this evening, vice-president Allen in the chair. _ 
The librarian read a very interesting paper on " The Life and Revolutionary Services 
of Lieut-Col. Samuel Ward," prepared by Col. John Ward of New York. Samuel 
Ward was a son of Gov. Samuel and Mrs, Anne (Ray) Ward, and was born m 
Westerly, R. I., Nov. 17, 1756, graduated at Rhode Island College, now Brown 
University, in 1771, and served in the Revolutionary army, attaining the rank oi 
lieutenant colonel. In 1781, he retired from the army and engaged in business as a 
merchant in Warwick. He became a member of the society of the Cincinnati in 
1784. He made several voyages abroad, and died in the city of New York, Aug. 16, 
1832. He was a ripe classical scholar, and a gentleman of winning urbanity of 
manner and of unblemished honor. 

Nov. 23. — A meeting was held this evening, the Hon. Samuel G. Arnold, the 
president, in the chair. 

Prof. J. Lewis Diman, D.D., of Brown University, read a paper xm " Religious 
Progress in America during the Last Century." 

Remarks on the subject were made by the. Hon. Zachariah AU"3n and President 
Arnold. 

An invitation was read and accepted fro'm the Rhode Island Soldiers' and Saik,r&^ 
Historical Society, to attend a meeting Dec. 1st to hear a pupr ;l - from Col. J . AU^rt; 
Monroe on u The Rhode Island Artillery at Bull Run." 

Nov. 30.— A meeting was held this evening, President Arnold in the chair.. 
The Hon. Henry B. Anthony read a paper entitled, " R eminiscences of the Thirty- 
Sixth Congress." This congress, tb/e last before the war and the last in the adminis- 
tration of President Buchanan, was. the first in which Ivlr. Anthony served as United 
States senator. 

TfflE NeW-Lo"nc€*n County Historical Society. 

New-London, Ct„ Thursday^, Dec. 2, 1875. — The annual meeting was held this 
^day in the City-HaU Building, the president, Hon. Lafayette S. Foster, in the chair. 
The Hon. William H. Potter, of Mystic River, Ct., chairman of a committee pre- 
viously appointed to report on the true sice of the old Pequot fort, presented a writ- 
ten report, in which the committee unanimously agree, fixing tho site and giving 
satisfactory reasons for the same. A committee, consisting of the Hon. William H. 
Potter, the Hon. Richard A. Wheeler, and Daniel Lee, was appointed to examine 
plans and models for a suitable monument to be placed upon the site of that fort as 
a memorial of one of the most decisive events in the history of Connecticut. 

The annual election of officers then took place, and the following gentlemen were 
■■elected to the respective offices, namely : 

President. — Lafayette S. Poster. 

Vice-Presidents. — Charles J. McCurdy, Ashbel Woodward, F. B. Loomis. 

Advisery Committee. — Thomas P. Field, Hiram P. Arms, Henry P. Haven, 
"William H. Potter, John T. Wait, Thomas L. Shipman, Ralph Wheeler, Richard A. 
"Wheeier. J. P. C. Mather, David A.Wells, Joseph G. Lamb, John W. Crary, 
<George W. Goddard, Henry I. Gallup, James Griswold, Ledyard Bill, Daniel Lee. 

Secretary. — William H. Starr. 

Treasurer. — William H. Rowe. 

Judge Foster, the president, made some remarks on the life of the Hon. George 
Pratt, of Norwich, a former member of the board of directors, lately deceased, and 
offered resolutions of respect to his memory which were unanimously adopted. 

The meeting then adjourned to the First Congregational conference house, where 
the Rev. E. B. Huntington,. of South Coventry, Ct., read a paper on " Lieut. Thomas 
Lemngwell, a prominent Pioneer in the Settlement of New- London County." 

VOL. XXX. 11 



130 Boole-Notices, [Jan. 

Remarks by the Rev. Dr. Field and the Hon. David A. Wells followed, after which 
thanks were voted to the Rev. Mr. Huntington. 

After adjournment, the members, by invitation of the Hon. Henry P. Haven, 
partook of a bountiful collation at the Crocker House, and after dinner repaired in 
a body to the society's new rooms in the National Union Bank building, and expressed 
approbation of their improved accommodations. 

The Historical Society of Delaware. 

Wilmington, Dec. 7, 1875. — The literary annual meeting of this Society was held 
this evening at its rooms in the Masonic Temple, the president, th'e Hon. D. M. 
Bates, in the chair. 

Joseph R. Walter, the secretary, read the necrology of the year, briefly sketch- 
ing the lives of eight deceased members, viz., the Hon. Willard Hall, Ziba Ferris, 
the Hon. John M. Read of Philadelphia, John Stockton Littell of Philadelphia, 
Samuel G. Drake of Boston, James C. Douglass, Samuel Wollaston and Samuel 
Can by. 

The Hon. Isaac D. Jones then read a paper entitled "An Historical Sketch of 
Delaware in connection with Maryland, Virginia, New- Jersey, and Pennsylvania, 
in Colonial Times, under Royal and other Grants." As one of the Maryland Com- 
missioners to settle the boundary dispute with Virginia, Mr. Jones has familiarized 
himself with the early history of the colonies, and his paper was as exhaustive as it 
could well be made. It will be printed, we understand, in connection with Mr. 
Jones's argument in the boundary-line case. Thanks were voted for the paper. 

Mayor YVhiteley, of Wilmington, in behalf of Gen. R. H. Kirkwood Whiteley, who 
was present, presented to the Society some relics of Gen. Whiteley's grandfather, 
Capt. Robert Kirkwood, who was killed at St. Clair's Defeat, in 1791, consisting of 
the sash he wore the day on which he was killed, and his journals of the Northern 
and Southern campaigns. In presenting these donations, the mayor briefly recalled 
the leading facts in Capt. Kirkwood 's military service. Thanks were voted for the 
donations. 



BOOK-NOTICES. 



An Inquiry into the Authenticity of Documents concerning a Discovery in 
North America claimed to have been made by Verrazzano. Read before 
the New- York Historical Society, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 1864. By Bucking- 
ham Smith. With a Map. New-York : Printed by John F. Trow, 
1864. [8vo. pp. 31. 250 copies printed.] 

Verrazano the Navigator, or Notes on Giovanni da Varrazano, and on a 
Planisphere of 1529, illustrating his American Voyage in 1524. With a 
reduced copy of the Map. A Paper read before the American Geographi- 
cal Society of New- York, Nov. 28. 1871. With a Map. By J. C. Bre- 
voort, a Member of the Society. New- York, 1874. [8vo. pp. 159. 
250 copies printed.] 

The Voyage of Verrazzano : A Chapter in the Early History of Maritime 
Discovery in America. With five Maps. By Henry C. Murphy. New- 
York, 1875. [8vo. pp. 198.] 

These tracts, under somewhat varying titles, all relate to the same subject, and 
treat of the genuineness and authenticity of the narrative of an alleged voyage made 
upon the American coast by Verrazzano, a Florentine navigator under the authority 
and patronage of the king of France, in 1524. The narrative in question was first 
printed in Italian in a collection of voyages by Giovanni Ramusio in 1556, and Ver- 
razzano himself is the reputed author. There is also a manuscript copy of the nar- 
rative, differing from it in language and matter, but of the same general tenor, pre- 



1876.] Boole-Notices. 131 

served in the Magliabechian library in Florence. As this copy is fuller than that 
printed by Ramusio, it is supposed that the latter is a version made from this with 
liberal changes and revisions. Both copies are in the form of a letter addressed by 
Verrazzano to Francis I., and describe a voyage to America, making his landfall on 
the shores of the Carolinas, and sailing along the whole northern coast of the Unit- 
ed States and a part of the British provinces, describing with more or less minute- 
ness the character of the country, the appearance of the native inhabitants, their 
manners and customs, with the products of the soil. For more than three hundred 
years this letter has been regarded as genuine and its statements as authentic, and 
consequently has been incorporated into all the histories relating to the discoveries 
on our Atlantic coast. 

The late Mr. Buckingham Smith discovered, in the archives of Spain and Portu- 
gal, certain documents which led him to entertain grave doubts as to the authenti- 
city of the Verrazzano narrative, and the reasons of his doubts are briefly stated in 
his paper, the title of which we have given above. It is proper to state that Mr. 
Smith afterward obtained additional documents in Spain, which he intended to pub- 
lish in farther elucidation and confirmation of his views, but his death intervened 
and the work was never accomplished. 

Mr. Brevoort gives us in his paper a memoir of Verrazzano, with some account of 
his family, his career as a corsair, his alleged voyage to America and his occupa- 
tions afterward. He furnishes translations of the most important passages of the 
Verrazzano letter, with explanations and illustrations of their meaning. He be- 
lieves in the genuineness of the voyage to America, and displays much learning, 
ingenuity and skill in disposing of the contradictions and inconsistencies of the 
narrative and the circumstances attending its publication. 

Mr. Murphy, in a more elaborate discussion of the subject, denies the genuine- 
ness of the letter and the truth of its statements. He believes it to be a fabrication, 
introduced by Ramusio into his collection without proper scrutiny, and with an 
entire misapprehension of its origin and character. Mr. Murphy has in preparation 
a work on the earliest explorations of the coast which have led to the settlement of 
the United State by Europeans. He comes, therefore, to this discussion with a 
broad and thorough knowledge of the whole field of history in any way connected 
with the period of the alleged Verrazzano voyage. We know of no one better qual- 
ified to conduct this interesting investigation. His style is at once simple, clear 
and direct. His facts are well marshalled, and his logic is irresistible. It would 
be quite impossible in the space which we can give to this subject, to present Mr. 
Murphy's views in detail or with any degree of fulness. For a thorough examina- 
tion of the whole subject we must refer the student of our early history to the work 
itself. It must suffice for our present purpose to state a few of the leading objec- 
tions, which may be urged against the genuineness and authenticity of the Verraz- 
zano narrative. 

We may remark in the outset that there is no evidence that the original letter, 
alleged to have been addressed by Verrazzano in 1524 to Francis I., ever existed. 
This letter purports to have been an official document, a report made by a servant of 
the government relating to a great and successful enterprise, undertaken by com- 
mand of the king for the emolument and glory of France. If the voyage had been 
a failure, the letter might have been treated with neglect. But it was eminently 
successful. It added by discovery to the domain of France a territory stretching 
from the Carolinas to the British provinces, including the bulk of the present soil 
of the United States. It is incredible that a prince of the ability and enterprise of 
Francis I. should have allowed a document describing such a discovery to be forgot- 
ten or lost : a discovery the glory of which in all coming time was to be attributed 
to the sagacity and energy of the king himself. Not only the original document 
has not been known to be at any time in the archives of France, but it was never 
alluded to by the king himself or by hia council ; nor is there a word or syllable in 
the history of France, covering that period, recognizing this letter or alluding to it 
in the remotest manner. 

But there is no evidence, in the history of the time, that the alleged voyage to 
which the letter refers ever took place. The letter claims that the Dauphine, the 
ship in which the voyage was made, manned with fifty men, had returned to Dieppe 
on the 8th July, 1524. The news, which the fifty men composing the expedition 
brought home of the discovery of a vast territory on the American coast, must have 
made a profound sensation in the maritime town of Dieppe. The principal officers 
of the expedition could not have been indifferent or silent touching the honor of the 



132 Boole-Notices. [Jan. 

discovery, which they in some sense shared with Verrazzano himself. It was a sub- 
ject in which every intelligent, prominent or patriotic man in France was personally 
interested. It must have been the theme of conversation and correspondence in 
every* part of the kingdom. If such a voyage had taken place, it would have been 
proclaimed officially by the king as an event gratifying to every subject in the king- 
dom, and important to be widely known, that all other nations might understand 
that the territory discovered by Verazzano under his authority henceforth belonged 
to the sovereignty of France. There was every reason for proclaiming the result of 
the voyage to the world, and no motive whatever for holding it in silence. But not 
one of the fifty men alleged to have been engaged in the expedition, either by letter 
or report, public or private, left a syllable behind him to show that he was in any 
way connected with this great achievement. Francis I. issued no instrument, pa- 
tent or charter authorizing the voyage, he made no announcement of it to his min- 
isters or to the councils of the nation, he sent out no expedition, or even projected 
one, for the purpose of following up or securing the great advantages which such 
a discovery would have conferred upon France. The history of France, covering 
the whole period from 1524 to 1556, when the letter was published by Ramusio, is 
utterly silent as to this voyage of discovery by Verrazzano. But if this voyage and 
discovery were actually made, why were Cartier and Roberval sent out by the same 
sovereign, Francis I., to discover lands in the colder and more sterile north, when 
he already possessed, by his recent discovery, a vast empire in the more productive 
and genial regions of the south ? The commissions under which Cartier and Ro- 
berval sailed, and the report brought back by Cartier, make no allusion or reference 
whatever to a previous and successful voyage to the same coast, made a few years 
before by Verrazzano, under the same sovereign and for the similar purpose of ex- 
tending his dominion and aggrandizing France. 

The map of the world, entitled Mappe monde peinte sur parchemin par ordre de 
Henry II., roi de France, issued between 1543 and 1547, does not indicate that the 
author of it had any knowledge of the voyage of Verrazzano, and yet this author 
was a Frenchman, living at the time of Francis I. and at the period when the alleg- 
ed voyage was made, whose business it was to be thoroughly informed, and who 
therefore could not have failed to know of all discoveries made by his own nation, 
and, as it were, under his own observation, on the American coast. 
_ It is quite impossible, on any rational theory, to account for these singular omis- 
sions, if these discoveries of Verrazzano were actually made. 

But the letter. or narrative of the voyage itself contains internal evidence against 
its authenticity. 

Agreeably to the statement of the letter, Verrazzano sailed only in the day time, 
and with great watchfulness, but nevertheless did not not find any harbor into which 
he could enter, for the distance of eight hundred miles, viz., from the coast of the 
Carolinas to the mouth of the Hudson river. Such a statement as this is incredible. 
To say nothing of the less important ones, to admit that he could not find the mag- 
nificent harbor of Chesapeake Bay is tantamount to an acknowledgment that he 
was never on that part of the coast at all. 

The letter informs us that on the coast of North Carolina, early in the month of 
April, they repeatedly tasted the native grapes and found them sweet and pleasant. 
It is to be observed that the grape in that latitude does not flower before May, and 
does not ripen before July. This statement must therefore be regarded as utterly 
false, unless we accept the theory, which has not been advanced, that they were 
cultivated by the savages in green-houses and by artificial heat. 

In the manuscript letter, the complexion of the Indians in North Carolina is said 
to be " black, not much different from Ethiopians." There has never been any 
conflict of testimony as to the color of the natives on the Atlantic coast. They 
were of a tawny or yellowish brown color, and by no misapprehension could they 
be described as black like Ethiopians. Ramusio, in his printed version, changes 
the words so that they read " brownish, not much unlike Saracens," but this only 
renders the fabrication more apparent, and plainly shows that he regarded the ori- 
ginal representation as obviously untrue, and that it required revision. 

The omissions of the letter are very remarkable, if it was written by an eye- 
witness and founded in truth. Some of the most striking and characteristic arti- 
cles in use among the Indians are not mentioned. Wampum was used by them for 
the two-fold purpose of an ornament of dress and a medium of exchange. The 
use of tobacco and the pipe was universal. The pipe which they offered to the 
stranger was their token of friendship and hospitality. Neither of these are allud- 



1876.] Book-Notices. 133 

ed to in any form. But the most remarkable omission of all is the bark canoe. This 
was peculiar to northern tribes, and was perhaps the most extraordinary and inter- 
esting of all the Indian fabrications. For lightness and speed it was unsurpassed 
by anything of the sort then known in Europe. Hundreds of them must have* been 
seen in the great bay where Verrazzano is alleged to have spent fifteen days. The 
grace of its movement and the beauty of its form must have attracted the attention 
and admiration of all European visitors. As he does not mention it, we cannot be- 
lieve that he had ever seen it, or been on the coast where it was in universal use. 

After leaving what may have been Hudson's river, the writer says, "we sailed 
eighty leagues towards the east, as the coast stretched in that direction, and always 
in sight of it." At this distance he passed by an island ten leagues from the main 
land, and of the size of the island of Rhodes, or nearly three times as large as Mar- 
tha's Vineyard, which is the largest island on the coast, and not three leagues from 
the main land. As there is no island in this region of the size and position of the 
one described, or even approximating to it, it is obvious that the whole story of the 
island is a pure fiction. Fifteen leagues distant from this fictitious island he finds a 
commodious harbor, where he spends fifteen days, and then proceeding still in an 
easterly course, he sailed a hundred and fifty leagues further, always keeping the 
land in sight. It is too obvious to need any comment, that if he sailed two hun- 
dred and forty-five leagues in an easterly direction from the Hudson river or New- 
York harbor, as he declares he did, he must have lost sight of land off Cape Cod, 
and would not have seen it again till he had reached the shores of Nova Scotia. It 
is plainly obvious that to keep in sight of land, it would have been necessary for 
him to turn to the west at Cape Cod, and coast along the great bay that stretches 
from that point to Cape Sable. 

Mr. Murphy shows, on the evidence of Peter Martyr, that at the time Verrazzano 
is alleged to have returned from his voyage of discovery on the coast of America, 
on the 8th of July, 1524, he was actually engaged in an expedition as a corsair, 
and that he had just captured a Portuguese ship returning from India with a large 
and valuable cargo. It will be necessary to concede that he was endowed with 
ubiquity, or else to deny one of the statements of his whereabouts at that time. 
Under all the circumstances it is not difficult to determine which horn of the dilem- 
ma to accept. 

These are some of the very many irreconcilable difficulties in the way of receiv- 
ing the Verrazzano narrative as genuine and authentic. 

Several other interesting matters are discussed by Mr. Murphy, such as the dis- 
course of the Dieppe captain referred to by some writers in support of the claims of 
Verrazzano, and the map supposed to have been constructed by Verrazzano's brother. 

It is Mr. Murphy's belief that the fictitious narrative of this expedition is founded 
on the voyage of Gomez, made in 1525, touching our coast at the Carolinas and 
continuing northwardly as far as Cape Breton. The treatment of this part of the 
subject is interesting and curious, and will repay a careful perusal. The motive for 
perpetrating this fraud upon the world is referred by Mr. Murphy to the ambition 
and pride of Florence. All the evidence in favor of the story is traceable to Flo- 
rence. But there is no reason to believe that Verrazzano himself was in any way 
accessory to the imposture. The discussion closes with some account of the adven- 
turous life and ignominious death of Verrazzano, the latter resting upon documents 
of undoubted authority introduced into the appendix of the volume. 

The conclusion to which this discussion leads us we confess is not agreeable. It 
is painful to see any monument of the past defaced or broken down. It is painful 
to know that what has stood, as a central fact for more than three hundred years, 
must be withdrawn from the sum of our history. This narrative does not stand 
alone. It has diffused itself and entered into our historical associations. It has 
tinged our estimates, colored our philosophy and shaped our deductions. It must 
remain, moreover, in the web into which it has been woven. And it will, therefore, 
henceforth be the embarrassing duty of the student and reader of the earliest chap- 
ter of our history, to draw a black line over all that has been taken, directly or in- 
directly, from the voyage of Verrazzano. 






Com. by the Rev. Edmund F. Slqfter. 



VOL. xxx. tl* 



134 Boole-Notices. [Jan. 

History of the State of Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations. From 
the Settlement of the State, 1636, to the Adoption of the Federal Constitu- 
tion, 1790. By Samuel Greene Arnold. In two volumes. Second 
Edition. New- York: D. Appleton & Company, 549 and 551 Broadway. 
London: 16 Little Britain. 1874. [8vo. pp. xi. and 574; iv. and 592. 
A. Williams & Co., Boston.] 

The first edition of this work appeared in 1860, and, as the first elaborate history 
of Rhode-Island, it attracted the notice of those historical students who were not 
engrossed by the exciting public events which in the next ensuing year, and for sev- 
eral years thereafter, naturally engaged the public attention. Since the close of 
the civil war the work has received more general and more careful notice ; and it is 
but simple justice to say that it has steadily grown in repute. Hence we are not 
surprised to learn that a new edition has been issued to meet the demands of an en- 
larged circle of readers and students. 

In respect to the materials made use of by the author, it may be sufficient to say 
that he has had the benefit, whatever that may have been, of the previous attempts 
to write the history of the State : by Callender in 1739 ; by Hopkins in 1762; by the 
Hon. Theodore Foster, and by Henry Bull, at a later date ; and the benefit, also, 
of the historical writings, journals, society collections, and memoirs that have ap- 
peared from the first settlement of Rhode-Island to the present time bearing upon 
his subject. In addition to these, he has had access to original sources of informa- 
tion, not open to any of his predecessors and only within a few years available to 
his contemporaries, — the records and documents in the State Paper Offices in London 
and Paris, and at the Hague. Indeed, it is only after a careful study and honest use 
of these materials that anything like a complete and candid history of New-England 
can be written. It is from these sources that the most important data have been 
drawn upon which our later and most creditable histories are based. What has 
already come to light has greatly modified the opinions and conclusions of his- 
torical students. To such an extent has this enlightenment and modification gone, 
even upon the partial opening of the public archives referred to, that it may well be be- 
lieved that in some important particulars our present histories are only provisional. 

In regard to the manner in which the author has dealt with some of those sub- 
jects upon which our historians have most widely differed, — the character of Roger 
Williams, and his controversies with ecclesiastical and civil authority in Massachu- 
setts, and the many points upon which in the later history of the two colonies dif- 
ferences more or less grave took their rise, — it must be conceded that the author 
exhibits great research, and a disposition to impartial judgment. 

There are prejudices and biases, inheritable and inherited, as strong as any which 
we style theological, religious, or political, — local prejudices and biases, inherited 
from antagonistic communities. Of these we see no evidence in this work. 

A. H. Hoyt. 

The History of Democracy : or, Political Progress, historically illustrated, 
from the earliest to the latest periods. By Nahum Capen, LL.D., author 
of " The Republic of the United States of America ; its Duties to itself, 
and its responsible Relations to other Countries," &c. &c. With Portraits 
of Distinguished Men. Vol. I. Hartford : American Publishing Com- 
pany. 1874. [Royal 8vo. pp. xix. and 677.J 

This " History of Democracy " is not the history of the democratic party as such ; 
nor is it written in the interest of any party, in any country, in any age, except it 
be in the interest of that minority in all civilized countries, — sometimes large and 
influential, sometimes small and feeble, — which, now honestly and soberly, at other 
times as honestly but tumultuously, struggles for civil and religious freedom. Our 
reading does not furnish us with satisfactory evidence that a pure " democracy," as 
a form of civil government, has ever been successfully administered by a numerous 
population occupying a country which reaches through different zones, and devoted 
to occupations and interests more or less antagonistic or competitive. For a small, 
compact population, — homogeneous in origin, in religion, and in the pursuits of 
life, — the case may be different ; although the experiment has yet to be tried upon a 
scale sufficiently large to warrant absolute affirmation in its favor. 



1876.] 



Book-Notices. 135 



The author evidently means the " history of civil and religious liberty," for they 
cannot be; separated ; "liberty" in its highest, fullest, and best sense, without 
regard to forms of government. The theme is as vast as it is noble and inspiring. 
Its full and accurate study is the study of history in its largest scope and minutest 
detail ; for (in the eloquent language of the author) , it " comprehends all the great 
intents of the world. It embraces thought, labor, inventive genius and skill, — 
industry, in its beneficent rewards and necessities; commerce, in its enlarging 
enterprise and influences ; science, with its keen and patient discernments of the 
natural laws ; the arts, in their beautifying refinements ; society and nations, under 
the conditions of success or failure, peace or war ; government, with its collective 
-power and authorized agencies ; the theories of human agency, the unnumbered ways 
and methods of doing the same things, — which are the perpetual sources of inquiry, 
discussion, experiment and action. The record of this vast activity, of its meaning 
and uses, is history. Every subject in its simple elements has its basis in principle, 
and its record in progress. In all this diversity, truth demonstrates harmony." 
These sentences give the key to the plan, scope and purpose of this "History of 
Democracy,"— the record of the progressing development of the ideas and princi- 
ples which shall culminate eventually in a wise, just and enlightened government of 
" the people, by the people, and for the people." 

The author traces the progress of these principles from the earliest times. The 
work shows vast reading and research, and that the writer has a rare faculty of 
analysis and discrimination. He is never misled by appearances or professions: 
everything is tested by the issue. 

One might, perhaps, expect that a work of this kind would be dull and weari- 
some ; on the contrary, the author's language glows with a subdued enthusiasm 
that carries the reader along with him without abatement of interest. It is a 
philosophic production, highly creditable to the scholarship of the country. 

In saying this we do not forget that the author alone is responsible for his conclu- 
sions ; and that his greatest service to us must be, and is, in bringing together an 
array of facts and instances sufficiently comprehensive to accurately illustrate the 
development of the forces operating in the direction of man's elevation. 

The volume is handsomely printed, and is illustrated with fourteen portraits of 
men distinguished for their labor in behalf of liberty. a. h. h. 

The Freeman Genealogy, in three Parts, viz.: I, Memorials of Edmund 
Freeman of Sandwich, and his Descendants ; II. Memorial of Samuel 
Freeman of Watertown, and his Descendants ; III. Notes, Historical and 
Genealogical, of Families of the Name of Freeman, distinct from Parts 
I. and II., or whose connection is not clearly ascertained. "An old man 
was seated upon a monument, and busily employed in deepening with his 

chisel the letters of the inscription Motives of the most sincere 

though fanciful devotion induced him to dedicate years to perform this 
tribute to the memory of the deceased. He considered himself as ful- 
filling a sacred duty, while renewing to the eyes of posterity the decaying 
emblems of their forefathers." — Sir Walter Scott's mention of a " stroll" 
into a deserted " burial ground." Private. Boston. 1875. 

Of this the first part is before us. The title-page tells the story of its contents, 
but Old Mortality's devotion was hardly on a level with that of the venerable 
Frederick Freeman, whose " History of Cape Cod" is itself a monument of filial 
reverence, conscientious toil, and admirable narrative. The reverential son of Dr. 
Nathaniel Freeman, the compeer of Otis and Warren, and Samuel Adams, in the 
assertion and vindication of our national independence, and trained in that school, 
Mr. Freeman was the fit man to be the historian of that land of sturdy patriots. 

Mr. Edmond Freeman, his progenitor, was primus inter pares by position, energy 
and sagacity. He is rightly called the founder of Sandwich, the first successful 
attempt at the settlement of the cape. His brother-in-law, John Beauchamp, was 
a merchant "adventurer" in the Plymouth colony, and, of course, we find him a 
strong parliamentarian in 1642, " merchant of London " in the Amsterdam trade. 
— Husband's Coll., 1642, p. 343. Another brother, William Coddington, one of Mr. 
Cotton's parishioners at Boston in Lincolnshire, was one of the " antinomian " 



136 Boole-Notices* [Jan. 

victims, and so, one of the purchasers of Rhode Island, and its governor. His 
daughter Alice was the wife of the colonial treasurer of Plymouth colony, Mr. 
William Paddy, a merchant of large estate, influence and usefulness. This singu- 
lar surname was borne by an eminent contemporary physician, Sir William Paddy, 
whose picture was in the library of the College of Physicians. — Evelyn's Diary, i. 
369. A son Edmond married Rebecca, daughter of Gov. Thomas Prence and grand- 
daughter of Elder Wm. Brewster. A favorite daughter, Elizabeth, married John 
Ellis of Sandwich, who was probably of the family of John Ellis of Robinson's 
congregation at Leyden. — Hist. Mag., 1859, 359 — 363. 

Mr. Freeman makes his arrangement and reference by Italic and Roman numerals, 
one of the best plans yet devised for genealogical statement. The paper, type and • 
impression are all that could be desired. 

Communicated by J. Wingate Thornton, Esq. 

New History of the Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775, its Purpose, 
Conduct and Result. By William W. Wheildon. Reprinted from 
"The Boston Daily Herald," Revised and Enlarged. Second Edition. 
Boston : Lee & Sheppard. New York : Lee, Sheppard & Dillingham. 
1875. [8vo. pp. 56.] 

Bunker Hill : the Story told in Letters from the Battle Field by British 
Officers engaged. With an Introduction and Sketch of the Battle. By 
Samuel Adams Drake, Author of " Old Landmarks of Boston," 
" Historic Fields and Mansions of Middlesex," " Nooks and Corners of 
the New-England Coast," &c. Boston : Nichols & Hall. 1875. [8vo. 
pp. 76.] 

General Israel Putnam the Commander at Bunker Hill. By Samuel 
Adams Drake. [To accompany Drake's " Bunker Hill."] Nichols & 
Hall. Boston. 1875. [8vo. pp. 24.] 

Colonel William Prescott, the Commander in the Battle of Bunker's Hill. 
Honor to whom Honor is Due. A Monograph. By Francis J. 
Parker. Boston: A. Williams & Co., 283 Washington Street. 1875. 
[8vo. pp. 21.] 

These are some of the publications which the centenary of the battle of Bunker 
Hill has brought out. The work of Mr. Wheildon is a clear and impartial account 
of the battle, newly and carefully compiled from all sources, both American and 
British. It is illustrated by a facsimile of a contemporary map of Charlestown 
(in flames) and Boston. 

Mr. Drake, in his first work, has brought together the principal English accounts 
of the battle, which had not before been done ; and he has appended a succinct nar- 
rative, based on the reports of both sides. The book is illustrated by a facsimile of 
a rude view of the battle, which appeared in 1781 in George Cockings's poem, 4i The 
American War." In his second publication, Mr. Drake produces strong reasons in 
support of the opinion that Gen. Putnam was the commander of the entire field of 
operations on the 17th of June, 1775. Mr. Parker, who appears as the advocate of 
Col. Prescott, contends that as Prescott " commanded at the redoubt, the key of the 
position, to obtain possession of which was the sole object of the battle," he " was 
the superior military commander in the action." Mr. Wheildon comes to the con- 
clusion that there were two distinct engagements, one at the redoubt, commanded 
by Col. Prescott, and the other at the rail-fence, commanded by Gen. Putnam. 
Others say that the battle was fought without a commander ; and there are facts 
which give plausibility to this view of the case. 

The question of the command of the American forces in this battle will probably 
never be settled to the satisfaction of all parties. The newspaper press last 
summer contained several arguments upon it, among which may be named two 
series of articles by the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., in favor of Gen. Put- 
nam, one in the ISew York Herald, June 12 and 14, and the other in the Boston 
Journal, June 10, 11 and 14, 1875 ; and an article by the Rev. George B. Ellis, D.D., 



1876.] Boole-Notices. 137 

in favor of Col. Prescott, in the Boston Daily Advertiser, June 22, 1875. It is 
admitted by all that Col. Prescott was the commander at the redoubt, and did heroic 
service there. J. W. Dean. 

The History of Raymond, N. H. By Joseph Fullonton. # # * 
Dover, N. H. : Printed at the Morning Star Job Printing House. 1875. 
[8vo. pp. 407. For sale in Raymond, by the author ; in Boston, by D. 
H. Brown, 25 and 28 Cornhill.] 

For many years, the Rev. Mr. Fullonton, a retired clergyman, has been diligently 
collecting the materials for this book. Those who know how slight must have been 
the aid, if any, received by him, and how scattered are the sources from which 
alone he could draw ; and, especially, those who have undertaken similar works, 
will readily and duly appreciate this book, the fruit of long, patient, and, we fear, 
unremunerative labor. We see little to criticize, and much to praise in this volume. 
In fact, we are so thankful for such books, and really owe so great a debt to the 
public benefactors who bring them out, that we have no heart to criticize anything 
in them, unless it be an error in an important matter. 

It was remarked in this periodical a few years ago that a railroad was needed in 
sundry parts of New-Hampshire to wake up the people. Whether that honest 
burst of impatience had any basis is not for us to say, but it is an interesting and 
suggestive fact that town histories are multiplying along the lines of railway. 
t So far as we have the means of knowing, this book is accurate. It is well printed, 
and contains several portraits and other illustrations. a. h. h. 

The Genealogist. Edited by George W. Marshall, LL.D., Fellow of 
the Society of Antiquaries. London : Mitchell & Hughes, 24 Wardour 
St. No. I. July, 1875. No. II. October, 1875. 

In March, 1874, a few months after the death of John Gough Nichols, F.S.A., — 
a sketch of whose life appears in this number (ante, pp. 118-19), — the Herald and 
Genealogist (ante, xx. 385) which he had established, and, for upwards of eleven 
years, had edited with marked ability, was brought to a close. The discontinuance 
of this work caused many expressions of regret among genealogists. They will 
therefore gladly welcome The Genealogist, a new periodical devoted to genealogy 
and kindred subjects, which was commenced last summer in London. The prospec- 
tus of this work and the contents of the first two numbers, were printed on the 
cover of the October number of the Register, to which the reader is referred for 
information as to the scope of this magazine. The work is under the editorial charge 
of Dr. Marshall, F.S.A., who edited, for the Harleian Society, LeNeve's Catalogue 
of Knights, and who is known as a talented antiquary. The magazine is edited 
with ability ; and it gives us pleasure to learn that it meets with a favorable recep- 
tion in England. We hope it will have many subscribers in this country. The 
price is six shillings a year, or Is. 6d. a number. j. w. d. 

The Maine Genealogist and Biographer. A Quarterly Journal. " None of 
us liveth to himself and no man dieth to himself." — Paul. Augusta, 
Me. : Printed for the Society by Sprague, Owen & Nash. [No. I.] Sep- 
tember, 1875. [No. II.] December, 1875. [8vo. pp. 32 each.] 

These are the first numbers of a new periodical to be issued quarterly under the 
auspices of a newly formed society, the " Maine Genealogical and Biographical 
Society." We wish them both success, — the periodical and the society; and we 
have no doubt, from the character of the gentlemen engaged in the enterprise, that 
they will deserve it. The work will consist of matter relating to the State of 
Maine, such as genealogical and biographical sketches, notes and queries, obituaries, 
&c. &c, and will be furnished at $1.50 a year. Numbers will be sent to any ad- 
dress for 40 cents each. The contributors to these numbers are the Hon. James W. 
North, president of the society ; William B. Lapham, M.D., the secretary; Rev. G. 
T. Ridlon, Samuel L Boardman, Lemuel Perham, the Hon. Joseph W. Porter, and 
Col. F. W. Galbraith. Dr. Lapham, we presume, is the editor of the work, and all 
communications are to be addressed to him. J. w. d. 



138 Boole-Notices. [Jan. 

(1) Address delivered before the Essex Institute, October 5, 1874, at the 
Centennial Anniversary of the Meeting of the Provincial Assembly in 
Salem, October o, 1774. By Abner C. Goodell, Jr. Salem: Pub- 
lished by the Essex Institute. 1874. [Royal Octavo, pp. 60.] 

(2) Memorial Services at the Centennial Anniversary of Leslie's Expedition 
to Salem, Sunday, February 26, 1775, on Friday, February 26, 1875, by 
the City Authorities of Salem. Salem, Mass. 1875. [Quarto, pp. 91.] 

(3) Proceedings at the Centennial Celebration of the Battle of Lexington, 
April 19, 1875. Lexington: Published by the Town. Boston: Lock- 
wood, Brooks & Co. 1875. [Royal Octavo, pp. 170. Price, $2.50.] 

(4) Celebration, of the Centennial Anniversary of the Battle of Bunker 
Hill, with an Appendix containing a Survey of the Literature of the 
Battle, its Antecedents and Results. Boston; Printed by order of the 
City Council. M DCCC LXXV. [Royal Octavo, pp. 174.] 

(5) Proceedings of the Bunker Hill Monument Association at the Annual 
Meeting, June 23, 187 5, with the Oration of Hon. Charles Devens, Jr., 
and an Account of the Centennial Celebration, June 17, 1875. Boston: 
Bunker Hill Monument Association. M DCCC LXXV. [Octavo, pp. 
217.] 

(6) Centennial Orations commemorative of the Opening Ffoents of the 
American Revolution. With other Proceedings. 1874-1875. Boston: 
18 Somerset Street. 1875. [Octavo, pp. 178. Rubricated Title-page.] 

In the July number of the Register we noticed the oration of Mr. Henry Armitt 
Brown, delivered in Carpenters" Hall, Philadelphia, September 5, 1874. Since that 
notice was written, we have received the publications whose titles are given above. 
They sufficiently explain themselves, perhaps ; yet, it may be proper to state that 
Number 2 in the list contains the oration of the Hon. George B. Loring ; Number 
3, the oration of Richard H. Dana, Jr., LL.D. ; and that both Numbers 4 and 5 
contain Mr. Justice Devens's oration at Bunker Hill. 

Number 6 is a reprint from the October number of the Register of six orations, 
viz. : of Abner C. Goodell, Jr., Esq., in Salem, Mass., Oct. 5, 1874; of Richard H. 
Dana, Jr., LL.D., in Lexington, April 19, 1875; of George William Curtis, LL.D., 
in Concord, April 19, 1875 ; of the Hon. Charles Devens, Jr., at Bunker Hill, June 
17, 1875 ; of Andrew P. Peabody, D.D., LL.D., in Cambridge, Mass., July 3, 1875; 
and of the Hon. Henry Armitt Brown, in Philadelphia, Sept. 5, 1874. 

In addition to the orations, a very full and revised account of the other proceedings 
at the several centennial commemorations, above named, is given. In the appendix 
will be found an account of " General Israel Putnam's Ride to Concord," upon 
which he started as soon as news of the fighting in Lexington and Concord had 
reached him ; and the text of his letters from the last named place, on the 2 1st of 
April, to Colonel Ebenezer Williams, of Pomfret, Connecticut; also, the full text 
of "An Account of the Battle of Bunker Hill, by an Eye-witness," being the 
letter of Peter Brown, a soldier in that battle, to his mother, Mrs. Sarah Brown, 
then of Newport, R. I. This letter is dated " Cambridge, June 25, 1775." This 
volume is accompanied by a portrait of General Joseph Warren, the most distin- 
guished of the martyrs of the 17th of June. The price of the volume in muslin 
covers is $2.00 ; in paper covers, $1.50. The edition is limited to 250 copies. 

Librarians, collectors of rare books, and historical students will appreciate the 
convenience of having these learned, eloquent, and patriotic discourses gathered into 
a single volume. a. h. h. 

General Sullivan not a Pensioner of Luzerne (Minister of France at Phila- 
delphia 1778-83). With a Report of New-Hampshire Historical Society, 
vindicating him from the Charges made by George Bancroft. Second 
Edition. Boston : A. Williams & Co. 1875. [8vo.pp. 73. Price 2octs.] 

This is an able vindication of a Revolutionary patriot of whom the state of New- 
Hampshire is justly proud. This interesting pamphlet arrives as we are going to 
press, and we have space to give this brief announcement only. 



1876.] 



Deaths, 



139 



DEATHS. 



Astor, William B., in New York city, 
Nov. 24, aged 81, said to have been the 
wealthiest person in the United States. 
He was born in that city, March, 1794, 
and was the son of John Jacob Astor, 
who died in 1848, the founder of the 
Astor Library, to which institution he 
was himself a liberal benefactor. He 
attended the public schools in boyhood, 
and afterwards studied in Heidelberg 
and travelled over Europe. Returning 
to New- York, he engaged in business 
with his father. While in active 
commercial business, he was engaged 
chiefly in the fur and tea trades, but for 
many years he has devoted himself to 
collecting the rents and dividends on 
his invested capital and making rein- 
vestments, a vast business of itself. He 
married a daughter of Gen. John 
Armstrong, secretary of war under 
President Madison, by whom he had 
six children, three sons and three 
daughters. 

Brown, John Carter, in Providence, R.I., 
June 10, 1875, aged 76. He was the 
second son of the Hon. Nicholas Brown, 
thedistinguished benefactor of Brown 
University, from whom that institution 
received its name. He received his ed- 
ucation at that university, where he 
graduated in 1816. Soon after, he en- 
tered upon the pursuit of business in 
connection with the house of Brown & 
Ives, of which firm in 1832 he became 
a partner. On the death of his father 
in 1841, he inherited a large estate, and 
became more fully identified with busi- 
ness affairs. He travelled much in all 
parts of the United States, and resided 
in Europe at different times, for several 
years. He early began to take an in- 
terest in collecting rare and curious 
books, a pursuit on which he bestowed 
great attention and care, and in the 
prosecution of which lie made large ex- 
penditures. The priva te library which 
he left was one of the most valuable in 
this country. By far the most con- 
spicuous portion of it was his collec- 
tion of books relating to North and 
South America, of which a catalogue 
was privately printed in 1865, in four 
royal octavo volumes, and a second edi- 
tion of the first volume in 1875. 
m In 1828, he was chosen a trustee, and 
in 1842 a fellow of Brown University, 
and he was ever after connected with 
the management of its affairs. He be- 
stowed upon the university many mu- 
nificent gifts of different kinds. 

Butler, Miss Clarissa, of Groton, died 
in Boston, Dec. 22, 1875, aged 61. She 



was a daughter of Caleb and Clarissa 
(Varnum) Butler, and was born in 
Groton, July 14, 1814 (ante, iii. 353). 
Her father, Caleb Butler, was the au- 
thor of the History of Groton, and 
contributed to the 2d and 3d volumes 
of the Register, a genealogy of the 
Butler Family. 

Miss Butler will be greatly missed 
by her neighbors and townfblks, as she 
occupied a position of remarkable use- 
fulness. For the last forty years she 
has been closely connected with the 
local charities and the questions of 
public education, arid she has been so 
capable in whatever duties she has 
undertaken that it will be difficult for 
any one to fill her place. She inherited 
her father's antiquarian taste, and was 
more familiar with the history of the 
town than any other person. At one 
time she was the preceptress of the 
Lawrence Academy, and of late years 
she has served as a member of the school 
committee, where her opinions were 
always justly treated with great de- 
ference. She took an active interest 
in the Groton public library, and made 
her influence felt in various directions 
for the benefit of her town's-people. 
Her loss will be felt in many different 
walks of life. Apart, however, from 
her cultivation and strength of mind, 
she will be remembered best for her 
conscientious and Christian life. 

Cooke, McLaurin Furber, M.D., in Chel- 
sea, Mass., Nov. 11, of consumption, 
aged 54. He was a son of Thomas and 
Nancy Cooke, and was born in New- 
ington, N. H., Jan. 5, 1821. In early 
life he removed to Farmington. He 
graduated at Dart. Coll. in 1847, and 
at the Medical School in 1855. He 
commenced the practice of his profes- 
sion, but relinquished it for school- 
teaching. He taught in Gilmanton 
and Greenland, N. H., Hartford, Ct., 
Somerville, Mass., and Charlestown. 
He was sub-master of the Eliot school, 
Boston, for several years, and in 1866 
was elected master of the Hancock 
school, which position he held till fail- 
ing health obliged him to retire from 
active labor. He m. in 1855 Mary 
Elizabeth, dau. of Edward B. Moore, 
M.D., of Boston, and leaves one daugh- 
ter, the wife of George L. Gould, of 
Chelsea. 

Edwards, the Hon. Jonathan, in New 
Haven, Conn., Aug. 23, 1875. He was 
born in Hartford, Conn., Sept, 27, 1798. 
His father was Jonathan Walter Ed- 
wards, of Hartford (a graduate of Yale 



140 



Deaths, 



[Jan. 



in 1789) , a lawyer and a member of 
the Connecticut bar. Jonathan Walter 
Edwards was the only son of the Rev. 
Jonathan Edwards, president of Union 
College, who was the son of the emi- 
nent theologian and scholar, commonly 
known as President Edwards, the au- 
thor of " Edwards on the Will," a 
work said by Daniel Webster to be 
"the greatest achievement of the 
human intellect. ' ' Jonathan Edwards , 
the subject of this notice, was educated 
at the Grammar School in Hartford and 
at Yale College, graduating at Yale in 
1819. Soon after he entered the office 
of Zephaniah Swift, the author of 
Swift's Digest and Chief Justice of 
the Supreme Court of Connecticut, and 
was admitted to the bar of that State 
in 1824. For several years afterwards, 
Mr. Edwards was a practising attorney 
in Hartford ; and during part of that 
time was the editor of the Connecticut 
Mirror, when Gideon Welles, ex-Sec- 
retary of the United States Navy, and 
George D. Prentice, afterwards so 
widely known as the editor of the 
Louisville Journal, were editors of the 
Hartford Times and the New-England 
Review. In 1834, Mr. Edwards was 
appointed by the legislature of the 
State judge of probate for the district 
of Hartford. 

In 1837, Mr. Edwards was married 
to Maria Champion, born in Colches- 
ter, Ct., then a resident of Troy, N. Y., 
and soon after took up his residence in 
that city. For a number of years he 
was president and acting superintend- 
ent of the Troy and Greenbush Rail- 
road. His knowledge of railroads, his 
enterprise and energy, rendered him 
valuable not only to the road with 
which he was connected, but to the 
railroad interests generally of the 
locality. 

In the fall of 1853, Mr. Edwards 
accepted the whig nomination for the 
New York assembly, and was elected. 
In that year the project of bridging 
the Hudson was before the legislature. 
Troy, as usual, opposed the measure, 
and in the opposition Mr. Edwards 
was very effective. The following 
spring, Mr. Edwards was chosen mayor 
of the city. He devoted an unusual 
amount of time to the office, and his 
vigilance and efficiency were felt in 
every department of the city govern- 
ment. The following fall he was pre- 
vailed upon to accept a renomination 
to the Assembly, and Was elected ; 
serving throughout with great general 
acceptance. 



In 1858 3 he was elected supervisor 
from the eighth ward, though the 
ward was politically hostile to him. 
He was reelected in the spring of 1859. 
He took a prominent part in the 
proceedings of the boara, and, with 
the city representatives, succeeded in 
securing what was deemed a more 
equitable and just apportionment of 
taxes. Owing to the death of his wife, 
Mr. Edwards terminated his residence 
in Troy in the spring of 1867, since 
which time he has been a resident of 
New Haven, with his only son, Jona- 
than Edwards, M.D., a graduate of 
Yale in 1863. 

Mr. Edwards prepared during the 
later years of his life, in connection 
with his son, a careful and full genea- 
logical history of his branch of the 
Edwards family. 

Kidder. — Mrs. Harriet Maria, in Mel- 
rose, Dec. 22, aged 58. She was a 
daughter of Jonathan and Lois (Mix- 
er) Hagar, of Cambridgeport, where 
she was born Oct. 26, 1817 (Sec Bond's 
Watertown, p. 269). She married 
Jan. 12, 1841. Frederic Kidder, Esq., 
author of the History of New Ipswich 
and other historical works, and a 
prominent member of the New-Eng- 
land Historic, Genealogical Society. 
She took much interest in her hus- 
band's historical studies, and in the 
society. 

Mis. Kidder was beloved by all who 
felt the charm of her manner ; and in 
few cases, it is believed, has such 
Christian fortitude, as a lingering ill- 
ness exacted, such sweetness of char- 
acter as she constantly displayed, left 
their fragrant memory in the hearts of 
friends and kindred. 

Park, Mrs. Laura Hall, in Brooklyn, N. 
Y., June 21. She was the wife of the 
Hon. Trenor W . Park, and a daughter 
of the Hon. Hiland Hall, of North 
Bennington, Vt. She was a lady of 
most estimable character, with rare 
graces of heart and culture which won 
the friendship of those who made her 
acquaintance. Her benevolence was 
proverbial. 

Went worth, Joseph Fuller, in Lee, 
Oneida Co., New York, 13 August, 
1875; born at Windsor, Mass., 24 
November, 1792, son of Sylvanus? in 
line of William* Sylvanus, 3 Paul, 2 
William. 1 

J. Went worth. 






J. SABIN & SONS, 

Book0ellet0, |3tmt0dUr0 & Jmportas, 

84 NASSAU STREET, NEW-YORK: 

14 York Street, Covent Garden, London, W. C, England, 

Desire to acquaint the members of the New-England Histohic, Genealogical So- 
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Messrs. Sabin are issuing a Catalogue of their Books, both New and Second-Hand. 
The first portion is now ready, and will be mailed on receipt of a two cent stamp. The 
Catalogue embraces a number of the best publications, accompanied by useful and reada- 
ble notes. 

The AMERICAN BIBLIOPOLIST, a Journal devoted to Book-Gossip, Notes and 
Queries, Shakspeareiana, and other information generally useful to book buyers, is 
published by Sabin & Sons. Annual subscription, $1.25, inclusive of prepaid postage. 

Jggf 3 Samples sent on application. 

CENTENNIAL ORATIONS. 

The New-England Historic, Genealogical Society has published a volume entitled 
" Centennial Orations commemorative of the Opening Events of the American Revolution, 
with Other Proceedings, 1874-1875." It comprises the Oration of Hon. Henry Arniitt 
Brown, in Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia, Sept. 5, 1874 ; of Abner C. Goodell, Jr., Esq., 
in Saiem, Oct. 5, 1874; of Richard H. Dana, LL.D., in Lexington, and George William 
Curtis, LL.D., in Concord, Mass., April 19, 1875; of Hon. Charles Devens, Jr., at Bun- 
ker Hill, June 17, 1875, and of the Rev. Andrew P. Peabody, D.D., LL.D., in Cambridge, 
July 3, 1875. To these are annexed very full reports of the other proceedings at these cen- 
tennial celebrations. The frontispiece is a portrait of Gen. Joseph Warren. 

Historical students and collectors of choice and rare books will appreciate the advantage 
of having these Orations and Proceedings gathered into a single volume. 

The volume contains 176 pages. Price in muslin, $2.00; in paper, $1.50. Edition of 
250 copies. Orders should be addressed to 

John Ward Dean, Librarian, 

18 Somerset Street, Boston. 

Genealogical Memoir of the Newcomb Family. — Contains the record of nearly 7000 New- 
combs in America (1635 to 1874), first generation of children descended from females who 
have lost the Newcomb name by marriage, notices of the family in England during the past 
700 years; also 11 steel portraits, 75 autographs and 6 indexes. The labor of compilation 
extended over a period of 14 years. The book is an octavo of 604 pages, is neatly printed on 
superfine, tinted paper and well bound ; 675 copies have been sold. A few copies are offered 
at $5 each by express, or $5.50 by mail. 

Address John B. Newcomb, Elgin, 111. 

History of New- Hampshire. — By Prof. Edwin D. Sanborn, LL.D., of Dartmouth Col- 
lege. This work is now ready for circulation. Price $2.00 a copy. 

John B. Clarke, Publisher, Manchester, N. H. 

The Hart Genealogy, 1632-1875. — Descendants of" Deacon Stephen Hart, by Alfred 
Andrews, of New-Britain, Conn. Price, $4. To be had of the compiler at his residence. 

The undersigned offers his services in tracing pedigrees, especially in the counties of Essex, 
Middlesex and Suffolk, with the records of which counties he is already well acquainted. 

Address HENRY F. WATERS, Salem, Mass. 



THE 
NEW-ENGLAND 

HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL EEGISTEE. 



VOLUME XXX. 

EDITED BY JOHN WARD DEAN. 



This periodical is published quarterly, under the direction of the New- 
England Hjstm-ic, Trenealogrcal Society, at No. 18 Somerset Street, Boston, 
on the first day of January, April, July and October, at $3 per annum, in 
advance. 

The design of the work is to gather up and place in a permanent form the 
scattered and decaying records of the domestic, civil, literary, religious and 
political life of the people of the "United States, and particularly of New- 
England ; to rescue from oblivion the illustrious deeds and virtues of our 
ancestors ; to perpetuate their honored names, and to trace out and preserve 
the genealogy and pedigree of their families. To this end the Register 
contains : — 

1. Biographies, accompanied with steel engravings, of distinguished men. 

2. Genealogies of American families. 

3. Transcriptions of important papers from church, town, county, and 
court records ; deeds, writs, wills, etc. 

4. Historical memoranda, as from interleaved almanacs, family Bibles, 
old account books, etc. 

5. Inscriptions from ancient burial places, and from ancient coins. 

6. Bibliography ; especially of rare American books, pamphlets, etc. 

7. Heraldry : a record of the armorial bearings used by American 
families at an early date. 

8. Old ballads and poems, with illustrative notes. 

9. Ancient private journals and letters throwing light upon American 
history. 

10. Notices of new historical works, and others upon kindred topics. 

11. Current events in the country ; centennial celebrations, etc. 

12. Proceedings of historical and other learned societies. 

13. Necrology of members of the New-England Historic, Genealogical 
Society. 

14. Notes and queries respecting curious historical and antiquarian ques-, 
tions, old buildings,. music, costumes, coins, autographs, etc. 

15. Obituary notices. 

The whole containing 'a"n. original ant} varied mass of information, histori- 
cal, archaeological, genealogical and aesthetic, invaluable to the student of his- 
tory, the man of letters, the lover of his country, and of the honored names 
of those who founded it. A carefully prepared index of names and subjects 
accompanies every volume.. 



ttT"The Comniittee on Publication, having ob- pages to the Register, if correspondents or their 

tained the opinions of a large number of the sub- friends will pay the expense of the same. Our 

scribers to the Register upon the subject, have do- subscribers cannot complain of such additions, 

termined to confine all articles upon fimily gene- as they will not be subject to the charge of 

alogy to the first four generations in this country, them. 

except occasionally bringing down a few lines to Up Subscribers will observe that the Register 

the present time ; and to limit the space allowed is in no case sent to them after they have ordered 

for each article to six pages. Some families, it stopped, imless such order is received after a 

however, have expressed a wish to have later new volume has commenced, and arrearages remain 

generations preserved in detail in the Register, unpaid, when, according to the rules of periodi- 

The Committee are willing to do this by adding cals, they are liable for another year. 



g)^» Ike July number of the Register will be devoted to Revolutionary and 

Centennial matters. 



]LS ^ 



THE 




NEW-ENGLAND 



Historical and Genealogical 

REGISTER. 



N° CXVIII. 

VOL. XXX. — APRIL, 1876. 



IN MEMORIAM MAJORUM. 



PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE 
NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 



BOSTON: 
THE SOCIETY'S HOUSE, 18 SOMERSET STREET. 

DATVTD CLAPP & SON", PEINTEES. 
564 Washington St. 

TERMS $3 A YEAR, ITf ADVANCE. 



7/ 



CONTENTS — APRIL, 1876. 

*** Illustrations: Portrait of the Hon. WILLIAM LOWNDES {to face page 141) ; Coat-of- 

Arms of the Lowndes Family {page 141). 

I. The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. By George B. Chase, A.M. . . 141 
II. The Hon. Marshall P. Wilder's Address before the New-England Historic, 

Genealogical Society, January 5, 1876 165 

III. A Yankee Privateersman in Prison in England, 1777-79. Com. by William 

R. Cutter 174 

IV. Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown, Mass. {Continued.) 

Com. by James F. Hunnewell 178 

V. Brief History of the Register. By Albert H. Horjt, A.M. .... 184 

VI. Extracts from the Diary of the Hon. William D. Williamson. Com. by 

the Hon. Joseph Williamson 189 

VII. The Proprietors of the Sudbury-Canada Grant. Com. by the Hon. Israel 

Washburn, Jr., LL.D 192 

VIII. Marriages in West Springfield. Com. by Lyman H. Bagg, A.M. . . . 194 
IX. Documents Relative to the Expedition to Port Royal, 1710. Com. by 

Walter L.Je fries, A.B 196 

X. Abstracts of the Ea&liest Wills in Suffolk County, Mass. {Continued.) 

Com. by William B. Trask 201 

XL The Folsom Family. By the Rev. NatJianiel S. Folsom and the Rev. Jacob 

Chapman 207 

XII. Notfs on American History. No. VII. Speech of Sir William Berkeley to the 

Virginia Assembly, March 17, 1650-1. By the Rev. Edward D. Nail . . 231 

XIII. Notes and Queries: 

A Wreck in 1695-6 on Cape Fear Island, 2X); Education at the Centennial ; Dr. 
Franklin and Isaiah Thomas; Indian Deserter; Barrett; Gibbons: Ages of 
Harvard Graduates; Withington ; Starr; Lillington of Carolina: Tell; Capt. 
James Parker; Boston Schools, 1713; Roland Young; The Old Elm on Boston 
Common; Fire in Boston, 1762: Russell and Rose; Commodore Preble's History 
of the American Flag; Sale of the Library of Samuel G. Drake; Noble Family; 
Washington's Autograph and Portrait; Watson; Bill against the New-England 
government, 1686; Axtell and Pratt; Cook; Flower; A remarkable Church 
Choir; Root, Mrs. Goss, the Centenarian; "Bason of Alchimy"; Records of 
Falmouth, Me. ; Edward Wiggle 6 worth 233-240 

XIV. Necrology of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society: 

The Hon. William Preseott, M.D. ; Francis Dane, Esq.; David Snow, Esq.; 
Gen. John S. Tvler; the Rev. William Tyler; James M. Beebe ; Solomon R. 
Spaulding; the Hon. Francis Bassett; George W. Pratt 241-247 

XV. Societies and their Proceedings : 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, Oct. 6, Nov. 3, Dec. 1, 1875; Rhode 
Island Historical Society, Dec. 21, 187o, Jan. 11 and 18, 1876; New- London 
County Historical Society, Feb. 22, 1876 ; Virginia Historical Society, Feb. 1876 247-253 

XVI. Notices of Recent Publications: 

Thomas's History of Printing, new edition ; Bibliothcca Americana — Books re- 
lating to America in the Library of John Carter Brown ; The Comte de Paris'fl 
History of the Civil War in America; Potter's American Monthly; Williams's 
History of St. Paul, Min.; Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts; 
Fowler's Essays, Historical, Literary, Educational; Origin of the appellation, 
Key Stone State; Valentines in America; Rawson Family; Odiorne Family; 
Bulkelcy Family; Stoddard Genealogy; Vilas Genealogy; Green Genealogy; 
Tenney Family ; Warren Family; Booge Family ; Supplement to Cutter Family ; 
Third Supplement to Notices of the Ellises ; Stearns's History of Rindgc, N. H. ; 
Hingham in the Civil War; Jenness's Original Documents in the English 
Archives relating to New Hampshire; Morris's History of First Church in 
Springfield and Early History of Springfield ; Centennial Celebration in West 
Springfield; Simons's edition of Duyckinek's Cyclopaedia of American Litera- 
ture; Brown's Coasting Voyages of Champlain in Maine; Ten Brook's American 
State Universities, their Origin and Progress ; Hart Genealogy ; Dr. Green's 
Report of the Council of the American Antiquarian Society; Abbott's History 
of Maine; Tuttle's History of Wisconsin; Frothingham's Battle of Bunker Hill; 
Bibliotheca Munselliana; Webster's Almanac for 1876 ; Munsell's edition of the 
New England Primer; Loomis Genealogy; Nason's Life of Henry Wilson; 
Randall's History of Chippewa Valley; Bouton's Documents and Records of 
New-Hampshire, vol. viii.; Goodrich's Character and Achievements of Columbus ; 
Tuttle's God's Work in the World; Jenness's Isles of Shoals; Lossing's Outline 
History of the United States; Why History is so little Read; Temple and Shel- 
don's History of Northfield; Munsell's Reminiscences of Northfield ; Hoadly's 
Public Records of Connecticut, vol. ix. : Rupp's Thirty Thousand Names of 
German, Swiss, Dutch and French Immigrants; Hazen's Historical Discourse 
in Plymouth, N. H. ; Stone's Manual of Education; Mitchener's Ohio Annals; 
Commemoration Day in Canton, 1875 ; Long's The Names we Bear . . m 253-277 

XVII. Deaths: 

Mary M. Dean, Col. John L. Devotion, Peter Hobart, Henry H. Jones, Mrs. 
Rhoda K. Porter, William Stevens Robinson, Mark Wentworth . . . 278 



the 



HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL 

REGISTER. 



APRIL, 1876. 



THE LOWNDES FAMILY OF SOUTH CAROLINA.* 

A GENEALOGICAL BKETCH. 

By George B. Cham:, A.M. 




A 



MONG the leading families of the 
Stale of South Carolina) in by-gone 

days, there was hardly one thai exercised 
so strong an influence throughout its colo- 
nial dependence, and the first half centu- 
ry of its existence as one of the United 
State-, as that of Lowndes of Charles- 
ton, and of Colleton County where were 
it- first plantations, — a junior branch of 
an old and very numerous English family 
which attained it > highest honors in the 
mother country during the reign of Queen 
Anne. 

For well nigh a century from the year 
1725, when Mr. Thomas Lowndes of 
Overton, in the county of Cheshire, and 
a descendant of the " anciente famihje 
of Loundes of Legli Hall," was busily 
engaged in schemes for the settlement of 
South Carolina, of which he held the patent of Provost Marshal, 
and was in active correspondence with the Board of Trade, at White- 
hall, — down to the period of the Missouri Compromise in 1820, 
and the lamented death, two years later, of William Lowndes of 
Charleston, then nominated, after ten years of eminent service in 
Congress, as a candidate for the Presidency of the United States, — 
the strenuous character of their race had maintained a continual 
representation of their name in the service of the colony and state. 



vol. xxx. 



12 



* Copyright, 1876. By George B. Chase. 



142 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, [April, 

When Crowfield, the family residence on the Ashley river, was 
burned with all its contents, soon after the Revolution, the library, 
together with its books, portraits and papers, including a pedigree 
and all the early correspondence with their relatives in England 
and the West Indies, were utterly destroyed. As the generation 
then living, according to tradition, were very familiar with the 
history of their line, and as little importance was then attached 
to a continuance of that intercourse which had been rudely severed 
by the outbreak of the War of Independence, no steps were taken 
to make any record of the history of the Carolina family, and so it 
happened after the lapse of two generations of planters, who were 
thoroughly content with their lot in life, and, " incuriosi suorum" 
were unaware of the importance to their descendants of a full family 
record, that, when there arose among them, a few years since, the 
natural spirit of inquiry into their antecedents, and a desire to establish 
anew their traditional connection with England, there was no where 
in Carolina any paper or record of the family descent, or even of the 
family correspondence in the last century. Beyond an old seal and 
a few pieces of English porcelain dinner service sent from England 
to Rawlins Lowndes, subsequently President of South Carolina, soon 
after his second marriage in 1750, and decorated with his arms, 
there was no clue to which branch of the name in England the 
Carolina planters had been related. 

Several years since, Major Rawlins Lowndes, formerly of the 
Army, and now of Hopeland, near Staatsburgh on Hudson, author- 
ized the inquiry which, conducted by the writer in the West Indies 
and in England, resulted, after many unforeseen delays, in perfecting 
anew proofs of that pedigree which had been consumed at the burn- 
ing of Crowfield nearly a hundred years before. 

A comparison of the arms upon the seal and dinner service with 
that of Lowndes of Bostock House and Hassall Hall, in Burke's 
History of the Commoners, showed them to be identical, save with 
the proper difference when borne by a younger son, but the geneal- 
ogy of the Bostock line, as recorded by Burke, although it showed 
a representation in the American Colonies at a late period, contained 
no mention of any possible ancestor of Charles Lowndes of St. Kitts, 
the founder of the Carolina family. 

A correspondence was thereupon instituted with the clergy in the 
island of St. Christopher, usually called St. Kitts, as it was known 
from the printed notes of his grandson, the late Hon. Thomas 
Lowndes, that Mr. Charles Lowndes had come with his family 
from that island. After an interval of some months, an answer 
was received from the late Rev. Ebenezer Elliott, then rector of 
Christ Church, Nicola town, and St. Mary's, Cayou, St. Kitts, giv- 
ing a record of all births, marriages, and deaths under the Lowndes 
name before the removal to Carolina. A diligent search was com- 
menced in the record office at London, and a careful examination 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 143 

was made of all the wills which seemed to bear upon the family of 
either Mr. Thomas Lowndes, of Overton, the first Provost Marshal of 
Carolina under the king, or that of the Bostock line. Wills were 
transcribed, parish registers were searched, and the present repre- 
sentative of the Bostock family in England, now merged in the female 
line, Miss Sophia Kirkby Iieddall, of Congleton, niece and heiress 
of the last Mr. Lowndes of Hassall, caused an examination of the 
family papers in her own possession to be made by her solicitor. 

It became at length evident, although not till the end of a long 
and wearisome inquiry, which was carried on at intervals for upwards 
of five years, that there were material errors and omissions in the 
English pedigrees, the result of an imperfect and probably hasty 
examination of the papers of the late Mr. William Lowndes of 
Hassall, the last representative of his name, before they were 
submitted to Mr. Burke's compilers for their perusal and use in the 
preparation of his most comprehensive book, "The History of the 
Commoners of Great Britain." 

As Mr. Thomas Lowndes, Provost Marshal of Carolina in 1725, 
was of the Overton family, an especial search was also made in the 
will offices and among the church records of the various parishes in 
Cheshire where the family name was found, for a proof of his pedi- 
gree and with the hope of bringing to light the presumed relationship 
between this gentleman and Charles Lowndes, whose son Rawlins 
had, as early as 1741, succeeded to the provost marshalship, with 
the approval of the assignee of the patent. The wills of all persons 
recorded under the name of Lowndes at the probate office in Chester 
were carefullv examined, and full extracts were taken from the 
parish registers of Sandbach, Midcllewich and Astbury, but while 
the family of Mr. Thomas Lowndes of Overton, and afterwards 
of Westminster — although never himself, after his appointment, 
in the new world — was clearly ascertained, there was no trace of 
Charles Lowndes, nor any one of his name. 

In the autumn of 1872, the writer, who was then in London, 
procured some additional lists of wills registered at Doctors' Com- 
mons, under the name of Lowndes, with copies of the names of all 
persons mentioned in them. Among them he read the name of 
Charles Lowndes as found in the will of Frances Lowndes of Covent 
Garden. A copy of the will was immediately procured. While it 
was, at once, evident that, although her name nowhere appeared in 
the history of the Hassall family, she could have belonged to no 
other, and that her place in the record could be marked out with 
absolute precision, it was also apparent that the omission of her 
name was not the only one of her generation, and that further, 
additions to the family genealogy would probably be found. 

In the summer of 1874, by the kindness of Miss Peddall, a copy 
of the will of William Weld of Weld House and Hassall Hall, who 



144 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, [April, 

died in 1705,* in which the name of Charles Lowndes the elder 
occurs, was furnished the writer, and from Mr. William H. Turner 
were received abstracts of certain deeds relative to the Lowndes 
property at Congleton. 

From these various papers, the following genealogical sketch has 
been prepared, imperfect as it must always remain from the destruc- 
tion of so many records in the disorganized condition of South 
Carolina during the last fifteen years. - The genealogy, however, 
establishes perfectly the connection which was known by tradition to 
have existed between the old family of Cheshire and the officers of 
the crown in the province of South Carolina a century and a quarter 
ago. 

William 1 LowxDES,t a descendant of a younger son of the family of 
Lowndes, of Overton, in Smallwood, and itself a branch of the ancient 
family of Lowndes of Legh Hall, near Middlewich, bought, in the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, Bostock House in Little Hassall, in the parish of Sand- 
bach, all in the county Palatine of Chester, from the family of Bostock of 

More ton Say in the county of Salop. He married Ellen, daughter of , 

and had issue : 

i. Ellen, 2 bapt. Sept. 25, 1580. 

ii. Joan, 2 bapt. Oct. 21, 1582. 

iii. William, 2 bapt. June 9, 1585, who died in childhood. 

2. iv. Richard, 2 who succeeded as heir. 

v. Thomas, 2 bapt. March 15, 1590-1 ; buried May 8, 1591. 

Mr. Lowndes died 4th June, 1590, and by his will, proved 9th October in 
the same year, appointed his wife, and his brothers Richard and Thomas, 
executors of his will. 

2. Richard 2 Lowndes, gent., of Bostock House, baptized 22d Jan. 

1587-8; married 11th Aug. 1 Gil, Elizabeth, daughter of Rawlins, 

and had issue : 

i. Margery, 3 bapt. Sept. 17, 1612. 

ii. Elizabeth, 3 bapt. Oct. 22, 1613. 

iii. Richard, 3 bapt. April 19, 1615, who died in infancy. 

iv. Ellen, 3 bapt. Feb. 27, 1617-18. 

By his second wife, Margery, daughter of , Mr. Lowndes had one 

son: — 

3. v. John. 3 

* By the will of William Weld, his estates passed to his great nephew, Richard Lowndes, 
of Bostock House and Hassall Hall, son of Richard, and nephew of Charles Lowndes the 
elder. From the accession of Mr. Richard Lowndes to the Hassall property, Bostock 
House ceased to be the family residence. Ormerod, in his History of Cheshire, thus 
describes the estates of Bostock and Hassall Hall, as they appeared in 1818. 

Of Bostock Hall, he says: "The hall, from which this estate derives its name, is a farm 
house, containing within its walls some portion of an ancient mansion, which was defended 
by a moat, of which a part is remaining, and was the property and occasional residence of 
the Bostocks of Moreton Say, co. Salop. Henry Bostock of that place, by an Inq.p. m. 
23. Eliz., is found to hold (inter alia) lands in Hassall from the lord of Hulfield, in socage." 

" The Hall of Hassall is a very respectable residence, finished with gables, and surrounded 
with antiquated gardens and offices. The situation is on an elevated knoll, where the 
neighboring country undulates agreeably, and the circumstances of the term interest of the 
possessor, " with impeachment of waste," have already ornamented it with pleasure grounds 
and hedge rows, with trees of growth and proportions strikingly distinguished from those 
of the adjacent townships." 

t Burke's History of the Commoners. 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 145 

On 4th Jan. 1651, Mrs. Margery Lowndes died, and Mr. Lowndes dying 
20th April, 1652, was succeeded by his son, 

3. John 3 Lowndes, gent., of Bostock House, baptized 24th April, 
1625. He married Jane, daughter of John Welde, gent., of Weld House, 
in Newbold Astbury, and co-heir to her brother, William Weld, Esq., of 
Weld House and Hassall Hall. 

By his wife Jane, Mr. Lowndes had ten children : 

i. Richard, 4 bapt. at Sandbach, Oct. 13, 1615, who succeeded as heir, 

ii. John, 4 bapt. at Sandbach, Nov. 8, 1646. 

iii. Mary, 4 bapt. at Sandbach, June 4, 1648 ; m. Savyle. 

iv. Audrey, 4 bapt. at Sandbach, June 5, 1649; m. John Walker, 

v. Ellen, 4 bapt. at Sandbach, April 19, 1651; in. Robert Bennett, 

vi. Christopher, 4 bapt. at Sandbach, Aug. 27, 1652. 

vii. Edward, 5 bapt. at Sandbach, Aug. 1, 1653. 

Not long after the birth of his seventh child, Mr. Lowndes, as appears by 
the deeds of Congleton Borough, moved to Middlewich,* where, by an 
indenture dated 13th Oct. 1657, he made a feoffment to William Welde of 
Newbold Astbury and John Welde of London of certain premises which he 
held as heir of his father Richard Lowndes. It is probable that there were 
born to Mr. Lowndes, while a resident of Middlewich, his younger children, 
of whose existence the compilers of the family history appear to have been 
unaware ; for, in addition to the children whose baptisms are recorded in the 
Sandbach records, Mr. Lowndes had : — 

viii. Frances. 4 

4. ix. Charles, 4 who was bapt. at Middlewich, Dec. 6, 1658, and was described 

in the parish register as " son of John Lowncs." 
x. William. 4 

Mr. Lowndes made his will 18th May, 1667, and died the same day. He 
was buried two days later at Sandbach. His wife, who was co-executrix of 
his will, di'ed 2d Feb. 1690, and was buried at Worthenbury in Flintshire. 

Frances 4 Lowndes, of Covent Garden, made her will 29th March, 1690. 
She did not long survive, for the will was proved 11th April following. In 
her will she mentions her mother Jane, her brothers Richard 4 and Charles, 4 
her sisters Mary, 4 Audrey 4 and Ellen, 4 and their husbands, who have not, 
hitherto, been anywhere recorded. She also mentions her sister-in-law 
Sarah, wife of Charles, 4 and their son Charles, 5 to whom she left a bequest 
of money which was to be paid him when he attained the age of twenty-one 
years. She also mentions her cousin, Ann Whittingham, the daughter of 
her mother's sister, Elizabeth Weld, who had married Thomas Whittingham, 
gent., of Brereton. 

It is worthy of note in this* place that the brother of Mrs. Jane Weld 
Lowndes, William Weld, of Weld House and Hassall Hall, who died at 
Hassall, and was buried at Sandbach, 23d April, 1705, bequeathed by will to 
his nephew Charles 4 Lowndes, the elder, an annuity of £5. No trace of 

* Middlewich and Sandbach are adjoining parishes, and the Lowndes family which had 
been settled in the neighborhood from the earliest dates had become wealthy, in the seven- 
teenth century, from their success in the opening of salt mines on their property. Of these 
mines in Cheshire which have now been worked for several centuries, an English writer 
(Littell's Living Age, May 2, 1874, No. 1560. p. 319) says, in 1871 an enormous amount of 
salt was sent out of that country to foreign lands and the home market. " The demand 
increases, and the supply as yet shows no sign of failure, for the salt district occupies about 
twenty six square miles, of which not more than five have been hitherto worked. As a 
single square yard of surface is reckoned to cover one hundred and twenty tons of salt, it 
will be understood that the total quantity is amazing." 
VOL. XXX. 12* 



146 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, [April, 

the three younger children of John 3 Lowndes had been found by Mr. Burke 
in the Hassall papers, nor was their existence known to the representatives 
of the family in England, until the discovery of the existence of Frances 4 
and Charles 4 had led, at the request of the writer, to a re-examination of 
the early wills, and the discovery by Miss Reddall in the will of William 
Weld, of the tenth child, William 4 Lowndes, of whom, however, we have 
no other trace. 

4. Charles 4 Lowndes, the elder, as he was known and described 
in the family papers, married Sarah, daughter of , and had one son, 

5. Charles * Lowndes, the younger, the ancestor of all of the name 
of Lowndes in South Carolina, who emigrated in early life to St. Christo- 
pher's, or, as it is usually called, St. Kitts, the largest of the Leeward 
Islands. Soon after his arrival he married Ruth, daughter of Henry 

Rawlins and his wife.* By this marriage he connected himself with 

a numerous and influential family, long established in the island, for, as 
early as 1635, the name of Rawlins is found, and more than once among 
the list of passengers to St. Kitt's from England. Henry Rawlins was 
in the third generation of planters there, and although he had been at one 
time a heavy loser by the depredations of the French cruisers, as appears 
by a record of the year 1705 in the state paper oflice at London, showing 
that he had sustained damage on one such occasion, to the amount of 
£961. 15s. od., of which a third part was subsequently recovered, he was 
enabled to bequeath to his daughter a considerable estate, both real and 
personal. Mr. Lowndes, whose three children were born to him before the 
year 1723, embarrassed his property by free living and an unrestrained 
expenditure, as his grandchildren were informed by their father, and, in 
1730, having resigned his position in the Council as representative of the 
parish of St. Peter, Basseterre, to which he had been elected in the previous 
year, sailed with his family for Charleston, South Carolina. He was soon 
after followed by his negroes and movable property, paying £25 duties 
upon his slaves, and £54. 8s. Sd. on his effects. He executed a mortgage, 
recorded in the registry of deeds at Charleston, on the 7th of March, 1731, 
to secure certain bills of exchange drawn by him on the 18th of February 
previous/)" 

Mr. Lowndes died in Charleston, March, 1736. His children were: 

6. i. William. 6 

7. ii. Charles. 6 

8. iii. Rawlins, 6 b. January, 1721. 

6. William* Lowndes, the eldest of these brothers, accompanied his 
mother on her return to St. Kitts after the death of her husband, whom she 
survived more than twenty-seven years, dying in Christ Church, Nichola 
Town, 25th July, 1763. She was buried there on the following day. 

* Mr. Elliott was not able to find the record of Mr. Henry Rawlins's marriage. In a law- 
suit, instituted in 1716, at St. Kitts, the papers of which are preserved among the colonial 
records at London, there is a deposition of one Robert Davis, showing that Henry Rawlins and 
Ruth Garner, widow, had seized a long time before upon land in Basseterre, to which 
Davis conceived he had a claim, and the deposition recites much of Mr. Rawlins's doings, 
but says nothing further of the widow Garner. The assumption is reasonable that Mr. 
Rawlins married the widow, and that Mrs. Charles Lowndes had thus received at 
baptism the name of Ruth from her mother who bore it. 

t Among the acts passed in 1733 by the Colonial Legislature was one entitled, "An act to 
encourage Charles Lowndes, Esquire, to make a new machine to Pound and Beat Rice and 
to appropriate the benefit thereof to himself." 



1876. J The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 147 

William Lowndes was married at Christ Church, April 7th, 1739, to 
Mary, daughter of Nicholas and Mary Taylor. Their children were : 

i. Mart, 7 bapt. June 1, 1740. 

ii. John Taylor, 7 bapt. Aug. 1, 1744, named in the will of his uncle Charles 

Lowndes. John Taylor 7 Lowndes m. and had : — 

i. John Lowndes* Hem. ,dau.of Bailey, of Domenica, 

and had, 
i. Henrietta, 9 m. Rev. Henry Newman, of Roseau, Domenica. 
ii. Grace, 9 m. Walsh, of Roseau, Domenica, and had issue. 

Mr. John 8 Lowndes was Surveyor-general of Dominica. He died in 1812. 

7. Charles 6 Lowndes, at the time of his father's death, was about 
seventeen years of age. His portrait, taken not long before his death, 
represents a very tall man, with a countenance indicating great determina- 
tion and fixity of purpose, traits which have been recognized in Carolina as 
characteristics of the race since Thomas Lowndes, as agent for the duke 
of Newcastle, had first visited the colony, as early as 1685. Charles 6 
Lowndes finished his education under the care of Mr. Robert Hall, a lawyer 
of position and influence, and soon after established himself as a planter in 
Colleton County. In 1752, he was appointed Provost Marshal in immediate 
succession to his brother Rawlins, 6 and held the office several years. He 
married Sarah, daughter of Parker, and had : 

i. Charles, 7 m. Jeannie Perry.* 
Mr. Lowndes made his will 18th Jan. 1763, and died the same year. In 
his will, which was proved in the following May, he mentioned his brother 
Rawlins, 6 and his nephew John Taylor 7 Lowndes, of St. Kitts, and 
bequeathed his estate to his wife and son. 

8. Rawlins 6 Lowndes, who was about fourteen years of age when his 
mother returned to St. Kitts, had been placed by her in the family of the 
resident provost marshal, Mr. Robert Hall, as his guardian. This gentleman, 
who possessed a large library, of which his ward was a diligent student, 
carefully directed, during the four remaining years of his most useful life, 
the education of his pupil in the study of the law. Such was the value of 
Mr. Hall's training, and such was the diligence of young Mr. Lowndes, that 
on the death of his guardian in January, 1740, it proved to be the well-nigh 
unanimous desire of the provincial bar that the position of Provost Marshal 
should be but temporarily filled, and the permanent appointment reserved 
till he came of age and be enabled to take the oath of office. Early in 
1742, Mr. Lowndes received the appointment, which he held for ten years, 
when he was succeeded, as we have already seen, by his brother Charles. 6 

The office of Provost Marshal corresponded to that of High Sheriff, and 
had been granted to Mr. Thomas Lowndes, of Westminster, Gent., 27th 
Sept. 1725. A copy of his Patent, which contains a curious provision, is 
preserved at the Record Office, London.f 

* The authority for this lady's name depends solely upon an old rhyme, for which the 
neighborhood rather than the family were responsible, handed down through the retentive 
memory of the late Hon. James L. Petigru : 

" H — 11 of a wedding over the Ferry ; 
Charley Lowndes to Jeannie Perry." 

The ferry, in the neighborhood of which this old fashioned jollification seems to have 
taken place, was Parker's Ferry, on the Edisto river. 

f Plantations General, vol. 51, p. 63. 

"1725, Sept. 27th, Patent for Mr. Tho: Lowndes to be Provost Marshall, Clerk of the 
Peace and Clerk of the Crown in South Carolina." 

" KNOW all Men by these Presents, that We the true and absolute Lords Proprietors of 
Carolina, do hereby give and grant unto Thomas Lowndes, Gent., his Heirs and Assigns 



148 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, [April, 

After Mr. Lowndes retired from office and commenced the active practice 
of the law, he was elected a member of the Legislature. He carried 
as zealous a spirit of fidelity to the discharge of his duties into this assembly 
as he did to the conduct of his cases at the bar. By his untiring industry 
and impressive speech, no less than by his intellectual power and that 
spirit of absolute independence by which he was best known among the 
public men of his time, Mr. Lowndes soon rose to be Speaker of the House. 
He was also Justice of the Quorum. He discharged upon a writ of habeas 
corpus Powell, a printer of Charleston, who had been imprisoned by the 
Governor and Council. In 1766, he received from the Crown the appoint- 
ment of associate judge. 

On the 13th of May, 1766, he delivered the first judicial opinion rendered 
in America upon the Stamp Act, declaring it against common rights and the 
Constitution, and refusing to enforce it in his court. His rapid success at 
nisi prius, and his superior influence with juries, excited the enmity of Chief 
Justice Gordon, who laid before the Governor and Council charges of mis- 
behavior against him. He was, however, unanimously acquitted. In 1775, 
he was removed from the Bench under the prerogative of the Governor, owing 
to a letter of the Attorney General, Simpson, who was also Secretary to the 
Governor and Council, and thus in a position to have great influence with them. 
Simpson, who feared the impending troubles, shortly after returned to England. 
Mr. Lowndes's reputation as one of the Judges of the Province had, how- 
ever, become so well known in England, that, on information of his removal 
by the Colonial Authority, the Home Government appointed Gordon to a 
situation in Jamaica, and directed the commission of Chief Justice of South 
Carolina to be issued in favor of Mr. Lowndes. 

The Provincial Congress, as it was styled, called in defiance of the royal 
authority, met on the first of June, 1775. Henry Laurens was chosen 
President. A committee of safety was immediately appointed, which con- 
sisted of thirteen members who were vested with supreme power. Of this 

the Office and Place, and Offices and Places of Provost Marshall, Clerk of the Peace, and 
Clerk of the Crown of and in the Province of South Carolina in America, for the several 
and respective natural lives of the said Thomas Lowndes and Hugh Watson of the Middle 
Temple, Gent., to execute the same by the said Thomas Lowndes, his heirs and assigns, or 
by his or their sufficient Deputy or Deputies. And we do hereby authorize and impower 
the said Thomas Lowndes, His Heirs and Assigns to demand and receive take and enjoy all 
Salaries, Wages.Fees, Allowances, Profits, Perquisites, Travelling Charges, Bill Mony, Benefits, 
Immunities, Privileges, Advantages and Emoluments anywise incident or appertaining to 
the said Offices or Places or any of them in as ample and beneficial manner as any former 
Provost Marshall or Marshalls, Clerk of the Peace, and Clerk of the Crown of any other 
Province or Colony in America, have or hath used, had received or enjoyed. And Lastly 
We do hereby revoke and make void all former commissions granted for all or any of the 
said Offices or Places by us or by our Predecessors, or by any Governor or Governors of the 
said Province of South Carolina. Witness our hands and the seal of the said Province this 
twenty-seventh Da}' of September, Anno Domini, 1725. 

[Signed] Beaufort Jon. Tyrrell 

Craven Hen. Bertie 

Ja. Bertie J. Colleton." 

This patent was accompanied by the further grant to Thomas Lowndes of four baronies 
of land in the province, of twelve thousand acres each, by possession of which he became 
one of the original landgraves of the colony. When the government of Carolina was taken 
from the Lords Proprietors in 1729, Mr. Lowndes surrendered his patent, and in the following 
year received a renewal of it from the crown, under date 30th Nov. 1730. Hardly two 
months later, 11th Feb. 1731, Mr. Lowndes assigned it to George Morley, who soon after 
left England for Charleston, and assumed the duties of the office. In 1736, Morley returned 
to England, and on his nomination, Mr. Robert Hall was appointed to succeed him, and 
held the office, as we have seen, till his death. A temporary appointment was then given 
by the governor, Colonel Bull, to Mr. William Williamson, who held it till the 1st March, 
1742-3, when Rawlins Lowndes received his commission. 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 149 

committee Mr. Lowndes was chosen the third member, being preceded only 
by Mr. Laurens and Mr. Charles Pinckney. That he was influential in 
their debates may be seen in the following letter of Andrew Marvell to 
William Henry Drayton, written at 

" Charleston, Sunday, August 12th, 1775. 

" I have twice pushed hard for the ' Resolution for attaching Estates in 
case of Desertion/ but have not been lucky enough to get a second. The 
matter, however, is not rejected, only postponed. Rawlins postponator de- 
clares the resolution not proper to proceed from the Committee of South 
Carolina, and so arbitrary, that nothing but the Divan of Constantinople 
could think of promulgating such a law." 

He opposed the pretensions of the British Government, as violations of 
the rights of English subjects, and he was the first to denounce on the floor 
of the House the claim of taxation without parliamentary representation 
as the chief grievance of all. Yet while there were none in their atti- 
tude more bold than he in Carolina, he did not till the last abandon the hope 
of reconciliation with England. Either from his training as a lawyer, his 
position as a judge, and his peculiar means of ascertaining the temper of the 
friends of the Colonies in England, he had been led, as he stated later in 
life, to the belief that the early measures of hostility would lead to recon- 
ciliation and to the retirement of the British Ministry from their unfortunate 
position on colonial questions. 

His opposition to all harsh acts at this time and to the declaration of inde- 
pendence in the Colony was consistent with his uniform policy to oppose all 
measures that would tend to close the door to reconciliation, while there was 
yet a hope of success. A fortnight later, the last Royal Governor, Lord 
William Campbell, arrived to supersede Colonel William Bull. The Pro- 
vincial Congress made him an address which he refused to receive, as he did 
to recognize their existence. On the 16th of the following September, he 
fled to the British ship-of-war Tamar, carrying the great seal of the 
Colony. Six months later, on the twenty-fourth of March, 1776, South 
Carolina declared her independence of the British Crown, and Mr. Rut- 
ledge was elected President of the State. Mr. Lowndes, who had been one 
of the committee of eleven to devise a plan of government, was chosen a 
member of the legislative council. 

On the 10th of March, 1778, he succeeded to the Presidency of South 
Carolina, and was so formally proclaimed at the State House on that day, 
" under the discharge of the Artillery both from the Troops and Forts and 
the discharge of small arms."* He gave his approval to the Constitution 
of 1778, by which the power to reject a legislative act, the veto power, which 
had been vested in the Executive, was relinquished, and a subject of earnest 
contention in the State, since John Rutledge had rejected the first bill for a 
reformed constitution, was thus settled in favor of the representatives of the 
people. 

After the treaty of alliance between France and the United States had 
been concluded, the British Government sent the P^arl of Carlisle, Governor 
Johnstone, and Mr. Edenf to America, as commissioners authorized to offer 

* Letter of James Cannon to the Honorable George Boyle, Vice-President of the Com- 
monwealth of Pennsylvania, 14th March, 1778. 
f Ramsay, i. p. 293. 



150 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. [April, 

Congress a repeal of all those Acts of the Crown which had led the Colo- 
nies to declare their independence, and to threaten with the extreme penal- 
ties of war all those who should continue to prefer an alliance with France 
to a re-union with the mother country. The Commissioners, repelled by 
Congress, determined to address the people of each state, and sent a vessel 
under a flag into the port of Charleston, with their propositions separately 
addressed to the governor, the assembly, the military, the clergy, and the 
people of South Carolina. By order of President Lowndes, the vessel was 
detained in the roadstead, below the harbor, until the council was convened, 
and the chief men of each class of the people to whom these propositions 
were addressed, were assembled. When the letter of the Commissioners 
had been opened and read, a resolution was drawn up and unanimously 
voted requiring the flag-ship to immediately leave the waters of the State. 
President Lowndes accompanied the resolution with a stern reprimand of 
the attempt to violate the constitution of the country, by the offer to nego- 
tiate with the state in its separate capacity. 

As soon as it was known, towards the end of the year 1778, that the 
British authorities intended to transfer the seat of active hostilities to the 
southern states, President Lowndes laid a general embargo, and prohibited 
the sailing of vessels from any port of the State.* He ordered all live 
stock from the islands and exposed parts of the coast, to be transported 
inland, and sent an address to the Legislature calling upon them to take the 
most energetic measures for successful resistance. In that message, he said, 
u Our inveterate and obdurate enemy, foiled in the northern states, and by 
the valor and good conduct of the inhabitants compelled to abandon their 
hope of conquest there, have turned their arms more immediately against 
the southern states, in hopes of better success. They are now in possession 
of Savannah, the capital of Georgia, from whence, if not prevented, an easy 
transition may be made into this country. This situation of danger, gentle- 
men, calls for your most serious consideration. Our whole force and strength 
should be exerted to stop the progress of the enemy." 

President Lowndes gave to General Lincoln, who had been sent by Con- 
gress from the North to the command of the southern department, an earnest 
support, and exerted his official and private influence in vigilant and unre- 
mitted efforts for the defence of Charleston. 

In 1779, Mr. Lowndes was succeeded in the Presidency by John Rut- 
ledge. He shared, however, in the defence of Charleston, and was person- 
ally a heavy sufferer by the enemy's depredations along the coast and rivers, 
as he was obliged on one occasion to drive into Charleston, in his carriage 
hauled by a yoke of oxen, his horses having all been carried off by a sudden 
raid. 

On his retirement from the Presidency, he had been elected a member of 
the Senate from St. Bartholomew's, the parish he had before represented in 
the other House. Upon the declaration of peace, he was chosen to the 
Legislature as Representative from Charleston, and was continued in this 
position by reelection until the removal of the seat of government to Colum- 
bia led him to decline further service. 

The constitution of the United States, recommended by the general 
convention at Philadelphia, in 1787, was received by the legislature of South 
Carolina, and read before the House of Representatives on the 16th of 

* Ramsay, i. p. 296. 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 151 

January, 1788. It was debated for three days in Committee of the Whole — 
by Charles Pinckney, Gen. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, John Rutledge, 
and Pierce Butler, who had been delegates to the Federal Convention, — 
by the Speaker, John Julius Pringle, by Robert Barnwell, Edward Rutledge, 
Dr. David Ramsay the historian, all men of signal ability, the reputation 
of whose talents has long survived them, and all in favor of the constitution, 
and by Rawlins Lowndes alone on behalf the minority in opposition to it.* 
Among the discussions upon the adoption of the Constitution there is no 
debate more able, nor, in the light of history since, is there one more curious 
and interesting. Mr. Lowndes, who spoke four times, objected principally 
to the restrictions upon slavery, nor did he shrink as others did from saying 
so, — to the provisions which gave Congress power to regulate commerce, 
and to the centralization of power in the Federal Government. He concluded 
on the third day in these words : 

" I desire to thank the House for their very great indulgence in permitting 
me, on behalf of those members who have desired that I should fully express 
my sentiments, to debate it at such length. The vast importance of the 
subject will plead my excuse. I thank the gentlemen on the other side of 
the question for the candid and fair manner in which they have answered 
my arguments. Popularity is what I have never courted, but, on this issue, 
I have spoken merely to point out those dangers to which my fellow citizens 
are exposed, dangers so evident, that, when I cease to exist, I wish for no 
other epitaph than to have inscribed on my tomb, ' Here lies the man who 
opposed the Constitution, because it was ruinous to the liberty of America.' " 

When the question on the assembly of the convention to consider the 
Constitution was about to be put, Colonel James Mason, of Little River, by 
desire of the minority members of the House, rose and formally thanked Mr. 
Lowndes for his opposition. 

The Convention assembled on the 12th of May. Mr. Charles Pinckney 
opened the debate on the 14th, and on the 23d the Constitution was adopted 
by a vote of one hundred and forty members in its favor, to seventy-three 
in opposition. 

The debate in convention, however, attracted but little notice in the State, 
so thoroughly had the battle been fought in the legislature. The opponents 
of the Federal Constitution had lost by the refusal of Mr. Lowndes to stand 
for St. Bartholemews the leader of their party, nor could they furnish another 
to give dignity and interest to debate by a forcible presentation of such 
objections as had occurred to the ingenious and able reasoning of Mr. Lowndes. 

Many years ago, one who remembered him werl, contributed to a Southern 
journal his impressions of Mr. Lowndes's character and attainments to this 
effect. 

Possessed of a strong judgment, a clear, logical, and discriminating mind, 
he enforced his opinions, unmindful of their popularity, with strength and 
freedom. In a debate, at Charleston, when the question of the right of his 
constituents to instruct their representatives was under discussion in the 
House, he opposed it with vehemence and great force, declaring it to be a 
pretension which required representatives to suppress their own judgment 
and substitute that of others, and which renders their oath to discharge their 
duty according to their best judgment, a mere form and in effect a sham. 

Mr. Lowndes married, loth of August, 1748, Amarinthia, daughter of 
Thomas Elliott, of Rantoules, Stone River. Mrs. Lowndes died 14th of 

* Elliot's Debates, vol. iv. pp. 253-316. 



152 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina* [April, 

January, 1750, and was buried by the side of her parents at the cemetery 
near Rantoules. 

Mr. Lowndes married, 2d, December 23d, 1751, Mary, daughter of 

Cartwright, of Charleston. By this lady he had: 

i. Amarinthia, 7 b. July 29, 1754 ; m. Sept. 23, 1776, Rcger-Parker Sanders, 

Esq., and after his death, married, second, (Jhampney, Esq. 

ii. Mary, 7 b. Aug. 1755 ; d. unm. 

iii. .Rawlins, 7 b. November 5, 1757; d. in childhood. 

iv. Harriet, 7 m. Brown, and had : 

i. Lowndes, 8 who m. Margaretta Livingston, dau. of Hon. John-R. 
Livingston, third son of Judge Robert-R. Livingston, of New- 
York. By this marriage Mr. Lowndes Brown had : 
i. Harriet- Lowndes* who m. August, 1855, Henry, Baron 
Solwyns, of the Belgian Diplomatic Service. 

v. Sarah-Ruth, 7 b. 1764 ; m. Simmons; d. 1852. 

9. vi. Thomas, 7 b. January 22, 1766. 

10. vii. James, 7 b. , 1769. 

Mr. Lowndes married, third, Sarah, daughter of Jones, of Geor- 
gia, and had: 

11. viii. William 7 - Jones, b. Feb. 1782. 

By his success at the bar and by fortunate investments in land Mr. Lowndes 
left to his children large estates on the Ashley, Combahee, and Santee Rivers. 
He died in Charleston, 24 August, 1800, and was buried in St. Philip's 
Church. A few months later, his widow, while driving with her son, was 
thrown from a chaise and instantly killed. 

9. Thomas 7 Lowndes was educated in the city of Charleston, and at the 
family residence on the Ashley River. 

A child of seven years at the outbreak of the Revolution, he was old enough 
to fix in his memory as they occurred the entire succession of events which 
led the colonies from unheeded petitions for redress to their Declaration of 
Independence, and through a weary and painful war to an absolute union 
of independent States. He was already of age when he studied, as part of his 
preparation for the practice of law, those debates upon the new Constitution 
he may have heard in the old State House at Charleston, where his father 
had stood as the solitary speaker in opposition to an able and triumphant 
majority. Inheriting strong powers of mind, he cultivated in his youth that 
taste for English literature and the study of constitutional law, which has 
always largely characterized the best minds in the Southern States. Re- 
maining unmarried till, for those days, the somewhat ripe age of thirty-two, 
he met as guests at his father's table in town and country a long succession 
of men from the North and the South who had made their names illustrious 
in the public service, either in peace or war. He had been, too, an attentive 
listener to their interesting discussions upon the questions how best to build 
up a free Republic in the new world. He was thus by study, by acquaintance 
and by family tradition, no less than by the almost inevitable tendencies of 
the profession he had chosen as the recognized path to public life, a politician, 
familiar with the whole subject of national legislation, — like so many other 
leaders of opinion under the old order of things in the Carolinas, — and he 
fitted himself with care for his turn of duty, when the time determined in 
his own mind should come. 

In the autumn of 1800, a few months after his father's death, having 
already served in the Legislature of the State, he accepted from the Fede- 
ral party the nomination of Representative from the Charleston District to 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, 153 

the Seventh Congress. He took his seat at the opening of the first session 
on the 7th of December, 1801. On the next day he was appointed to the 
Committee of Commerce and Manufactures, and was prominent from that 
time in the discussions of the House. As early as Dec. 14th, almost in the 
first week of business, he spoke upon the resolution of inquiry into the 
conduct of Mr. Pickering when Secretary of State, and he took part in 
" an animated debate," — as the National Intelligencer of that day, more 
mindful for the dignity of Congress than are the public journals of our own 
time, described in language somewhat euphuistic a stormy scene, so often 
repeated afterwards on any sectional issue, — which occurred over an amend- 
ment to the Apportionment Bill providing that Maryland should be entitled to 
nine rather than eight representatives. The Intelligencer tells us that 
" a debate of the utmost dilatoriness took place. Much personal recrim- 
ination, chiefly on the charge of delay on the one side and precipitation on 
the other, was exchanged, which we think it our duty entirely to suppress." 

Mr. Lowndes on the 15th of March, 1802, opened the debate on the 
French Spoliation Claims, speaking in favor of their recognition, and urging 
prompt measures for their settlement. Little could he, or any statesman of 
that clay, foresee the uncertainties of legislation which the history of this 
measure was in itself to illustrate. Reported formally to Congress again 
and again by Committees, it finally passed both Houses only to become void 
by the refusal of the Executive's approval. Again revived and apparently not 
yet despaired of, these claims, now as old as the century, have already outlived 
three generations of public men. At the end of the long debate, in April, 
1802, in the Act providing for the redemption of the entire public debt of 
the United States, Mr. Lowndes was in the minority of nineteen members, 
all federals, who voted against the bill.* 

Constant in attendance upon the House, he was earnest and assiduous in 
committee, and though mingling often in debate, he was yet able to contribute 
to the discussion something of value in fact and much of weight in judgment, 
enforced as his sentiments always were by a natural eloquence, which had 
been carefully cultivated under the sound opinions then entertained by all 
educated men, who valued the study of oratory not as that of a graceful 
accomplishment, but as the mastery of an essential influence and tested power 
over the emotions and conduct of men. 

In the intervals between the sessions, Mr. Lowndes, accompanied by his 
family, visited the Northern States, and passed the summer in New England 
and the neighborhood of Boston. He was warmly welcomed by his politi- 
cal associates, and received much hospitality from them. An intimate ac- 
quaintance with many northern families was thus established, which was 
maintained with unvarying cordiality through life, and descended to his 
children. 

He resumed his seat at the Second Session, on the 13th of Decem- 
ber, 1802. On the 22d of that month, he spoke in the discussion on the: 
circulation of gold coin, which, owing to the erroneous valuation put by the 
statute upon the eagles and half eagles previously coined, below their metallic 
worth, had led to their being everywhere hoarded. In the long debate on 
the 6th of January, 1803, on the cession by Spain of Louisiana to France, 
he was early upon the floor, urging with force the proposed call upon the 
Executive for the precise facts of the transaction which had been withheld 
from Congress. 

* National Intelligencer, 14th April, 1802. 
VOL. XXX. 13 



154 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. [April, 

Mr. Lowndes was re-chosen to the Eighth Congress, and took his 
seat in the House on the 29th of October, 1803. He spoke, on the 6th 
and 8th of the following December, on the constitutional amendment rela- 
tive to the method of election of President and Vice-President, in favor of 
postponement till after the ensuing election, and again on the 6th of January, 
1804, in opposition to the proposed impeachment of Samuel Chase, a Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court, who was tried a few months later by the Senate, 
and acquitted. 

At their session of this year, the Legislature of South Carolina had 
passed an act repealing all restrictions upon the importation of slaves. The 
subject early attracted the attention of Congress, and on Tuesday, 14th of 
February, as will be seen from the following extract from the debates, 
the following motion by Mr. Bard, of Pennsylvania, was taken into con- 
sideration in Committee of the Whole. 

" Resolved, that a tax of ten dollars be imposed upon every slave imported 
into any part of the United States." 

On motion of Mr. Jackson, it was agreed to add after the words United 
States, " or their territories." 

Mr. Lowndes. " I will trespass a very short time upon the attention 
of the House at this stage of the business, but as I have objections to the 
resolution, it may be proper that I should state them now. I will do so 
briefly, reserving to myself the privilege of giving my opinion more at 
length when the bill is before the House, should the resolution be adopted, 
and a bill brought in. I am sorry, Mr. Speaker, to find that the conduct of 
the Legislature of South Carolina, in repealing its law prohibitory of the 
importation of negroes, has excited so much dissatisfaction and resentment 
as I find it has done with the greater part of this House. If gentlemen 
will take a dispassionate review of the circumstances under which the repeal 
was made, I think this dissatisfaction and resentment will be removed, and 
I should indulge the hope that this contemplated tax will not be imposed. 
Antecedent to the adoption of the constitution under which we now act, 
the Legislature of South Carolina passed an act prohibiting the importation 
of negroes from Africa, and sanctioned it by severe penalties, — I speak from 
recollection, but I believe not less than the forfeiture of the negro and a 
fine of one hundred pounds sterling for each brought into the State. This 
act has been in force until it was repealed by the Legislature at their last 
session* * * * * * 

" The law was completely evaded, and for the last year or two, Africans 
were introduced into the country in numbers little short, I believe, of what 
they would have been had the trade been a legal one. Under the circum- 
stances, Sir, it appears to me to have been the duty of the Legislature to 
repeal the law, and remove from the eyes of the people the spectacle of its 
authority daily violated. 

" I beg, Sir, that from what I have said, it may not be inferred that I am 
friendly to a continuation of the slave trade. I wish the time had arrived 
when Congress could legislate conclusively upon the subject. I should then 
have the satisfaction of uniting with the gentleman from Pennsylvania who 
moved the resolution. Whenever it does arrive, should I then have a seat 
in this House, I assure him I will cordially support him in obtaining his 
object. But, Mr. Speaker, I cannot vote for this resolution, because I am 
sure it is not calculated to promote the object which it has in view. I am 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 155 

convinced that the tax of ten dollars will not prevent the introduction into 
the country of a single slave. * * * * The gentleman from Pennsylvania, 
and those who think with him, ought, above all others, to deprecate the 
passing of this resolution. It appears to me to be directly calculated to 
defeat their own object, — to give to what they wish to discountenance a 
legislative sanction, and, further, an interest to the government to permit 
this trade after it might constitutionally terminate it. When I say that I 
am myself unfriendly to it, I do not wish, Mr. Speaker, to be misunderstood ; 
I do not mean to convey the idea that the people of the Southern States are 
universally opposed to it — I know the fact to be otherwise. Many of the 
people in the Southern States feel an interest in it, and will yield it with 
reluctance. Their interest will be strengthened by the immense accession 
of territory to the United States by the cession of Louisiana. ****** 
" My greatest objection to this tax is, Mr. Speaker, that it will fall ex- 
clusively upon the agriculture of the State of which I am one of the Repre- 
sentatives. However odious it may be to some gentlemen, and however desir- 
ous they may be of discountenancing it, I think it must be evident that this tax 
will not effect their object ; that it will not be a discouragement to the trade, 
nor will the introduction of a single African into the country be prevented. 
The only result will be that it will produce a revenue to the government. 
I trust that no gentleman is desirous of establishing this tax with a view to 
revenue. The State of South Carolina contributes as largely to the revenue 
of the United States, for its population and wealth, as any state in the 
Union. To impose a tax falling exclusively on her agriculture would be 
the height of injustice, and I hope that the Representatives of the landed 
interest of the nation will resist every measure, however general in its ap- 
pearance, a tendency of which is to lay a partial and unequal tax upon 
agriculture." 

Mr. Bedinger. " The gentleman from South Carolina has so fully 
expressed the opinions I entertain, I shall say but little. Every one who 
knows my opinions on slavery, may think it strange that I shall give my 
vote against the resolution. There is no member on this floor more inimical 
to slavery than I am, yet I am of opinion that the effect of the present reso- 
lution, if adopted, will be injurious. I shall, therefore, vote against it." 

When on Friday, February 17th, the third day of the debate, the House 
resumed the discussion of the bill, Mr. Lowndes rose, and after a rapid re- 
view of the subject, moved that its further consideration be postponed till 
the following December. By an amendment, the bill was set down for the 
second Monday in March, and thus the same end was accomplished, as the 
House did not sit on that day. 

Upon the issue of this debate, Mr. Benton* remarks, "To prevent an 
erroneous impression being made upon the public by the above proceedings, 
it is proper to remark, that, during the whole discussion, not a single voice 
was raised in defence of the act of the Legislature of South Carolina, al- 
lowing the importation of slaves, but that, on the contrary, while by some 
of the speakers its immorality and impolicy were severely censured, by all 
its existence was deprecated. A large number of those who voted for the 
postponement, advocated it on the express and sole ground that it would give 
the Legislature of South Carolina an opportunity, which they believed 
would be embraced, to repeal the Act." 

* Abridgment of Debates, iii. p. 142. 



156 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, [April, 

Just three years later, the question was definitely settled by Congress. 
On the 13th of February, 1807, the House passed the Senate bill, prohibit- 
ing the importation of slaves by a vote of one hundred and thirteen mem- 
bers in favor over five in opposition, — and this slender, indeed nominal, 
minority were members from both free and slave states, who dissented only 
upon matters of detail, so that, as Mr. Benton observes,* " the prohibition 
of the trade may be deemed unanimous." 

Mr. Lowndes passed the summer at the North and in the neighborhood 
of Philadelphia. He did not reach Washington till the 6th of November 
following, after the second session of Congress had commenced, and had thus 
not been in his place when the Committees of the House were appointed ; 
but, a fortnight later, on the announcement of the resignation of Mr. 
Samuel L. Mitchell, chairman of the Committee on Commerce, who had 
been appointed by the Legislature of New York a Senator of the United 
States, it was Ordered, " That Mr. Lowndes be appointed chairman of 
the Committee of Commerce and Manufactures," &c. &c. He thus 
returned to his old place on the Committee to which he had been first 
appointed on his entry to the House. 

He spoke for the last time in Congress, on the 13th of December, against 
a bill to regulate and permit the clearance of private armed vessels. His 
speech, though brief, was marked by the same quick, ready and logical rea- 
soning which had always characterized his appearance in debate. He left 
Washington on the 6th of March, 1805, and, failing to obtain his reelection 
to Congress on the general overthrow of the Federal party in the South, 
retired to private life. He continued, however, a steadfast adherent to the 
principles of his party, and earnestly supported John Quincy Adams, when 
nominated for the presidency against Andrew Jackson. He often remarked, 
in allusion to the brilliant political career of his brother, William Lowndes, 
that coming as a Republican later into public life than himself, his brother 
differed from him in no essential principle of his political faith. 

Mr. Lowndes never resumed the practice of the law. He devoted 
the remainder of his days to the education of his family, and care 
of his large estates, and especially the cultivation of his plantation Oak- 
land, on the Combahee river. He passed a portion of each year at his 
residence in Charleston. He entertained both in town and country, with 
the cordial hospitality characteristic of the manners of the period, and his 
conspicuous social station. His house was the resort, as his father's had 
been before him, of distinguished citizens of the State. An occasional 
journey to the North, where two of his children had married, enabled 
him to continue those friendships which he had formed when in the public 
service. 

Mr. Lowndes married on the 8th of March, 1798, Sarah Bond, daughter 
of Richard Ion, Esquire, of Springfield, St. James, Santee. 

By this lady, who united great charm of manner to a handsome and dis- 
tinguished presence, and whose portrait by Gilbert Stuart has been ranked 
among the most successful of all his pictures of women, as it was the favor- 
ite of the artist himself, Mr. Lowndes had : 

i. Rawlins, 8 b. May 28, 1789 ; d. October, 1800. 

ii. Mary-Ion, 8 b. August 1, 1800; m. March 12, 1816, to Frederic Kin- 
loch, of Charleston, and had issue: 

* Abridgment of Debates, iii. p. 519. 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 157 

i. Martha-Rutledge, 9 b. April 28, 1818 ; m. Matthew Singleton. 
ii. Thomas-Lowndes, 9 b. January 3, 1820; d. unm. 
iii. Cleland, 9 b. October 6, 1823. 

12. iii. Rawlins, 8 b. September 1, 1801. 

13. iv. Thomas, 8 b. June 26, 1803, at New-Haven, Conn. 

v. Jacob-Ion, 8 b. Sept. 19, 1804, at Philadelphia; d. February 7, 1829, 
unm. 

14. vi. William-Price, 8 b. Sept. 21, 1806. 

15. vii. Charles-Tidyman, 8 b. June 28, 1808. 

viii. Edward-Tilghman, 8 b. January 15, 1810; d. July, 1837, and was bu- 
ried in Georgetown, South Carolina. 

ix. Harriett, 8 b. January 18, 1812 ; m. February 3, 1831, the Hon. Wil- 
liam Aiken, proprietor of Jehossee Island, Governor of South Caroli- 
na 1844-46, a member ot Congress from 1851 to 1857, and has : 
i. Henrietta, 9 who m. Burnett Rhett, Esq., and has issue. 

x. Carollne-Huger, 8 b. Sept. 25, 1813 ; d. Sept. 8, 1817. 

16. xi. Richard-Henry, 8 b. March 4, 1815. 

Mr. Lowndes died in Charleston, on the 8th July, 1843. He had sur- 
vived his wife less than three years, as Mrs. Lowndes had died 7th October, 
1840. 

10. James 7 Lowndes, m. Catherine Osborne, and by her had issue : 

i. Thomas, 8 b. 1801 ; m. 1824, Elizabeth Wragg, dau. of William-Lough- 
ton Smith. 

ii. Amarinthia, 8 b. 1803 ; m. 1834, Lewis Morris, and had : 

i. Elizabeth, 9 died unm. 

ii. Lewis. 9 

Mrs. Morris died 1843. 
iii. James, 8 b. 1806 ; d. unm. 1838. 

17. iv. Edward Rutledge, 8 b. 1809; m. 1833, ; d. 1853. 

v. Julia, 8 b. 1811 ; m. 1830, W. Brisbane, and had : 

i. Mary, 9 m. Hickok. 

ii. Julia, 9 m. R. Rhett. 

iii. Ruth, 9 m. Colden Tracy. 

iv. Catherine-Osborne, 9 ni. Charles Davis. 

v. Amarinthia. 9 

vi. William. 9 

vii. James. 9 

Mrs. Brisbane died 1847. 
vi. Willtam, 8 b. 1817 ; m. 1841, Mary Middleton, and had issue : 

i. Harriet-Kinloch. 9 

ii. Mary-Amarinthia. 9 

Mr. Lowndes died 1865. 

Mr. Lowndes died 1839. 

11. William 7 Lowndes, as he is usually styled, since he never used 
his second baptismal name, was taken by his mother, in his seventh year, to 
England, and placed at the school of Mr. John Savage, at Brompton Grove. 
The first glimpse of him in England, is obtained in a letter from Mr. Savage 
to Mr. Rawlins Lowndes, at Charleston, written in the month of December, 
1790. The son's progress was spoken of in cordial approval, and as equal 
to his father's anticipations. This favorite report was, unhappily, soon fol- 
lowed by one of a different nature, which carried the news of a singular 
and most unfortunate occurrence to the little boy. After a fatiguing game 
with his playmates, one day during the heavy snows of the winter of 1791, 
he sat down to rest by a drift of snow and soon fell fast asleep. He was there 
left unnoticed by his companions, aud was not thought of by them till his 
unexplained absence, on their return to school, caused a search to be made 

vol. xxx. 13* 



158 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, [April, 

for him. He was brought back alive, yet so thoroughly benumbed with 
cold, that, despite the remedies which were at once given to him, he only 
escaped with life after a long and severe attack of inflammatory rheuma- 
tism. His health, on convalescence, was found to be so seriously affected, 
that a return to his home and the warm climate of Carolina was pronounced 
necessary by the physician of the school. Nor was this opinion ill founded, 
for, during the remainder of his boyhood, cut off from its sports, he struggled 
against a constitution permanently impaired. 

On his return home, he was sent to a school in Charleston, long famous 
in the South, — the joint establishment of three divines — Dr. Simon Felix 
Gallagher, a Roman Catholic, Dr. Beust, a Presbyterian, and Dr. Purcell, 
an Episcopalian. Dr. Gallagher was a man of great ability and learning, 
and young Lowndes soon showed how quick, capacious, and retentive was 
his mind. His memory was such that he could repeat long passages of 
poetry after a single reading. His progress in his studies was most rapid, 
and seemed to his schoolmates, as they were wont to say in after life, and 
in warm remembrance of him, absolutely marvellous.* He remained 
under Dr. Gallagher's charge more than five years, when the teacher at 
length said of his pupil, that u his mind had drank up knowledge as the dry 
earth did the rain from heaven, — that he had learned all that his teacher 
could impart to him, and that he must thenceforth depend on his own guid- 
ance for further progress." The pupil was but fifteen. He joined at this 
time a youth's debating society, and was soon conspicuous for his fluency 
and readiness in debate. It was remembered .of him, afterward, that all 
his written essays, while at school, had been deemed by the instructors re- 
markable for their merit. He had, too, some talent for versification, and 
translated the Odes of Horace into English verse. 

His father watched with pride the rapid progress of this child of his old 
age. Guided by him, the son pursued his studies from an early period, to 
fit himself for a political career ; yet his peculiar desire for information, 
based, perhaps insensibly, upon an instinctive confidence in his own large 
capacity for knowledge, seems to have led him into wider paths of learning 
than were usually entered by those who aspired to political distinction. He 
had studied the writings of La Place as they appeared, and had attained 
sufficient proficiency in Greek to correspond years afterwards upon the prin- 
ciples of its pronunciation. He continued to read, uuder the influence and 
suggestion of Dr. Gallagher, until he entered the law office of De Saussure, 
at a later period Chancellor of the State. 

Mr. Lowndes was, at this time, conspicuous in society, fond of gaiety, and 
had some tastes unusual in one of his studious mind. He was fond of horses, 
and eager in his desire to improve the breed in Carolina. He had, too, a 
strong infusion of military zeal, and, a few years later, on the formation of 
the Washington Light Infantry was chosen its first commander.f He was 
fairly entitled to the distinction; he was head and shoulders taller than his 
men. At the time of his marriage to Miss Pinckney in 1804, he was hardly 
more than twenty years of age. As soon as he felt able to practise, he 
was admitted to the Charleston Bar. He applied to Mr. Cogdell, then City 
Attorney, for permission to enter his office and assist him, without recom- 

* Mr. Fraser to Mr. Ravenel. 

t This company still exists, and enjoys a conspicuous and honorable position among the 
widely known militia organizations of the Union. Its visit to Boston at the celebration of 
the 17th of June, 1875, was a distinct feature in the occurrences of that day. 



1876. J The Lowndes Famihj of South Carolina. 159 

pense, in its duties.* This proposal was generously refused by Mr. Cogdell, 
who offered him in turn a partnership on equal terms. The offer was 
accepted, and in March, 1804, the two gentlemen commenced practice 
together as law partners. The firm, however, did not continue long, for at 
the end of the following September, a severe storm raged over the whole 
of the lower country, and did much damage to the plantations, especially to 
the rice harvest. When Mr. Lowndes learned that his own valuable plan- 
tation had been well nigh ruined by the rains and winds, he felt obliged to go 
to it at once and direct in person the slow work of restoration. In taking 
leave of his partner, he modestly regretted that he had been of so little 
service to him. 

As he had never intended to pursue the practice of law as his profession 
in life, but rather to acquire the power to use it as a means to an end in the 
work of sound legislation, so he never returned to it. As early as 1806 he 
was engaged in the discussion of a subject, connected with international 
law, which bore directly upon the political questions of the day. England 
was then at war with France and her tributary states, and she had sought 
help in the great struggle by a grave violation of neutral rights. Her 
merchants, who had seen with alarm that the maritime trade of Europe 
was bestowing immense profits upon the commerce of America, made bitter 
and indignant complaint to Pitt. He speedily determined that neutral trade 
should cease. An interdict, by the issue of new orders in council, was put 
upon it, and American vessels with their cargoes were seized and confiscated. 
To support its action, the British ministry called at this time into its service 
able pamphleteers, and, among their productions, there was one of great 
influence and power, which attained a wide circulation, entitled " War in 
Disguise." It was ascribed at first by some to Canning, by others to James 
Stephens, a lawyer of great ability, who was, in fact, its author. It was an 
ingenious and eloquent attempt to show that neutral trade was in effect the 
maintenance of war against England, and of all the political productions of 
the time was the best designed and fitted to make quick mischief between two 
countries peopled by the same race. The claims of England were discussed 
by Mr. Lowndes in a series of thirteen papers, which appeared in the 
Charleston Courier over the signature of "A Planter," in the spring and 
summer of 1806. They were written with great clearness of language and 
force of reasoning; considered as the production of a very young man, 
they were not unworthy of the author's later high reputation. They indicated 
the tendency of his mind to political discussion, and, in a larger view, the 
turn of thought and sentiment which was nerving the South to overcome 
all resistance to a declaration of war with England. These papers procured 
for their writer an election to the general assembly of the State from the 
Parish of St. Bartholomews' in the autumn of 1806. 

Mr. Lowndes began his political career under some light shadows of 
annoyance in social life, for he supported, with a few other young men of his 
class, the Republican Party and the political principles of Jefferson. The 
old Federal leaders of the day were the recognized heads of society, and 
they resented the defection of their juniors as a revolt from sound principles 
and just authority. Every social influence was brought to bear upon young 
men of such striking promise as William Lowndes, Langdon Cheves and 
Joseph Allston, and compel their return to the Federal fold. Deaf to the 

* E.S.Thomas, " Reminiscences of sixty-five years," i. p. 104. 



160 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, [April, 

persuasion of their elders, these young gentlemen soon found that the 
principles they openly avowed caused them to be looked upon with aversion 
and distrust by the Federal authorities, and shut them out from much of the 
gaiety of town and country life. It was during the service of Mr. Lowndes 
in the Legislature, from 1806 to 1810, that the change was made in the 
basis of representation in the State, which lasted down to the abolition of 
slavery. 

The constitutions of 1776 and 1778 had apportioned the representation 
arbitrarily, and upon the basis of wealth alone. As the upper country increas- 
ed in population, a change became necessary, and, in 1809, the Legislature 
passed an act, providing that one half of the members of the lower house 
should be elected on the basis of population, and the other half on the basis 
of wealth. 

The history of all measures of political reform has shown how difficult 
it is to take the first steps, and how easy the solution of the riddle afterwards 
appears when the details of the question have been matured, and its various 
issues turned into one comprehensive measure. It then becomes a matter 
of some interest to know who was the author of the system of representation 
which served its purpose so well in South Carolina for more than fifty years, 
and secured her, by the ability and character of her congressional reputation, 
and the honest and dignified administration of her domestic concerns, so 
great an influence among her sister states. The authorship of the amend- 
ment has been attributed by some to Col. Blanding, and by others to Mr. 
Lowndes. Both were on the committee who reported it, but the original 
manuscript, interlined and corrected, was in the hand-writing of Mr. Lowndes* 

The political nominations of 1810 were canvassed with an especial refer- 
ence to the attitude of candidates upon the all important question of the 
apprehended war with Great Britain. Mr. Lowndes's views were already 
well known from his letters to the Charleston Courier in 1806. He had no 
confidence in the shifts and expedients, the Embargo and Non-intercourse 
Acts of a former administration. He regarded them rather as the illusory 
schemes of a philosopher, than as the measures of a clearsighted statesman. 
The commerce they were created to defend, they tended in reality to destroy. 
The encroachments of England on Neutral Rights had continued in face of 
such enactments to increase, and had culminated at last on the attack of a 
British man-of-war on an American frigate in our own waters, in the 
summer of 1807. 

* The late Mr. Francis J. Grayson made the question of the authorship of this amend- 
ment a subject of careful study, and wrote upon it an elaborate note, in which he reviewed 
the various arguments from time to time put forth in Carolina on behalf of the friends of 
Mr. Lowndes and Col. Blanding. His conclusions were wholly in favor of the claims of the 
former, and one of his reasons is so entirely in accordance with the conditions of the 
measure at the time it was under debate, previous to its passage, as to deserve great weight. 

Mr. Grayson was of opinion, that there was at that time a desire that Col. Blanding should 
be regarded as the head of the movement. It was important to conciliate the upper and 
middle country. It conduced " to this end that the measure should have the approbation of a 
judicious member from that quarter. Colonel Blanding was the man, less connected than 
any other with the conflicting parties of the State and commanding the confidence of all. 
He was willing to lend his aid to the proposed change, was put forward for that end, and 
gave his help in a mode that necessarily connected his name with it before the people." 

The reason here given is one that in its very nature would have occasioned great reserve 
on the part of Mr. Lowndes and his friends, and such as would prevent not only any recog- 
nition of his connection with the movement, but would even lead its friends to obtain the 
leadership of one who represented as distinctively, as did Col. Blanding, the other sections 
of the state. Yet it was due to Mr. Lowndes and to his subsequent distinguished reputation 
that the evidence of his claims should be preserved, and the declaration of Judge Huger, 
his colleague in the Legislature, who spoke from personal knowledge, and declared to Mr. 
Grayson that Lowndes and not Blanding was the author, be authoritatively noted as it fell 
from his lips. 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, 161 

The pride of the American people had been then touched to the quick. 
In vain had Mr. Canning offered instant and ample apologies, — for it had 
been every where felt among the young, the bold, and the aspiring, that the 
very fact that such an occasion for apology should exist was in itself a 
disgrace. It was in this condition of the Southern mind that Mr. Lowndes 
received the nomination of the Republicans of the Beaufort and Colleton 
District, as Representative to the Twelfth Congress. He was elected in 
1810, and took his seat in obedience to the executive proclamation, in the 
early assembly of the House, on the 4th of November, 1811. South Caro- 
lina has neither before nor since introduced to the national service three such 
able men as William Lowndes, John C. Calhoun, and Langdon Cheves, 
whom she sent to Washington at this time — as new and untried members. 

It was not in the nature of Mr. Lowndes to rush into the arena of debate 
with that eager haste for distinction, so often seen, since it is so natural to 
men of an acquired local reputation. He was master of himself and felt 
he could bide the worthy subject and the proper time. He had been named 
by the Speaker, Mr. Clay, second on the Committee of Commerce and 
Manufactures, a position which at once gave him influence in those days in 
shaping the business of the session. He was earnest and diligent in the 
advancement of all the measures of preparation for war, and made his first 
speech, 4th of January, 1812, in the support of the bill to provide an 
additional military force, by an addition to the army of twenty-thousand 
men, and he immediately followed it with another in support of an increase 
of the naval establishment, voting on this question during the long debate 
upon it for every amendment in favor of an heavy increase to our vessels of 
War, more than once finding himself upon the record in company with the 
Federalists under the lead of Josiah Quincy, rather than with his own party. 

The war spirit continued to increase in and out of Congress, despite the 
opinions of the older and more cautious politicians who were averse to it, 
and who had, in their opposition, the undivided support of the Executive 
and the Cabinet. Madison, indeed, viewed a declaration of war with no 
favor, and only gave at last to the deputation of his political supporters 
who, with Clay at their head, waited upon him in a body, and demanded it 
as the necessary condition of his renomination to the Presidency, a timid 
and reluctant assent. 

When the House re-assembled on the 2nd of November, 1812, Mr. 
Lowndes, who had already been elected to the ensuing Congress, was 
appointed to the Committee of Military Affairs, on which he served 
throughout the session as a zealous supporter of the war. He received in 
consequence, on the assembling of the Thirteenth Congress, 13th of December, 
1813, the appointment of Chairman of Committee on Naval Affairs, and on 
the 4th of January following, having reported a resolution of honors to the 
Navy, made in support of it a speech, brief, yet so eloquent and stirring that 
it was received and read with enthusiasm in every part of the country. Nor 
can this kindling address, so happily conceived and so forcibly delivered, be 
read to-day without emotion. It deserves, too, an especial attention from the 
extensive popularity it.gave to its author. Mr. Lowndes spoke as follows: 

" I should be inexcusable if I were long to detain the committee from 
the vote — I hope the unanimous vote — which they are prepared to give 
upon the resolutions. The victories to which they refer are, indeed, of 
unequal magnitude and importance ; but the least important of them, if 
it had been obtained by the subjects of any government on the continent 



162 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. [April, 

of Europe, would have been heard with admiration and rewarded with 
munificence. I refer to the action between the Enterprise and the Boxer, 
from which the public eye appears to be withdrawn by the greater 
magnitude and the confessedly superior splendor of a more recent victory. 
* # # Although Lieut. Burroughs was mortally wounded early in the 
action, yet the skill and gallantry with which he commenced it, leave no 
doubt that if he had been longer spared to the wishes and wants of his 
country, the same brilliant result would have been obtained under his com- 
mand ; while the ability, with which Lieut. McCall continued and complet- 
ed the contest, assures to him as distinguished a fame as if he had carried 
the vessel into action. The loss of a commander, indeed, may fairly be 
considered as rendering a victory more honorable to a successor, because it 
must render it more difficult : it may be expected to confuse, though it may 
not depress. 

" Of the victory of Lake Erie it is impossible for me to speak in terms 
which will convey any adequate conception of its importance, of the un- 
rivalled excellence of the officers, and of the gratitude of the country. 

" The documents referred to the committee sufficiently prove that superi- 
ority of force on the part of the enemy which would have insured their vic- 
tory, if it were not the appropriate character of military genius to refute the 
calculations which rely on the superiority of force. Nor was the victory 
obtained over an unskilful and pusillanimous enemy. The English officers 
were brave and experienced, and the slaughter on board their vessels before 
they were surrendered, sufficiently attests the bravery of their seamen. 
They were skilful officers subdued by the ascendency of still superior skill. 

" There was one characteristic of this action which seems to me so strongly 
to distinguish it, that I cannot forbear to ask the attention of the commit- 
tee to it for a few moments. I know no instance in naval or military 
history, in which the success of the contest appeared so obviously to result 
from the personal act of the commander as in this. When the crew of Capt. 
Perry's vessel lay bleeding around him; when his ship was a defenceless 
hospital, if he had wanted — not courage, which in an American officer forms 
no distinction — but if he had wanted that fertility of resource which ex- 
tracts from disaster the means of success and glory, I do not say, if he had 
surrendered his ship, but if he had obstinately defended her, if he had gone 
down wrapped in his flag ; if he had pursued any other conduct than that 
which he did pursue, his associates might have emulated his desperate 
courage, but they must have shared his fate. The battle was lost. 

" Now examine any other victory, however brilliant. If, in the battle of 
the Nile, Lord Nelson had fallen even by the first fire, does any man believe 
that it would have affected the result of the contest ? In the battle of Tra- 
falgar he did fall, and Victory never for a moment fluttered from what was 
then her chosen eyrie — the British mast. And, not only in this view 
was the victory of Capt. Perry unrivalled, but in the importance even of 
its immediate consequences. I know none in the modern history of naval 
warfare that can be compared with it. An important territory immediately 
rescued from the grasp of English power — uppermost, Canada conquered, 
or prepared for conquest ; an ocean secured from the intrusion of every 
foreign flag ; a frontier of a thousand miles relieved from the hostility of 
the most dreadful foe that civilized man has ever known ! Nay, further, 
Capt. Perry and his gallant associates have not only given us victory in one 
quarter, but shown us how to obtain it in another yet more important. 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 163 

How deep is now the impression on every mind that we want but ships to 
give our fleet on the Atlantic the success which has hitherto attended our 
single vessels ! We want but ships. We want then but time. Never had a 
nation, when first obliged to engage in the defence of naval rights by naval 
means-— never had such a nation the advantages or the success of ours. The 
naval glory of other States has risen by continued effort — by slow gradation ; 
that of the United States, almost without a dawn, has burst upon the world 
in all the sudden splendor of a tropical day. To such men we can do no 
honor. All records of the present time must be lost, — history must be a 
fable or a blank, — or their fame is secure. To the naval character of the 
country our votes can do no honor, but we may secure ourselves from the 
imputation of insensibility to its merit — we can at least express our admira- 
tion and our gratitude." 

The first measure of importance brought up. at this session had been the 
new and stringent Embargo Act. It became a law on the 17th of Decem- 
ber, and provided for a strict embargo until the 1st of January, 1815, un- 
less hostilities ceased meanwhile. The news of the battle of Leipsic and 
Napoleon's retreat across the Rhine, which was made known just before 
new-year's day, 1814, caused an immediate agitation in favor of its repeal by 
all who were in favor of peace, and who dreaded the advent of English 
armies in Canada, when released from service in Europe by the fall of 
Napoleon then thought -to be imminent. Lord Castlereagh had at the same 
time written to Monroe, then Secretary of State, to express the willing- 
ness of the British government to treat for peace. Nor was it long before 
the embargo act was found to injure the country, whose commerce it para- 
lyzed, and not the enemy, who had accumulated provisions for a whole year 
in advance. On the 14th of April, such was the pressure of the peace party, 
acting in concert with leading members who supported Mr. Lowndes in his 
opposition to any restrictions upon commerce, that the Act was repealed 
hardly four months after its passage. 

The bills which were passed under Mr. Lowndes's influence at this ses- 
sion were laws — in aid of the naval establishment and the general system of 
national defence ; to authorize an increase of the marine corps, and the con- 
struction of floating batteries ; to allow rank to be bestowed on naval offi- 
cers for distinguished conduct ; to provide for the appointment of flotilla 
officers, for bounties for prisoners captured on the high seas and brought 
into port, and for pensions for the widows and children of those who were 
slain in action. 

Although the treaty between England and the United States had been 
signed on the 24th of December, 1814, the despatches of our Commissioners 
did not reach America, as is well known, till the 11th of the following 
February, more than a month after the battle of New-Orleans. As fast as 
the news of peace was made known, the sound of rejoicings everywhere 
filled the air, and the roads leading into the large cities were alive with 
people hurrying to behold illuminations or to listen to the congratulations 
of party leaders. 

The war had never been popular, for the sufferings and hardships it en- 
tailed had caused the grievances which led to it to be so far overlooked, that 
there were very few to grumble at their relinquishment by President Madi- 
son, in the final instructions to the American Commissioners. The country, 
however, soon saw and clearly understood that the reestablishment of peace 
in Europe had removed that intense strain upon the resources of England 



164 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. [April, 

which had caused its government to wink at the impressment of seamen 
from vessels belonging to the United States and the consequent dishonor 
to their flag. The American army had got no great amount of glory by 
the war, but had rather given promise of future distinction by its gal- 
lantry at Chippewa and its steadiness at Lundy's Lane. The navy had 
carried off the honors of the struggle, and was the popular arm of the ser- 
vice. Congressmen and politicians who had labored for it and supported it 
acquired an undoubted hold upon the favor of the people. They were well 
nigh the only class of public men who did. 

Nor was England less willing to negotiate ; for there had been from the 
outset a large party in the mother country, who, like the Federalists of the 
North, welcomed the treaty as " the conclusion of a destructive war which 
wisdom and temper might have entirely prevented." * 

The unwise project of invasion had been tried upon the northern and 
southern border of the union, and had failed through the victory of 
McDonough on Lake Champlain and Jackson at New-Orleans. While the 
defence of Canada and her supremacy upon the ocean were possible to Eng- 
land from the abundance and character of her resources, yet so distant was 
the scene of war, that she could only maintain hostilities at an enormous 
expenditure. Both countries desired peace so equally, that when peace was 
made, the contemporary historian wrote of the provisions of the treaty that 
"not the least notice was taken of any of the points at issue on the com- 
mencement of the war and which were the occasion of it; so that the con- 
tinuance of peace must depend either upon the absence of those circumstances 
which produced the disputes, or upon a spirit of reciprocal moderation and 
conciliation, the desirable fruit of dear-bought experience." f 

In place of the circumstances which led to the dispute, a wise spirit of 
conciliation has arisen among the educated statesmen of either country, which 
is gradually spreading among the people of both nations, leading to a study 
of their independent as well as their long common histories, and removing 
many of the misconceptions which had naturally sprung into existence, like 
baneful weeds in neglected ground, between two branches of the same race 
so long widely separated, and whose only intercourse had been on little other 
than cold or hostile terms. 

While there were some among the public men who brought about the war, 
who suffered in popular opinion, it was the good fortune of Mr. Lowndes, 
from his diligence as chairman of the Naval Committee of the House, and his 
identification thereby, as it were, with the navy itself, to increase his repu- 
tation and strengthen the favor in which his name was held. 

On the 4th of December, 1815, Mr. Lowndes was placed at the head of 
the Committee of Ways and Means. He served as its chairman for three 
years, and until he staid away from Washington, in November, 1818, in 
order to avoid, reappointment, not taking his seat until the second week of 
the session. $ 

He voted for the reestablishment of the United States Bank when the 
measure was carried by the Republican adoption of the Federal argument 
that it was a necessary financial instrument of the government. Few ques- 
tions have produced such violent controversy. The first bank had only re- 
ceived the approval of Washington, when the federal party was prepared to 

* Annual Register, vol. 57, p. 123. 

f Ibid, p. 124. 

X Memoirs J. Q. Adams, iv. p. 174. 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, 164 a 

pass it over his veto.* The Republican party which had abolished it as un- 
constitutional, were subsequently led by the embarrassments of the govern- 
ment during the war, the disorder of the currency, and the difficulty of 
taxation, to reverse their opinions and to regard its restoration as indis- 
pensable. At a later period, Mr. Lowndes, who had constantly supported 
the bank, defended its refusal to redeem the notes of one branch at any 
other, — wherever the holder might choose to present them, — and reviewed 
the whole subject of banking and exchange after a long study of the subject 
in a speech which was widely reprinted by the public journals. During the 
whole period of his service upon the Ways and Means, he was most diligent 
in committee, constant in attendance in the House, and a participant in every 
important debate. 

On the 16th of October, 1816, he was invited by Madison to become a 
member of his cabinet as Secretary of War, but declined the honor. In the 
following year he was again offered by President Monroe the War portfolio,, 
but he preferred his position as the leader of the House, and it was given, 
on his second declination of it, to Calhoun. The President's letter to Mr. 
Lowndes upon this subject has been preserved. It is interesting, since it 
serves to clearly indicate the considerations which formerly governed the 
selection of the cabinet. It reads : 

Confidential. Washington, May 31, 1817. 

Dear Sir: 

Having manifested my desire to draw into the administration, citizens 
of distinguished merit from each great section of the Union, and Gover- 
nour Shelby who was appointed Secretary of War from the State of Ken- 
tucky having declined the appointment, I consider myself at liberty to look 
to other parts for aid, from those best qualified to afford it. On you my 
attention has in consequence been fixed, and I beg you to be assured that 
your acceptance of that office will be highly gratifying to me from personal 
as well as public considerations. As I am about to leave the city and shall 
be absent some time, I will thank you to be so good as to transmit your 
answer to me under cover of Mr. Rush, who will forward it to me. 
I am, dear Sir, with great respect and esteem, 
Your Obd't Sv't, 

(signed), James Monroe. 

Mr. Lowndes also refused the mission to France, and again, a year later, 
the choice of the special missions to Constantinople and St. Petersburgh, 
which President Monroe, after consultation with John Quincy Adams, then 
Secretary of State, had offered to him.| 

In 1818, he spoke almost every week of the session upon a great variety 
of subjects, and never failed to command the undivided attention of the 
House. On the 30th of January, 1819, he reviewed the whole subject of 
the Seminole War, and the course pursued by General Jackson in Florida, 
in a long but close reasoned speech, taking the ground that if Congress were 
to suppress- its disapprobation of the occupation of St. Marks and Pensacola, 
it would not serve to raise in any way the the military character of General 
Jacksc*n r . but that it would impair its own character, its reputation and its 
dignity. He was chairman of the Committee on Coins and on Weights and 

* Letter of James Madison to William Lowndes, 
t Memoirs of J. Q. Adams, vol. v. p. 77. 
vol. xxx. 13a 



164 b The Loivndes Family of South Carolina. [April, 

Measures, and made upon these subjects numerous and elaborate notes, 
which show his thorough method of work in the preparation of reports to the 
House. He had. however, for a long time, over-tasked himself, and was 
obliged to leave Washington in the spring of 1819, suffering greatly from 
exhaustion. By the advice of his physicians he sought restoration to health 
in the entire relaxation of a sea voyage, and, on landing at Liverpool, re- 
ceived the thoughtful, cordial, and generous welcome of an English gentleman, 
from the historian of the Medici, Mr. Roscoe. Intent upon self-improvement 
and knowledge, he remained at Liverpool until he had studied and re- 
corded in his note-book everything which struck his curious and active 
mind. He found in the docks, the system of labor, the workshops, the com- 
mercial regulations, both of statute and local enactment, subjects worthy of 
careful examination and study, to be afterwards made available in the com- 
mittee rooms of the Capitol. 

He met, on one occasion, at Liverpool, a gentleman with whom he had a 
long conversation, and, under the English custom of intercourse without in- 
troduction, they separated without receiving it. Mr. Lowndes had so 
impressed himself upon the other, that the latter went immediately to Mr. 
Iloscoe and inquired who the stranger was, describing him as the tallest 
man he had ever seen, the most unassuming he had ever met, and, certainly, 
the man of the greatest intellect he had ever heard speak. " It is the great 
American Lowndes you have been talking with; come and dine with me 
to-morrow, and I will introduce you to him." * 

The journey to London gave him an opportunity to observe the agricul- 
ture of the midland counties. He visited Newmarket, went through the 
stables, and wrote down in his note-book everything he could learn about the 
care and improvement of horse-flesh, which lie thought could be usefully 
adopted on his own side of the Atlantic. At London, he took every oppor- 
tunity to visit the House of Commons, making the acquaintance of the par- 
liamentary leaders, and watching their conduct of public business. On his 
departure from London he went directly to Paris, and there dined with 
Humboldt at Mr. Gallatin's table. He constantly attended the Chamber of 
Deputies, listened to their debates, and noted in his diary the characteristics 
of the Chamber, comparing it with the House of Commons. He thought its 
parliamentary rules well planned, and the French method of arresting de- 
bate by a direct vote to close the discussion seemed to him an improvement 
upon our own rule of the previous question. He travelled through France 
and Northern Italy, and returned to London after a tour through Holland 
and Belgium. Remaining but a short time in England on his way home, he 
took his seat on the 8th of December, two days after the assembly of the 
Sixteenth Congress. He received on the same day the appointment of chair- 
man of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. On the 2 2d of February, 
1820, he introduced a resolution, which was unanimously adopted, to author- 
ize the report of a bill to confer upon the family of Commodore Perry the 
same pension that they would have been entitled to receive had Perry fallen 
in the battle of Lake Erie, instead of surviving for a few short years to die 
of yellow fever at Port Spain. Mr. Lowndes's speech on this occasion 
was written out by him on the evening after its delivery, at the request of 
his friend the Hon. Nathaniel Silsbee, of Massachusetts. It is noticeable 
as the only speech of the long series, comprehending every question of the 

* " Reminiscences and Sketches," by E. S. Thomas, i. p. 103. The author gives this 
anecdote on the authority of Mr. Roscoe himself. 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 164 c 

time, which he delivered during his congressional career, that ever received 
any revision at his hands.* As soon as the question upon the resolution had 
been put after he resumed his seat, John Randolph of Roanoke arose, to 
offer another resolution, the basis of the subsequent act, which provided not 
only for the support of Perry's family, but also for the education of his 
children. His remarks, very characteristic of the man and strongly put, 
were prefaced by these opening words of compliment, — a thing rare at any 
time from him, — to Mr. Lowndes. " Mr. Speaker, I believe it will prove a 
very difficult undertaking for any member of this House to keep pace with 
the honorable gentleman from South Carolina in the race of honor and 
public utility. It is certainly not possible for me to do so, for I have already 
been anticipated in a proposition which I desired to make to-day, because it 
is one eminently fit to introduce on this anniversary so inspiring to patriotic 
emotions." 

Mr. Lowndes spoke at this session on the Missouri Compromise, against 
Mr. Clay's resolutions on the Spanish treaty, and in opposition to the 
revision of the Tariff. When Mr. Clay resigned the speakership, at the 
opening of the second session in November, 1820, Mr. Lowndes became 
the candidate of his party against Mr. John W. Taylor, of New-York. At 
the close of the ballot 011 the second day of the session he lacked but one 
vote of an election. Fourteen votes had been diverted by the candidacy 
of Gen. Smith, of Marylaud, " a man ruined in fortune and reputation, yet 
who commanded votes enough," as John Quincy Adams recorded in his 
diary on the evening of that day, " to defeat the election of Lowndes, a man 
of irreproachable character, amiable disposition and popular manners." 

Mr. Taylor was chosen Speaker on the next ballot, and on the 23d 
of November, Mr. Lowndes, who had been appointed chairman of the 
select committee on the proposed constitution of Missouri, reported a bill for 
her admission to the Union. Its consideration was set down for the Gth of 
December, and the whole country awaited the debate with a deeper interest 
than it had given to any subject since the adoption of the constitution. It 
was the first great encounter on the question of slavery, and the South, more 
distinguished then in the superior weight and character of her delegations 
in the House, than at any other period of her long supremacy — if we accept 
the recorded opinion of him, then, too, illustrious in every branch of the 
public service, yet destined to attain his own most enviable honors years 
afterwards in that House as the worthiest champion of the North — the South, 
grasping the situation with the keenest comprehension of its magnitude, en- 
trusted the presentation and management of her cause to Mr. Lowndes, the 
wisest since he was the most moderate of all her public men. 

Of his speech, in opening the debate, there is left to us in the 
annals of Congress only an insufficient abstract. His opening sentences 
were lost to the official reporters of the House, as Mr. Benton tells us in his 
note upon the speech, by the movement of representatives from every part 
of the chamber, as they hurriedly changed their seats to get near the 
speaker, and catch every word that fell from his lips, " Mr. Lowndes being 
one of those so rare in every assembly around whom members clustered 
when he rose to speak, that not a word should be lost where every word was 
luminous with intelligence and captivating with candor. This clustering 
around him, always the case with Mr. Lowndes when he rose to speak, was 

* Abridgment of Debates, vol. vii. p. 346. 



164 d The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, [April, 

more than usually eager on this occasion from the circumstances under 
which he spoke ; — the Union verging to dissolution, and his own condition 
verging to the grave." * 

The debate lasted through the winter, and it was not till the 28th of 
February, 1821, that the State of Missouri was conditionally admitted to 
the Union, and the second Missouri question compromised like the first.f 

During the greater portion of the winter Mr. Lowndes was confined to 
his residence by severe illness, the premonition of the end to come two years 
later. The management of the Missouri question, owing to his inability to 
attend the House, was entrusted by him to Mr. Clay, who frequently con- 
ferred with him in his chamber in regard to it. The compromise became 
thus the work, as it was the fortunate opportunity of Henry Clay. He 
availed himself of the weakness of the Northern position to undermine it, 
and dissension was, for a few years, allayed. Mr. Lowndes spoke but rarely 
after his recovery, once or twice when able to attend the House on some 
point in the Missouri debate, and once in favor of an inquiry into the Bank- 
rupt Laws. He was under medical observation during the summer of 1821, 
and rallied somewhat before he returned to Washington, which was not 
until the 21st of December, nearly three weeks after the opening of the 
Seventeenth Congress, having once more kept away at the organization of 
the House to avoid the chairmanship of a committee. In the last week of 
December, at a caucus of the Legislature of South Carolina, he received its 
nomination for the Presidency. This movement of his native state was an 
entire surprise to him. His answer, which passed into a proverb, and was 
destined to be the speech by which he will be longest remembered, is best 
given in a letter to his wife, written at Washington, 6th January, 1822. 
" You have heard of the caucus nomination at Columbia. I hope you have 
not set your mind too strongly on being President's lady. While you 
wish only a larger fence for the poultry yard, and a pond for the ducks, I 
may be able to gratify you, but this business of making a President either 
of oneself or of another I have no cunning at. We live in a terrible con- 
fusion. I thought when I came here the question was a fact confined to two 
persons, Mr. Crawford and Mr. Adams. Now, we have all the secretaries 
and at least two who are not to be named. As to the answer which I have 
made to the notification, here it is : 'I have taken no step and never shall to 
draw the public attention upon me as a competitor for the Presidency. It 
is not in my opinion an office to be either solicited or declined.' " 

Mr. Lowndes served at this session on the Committee on the Mint and the 
Coinage, and spoke for the last time in Congress on the 22d of March, 1822, 
-on a resolution authorizing an exchange of government bonds. 

He continued to decline in vigor, under the debilitating influence of disease 
and the method of treatment adopted in his case. The strength of the 
overworked statesman at length gave way entirely. He resigned in the 
autumn his seat in Congress, and sailed in October in the ship Moss, from 
Philadelphia. Accompanied by his wife and daughter, he hoped to find, in 
a longer absence from home, and in the choice of climate which Europe 
afforded, restoration of health. It was not thus to be. He grew rapidly 
worse, and died on the 27th of October, when he had been but nine days at 
sea. The news of his death, which occasioned universal concern and sorrow, 

* Abridgment, of Debate?, vol vii. p. 12. 
f Memoirs of J. Q. Adams, vol. v. p. 307. 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 164 e 

did not reach the United States till the 11th of January, 1823. Ten days 
later, on the 21st of the month, the House of Representatives, of which, at 
his death, he was not a member, and in which James Hamilton, Jr. already 
sat as his successor, passed the same resolutions of respect to his memory, 
and of mourning for his loss, which they would have done had he fallen 
like the second Adams upon its floor. The eulogies upon him of Hamilton, 
and Archer, and Taylor are among the most beautiful of such efforts. 
Hamilton declared that his wisdom was equalled only by his moderation, 
that be had less self-love and more self-denial than any other man he had 
known. Archer described his character as one in which the qualities that 
win esteem were blended in the happiest way with those that command it. 
Taylor, of New- York, affirmed that the highest and best hopes of the 
country had looked to William Lowndes for their fulfilment, that the Chief 
Magistracy would have been illustrated by his virtues and talents. " During 
nine years," said Mr. Taylor, " I have served with him on many important 
committees, and he never failed to shed new light on all the subjects to 
which he applied his vigorous and discriminating mind. To manners the 
most unassuming, to patriotism the most disinterested, to morals the most 
pure, to attainments of the highest order in literature and science, he added 
the virtues of decision and prudence so happily combined, so harmoniously 
united, that we knew not which most to admire, the firmness with which 
he pursued his purpose, or the gentleness by which he disarmed opposition. 
You, Mr. Speaker," he concluded, u will remember his zeal in sustaining 
the cause of our country in the darkest days of our late war. You cannot 
have forgotten — who that heard him can ever forget the impression of his 
eloquence in announcing the resolutions of thanks to the gallant Perry for 
the victory on Lake Erie ? Alas ! Alas ! the statesman has joined the 
hero, — never — never again shall his voice be heard in this Hall." 

Said the National Intelligencer of the following day : " The tribute, which 
was yesterday paid to the memory of the lamented William Lowndes, is as 
honorable to the feeling of the House as it is to the memory of the deceased. 
The brief addresses, delivered on the occasion, were such as worthily became 
the speakers, and never perhaps was eulogy more justly or more disinter- 
estedly bestowed." 

For the period of one month, in accordance with their resolution, the 
House wore, as a badge of mourning, crape upon the left arm. This action, 
which had been without precedent in the annals of the House, has served as 
its example since that time, on the few occasions that the House has been 
called upon to pay especial honor to the memory of a great citizen who was 
not at the time of his death a member of their own body. 

Not less deep and earnest than the tributes of the House were the later 
words of Mr. R. H. Wilde, subsequently Professor of the University of 
Louisiana, in his " Sketches of Members of the Fourteenth Congress." 

" Preeminent, yet not more proudly than humbly preeminent among 
them was a gentleman from South Carolina, now no more : the purest, the 
calmest, the most philosophical of our country's modern statesmen, one no 
less remarkable for gentleness of manners and kindness of heart than for 
that passionless unclouded intellect which rendered him deserving, if ever 
man deserved it, of merely standing by and letting reason argue for him. 
The true patriot, incapable of all self-ambition, who shunned office and 
distinction, yet served his country faithfully because he loved her, — he, I 
mean, who consecrated by his example the noble precept so entirely his own, 

vol. xxix. 13a* 



164 f The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, [April, 

that the first station in the Republic was neither to be sought after nor 
declined, a sentiment so just and so happily expressed that it continues to 
be repeated because it cannot be improved." 

Nor is the deliberate opinion of the graver historian less warm. Benton, 
who said of Mr. Lowndes, that his opinion had a weight never exceeded by 
that of any other American statesman, who wrote at a period when almost 
all who had ever served with him in Congress had passed away, and whose 
personal acquaintance with him had been but slight, since he commenced 
his own long career at the time that declining health had led to Mr. 
Lowndes's resignation, devotes to his character and influence one of the 
opening chapters of his work. 

"All that I saw of him confirmed the impression of the exalted character 
which the public voice had ascribed to him. Virtue, modesty, benevolence, 
patriotism, were the qualities of his heart; a sound judgment, a mild, 
persuasive elocution were the attributes of his mind ; his manners gentle, 
natural, cordial, and inexpressibly engaging. He was one of the galaxy, 
as it was well called, of the brilliant young men whom South Carolina sent 
to the House of Representatives at the beginning of the war of 1812, — 
Calhoun, Cheves, Lowndes, — and was soon the brightest star in that 
constellation. * * * He was the moderator as well as the leader of the 
House, and was followed by its sentiment in all cases in which inexorable 
party feeling or some powerful interest did not rule the action of the mem- 
bers, and even then he was courteously and deferentially treated. It was so 
the only time I ever heard him speak, — session of 1820-21, and on the 
inflammable subject of the admission of the State of Missouri. His death 
was a public and national calamity."* 

When Mr. Clay was asked, towards the close of his long life, by Colonel 
John Lee, of Maryland, who, of all the public men he had known, was in 
his opinion the greatest, he replied that it was difficult to decide among the 
many whom he had been associated with, but, said he, " I think the wisest 
man I ever knew was William Lowndes." 

Ex-President Van Buren, towards the end of that work which occupied 
his later years, and which he did not live to see published,! in speaking of 
the protective system, which had its origin in the prolific mind of Hamilton, 
says : " The enforcement of Hamilton's recommendations was reserved for 
the close of the war of 1812, a period of which I have already spoken as 
one which brought on the political stage a new class of Presidential aspirants, 
members of a succeeding generation and unknown to Revolutionary fame. 
Among the most prominent of these stood Crawford, Clay, Calhoun, Adams, 
Webster and Lowndes, — the latter, perhaps, the most likely to have suc- 
ceeded, if his useful life had not been brought to a premature close." 

Such are some of the opinions given of this most highly gifted man. He was 
a descendant, let it be here said, of the same family as was his distinguished 
namesake, William Lowndes, Secretary of the Treasury to Queen Anne. 
This statesman, the author of the British funding system, rose to influence 
of the first rank by service upon the Committee of Ways and Means in the 
House of Commons. By a curious and striking coincidence, a century 
later, the subject of our sketch, as chairman of a similar committee in the 
House of Representatives, earned the same designation in the annals of the 

* Benton. " Thirty years View," vol. i. pp. 9, 10, 15. 
t " Political Parties in the United States," pp. 415-16. 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 164 s 

United States that the other had won as the " Ways and Means Lowndes " 
of the Parliamentary History of England, and thus, long ago, there sprang 
from the old manor house of Legh Hall in Cheshire, offshoots of that 
family, which had been even then long associated with its walls, that were 
destined to carry in after time their common name high into the councils 
of each of the great families of the English race. 

To the student of the constitutional history of the United States, the life 
and character of William Lowndes, although it may be utterly forgotten 
among the people, will always have a peculiar interest from the numerous 
possibilities which associate themselves with it and which were extinguished 
at his death. He was called " an old statesman " by the press, and yet he 
was but forty when he died. He had never served the country but as a 
member of the lower House of Congress, rejecting in turn the summons of 
Madison and Munroe to their cabinets, and the offers of three foreign mis- 
sions, yet it is safe to say that the Union has never, in this the first century 
of its independence, lost another statesman of his age who made so deep an 
impression upon its affection and judgment, and who left so enviable a fame. 
His last public act, as it might be called, such is the temper of the Republic 
towards all who have incurred her suspicion of unduly striving for the Pre- 
sidency, and in such sharp contrast was his attitude to that assumed by his 
three great contemporaries, Webster, Clay, and Calhoun, — the dignified 
position he took in reference to his nomination, — won for him a feeling of 
personal admiration, even from his opponents, which was expressed long 
afterwards in conversation and private correspondence whenever his char- 
acter and attainments were the subject of affectionate and interesting 
reminiscence. 

The personal appearance of Mr. Lowndes was remarkable ; for his stature 
exceeded six feet and six inches, and he was as slender as he was tall. 
Though loose limbed he managed his length easily. His features were 
large, while the face was thin, long and pale. He was habitually grave and 
thoughtful, and never relaxed into idle conversation or even social raillery, 
yet — comitate condita gravitas — he was neither solemn nor severe, and his 
smile, though rare, was said to be inexpressibly engaging. His habitual 
seriousness was relieved by the presence of his children, and he was always 
cheerful when they were with him or came to be tossed in his long arms. 
Present or absent, says Mr. Grayson, they were objects of tender solicitude. 
He found time to correspond with them even during the labors attendant 
upon a session of Congress, and watched their progress as evidenced by 
their letters. He urged them to be diligent by appeals to their filial affec- 
tion rather than to their desire of emulation. His manners and address 
were full of dignity, and he was as invariably courteous in private life as he 
was in his public career. How distinctively he may be said to have earned 
his public reputation for these qualities we have already seen, yet it is well 
to notice the valuable opinion of the distinguished historian of the Aboli- 
tion Party, the late Vice-President of the United States, who speaks of Mr. 
Lowndes " as one of the ablest and certainly one of the most courteous and 
moderate Southern statesmen."* 

While sought in society by its most conspicuous members, and honored 
by the friendship of his elders in years and: station, he was always a peculiar 
favorite of men and women younger than himself. He had from natural 
modesty rather than from cultivation that faculty of deferent attention to 

* " Rise and Fall of the Slave Power," by Henry Wilson, i. p. 158. 



164 h The Lowndes Family of South Carolina, [April, 

others which wins in social intercourse at once confidence and regard. The 
late Mr. John Ravenel sometimes told the following anecdote in illustration 
of the attachment Mr. Lowndes inspired among young people : — Mr. 
Ravenel was the pupil of a Major Wilson, a surveyor, and had been sent 
by him into the neighborhood of El Dorado, the estate of General Thomas 
Pinckney. He was at once asked by the General to his house. A youth and 
a stranger, he felt and perhaps betrayed something of natural embarrass- 
ment incidental to his position in the company at General Pinckney's table, 
when a tall gentleman, who was entirely unknown to him, engaged his at- 
tention, and delighted him by the charm of his manner, and by his agreeable 
conversation. He soon learned that the tall gentleman was his host's son-in- 
law, and the leader of the congressional delegation of his State* As he 
was considerate and attentive to others, he was modest in his own share of 
conversation ; and, while insensibly guiding it, never took the exclusive con- 
trol which would so often have been willingly accorded him. Conversation in 
his presence never became monologue. He was in no sense disputatious, 
and talked for the sake of truth and not for victory. Whether in the draw- 
ing-room, in committee, or in the House, he never became heated nor vehe- 
ment, but turned an angry disputant by calm remark and gentle manner. 

When once asked by a gentleman long noted for colloquial skill, what but 
failure would be the fate of the American Republic; what would be the 
condition of things when there came to be more than thirty states ; how 
could faction be controlled, where could safeguards be found in a democracy 
to protect the liberties of the people, Mr. Lowndes, to whom it would have 
been easy as one hopeful of the Union to reply in "glittering generalities," 
quietly observed, " That the people of that future time would be so much 
better informed than he could be of the evils approaching and their reme- 
dies, that he was entirely content to leave the whole subject for them to 
examine and arrange." 

Without despising popular opinion, he placed no great value either on 
its praise or its censure, and was entirely undisturbed by the occasional 
attacks of party journals. It was Mr. Rutledge who related of him the 
story that once, while on a journey with Mr. Lowndes through Pennsyl- 
vania, they stopped a short time at a village, and that a stranger to them 
in the hotel, who seemed to be a prominent character in the town, after 
listening to their conversation, came up to Mr. Lowndes and asked him as 
a favor to run his eye over a communication he had prepared for the coun- 
try newspaper and give him the benefit of his corrections. Mr. Lowndes, 
on reading the article, found it to be an attack upon the administration and 
its leading supporters, and especially virulent upon himself. He corrected 
and returned the paper without intimating who he was, and then asked the 
writer what reason he had for abusing Mr. Lowndes. " None at all," was 
the reply, " but I don't believe any man ever possessed so many good qua- 
lities as are imputed to him by all parties." f From this slight incident we 
may infer his estimate of popular censure and applause. 

His oratory was easy, unaffected, and refined in manner. It made a deep 
impression upon his audience by its contrast with the more florid style of 
the period in which he lived. In the State House at Columbia he was 
always heard with profound attention. His manner was calm and persua- 
sive, his action subdued, his style clear and flowing, his voice good but not 
strong. He made no questionable rhetorical flights, but seemed to the 

* Mr. F. J. Grayson. t Ibid. 



1876. J The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 164 1 

listener to be animated solely with the desire to ascertain and enforce the 
truth. He was remarkable in debate for a candor that never failed to see 
and acknowledge the strength of an opponent's argument. He would freely 
admit what an inferior mind would have striven only to elude, and would 
always concede all that his adversary's argument could demand. His prac- 
tice in debate was to state at the outset, fully and clearly, the strong points 
of the speech to which he had risen to reply. Mr. Alfred Huger related 
that, on some occasions, Mr. Lowndes would put his adversary's argument 
with such force that his own friends would become alarmed lest he might 
fail to pull down what he had so firmly erected. The fear was needless, 
even on the occasion when John Randolph of Roanoke, who was opposed 
to him, had declared aloud on the floor of the House, as Mr. Lowndes went 
on, that the speaker had entrapped himself and would never answer his 
own argument. Mr. Randolph, however, at the end of the speech, admitted 
that he had been mistaken. 

Fortunate as Mr. Lowndes was in his public career, he was not the less 
happy in his private relations. No censure ever assailed his domestic life, 
for he was known of all men to be pure. 

Mr. Lowndes married, , 1802, Elizabeth-Brenton, daughter of 

General Thomas Pinckney.* By this lady, who died in July, 1857, Mr. 
Lowndes had : 

i. Rawlins, 8 b. 1804 ; m. , 1827, Emma-Raymond Hornby, and 

died s. p. , 1834. 

18. ii. Thomas-Pinckney, 8 b. Oct. — , 1808. 

iii. Rebecca-Motte, 8 b. , 1810; m. June 16, 1829, to Edward-L. 

Rutledge, of the Navy, and has issue : 

i. Harriott-IIorry, 9 m. , 1851, St. Julien-Ravenel, and 

has issue : 

i. Harriott- Rutlcdge,™ b. 1852. 
ii. Anna-Eliza* b. 1853. 
iii. John, 10 b. 1856. 
iv. Elizabeth- Rutledge? b. 1857. 
v. Edward- Rutledge™ b. 1859. 
vi. &t.-Julien™b. 1861. 
vii. Frances- Gualdo , 10 b. 1865. 
viii. Francis- Gual do ™b. 1869. 
ix. Helen- Lowndes, 10 b. 1872. 
ii. Elizabeth-Pinckney, 9 b. 1842 ; died in infancy. 

12. Rawlins 8 Lowndes, now the senior representative of the family 
which has been the subject of this sketch, was educated at the United States 
Military Academy at West Point, which he entered August 31, 1816. He 
was graduated 1st July, 1820, and promoted in the Army to the rank of 2d 
Lieutenant, Corps of Cavalry. He was stationed at Fort Moultrie in the 
winter of 1820, and was on topographical duty in 1821, in the valley of the 
Missouri, at that time a pathless waste of prairie. He was appointed Aide- 

* Thomas Pinckney was born in Charleston, 23d October, 1750. The child of wealthy- 
parents, he received a thorough classical education in England. He was conspicuous at the 
outbreak of the Revolution, and on the assumption by Gates of the command of the 
Southern Army was appointed his aide. When the army was defeated at the battle near 
Camden, Major Pinckney, whose leg had been shattered by a musket ball, was taken 
prisoner. He succeeded General Moultrie as Governor of South Carolina in 1787. In 1792 
he received the appointment of Minister Plenipotentiary to Great Britain, and in 1794 was 
sent with the same rank to Spain to treat in reference to the navigation of the Mississippi. In 
1800 he was chosen Member of Congress. At the commencement of the second war with 
England, Dearborn, having received the appointment of Commander-in-Chief, and been 
assigned to the Northern Army, Pinckney was commissioned as Major General and placed 
in command of the Southern Department. At the end of the war he retired to his planta- 
tion, El Dorado, where he died on the 2d of November, 1828. 



164 j The Lowndes Family of Soiith Carolina. [April, 

de-Camp, with the rank of Major, to Brevet-Major General Gaines, July 
1, 1821, and remained on the staff of this officer till Dec. 31, 1830, when 
he resigned from the army, and returned to Carolina. 

Here at his plantation, The Strip, on the North Santee River, for a pe- 
riod of thirty years, Major Lowndes resided during a portion of each year, 
returning to his town residence in New- York in the spring. In 1860, hav- 
ing purchased a small estate on the east bank of the Hudson, near to and 
between the old family seats of the Livingston family, into which he had 
married, he gave up his town residence, and, a few months later, in April, 
1861, was forced to abandon his Carolina estate to swift destruction from 
neglect and the plunder of marauders, when the sea coast of the state 
became the sdene of active war. 

Since the year 1861, Major Lowndes has resided upon the Hudson Riv- 
er. He married, October 24, 1826, Gertrude-Laura, daughter of Maturin 
Livingston and Margaret Lewis his wife, only daughter and heiress of 
Morgan Lewis,* a Major General in the Army in the last war with England, 
son of Francis Lewis, a Signer of the Declaration of Independence, and 
by her has issue : 

i. Julia-Livingston, 9 m. May 19, 1853, William-Augustus James, of 
Lynwood, near Rhinebeck-on-Hudson, and had issue : 

i. AYilliam-Lowxdes, 10 b. June 1, 1855. 
Mrs. James died January 26, 1875. 
ii. Mary-Livingston, 9 m. January 31, 1855, John-Pyne March, son of the 
late Charles March, of Greenland, New-Hampshire. By her husband, 
who died November 25, 1873, she had issue : 
i. Charles, 10 b. September 23, 1856. 
ii. Clement, 10 b. November 21, 1862. 
iii. Gertrude-Lewis, 9 b. September 22, 1833 ; d. October 26, 1834. 
iv. Anne, 9 m. George-B. Chase, of Boston [Harv. Coll. 1856], son of the 
late Theodore Chase, of Portsmouth, New-Hampshire, and afterwards 
of Boston, and has issue : 
i. Stephen, 10 b. January 30, 1863. 
ii. Gertrude-Lowndes. 10 
v. Harriett-Lowndes, 9 m. April 27, 1859, Eugene Langdon, son of the late 
Walter Langdon, of Portsmouth, New-Hampshire, and has issue : 

* Upon the east wall in St. James's Church, Hyde-Park-on-Hudson, N. Y., there is a mural 
tablet witli this inscription : 

To the Memory of 

Major General Morgan Lewis, 

Younger son of 

Francis Lewis, 

A Signer of the Declaration of Independence : 

Born in New York, Oct. 16, 1754, 

Died April 7, 1844. 

In 1775, he enlisted as a volunteer in the army investing Boston. 

In 1777, he served under General Gates, as Chief of his Staff, 

and received the surrender of Burgoyne. 

He conducted the retreat from Ticonderoga, 

led the advance at Stone Arabia, 

and was in active service till the close of the war. 

In 1783, he commenced the practice of the Law, 

and became Attorney General, Chief Justice, and 

Governor of his Native State. 

Under his administration the foundation was laid for our public school fund. 

In 1812, as Major General, he served through the second war. 

He was, for many years, Senior Warden of this Church, 

and at the period of his death, was President of the Cincinnati, 

and Grand Master of the Masons. 

"Warned by advancing years, with a mind unimpaired, 

He retired from public life to the quiet of his family, 

Where living and beloved, he went down to the grave 

In a good old age, and in the fulness of honors. 



1876.] The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. 164 k 

i. Marion. 10 ii. Anne-Lowndes. 10 
Mr. Langdon died Februrary 22, 1866. Mrs. Langdon m. second, 
November 2, 1872, Philip Schuyler, of New- York. 

13. Thomas 8 Lowndes was graduated at Harvard College, 1824; m. 
February 12, 1828, Allen, daughter of Henry and Margaret Deas, of 
Charleston, by whom he had issue : 

i. Henry, 9 b. January 29, 1829. ii. Sarah-Ion. 9 

iii. Thomas, 9 b. September 26, 1842 ; d. 18—. 

Mr. Lowndes died July 8, 1833. 

14. William-Price 8 Lowndes, educated at New-Haven, and after- 
wards at Columbia College, South Carolina ; m. October 30, 1833, Susan- 
Mary-Elizabeth, daughter of Maturin and Margaret (Lewis) Livingston, of 
Staatsburgh, New- York, who died in New- York, February 10, 1875. By 
her he had issue : 

i. Margaret, 9 m. June 6, 1865, Edward-Henry Costar, of the City of New- 
York, and has issue. 

ii. Francis-Lewis, 9 b. August 8, 1837 ; now a Councillor-at-Law, of the City 
of New-York. 

iii. William, 9 b. August 1, 1843 ; m. May 22, 1875, Katherine-Grant, daugh- 
ter of Daniel Ransom, of New- York. 

15. Charles-Tldyman 8 Lowndes, m. December 31, 1829, Sabina-El- 
liott, daughter of Daniel-Elliott and Isabella Huger, by whom he had issue : 

i. Daniel-Huger, 9 b. February 27, 1832 ; d. August 1, 1832. 

ii. Daniel-Huger, 9 b. June, 1833 ; d. January 9, 1835. 

iii. Mary-Huger, 9 m. Edward-Laight Cottenet, of New- York, and has issue. 

iv. Rawlins, 9 b. July 23, 1838; m. , Sarah, daughter of General 

John-S. Preston, of Virginia, now a resident on the family estate, Oak- 
lands Parish of St. Bartholomew's, South Carolina. 

v. Sabina-Huger, 9 m. William-Harleston Huger, M.D., of Charleston. 

vi. Emma- Huger. 9 

16. Richard-Henry 8 Lowndes, entered the Navy in 1831, served on 
the Brazils in the Lexington, as Aide to Com. A.-J. Dallas, in the Con- 
stellation, and as Aide to Com. Hull, in the Ohio, when flag-ship of the 
Mediterranean Squadron. Mr. Lowndes resigned in 1842. He m. Nov. 
10, 1845, Susan-Middleton Parker, daughter of John and Emily (Rut- 
ledge) Parker, of Charleston, and has issue : 

i. Caroline, 9 m. Nov. 10, 1870, Dominic-Lynch Pringle, son of the Hon. 

John-Julius and Jane [Lynch] Pringle, and by him has issue. 
ii. Richard-Ion, 9 b. Dec. 13, 1847; m. Nov. 15, 1870, Alice-Izard, dau. of 

Ralph-Izard and Charlotte-Georgina [Izard] Middleton, and has issue : 
i. William, 10 b. Aug. 10, 1872. 
iii. Emily-Rutledge, 9 m. Nov. 7, 1874, Charles-Petigru Allston, son of the 

Hon. R.-F.-W . and Adele (Petigru) Allston, and by him has issue, 
iv. William-Aiken, 9 b. April 20, 1856 ; d. April 23, 1863. 

17. Edward-Rutledge 8 Lowndes, m., 1833, Mary-Lucia Guerard, 
and by her had issue : 

i. James, 9 b. Jan. 6, 1835 ; was graduated at South Carolina College, Dec. 

1854, and afterward a student at Heidelburg. Councillor-at-Law; 

served on the staff of the Confederate Army ; resumed the practice of 

the law as partner of the Hon A. G. Magrath, in Charleston, in 1866; 

now a member of the bar of the District of Columbia, and resides at 

Washington. 
ii. Edward, 9 b. 1836 ; m. Celestina Fuller, and had : 

i. Edward-Rutledge. 10 ii. Rawlins. 10 iii. Alice. 10 
iii. Mary-Lucia. 9 iv. Emily. 9 v. Elizabeth.' vi. Sophia-Percy. 9 



164 1 The Lowndes Family of South Carolina. [April, 

vii. Julia, 9 m. William Hamilton, viii. Mary-Ruth. 9 
ix. Catherine-Hamilton. 9 

Mr. Lowndes died 1853. 

18. Thomas-Pinckney 8 Lowndes, m. , 1829, Margaret-M., 

daughter of William and Martha (Blake) Washington, of Charleston, and 
granddaughter of Colonel William Washington, of the Revolutionary Army. 
By whom he had : 

i. Jane-Washington, 9 m. May 18, 1854, Robert-William Hume, and 
has issue : 
i. Mary-Morse, 10 b. 1858. 
ii. Margaret-Lowndes, 10 b. 1859. 
iii. William-Lowndes, 10 b. 1863. 
iv. Jane-Washington, 10 b. 1871. 
ii. William, 9 b. 1832 ; d. at Heidelberg, Germany, 1856. 
iii. Thomas-Pinckney, 9 b. Feb. 22, 1839 ; m. Nov. 9, 1865, Anne-Branford 
Frost, daughter of the Hon. Edward Frost, of South Carolina, and 
Harriet-Horry his wife, by whom Mr. Lowndes has issue : 
i. Harriet-Horry, 10 b. Oct. 1866. 
ii. Margaret- Washington, 10 b. May, 1869. 
iii. William, 10 b. Oct. 1871. 
iv. Edward-Frost, 10 b. March, 1874. 

Mr. Lowndes died in 1838. 

Bardsley, in his work on surnames, derives the name of Lowndes from 
the old English word of launde, which " signified a pretty and rich piece of 
grassy sward in the heart of a forest, what we should now call an open 
wood, in fact. Thus it is we term the space in our gardens within the 
surrounding shrubberies lawns. 

" Chaucer says of Theseus on hunting bent — 

To the launde he rideth him fill right, 
There was the hart wont to have his flight. 

" In the ' Morte Arthur,' too, we are told of hunting — 
At the hartes in these hye laundes. 

"This is the source of more surnames than we might imagine. 
" Hence are sprung our 'Launds,' 'Lands,' 'Lowndes,'"* etc. 

In a list of ninety-nine wills of persons of this name proved, in the 
probate court at Chester, between the years 1586 and 1768, the writer found 
the names variously spelled, viz. : Lounds, Lownes, Lounde, Lowndes, 
Lound, Lounde, Lownds, Loundes. The first of the spellings here given 
occurs in the will of Roger Lounds of Sandbach, and the last, which has been 
the form in general use for now more than a century, is found in that of John 
Lowndes of Cranage. 

Arms op Rawlins Lowndes, President of South Carolina in 1778. 

Quarterly of six. 
Lowndes. — Argent fretty azure, on a canton gules a lion's erased, or. 
Weld. — Azure, a fesse nebule, between three crescents, ermine. 
Wettenhall. — Yert — a cross engrailed, ermine. 

Liversage. — Argent, a chevron between three plough-shares erect, sable. 
Whelock. — Argent, a chevron between three Catherine wheels, sable. 

RAWLINS.f 

* " Our English Surnames," by Charles Wareing Bardsley, M.A. 

f It has not been possible to ascertain with certainty the seal of the St. Kitts family of this 
name. In tropical climates wax impressions are rarely used, and can never be preserved. 
A wafer impression from the seal of Mr. Henry Rawlins is too faint to authorize any descrip- 
tion of the arms of his family. 



1876.] President Wilder } s Address. 165 



ADDKESS OF THE HON. MAKSHALL P. WILDEK. 

Delivered at the Annual Meeting of the New-England Historic, Genealogical 

Society, January 5, 1876. 

Gentlemen of the Society : 

I acknowledge most gratefully the honor conferred on me by the 
election which has just taken place, nor can I be unmindful of these 
oft-repeated expressions of your confidence and respect. But when 
I see around me so many who are entitled to this distinction, I feel, 
in deference to their long services and eminent qualifications, a deli- 
cacy in occupying the chair to their exclusion. But, gentlemen, we 
have been so long associated together, I shall not rudely sever the 
official relations which have existed between us, and which have 
been to me of a most honorable and agreeable character. Nothing, 
however, would induce me to accept of it again but your assur- 
ance that my services are useful, and your pledges of cooperation 
in the discharge of my duties. 

By the reports of the various committees, it will be seen that the 
Society is in the same flourishing condition as of late years, and 
that although our income has not been increased the last year, it has 
been able to meet all its responsibilities by adhering, as before, 
strictly to the principle of limiting its expenses to its annual receipts. 
I should not forget to keep before the public the fact that all the 
duties performed by our officers and committees, with the exception 
of the Librarian and his assistant, are performed without compen- 
sation ; and I cannot disguise the fact that with the constant growth 
of the Society and the increase of its library, these duties are becom- 
ing more and more responsible and arduous ; and, while we would 
ever remember with a lively sense of gratitude those who contributed 
to erect this House and to found a library-fund, I trust the day is 
not far distant, when by bequests or donations the Society may be 
able to render some compensation for these services, and to place 
itself in a still higher sphere and on a wider plane of usefulness. 
Nor can I doubt that with the return of prosperous times, funds will 
be forthcoming from the numerous friends whose sympathy and inter- 
est have been so often manifested in our behalf. The contributions of 
books, pamphlets, manuscripts and curiosities have been numerous. 
Of books alone, there have been presented nearly thirteen hun- 
dred bound volumes, many of which are quite rare, making this 
addition to our library more valuable than that of any former years. 
In this connection I take great pleasure in stating that while 
writing the foregoing paragraph, I was informed that a lady lately 
deceased, — a warm friend of the Society, and a subscriber to the 
vol. xxx. 14 



166 President Wilder } s Address. [April, 

Historical and Genealogical Register, — left by will a bequest of 
several thousand dollars for the endowment of our library. I re- 
serve to the close of rny remarks the formal announcement of the 
terms of the bequest. 1 

And now in these days of centennial celebrations, let us refer very 
briefly to the history of our own Society, and thus at the commence- 
ment of the second century of the republic, set up another milestone 
to mark our progress on the road of time. Thirty-one years ago last 
October, five gentlemen met in this city to counsel together how 
they could best promote a taste for antiquarian, historical and gene- 
alogical research. This resulted in the establishment and incorpora- 
tion of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 
Well does Mr. Slafter remark in his admirable discourse in 1870, 
at the Quarter-Centennial Celebration of this Society : " Our grati- 
tude is due to these five gentlemen who entered into the primary 
organization, and to them must the honor be accorded of giving form 
to the idea and method of historical study inaugurated in this Society, 
and on which its whole fabric has been firmly and persistently 
reared." 

In all new enterprises, the first thing to be done is to create a 
public sentiment favorable to the object, and this was one of the 
chief purposes of the founders of this Society. But this was a work 
of time, and strange as it may now seem, there was, as Mr. Slafter 
says, "a deep-seated prejudice lurking everywhere in the New-Eng- 
land mind against the cultivation in any degree of ancestral or 
family history. It was regarded as an infringement upon good taste 
to speak of our ancestors with any fervent interest, at least beyond 
the family circle." But thanks to an enlightened age, that false 
modesty and unnatural regard, has yielded to the higher and nobler 
sentiment of filial love and reverence for those who have made us 
what we are. Thus has been wrought out by the influence of this 
and kindred associations an entire change in the public mind, until 
the pride of honorable ancestry and a worthy life are referred to as 
the natural and generic influences of physical, intellectual and moral 
character. 

But while we have these subjects of congratulation in the progress 
and prosperity of the Society, and the general interest it has 
awakened in behalf of the objects it seeks to promote, we have other 
considerations which move the fountains of sorrow and call for our 

1 At the close of his address, Mr Wilder read the following letter from Edward Russell, 
Esq., to Col. Albert H. Hoyt, dated Boston, Jan. 4, 1876 : 

I herewith send you the extract from the Will of my late wife, Mrs. Mary W. Russell, 
which relates to her bequest to the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. It is 
as follows : 

" I give, devise and bequeath to the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, of 
Boston aforesaid, the sum of three thousand dollars ($3,000) to constitute a fund, the in- 
come of which to be used for the purchase of English county histories and genealogies for 
the library of said Society, the said three thousand dollars to be paid from the legacy be- 
longing to me, of which Mrs. Cheever Newhall has the income during her natural life." 



1876.] President Wilder s Address, 167 

condolence and sympathy. In my last annual address I stated 
that the Society had been called during the previous year to mourn 
the loss of a larger number of those who had held official relations 
with us than in any year since its organization. Among them were 
six who had held the office of Vice-President or Honorary Vice- 
President of the Society. And now I have the sad duty to state 
that the death-reaper is still at work, and the loss of members the 
past year has been still greater than in any one year before. Dur- 
ing this period we have been called to part with two ex-Presidents, 
Samuel Gardner Drake , A.M., and Winslow Lewis, M.D. ; also with 
two Vice-Presidents, the Hon. William A. Buckingham, LL.D., of 
Connecticut, and the Hon. Hampden Cutts, A.M., of Vermont ; and 
one Honorary Vice-President, the Hon. Increase A. Lapham, LL.D. , 
of Wisconsin. 

Nor can I stop here. Still another is to be added to the starred 
roll of worthies which graces our list of deceased members. I refer 
to our associate member, Henry Wilson, Vice-President of the 
United States, whose services and official relations with our Com- 
monwealth and country have given to his name an immortality on 
earth, to whose mortal remains such distinguished honors have been 
paid as they passed through the capitals of other states to our own , 
there to receive the universal plaudit of "well done good and faithful 
servant." Mr. Wilson had won imperishable renown for his integ- 
rity of character as a statesman, his sympathy for the oppressed, 
and will ever be remembered as a blessing to his country and a bene- 
factor to his race. As Moses went up to Nebo Mount there to 
close his pilgrimage on earth, so Henry Wilson went up to the capital 
of his nation, where he had labored so many years for the welfare 
of his country, there to close his mission, there to wrap the drapery 
of his couch about him and gently fall asleep. 

The whole number of deaths for the year 1875, as will be seen 
by the report of the Historiographer, is thirty-eight. The united 
ages of these is twenty-seven hundred and forty years and nine 
months, being an average of seventy-two years, one month and 
fifteen days, an average of more than two years beyond the bounds 
of life allotted to man by the inspired Psalmist. 

Special notice has been taken with appropriate resolutions and 
remarks in regard to the decease of Senator Buckingham, Mr. Cutts, 
Mr. Drake, Dr. Lewis, Dr. Lapham and Mr. Wilson. Memoirs 
of many of those who have died during the last year have also 
been read by the Historiographer, the Pev. Samuel Cutler, which, 
with biographies of members, have been published in the New- 
England Historical and Genealogical Kegister, thus preserv- 
ing a record of the lives of those who have left us for higher spheres. 

Delegations from this Society, with the President and other officers, 
attended the funerals of Messrs. Drake, Lewis, Wilson, and of other 



168 President Wilder *s Address* [April, 

members who had fallen on their way. Since the establishment of 
our Society in 1845, the number of deaths of members, honorary, 
corresponding and resident, has been about four hundred and fifty. 
These have all gone before us. 

" We a little longer wait, 
But how little none can know." 

Let us remember, however, with gratitude, that the same Al- 
mighty Disposer of events who has removed these friends and co- 
workers, has spared us to labor together for the advancement of our 
cause and the benefit and brotherhood of mankind. But time is 
hurrying us on to our end. Soon the recording angel will inscribe 
our names with theirs on the roll of eternity, and our mission will 
be ended. Let us, then, buckle on the harness again, enter the field 
with more vigor and enterprise, and while we turn over the furrows 
of research and rake over the ashes of the past, let us see to it that 
no root of error creeps into our record, so that the harvest which 
shall be gathered of our sowing, shall enrich the garner of history 
and add to the general stock of knowledge. 

Among the influences which have given prominence and popularity 
to our institution, there is no one which has, perhaps, operated more 
favorably to increase its usefulness than the publication of the New- 
England Historical and Genealogical Register. 

For the last twenty-nine years this has been regularly published. 
Its volumes constitute a treasury of thought and research, and 
are everywhere acknowledged as authority in matters pertaining to his- 
tory and genealogy. With every issue they become more and more 
valuable, not only to the student, but to every one who takes an in- 
terest in the history of the towns and families of New-England, or 
the biographies of those who have made themselves worthy of re- 
membrance in the annals of our country. Since the creation of 
the office of Historiographer in 1855, there have appeared in the 
pages of the Register, memoirs and biographies of nearly three 
hundred and fifty of our members. It is regarded as one of the 
great mediums of information on these subjects both at home and 
in foreign lands ; and, as I have before stated, is a monument of 
the industry of its editors, successive publishing committees, and 
contributors. And here I desire to acknowledge our obligations to 
Col. Albert H. Hoyt, for his able, energetic and successful services 
as editor for the last eight years. 

A peculiar interest attaches to the volume of last year. The double 
number for the month of October contains six national Centennial 
Orations, namely, those delivered at the Concord and Lexington 
celebrations on the 19th of April; at Bunker Hill on the 17th of 
June, and at Cambridge on the 3d of July ; together with the 
addresses of Abner C. Goodell, Jr., our associate member, before 
the Essex Institute, on the centennial anniversary of the Meeting of 



1876.] President Wilder s Address. 169 

the Provincial Legislature in Salem, Oct. 5, 1774, and the address 
of Henry Armittt Brown at Philadelphia, on the hundredth anni- 
versary of the Meeting of the first Continental Congress, on Sept. 5, 
1774, These have also been issued in a separate volume. Its 
publication confers a benefit on society and an honor on its editor 
and publishing committee. 

What adds permanent value to the Register is the probability that 
it will continue to be the medium of treasuring up the local and family 
history of New-England long after its present representatives shall 
have passed away. It is, therefore, very desirable that every mem- 
ber of our Society should become a subscriber, and thus make its 
funds commensurate with the magnitude of its work. Its field of 
labor is constantly enlarging, and were its receipts ample, its opera- 
tions would be greatly facilitated and its usefulness widely extended. 
With more patronage its pages could be increased and its contents 
become more and more interesting. 

The question is often raised, "why we attach so much importance 
to the history of the past ? Why all this poring over musty records — 
this everlasting study and research into the history and traditions of 
by-gone days? The world will move on, planets will revolve in 
their destined circuits, and civilized man will adapt himself to 
the as^e in which he lives." True, but how little should we have 
as an impulse to good deeds, or for our guidance in life, were it not 
for the history and traditions which have come down to us. 

And then, there are agencies and forces which Providence has 
created for the furtherance of his grand designs of progress, and 
among these the most important are the examples of the great and 
good, of right and wrong, as expressed in the history of nations and 
of men. To gather up and preserve a record of all that can be use- 
ful, all that is worthy of imitation, either in the past or present time, 
and to transmit it unimpaired to future generations, is the object 
and purpose of our own and similar institutions. 

Much of the progress of this wonderful age can be traced directly 
or indirectly to influences which have been transmitted from genera- 
tions which have preceded us. Many of the wonders of our own 
time are but repetitions of what has occurred long before, lessons 
which are handed down for the benefit and government of mankind. 
The province of history is to treasure up not only the genealogy of 
men, but all that can be learned from traditions, books, pamphlets , 
addresses, orations, speeches, — all that can be learned of the lives of 
men and the customs and relics of former ages, whether they per- 
tain to mind or matter ; so that we can present on the living page, 
or portray on the canvas, all that can be known of the generations 
of our race, the forces of nature, the dominion of man, the wisdom 
of the a^es, the flight of time. 

History embraces not only the genealogies of men and the record 
vol. xxx. 14* 



170 President Wilder } s Address, [April, 

of nations, but it secures for all time a record of those wonderful 
transitions from age to age, those mighty revolutions in the politi- 
cal and moral world, those startling developments of genius and 
modern research, and those momentous events which control the 
happiness, peace and perpetuity of the human family. History en- 
larges the mind, widens the range of human thought, connects the 
present with the past, holds out a light for the guidance of future 
generations, proclaiming as with a voice from heaven, — This is 
the way, walk ye therein. 

But to brin^ these reflections closer home : How little we know 
in regard to the events which brought to the eyes of the world the 
discovery of this western continent ! True, we have the records of 
the New Netherlander, the Jamestown, the Plymouth, the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, and the neighboring Colonists. How little we know, 
moreover, of the explorations of the Chinese and the Norsemen in re- 
gard to our own land, or even of the later voyages to this continent ; 
and were it not for the research of the explorer and the record of his- 
torians, we should have grown but little wiser, and the world but 
little better for our existence upon it. 

But over and above all these considerations, there is the love of 
country, kindred and home. There is an instinct implanted in the 
human breast which yearns to know something of by-gone days, 
something of the source from which we and the objects of our affection 
were derived ; even the untutored Indian lias his traditions of ances- 
try, hunting fields and tents. Thus strongly does the soul sympathise 
with these objects of its attachment. This sentiment animates the 
heart of childhood, and growing with our growth and strengthening 
with advancing years, 

11 Maintains its hold with such unfailing sway, 
We feel it e'en in age and at our latest day." 

If there is any one sentiment which strikes down deep into the 
soul, it is the love of family, parent and child, — a love which take3 
hold of the finest sensibilities of our nature, treasures up with undy- 
ing affection the memories of the departed, and reaches forward with 
tender solicitude for the welfare of those that may succeed us. Not 
to revere the memory of an honorable ancestry, not to profit by the 
experience of the wise and good ; not to treasure up the lessons of 
patriotism and virtue which have been left us, is to prove unmind- 
ful from whence we came, ungrateful for what we are, and regard- 
less of the welfare of mankind. He that has no regard for the 
record of the past, no interest in the present, and no anxiety for the 
future, is scarcely to be named as a citizen of the world. 

Few can look back to the history of their own lives, family and 
ancestry, and not discover the elements which have shaped their des- 
tiny. " Like produces like " in the moral as well as in the natural world . 
This is as true of nations as of individuals, as we have seen in the in- 



1876.] President Wilder' s Address. 171 

fluence of the principles of our fathers upon us. Who can review 
the history of our American people since the landing of the pil- 
grim fathers, or even of the republic for the century now closing 
upon us, and not perceive the workings of that over-ruling hand 
which has, through a God-fearing and fearless people, set up this 
nation as a burning and shining light before the world. And who 
so perverse as not to discover that the secret of its prosperity 
is to be found in the influence of those immutable principles of justice 
and truth, which are the very constituents in the government 
of God. Other nations had the means of progress long before 
the discovery of this country ; but it was reserved for this blessed 
land to furnish a new and more perfect civilization than the world 
ever saw, and for these United States the most free and perfect 
form of government the world ever knew. Thus the great prin- 
ciple of human right, like the internal fires which make the 
earth tremble to its centre, is undermining the thrones of the old 
world, and teaching the sublime philosophy, that "all men are 
born equal," — that fealty to conscience is better than submission to 
power, and that the right of man transcends " the divine right of 
kings." "This love of religious liberty," says Mr. Webster, "is 
able to look despotism in the face, and, with means apparently in- 
adequate, to shake principalities and powers. Human invention 
has devised nothing, human power has compassed nothing, that can 
restrain it." 

Among the prominent events of the last year were the several 
centennial celebrations of our own and other States commemorative 
of the opening events of the American Revolution. I refer to these 
that they may have a place in the records of this year's proceed- 
ings, standing as we do on the threshold of the second century of 
the republic, a year which will be ever memorable by the Interna- 
tional Exposition at Philadelphia, and the assembling of represen- 
tatives from our own and other nations of the world in honor of 
the occasion. 

The first of these celebrations took place at Lexington and Con- 
cord simultaneously, on the ever-memorable 19th of April, and was 
signalized with appropriate ceremonies in the presence of the Presi- 
dent of the United States, his cabinet and a vast concourse of citizens 
from all parts of our land. The second occurred in Boston, on the 
17th of June, the anniversary of the Rattle of Bunker Hill, and was 
celebrated with a larger procession, display and significance than has 
perhaps ever been witnessed in this city. The third and immediately 
succeeding was the observance of July 3, by the citizens of Cam- 
bridge, in remembrance of the day when Washington took com- 
mand of the Continental Army in that place in 1775. In all 
these celebrations, with the exception of the latter, this Society 
has been represented by members who have participated in the 
ceremonies of the occasion. But as these facts, with the full history, 



172 President Wilder s Address, [April, 

have gone into the published proceedings in our Register and the 
various public journals, no further comment is necessary at this 
time. 

And now, my friends, as we are about entering on another cen- 
tury of our existence as a free nation, let us thank the Giver of all 
good that he has permitted us to witness the dawning of this glorious 
year, which is to commemorate the independence of a republic 
which we believe is to endure while patriotism, philanthropy and 
religion shall have a place in the hearts of men. ^When I look 
back on the history of our country, and the way in which the Lord 
hath led us, I feel that this land and this nation were designed by 
Him as examples of that divine providence which ultimately is to 
emancipate all the nations of the earth and make them " free indeed." 
When I reflect on that august scene in Independence Hall on the 
Fourth of July, Seventeen Hundred and Seventy-Six, I feel that no 
transaction for the welfare of mankind was so transcendant in im- 
portance, if we except the law given on Mount Sinai, as that sub- 
lime declaration that " all men are created equal." 

Could Robinson and Brewster have had but a glimpse of this vast 
empire, stretching from ocean to ocean, to whose boundaries, 
population and influence no human power can assign a limit ; could 
Hancock, Adams and those other patriot sires have looked forward 
with prophetic eye to the Grand Centennial, where on the very spot 
that gave it birth this Imperial Union should celebrate the grandest 
epoch in American history, — how would their souls have risen in 
gratitude to the Ruler of nations, that this republic and its free 
institutions were to stand as beacon lights for the guidance of the 
world ; that our land was to be the asylum for the down-trodden and 
oppressed of earth ; that our prosperity and power were to stand as 
the exponents of those great principles which must ever include 
justice to all, the majesty of law, the freedom of mankind, and the 
will of God. 

True, we have passed through a terrible conflict by the estrange- 
ment of some of our brethren, — a conflict which we believe 
has worked out for this nation a salutary lesson, and is never 
to return. The cloud that overshadowed our national horizon 
was, indeed, dark and portentous, but it has retired, gilded by 
the bow of promise, and refulgent with brighter hopes and firmer 
faith in the stability and perpetuity of our beloved union. This 
union we believe will continue to live in the hearts of our people ; 
and that with the lapse of years and the coming of new genera- 
tions, all the differences and animosities between the North and 
South will be in the deep bosom of oblivion buried, and all shall 
rejoice in a nation regenerated, emancipated and sanctified by its 
afflictions. Our fathers and brothers have labored together for the 
preservation of the dearest rights of man ; hand in hand they wrought 
out the august problem of self-government and constitutional authori- 



1876.] President Wilder^ Address* 173 

ty, and shoulder to shoulder they fought to purchase the priceless 
blessings we enjoy. Let us, then, as brethren of the same house- 
hold and heirs of this glorious hope, work out for the generations 
which are to succeed us, a still richer inheritance, — the inheritance 
of a Union that none can sever. And as we their children go 
up together from the various sections of this great land to wor- 
ship at the shrine of American Liberty, — as we go up with 
other nations to compare the products of the world, to rejoice 
in the conquest of genius, the rewards of industry, and the bless- 
ings of our free institutions, — let us welcome to our shores the 
representatives of foreign lands, of whatever nation or tongue, 
as children of the same Heavenly Parent, and heirs to the same 
privileges we enjoy. 

And while we commemorate by the celebrations of this year the 
grandest step in the history of modern times, while we celebrate 
the day that gave this nation birth, the first of that cycle of grand 
centennials, which we hope are in process of time to bless man- 
kind, let us not forget from whose customs, laws and constitutions 
we have, primarily, derived so much of the spirit and virtue which 
characterize our institutions. Yes, let us remember, especially, 
Old England, our mother-land, between whom and her offspring 
we trust war shall never again rear its bloody crest, with whom the 
reign of peace has already begun by the arbitration of national dif- 
ferences, and through whom we hope to make the English tongue 
the messenger, of peace and good-will to all mankind. And while 
we bring together in friendly competition the products of our soil, 
mines and manufactories, the skill, enterprise and energy of our 
countrymen, let us also exhibit the influence of our free schools, 
churches, literary and benevolent institutions, as evidence not only 
of well-directed industry, but of the blessings which naturally flow 
from the principles of our government. 

Thus shall we show, not only our progress in art, science and 
government, but clearly demonstrate that the people of these United 
States were specially commissioned to aid in the advancement of a 
new civilization on this continent, — a civilization which has conferred 
on our country an enduring renown, — which will be ever cherished 
as among the most precious memorials of history, and which will be 
revered and honored, wherever and whenever the principles of our 
government shall be made known. How precious the blessings we 
enjoy ! How touching the memorials which our fathers have left us 
of their patriotism, privations and virtues ! Forever hallowed be the 
day on which the banner of American Freedom was unfurled to the 
world ! Forever cherished in the heart of memory be the recollection 
of those patriots and martyrs who laid down their lives in defence of 
human rights ! Forever sacred to time and to eternity be the record 
of those events which gave this nation to the world and these blessings 
to mankind ! 



174 A Yankee Privateersman in Prison, [April, 

The centennial celebrations which have taken place the past 
year, and are to be succeeded by others of similar character in 
various parts of our country, will not only strengthen the bonds of 
friendship between our own and other nations, but will add greatly 
to the knowledge of our revolutionary history and of our age, and 
will hand down to all future time lessons of wisdom, which shall in- 
fluence the dynasties of the world, promote the welfare of our race, 
and bring about that millennial day, when all differences shall be 
settled without the sacrifice of blood, when the communion of 
christians shall be enjoyed without regard to sect, — 

" When man shall own no monarch 
But justice and his God." 

These will be treasured up by our historical societies as among the most 
precious relics in their archives. Their record will forever constitute 
the most valuable encyclopedias of the era they represent, portraying 
as they will, that spirit of civil and religious freedom which was in- 
herent in the soul of man, far back of the landing of our fathers or the 
declaration of our independence. 

Thus we shall commemorate the First Centennial of the 
American Republic. On that day the great heart of this nation 
will thrill with joy and gratitude as never before. On that day, 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, the flag of our nation, luminous in 
every thread with the history of our land, not a star fallen or blotted 
from its union, shall be unfurled from hill top, tower and spire, the 
emblem of all that is great and good in the past, of all our dearest 
hopes in the future, the emblem of a free, happy and united peo- 
ple. On that great day the voice of congregated thousands, like 
the sound of many waters, shall ascend to the God of nations that 
he would preserve this people from discord and disunion, and bind 
these States together in bonds of indissoluble friendship and brother- 
ly love. On that glorious day the pealing of bells, the booming of 
cannon, and the shouts of freemen shall echo through this blessed 
land ; and heaven responsive to earth shall join in the general jubilee 

of GOOD WILL TO MEN AND FREEDOM FOR THE WORLD ! 



A YANKEE PRIVATEERSMAN IN PRISON IN ENGLAND, 

1777-1779. 



T 



Communicated by William Richard Cutter, of Lexington, Mass., with Notes. 

HE following Journal of the experience of Timothy Connor, 
one of the crew of the brigantine Rising States, taken the 15th 
of April, 1777, by the Terrible, of 74 guns, and committed to For- 
ton prison the 14th of June, 1777, the first prisoners in that place, 
— with a roll of men's names, ship and stations, from what 6tate, 



1876.] A Yankee Privateersman in Prison. lib 

run, dead, &c, — has come to light in a pile of my father's old 
papers. Barring grammatical and orthographical errors, the Journal 
is as follows : 

Forton Gaol, June the 15tk, 1777. 1 

I now shall begin to keep a journal and recollect the particulars that 
have happened since we sailed from Boston ; of which I shall take the fol- 
lowing particulars, according to the best of my remembrance since I left 
Boston. 

January the 2Gth, 1777, our brigantine sailed from Boston for Cape Cod, 
and arrived there the next day. I sailed from Boston the 31st of the same 
month, myself and eleven more in a fishing boat, in which place we stayed 
three weeks to get hands, and got a few ; then we weighed and sailed for 
Casco Bay for the same purpose. Night coming on, the wind hauled ahead. 
We were obliged to put our ship about. Stood for Cape Cod again, but a 
heavy snowstorm coming on, we fell to leeward, and were obliged to come 
to an anchor the outside the island, 2 the storm still continuing, till the next 
day in the afternoon, when we weighed and sailed for Nantucket. 

All this time it snowed, hailed and rained very fast. We fell to leeward 
on the shoals. The ship struck two or three times, but did no damage. 
There we were beating for some time, but could not get into the harbor. 
Our captain called all hands on the quarter deck, to know their minds; 
whether we had rather beat there, or put the ship before it. It being very 
cold and blustering weather, we all agreed, as one, to bear away ; the wind 
being very fair to put to sea. Then, we put her before it, with a fine gale, 
which soon carried us off the coast of America. We had sixty-two men 
and boys on board. 

February the 24th, we spied a sail on our weather bow, about three 
leagues distance, for which we made sail, and gave her chase ; and at four 
o'clock came up with her. She proved to be a topsail schooner, from Vir- 
ginia, bound to Boston. She gave us an account of nine men of war cruis- 
ing off the capes of Virginia, and had chased her the day before. 3 We still 
stood to the eastward, the gale still continuing, with snow and rain and hail, 
sometimes under close reefed topsails, till we had almost got up to the 
Western Islands. 4 The 1st of March, at eight in the morning, we had the 

1 This date was Sunday, the day following that of the author's committal to the prison at 
Forton, England, June 14, 1777. with his comrades— including himself, thirt} r -eight in all — 
of the crew of the brigantine Rising States, of .Massachusetts ; the first prisoners— as is 
stated in the roll appended — in that place. The location of "Forton Gaol" is stated 
further on in the Journal, under date of June 13-14, 1777— viz.: "about one mile out of 
town," near Portsmouth, England, the principal naval station of Great Britain on the 
southern coast. More strictly speaking, Forton is one mile northwest of Gosport, which is 
on the western side of Portsmouth harbor, and opposite to and separated about a mile from 
Portsmouth and Portsea by the narrow gut at the entrance. The Gosport Branch of the 
Southwestern Railway now passes through it. The fine anchorage known by the name of 
Spithead, lies about half way between Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight, but nearer to the 
latter. 

Dr. Franklin, in his description of Portsmouth in 1726, speaks of its "fine harbor"; 
entrance " so narrow that you may throw a stone from fort to fort"; yet it is near "ten 
fathoms deep," and " bold close to"; town " strongly fortified." Gosport " lies opposite 
to Portsmouth, and is near as big, if not bigger." Spithead is " the place where the fleets 
commonly anchor, and is a very good riding place." 

2 Nantucket Island, perhaps. 

3 "His Majesty's ships stationed about Chesapeake and Delaware Bays have destroyed 
or taken, within the space of the two last months, above 70 sail of rebel ships and priva- 
teers." — Domestic Intelligence, America, New York, March 24, 1777, Town and Country 
Magazine (London) for 1777, p. 278. 

4 Western Islands, or Azores. 



176 A. Yankee Privateer sman in Prison. [April, 

land all around us — Corvo, Flores and Pico — and, by Capt. Thompson's 1 
reckoning, he was three degrees to the eastward of them all, and would be 
mad if any of his officers told him to the contrary. But so it proved, we 
run down by them all, and went to the northward of St. Mary's and Madei- 
ra, and very squally all the while we ran them down. Some days after we 
had passed these lands, we spoke with several vessels, both French and 
Spaniards ; and as soon as we got in the latitude of the Bay of Biscay, 
we carried away our foretopmast with our master and mate on the topmast 
shrouds ; both saved, but the master little bruised. We saved the topmast 
rigging and sails. The next day we got up a new topmast ; still blowing 
very hard to the northward. 

March 12th, we fell in with a bark from Whitehaven, bound to Jamaica, 
Sponsiby, master. We took her about twelve o'clock at night, and boarded 
her the next morning, when we put Mr. Fuller in her, as prizemaster, and 
Ingraham, as mate, and sufficient hands to work her. She was ordered into 
Port L'Orient, in France. 

And now the wind got to the eastward, sometimes blowing very hard, 
and sometimes moderate. March loth, we carried away our bowsprit home 
to the bow, with our spritsail, and spritsail-topsail jib and staysail all bent. 
It was about nine at night, when it was carried away ; raining and blowing 
very hard, when all hands were hard at work in getting the rigging on 
board. 

The next day, employed in splicing the bowsprit, and getting all the rig- 
ging out again, but could not carry our spritsails for fear of carrying our 
bowsprit away the second time. 

Still in the Bay of Biscay, April the 3d, we fell in with a brigantine, 
Fleece, from Lisbon, bound to Cork, laden with wine and salt. We took 
her, and put on board of her, Mr. Dillaway, as prizemaster, and men suffi- 
cient to work her, and sent her for France. A few days after, fell in with 
another bark from London, bound to Quebec. She mounted sixteen car- 
riage guns. We came up with her just after sundown. She fired a gun to 
leeward, — a signal for friendship, — but we gave them a broadside, and the 
cheers. They returned us the compliment, and thus commenced hostilities. 
Gun for gun was our play. All the damage they did us, was cutting away 
our foretopsail halliards, and two strands of our mainstay close to the nut. 
The wind blowing very hard, and a heavy sea which made a continual breach 
over us, that we could not sight our guns to advantage. The damage done 
them was by killing the master's mate and boatswain, and wounding one 
or two more; and a very heavy squall coming up, we lost sight of her in 
the night. 2 

Still continuing our cruise in the Channel of England, till the 12th of 
April, when we fell in with a sloop from Lisbon, bound to Southampton, 
having on board wine and fruit ; we took her, and put Mr. Bulfinch on board 
her as prizemaster (being our first lieutenant), and men sufficient to work 
her into France. And we proceeded for France, as fast as possible, the 
wind being to the southward. 

1 James Thompson, captain, brigantine Rising States— see Roll. This officer commanded 
that vessel when she was taken by the Terrible, April 15, 1777, and was made prisoner and 
committed to Forton Prison, June 14, 1777, with his men. He effected his escape with 
others from prison, June 19, 1777, and got safely into France, whence he sent letters after- 
wards and contributions of money to his less fortunate shipmates. See entries in Journal, 
for April 15, June 13-14, 19, 23, Aug. 9, Oct. 31, 1777, and March 18, 1778, &c. Vide Reg- 
ister, xxvi. 26. 

2 The escape of this vessel was probably instrumental in the capture of the Rising States 
by a seventy-four, April 15, following. 



1876.] A. Yankee Privateersman in Prison. 177 

The next day, the wind shifted to the eastward. We spoke with several 
French vessels, all bearing for the coast of France. On the 15th of 
April, about sunrise, we spied a large ship to windward and another astern. 
This one astern began to make sail after us. We called all hands on deck, 
to dt) the same ; and making all the sail we could, we found they gained on 
us ; then we began to lighten our ship by throwing eight of our carriage 
guns overboard, and everything else we came across. When they came 
within gunshot, they began firing at us their nine-pounders from their fore- 
castle. When some came over us, and some alongside, we knew that we 
were taken; and that we would not be behind hand in returning the 
compliment, we got out two of our own stern-chases, and began firing them 
at the ship. The captain of the ship, enraged at our small ship firing upon 
him (a seventy -four gun ship), ordered the gunner to get out three eighteen 
pounders forward, and sink us when we came alongside. But our having 
English prisoners on board, prevented its being put into execution. We had 
thirty-seven on board when we were taken, and nineteen prisoners ; thus 
was our situation. 

When we were taken, it was by His Majesty's Ship Terrible, of 74 guns, 
Sir Richard Bickerton, commander. 1 As soon as we had struck, they sent 
their cutter on board, and ordered Capt. Thompson into the boat, and pushed 
him off the quarter-deck, and used him very ill. Likewise, carried all of our 
people, prisoners and all, except Mr. Martin and three boys, who were or- 
dered to stay on board till they arrived at Spithead. Our officers were 
ordered into the gun-room of the ship, and the men under the half-deck, on 
three-quarters of allowance, with marine sentinels over us. 

The third day after we were taken, which was the 18th of April, the ship 
began to make the best of her way for Spithead, and standing into the 
Channel, we had near liked to been lost off the Rocks of Scilly. 2 Our 
brig being about one half a league ahead, made the first breach in the night, 
being close on board the rocks, and fired several signal guns, which were 
answered by our ship, and before we could put our ship about, the brigan- 
tine was afoul of our quarter, and carried away our ship's starboard quarter 
gallery ; our ship struck twice, but did no other damage. When we had got 
clear of the rocks, we stretched away for the westward in Bristol Channel ; 
and took us three days to beat out again, when we met with a gale of wind, 
and carried our maintopmast by the board, sails all standing, about nine 
o'clock at night, rained and blowed very hard. The next day, employed 
about getting up a new topmast, and the rigging overhead ; and we almost 
starved, not allowed to go to any part of the ship without a sentinel. Some- 
times we had nothing but burgout 3 and peas, without salt, butter or meat ; 
only what we begged from some of the sailors, as it happened there were 
some of our own countrymen on board. 

[To be continued.] 

1 The Ship Terrible, 74 guns, Sir R. Bickerton, captnin, put into commission, Nov. 

4, 1776, at Portsmouth. The Terrible, 74, mentioned as having taken American vessels, in 
a list of the line-of-battle ships cruising in the British Channel, Julv, 1777. — Town and Coun- 
try Magazine (London), for 1776, pp. 611, 613 ; 1777, p. 389. The Terrible was of Keppel's 
fleet, in 1778, and was struek by lightning, April 23, 1779 — vide account in Gentleman's 
Magazine, for 1779, p. 215. The Terrible, 74 guns, was of Admiral Sir Samuel Hood's fleet, 
arrived at Sandy Hook from the West Indies, Aug. 1781. In the naval engagement, Sept. 

5, 1781, between the British and French fleets, off the Chesapeake, the Terrible was so 
much damaged, as occasioned the taking out her guns, &c, and setting her on fire. — Vide 
Heath's Memoirs (Boston, Aug. 1798), pp. 304, 311 ; Bancroft, Hist. U. S. x. 515. 

2 Vide Register, xxiv. 50, note. 

3 "Burgue," in original. 

VOL. XXX. 15 



178 Record-Booh of the First Church in Charlestown. [April, 



[1706] 
June 



16 



(Continued from vol. xxix. page 294.) 
— Page 300 {Concluded). — 

Mary D of John & Sarah Devereux 

Sarah D of m r Francis & Mary Bafset 

Mary D of Benjamin & 

Rachel D of Thomas & 

Sarah D of Richard & Mary Boylftone 



Devereux. 

Bafset 

Pierce 

Harris 

Boylstone. 



1706 
M 

July 

Autrst 



Septcm r : 



Octob r 

Novcm r 
Decem r 



1706 
M. 

Jan. 



Feb: 



March 



D 

21 
25 



Baptized 



Pacre 301 — 



15 
22 



29 

13 
27 
10 
17 
1 
8 

15 
22 

29 



D. 

5 
12 
19 
26 

9 



16 

23 

2 

16 
23 



30 



Bathe. 
Foster. 
Ruck 

Austin. 

twins of John & Mehitabel Rand — Rand. 

Phipps. 

Wood. 

Rand. 



Mary I) of m* Adam & m r3 Mary Bathe — — 
Elizabeth D. of m r Richard & m M Parnel Foster, 

Thomas S. of m r Tho: & m rs Anna Ruck — — 

rr» * L >■ sons of James & Mary Austin — 
1 horn as ) J 

Jfaac & 

Rebekka 

Jofeph S. of Jofej)h & Mary Phipps 

Samuel S. of Samuel & Hannah Wood — — 

Elizabeth 1) of John & Elizabeth Rand — — 

Martha J), of Elizabeth Read. 

William S of Charles & Elizabeth Ilunnewell 

Sarah I), of John & Elizabeth Pierce — — 

Mary D. of Job & Mary Halliard — — 

Samuel S of Samuel & Surah Buchifon — — 

James S of Elkana & Elizabeth Ofburn — — 

Mary D. of Maj' Henry c v v M" Anna Smith — 

Oliver S. of Oliver & Anna At wood. — — 

Samuel S. of Samuel & Hannah Trumble — 

Mercy D of m r Benj & m w Mercy Frothingham 

Eliz: D. of m r .Michael & m" Releif Gill ' — 

Samuel D of m r Samuel & m™ Hannah — 

Jonathan S. of Robert & Margarit Ward — 

Hannah D of William & Abigail Kettle — 



Baptized 



— Page 302 — 



Anna D. of Col: Henry & m" Anna Smith 
John S. of William & Hannah Hurry 
Sarah D. of m* Samuel & m" Sarah Cutler 
Jofeph S. of Benjamin & Mary Kettle 
William S of m r William & m rs Abigail Smith 
Richard S of m r Thomas & Lord 

Mary D. of Nathaniel & Eliz: Howard 
Deborah D. of Phillip & Deborah Cutler 
Thomas S of Caleb & Abigail Crofsewel 
Mary D. of Benjamin & Anna Lawrence 
John S. of m r Edward & m rs 
Elizabeth D of m r Abraha & m r3 Martha 
Mary W. of Miller Frost — — — - 

Timothy S. of Jonathan & Eliz: Sherman. 
Rebekkah. D. of Elias & Abigail Stone. 
Eliz: D of m r Calvin & m rs Katharine Galpin • 
Eliz: D of Edward & Mary Sheaffe — ■ 

Eliz: Dunklin — — — — — — ■ 

Rebekkah D. of Jacob & Eliz: Hurd — • 



Hufiewel 

Pierce. 

Ililliard. 

lluchifon. 

Ofburn. 

Smith. 

Atwood. 

Trumble 

Frothingham 

(Jill 

Frothingham 

Ward 

Kettle. 



Smith 

Hurry. 

Cutler 

Kettle 

Smith 

Lord 

Howard 

Cutler 

Crofsewel 

Lawrence. 

Emerfon 

Hill. 

Frost 

Sherman. 

Stone 

Galpin. 

Sheaffe. 

Dunklin. 

Hurd. 



1876.] Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown. 179 



17 



April 



07 



6 
13 



20 



— Page 302 {Concluded). — 

Ephraim S of m r Ephraim & m" Martha Breed Breed 
Stephen. | John. | Samuel | William | Mary | 

children of Stephen & Mercy Badger — Badger 

Benjamin S of Benjamin & Lucy Phillips — Phillips. 

John S of John & Sufannah Frothingham — Frothingham 

Sarah D of John & Sarah Waters — — — Waters. 



17 



May 



June 

July 

Aucrs* 



Sept. 



Octo': 



07 



18 

15 

29 

6 

3 

10 
24 

31 



7 

14 

28 

5 
19 



Baptized — Page 303 — 

Mary Noffitur — — — — — — — Noffiter 

Katharine \ D 3 of m' John & m" Abigail _ Rainer 

Miller S of Miller & Mary Froft — — — Froft 

Katharine 1) of m r Jonathan & m" Katharine Dows Dows. 

John S of John & Hannah Damon — — — Dammon. 

John S of John & Abiel Ilovey. — — — Hovey. 

Henry Pounden — — — — — — — Pounden 

Mary Rofe — — — — — — — Rofe. 

Benjamin S of Benjamin Hurd — — — Ilurd 

William S of Robert & Ruth Wier — — — Wier 

Sarah Mirick — — — — — — — Mirick 

Anne D of Thomas & Esther FrothinghO-. — Frothingham. 

Sarah D. of Joseph & Sarah Rand. — — Rand. 

William | Thomas | Edward | 

Sons of m r William & Elener Wire. — — Wire 

Hannah. D. of William & Hannah Teal — — Teal. 

Stephen. S of Stephen & Ford — — Ford 

Elizabeth. D. of Caleb & Anne Call — — Call 

Henry S. of m r Ifaac & Rebekka Fowl — — Fowl. 

Eliz: D of m r Nathaniel & Hannah Cary. — Cary. 

Deborah Lee (adult) — — — — — — Lee. 

Lydia D of m r Eleazer & m" Lydia Phillips — Phillips 

Eliz: D. of James & Patience Webber — — "Webber 

Abigail D of William & Perfis Rand — — Rand 



1707 
Novem r 



Decern 1 



17 

Jan 



Feb. 



170 
March 



9 
16 



28 

07~^ 
4 

25 

15 



Baptized — Page 304 — 

Isaac S. of Stephen & Mary Kidder — — Kidder. 

Thomas S. of William & Sarah Melenden — Melenden. 

Mary D. of Chriftopher & Mary Goodwin — Goodwin. 

Mary D of & Mary Sanford — Sanford. 

Elizabeth D of Thomas & Harris — Harris 
Eleazer | Ifaac j Sufannah | 

Children of m r Eleazer & Sufannah — Johnfon 
Hannah D. of m r Samuel & m" Hannah Froth- 
ingham. Frothingha 
Lydia D. of Joseph & Mary Heath. — — Heath. 

John S. "of William & Hannah Stevens — — Stevens 

Abigail D. of Samuel & Rachel Knight — — Knight. 

Abigail D. of John & Hannah Newel — — Newel. 

Andrew. S of m r John & m rs Sarah Foy. — Foy 

Edward. S. of Samuel & Hannah Counts — Counts. 

Anne. D of in r Francis & m" Mary Baffit — Baffit. 

Katharine. D. of m r Eleazer & m rB Sufannah. — Johnson. 

John S. of John & Mary Rofe — — — Rofe. 



180 Record-Boole of the First Church in Charlestown. [April, 



April 



14 



21 



11. 



18 



— Page 304 {Concluded). — 

Nathaniel S of William & Mary Sheaff — 
William S. of William &: Hannah Hurry 
Thomas. S of Jofeph <S; Mary Wood — 

Jofepli S. of Stephen & Mercy Badger — 



Benjamin. S. of Nathaniel & Hannah Frothingham. 
Sarah 1). of Jacob & Katherine Waters — — 
Katharine 1). of Jonathan & Katharine Kettle 
Mary. D of Samuel & Hannah Trumble. — 
Benjamin S. of m r Benj. & m n Abigail Bunker 
John. S. of m r Samuel & m" Elizabeth Burr — 



Sheaf. 
Hurry. 
Wood 
Badger. 

Frothingha 

Waters. 

Kettle. 

Trumble 

Bunker. 

Burre 



1708 




May 


2 




9 




16 


June 


13 


July 


4 




1 1 




25 


Aug* 


1 


Sept. 


5 




2G 


Nove mbr 


28 


Dece mbr 


19 


170 


8.9 


Jan 


9 




16 




23 



1707.8 

Month 

Febr. 



March 

1708-9 



1709 
April 



Dav 
6 

13 

20 
27 



13 
20 

10 

17 
24 



Baptiz — Page 305 — 

Daniel S. of John & Grace Eades — — 

Deborah. I), of Philip & Deborah Cutler — 

Joshuah S of m 1 Joshuah vS: Sarah Scottow — 

William S. of m r W" & Abigail Smith — — 

Mary Pollod (Adult pfon) — — — — 

Abigail D. of Thomas & Sarah White — — 

Mary I), of Nathaniel & Eliz Webber — — 

Elizabeth. D. of Henrv & Elannab Bodce — 

Dudley S. of Richard & Mary Boilston — — 
Benjam S of m 1 Benj & Mercy II Frothingham 

Rebecca D of John & Mehitabel Kami. — • — 

Hannah D. of Thomas & Mary Fofdick — 

Hannah D. of John & Sarah Bdmunds — — 

Mary D. of John & Sufannah Toocker — — 

m r Jacob Waters — — — — — — 

Richard S. of m r Thomas <S: Eliz: Lord — — 
Jonailian S of m* Jonathan & Fofdick 

Jerahmeel S. of Benj: & Pierce — — 

flames S. of .Tames «Sc Mary Auftin — — 

William S of m r Zechariah & Dorcas Symms — 
Joseph. S. of m r Jonathan &m™ Kaiharifi Dows. 

John S. of Jacob & Elizabeth Hurd. — — 

Jofeph S. of Stephen & Margarit Fofdick — 

Jane. 1). of Charles & Eliz. llufieweil — — 



Baptized 



Pane 306 — 



Nathaniel S. of M r Ebenezer & Rebekah Austin 
Andrew. S. of Caleb & Abigail Crofsewell — 
John S. of m r Stephen & Mary Kidder — — 
Jofeph, & Samuel, Sufafiah & Margarit, children 
of Jofeph & Sarah Mirick — — — — — 
Abigail D. of John & Eliz. Pierce — — — 

Sarah D. of John & Abiel Hovey — — — 

Richard S. of Elias & Abigail Stone — — 
Annah D. of m r Nathaniel & Annah Addams. — 

John Foskit | Miriam Fofkit | Abigail Fofkit. | 
Samuel S. of Samuel & Abigail Trumble — 
Bets. S. of Oliver & Anna Atwood, — — 

Hannah D. of m r Nathaniel & Hannah Cary — 



Eades 

Cutler. 

Scottow . 

Smith 

Pollod 

White. 

Webber. 

Bod ! 

Boilston 

Frothingha 

Rand. 

Fofdick. 

Edmunds 

Toocker 

Waters 

Lord. 

Fofdick. 

Pierce. 

Auftin. 

Symms. 

Dows. 

Hurd 

Fofdick. 
Ilufiewell 



Austin. 

Crofsewell 

Kidder. 




Stone. 
Addams. 

Fofkit. 
Trumble 
Atwood. 
Cary. 






1876.] Record-Booh of the First Church in Charlestown. 181 



May 



Iunc 
July 



1 

8 

15 

22 



29 
2G 

3 
17 

13 



— Page 306 (Concluded). — 

Mary D. of m r Abraham & Martha Hill — Hill. 

Samuel S. of M r Samuel & Sarah Cutler — Cutler 

James. S. of m r James & Abigail Miller — Miller. 

Abigail. D. of Robert & Mercy Fofkit — Fofket. 

Sarah J), of m r John & Sarah Waters — Waters 

Sarah D. of William & Perfis Rand — Rand. 

Elizabeth D. of Jonathan & Elizabeth Sherman Sherman. 

Samuel S. of m r Samuel &.m f8 Eliz: Pur — Pur 

Simon. S. of Simon & Mary Bradstreet. — Pradftreet. 

Rebeka, I), of m r Ephraim & m M Martha Breed Breed 

Mary J), of Pcnj. & Mary Kettle — — Kettle. 

John. S. of John & Hannah Login — — Login. 

Hannah D. of Benj. & Lucy Phillips — — Phillips. 

Mary D. of Stephen cS: Ford — — Ford. 



1709 
M. 

Augt 



Sept. 



Octob r 



Nove 1 ™". 



Decern 1- 
Januar 



D. 

7 
14 

28 

10 



18 



25 



16 



23 
13 

27 

18 
1 



Baptized 



Pasre 307 — 



Nathaniel. S. of m T Calvin & m" Katharine Galpin Galpin. 

Thomas. S. of m r Tho. & m n Sybil! Greaves — Greaves. 

Sarah. W. of m r Jair.es <Sc m n Sarah Fowl. — Fowl. 

Ruth of Elkana & Elizabeth Of burn: — — Ofburn. 

Eliezer S. of Robert & Ruth Wire. — — Wire. 

Rebekah I), of [faac & Rebekah Fowl. — — Fowl. 

Abigail D. of Benjamin & Hurd — — Hard. 

Robert. S. of Robert & Katharine Cutler — Cutler 

Nathaniel S. of Jofeph & Sarah Rand — — Rand. _ 

Johanna D. of Chriftopher <Sc Mary Goodwin. Goodwin 

Rebekah D. of Jeremiah & Margaret Storer — Storer. 

John S. of William & Hannah Teal. — — Teal. 

Elizabeth I), of James & Elizabeth Capen — Capen. 

Abigail. D. of m r Samuel & Frothingham. Frothingham. 

Margarit. I). of Edward & Mary Sheaf. — — Sheaf. 

Elizabeth 1). of James & Patience Webber — Webber. 

Jofeph. S. of Miller & Mary Frost — — Froft. 

Caleb. S. of m r Caleb & Anne Call — — Call 

Benjamin S. of m r Benjamin & m Mercy Froth- Frothingham 

ingham. 

Mary D of m r Thomas & m r9 Mary Clark ' — Clark 

Bethiah 1). of Samuel & Huchifon — Huchifon. 

Esther I), of William & Hannah Hurry — — Hurry 

Benjamin S. of John & Grace Eads — — Eads. 

Sufannah D. of Nicholaus & Mabel Hoping — Hopping 

Mary D. of Amos & Mary Story — — — Story. 

Enoch. S. of m r John & Susannah Frothingham Frothingham 

Mary D. of m r Richard &* Mary Miller — — Miller. 

Thomas. S. of m r Nathaniel & Hannah Froth- Frothingham 

insrham 



170910 

month 

Jan. 


Day 
22 


Feb 


5 


March 


12 

19 

5 



Baptized 



Pase 308 — 



VOL. XXX. 



Jacob S. of m r Nathaniel & Elizabeth Howard Howard 

Thomas S. of m r Thomas & Eliz. Lord — Lord 

James S. of m r James & Elizabeth Capen — Capen. 

Mary D. of Elifha & Mary Doubleday — — Doubleday 

Mary D. of m r Michael & m rs Relief Gill — Gill. 

Hannah D. of m r John & Sarah Edmunds — Edmunds 

Peter S. of m r Francis & m rs Mary Pafset — Bafset. 

Samuel S. of Samuel & Knight — — Knight 

15* 



182 Record-Booh of the First Church in Charlestown. [April, 



1710 
April 



May 



June 

July 
Au-juft 



1710 

Monti 

( October 

Nove mr 



Decern 1 



1710.11 
January 



Feb. 



March 



April 



12 
13 



2 

9 

16 

30 

7 

14 

21 

I 1 ' 1 

11 
gth 

16 



D 
15 

5. 

19 



26 



10 



24 



31 



14 



— Page 308 {Concluded). — 

Katharin D. of m r John & m rs Anna Phillips — 

Hannah D. of Samuel & Hannah Wood — • — 

Mary D. of Stephen & Mercy Badger — — 

M r Xathaniel Addams — — 



co u tV Twins > of m r John & m" Sarah Fov 
8 baran u. \ 

Jofeph S. of Jofeph & Mary Heath — — 

Abigail D. of m r Jonathan & Katharine Kettle 

Richard S. of William <Sc Sarah Melenden — 

William S. of m r William & Abigail Kettle — 
William S. of m r William & Hannah Patten — 
Hannah I) of m r William & Hannah Patten — 
Elizabeth I>. or' m* Richard & m n Eliz. Jan 
Mary !). of m' William & Mary Sheaff — — 
Martha. J), of m r Jof iah & m n Martha Montjoy 

Mary D. of the Kevd m r Thomas & n\ r - Mary Tuft 
Jfabel Pouning (an adult perfon) — — 

George S. of m 1 George & Abigail Darling — 
Edmund S. of John & — — 

William S. of m 1 William & Elener Wire — 
Mary 1 >. of m' W" 1 ,S; Mary Rowfe — — 

. S. of James & Hannah Lowden — — 



Baptized 



Pa?e 309 



Efther I), of m* Caleb & Anna Call — — — 
David S of Jofeph & Mary Wood — — — 
M r Henry Bodge — — — — — — 

Elizabeth 1>. oi m r Jonathan & M Katharine; Dows 
Timothy S. of m r Timothy ft dwin — 

Mary 1). of m r Henry & Hannah Bodge — — 
Nicholam S. of m' Eleazer & Sufannah Johnson 
Anna 1). of m r Richard & Mary Boylftone — 
Abigail J), of m r Ben] <.^ M™ Abigail Bunker — 
Patience 1>. of Charles & Eliz. llunnewell — 
Timothy S. of m 1 Ebenezer & Rebekah Auftin 
.Mary D. of m 1 ' William <N: Abigail Smith — 

Benjamin S. of Caleb & Abigail Crofsewel — 



21 



11 



4 
11 
18 
25 



Samuel S. of m r Samuel & Frothin<iham 

John S. of m r John & m rs Sarah Waters — 

Abigail 1). of m r Benj & Pierce — — 

Sarah. D. of M r Thomas & m TS Sybill Greaves 
Samuel S. of m r William & m rs Mercy Butrech. 
Zechariah S. of m* John & Johnfon — 

25 Abigail D. of Stephen & Margarit Fofdick — 
Sarah D. of m r Jacob & Elizabeth Ilurd — 

Sarah D. of m r John & m" Anna Phillips — 
Rebekah D. of m r Samuel & m" Elizabeth Burr. 
Abraham S. of m r Samuel & m r8 Sarah Cutler. 
Thomas of John & Hannah Login — — 

James S. of m r Samuel [?] & Trumbal 

Katharine D. of m r Xathaniel Webber — — 



Phillips 

Wood 

Badger. 

Addams 



Foy 

Heath 
Kettle, 
Melenden. 

Kettle. 
Path n 

Patten. 

Jan i> 

Sheaff. 
Montjoy. 

Tuft. 
Powning 
! tarling 

Hand 
Wire. 
Knn B6. 

Lowden 



Call. 

Wood 

Bodge 

Dows. 
Goodwin 
Bodge 
Johnson. 

Boylftone. 
Bunker 

liuflewell. 
Auftin. 
Smith 
Crofsewel. 

Frothingham. 
Waters. 
Pierce. 
Greaves. 
Butreck 
Johnson 
Fofdick 
Hurd. 
Phillips 
Burr. 
Cutler. 
Login 
Trumball 
Webber 



1876.] Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown. 183 



1711 
M 

April 
May 

June 



July 
Auguft 

Sept 



Octob 



M 

Octo r . 


1711 
]) 
21 


Nov r 


4 




11 


Decern 1 


18 

25 

2 


1711-12 
Jan. 


9 
23 

27 


Feb 


3 




10 
17 


March 


24 
2 



D. 

29 th 
13 

3 

10 th 



17 



24 

15 
29 
19 
26 

2 
•9 

23 

30 

7 



16 
23 



Baptized — Page 310 — 

Benjamin. S. of Benjamin & Ilurd — Hurcl 

Johanna 1). of M r Nicholaus & Johanna Johnson Johnfon 

Hannah D. of Jofeph & Sarah Mirick — — Mirick 

Sarah D. of William & Sarah Melenden — — Melenden 

Rebeka D. of Elkanah & Elizabeth Of burn — Of burn 

Henry S. of m r Henry & Sarah Davis. — — Davis 

James. S of m r James & Abiah Turner — — Turner 

«*■ p > D. of m r Thomas & Mary Harris — Harris 

Mercy D of Robert & Mercy Fofkit — — Fof kitt. 

Jonathan S. of m r . Abraham & Martha Hill — Hill. 

Margarit D. of Jeremiah & Storer Storer. 

M* Elisha Doubleday — — — — — Doubleday. 

Thomas S of m r Vincent & m r8 Hannah Carter. Carter. 

Abigail. D. of mr John & m r9 Abigail llainer — Rainer. 

Thomas. S of William cSc lVrfis Rand — — Hand 

Ebenezer S. of Jofeph cS: Sarah Rand — — Rand. 

Elizabeth D. of m r Thomas & Eliz. Lord — Lord. 

Efther D. of William & Teal — — Teal. 

Zechariah S. of Zechariah & Mildred Davis — Davis 

o atV . r ( Crowch Adult perfons — — — Crowch. 

Hannah D. of m r Richard & Mary Miller — Miller 

Samuel S. of Simon & Mary Bradftrect — Bradftreet. 

Edward. S of Edward & Mary Sheaff — Sheaff. 



Baptized — Fage 311 — 

Mary D. of m r flames & Mary Auftin — — Auftin 

Thomas S of m r Benjamin & Balch — Raich 

Sarah D. of m r John & Eliz. Pierce — — Pierce 

Sarah D. of m r John & Grace Ivies — r- — Edes. 

William S. of m r William & Hannah Hopping Hopping 

Rebekah D. of m r Ephraim & Martha Breed — Breed. 

Mary D of ni r James & Fowl — — Fowl. 

Benjamin S. of m r John & Sarah Foy — — Foy. 

Mary D of m r Samuel & Mary Smith — — Smith 

Mercy AV. of William Rogers — — — — Rogers 

Stephen S. of. Miller & Mary Froft — — — Froft. 

Mary D. of M r Theophilus & Katharine Jvory Jvory. 

Rebekah D of M r Jonathan & Eliz: Sherman — Sherman 

Ebenezer. S. of M r . William & Hannah Stevens Stevens. 

Benjamin S. of M r Benj. & Mary Kettle — Kettel. 

Abigail D. of M r . Stephen & Mary Kidder — Kidder. 

William S. of m r . William & Margarit Alley — Alley. 

Benjamin S. of m r . William & Mary Sheaff. — Sheaf. 
Mercy D. of m r . Benjamin & Mercy Frothingham Frothingham 

Katharin D. of m r Robert & Katharin Cutler. — Cutler. 

David. S. of m r . William & Elener Wire — Wire 
Hannah D. of m r James Capen jun r & Eliz. his wife Capen 
Abigail Mirick & her Sifter Annah Mirick (Adult 

perfons) Mirick 

John. S of m r John & Johnfon — — Johnfon 

Anne D. of M r . Tho. Fofdick & Mary his wife Fofdick 

Jofiah S. of M r Ebenezer & Prudence Swan. — Swan 

Ruth D. of Jofeph & Ruth Hopkins — — Hopkins 



184 



Brief History of the Register. 



[April, 



BKIEF HISTORY OF THE REGISTER. 1 

From the Report of the Committee on Publication, by Albert H. Hoyt, A.M. 

OON after the organization of this Society, its members took into formal 
consideration the feasibility of publishing a magazine to be "devoted to 
the printing of ancient documents, wills, genealogical and biographical 
sketches, and historical and antiquarian matter generally." The value of such 
a periodical and its pressing necessity, in view of the scattered and perishing 
condition of the larger part of such important materials of history, were 
sufficiently obvious. 

It was not, however, until the autumn of the year 1846, that definite 
arrangements were concluded for the publication of such a work under the 
auspices of the Society. By this arrangement it was understood and agreed 
between the publisher and the Society that the "title and good will" of the 
magazine should forever remain in the Society, and that it should be pub- 
lished and edited under its general direction ; but that the salary of the 
editor and all other costs and charges incident to the undertaking should be 
paid by the publisher. A member of the Society volunteered to publish 
the magazine, and an editor was chosen by the Society, — the Rev. Wil- 
liam Cogswell, D.D. 2 

The first number was issued on the fifth day of February, 1847, under 
the title of "The New-England Historical and Genealogical Register." 
Under this title every volume of this Quarterly has been regularly issued 
without interruption ; and with adequate support, we see no reason why it. 
should not be continued for generations to come. 



1 A history of the Register for the first seventeen years of its existence was written in 
1863 by rhe present editor, and was printed as the preface to vol. xvii., which volume was 
edited by him. — Ed. 

2 The following is a statement of the names of those who have edited volumes or parts 
of volumes of the Register, their residences at time of election, and the numbers edited 
by them respectively : 

The Rev. William Cogswell, D.D., of Boston, 

Samuel G. Drake, A.M., of Boston, . 

"William Thaddeus Harris, A.M., of Cambridge, 

Samuel G. Drake, A.M., of Boston, 

The Hon. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M.D., of Boston, 

Samuel G. Drake, A.M , of Boston, 

The Rev. Joseph B. Felt, LL.D., of Boston, . 

The Hon. Timothy Farrar, LL.D., of Boston, ■. 

William B. Trask, of Dorchester, 

Samuel G. Drake, A.M., of Boston, 

William B. Trask, of Dorchester, . 

William H. Whitmore, A.M., of Boston, . 

John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, 

Samuel G. Drake, A.M., of Boston, 

William B. Trask, of Dorchester, . 

The Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., of Exeter, N. H. 

The Hon. Charles Hudson, A.M., of Lexington, 

John Ward Dean, A.M , of Boston, . 

William B. Trask, of Dorchester, . 

John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, . 

William B. Trask, of Dorchester, . 

The Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., of Billerica, 

Albeit H. Hoyt, A.M., of Boston, . 

John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, 



Jan. 


1347, 


4i 


.lumbers 


<< 


1818, 


5 


« 


April, 


1849, 


3 


« 


Jan. 


1850, 


1 


«( 


April, 


1850, 


3 


(t * 


Jan. 


1851, 


4 


M 


(« 


1852, 


2 


a 


July, 


1852, 


1 


<< 


Oct. 


1852, 


1 


« 


Jan. 


1853, 


24 


<« 


Jan. 


1859, 


8 


(« 


Jan. 


1861, 


4 


« 


u 


1862, 


1 


<( 


April, 


1862, 


1 


« 


July, 


1862, 


1 


« 


Oct. 


1862, 


5 


a 


Jan. 


1864, 


2 


H 


July, 


1864, 


2 


«« 


Jan. 


1865, 


4 


u 


(« 


1866, 


8 


<( 


(< 


1868, 


32 


i< 


<< 


1876. 







1876.] Brief History of the Register, 185 

From 1847 to 1864, inclusive, the Register had four different publishers. 1 
In the summer of 1864 a few members of the Society, with its consent, 
formed themselves into an association, known as the Register Club, for 
the purpose of securing the continuance of the Quarterly, the members of 
which pledged themselves to bear the responsibility of the publication. 
The Society readily conceded to them the privilege of annually nomi- 
nating the Committee on Publication, the latter choosing the editor. This 
Club existed for nine years, some members going out and other persons 
interested in the work coming in at the end of each year to lend their 
support. They so prudently administered this trust that, while saving 
themselves from loss and gradually enlarging and improving the publication, 
they were enabled out of the small surplus to place upon the shelves of 
the Society's library a considerable number of much-needed volumes and 
useful periodicals. 2 

The editor of the first volume was engaged at a salary of one thousand 
dollars. The first publisher, and for several years nominal editor, of the 
Register, Mr. Drake, kept a book-store, and issued publications of his own. 
He used the pages of the magazine as an advertising medium, and undoubtedly 
realized no inconsiderable returns from that source, as he did also from the 
sale of surplus portions of each issue of the Register. To him as editor 
the publisher of the volume for 1857 paid, we are informed, the sum of 
five hundred dollars as salary for that year. It is stated, also, that two 
hundred dollars were paid to Mr. William T. Harris for editorial service in 

1 The publishers have been as follows: Samuel G. Drake from 1817 to 1861, inclusive, 
except for the years 1852 and 1857; Thomas Prince, 1852; Charles B. Richardson, 1857; 
Joel Munsell, 1862, 1863, and 1864. Since the last date the successive volumes have borne 
the imprint of the Society. David Clapp & Son have been the printers since 1864. 

2 The names of those who were members of the " Register Club," and the years of their 
membership, are as follows : 

Winslow Lewis; M.D., 1865, 1866, 1869, 1871. 

William B. Towne, A.M., from 1865 to 1874, inclusive. 

Frederic Kidder, from 1865 to 1874, inclusive. 

Charles S. Fellows, 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, 1869, 1870. 

William B. Trask, from 1865 to 1874, inclusive. 

William H. Whitmore, A.M., 1865, 1866, 1868, 1869. 

William S. Appleton, A.M., 1865, 1868, 1870. 

Samuel G. Drake, A.M., 1865, 1866, 1867, 1868, 1869, 1870, 1872. 

John K. Wiggin, from 1865 to 1868, inclusive. 

John Ward Dean, A.M., from 1865 to 1874, inclusive. 

Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., from 1865 to 1874, inclusive. 

John M. Bradbury, from 1865 to 1868, inclusive. 

Deloraine P. Corey, from 1865 to 1874, inclusive. 

Edward S. Rand, Jr., A.M., 1865, 1866, 1868. 

The Hon. George W. Messinger, 1865. 

The Rev. Alonzo H. Quint, D.D., 1865, 1866, 1870. 

The Hon. Calvin Fletcher, 1865, 1866. 

Col. Almon D. Hodges, 1865. 

David Clapp, 1865. 

The Rev. Henry M. Dexter, D.D., 1865. 

Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., from 1866 to 1874, inclusive. 

Brig.-Gen. Ebenezer W. Peirce, 1866. 

William R. Deane, from 1866 to 1869, inclusive. 

Francis French, 1866. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., 1867, 1868, 1869, 1870, 1871, 1872, 1874. 

The Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., 1868. 

Albert H. Hoyt, A.M., from 1868 to 1874, inclusive. 

The Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, from 1868 to 1874, inclusive. 

H. H. Edes, from 1870 to 1874, inclusive. 

The Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., 1871, 1872, 1873. 

Thomas Waterman, 1871, 1872. 

Commodore Geo. Henrv Preble, U.S.N., from 1871 to 1874, inclusive. 

John H. Sheppard, A.M., 1872, 1873. 

The Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., 1874. 



L86 



Brief History of the Register, 



[April. 



1849. With these three exceptions, no editor of the Register, so far as 
we are aware, has ever received any compensation for his services. 

The legal and equitable property in the title, subscription list, and good 
will of the Register has always been in the Society ; and this has never 
been questioned by any one, so far as our knowledge extends, since that 
matter was settled by the timely and decisive action of the Committee on 
Publication and the Society in 1849. 1 

And here it is but just to say, that the Society and all friends of the Reg- 
ister are more indebted than is generally known to Mr. John Ward Dean 
and Mr. William B. Towne for prompt and most valuable services, at a 
critical period in the history of our Quarterly, in the autumn of 1861, 
when they saved it from premeditated death. 2 They have also rendered, 
since then, long-continued and unselfish service in its behalf. 3 

To Mr. Joel Munsell, of Albany, who volunteered, at a crisis in the exist- 
tence of the Register, to undertake its publication, we are under great 
obligations. He bore the sole financial responsibility of its publication dur- 
ing the years 1862, 1863, and 1864, "without any idea of deriving profit 



1 The following 1 are the names of those who have served on the Committee on 
and their places of residence at the time of their first election 

Charles Ewer, of Boston, 

The Hon. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M.D., of Boston, 
The Rev. Samuel H. Riddel, A.B., of Boston, . 

David Hamblen, of Boston, 

William T. Harris, A.M., of Cambridge, . 
The Rev. Joseph B. Felt, LL.D., of Boston, . 
The Hon. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, M.D., of Boston, . 
The Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., of Cambridge, . 
Charles Deane, LL.D., of Boston, .... 
J. "Wingate Thornton, A.M., of Boston, . 
William T. Harris, A.M., of Cambridge, . 

Frederic Kidder, of Boston 

The Hon. Timothy Farrar, LL.D., of Boston, . 
William B. Trask, of Dorchester, .... 

Charles Mayo, of Boston, 

The Rev. William Jenks, D.D., LL.D., of Boston, 
Lyman Mason, A.M., of Boston, .... 

f John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston, 
William Reed Deane, of Brookline, .... 

Lemuel Shattuck, of Boston, 

The Rev. Alonzo Hall Quint, D.D., of Jamaica Plain, 
James Spear Loring, of Boston, .... 

The Hon. Francis Brinley, A.M., of Boston, 
Charles H. Morse, of Cambridge, .... 

William H. Whitmore, A.M., of Boston, 
The Hon. Timothy Farrar, LL.D., of Boston, 
William B. Trask, of Dorchester, .... 

The Hon. Charles Hudson, A.M., of Lexington, . 
The Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., of Exeter, N. H. 
George Wingate Chase, of Haverhill, 
William H. Whitmore, A.M., of Boston, . 
William S. Appleton, A.M., of Boston, . 
The Rev. Henry M. Dexter, D.D., of Roxbury, 
The Rev. Elias Nason, A.M., of Billerica, . 
fWilliam B. Towne, A.M., of Brookline, 
Frederic Kidder, of Boston, . . . ... 

tAlbert H. Hoyt, A.M., of Boston, .... 

Charles W. Tuttle, A.M., of Boston, . . 
Commodore Geo. Henry Preble, U.S.N., of Charlestown, 
fThe Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., of Cambridge, . 

tH. H. Edes, of Boston, 

t Jeremiah Colburn, A.M., of Boston, 

t Members of the Committee for 1876. 



Publication, 



Mar. 1847, to 

" 1847, to 

" 1847, to 

Jan. 1849, to 

Feb. 1849, to 

Jan. 1850, to 

" 1850, to 

" 1850, to 

" 1851, to 

" 1851, to 

1851, to 

1851, to 

1851, to 

April, 1852, to 

Oct. 1852, to 

" 1853, to 

1853, to 

1854. 

1854, to 

1854, to 

1855, to 

1855, to 

1856, to 
1856, to 

1856, to 

1857, to 

1858, to 
1861, to 

" 1861, to 
" 1861, to 
Oct. 1862, to 
" 1863, to 
" 1864, to 
1865, to 
1865. 
1867, to 
1867. 
1872, to 
" 1872, to 
" 1873. 
" 1873. 
Oct. 1874. 



Oct. 
Nov. 



Dec. 



Oct. 



Jan. 



Oct. 
tt 

July, 
Jan. 

Oct. 

Mar. 

Oct. 
« 

Dec. 
Oct. 



Dec. 



1851 
1849 
1851 
1855 
1849 
1852 
1851 
1851 
1851 
1852 
1851 
1855 
1854 
1853 
1853 
1858 
1854 



Nov. 



Nov. 

Oct. 

n 

Nov. 



Oct. 1856 

" 1856 

" 1856 

" 1856 

" 1858 

" 1858 

Nov. 1861 

Oct. 1858 

" 1867 

" 1863 

" 1864 

" 1862 

Nov. 1872 

" 1872 

Oct. 1867 

" 1868 

Oct. 1868 

Nov. 1873 

Oct. 1874 



2 See " Publisher's Preface " to vol. xv., for 1861. 

3 For ten years, 1865 to 1874, Mr. Towne managed the business affairs of the Register, 



gratuitously. 



1876.] Brief History of the Register, 187 

from it, but rather as a contribution to a cause in which he felt," and still 
feels, " a deep interest." Mr. William B. Trask also volunteered his ser- 
vices as editor of the first number of the volume for 1862. He has edited 
and assisted in editing fifteen other numbers, besides having been a contribu- 
tor of valuable papers from the beginning. Mr. Frederic Kidder is also en- 
titled to special mention, for having furnished means to one of the early 
publishers, and for other labors in the interest of the Register. 

While the Quarterly was under the control of the Register Club, 
others, besides those already named, rendered important services in extend- 
ing its circulation, among whom Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., and Commodore 
George Henry Preble, U.S.N., should be mentioned. 

The Register Club having voluntarily dissolved in the autumn of 
1874, the financial responsibility for the publication of the Quarterly was 
assumed by the Society, where it now rests ; while its editorial conduct 
still remains in the hands of the editor chosen by the Committee on 
Publication. 

It is gratifying to know that the magazine has a wider circulation at the 
present time than at any former period of its existence ; and the Commit- 
tee have good grounds for believing that it was never more highly appre- 
ciated. Still, as the history of all periodicals teaches, systematic, persist- 
ent and continuous efforts must be made to keep the Register before the 
public and secure its continued prosperity. 

That this publication has accomplished all, and more than all, its pro- 
jectors anticipated, and that it is worthy of continued support, will be 
evident to all who consider how large a number of valuable historical doc- 
uments, and how much of family and town history it has drawn from pri- 
vate sources, and thus saved from destruction or oblivion. Not only this, 
but it has begotten what may properly be styled a habit in the community 
of collecting and preserving such materials. It has also fostered a wide- 
spread and honorable desire among the people generally to ascertain, com- 
pile and secure the data pertaining to family histories, — data obtained with 
difficulty always, even in respect of the later generations, but with still 
greater difficulty the further back the investigation is prosecuted. Advan- 
tage has thus been taken of the aid to be derived from aged people, whose 
clear recollections extended into the last century, and of family traditions. 

When this Society was formed in 1844, only a few genealogies of Ameri- 
can families had been published or printed. The first of which we have 
any knowledge is a pamphlet of twenty-four pages, printed in 1771. Be- 
tween that date and the year 1813, only one more was printed ; while during 
the ensuing thirty years twenty-two were produced. Prior, therefore, to 
the establishment of the Register in 1847, but thirty-two genealogies or 
family pedigrees had been printed ; and these, for the most part, were very 
limited in extent and inferior in character, as compared with most of those 
published at the present day. Since the year 1847, or during the last thirty 
years, the number of genealogies, more or less extended and complete, that 
have been printed, is nearly six hundred ; of which by far the larger num- 
ber were produced in New-England. Of histories of New-England towns, 
published anterior to 1845, we have knowledge of only forty-one ; since 
that date about one hundred and twenty have been published, and many 
more are in preparation. In other parts of the country also, genealogies 
and town-histories are rapidly multiplying. Of each of these classes of 
publications, no inconsiderable number were compiled by subscribers or 
readers of the Register. 



188 Brief History of the Register. [April, 

In this magazine itself will be found the genealogies, or at least histori- 
cal outlines, of about four hundred and fifty families of English origin ; 
while the number of papers containing genealogies, ranging from one page 
or less to ten or more pages, is about one thousand. Besides these are hun- 
dreds of biographical and obituary sketches. Many of these articles em- 
body the results of laborious and costly research. 

Prior to the establishment of this Quarterly, the only book printed in 
this country that could afford much aid in the study of family history, was 
the " Genealogical Register of the First Settlers of New-England," by 
John Farmer, Esq., Corresponding Secretary of the New-Hampshire His- 
torical Society, — a volume of 351. pages, published in 1829. This work was 
a great help to the early conductors of our magazine. From our Register 
Mr. Savage drew largely for materials for his invaluable Genealogical 
Dictionary, published in 1860-1862. He corrected many errors in our 
early volumes ; while many mistakes into which he himself was led, have 
been pointed out, and his own work has been greatly supplemented, in our 
later volumes. 

It may, therefore, be fairly assumed that this Quarterly has afforded no 
little aid and stimulus in all these praiseworthy and useful labors of histo- 
rians and genealogists, — much more aid, apparently, than is sometimes 
acknowledged. 

Moreover, the Register has been essentially serviceable to this Society, 
as its special organ, and as a potential agent in making its existence known 
and its objects respected. Other Societies, too, in New-England and 
beyond, that have done and are doing distinguished and valuable service 
for historical and archaeological science, neither have received nor will 
receive, we are sure, any injury from the circulation of this periodical. 

With the close of the last volume, the writer of this report resigned his 
place as editor, which he had held for eight years, — a longer period of 
continued service, it appears by the records, than has been rendered by any 
of his predecessors. His efforts have been to make the publication worthy 
of the patronage and confidence of historical students and experienced 
genealogists ; to make it thorough and accurate ; to introduce a larger 
proportion of historical matter; to elevate its literary character; to improve 
its typography and dress ; to keep its pages free from personal and party 
animosities ; and to extend its patronage. How far he has succeeded 
in these efforts is best known to the patrons of the work. To the gen- 
tlemen with whom he has been associated on the Publishing Com- 
mittee, he returns hearty thanks for their unvarying kindness, support 
and encouragement. Not the least pleasant of his recollections of this long 
association will be the fact, that from first to last the Committee have been 
a unit in every vote or act affecting the interests of the Register. 

The January number of the Register is already published. With this 
issue the Quarterly enters upon its thirtieth volume, under the editorial 
charge of Mr. John Ward Dean, the librarian. His experience, having 
been a member of the Committee on Publication continuously for upward 
of twenty-one years, and other ample qualifications, are a sufficient guaranty 
that the work will not suffer in his hands. 



1876.] Diary of Hon. William D. Williamson. 189 



EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF THE LATE HON. 
WILLIAM D. WILLIAMSON, OF BANGOR, MAINE, 

WHILE A MEMBER OF THE SEVENTEENTH CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES. 
Communicated by the Hon. Joseph Williamson. 

Thurs. Nov. 29, 1821, left Bangor. 

Nov. 30. Arrived at Augusta, having on the way seen a piece in the 
A. Advocate, and heard something said as to my franking letters as a mem- 
ber of Cong, while acting as Gov r . 

Dec. 1. Arrived at Portland in evening — wrote a letter to Mr. Ames to 
come and take upon himself the office of Chief Magistrate. 

Dec. 3. Mond. Lay my determination of resigning the office of Governor 
before the Council. Objectors a little disappointed that I am so desirous 
and ready to leave the administration. 

Dec. 5. Resign my office of Gov. to Mr. Ames, Spk. of the H. of Rep.. 
Some doubts who ought to administer to him the oaths. 

Thurs. Dec. 6. Left Portland at 5 A.M. breakfast at Saco. 2s. 6d.. 
arrived at Boston at 1 in morning, having supped at Salem, 2s. 6d. — fare 
from Portland to Portsmouth $4.00, thence to Boston $4.00 — whole charge 
of the day $9.40. Slep* at Davenport's. 

Friday, Dec. 7. From Boston to Providence 42 miles, fare, $3. Lodg- 
ing and Break, at D's. 0.75. Expenses of this day, $4.14. From Prov. 
thro' Pomfret to Hartford, is 70. m. fare $4.90. Visited Mr. Messar. 

N.B. Passed through Roxbury, Dedham, Walpole, Attlebury and Patuxet. 
Land on the road stony, hard — growth, oak, walnut, maple. Patuxet has 
cotton factories — buildings of stone. 

Saturday, Dec. 8. Tarried at Blake's Stage-house. Bill for supper last 
night, board this day and breakfast tomorrow morning, $2.58, per his bill. 

Sunday, Dec. 9. Left Prov. for N. London, distant 51 miles : stage fare 
$3.75. Dinner and sling at E. Greenwich 0.50. — had a dreary road through 
a poor country. We passed Cranston, Natic, Greenwich, Stonington to N. 
London. The Thames at N. London between one half and a mile wide. 
Boat will carry four stages at a time : 5 or 6 horses work it. 

Monday, Dec. 10. From N. London to N. Haven 61 miles; arrived at 
4, P.M. Fare, including board from N. London to N. York, $8.00. Rode 
up to N. Haven, took a view of the town, the Colleges all in a range, the 
Churches and the extensive burying-ground — monuments. 

Monday, Dec. 10, con d . From N. Haven to N. York, 90 miles. Changed 
Boats at N. Haven ; got under way at 7 P.M., arrived at N. York 5 next 
morning. 

Tuesday, 11. Got the steward to carry my trunk to the Union Stage 
Coach tavern, in Courtland street — took a sling and breakfast, 0.56. Crossed 
the ferry and took the stage to Newark, 8 m. Elizabethtown, 6. Burling- 
ton 13 m., dined at 4 P.M., dinner only, .62. We passed Princeton in the 
evening, 10 miles from Trenton, and arrived at Trenton, 53 m. from N. Y. 
Fare from N. Y. to Phil a . $5.00, distance, 84 m. Bill at Trenton, supper, 
brandy, lodging, glass of beer, 0.81. Left Trenton in the steamboat at 6, 
A.M. Wednesday. 

vol. xxx. 16 



190 Diary of Hon. William D. Williamson. [April, 

Wednesday, Dec. 12. Arrived at Phil a . at 10, A.M. Breakfast on board 
the steamboat. Changed boats at Phil a . From Phil a to Newcastle, 40 m. 
from N. Castle to Frenchtown, 16 m., thence to Baltimore 70 m., thence to 
W. City 38 or 40. Fare from Phil a . to Frenchtown, on the Chesapeak, 
including dinner on board, $3.50. Passed Wilmington in plain sight, 3 
m. from the water — the water very dirty. Arrived at N. Castle at J past 
3, P.M., took stage, and arrived at Frenchtown at 6, P.M. Supper and 
fare to Baltimore, $3.50. Left at J past 6, P.M. in the steamboat Phil a for 
Baltimore. 

Thursday, Dec. 13. Arrived at Baltimore at 3, A.M. Left Baltimore 
in the mail stage at 6, A.M., took breakfast after riding 12 m. $0.50. 
Reached Washington city at J past 12 at noon, fare $4.00, and went into 
the State House. The House of Representatives had adjourned. 

From Bangor to Boston, 
Thence to Providence, 
Thence to N. London, 
Thence to N. Haven, 
Thence to N. York, 
Thence to Trenton, 
Thence to Phila. 
Thence to Newcastle, 
Thence to Frenchtown, 
Thence to Baltimore, 
Thence to Washington, 

734 $49.00 

RECAPITULATION. 

I find the whole distance from Bangor and Washington as travelled by 
me 734 miles. Some say it is only 468 to Boston from Washington — and 
240 thence to Bangor=708. My stage fare and boat fare, including 4 
meals, was $49.00 

Luggage at N. York and Baltimore , 50 

I was on the* road from Bangor to Portland, 2J days, and 
from Portland to Washington 7 \ days, resting and stopping 
only one day, viz., at Providence. 

Expenses on road besides fare from Bangor to Portland, 2.50 

From Portland to Washington, 12.50 



, 240 miles. 


Fare, $18.25 


42 


3.00 


51 


3.75 


61 C 
90 I 


8.00 


53 C 
31 J 


5.00 


40 ( 
16$ 


3.50 


70 


3.50 


40 


4.00 



$64.50 
At no place on the road were meals more than 50 cts. each, except at 
Burlington, N. Jersey, I paid for Dinner 0.62J. 

Thurs. Dec. 13. Went to the Capitol at \ past one P.M. H. of Rep. 
had adjourned early — saw one or two quondam friends — hunted for a seat — 
returned to Indian Queen Stage tavern. 

Friday, Dec. 14. Settled with the Ass* P. M. Gen. and paid him 
$184.59 in full and took his receipt. Funeral of Mr. Trimble, of Ohio. 
The Marine corps escorted the corpse to the Senate chamber, laid it in front 
of the Pres ta chair, the Senators took the fore seats, the Rep 8 , the hinder 
seats, the Pres* of the Senate and Spk r . of the House sat together in the 
PresV seat, the Chaplain in the Secy's place in front of the chair. He gave 
an extemporaneous address of 20 minutes — in substance, " the occasion re- 
minds us all of our own mortality. Tho' we are prone to think less of death 
than of any other thing of moment, yet of all others it ought to fill our 
minds and hearts with the most concern." He then made a short prayer. 



1876.] Diary of Hon. William D. Williamson. 191 

The Senators, the Speaker of the House & the Rep 8 from Ohio, wore 
white scarfs, — the others (members of the House) wore crape on the left 
arm. The coffin was cov d with black velvet, a very large silver plate on its 
lid. Most of both Houses followed the corpse in hacks. 

Friday, Dec. 14. In the first view one has in approaching "Washington, 
his eye fixes on the Capitol, its two stupendous wings ; its two lofty domes. 
It is built of white granite, made more white by a washing. The area of 
many acres about it is enclosed with an iron banister picket fence, standing 
on a wall one & a half foot high, which wall is cap* with hewn stone 2 \ feet 
wide, into which the iron pickets, 5 or 6 feet high are set. A very few 
houses near the Capitol, which stands on an eminence. The Capitol we 
pass, leaving it on the left hand, & enter Pennsylvania Avenue, running 
west from the Capitol, one mile to the President's house. 

Half way down the Avenue is the Indian Queen tavern, where the stages 
leave the travellers unless requested to be left at some other particular 
place. Here one will have a room by himself, fire and candles at 12 or $14 
per week. A bell for each room — the house is divided into sections — a 
servant to a section. Here a number of members, vulgarly called a "Mess," 
put up, and have a separate table. 

As the House of Rep. was very full, I could not find a seat to my mind. 
Took one in the rear. The rule is, they who first attend, select their seats, 
to which, when so selected, the occupants have a prior right till they 
abandon. 

Saturday, Dec. 15. Visited the Library, in the Capitol, — it contains 
about 10,000 vols. Members may take books 2-8 V0S or 12 mos a week 4 t0B or 
folios, 3 weeks to their lodgings. Took seat — the Houses meet at 12 — ad- 
journ at 3 P.M. Sworn — each member is sworn according to the form in 
his own state. I lifted my hand — John Randolph sworn just before me — 
swore on the Bible, and kissed it. Prayers in the morning by the Chaplain, 
the Speaker then takes the chair, calls to order — the members sit with hats 
on or off at pleasure. The Speaker first calls, " Have the members from 
New Hampshire any petitions to present " — " Mass." — and all the states suc- 
cessively. A member rises, holds the petition in his hand, states its sub- 
stance, moves to dispense with reading its details, and to have it referred to 
one of the Standing Committees, naming the Com ee . A page takes it from 
the member, and lays it on the table, and the Speaker says it is now moved 
that the petition last presented be referred, & c . — and it is so referred. Next, 
he calls for reports of Standing Committees, then Special Com ees , then 
motions, resolutions. 

Several resolutions offered ; one by Mr. Whitman to amend the constitu- 
tion as to Electors, & c . 

Sunday, Dec. 16. Attended public services in the Rep. Chamber, — a 
concourse of gent, and ladies. Only one exercise, beginning at 11, A.M. 

Chaplain of the Senate, Mr. P , preached extempore from these 

words, "In Christ Jesus, neither circumcision availeth anything, or un- 
circumcision, but a new nature." He undertook to show the nature, necessity 
and evidences of Regeneration. A Methodist, he variously modulates his 
voice, and has much action. A small choir of singers. 

The hacks stand about the tavern as on other days. 

(To be continued.) 



192 



The Sudbury- Canada Grant, 1741. 



[April, 



THE PROPRIETORS OF THE SUDBURY-CANADA 

GRANT, 1741. 

Communicated by the Hon. Israel Washburn, Jr., LL.D., of Portland, Maine. 

WHILE Mr. Washburn was preparing for publication his " Notes 
Historical, Descriptive and Personal of Livermore, Maine," 
which work was noticed in the Register, volume xxviii. page 483, 
there came into his hands, he writes, "two small memorandum books 
belonging to the family of Dea. Elijah Livermore, the founder of 
that town. In one of them, a small leather-covered book, are 
sundry entries by different hands. Among them is the following 
article, which refers evidently to the proprietors of the Sudbury- 
Canada Grant, ultimately located in Maine, embracing the present 
towns of Jay and Canton." Mr. Washburn has printed in the 
above-named book (page 131), a journal of a person who went out 
to assist in the survey of Livermore in 1772, copied from this book. 
He has also furnished us with other extracts which will appear in 
future numbers of the Register. Editor. 

October y e 26 th 1741. 

A Lift tax of Fifteen Shillings a man to be paid on every wright by the 
petitioners in the Expedition to Canada in 1690 — who are as follows — (viz) 



James Taylor 
John Flin 
John Jones 
John Green 
Thomas Gree 
Ephraim Twichell 
Isaac Shefield 
Pallmer Goulding 
Joseph Johnson 
James Moore 
Ebenezer Flagg 
Daniel Moore 
Joshua Kibbe 
James Taylor 
Nathaniel Morss 
Charles Richardson 
Fr a Mockett 
Richard Ward 
David Bruce 
Sam 1 Graves 
Sam 1 Stone 
Joseph Stone 
Micha Stone 
John Wasson 
Ebenezer Twichell 



Richard Burt 
DaD 1 Mackclafelin 
Joseph Merriam 
Peter Grant 
Sam 1 Graves 
Joseph Trumbull 
Sam 1 Wright, Esq" 
Ebenezer Rice 
John Coggin 
Josiah Coggin 
Sam 1 Robins 
Caleb Bridges 
Ebenezer Newton 
John Fay 
Sam 1 Lyzcom 
Daniel Mixer 
Nathaniel Dike 
William Green 
Tho 8 Weaks 
Daniel Wallker 
Daniel Wallker, Jun* 
John Woodward 
Ebenezer Corey 
Edward Ward 
James Paterson 



1876.] 



The Sudbury- Canada Grant, 1741. 



193 



Amos Hide 

Norman Clark 

Ebenezer Corey, a secondwright 

Noah Parker 

Benj n Parker 

Joseph Bouthetot 

John Clark 

Pvichard Willde 

Joseph Rutter 

Jonathan Parker 

Jacob Gibbs 

Peter Bent 

Randall Davis 

John Jackson 

James Taylor 1 

John Oslin 

John Mixer 

John Jones 

John Green 

Thomas Green 

Ephraim Twichell 

Isaac Shefild 

Palmer Goolding 

Joseph Johnson 

James Moore 

Ebenezer Flagg 

Joshua Kibey 

James Taylor 

Nathaniel Morse 

Charles Richardson 

Francis Mockett 

Richard Ward 

John Brewer 

Samuel Graves 

Sam 1 Stone 

Joseph Stone 

Micah Stone 

John Wesson 

Ebenezer Twichell 

Richard Burt 

Daniel Mackclafelin 

Joseph Meriam 

Peter Grant 



Samuel Graves 
Joseph Tremball 
Sam 1 Wright 
Ebenezer Rice 
John Cogin 
Josiah Cogin 
Sam 1 Robins 
Caleb Bridges 
Abner Nuton 
John Fay 
Sam 1 Lyscomb 
Daniel Mixer 

Fletcher 
Nathaniel Dike 
William Green 
Thomas Wakes 
Daniel Walker 
Daniel Walker, Junior 
John Woodward 
Ebenezer Corey, a firstwright 
Edward Ward 
James Paterson 
Amos Hide 
Norman Clark 

Ebenezer Corey, a secondwright 
Noah Parker 
Benj n Parker 
Joseph Bouthetot 
John Clark 
Richard Willd 
Samuel Parris 

January 27 th 1738 
Received of M r Parker 

y e Colector the sum of 2-15.0 
To convay to y e Tresuar pr me 

Josiah Richardson 
The Tresuar is Cap t Samuel 

Stone, J r of Sudbury 
The Comitee are 
Cap* Samuel Stone 
Cap k Palmer Goolding 
Seg* Joseph Johnson 

Josiah Richardson 



The names of the men admitted into the Sosiatey are as follows- 
are to pay down the sum of Thirteen shillings: 

Joseph Rutter Peter Bent 

Jacob Gibbs Randall Davis 

Jon a Parker 



-who 



1 It will be observed that here commences a repetition of most of the preceding names. 
— Editor. 



VOL. XXX. 



16* 



194 Marriages in West Springfield, 1774-96. [April, 

October y e 3 rd 1741 
A true list of the naimes of the persons are contained hearein that ware 
noted to pay five shillings a man one wright and to be payed to M r Noah 
Parker their Colector and this list is comitted to him accordingly by order 
of y e sd Sosiatey 

Attest Josiah Richardson 

Clerk for sd Sosiatey. 
September the first Tusday 1739 

September y e 14 th 1741 
The Reconing at M r Mokets £. s. d. 

was in the hole 2. 12. 

ondly yet due to sd Moket 3. 6 

The meeting is adjorned to Monday y c 26 th day of October next at 
Twelve oth clock noon sd day 

The adjornement is to the first Tusday of October next at Twelve of 
y e clock noon sd day 
1. 15. 

Framingham, Oct r 26, 1741 
Rec d of Mr. Noah Parker the sum of three pounds four shillings & four 
pence being the expence of the Canada Petitionors &c. 

Pr Francis Moquet 

Framingham, Oct r 26, 1741 
Rec d of Mr. Noah Parker the sum of seven pounds of the Canada 
Petitionors Money 

Pr Pal: Goulding 



MARRIAGES IN WEST SPRINGFIELD, 1774-96. 

Contributed by Lyman H. Bagg, A.M., of West Springfield. 
[Continued from vol. xxix. page 152.] 

The Intentions of Marriage between John Allen of Wt Springfield & 
Rachel Hendrick of Northampton were entered and published July 3, 
1779. 

Lt. John Millar & Mrs. Lucretia Day both of West Springfield were 
joined together in Marriage July 8 th , 1779. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Jacob Chapin & Ruth Bedortha 
both of West Springfield were entered & published July 10 th 1779. [M. 
July 29.] 

The Intentions of Marriage between John Single & Wid° Margaret 
Forbes both of West Springfield were entered and published July 3l 8t 
1779. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Jeremiah Stebbins of Wt Spring- 
field & Elizabeth Brewster of Windham were entered July 31 st 1779, & 
published the same Day. 

Capt John Bryant & Miss Hannah Mason both late of Boston were 
joined together in Marriage Tuesday August 10 th , 1779. 



1876.] Marriages in West Springfield, 1774-96. 195 

The Intentions of Marriage between Mr. Heman Day & Miss Lois Ely 
both of West Springfield were entered and published September 11, 1779. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Thomas Burbank of Springfield & 
Elizabeth Higgins of West Springfield were entered and published October 
9 th 1779. 1 

The following persons were married on the [dates attached?] to their 
respective names by me Joseph Lathrop ? 

Darius Wright & Lovisa Taylor both of West Springfield Jan 16 th 
1783. 

Dirick Van Home & Kachel Bartlet both of West Springfield, Feb. 
17 th 1783. 

Elisha Farnham & Thankfull Day both of West Springfield June 12 th 
1783. 

Roger Cooley Jn r & Huldah Ely both of West Springfield August 7 th 
1783. 

Simeon Ely Jun r & Margaret Smith both of West Springfield August 
21, 1783. 

Capt n Moses Field of Springfield & Mrs. Lydia Champion of West 
Springfield November 26 th 1783. 

Hezekiah Warriner Jun r and Katherine Leonard both of West Spring- 
field December 4 th 1783. 

Joseph Carrier & Irene Howard ( all of West Springfield 

Joseph Howard & Eunice Carrier ( Decern 1 17 th 1783. 

Stephen Miller & Sarah Taylor both of West Springfield February 20 th 
1784. 

Samuel Alvard & Hannah Day both of West Springfield, May 13, 1784. 

The Intention of Marriage between Pelatiah Ashley and Polly Jones 
both of West Springfield was entered January 21, and published the 24, 
1796. 

Paul Chapin of Springfield & Clarissa Killborne of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage 30 June 1784. 

Benjamin Brackett & Lois Tuttle both of West Springfield were joined 
in Marriage Sept. 30 th 1784. 

Capt n Augustus Diggins of Enfield & Miss Sabra Stebbins of West 
Springfield were joined in Marriage Oct 1, 1784. 

David Deane of Washington & Phebe Hitchcock of West Springfield 
were joined in Marriage 6 th Decern 1 " 1784. 

The Intentions of Marriage between Gid n Jones Jun r & Mrs. Lydia 
Woolcott both of West Springfield were entered July 9 th & published the 
10 th 1785. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Isaac Morley Jun r of West 
Springfield & Miss Beulah Harmon of Suffield was entered August 4 th & 
published the 7 th 1785. • 

The Intention of Marriage between Aaron White & Lucy Kellogg both 
of West Springfield were entered & published July 30 th , 1785. 

The Intentions of Marriage between [Seth? Ward?] of Wilmington in 
the State of Vermont; and liuth Taylor of West Springfield, were entered 
August 23 d & published the 28 th 1785. ■ 

1 The preceding records should have been printed after the heading on p. 146 of vol. 
xxix., but they were accidentally omitted. 



196 Documents relating to JPort Royal, [April, 

The Intention of Marriage between Reuben Frost & Hannah Farnham 
both of West Springfield was entered August 23 d & published y e 28 th 1785. 

The Intention of Marriage between Mr. Alexander Wolcott of Springfield 
& Miss Frances Burbank of West Springfield was entered August 30 th & 
published Septem r . 4 th , 1785. 

The Intention of Marriage between John Pheland & Mary Lamb both 
of West Springfield was entered September 3 d and published y e 4 th , 1785. 

The Intention of Marriage between Elijah Bliss and Charlotte Bagg both 
of West Springfield was entered Sept r . 10 th and published the 13, 1785. 

The Intention of Marriage between Oliver Leonard and Abiah Warriner 
both of West Springfield was entered Septem r 24, and published Oct 1 st 
1785. 

The Intention of Marriage between Lewis Smith of West Springfield & 
Eunice Judd of Northampton was entered September 26 th & published Oct 
2, 1785. 

The Intention of Marriage between Solomon Stebbins and Mahlah Day 
both of W* Springfield was entered Oct 1, & published y e 2 d , 1785. 

The Intention of Marriage between Ephraim Deane of Washington in 
the State of Connecticut and Abigail Hitchcock of West Springfield was 
entered November 16 th and published the 22 d 1785. 

[To be continued.] 



DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE EXPEDITION TO 

PORT ROYAL, 1710. 

Communicated by "Walter Lloyd Jeffries, A.B., of Boston. 

THIS expedition, which completed the conquest of Acadia, sailed 
in September, 1710, and arrived before Port Royal towards 
the end of the month. After a short defence the garrison surren- 
dered with the honors of war. 

The good ship Despatch was owned by David Jeffries & Co., of 
Boston, and William and Sheldon Chambers, of London — the two 
firms being intimately connected in business. 

The debtor side of the second document is missing. The third 
document is a copy, written evidently by the clerk of the council, 
the other papers being all originals. 

[Document No. I.] 

[Page 1.] 

The Hon ble ffrancis Nicholson Esq 1 to David Jeffries & Partn r Dr. 

To the Hire of the Ship Dispatch Beamsly Perkins Com^from y e 12 th : of 
Aug* to the 9 th of October Is two months two days at £140 p r month 
being taken up for an Hospital to Port Royal . . £290 .. .. 

Sundrys delivered at Anna Polis Royal formerly Port Royal 
for the use of Her Maj tieB Fort there 



1876.] 



Documents relating to Port Royal. 



197 



To 14900 f» of Boards D d M r Veering 
T296 of Joyce D d Ditto 

30 f" Plank 60 of Boards D d Mr. Hutchinson 
40 of Joyce D d Ditto 

?48 of Boards D d Ditto 



23044 foot .... at 525. p' m 

600 red oak hhd. staves at 35s. p' m 

1800 shingles . . . • at lis. 6c?. p' 

45 foot of oak plank at • 4<f. . 

20 fathom 3 J inch rope .... 



m 



59 17 10 

110 

10 8 

15 

2 



Suma £354 14. 6 

Three hundred fifty four ponds, fourteen shillings & Sixpence New-Eng- 
land mony, makes (at forty per Cent Exchange) Sterling mony, two hun- 
dred fifty three pounds, seven shillings & Sixpence ; being the Exchange 
agreed upon p' y e Councill of War, with M r John Boreland Her Maj tieo 
Agent here. 

By Cap* George Martin Commander of 
Her Maj ties Ships upon the Intended 
Expedition. 

You are hereby required and directed without Loss of time to order the 
fitting & Equipping of the Dispatch ffrigott for the receiving on board the 
Sick & Wounded men, according to yo r agreement with the Councill of 
War ; and I have ordered two Men to Oversee that the work be done as it 
should be, and for yo r so doing this shall be yo r order Dated at Boston this 
12 th of Aug 8 * 1710. G. Martin. 

To Mr Jeffries 
or his Partner 

These. . 

[Page 2.] 

At Her Ma^ 8 Councill of War for the 
Expedition to Port Royal &c : held at 
Boston In New England September 
y e 12 th 1710. 

Pursuant to a vote of the Board the thirty first of July past, That it's 
necessary for y e Service a Ship be taken up to go in the said Expedition, 
as an Hospital for Her Maj ties British forces, And it being reported that 
the Ship Dispatch ffrigott Cap 4 Beamsly Perkins Commander is suitable for 
that occasion and proposals having been made to M r David Jeffries Mer- 
chant, Agent for y e Owners of the said Ship. That the same hire be allow- 
ed for her as was paid by y e Government here for the Ship Marlborough 
Gaily Cap* Carnock, taken up for a storeship in the Last Years intended 
Expedition to Canada, which by the Record presented appears to be at the 
rate Ten shillings p' tun p' month in Consideration of her being Equipt 
w th Twenty Guns. 

Resolved that the like sum of Ten shillings p' tun p' month be paid in 
New England to the Owners of the said Ship Dispatch ffrigott or their 
Agent for her hire, the time commencing on the twelfth Day of Aug 8t Past, 
she being a ship of Greater Burthen & of the same force w th y e Marl- 
borough above named. 



198 



Documents relating to Port Royal. 



[April, 



And that she stand on the same foot as to her risque by y e Enemy, with 
the Establishment of the Massachusets Government for Ships & Vessells, 
by them taken up & hired for the Publick Service & no otherwise. 

G. Martin ffr Nicholson 

Wall: Riddell Sam : Vetch 

Geo: Gordon Rob* Reading 

[Page 3.] 

Boston In New England 9ber 7 th 1710. 

My Lords. 

I desire that yo T Lordships would be pleased to order payment 
thirty days after sight of this my first bill of Exchange, my second, third 
& fourth of the same tenor and date not being paid, unto Mess" William 
& Sheldon Chambers of London Merchants or their order, the sum of Two 
Hundred fifty three pounds, seven shillings & Six pence Sterling mony of 
Great Britain being for the hire of the Ship Dispatch ffrigott being taken 
up p' order of the Councill of War here for an Hospital Ship in the Ex- 
pedition against Port Royal now Anna-Polis Royal ; and for Lumber de- 
livered at Port Royal for her Maj tie9 Fort, according to the acco" herewith. 
I desire that yo r Lordships would be pleased to order the payment according 
to the tenor of this bill & yo r Lordships so doing will be for her Maj ties In- 
terest & Service, I am My Lords 

Yo r Lordships most obedient humble serv" 
To The Right Hon ble Fr. Nicholson. 

the Lords Commissioners of the 

Treasury, at the Treasury 

Chamber at White Hall. 



[Document No. H.] 



P' Contra 



By Sundry Provisions reed out of Her Maj tys Ship 

Dragon viz* 

Bread 4728 : is 42c. ... qrs. 241b. at 22s. £46 

Pork 1310 pds. at 8d. £43 

Pease 25 bushells at 6s. £ *l 

Oatmeal 37 bushells at 6s. £11 

Butter & Suet 26, at 6 s £ 6 



8 
13 
10 

2 
10 



115 4 
Is Sterling mony allowing 40 pr C* Exch of M° 
Ballance due 

Boston, New England 18 th July 1U1. 

Errors Excepted p' 



C 




246 12 



1876.] 



Documents relating to Port Royal, 



199 



[Reverse.] 

Pursuant to an Order Directed to us from their Excell ces Joseph Dudley 
Esq r Cap* Gen 1 & Governo r of Her Maj tys Province of Massachusets Bay 
in New England &c: And Francis Nicholson Esq r Gen 1 of Her Maj tys Forces 
on the late Expedition to Nova Scotia bearing date June 14 th . We have ex- 
amined the within Acco" & allow as a Just charge agreeable to y r rates 
then given & after deduction made for y e Provisions from Her Maj tys Fort 
& Ships Due to Ballance the Sum of one hundred Sixty four pounds, 
Six Shillings & one penny Sterling mony. Witness our hands at Boston 
June 21 th 1711. 

[Document No. III.] 

1711. The Hon ble Francis Nicholson Esq r . Generall of Her Maj* 78 
Forces for the Expedition to Nova Scotia. 

1711. i» Contra. . . . C r . 
By : Ballance due £1542 8 



D r . 

To Hire of the Ship Dispatch taken up by- 
Order of ye Councill of Warr at Annapolis- 
Royal ye 9th 8ber 1710 to Transport the 
French Garrison to France & to remain in 
Her Majtys Service untill her return to Bos- 
ton where she arrived the 18th June 1711, 
Is 9 months One Day at 12s. p' Tun p' Month 
the said Vessel measuring 284£ Tuns is 
Sterling 



£1542 



Boston New England 18 th July 1711. 

Errors Excepted p' 

[Reverse.] 

Pursuant to an Order Directed to us from his Excell cy Joseph Dudley 
Esq r Cap* Gen 1 & Govern 1 " in Chief of Her Maj ty8 Province of the Massa- 
chusets Bay in New-England &c. & The Hon ble Francis Nicholson Esq r 
Gen 1 of Her Maj tys Forces in the Late Expedition to Nova Scotia We 
have Examined the within acco" & allow fifteen hundred and forty two 
pounds Eight shillings Sterling a Just Charge & due according to y e Re- 
solve of y e Councill of Warr Witness our hands at Boston July 21 st 1111. 

John George 
Copy. Tho 8 Steel 

John Coleman 
W m Harris. 



[Document No. IV.] 

To All People unto whom this present bill of sale shall come Timothy 
Brett & Robert Gregory Gentlemen, Lieutenants of Her Maj. ties Ship the 
Chester, Cap* Thomas Mathews Commander, & now Riding at Anchor ; in 
the Harbour of Boston in the County of Suffolk in New England, Know 
Ye that we the said Timothy Brett & Robert Gregory, for & in considera- 
tion of the Sum of one hundred & Fifty pounds Currant mony of New 
England to us in hand at and before the Ensealing & delivery of these pre- 
sents well & truly paid by Mess™ David Jeffries & Charles Shepreeve of 
Boston aforesaid merchants Have given, granted, bargained & sold and by 



200 Documents relating to Port Royal, [April, 

these presents do fully, freely and absolutely Give, Grant, Bargain, sell and 
confirm unto the said David Jeffries & Charles Shepreeve all that the whole 
Hull or Body of the Good Sloop named or called the [blank] of the Port- 
age or Burthen of thirty five tuns or thereabout now at Anchor in the Har- 
bour of Boston aforesaid being lately taken from the French by Her Maj tie8 
Forces under the Command of the Hon ble Francis Nicholson Esq r Generall 
for the late Expedition to Port Royal in Nova Scotia, & there condemned 
w th all & Every the Mast, Sails, Anchors, Cables, Boat, Oars, Ropes, 
Cords, Tackle, Apparell, Stores, Guns, Small Artillery Ammunition, Furni- 
ture, Bowspritt, Boom & Appurtenances whatsoever to the said Sloop be- 
longing or in any wise appertaining To Have and To Hold the said Sloop 
[blank] and premisses with the appurtenances unto the said David Jeffries 
and Charles Shepreeve their Exec rs Admin rs & Assigns to his & their own 
sole & proper benefitt & behoof for Ever ; And we the said Timothy Brett 
& Robert Gregory Do avouch our selves at the time of the Ensealing & 
delivery of these presents, to be the only true sole & Lawfull Owners of the 
said Sloop [blank] and premisses : Having in our selves, full power good 
right & lawfull authority to Grant, bargain, sell, and assure the same unto 
the said David Jeffries & Charles Shepreeve their heirs, Execut ts Adm ts 
and Assigns for Ever. And that free & Clear and clearly acquitted Exon- 
erated & discharged of and from all and all manner of former and other 
Gifts, Grants, bargains, Sales, Titles, troubles, charges, Incumbrances and 
Demands whatsoever And lastly do covenant, promise, Grant & agree bind 
& oblige our selves, our heirs, Exec" Admin" from henceforth and for 
ever hereafter to Warrant & Defend the said Sloop [blank] and premisses 
w th the appurtenances unto the said David Jeffries & Charles Shepreeve 
their Heirs, Executors, Administrators & assigns against the Lawfull Claims 
& demands of all & Every person & Persons whomsoever, Perils of Seas, 
fire, Pirates & Enemies only Excepted In witness whereof we have hereunto 
sett our hands & Seals the twenty first day of December Anno Dom: 1710 
Annoq Regince Annas Mag: Britt: Nono. 

Signed, Seal'd & Delivered 

in the presence of us T Brett \_seal.'\ 

David Jeffries jun r R Gregory [sea£] 

John Francklyn. 

Reed the Day & Year above written of Mess" David 
Jeffries & Charles Shepreeve one hundred & fifty pounds 
in full for the above mentioned premises. 

P' R Gregory 
T Brett. 



A Wreck in 1695-6 on Cape Fear Island. — A correspondent in Charleston, S. C, 
informs me that in the year 1695 or 1696, a vessel from New-England was wrecked 
on Cape Fear Island, and fifty- two of the passengers were removed therefrom by the 
Governor of South Carolina to the vicinity of Charleston. What was the name of 
this vessel, the port in New-England from which she sailed, and the names of the 
passengers ? 

Boston, Mass. C. W. Tuttle. 



1876.] Abstracts of Early Wills in Suffolk. 201 



ABSTRACTS OF THE EARLIEST WILLS ON RECORD, OR 

ON THE FILES IN THE COUNTY OF SUFFOLK, 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

Prepared by William B. Trask, Esq., of Boston. 

[Continued from page 81.] 

Richard Barbour. 1 — Inventory of the house, lands and goods of Richard 
Barbour deceased taken and apprised by Henry Chickering, Samuell Morse 
and Nathan Aldous, 2 15. Imo. 1644. The house and lands, £18. Amount 
of inventory, £30. 03. 09. See abstract of the Will of Richard Barbour, 
Register, iii. 178. (File No. 33.) 

Jeffert Stapell. — A True Inuentory of the goods of Jeffery Stapell 
latte deseased valewed By Eaderd Batts [Bates] and John vpparne, 3 in the 
fyrst month 1647. On house with 8 ackers of land. 12. 0. ; wearinge 
aparell, Bedinge, Brass vesells, puttor, Iron, workinge Toolls, Earthen vesels, 
woodene things, goatts and a Calif, Debts Dew, swyne. Sume is, 34. 7. 2. 
Edward Bate, John vpparne. (File No. 58J.) 

[Jeffrey Staples, or Staple, of Weymouth, had Martha, buried Feb. 17, 
1 640. Savage.~\ 

Thomas Lechford. — An in ventory of the goods of Tho : Leatchford, 4 
deceased, valued by Robert hull and James Johnson acording to theire 
best Judgment & Consience. 

3 day Imp rs 4 paire sheetes one p' 
3 mo. 2 paire 

1648. 3 paire 

4 paire 
It. foure paire of pillow beares 
It 4 table cloathes 
It 14 table napkines 
It 6 old towels 
It two old cloathes 
It one glass 
It one Pillow 
It an old cloake badge & seuerall 

small things in it, but all valued at 
It A cap 8 s & a bible 6 8 
It A chest 



lett" ad colligendum bona defuncti 
are granted to Rob rt Hull 

1 Richard Barbour, or Barber, of Dedham, was freeman May 13, 1640. He was one of 
the 68 original proprietors of Lands in Dedham, to whom was granted 6. 12mo. 1642, 
" upland ground fit for improvement with the plough." He died June 18, 1644, leaving 
probably no near connections, as he gives his house, lands and goods in Dedham to his 
executors, Henry Brock and his son John Brock. 

2 Nathan Aldis, one of the first two deacons of the church in Dedham. 

3 John Upham removed from Weymouth to Maiden about 1650. 

4 Incorrectly Fratchford, Register, vii. 175. 

VOL. XXX. It 



01 


10 


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01 


00 


00 


00 


16 


00 





10 


"00 





13 


06 


00 


07 


06 


00 


07 


06 


00 


01 


04 


00 


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14 


00: 


00 


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Robert Hull 


James Johnson 



202 Abstracts of Early Wills in Suffolk. [April, 

M r Samu: Wilbore did depose that when he married the widow of Tho: 
Lechford late of Boston scriv. deceased, he never received or had any of the 
Widow or other estate of the s d Lechford no not so rauche as his s d wiues 
wearinne apparell, taken vpon Oath before the Court Incr. No well, Sec 17 
2 (3j 48 (File No. 71.) 

Note. — The Hon. J. Hammond Trumbull, of Hartford, Conn., who so ably edited and 
annotated fin edition of Lechford's '• Plaine Healing: or, News from New-England," in 
18)7, has the following in his introduction to that work (page xviii.), relative to the wife of 
Lechford. " His wife is mentioned in 1639 and afterwards; and, as no evidence has been 
discovered of his marriage on this side of the water, we infer that she accompanied him from 
England; but he nowhere gives any information of her family, nor even introduces her 
Christian name. In July, 1640, he writes: 'I have not yet here an house of my owne to 
put my head in, or any stock going.' He lived in a house, or part of a house, hired of 
Nathaniel Micklethwaite of Boston, who was, I think, the agent or factor in New-England 
of Richard Hutchinson of London, and perhaps of Edward and William Hutchinson after 
their removal to Rhode Island.. It appears that he paid his rent, until August, 1639, to 
Samuel Hutchinson, and subsequently to Mr. Micklethwaite, whose signature appears, on a 
page of the journal, to the lease of 'the chamber, etc.,' at £5 per year, from Sept. 1, 1639." 
He borrowed from Mr. Story, as we learn from the journal, in 1639, two and a half pounds 
•'of the best suger," at 2 shillings a pound, received "of Mr. Keayne for a silver laced 
coate and a gold wrought cap, £2. 10s., M had also "of Mr. George Story" some holland for 
his wife's waistcoat, etc. He mentions his wife again in 1640, and also in 1641. He embarked 
from Boston for England, and sailed on the 3d of August of that } 7 ear, in company with 
John Winthrop, Jr., Hugh Peters, Thomas Wclde, William Hibbins and others. There were 
forty passengers, according to Gov. AVinthrop, in all. The preface to his book was written 
from "Clements Inne, Jan. 17, 1641," that is 1641-2, and the work, itself, was printed in Lon- 
don in 1642. Rev. John Cotton, in his Way of Congregational Churches cleared, pt. 1, p. 71, 
says, " When ho came to England, the Bishops were falling, so that he lost his friends, and 
hopes, both in Old England and New : yet put out his Book (such as it is) and soon after 
dyed." Such was the finale of "the first Boston lawyer." But some of his personal effects 
remained, and they are enumerated and prised in the above inventory, made by two 
prominent men in the colony. 

Having recently seen this" inventory of Lechford, among the files at the Suffolk Probate 
Office, I at oncp communicated to Mr. Trumbull the fact relative to Lechford's widow. In 
his reply, dated Jan. 26, 1876, he makes the following suggestion and remarks with regard 
to Lechford. "Probably he was too poor to pay his wife's passage, with himself, to 
England in 1641, and left her to follow him when he could provide means. He was in 
intimate relations with all the banished Wheelwright men, and the 'Antinomians ' generally, 
and acted as the attorney of several of them for the care of the property they left in Boston." 

As regards the marriage of Samuel Wilbor to the widow, it must have been prior to Nov. 
29, 1645, for on that day, according to the records of the First Church in Boston, Elizabeth 
Wilbor was admitted to the church. She was his second wife, for it appears that he had 
previously married Ann, daughter of Thomas Bradford of Doncaster in the south part of 
the county of Yorkshire, as in his will of March 1, 1607, is shown, as Savage says. Wilbor 
was an esteemed merchant in Boston. He was disarmed and banished for his known sympathy 
with the opinions of Wheelwright. In company with Coddington and others, he purchased 
Aquidneck, afterwards returned to Taunton and Boston, where he had possessions. In his 
will, dated April 3U, 16o6, he states that he is " of tanton, in plimouth patten," but gives to 
his wife Elizabeth, " all ye moueable goods yt is or shalbee in my house in Boston, where 
at present I doe inhabit at ye time of my decease." His property seems to have been in 
various other places, as in Dorchester, Braintree, Rhode Island, Bridgewater and Taunton. 
He died Sept. 29, 1656, and his will was proved the 6th of November following. An abstract 
of said will from the original record, Suffolk Probate office, Vol. i. page 281, is printed in 
the Register, vi. 290. A copy was ordered to be made for the county of Plymouth. A brief 
abstract of it, from the Plymouth Probate records, was published in the Register, v. 38o. 

Henry Pease. — The last Will & testam* of Henery Pease Senior. This 
preasent writeing testifyeth that I, Henery Pease, being verey weake in 
bodey but in p'fect memorey, haue giuen and granted and by thes preasents 
doe giue and grant vnto my beloued wife her dwelleing in that p't of my 
dwelleing howse w ch I now dwell in, vntill my two Sonns haue finished my 
howse w ch standeth next the streette. I doe giue her also all the moueables 
in the said howse, w th the wood and garden stuff and hay. I doe giue her 
also my Kow and Swyne, w th fowre pownds of the 24 1 w ch is in the hands 
of Richard Tare [Thayer] of brantry. I doe also giue her my aforsaid 



^J 



1876.] Abstracts of Early Wills in Suffolk. 203 

howse next the streett (w ch howse my 2 Sonns ar to finish for her so soone 
as conveniently may be) w th the ground therunto belonging, w ch is all the 
ground betwixt Thomas Matsons 1 and Arthur Clarke, 2 w th all the con- 
venyensyes & easm ts therto belongeing, so long as shee liueth, and at her 
desece shee shall giue it to one or more of my posterity whom shee pleaseth 
& to noe other. I doe also giue her my aker of ground, be it more or lesse, 
lying at Blackstons poynt, 3 so long as shee liueth. I doe also herby giue 
and grant vnto my Sonn John Pease, 4 The South west p't of my dwelleing 
howse, w th halfe the ground now belongeing to the whole howse, for him and 
his heires foreuer. I doe giue him, also, Eight pounds and ten shillings of the 
24 1 w ch is in the hands of Richard Tare, of Brantry. I doe also giue him 
halfe my aker of Grounde at Blackstons poynt, after my wifes desece. I 
doe giue him also one of my greate bibles. I doe further by thes presents 
giue and grant vnto my sonn, Ilenrey Pease, (when my wifes howse is 
finished) the North east end of my dwelleing howse, w th halfe the ground 
Now belonging to the whole howse, the ground is to be deuided by the Execitor 
and Supervisers. I doe also giue him Eyght pounds and ten shillings of 
the 24 1 y 4 is in the hands of Richard Tare, of [Brantry]. I doe also giue 
him halfe my aker of ground at Blackstons poynt, after my desece. I giue 
him also one of my greate bibles, as also all my wearing cloathes. 

I doe also giue vnto my Daughter, Susana Jacklin, three pounds of the 
24 1 y* is in the hands of Richard Tare, of Brantrey, and from her to her 2 
Children, that is to say, forty shillings to the SoFin, and Twenty shillings to 
her daughter. 

I doe Further make Thomas Matson Exec'tor, and Franses Dowse 5 and 
Robert Bradford 6 sup' vise rs. And to this last my last will & testam* I haue 
sett my hand this 3 of August, 1 648. 

The mark |-j of 
Confermed in the presense Henry Pease 

of Arthur Clarke 
• William Ludken 7 
Witnes my hand, henery Pease. 

Testifyed by Arthur Clarke & W m Ludkin, before the Court, that this 
was the last will & test, of Henry Pease, & that he was of a disposeing 
mind. Sworne 26(11)48 in Court. William Aspinwall, Recorder. 

At a County Court sitting in Boston, 

by Adjournm* 6° February A 1 683. 
The Court being informed that the wife of the above named Testato r 

1 Thomas Matson, a church member and freeman, was one of the disarmed men; a 
friend of Wheelwright. He moved to Rraintree, where he had children born to him. He 
subsequently became a military officer; died after 1666. 

2 Arthur Clarke was of Hampton and Salem, removed to Boston in 1643, wife Sarah, 
children Sarah and Samuel ; died probably in 1665. 

3 Blackstone's Point, Mr. Drake thinks, " was that afterwards called Barton's Point, now 
near the northern termination of Leveret street and the Depot of the Lowell Rail Road." 
See Drake's Boston, p. 97. 

4 Savage makes no mention of John and Henry Pease, sons of Henry, Sen., nor of his 
daughter, Susanna Jacklin. The latter was probably the wife of Edmund Jacklin of Boston, 
whose will was proved in Sept. 1681. 

5 Francis Dowse lived in Boston, afterward removed to Chaiiestown, had wife Catharine 
and several children. 

6 Robert Bradford was of Boston, had wife Martha and children, afterwards wife Margaret ; 
will dated Nov. 16, 1677. 

7 William Ludkin, of Boston and Hingham, was a member of the artillery company. 



204 Abstracts of Early Wills in Suffolk. [April, 

dyed without makeing a will or disposeing of the house and ground within 
bequeathed to her for life, with power to give the same to one or more of 
his posterity as shee should please at her decease, Did therefore grant 
Power of Administration, de bonis non Administratis of the Testato", unto 
his surviveing son, Henry Pease, And hee hath given Security to Administer 
the same according to law, and to bee accountable and responsable for the 
same and his Adm con thereof unto the Court for the County of Suffolke 
when lawfully required and called thereunto. 

Attest p r Is* Addington, Clre 

Administrator's Bond. — Know all men by these pnt s that wee Henry 
Pease, Obadiah Wakefield 1 Joyner, & Grimstone Bowd 2 Cordwainer, all of 
Boston in the County of Suffolke in New England, are holden and stand 
firmly bound & obliged unto M r John Hubbard, of Boston, Treasurer for 
the 8 d County, his successors in s d otnce or assignes, in the Sume of two 
hundred pounds currant money of New England, To the true payment of 
which Sume wee do binde and oblige our selves, our heirs Exec" and 
Am" jointly and severally, firmly by these presents. Sealed with our 
Seales. Dated in Boston the Seventh day of February Ann 1 ' Dom 1 1683. 

The Condieon of this present obliga con is such that whereas Henry Pease, 
formerly of Boston dece did make and ordein his last will and Tcstam* and 
thereby gave a certain p 1 of his Estate unto his wife during her life, 
impowering her to make her will concerning the same and dispose thereof 
at her death to some of hie posterity, but shee makeing no disposition thereof, 
Power of adm " 1 de bonis non Administratris of the s d Henry Pease was 
grant* unto his surviving son Henry Pease to bee annexed to y e will of his 
said Father. If therefore* the above bonnden Henry Pease shall and do 
exhibit unto y e County Court for Suffolke a just and true Inventory upon 
oath of all such goods and Estate left by his B* Father as are yet unadmin- 
istered, and shall well and truely Administer y c same according to law, 
And bee accountable and responsible for the same and his Adm con thereof 
unto y* Court for s d County of Suffolke when lawfully required & called 
thereunto, Then this above written obligation to bee void & of none Effect, 
Or else to abide and remain in full force and virtue. 

Henry Pease. 

Sealed and Deliu rd Ohediah Wakefeild. 

in y e presence of Grimstone Bowde. 

Samuell Beighton 3 (File No. 78.) 

Is a Addington Clre. 

[The "Will of Henry Pease is not on record. It is now printed in full 
from the files.] 

Thomas Satell. — This to be the last will and Testament of my servant 
Thomas Satell lately deceased w th much comfort in the Lord. I John 
Wilson can & will (if called therevnto) Attest vpon my oath w ch he expressed 
to me, betweene him & me Alone, being not willing as he sayd that any 

1 Obadiah Wakefield is not mentioned by Savage. Mr. Drake in his Boston history, page 
427, has this name on the list of 129 "Handy craftsmen," who petitioned, in 1677, for 
protection in their several callings. 

2 Not found in Savage, but amoDg the inhabitants of Boston, 1687. — Dunton's Letters, 
p. 32-5. 

3 Samuel Beighton, of Boston, by wife Ann, had children. He died about 1692. 



1876.] Abstracts of Early Wills in Suffolk. 205 

other should be privy thervnto saue my self vntill he was dead (save that 
he declared the same or most of it to his brother when he came to visitt 
him) having Expressed the same to me a former time but After he had 
spoken to him, he called for me again And declared the same over againe 
w th this addition, y fc my daughter Mary should have 20 s for a legacy as 
hauing been much beholding to her (so as is in his will expressed). The 
w ch will of his, laying aside; what I wrote before, I did presently sett 
downe in writing, (according as is in this paper on the other side) setting my 
name ther vnto. 18. '.). 1651. John Wilson. 

[The above statement and the nuncupative will of Thomas Satell — an 
abstract of which is given in the Register, iv. 28(5 — are in the hand-writing 
of the first minister of Boston, who deposed in Court on the presentation 
of the will, at the date above given.] (Kile No. 111.) 

Margery Elliot. — To the IIonno rd County Court now sitting at Boston 
The petition of Margery Elliott Relict of the late Jacob Elliot, 1 

Humbly sheweth 
That wheareas yo r petitioners late husband made his last will & testament 
bearing date 28 2m° 1651 appointing Elder Willyam Col ebron & James Penn 
to be y e overseers of the sayd will, but on due pervsall thereof finds y* 
neither executor nor executrix is named therein yett the minde of the 
Testator in relation to his Eldest sonne & Eldest daughter is fully expressed; 
And the rest of the children in relation to their portions left with the death 
of yo r petitioner or alteration of her Conditon. And whereas vo r petitioner 
by the Advise of the Elders aforesaid hath married two of hir (laughters, 
& deliuered the some of fifty pounds apeece to their husbands in order to 
their portions, yo r petitioner finding It lyes not in hir power or theirs to 
devide y r estate, And y* Its but necessary for the prevention of future 
troubles & Inconveniences y* may arise betweene hir children that due order 
be observed In order wherevnto hir Request (hir children therevnto con- 
senting & concurring) to this Honno rd Court is that Administration to the 
estate of hir late husband be Graunted vnto yo r petitioner and an order for 
the stateing of each of the childrens parts, y r Eldest sonne & daughter being 
appointed by the said Testator & left at their libertys to make & take 
necessary exchange and satisfaction for their parts as the sayd Administrator 
& Elders and themselves shall agree for the same as also such part for hir 
self by y c said order Assigned to hir as this Court sees meet & just, y* so 
when God Calls hir out of the world shee niaye dispose thereof to such & 
all of hirs as shee judgeth meete & their neede may be, and that if what 
shee hath payd allready should exceed their parts due provission in the same 
order may be made for the Repayment of so much as this Court shall 
determine and yo r petitioner shall pray, &c. 

marke 

Margerie -j- Eliott. 

This petition of o r honnored mother we whose names are vnder writt: 
doe declare y* wee doe allow & approve thereof as just & necessary & w* 

1 Jacob Elliot was an elder brother of the Rev. John Eliot, " the Apostle." An abstract 
of his will is printed in the Register, iv. 53, proved 20. 9. 1651. His widow, Margery 
died Oct. 30, 1661. 

VOL. XXIX. 17* 



206 Abstracts of the Earliest Wills in Suffolk. [April, 

order y r Hono rd shall make therein wee shall gladly rest in the same 

Jacob Elliot 1 

Theophilus Frary for my selfe & wife [Hannah.] 

Susanna Elliot 

Mehetabel Elliot 

Att a County Court held at Boston the 9 th of May 1661. In Ans r to 
this petition the Court graunted y e say d Margery Administration to the estate 
of the late Jacob Elliot to performe the Imperfect will as neere as she may: 
as this Court shall order. Edw. Rattson, Recorder. 

Seth Perry of Boston, Taylor, & Mehittable, Daughter to y e late Jacob 
Eliot & Margery his wife, now wife to y e s d Seth Perry, consideration, fifty 
pounds w th such other somes as legacies given vnto y e said Mehittable by hir 
late father Jacob Eliot & Margery his wife by wills now payd vnto vs by 
Jacob Eliot o r eldest brother & executor to y e last will of y e late Margery 
Eliot o r mother of all which wee acknowledge o r selves fully satisfied, do 
discharge s d Jacob Eliot, from all due vnto vs by virtue of y e last will of y e 
late Jacob Eliot & Margery o r father & Mother or by any other way or 
meaning w'soeuer 14 th 8 rao 1662. Seth Perry. 

Mehetabell Perry 
Witness herevnto Willm Colbron 
James Penn 

[The above acquittance of Seth Perry was copied from the Massachusetts 
Archives, Book 15 B, page 94.] 

Decemb r 9, 1661. — An Inventorie of the remaining stock of Cattle & 
Land of Jacob Eliot senio r formerly deceased w ch was designed to pay the 
portions of severall children, some are allready p d . 

Thirteen Acres of Land about Roxbury Gate, £78 ; one old house, £08 ; 
five Cowes, one yearling, £23 ; Twenty sheep, £08 ; Mares & horses at 
Rehoboth, £38; Att Medefeild one Mare & half off a Colt, £14; one Mare 
at Sudbury, £12; debtes To the s d stock Edw d Adams of Medefeild, £05. 
10s; Tho: Dexter Junio r , £13; Goodman Puffer, £5; Jacob Eliott, Junio r , 
£1. 10s; M r Pett T 01iv r , £8; Theoph. Frary, £44; Mares & colts at 
Brantrey with Francis Eliot, £22. Whole amount, £280. 

(File No 113.) 

William Froth ingham. — An Inventory of the estate of William 
Frothingham of Charlestown, who departed this life 18 th of the 8 th m° 1651. 
Dwelling house & orchard & 7 acres of lande, more or lesse in the east 
feild, £71 ; 4 acres at Newtowne line, £08; 14J acres beyond wenotomies 
& a house there, £30 ; 7 acres by goodman Lothrops house, £4 ; 6J cow 
comons, £13 ; 2 hay lots on misticke side, £4 ; 2 hay lots in the high Feild 
on this side, £6 ; 60 acres at Wooburn bounds, 2s. p r acre, £6 ; a bible & 
doct r Prestons worke, 15s. etc. etc. Whole amount of inventory, £308. 
09s. M. (File No. 119.) 

[To be continued.] 

1 Jacob Eliot, son of Jacob, his brother-in-law Theophilus Frary, and Seth Perry, 
were three of the twenty-nine original members of the Third, or Old South Church in 
Boston, which was formed at Charlestown in May, 1669. 



1876.] The Folsom Family. 207 



THE FOLSOM FAMILY. 

By the Rev. Nathaniel S. Folsom, of Boston, Mass., and the Rev. Jacob Chapman, 

of Kingston, N. H. 

ON the 26th of April, 1 638, the ship " Diligent, of Ipswich," Eng., of 350 
tons burden, John Martin, master, set sail from the mouth of the 
Thames for Massachusetts Bay, having on board nineteen families and six or 
eight single persons, in all one hundred and thirty-three. Twelve of these 
families, numbering eighty-four souls, were from old Hingham, the rest from 
the immediate vicinity; and they had all embarked for the purpose of joining 
a colony settled in Hingham, Mass., 1633-37 (consisting of ten families 
and five single persons, in all forty-nine), who had been their friends and 
neighbors in old Hingham. Among those now emigrating were John Foul- 
sham of Hingham, then twenty-three or twenty-four years of age, and his 
young wife, to whom he had been married about a year and a half. They 
were attended by two servants. His wife's father and mother, Edward and 
Mary Clark Gil man, of Hingham, three younger brothers, Edward (not 
quite twenty-one years old), John and Moses; two younger sisters, Sarah, 
and Lydia (who married Daniel Cushing, 1645), and three servants of the 
family, were fellow-passengers. The rector of the parish, Rev. Robert 
Peck, with his family, consisting of wife, two children and two servants, also 
formed part of the company. The immediate occasion of their departure 
seems to have been trouble in ecclesiastical matters. Their rector, doubt- 
less with the sympathy and aid of most of those constituting the emigrat- 
ing party, had pulled down the rails of chancel and altar, and levelled the 
latter a foot below the church, as it remains to this day. Being prosecuted 
by Bishop Wren, he left the kingdom, together with his friends — who sold 
their estates at half their real value — promising to remain with them always. 
In an account of the family, published forty or fifty years ago in the 
" Exeter News Letter," from which a large portion of names and dates in 
the present record has been taken, there is mentioned a tradition that " as 
several John Smiths were in the company, one of them who came from the 
town of Foulsham was, for the sake of being distinguished from the others, 
familiarly called ' John Foulsham,' and by this name, on his arrival in 
New-England, he chose to be known. So it became his and his posterity's 
name." Now there may be a real fact of a change or abridgment of name 
lying at the basis of the tradition. There is presumptive evidence, nay, fair 
proof of it, in an attestation given by the compiler of the Exeter News 
Letter Genealogy, of his inspection of a deed signed by John Foulsham, 
1672, and recorded in vol. xi. p. 287, in the Registry of Deeds for the Co. of 
Rockingham, in which some property is conveyed by John Foulsham to his 
daughter, commencing thus : " Whereas there is an Intent of marriage be- 
tween George March, the son of Hugh March of Newbery and Mary Foul- 
sham the daughter of John Foulsham, alias Smith, of Exeter."* Why the 
" alias " there, unless he had once borne the name " Smith," and now wished 
to make the bequest to his child forever indisputable ? Assuming this to 

* A friend and kinsman, Nathaniel Shute, Esq., of Exeter, has kindly inspected this 
deed for us, and we give from his pen a more exact transcript in the text than the News 
Letter contains, together with the closing portion, here in this note. 

" Know ye all men by these presents, that I the said John Foulsham in consideration of 



208 The Folsom Family. [April, 

have been his name when he embarked, the explanation given by the " News 
Letter" cannot be wholly accurate ; for there is only one more "Smith" 
on the list of passengers, and his name was " Henry." There is, however, 
printed in the town records for 1639, as will be seen further on, the name 
of a " John Smith " associated with that of " John Foulsham." Where 
did he come from ? In all probability he was one of the sons of the " Henry 
Smith " already mentioned ; and two John Smiths — though there were 
not " several " — presented motive enough for distinguishing them in name 
if possible. But with full evidence that " Foulsham " had been for centu- 
ries a family name, as well as that of a parish, in Norfolk county ; that it 
was written on monuments, in town records and in history, there does not 
seem any probability that " John Smith " on his voyage across the Atlantic 
would drop the name " Smith " and take that of " Foulsham " from the 
name of a parish in the neighborhood of Hingham. By the change he put 
himself among the " Foulshams." A better explanation of the adoption of 
the name " John Foulsham " by the husband of Mary Gil man — if we must 
accept the change — is that he took the surname because it was his mother's 
maiden name, and possibly was his own middle name, though middle names 
were very rare in England at that time. In dropping the last word, his 
father's surname, he did what many have done, and are doing down to 
this day. He was nevertheless a lineal descendant of the Foulshams, 

the said marriage do Give, grant. Covenant Enfeoffe and fully clearly and absolutely doc 
give unto the said George and Mary one hundred acres of land lying and being in said 
Exeter and bounded," &c. &c. 

" In witness whereof I the above-said John Foulsham have set my hand and seal the 
eighteenth of May Anno Domini 1672. John Foulsham." 

H In the presence of 
John Gilman, 
Anthony Somerh}*." 

There is in existence in the Norfolk (formerly part of E^sex County, and part of the 
Province of New-Hampshire) Records of Deeds," Hook 2, leaf 291, a copy of still another 
deed, given by the first John Folsom— for the two following paragraphs from which we are 
indebted to the kindness of the family of the late Mr. Charles Folsom. 

" John Ffulsham of Exiter [N. H.] in respect of y* paternall love and affeceon and fatherly 
care and good will of my trustie and well beloved sonc Peter Ffulsham of Exiter afores'd 
and for ye future good and benefit of him and his posterity," gives him 

" 40 or 50 aero of land in Hingham in ye county of Norfolk [Eng.] near, Norrald Com- 
on and formerly cald by y* name of Ffulsham at y c Boxbushes; — bounded W. w th Nor- 
rald Comon, E. with great Langhames and little Lamrhams, N. with Hardingham Comon, 
S. E. with land of John Buck formerly and Edward Filower formerly." " 10 April, 1673." 

In possession of the same family is a fac-simile of an autograph of John Folsom, penned 
the year he died, and showing another way of spelling the name, as follows : "John toullsam, 
1681." 

The definite location of the "land in Hingham" is worthy of notice. It may assist in 
gaining a correct conception of it, to consider that " Hingham was once the head town of 
a deanery, and contained 4-3 parishes." " Ffulsham" seems to have been one of these out- 
lying parishes; and the deed proves that the first John Folsom had land there as well as in 
" Hackford-by-Hingham," as the latter place was sometimes called by way of distinction. 
The appellation "Ffulsham at the Box-bushes" suggests a site where the Box-shrub 
abounded, and was planted as an ornament of garden and lawn, perhaps an ancient home 
of his ancestors — the buildings long gone — one of the freeholds trained by purchase or gift 
in the parishes in which the manors of the noblemen were a moiety only. The De Mar- 
shall and Morleys had " manors in Folesham " from 1202 to 1580. The De Poinings had 
" fees " there in 1324. (See for these various statements, " Blomefield's County of Nor- 
folk," vol. 2.) It was also an " advowson " (i. e. with right attached of appointing to a 
church-living), a " demesne " (the nobleman's tenants being exempt from tolls and taxes). 
&c, and the names of the bordering parishes of Hardingham, Langham and Norrald 
(Northwold, where it is stated that " the site of a manor " had become " a pasture-close "), 
can be all identified. Perhaps the land had been kept so long because of the dear associa- 
tions connected with it. He remembered the fragrance and greenness of its shrubbery. 
And now, eight years before his death, he will not alienate the ancestral possession from 
this family, but bestows it on one of his sons. The father's tribute to the good qualities of 
the son supplies valuable testimony of character in the absence of any other record. 



1876.] The Folsom Family. 209 

worthy to be the founder of the Folsom family in America, and fit to trans- 
mit the vigorous pulsations of his ancestral blood to future generations.* 

The party having landed at Boston, Mass., Aug. 10, 1G38, immediately 
proceeded to their place of destination, about fourteen miles S. E. from 
Boston. An Adam Foulsham, probably a son of the Adam who died in 
1 627, and a cousin, if not brother, of John Foulsham, came from Hingham, 
Eng., to Hingham, Mass., in 1G39, but returned to England and died 1670. 
Their rector remained about three years, when hearing that the bishops 
were deposed, he returned to England in 1641"j* (the date given by Daniel 
Cushing), resumed his rectory, and died 1656. Edward Gilman had with 
others obtained a grant of land eight miles square in a place now called Re- 
hoboth, near the Rhode Island line, in 1641. In 1647 his name is recorded 
in Ipswich. Soon afterward he went to Exeter, N. II., where his sons were 
already established in business. John Folsom and wife, with their children, 
followed her father and mother to Exeter, probably not earlier than 1650 ; 
the first authentic record of their residence in that town being in the year 
1655. 

During the twelve or fifteen years' residence of John Foulsham in 
Hingham, Mass., he was not without tokens of the good will of the people. 

* As to the original derivation of the name Foulsham, Hon. George Folsom, in one of 
the MSS. left by him, says " It arose, upon the adoption of surnames in England, from 
the town of Foulsham, a village in the county of Norfolk, England [six or eight miles 
north of Hingham], in which county the family was seated for many centuries, possessing 
estates in fifteen different places." Thus, John of Foulsham became John Foulsham. 

The orthography and pronunciation of the name have varied in the family itself, as well 
as among others writing and pronouncing it. The first Anglo-American bearing the name 
spelt it " Foulsham." His son, Dea. John, wrote it " Fullsom " in 1709, and it is so signed 
in his last will, 1715. In one instance in the Hingham town records it is spelt " Fulsham," 
but always afterward " Foulsham." In the Exeter records it is uniformly written 
"Folsom" from the year 1659, with one exception in 1681, when the town clerk wrote 
" Foulshame." In the records of the First Parish, Haverhill, Mass., 1749-64, it is spelt 
44 Foulsham," 44 Foulsam," 44 Folsham," and " Fulsom," on occasion of the baptism of 
children of 44 Josiah Foulsham." Originally it was doubtless spelt 44 Foulshame" — its ety- 
mological significance being the Foiols home, or breeding-place, or mart. The old syl- 
labic division must have been Fouls-hame, the final syllable becoming shortened into 
44 ham," with the first letter silent, pronounced like urn, as may now often be noticed in 
words of that termination. A further shortening appears in 1504 — how extensively practised 
is uncertain — in a Latin inscription on a monumental stone in the floor of the church of 
Repps, Norfolk co., which translated is, Pray for the soul of Mr. Thomas Folsham, Bacca- 
laureate of the Chapel (Hist, of Norfolk Co., vol. xi. p. 182). This last mode of spelling ap- 
pears on modern maps of England, designating the town. But everywhere it is now written 
Folsom by those bearing the name. 

In regard to the pronunciation of this word, it is now generally pronounced by the family 
quite like wholesome (the writer has never known but one exception). And we suggest 
that this is a preservation of the old way of pronouncing the name ; that in the first syl- 
lable 44 Fouls " the diphthong 4< ou " was sounded as in 44 souls, poultry," &c. Certain it is 
that this old spelling — fouls (or foules) — of our modern word 44 fowls," occurs in Chaucer — 
as in his 4< House of Fame," and in his " Legend of Nine Good Women " : — 

44 As this foule when hit beheld." 
44 1 hear the foules sing." 

Our suggestion is, moreover, fully borne out by similar phenomena of pronunciation in 
modern times. We hear a bowling-alley " (once written 6owZmg-alley, and the sphere or 
ball, boule) pronounced in two ways, with the first syllable like " ow " in howl and in the 
drinking-vessel bowl. 4< Johnson, Elphinstone and Perry declare for the former, i. e. as in 
howl ; Sheridan, Scott, Rennell and Smith pronounce it like hole. Garrick corrected Wal- 
ker for pronouncing it like 4 ' howl." — (Early English Pronun., vol. i. p. 152.) Even the pro- 
nunciation of the word when written as Dea. John Folsom wrote it, " Fullsom," has au- 
thority in the old pronunciation of the word 4< Cowper," like that of wound (a hurt) as 
now heard, with the ou as in " group," or possibly nearer the sound of o-oo — the sound of 
the ow in 44 Cowper " as in howl being 44 given it only by those who do not know the 
family." 

f In Mr. Blomefield's 44 County of Norfolk," vol. 2, p. 425, it is stated that he 44 came 
back to Hingham in the year 1646, after ten years voluntary banishment." 



210 The Folsom Family. [April, 

It is quoted from Daniel Cushing's Records in Sprague's Genealogy, 
Appendix, p. 50, that "there was given him by the Town four acres of Laud 
butting upon the Playne eastward and upon the Common westward;" and 
the author of the Genealogy mentions that "the house standing upon this 
lot [1828] was built by Foulsham before Daniel Cushing was Town-clerk 
[16G9] — the frame is of sawed oak-timber. My grandfather," the author 
adds, "bought it in 1744 of Daniel Beal — my father left it in 1800; the 
Spragues own it at present." This house was taken down in 1875, and 
some of its sawed oak manufactured into memorial chairs. Another record 
is quoted of the 30th of January, 1645, that "the seven or nine men chosen 
to order the prudential affairs of the town shall he chosen out oi the body of 
the Toicn, as well non-Freemen as Freemen ;" and the seven chosen were 
"Thomas Josselyn, George Marsh, Thomas Gill, John Tower, John Smith, 
John Foulsham. William Sprague." And again, "it is ordered & agreed 
upon by the town that Capt. Joshua Hubbard and John Foulsham shall 
have liberty of the two rivers, Rocky Meadow ^ Bound Brook Rivers, so 
far as the town hath property, to build & maintain a saw-mill or mills." 

It is related in the Exeter News Genealogy that in 1645 there arose 
some "troublesome business," as Gov. Winthrop calls it in reference to 
himself personally ; a man Darned Fines, who had been lieutenant of 
Hingham, having been appointed captain by the government, but rejected 
by the people, who elected Allen in his stead. Winthrop, then lieutenant- 
governor, insisted that Ernes should be obeyed :i< commanding officer ; the 
people insisted upon having Allen for their captain, and, "speaking evil of 
dignities," asked, "What have magistrates to do with us?" protesting also 
that they would die at the sword's point if they might not have the choice 
of their own officers. The result was a requisition on some of the leaders 
to give security for appearance at court, and on their refusal a commitment 
to prison. In turn, the friends of the imprisoned arraigned Winthrop for 
assumption of power and illegal imprisonment. The affair terminated in 
the acquittal of the deputy governor; and a line of £155£ was imposed on 
about ninety persons, £20 of which John Foulsham was sentenced to pay. 
By some means lie; was finally exempted ; for his name does not appear 
among the censured and fined. 

After his removal to Exeter, the name of "Goodman Folsom" appears 
in IGoi) on the list of "selectmen." lie obtained a grant of land, 1(360; 
his sons also all obtained similar grants in years following ; he was a 
juryman, 16G2. In July, 1GG5, being one of a committee representing 
Dover, Portsmouth, Exeter and Hampton, to consult on certain political 
grievances, he presented " a petition to the King's Majesty," for 
consideration by the committee, praying that they "might be governed by 
the laws of England,'' and expressing "joy that the King had sent over 
Commissioners into these parts," and "sorrow that the Commissioners were 
evilly entertained by the Bay Government." Connected with this, and 
showing further action in the matter, it is recorded in volume i. of the 
Provincial Papers of New Hampshire, p. 280, without date, but about 1665, 
that "testimonies of selectmen are made that John Foulsham, Sen., and 
three others, Abraham Corbitt, Robert Burnham and Edward Hilton, are 
principal actors in trying to procure hands to be taken off [i. e. to sign 
off] from the Bay Government." In 1776, he and his brother-in-law, 
Moses Gilman, disagreed about their boundary-lines, and the latter, in a 
passion, pulled up a parcel of fence that stood between their lands. " John 
Sen'r" instantly entered his complaint; the case was "respited" a few days 



1876.] The Folsom Family. 211 

at the request of Moses. Intercession on the part of mutual friends 
" persuading to peace meantime proved fruitless." John felt that an insult 
and a wrong had been committed, and he pressed the trial. The decision 
was slightly evasive of the question of real line of boundary. But so far 
as it went it was against Moses, who was required to bear the cost of 
complaint (16 shillings), and where, by pulling down the fence, he had made 
gaps and exposed his neighbor's crops to injury, he must put it up and keep 
it up, "until after next Indian harvest," when, of course, the matter in 
dispute might be opened again, and a more intelligent decision be given. 
Mr. Commissioner Dal ton, however, "does advise to peace and love in the 
mean time, as their relation and duty requireth." 

From facts like these, the descendants of the Anglo-American John 
Folsom may learn what were some of the traits of character in their 
ancestor. He was enterprising, courageous, prominent in the communities 
in which he lived, a leader in public affairs, determined on simplicity in 
religious worship and equity in the state, a solid, independent, righteous and 
true man. 

The earliest period in which the name appears in history, is the first half 
of the fourteenth century. There was a John Foulsham of Foulsham, 
prior of a Carmelite monastery in Norwich, and "praises provincialis" of all 
England. In all probability he belonged to a family of which the Folsoms 
are lineal descendants. He was D.D. of Cambridge, and, according to Pitt, 
is spoken of in John Bayle's Catalogue of Eminent Writers (p. 421), as 

I follows : After an acquaintance with Aristotle's methods, and having got a 
smattering of the original scriptures [gustatis scripturarum corticibusj, he 
became no mean proficient in controversial theology, knowing how, by 
means of syllogistic tricks, to turn white into black and men into donkeys. 
He died in the great plague at Norwich, 1348. Richard Foulsham, also of 
Foulsham, and probably the prior's brother, was much in the court of John 
XXII. at Home (13116-34), with whom he corresponded, and some of his 
letters to whom were published. 

The first fraceable ancestor of John Foulsham is (1) Roger Foulsham, 
of Necton, county of Norfolk, Eng., whose will is dated 1534. (2) Wil- 
liam, his son, married Agnes Smith, alias Foulsham, of Besthorpe, and 

was father of (3) Adam, of Besthorpe, who married Emma , and 

whose will is dated 1505 ; he owned lands in Besthorpe, Wyrnondham 
(Windham), Bunwell, Hingham and Hackford. (4) Adam, his son, was 

baptized 1560 ; married Grace ; had a home in Hingham and lands 

in Besthorpe; he died 1630. (5) Adam, of Hingham, son of the latter, 
married Agnes , and died 1627. The facts in the preceding para- 
graph, and thus far in the present, are given on the authority of the MSS. of 
Hon. George Folsom, who visited England and explored every possible 
source of information. He next states that "Adam," the fourth in descent 
from "Roger," left a son named "John," i.e. the first Anglo-American John 
Foulsham. Those who shall accept the "alias Smith" can hardly consider 
him as the son of Adam the third, but of Adam's sister, who had married a 
Smith. Through her he was the grandson of the previous "Adam." From 
this first Anglo-American John Folsom, of Exeter, N. H., and his wife 
Mary Gilman Folsom, are descended, so far as we know, all the Folsoms 
in America — with the exception of one family, with which is connected a 
story curious enough to be given in a note below. # 

* Mr. Abraham Folsom, of Boston, has related to the writer the following : That his 
younger brother, James Madison Folsom, who went to Savannah, Ga., 1829, and died before 



212 The Folsom Family. [April, 

1. John 1 Folsom, bapt. 1615, in Hingham, Eng. (a town about 14 
miles W.S.W. of Norwich, and 97 N.E. of London, in the neighborhood of 
a small lake about a mile in circumference, and having a fine old stone 
church with a tower and chime of bells); m. Oct. 4, 1636, Mary, oldest 
child of Edward and Mary Clark Gilman ; d. at Exeter, N. H., Dec. 27, 
1681. His widow survived him eight or ten years. They had : 

2. i. John, 2 b. 1638 or '39 ; m. Nov. 10, 1675, Abigail, dau. of Abraham Perkins, 

of Hampton ; d. 1715. 

3. ii. Samuel, 2 b. 1641.* 

iii. Nathaniel, 2 b. 1644; m. 1674, Hannah Faxon, of Hingham; had a son 
Samuel, b. April 18, 1679. He gave a deed of land in Exeter, 1696. 

iv. Israel, 2 b. 1646 ; m. and had a son Israel ; received " a Grant of Land " 
in 1664 ; nothing more is known of him. 

4. v. Peter, 2 b. 1649 ; has always borne the title of Lieut. Peter. 

vi. Mary, 2 b. 1651 ; m. 12 June, 1672, George Marsh, of Newbury. 

5. vii. Ephraim, 2 b. 1654. 

2. Dea. John 2 Folsom (John 1 ) was a man of high standing and good 
property, active both in church and in political affairs. He is among the 
worthies of the first century of Exeter, of whom Judge Smith in his Centen- 
nial Address, July 4, 1838, says that " they filled acceptably the municipal and 
public offices conferred upon them." He was frequently sent to the General 
Assembly. In the first volume of Provincial Papers, already quoted with 
reference to his father, there is a deposition (pp. 554-7) from the son as 
constable, bearing date 1684, that he "had received a list of names in 
Exeter with fines annexed amounting to £50; that he was required by Gov. 
and Council to go and demand the sum ; but the people refused to pay, 
saying the taxes should be raised by the General Assembly — which answer 
he gave to Gov. & Council : whereupon they took the scroll out of his hands 
and delivered it to Thos. Thurton, provost-marshal, and he was ordered by 
a warrant from the Secretary to aid the said Thurton." This summary 
treatment was honorable to him from such a government as that of Cran- 
field, and shows how "acceptably," at least to the people, if not to the party 
in power, he filled that special office of constable by forbearing'to push the 
demand for oppressive and unconstitutional taxes and fines. The following 

the rebellion, had two sons, Dr. Robert W., who fell in the Battle of the Wilderness, the 
colonel of his regiment, and James M., a young lawyer, and colonel on the staff of 
Gov. Brown. As Col. James was passing with a Georgia regiment through Sumter, S.C., a 
crowd of gentlemen and ladies had gathered at the depot to greet them — the ladies throwing 
bouquets to the officers and soldiers. Col. James caught one, and on his departure found 
in it a slip of paper, on which was written the name " Rosa Folsom." His curiosity being 
greatly excited, he wrote to know about the family, and received the following reply from the 
young lady's father : " We are descended from one who espoused the cause of liberty under 
Cromwell, but who died during the Protectorate. At the Restoration his estates were 
confiscated ; and soon afterwards the sons embarked for America, and landed at Albemarle 
Sound [this must have been, if at all, at the settlement of the second colony at that place, 
1667]. Two of the brothers married in America. Shortly after they simplified their name 
by spelling it 'Folsom.' " Col. James M. is the author of the " Heroes of Georgia," and 
is now clerk of the court of the county of Strafford, N.H. 

* We have received a letter from Hon. Solomon Lincoln, of Hingham, containing an ex- 
tract from Rev. Peter Hobart's diary, copied by his son, in which it is stated that the two 
oldest children of John Folsom were baptized — 

Samuel, Oct. 3, 1641. 
John, Oct. 11, 1641. 

There is obscurity in this. No hint exists anywhere that they were twins. And the in- 
terval of eight days would prove that one of them could not have been baptized on a Sunday. 
Is it probable that John was born on the voyage, or amid the confusion of becoming estab- 
lished in their new home, so that his baptism was delayed until after the second child was 
born ? Nothing definite fixes the birth of John. We have assumed that he was the oldest, 
without any explicit authority for it. 



1876.] The Folsom Family. 213 

quotation from the same portion of the Provincial Papers will show the 
sort of "aid" he gave to the "provost-marshal," and that he could' turn 
with wrath and contempt on the public foes, deacon though he was. Under 
date of Dec. 29, 1G84, there is a deposition of this Thurton that "being 
sent to collect those Hues, and one of 50 shillings on John Foulsham for 
neglecting the duty of his office as constable, Foulsham told him that if he 
came to levy execution at his' house, he should meet him with a red-hot 
spit and scalding water ; and bade him go, like a rogue as he was." The 
women of the Gilman family must also have some of the fame of this 
affair ; for the provost-marshal adds, that " being at the house of Edward 
Gilman [son of the first Edward, and lost at sea about 1653] the wife of 
James Gilman [grandson of the first Edward, born 1659] told him she had 
provided a kettle of scalding water for him, if he should come." He 
thought it rather rough treatment, especially as no money had yet been 
demanded of them. In one instance in which Dea. John's wife had been 
slandered by his sister-in-law Hannah, wife of his brother Nathaniel, he 
was determined the offender should smart for it ; and accordingly making 
complaint before Mr. Commissioner Dalton, he obtained sentence against 
her that she should " make acknowledgment at some public town-meeting." 
Dea. Folsom had nine children, viz. : 

i. Abigail, 3 b. Dec. 23, 1676. 

6. ii. John, 3 b. 1685. 

iii. Sarah, 3 wife of Stevens. 

iv. Mary, 3 m. and left two children. 

v. Lydia, 3 wife of Stockman. 

vi. Mercy, 3 in. Lieut. James Dudley, cooper, son of Stephen (Rev. Samuel," 1 
of Exeter, Gov. Thomas 1 Dudley) ; had seven children, one of whom, 
John, of Raymond, was a judge of the supreme court of New-Hamp- 
shire. 

7. vii. Abraham, 3 m. Elizabeth , and died about 1740. 

8. Tiii. Jeremiah, 3 m. Elizabeth ; builc, in 1719, the brick house just 

south of Newmarket village, which stood till 1874 ; cl. 1757. 

9. ix. Jonathan, 3 in. Anna, dau. of Nathaniel Ladd, Esq., whose wife Elizabeth 

was dau. of Hon. John Gilman. He died 1740, the father of twelve 
children. His wife administered on his estate. 

3. Samuel 2 Folsom (John 1 ) m. Dec. 22, 1663, Mary, dau. of Henry 
Robey ; d. about 1700 ; had : 

i. Mary, 3 b. Sept. 27, 1664 ; m. Ezekiel Ladd. 

ii. Ebenezer, 3 lived in Hampton in 1712 ; afterwards probably went to 

Stratham. 
iii. Samuel, 3 was administrator on his father's estate in 1702 ; removed to 

Hampton, near the Portsmouth line ; purchased a place in Greenland, 

1710 ; d. prior to 1723, without children. 
iv. Ruth, 3 m. March 4, 1692, Moses Norris. 
v. Israel. 3 
vi. Deliverance, 3 united with the church in Greenland, 1723. 

4. Lieut. Peter 2 Folsom (John 1 ) m. May 6, 1678, Susanna Cousins, 
of Wells, Me. ; d. 1 7 1 7. Children : 

i. Elizabeth, 3 wife of Samuel Sanborn. 

ii. Susanna, 3 who m. Caleb, son of Moses Gilman and grandson of first 

Edward ; they had two children, David and Caleb. 
iii. Mary, 3 m. Joseph Thing. 
10. iv. Benjamin, 3 m. Rachel, dau. of James Gilman (son of Moses, who was born 

in Hingham, Eng., and grandson of the first Edward); d. about 1750. 

vol. xxx. 18 



214 The Folsom Family. [April, 

11. v. Peter, 3 m. Catherine, dau. of Hon. John Gilnian and granddaughter of 

the first Edward. He d. 1718. His widow married a second husband, 
Richard Galley, of Stratham. 

12. vi. John, 3 ni. (1) Hannah, dau. of James Gilman ; (2) Mary Lyford. 

5. Ephraim 2 Folsom (John 1 ) m. Phaltiel Hall; lived and died (killed 
by the Indians, 1709) in Newmarket, on a farm still owned and occupi- 
ed by his descendants. Children : 

i. A daughter, who m. Robinson, of Exeter. 

ii. A daughter, m. York. 

iii. Lydia, 3 m. Glidden. 

iv. Abigail, 3 wife of Joseph Judkins. 

v. Sarah, 3 m. Thomas Young, Esq., of Newmarket ; children : (1) Joseph ; 
(2) Thomas, who had a son John. 

vi. Ephraim, 3 Jr., m. Taylor, whose children were — 1. Ephraim, who 

m. Eunice Smart, and had Joseph ; John (who had Joshua, Mary 
wife of Richardson, Elizabeth wife of Sanborn, Rhoda wife of San- 
born, Eleanor wife of Smith). 2. Andrew, of Ossipee, m. Anna dau. 
of William Folsom, and had Ella wife of Brackett, of Wolfborough ; 

Andrew, who m. Hodgdon. 3. William, m. Mary, daughter of 

John Folsom, son of Lieut. Peter. He was of Newmarket, and died 
there about the first of the year 1787. Children : John (died of small- 
pox during the Revolutionary war, one of whose children, Susan, 
m. Lamson, of Exeter) ; Edward, of Gilman ton (one of whose sisters 
m. Abraham, son of Abraham, br. of Josiah, son of John, son of Dea. 

John), m. Burley, and had numerous descendants; Jonathan, 

who m. Prudence Weeks, Dec. 7, 1786, and left no children ; Ephraim ; 
Benjamin, blind (living in 1848) ; Hannah ; Mary ; Elizabeth ; 

Rachel ; also one of the daughters m. Kimball, and had a son 

William. 

vii. William, 3 m. (1) Hannah Gilman, of Exeter, and (2) Elizabeth, widow of 
Benjamin Sanborn. All of his children but Dudley are supposed to 
be by his first wife. He was twenty years successively a selectman of 
Newmarket, and died in 1755. He had — 1. Maj. David, 4 of Epping ; 
m. Sarah, dau. of Thomas Gilman, of Exeter; he is on State records 
as Second Major in the 19th Regiment, 1780 ; died 1791. His children 
were : (1) Thomas, whom, a dau. of Benjamin Watson, of Nottingham ; 
(2) Winthrop, who m. a dau. of Thomas Noble, of Lee, had children 

Noah and Nancy, and removed to New- York ; (3) James, who m. 

Blake, of Epping, and had Winthrop, of Dorchester, N. H. ; (4) Gil- 
man, who m. Ruth Page (of his children, Gilman, b. April, 1796, m. 
a dau. of Col. Marvin, was in Cleveland, Ohio, 1864, and had two sons. 
Another, Ezekiel, b. Dec. 1798, m. a daughter of Rev. Ebenezer Fitch, 
D.D., president of Middlebury College, was for some years a business 
man in Cleveland. George P., a son of the latter, b. Dec. 1826, 
graduated at Williams College, studied theology at Auburn Theological 
Seminary, m. Lilia Frazer, is settled over a Presbyterian Church 

in Baraboo, Wis.) ; (5) Ezekiel, m. Norris, of Epping, and had 

Noah (m. a dau. of Josiah Smith) ; Moses and Gilman ; (6) David; 
(7) Anna, wife of Moses Davis; (8) Hannah, wife of Noah Dow; 
(9) Sarah. The next children of William were : 2. James* 3. Dudley, 4 
who perished with cold in a gondola between Portsmouth and Newmar- 
ket. 4. William , 4 who administered on his father's estate. He m. Mary 
Low, of Stratham ; died Feb. 1809. Children; (1) Anna, m. Andrew 
Folsom, Ossipee. (2) Jacob, of Wolfborough, m. Elizabeth Smart, of 
Newmarket, June 4, 1787, and had Gilman, whose wife was Mary 
Rust ; John, who m. Hannah Blake ; Mary, wife of Joseph Edmunds ; 
Lydia, wife of Nathaniel Rust; James, of Somersworth, whose wife 
was Sally Rust ; George, who m. Clarissa Lee ; Henry, of Somers- 
worth, who m. Sally Leighton ; Charles, of Somersworth, who m. 
Sally Richards. (3) Mary. (4) Lydia. (5) Mehitabcl, wife of Rob- 
ert Smart and mother of Charlotte (wife of Thomas Pendergast, of 
Exeter), Robert and Jacob. (6) Hannah, wife of Joseph Cooley, of 



1876.] The Folsom Family. 215 

Exeter, who removed to the West. (7) Betsey, wife of John Brackett, 
of Wolfborough. (8) Josiah, who m. Abigail Ham, of Durham, and 
occupied the farm owned by his great-grandfather in the seventeenth 
century. Of the children of Josiah and Abigail are — 1. William, a 
physician, who m. a dau. of Hon. Smith Lamprey, of Kensington. 
2. Mary. 3. Abigail. 4. Josiah. (9) Sally, wife of Joseph Tucker, 
of Wolfborough. There were also three daughters to William, 3 viz. : 
Abigail, Mary ^wife of Dea. James Cram), and Lydia (wife of John 
Lyford) . 

6. John 3 Folsom (John, 2 John 1 ) b. 1685 ; m. Sarah, dau. of Stephen 4 (?) 
Dudley (b. 1688, m. July, 1708, which would make John at least twenty- 
four or five years older than his wife ; the dates of two sons of Stephen 
being given at 1721, 1724, but those of the other six children not being 
given) ; d. 1755. They had (with other children) : 

13. i. Peter, 4 b. 1718. 

14. ii. Abraham, 4 b. 1720. 

15. iii. Josiah, 4 b. Sept. 25, 1725; not to be confounded with Josiah, sev- 

enth child of John 3 (Lt. Peter? John 1 ). 

7. Abraham 3 Folsom (John, 2 John 1 ) had: 

i. Daniel, 4 married ; lived in Exeter. 

ii. Jonathan, 4 of Sheepscote, York co., Me. ; d. 1745. 

iii. Abraham, 4 joiner, of Exeter ; m. a dau. of William of Newmarket, and 

sister of Edward of Gilmanton. 
iv. Mary, 4 m. James Rundlett ; was a widow in 1745. 

8. Jeremiah 3 Folsom (John, 2 John 1 ) had: 

Nathan, 4 b. Newmarket, 1717; m. Elizabeth ; d. 1769. 

Jeremiah, 4 Jr., b. July 25, 1719 ; m. March 28, 1742, Mary Hersey ; 

d. 1802. 
Elizabeth, 4 wife of Walter Bryant, Esq. 
Susanna, 4 wife of John Mead, of Stratham ; children : Benjamin, of 

Newmarket; John, of Deerfield ; Levi, of Northwood, and Jeremy, 

of Newmarket. 
Abigail. 4 

Sarah, 4 wife of Jacob Low, of Stratham. 
Ann, 4 wife of Joseph Young, of Stratham. 
viii. John, 4 of Stratham, b. July 7, 1723 ; m. 1748, Sarah, dau. of Samuel 
Veasey. Children : 1. Samuel, who died an infant. 2. David, b. 
May 20, 1750; m. Dorothy, dau. of the Rev. Wm. Johnson, of New- 
bury ; their children: (I) Hon. John, of Chester ; (2) William; (3) 

Mary, wife of Poor; (4) Martha, wile of Thomas Brackett, and 

afterwards of Shadrach Robinson ; (5) Nancy, wife of John Adams. 
(6) Elizabeth, wife of AVinthrop Hilton, of Newmarket. By a second 
wife, Martha Wiggin, b. 1729, he had: 3. Sarah, b. 1758, m. 1777 to 
John Poor; 4. Martha, b. 1760, wife of Thomas Bracket, and after- 
wards of Shadrach Robinson : 5. Anne, b. 1762, m. 1788, John Adams, 
lather of Rev. John-Folsom Adams of the Methodist church ; 6. Eliza- 
beth, b. 1769, m. to Winthrop Hilton, of Newmarket. John, 4 of 
Stratham, was a man of influence, often in office. His son David, 6 father 
of Hon. John, ranked very high in general ability ; was one of the early 
settlers of Tam worth : is said to have been the first to make cut-nails by 
machinery. He left in 1788, went to Harrisburg, Pa., died there, and 
his widow, returning to Exeter, m. Blanchard, of Chester. 

9. Jonathan 3 Folsom (John, 2 John 1 ) had: 

i. John, 4 m. (1.) Hilton, of Newmarket, and their children were : 

John; 5 Emma, 5 wife of Winthrop Odlin ; m. (2) Abigail, dau. of 
Theophilus Smith (and sister of Theo. S., of Exeter, teacher), and 
their children were Mary; 5 Elizabeth 5 (the first and second wives of 



16. 


i. 


17. 


n. 




iii. 




IV. 




V. 




VI. 




VII. 



216 The Folsom Family. [April, 

John Shaw, Esq. of Pittsfield); Theophilvs 5 of Wheelock, Vt.; James* 
of Cornville, Me. ; Ann Bradslreet , b wife of Joshua Bangs, a preacher. 

ii. Mart, 4 b. Feb. 17, 1722 ; in. Peter Folsom, son of Peter 3 and Catherine 
Gilman Folsom. 

iii. Jonathan, 4 b. 1724 ; of Newmarket, next of New Durham ; lost his leg 
by the bursting of a swivel in the rejoicings over the recent capture of 
Louisburg ; was town clerk of New Durham several years. The most 
of his children removed to Western New- York. 

18. iv. Nathaniel, 4 b. 1726. 

v. Anna, 4 m. David Gilman (prob. son of Capt. John, son of Moses). 

19. vi. Saml-el, 4 b. Feb. 22, 1732 (same day with Gen. Washington). 

20. vii. Trueworthy 4 (''Treworgye," the maiden nameof Hon. John Oilman's wife, 

b. about 1734, and mother of his children), m. Mary West, of Boston. 

21. viii. Josiah, 4 1). Nov. 5, 1735; moved to Dover ; m. May 27, 1762, Elizabeth 

(b. April 23, 1742), dau. of Dr. Josiah Gilman, of Exeter, son of Judge 
Nicholas. Dr. Gilman, when past eighty, would mount his horse and 
canter off to answer calls from patients who often sent from far. In 
1776 he was " appointed to examine and store whatever saltpetre was 
brought into town ;" held the office of clerk of the proprietors of Gil- 
manton for more than thirty years. His daughter Elizabeth's child- 
ren, who passed much of their childhood at his home, cherished his 
memory with great veneration and love. 

ix. Sarah, 4 wife of John Nelson, d. about 1800. 

x. Lydia, 4 wife of Moses Lou gee. 

xi. Elizabeth, 4 wife of William Bowden. Their daughter m. Nealy,and 

was the grandmother of Col. Joseph Cilley, of Nottingham, and of 
lion. Jonathan Cilley, of Thomaston, Me. 

xii. Abigail, 4 wife of Ebenezer Sinclair, who d. 1754. Her brother, Gen. 
Nathaniel, was guardian to her son Richard. A daughter m. William 
llackett, brother of Col. Ilackett. 

10. Benjamin 3 Folsom {Peter, 2 J aim 1 ) had: 

i. Thomas. 4 b. Dec. 2, 1737 ; m. his cousin Elizabeth Gilman (b. Sept. 13, 
173!), d. Aug. 5, 1819, dau. of Nehemiah in the line of Moses, son of 
the first Edward ; a daughter of her brother Theophilus was grand- 
mother of Gen Lewis Cass) ; d. Dec. 9, 1794. Their children were: 
Mary; 5 Benjamin; 5 Nehemiah 5 (b. June 16, 1769, m. Betsey Taylor, 
d. 1830); Rachel 5 (b. Dec. 24, m. Nathaniel Neal of Tufton borough); 
Thomas, 5 b. June 12, 1772, resided in Portsmouth, m. (1) Nancy, 
widow of Josiah Adams, Esq., of Newmarket, and their only child 
was Rev. Albert-Adams Folsom, 6 an able minister of the Universalist 
denomination and most excellent man, whose son is the present city 
treasurer of Springfield, Mass. The other children of Thomas are Eliz- 
abeth; 5 Deborah 5 (b. April 29, 1778, m. D. Thurston); Lucretia; 5 and 
(9) Lydia 5 b. June 2, 1787, m. April, 1809, Jonathan Folsom, of 
Portsmouth. 
Rachel, 4 m. March 20, 1760, James Sinclair, of Brentwood. 

Peter 3 Folsom [Peter, 2 John 1 ) had: 

Susanna, 4 b. Sept. 27, 1704; m. in Kingston, 1739, Henry Morrill, of 
Exeter. 

Elizabeth, 4 b. March 20, 1706 ; m. 1725, John Robinson. 

John, 4 b. March 14, 1709 ; m. Hannah Sanborn. He was a house car- 
penter ; skilful with his tools, but not familiar with books. Tradition 
says he kept his accounts by notches made on a particular piece of 
timber with his broad axe. 

James, 4 b. Oct. 16, 1711 ; m. June 18, 1735, Elizabeth, dau. of Capt. Jon- 
athan Thing; d. 1748. 

Peter, 4 b. July 27, 1714 ; m. Mary, dau. of Jonathan (son of Dea. John) 
and sister of Gen. Nathaniel; d. July 11, 1792. His wife was born 
Feb. 17, 1722; d. 1791. 
vi. Catherine, 4 b. Jan. 24, 1716 ; m. Samuel Lamson. 





u. 


11. 




i. 




ii. 




iii 


22. 


iv. 


23. 


v. 



1876.] The Fohom Family. 217 

12. JonN 3 {Peter, 2 John 1 ), by his first wife had : * 

i. Peter, 4 who lived near Exeter line in what was called Piscassick (New- 
market). In his will, Feb. 1, 1756, John 3 (Lieut. Peter, 2 John 1 ) gave 
" the mill, &c. to Joshua," and " the lands on the line of Newmar- 
ket and Exeter to his oldest son Peter," who paid taxes on them for 
many years. 
24. ii. Joshua, 4 b. 1721 (1711?) ; a Quaker; m. Abigail Mead; d. at Epping, 
1793. 

iii. Elizabeth, 4 m. Thurston ; named in will of her father, 1756. 

iv. Marv, 4 m. William, son of Ephraim Folsom. 

By his second wife, Mary Lyford, he had : 

v. Sarah, 4 who m. Abraham Tilton, of Epping. 

vi. Susanna, 4 wife of Nathaniel Bean, of \Y r arner, and mother of Nathaniel 

Bean, Esq., of Warner. Exeter records say, b. May 10, 1718. 
vii. Josiah, 4 b. July 27, 1725 (?) ; d. July 27, 1820. 

13. Peter 4 Folsom (John? John, 2 Joint 1 ) m. Hannah Morison ; remov- 
ed to Gilmanton, where he died, Aug. 5, 1815, aged 97. He had : 

i. Lieut. Peter, 5 who m. Betsey Calef ; moved to Gilmanton, and had Ruth? 
James, 6 Peter Lawrence 6 Peter L. 6 was b. March 27, 1772; grad. 
D. 0. 1796; taught the Academy in Fishkill, N. Y., one year ; was 
the first Principal of Gilmanton Academy, commencing 1797, and con- 
tinuing until 1804 ; m. widow Mary Lawrence, of Fishkill, Nov. 
1797 ; was merchant, magistrate, trustee of the Academy 1812-1836 ; 
d. Oct. 1, 1842, aged 70; his wife, Aug. 28, 1839. Lieut. Peter-F. 
had also Benjamin, 6 Jonathan 6 John 6 Hannah 6 (wife of William 
Peaslee), Jeremiah 6 Betsey- Smit h 6 ; and by a second wife, Elizabeth 
Bean, he had James 6 and Lawrence 6 

ii. Josiah. 5 iii. Martha. 5 

iv. Abraham, 5 who lived in Epping ; had two sons, Abraham and John, who 
lived in Gilmanton. v. John. 5 

vi. Benjamin, 5 who went to Deerlield and lived there for a time ; next with 
four sons, John- Dearborn 6 b. Dec. 28, 1762, (2) Nathaniel, 6 (3) Peter- 
Sanborn, 6 b. about 1766, (4) Tristram, 6 emigrated into Kennebec Co., 
Me., when John D. was 12 years of age (these ;< Dearborns " and " San- 
bournes " being historic names in Exeter and neighborhood). John- 
Dearborn was twice married ; used to carry the mail on horseback from 
East Machias to Cooper (some 20 miles) when quite an old man ; lived 
until past 90 ; left sons, one of whom, Benjamin, 7 aged about 84, lives 
in Rome, Me. ; two others, Elisha and Cyrus-G., with their married 
families, in Oconto, Wisconsin. Peter-Sanborn 6 m. Betsey Philbrick, 
of Exeter, and had (youngest) Benjamin, 1 of Topsfield, Me., aged 71, 
and (oldest) Titus-Philbrick, 7 of East Machias, who married twice, d. 
1832, leaving an only child, Paul-Foster, 8 b. Feb. 29, 1820, now among 
the well-known merchants of Boston, prominent in her religious activi- 
ties, an example of the success, which through great obstacles and dis- 
couragements in youth, may be reached by industry, capability and 
integrity. One factor of that success, by no means a solitary instance 
of the kind, and yet deserving of special mention, was that for a short 
time he had a teacher in his native place who knew how to speak an 

* In the closing portion of Mr. Kelley's Genealogy of Lieut. Peter, 2 and in the section 
" vi. John"— in the two paragraphs commencing with " 1" and " 7 "—there is a discrep- 
ancy between him and Mr. Lancaster, author of the History of Gilmanton, in giving the 
pedigree of Peter L., of Dart. Coll. 1796, and in tracing the genealogy of Josiah, ancestor 
of Dea. Josiah of Exeter, father of Charles Lane Folsom. Mr. Kelley makes them de- 
scendants of the first John in the line of Lieut. Peter; Mr. Lancaster puts them in the line 
of Dea. John. Now both in the Exeter Records and in the family tradition, this " Josi- 
ah" is declared to be "the son of John and Sarah [Dudley! Folsom." And as Peter 
L. was living when Mr. Lancaster's History was published, the genealogy given of Peter 
L. in that book is doubtless correct. Mr. K. has not a word to say of Dea. John's son John, 
who m. Sarah Dudley. 

VOL. XXIX. 18* 



218 The Folsom Family. [April, 

encouraging word, and to stimulate to noble endeavor — and that teacher 
no other than Rev. Dr. Harris, now Professor in the Yale Divinity 
School. Paul Foster m. (1) Maria G., dau. of Jesse Brown, who died 
AJarch 5, 1852; (2) Helen-S.-F., b. June 15, 1830, dau. of George- YV . 
Livermore, Esq., of Cambridge. Their children are : Martha-Maria, 
b. Feb. 7, 1S52 ; Sarah-Helen, h Oct. 15, 1854 ; Jennie- Sophia, b. 
April 20, 1856 ; Mary-Olivia, b. Nov. 18, 1861 ; George-Frank, b. July 
18, 1864 ; Paul-Foster, b. Sept. 23, 1865 ; Eva,b. Jan. 30, 1868 ; Gros- 
venor, b. Aug. 8, 1872.* 

14. Abraham 4 Folsom (John, 9 John, 7 John 1 ) lived in Epping; had 
two sons: 

i. Abraham, 6 b. April 29, 1744 ; d. July 6, 1811 ; m. in 1765, Hannah Folsom 
(b. March 29, 1744, dau. of William (Ephraim* Ephraim, 2 John 1 ), of 
Newmarket), 
ii. John. 6 d. Nov. 5, 1820. (Both Abraham and John lived in Gilmanton.) 
From Abraham and Hannah sprung four children, as follows: 

Jonathan, 6 b. Sept. 17, 1766 ; d. . 

William, 6 b. July 12, 1771 ; d. Nov. 20, 1801. 

Hannah, 6 b. March 17, 1775 ; d. . 

Abraham, 6 b. Oct. 8, 1777; d. Feb. 28, 1824. 
This fourth and youngest child Abraham 6 in. Mary Libbey, April 12, 
1806 (b. Sept. 28, 1789, d. May 12, 1865) ; children : 

Sally-T., 7 b. Oct. 9, 1807 ; m. Charles-la. Forest, and has a dau. 

Josie. 
George-C., 7 b. July 12, 1810 ; d. Jan. 24, 1840, leaving two child- 
dren — one a son, Gustavus-Decatur , who resides in Cleveland, 
Ohio, and is the only one living that bears the name Folsom in 
a direct line from Abraham. 6 
Decatur-A., 7 b. Feb. 5, 1814; d. May 18, 1834. 
Josepii-L., 7 b. May 19, 1816; d. at San Jose, Cal., July 19, 1855. 
Charles-P., 7 b. Jan. 30, 1819 ; d. Dec. 16, 1819. 
Frank-C., 7 b. Nov. 30, 1821 ; d. Feb. 9, 1846. 

The birth-place of Joseph L. 7 was Meredith, at the outlet of Lake 
Winnipiseogee.t The first thing resolved on, when the father had been 
taken away by an early death — the oldest child not seventeen, Joseph not 
eight, and the youngest not three — was to provide means for the education 
of the children ; and to accomplish this, the estate was sold, and the family 
moved to Northfield. Through the kind ollices of Hon. Frank Pierce, 
member of Congress, a cadetship was subsequently secured for Joseph at 
the Military Academy, West Point. He entered, June, 1836; graduated 
with honor, June, 1840; commissioned Brevet Second Lieut. 8th Infantry; 
Second Lieut. 5th Infantry, Nov. 3, 1840; served in Florida under command 
of General Worth against the Seminoles. At the end of the war, having 
been appointed Second Lieutenant, he served another year at his own request; 
then conducted a body of Indians to their new home in the West. Rejoining 
his regiment — the 5th Infantry, commanded by Brevet Brig. Gen. Brooks 

* Of Benjamin, 5 son of Peter, 4 no record is known to exist which gives any trace of him 
after going to Deerfield. But in the group of families above mentioned, there is preserved 
an unvarying tradition of a grandfather or great-grandfather Benjamin, who having mar- 
ried in Exeter, went to Deerfield, and thence into Maine, under circumstances and with 
subsequent occurrences as above stated. A correspondence between Mr. Paul Foster F. and 
his kinsfolk, east and west, which was put into the present writer's hands, fully attests 
these facts — and the remarkable coincidences of periods of time, with the confirmation from 
the early historic Exeter and Newmarket and Hampton names of the " Dearborncs " and 
" Sanbournes " and 4 ' Philbricks," seem clearly to show the line of descent running direct 
from the first John through John, 2 John 3 and Peter 4 to the individuals of this group, so long 
seeking in vain for their exact genealogical place. The history of three thousand years 
and more is repeated. The missing " cup " is " found in Benjamin's sack," and " Joseph 
is made known to his brethren." 

t For the substance of the facts here stated, see a Sketch of Capt. Joseph L. Folsom in 
the " History of San Francisco." 



1876.] The Folsom Family. 219 

on the upper Mississippi — he served in various places in the North- West 
until 1 844, when he was ordered to the Academy at West Point as Instructor 
in Infantry Tactics. Having continued there two years, and war being 
ready to break out and at last actually begun with Mexico, he asked even 
to the third time for permission to join his regiment in active service, but 
was refused. 

In the autumn of 1846, Col. Stevenson being about to leave for California 
in command of the first regiment of New-York volunteers, and learning the 
character of Lieut. Folsom, applied to have him sent as staff-officer in the 
Quartermaster's department. Satisfactory arrangements having been made, 
particularly in regard to his promotion first to the grade of 1st Lieutenant, 
and soon after to that of Captain, and all the needful commissariat having 
been provided by him, he sailed with the expedition, and after a five or six 
months voyage arrived at Yerba Buena, in the beginning of the spring of 
1847. Agreeably to orders from Gen. Kearney, he set about the work 
of inspecting the Bay of San Francisco for the purpose of selecting a site 
for the army stores ; and Yerba Buena seemed to him to be the fittest place. 
Accordingly that became the military depot, and that his station both during 
the war and for a year after its close, receiving all funds, and making all 
disbursements both for the military and civil government of California. 

Capt. Folsom had the sagacity to perceive what San Francisco — the 
name "Yerba Buena" having now been dropped for this by his own happy 
thought and instant action — was to become. He invested in it the little 
which he had — about fifteen hundred dollars; purchased, during leave of 
absence on a visit to the East, all the interest of the heirs in the Leidesdorf 
estate, returned after an absence of seven months, and was on duty again, a 
year and a half longer. The discovery of gold aided in the rapid develop- 
ment and growth of the new city. It opened like one of the magnificent 
flowers on that Pacific coast, not soon to wither and die, but to bloom in 
perpetually renewing and multiplying beauty. No man indeed makes a 
great city. Capt. Folsom did not make San Francisco. But it was a 
great thing to have a man of his intelligence and culture and generous public 
spirit one of its leading inspirers and moulders and builders. Nor will its 
future glorj' and greatness be separable from his name. But not the fortune 
of eleven millions to which his estate has already reached, and beyond which 
it is destined to swell ; not the magnificent street bearing his name, on which 
stand some of his palatial edifices, and through which the breezes are wafted in 
eternal freshness from the Pacific in one direction and the Sierras in the 
other, will be his chief distinction. It is far greater to have one of the greatest 
and bravest commanders of modern times, Major Gen. William T. Sherman, 
place that name with honor in his " Memoirs," and record it on the imper- 
ishable tablets of the heart, entitling it " My Classmate and Intimate 
Friend." 

In general address, Capt. Folsom is said to have exhibited a slight 
formality, through the influence of his military education. But he was quiet 
and gentlemanly in manners, unreserved and companionable with intimate 
friends. Amid the civil and military duties that never in his hands bore 
even the faintest suspicion of neglect, he found time for literary pursuits that 
gave him no inferior place among educated minds. But he has left behind 
him, for his friends and kinsfolk, what is better than all this — a stainless 
character, an irreproachable integrity, a wakeful sense of honor, a conscience 
void of offence in respect to the pursuit of any personal gain at the expense 



220 The Folsom Family. [April, 

of ruin to others, a reputation which under the drill and discipline of actual 
life, amid its marches and conflicts, meets the true soldierly ideal; overcomes 
in the warfare with evil, and, having done all, stands. Captain Folsom's 
earthly labors were closed in life's prime, before he had reached the age of 
forty. His eyes saw not, his ears heard not, the opening of that conflict 
more momentous and terrible than any with Indian or Mexican, or whatever 
foreign foe. Who can doubt that, had he lived, he would have counted his 
millions but loss, nor lingered a day to present himself, as in youth, for the 
service and security of his country, for the perpetuity and enjoyment 
throughout the Republic of the blessings of the Union? 

15. Josiah 4 Folsom (John? John? John 1 ), b. Sept. 25, 1725 ; d. 1820, 
aged 95 ; m. widow Martha Gould, dau. of Jeremiah Eastman, May 17, 
1754, and had : 

i. Jemima, 5 b. March 17, 1755 ; m. Peter Folsom. 

ii. Martha. 6 b. Dec. 7, 1756; m. John Nelson, of Gilmanton ; had John 
Nelson, Esq., of Haverhill, N. H., who grad. at Dartmouth, 1803, and 
died 1838, aged 60. 

iii. Lydia, 5 m. Jonathan Folsom, of Gilford, son of Peter. 

iv. Mary, 5 b. 1763 ; m. 1784, James Folsom, and had ten children. 

v. Josiah, 5 b. June 1, 1765; was deacon of the 1st church in Exeter ; m. 
Sarah Lane, of Stratham. Their children were : (1) Charles Lane,* b. 
1799; of Dart. Coll. 1820; teacher in the Academy, 1820-22; a supe- 
rior scholar, in whose early death, 1829, great hopes were blasted ; 
(2) Josiah-HS ; (3) Mary? who m. W. Keyes ; (4) Martha? wife of 
Dr. Nichols; (5) Sarah? wife of Dea. John-T. Gordon; (6) Ann? 
wife of W. Palmer, of Boston ; (7) Lucy. 6 

vi. Dudley, 5 b. Dec. 15, 1767; a physician, of Gorham, Me ; m. Lucre tia 
Swansey, of Gorham. 

vii. John, 5 b. 1770. 

viii. Deborah, 5 b. May 12, 1772 ; m. James Lane, Esq., of Stratham. 

16. Nathan 4 Folsom (Jeremiah? John? John 1 ) had: 

i. Elizabeth, 5 m. (1) Hilton ; (2) David Gilman. 

ii. Asa, 5 b. Sept. 24, 1757, called Capt. Asa ; inherited the homestead in 

Newmarket ; m. (1) Sally Boardman, and had Nathan Boardman* 

Betsey, Polly, Sally, Nancy and Hannah; m. (2) Betsey Guild; (3) 

Mary Gove, and d. in Deerfield, July, 1843. 
iii. Abigail, 5 b. Aug. 6, 1760; m. (1) Israel Gilman, of Tamworth ; (2) Capt. 

Shepherd, of Holderness. 

17. Col. Jeremiah 4 Folsom (Jeremiah? John? John 1 ) had: 

i. Jeremiah, 5 b. 1743 ; of Rochester; m. Nancy ; d. at New Durham, 

leaving no child. 

ii. Col. John, 5 b. 1745 ; of Newmarket ; m. 1767, Elizabeth, dau. of Col. Jo- 
seph Smith ; d. 1820, leaving children : (1) John? who had Mary, Eliza 
and John-Odlin ; (2) Joseph-S., 6 childless; (3) Winthrop? who m. 
Nancy Tash, had Eliza and John-S. ; (4) Jeremiah? who m. Betsey 
Hersey, had Eliza and Nicholas ; (5) Betsey, 6 w. of Elder Israel Chesley. 

iii. Peter, 5 b. 1747; of Lee ; afterwards moved into Maine; m. Sally Dam, 
at Harpswell ; had ten children, one of whom, Elizabeth, was mother 
of James and Erastus Brooks, of New-York ; d. at Harpswell. 

iv. Simeon, 5 b. April 7, 1749 ; m. Sarah Rust ; d. at Exeter, 1810, leaving two 
sons: (1) Jacob? who d. early ; (2) Hon. Simeon, 6 b. in Newmarket, 
June 19, 1776, came to Exeter at the age of 18, let himself to perform 
•in a year's time a stipulated amount of nail-making for a stipulated 
sum of money and board ; then having done the work in half the time, 
spent the other six months in getting what education he could at the 
Academy. Thence he set up nail-making for himself ; m. Mary, dau. 
of Capt. James Leavitt, of Exeter, 1800 ; opened a store for general 



1876.] The Folsom Family. 221 

trade ; took an active part in politics ; was elected Senator to the State 
legislature, 1813 ; was made Master of the Masonic Lodge; was chosen 
delegate to a convention at Portsmouth for sustaining Madison's mea- 
sures in the war-crisis ; died suddenly while on business in Wolf boro', 
Aug. 23, 1816, and in the midst of a career becoming more and more 
distinguished.* He was the father of one daughter and seven sons — 
(1) Sarah- Rust, who m. Thomas Hardy, grad. Dart. Coll. 1807 ; first a 
teacher in Boston, afterwards of Dublin, N. H., and a representa- 
tive of that town in the State legislature, and has four children : Charles- 
Carroll, Capt. Washington- Webster, Laura- Cordelia (m. Win. Vin- 
ton), Mary-L. (m. John Pinkham) ; (2) Isaac-Lord, b. 1801, m. 
Lydia Titcomb, died suddenly like his father, in the fulness of apparent 
health and fine personal development, leaving a son, Charles- Edward, 
(m. and has a family) ; (3) Jacob, of Bridgewater, b. 1803, m. Eliza 
Newell, has two children, George-William, Mary-E. ; (4) Abraham, b. 
1805, commenced life (the present writer well remembers) an enthusias- 
tic young artist ; then tried the union of the practical with the ideal, 
and sought to adorn the homes of men by spreading his painted canvass 
on the floors of their halls ; m. Abigail Smith Pierce, of Dover, Sept. 5, 
1832; has three daughters, Lydia-Ellen, Mary- Leavitt , Grace- Osborne, 
and two sons, Simeon- Peirce (d.) , and Abraham- Wilbur associated in the 
firm still bearing the name of the father and " sons ;" has won his place 
among the honored manufacturers and merchants of Boston, through 
events most adverse ; stands with tradesmen and workers who have 
made their names more noble as those of men deeply interested in the 
problems of modern thought, and earnestly devoted to the humanities 
of the age ; (5) Maj. George-P., who m. Sarah Cross, and has four 
children: Simeon-B., George- L., Nathaniel- C, Abraham ; (6) James- 
Madison, who went to Savannah, Ga.,m. Mary-Caroline Haupter, died 
and left two sons, Col. Robert (d.), Col. James-M., and one daughter, 
Maria-D.; (7) Simeon, died 1824 ; (8) Josiah-Bartlett, who m. Olive 
B. Pierce, and has six children : Mary- Olive, James-L. } Alice- O., An- 
drew-Peirce, Rebecca-White, Anna. 

v. Joseph, 5 b. 1751 ; m. dau. of Rev. Jonathan Cushing, of Dover, and died 
at Rochester, leaving children Peter and Nancy. 

vi. Levi, 5 b. July 12, 1753 ; m. 1776, Joanna, dau. of Dr. John Weeks, of 
Hampton. He removed to Tamworth, N. H., and had nine children. 
His dau. Elizabeth-S. was the wife of Samuel Chapman, of Tamworth, 
and mother of Rev. Jacob Chapman, one of the authors of the Gene- 
alogy of the Folsom Family. f 

vii. Enoch, 5 b. 1755 ; m. Foss ; had no child. 

viii. Jacob, 5 b. 1758 ; d. about 1777, in the army, unmarried. 

ix. Mary, 5 b. 1761 ; m. Peter Hersey ; had five children, and d. Aug. 31, 1839. 

x. Samuel, 5 b. 1765 ; d. unm., about 1787. 

18. Gen. Nathaniel 4 Folsom {Jonathan, 9 John, 2 John 1 ) received 
a military commission quite early in life. In the expedition against Crown 
Point, 1755, then in possession of the French, one of the ten companies, 

* Mr. F.'s Sunday suit was a snuff-colored dress-coat, with covered cloth buttons, light 
fawn-colored small clothes and white-top boots, light vest, ruffled shirt and standing collar, 
white cravat, square gold watch key with black ribbon, hair worn with a queue and combed 
back from the forehead. Add to this a stature full six feet and well proportioned, light 
blue eyes, dark hair, pale complexion, small white teeth, and manly address. 

t Mr. Chapman through many difficulties fitted for college at the Exeter Academy; 
grad. at Dartmouth 1835, and at Andover Theological Seminary 1838 ; was Principal of 
the Academy at Lyndon, Vt., one year, and at Bridgeton,Me., two years ; m. (1) Mary C, 
dau. of Hon. Nathaniel Howe, of Bridgeton; was Principal of Meyerstown Academy, 
Lebanon Co., Penn., remaining in this vicinity nearly ten years, during four of which he 
was Professor in Franklin College, Lancaster, and during two, Principal of Harrisburg 
Academy — preaching often, and to some ten different denominations; in 1852, became 
pastor of the church in Marshall, Clarke Co., 111., serving there twelve years, including one 
in which he was Professor of Languages in Terre Haute Female College ; returned to New- 
England, where he was pastor of the Congregational Church in Deerfield, N. H., six years; 
m. (2) Mary E., dau. of Charles Lane, Esq., of Stratham; is now pastor of the Congrega- 
tional Church in Kingston, N. H. 



222 The Folsom Family. [April, 

which New-Hampshire was required to raise, consisted of men from Exeter 
and neighboring towns, and was put in command of Capt. Nathaniel Folsom 
of Exeter, who proceeded through the woods to Albany, and thence to Fort 
Edward, where the New-Hampshire Rangers were posted. On the 8th of 
September, the enemy attacked the Americans in camp at Fort George, but 
were repulsed, and their commander, Baron Dieskau, was mortally wounded 
and taken prisoner. In the course of the day Capt. Folsom with his 
company of 80 men was despatched in the direction of Lake George, who 
having met the retreating forces of the French, Canadians, and Indians 
about 4 o'clock in the afternoon, posted his men behind the trees, and kept 
up a brisk firing of musketry until night, with great loss to the enemy, while 
of the Americans only six fell, and their commander brought off safely all 
his wounded, with several prisoners and a large quantity of baggage. The 
engagements of the day, thus closed by Capt. Folsom, "served more than any- 
thing else," it is said, "to revive the spirit of the colonies." He became 
Major in 1767, and soon Colonel; was for several years a member of the 
N. H. House of Representatives and a prominent member of the liberal 
party. He was chosen, together with Major Gen. John Sullivan, to represent 
New-Hampshire in the first General Congress, which met at Philadelphia, 
Sept. 5, 1774; was appointed delegate from New-Hampshire to meet other 
New-England delegates at Providence, R. I., in respect to sending supplies 
to the army; served as Brigadier General during the siege of Boston, until 
relieved by Sullivan. In 1775 he was commissioned Major General; in 
1776 was appointed one of the four Justices of the Court of Common Pleas 
for Rockingham County; in 1777 and 1779 was again chosen member of 
Congress. In the first year of his return to Washington, he writes to his 
friend Hon. Meshach Weare, President of the Council of New-Hampshire, 
that "the 8th Article of the Confederation gave him great uneasiness," as 
the South obtained by it an exemption from taxation for its negroes, who 
in reality constituted one third of its wealth, and thus caused the free States 
to bear a larger share of the burden of the charges of the war than was 
equitable. In 1778 he was chosen Councillor, and was temporary President 
of the Convention that framed the Constitution of New-Hampshire in 1783. 
Gen. Folsom m. first, (Mary?) Smith, by whom he had six children; (2) 
Mrs. Fisher, of Newburyport (formerly Mary Sprague of Boston), by 
whom he had a daughter : 

i. Nathaniel, 5 merchant, of Portsmouth, who m. (1) Mary Studley, Nov. 26, 
1771 ; (2) Olive Husk Rindge, Aug. 24, 1789. The children by his 1st 
wife were Mary* wife of Thomas- W. Rindge; Elizabeth* b. Jan. 4, 
1774, m. (1) to Joseph Noble ; (2) to Joseph Lowe — of whose children, 
Elizabeth-Studley Noble m. Major Cobbs, U. S. Army, and is mother of 
Capt. Cobbs, ship-master, of Boston; Olivia-Folsom Noble, m. Calvin 
Willard, of Worcester, (since d.); and Mary-Folsom Noble, m. Feb. 22, 
1826, Capt. John-Sherburne Sleeper, and has a family of married chil- 
dren. Capt. Sleeper, after retirement from sea-life, edited the Exeter 
News Letter ; next, for about a year, one of the Lowell papers ; then 
became chief editor and soon one of the proprietors of the Boston 
Journal, conducting that paper ably from 1833 to 1853, making it lively, 
vigorous, instructive, effective in promoting the political and moral 
welfare of city and state, pure and high-toned, read by its many readers 
with pleasure as savoring of the freshness of the sea ; Dorothy * 
third daughter of Nathaniel,* b. March 21, 1775; m. Col. Nathaniel 
Gilman of Exeter, one of whose 11 children, Mary-Olivia, m. Commo- 
dore John-Collins Long, U. S. Navy. Of the second marriage was born 
Capt. Nathaniel * ship-master, of Portsmouth, m. to Hannah Sheafe, 
dau. of William Sheafe ; Sarah-Ann, 6 wife of Rev. George-E. Adams, 
D.D. , for some years a teacher of the Academy in Portsmouth, afterward 



1876.] The Folsom Family, 223 

a greatly beloved and respected pastor of the Cong, church in Brunswick, 
Me. ; Arthur * b. 1795, who held office many years as Consul and 
Commercial Agent in Jeremie, Hayti (where he married and had 
children) , was then removed in 1868 for sympathy with the revolution- 
ary leaders, but appointed Consul General on Saget's obtaining the 
presidency, in which office he d. Nov. 21, 1870, in Orange County, N. 
, Y., soon after his return from a visit to Europe. 

ii. Mary, 5 b. 1751; m. (1), 1774, Caleb-G. Adams ; (2) was the 2d wife of 
Gov. John-Taylor Gilman ; d. Oct. 15, 1812. 

iii. Deborah, 6 b. 1753 ; m. 1776, Gov. John-Taylor Gilman, and was the 
mother of his five children ; d. Feb. 20, 1791. .Of these children, John- 
Taylor* b. 1779, Dart. Coll. 1796, d. in Charleston, S. C, Feb. 21, 
1808, unmarried. Ann-Taylor,* m. 1807, Hon. Nicholas Emery of 
Portland, Judge of the Supreme Court of Maine. Dorothy* m. Rev. 
Ichabod Nichols, D.D., one of the purest and noblest of men, and among 
the highest in his profession, whose two sons are George Henry (H. C. 
1833, M.D#Penn. 1836), of Boston, and Rev. John T. Gilman, (H. C. 
1836), of Saco, Me. Mary* m. Joseph-Green Cogswell, LL.D., who 
was associated with Hon. George Bancroft in the Round Hill School, 
Northampton, Ms., and was afterward Superintendent of the Astor Li- 
brary. Elizabeth-Taylor* (b. Aug. 14, 1788, d. Apr. 3, 1860), m. June 
1, 1815, Hon. Charles-S. Daveis, an eminent lawyer of Portland, one of 
whose daughters is wife of Rev. David Greene-Haskins, of Cambridge. 

iv. Jonathan, 5 lost at sea. 

v. Anna, 6 b. 1762 ; m. Gen. Nathaniel Giddings, and had five children. 

vi. Dorothy, 5 m. Samuel Blodgett, and was motherof Mrs. West, of Baltimore. 

vii. Ruth-Weare, 5 b. May 30, 1780, whose home for many years was at Judge 
Emery's, where she died, May 21, 1854. 

19. Col. Samuel 4 Folsom (Jonathan, 3 John, 2 John 1 ) m. (1) Anna 
Thing, (2) April 30, 1780, Elizabeth (b. Jan. 13, 1750, d. Sept. 1805), 
dau. of Noah Emery, Esq.; d. May 22, 1790. Col. Folsom was "Lieut. 
Col. of the Exeter corps of Independent Cadets, commanded by Col. John 
Phillips." When John Langdon of Portsmouth pledged his private pro- 
perty for the support of an expedition under Gen. Stark against Burgoyne, 
President Weare, chairman of the Committee of Safety, delegated Col. 
Folsom to visit Gen. Stark, to convey to him money for present expenses, 
to see what articles were immediately needed, and " advise with all persons 
in the service of the State of New-Hampshire on such things as he thought 
needful to forward the business they are engaged in." 

" Two years afterwards Col. F. was selected by the General Court to 
present to Col. Joseph Cilley, in behalf of the State, a pair of pistols which 
had been the property of Col. Stephen Holland, the tory absentee." 

" Col. Folsom kept a public house, as his widow continued to do many- 
years after his death. And it was at his house that General Washington 
stopped and partook of a collation when he visited Exeter in his Eastern tour 
in the autumn of 1789." (For these particulars, see " Exeter in 1776," pre- 
pared by the Hon. Charles H. Bell for the Ladies' Centennial Levee held 
in Exeter, Feb. 22, 1876.) Children (all by second marriage) : 

i. Nancy, 5 m. Joseph Tilton, Esq., of Exeter ; d. childless, March 10, 1837. 

ii. Samuel, 5 b. June 7, 1783. 

iii. Elizabeth, 5 b. 1785 ; m. (1) Noah Emery, Esq., 1811 (d. 1812) ; m. (2) 
Rev. Isaac Hurd, D.D., of the 2d church of Exeter. He was a favorite 
with the students of the Academy, not simply because his sermons were 
invariably short, but because he was a most amiable, scholarly, accom- 
plished man — short in stature, but the largest and finest in culture of 
any clergyman whom they knew. Dr. Hurd d. 1856 ; his wife, 187-. 
They left one child, Francis P. (H. C. 1839, M.D. Penn. 1845), of 
Reading, Mass. 



224 The Folsom Family. [April, 

iv. Joanna, 5 b. 1787; m. 1810, Sainuel-B. Stevens; lived in Exeter; had 
several children, of whom was Elizabeth, wife of William Augustus 
Norton, A.M., Prof, of Civil Engineering in Yale College ; also Samuel, 
who left a family now residing in New-York City. 

20. Trueworthy 4 Folsom {Jonathan, 2 John, 2 John 1 ), Dot so "well to 
do " in the world as his brothers, the Colonel and the General, but superior 
to them both in humor and wit ; m. Mary West, of Boston, by whom he had : 

i. John- West, 6 who came to the place where his mother was found by his 
lather, learned the printers' trade, and became established as printer and 
bookseller. One of his books is entitled "Aphorisms of Wisdom 

from the works of various writers upon Divine Subjects. 

Boston : Printed and Sold by John W. Folsom, No. 30 Union St. 
M.DCC.XCIV." 214 pp. 12mo. The Aphorisms are taken chiefly from 
Swedenborg, a list and description of whose writings are given in an 
Appendix. He also printed and published, in 1?95, "' Doctrines of the 
New Jerusalem Church, concerning the Sacred Scriptures " — together 
with numerous minor works. Mr. F. was master of the Columbian 
Lodge, 1799-1801 ; the first secretary of the Mass. Charitable Mechanic 
Association, continuing in office 5 years ; member of the Board of Health 
for Boston, 1803 ; a Justice of the Peace, 1817-22 ; d. 1823, aged 66 or 8. 

ii. Samuel. 5 

iii. Mary, 6 m. to Benjamin Silsbee, 1786. 

iv. Ann, 6 m. to Dudley Kimball, 1789. 

v. Elizabeth, 6 m. to Thomas Swazey, 1787. 

21. Jostah 4 Folsom (Jonathan? John, 2 John 1 ) succeeded no better 
than his brother Trueworthy in getting worldly gear. His home in Dover, 
on the rising-ground southwardly from the village, had a fine outward look 
over fields and village, and toward river and sky and distant hills, but it 
was very humble, one-storied, unpainted, and the income of its owner from 
making wigs and perukes, in which he was really an artist, quite meagre. 
He had indeed rich stores of anecdote and of results of observation obtained 
in his yearly trips into the Canadas, making him one of the most entertain- 
ing men of his day ; but this did not bring worldly comforts into his house- 
hold, nor procure advantages for his children. And so his boys, knowing 
well that for any good start in business, or position in society, they must 
depend solely on their personal efforts, and desiring, each of them, to build 
for himself as good a household as he could, early left the cabin-home, one 
by one, and went forth into the great world. "And God was with the lads." 
There were four of them, and three sisters. 

i. Josiah-Gilman, 6 b. 1763 ; lived, and, Dec. 31, 1837, d. in Portsmouth. He 
was a nail-cutter, chair-maker, and at the same time carried on a retail 
trade in West India goods. By a first marriage he had one son, Josiah, 
who went to Pittsburg, Pa., and two daughters, Mary and Eliza. He 
married (2) Sarah Hull, of Durham (b. Feb. 6, 1775, d. Sept. 1829, 
in whom the best qualities of womanhood were contained in a noble 
form), by whom he had (1) Sarah, m. Jan. 1, 1828, to her cousin 
J.-Gilman Folsom, a promising young merchant of Portsmouth, in part- 
nership with his uncle Nathaniel, taken away by fever on return from 
a business trip to the West, 1835, leaving two children — a dau. m. to 
Ferdinand Bosher, of Manchester, and Gilman, of Worcester ; (2) 
Lydia, m. to John Oxford, of Portsmouth, and having two children; 
(3) William-Cutter, house-builder, m. in Maryland ; d. in Vicksburg, 
Miss. , leaving two active sons, one now of Manchester, N. H., the other 
of Worcester, Mass. 

ii. Elizabeth, 6 b. 1765 ; d. 183-. 

iii. Nancy, 6 b. 1767; d. 1791. 



1876.] The Folsom Family. 225 

iv. Samuel, 5 b. Jan. 30, 1770; went to Marietta, 0., 1789, where he met his 
kinsman, not quite four years his senior, Benjamin Ives Oilman, whom 
he had known in Exeter and by whom he was perhaps led to go West ; 
engaged with him in the purchase of peltry and furs ; m. in Gallia co., 
1802, Catherine Smith, formerly of Londonderry, N. H. ; bought and 
settled on a farm of 217 acres in the French Grant, Scioto co., 1805 ; 
built vessels and sent them down the Ohio river ; d. 1813, leaving four 
children : James-Smith, merch. (who owns and lives on the home- 
stead), Samuel, Melissa, Mary (now widow of a minister who d. 1865). 
All were married, and their descendants, numbering 26, are engaged 
in the industries of life, are miners, millers, merchants, farmers, iron- 
founders and agents. Two of the sons of Mary, Charles-W. and James- 
H., living, with their mother, in Prairie City, 111., edit and manage the 
" Prairie City Herald." 

v. Abigail, 6 b. April 13, 1772, made her home with her youngest brother 
until she married (1816 or '17), Dea. Skates, of Milton, where she 
died. She was as dear an aunt as ever blessed human household. It 
was fascinating to see her measure the hands of young misses for nice 
deer-skin gloves, never failing to fit them ; and she knew how to fit 
the circumstances of life to young souls. She was a prominent mem- 
ber of the Rev. Dr. Buckminster's church. 

vi. Jonathan, 5 b. June 12, 1779 ; m. Oct. 20, 1802, in Gilford (where he at 
first lived) , Sarah Rowe (b. May 27, 1778, d. May 9, 1846) ; moved 
across the Bridge and settled on a large farm (now in Laconia) running 
down to the Bay, carrying on also his trade as house-carpenter ; d. 
June 22, 1872, aged 93 — a man very tall and large ; thoughtful, intel- 
ligent, righteous and good, beloved not less by his nephews and nieces 
than by his own family. Of his children, Jeremiah, b. May 8, 1803, 
m. twice and had three children ; Sarah-H.,b.J&n. 20, 1805, m. Edmund 
Davis, Nov. 5, 1826, well known with his sons for their iron castings 
in Dover and Portsmouth, N. H., North Andover and Lawrence, Mass., 
two of them and a daughter being married and having children (one 
in Lawrence and the other in Sagamore, Michigan) ; J osiah- Oilman, 
b. Nov. 29, 1806 (see under Josiah 6 ) ; Mary, m. L. B. Smith, of Exeter, 
and has three children ; Eliza, m. Geo. W. Evans, but has no children ; 
Adeline, m. Judge Jonathan Chase, of Conway, both of whom are dead, 
and left a son, now member of Dart. Coll.. ; Albert- Gallatin, b. Oct. 12, 
1816, one of the influential citizens of Laconia, m. to Olive B. Robin- 
son, Jan. 5, 1843, and has two living and married daughters. 

vii. Nathaniel, 5 Jr., b. in Dover, Feb. 13, 1782; d. March 12, 1866; m. 
April 15, 1805, his second cousin Mary (b. Dec. 24, 1786, d. Oct. 3, 
1853), second dau. of Theophilus Smith, farmer, of Stratham (d. 1824), 
the oldest son of Theophilus Smith, of Exeter (H. C. 1761, m. Sarah, 
third dau. of Dr. Josiah Oilman and sister of the mother of Nathaniel, 
Jr. ; was father of a large family y the most of whom were married, had 
families, and lived and died in Exeter — the mother of Mr. Nathaniel 
Shute of Exeter being one of his daughters ; was teacher, one of the 
proprietors of Gilmanton, their clerk one year, their moderator and 
treasurer seven years, their selectman ten years; was the fifth Theo- 
philus Smith and oldest son in uninterrupted descent from the first that 
settled in "Winniconnet, a part of Stratham, 1630, — that same unin- 
terrupted descent now embracing the ninth Theophilus Smith and 
oldest or only son, Theophilus Oilman Smith, Esq., of Boston, who 
grad. at H. C. 1871, just 110 years after the fifth*). The lad Nathaniel, 

* The following anecdote was told the writer some time since 1862, by Mrs. Odiorne, sis- 
ter of Mr. William Charles Gilman, and living at that time in a house built on the old founda- 
tions of the one formerly occupied by Dr. Josiah Gilman, just east of Dr. Gorham's. Before 
William Charles entered the Academy at Exeter, he was a pupil of Mr. Theophilus Smith, 
at that time teacher of a large private school. One of the exercises, occasionally, was a 
spelling-match, in which two leaders u chose sides," and the whole school, being evenly 
divided, stood arrayed one side against the other. Every one who missed a word was obliged 
to sit down ; and thus the battle went on until, on one of these occasions, only William 
Charles, the youngest and littlest boy in the school, was left standing. His teacher, placing 
him upon the table, then required the whole school, one by one, to go and bow down to 
VOL. XXX. 19 



226 The Fohom Family. [April, 

youngest child of his parents, began to earn money at eleven years of 
age, giving it all to his parents for their support : went to Portsmouth 
at 12 or 13, to learn the Waking-business with Col. Woodward (a man 
of high consideration and ample means, the lather of Mrs. John 
Haven i ; walked home weekly on Saturday, often bare-footed, carrying 
his small pecuniary stipend to his parents; set up in business at the 
age of nineteen, and engaged a popular colored man. Pomp Sprin/. to 
carry bread around and sell at a public stand, giving him one-halt' the 
net-proceeds ; bought, l>efore be was 21, the house and lot in the rear 
oi the Old North Church, lor which he paid Col. Jonathan Warner in 
silver all but one hundred dollars, and received his deed, the Colonel 
declining to take a note lor the remainder, and Baying that he would 
trust him : took hi< lather and mother and Bister Abigail very soon 
t i live with him, the old folks now made comfortable and happy as 
they had not been for years, until they died, the mother Aug. !1, 1812, 
■1 72, blessing < k>d, to ber Latest breath, for her youngest-born ; the 
her, Feb. l. 1818, aged 81. When the latter was past the meridian 
ot life, stout in person, broad-chested, muscular, his d;y became 
darkened by mental alienati «. The attacks were temporary, and the 
>- mi had always the most perfect control of him. They became less and 

1. H frequent, with 1 fflger intervals of sanity, in which he was a great 

factor m a merry household. The last few years of his life were 

serene ami lovely, with not a Solitary flash bursting Bfl from cloudfl 

in distant horizon. Eiis sleeping-chamber in the new house built by 
his son, was that of his grandson also, and had an outlook from its 
windows upon the not far distant ocean open between two bead-lands, 
where, though with dim ey , or think he saw, the ves- 

sels appearing and disappearing from behind them. Meantime and 
afterward, his youngest-born, Nathaniel, went on prospering, left his 
trade, became merchant, ship-owner in i>ir>. and real-estate holder 
(not always nor all to his advantage), retire 1 from business on a small 

income about 1836 ; lived a life calm and happy, principally with his 
youngi 'iter and her family, w it ii several other married children 

around bim, until in his eighty-fifth year he died. In early manh od 

he was a member of the P. »y:il Arch Chapter OS : member of 

the Mechanics Charitable Association, and Mechanic Fire Society. 
The red buckets oi the latter hung in his entry. In the terrible night 

of the fire of Dec. 22, 1813, followed by another lire on the I2tfa of 

January, 1814, he came home once, girt about with his blanket, all be- 
grimed with smoke, wet through and through with the water, and from 
the next day alter the last tire. Buffered a long and most painful confine- 
ment to his chamber — the first and only sickness he ever had until his 
death. He was the most even-tempered and the best man the writer 

has ever known. She who was hi- only wife was also his true help- 
meet, " rising while it was yet night to give meat to her household," 
kv stretching out her hands to the poor," " shewing hospitality," 
eminently religious, a great reader and thinker as her father and 
mother we re her, seeking to stimulate her children to hon- 

orable endeavors in life. They had eight children : (1) Nalhaniel- 

him. The father was justly displeased on being informed of it, and feared that Mr. Smith 
would spoil the boy. But that young lad, who was also the cousin and early companion of 
Charles Folsom, maintained in subsequent life, both as a lm*ir)cs> man and a Christian, the 
same preeminence among hi- fellows, snd was as unasMimiriLr as he was preeminent. 

Theophilus, son of the teacher, did not do inueh of the work of farming personally, except 
in planting and in haying time. He used to visit Portsmouth almost every Saturday, car- 
rying his butter and cheese and lamb, in his wagon or sleigh, to market, and take up his 
oldest grandson with him about once a month. He loved to roam the woods in pursuit of 
game, and by the banks of the stream running into the Winniconnet for trout and perch, tak- 
ing his grandson along with him. He was a reading man, familiar with such works as Plu- 
tarch's Lives, Josephus, and Rolling's Ancient History. The works of Chillingworth, 
Reeve's Apologies of Justin Martyr, Tcrtullian, and Minutius Felix, once his, have been 
since his death in the possession of the writer. lie used to tell me, that in a fit of anger at 
being severely punished by his father for what was but an accident, but caused serious in- 
jury to his next older brother, he abandoned his preparation for entering Harvard. He 
never repented of it but once, and that was for the whole of his after life. 






1876.] The Folsom Family. 227 

Smith* b. March 12, 1806 ; bap. the 27th of the next April, by 
Dr. Buckniinster ; m. Oct. 30, 1832, Ann Wendell, dau. of Hon. llun- 
kin»r Penhallow, of Portsmouth, and Harriot Scot (children: Justin- 
Nathaniel, b. Aug. 8, 1833, d. April 20, 1851; Edward-Penhallow, b. 
June28,1835,fellin the first battle at Yuca,Miss.,in the late Avar; Sarah- 
J3raincrd,b. Aug. 21,1836, d. June 1, 1839; Paris-Hill, b. Jan. 12, 1840, 
of Washington, D. C, who is married and has two sons and one daugh- 
ter; Charles-Follen, b. April 3, 1842, H. U. 1862, M.I). 1870, of Boston, 
Secretary of the State Board of Health; Harriet- Elizabeth, Anna- 
Smith, Ellen Minot, the last three all teachers — the youngest being one 
of the teachers in the Boston (iirls' High School) ; (2) Mary-Gilman, b. 
Sept 2, 1811, d. Feb. 12, 1819; (3) Inn-Elizabeth, b. Aug. 15, 1814, 
m. in 1833, Jeremiah Mathes, merchant of Portsmouth, d. March 16, 
1862, leaving four sons (two of whom, Edwin N. of D. C. 1851, and 
Capt. George, are dead) and two daughters (the father also d. March, 
1866); (4) Sarah-Jane, b. Sept. 28, 1817, d. March 10, 1836; (5) 
Samuel- Oilman, accountant, b. Dec. 6, 1820, m. Mary Ann Seavy, by 
whom lie has one son, Eugene of San Francisco, and one daughter ; (6) 
John-Henry, house-builder, b. Aug. 18, 1622, m. Lucy Jane Trundy, by 
whom he has had two sons and one daughter (d. young) ; (7) James- Wil- 
liam, accountant, b. July 15, 1824, m. and has 8 - >n ; [8) Mary- Frances, 
twin sister of the latter, m. Nathan V. Mathes, merchant, of Ports- 
mouth, and has two daughters, Frances-Abby, teacher in the Bradford 
Female Academy ; and Ella, m. 0. Morris Trediek, of Portsmouth, who 
has one daughter, Helen. 

22. James 4 Folsom (Peter* Peter* John 1 ) m. June 18, 1735, Elizabeth 
Thing, dau. of Capt. Jonathan Thing. They had one child : 

James, 6 b. June 27, 1737, who m. Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Webster, Dec. 
1763. Of their seven children was 
i. James, 6 b. 1765; m. to Sarah (1>. l?<iti, j. 1805). dau. of Capt. Josiah Oil- 
man, and grand-dan. of Rev. Nicholas, the brother of Dr. Josiah. The 
children of James 6 by Sarah were : Sophia, b. 17^7 , wife ol Daniel 
Rundlett ; Joseph- G., b. 1788; 8orah-G., b. 1790, wife of Silas 
Gould; Henry, b. 1792; Charles, b. 1704, d. L872 ; Anna-G., b. 1797, 
wife of J. O. Gerrish ; Mary-G.,h. 1799; George- W., b. 1803; also, 
by a second wife, Harriet, Stephen and James. Out of these eleven 
children, 
Charles 7 attained special distinction. Having graduated at Harvard, 
1813, he began in the autumn of 1814 to study divinity, but was obliged 
to relinquish it from ill health, and in the spring of 1816 he accepted 
the offer to go out in the 74 gun-ship M Washington" as chaplain and 
as the midshipmen's teacher in mathematics. In 1817, he was appoint- 
ed Charge d' Affaires at Tunis, where he continued until 1819. One 
of these young lads obtained permission to accompany him and continue 
his studies under him. Almost half a century passed, and there visited 
Boston a naval officer of renown, whose first visit, after the public hon- 
ors of reception, was to Mr. Folsom in Cambridge. It was Vice-Ad- 
miral Farragut, now a veteran of national fame, who wanted to see 
his old teacher. On leaving New-England, the Admiral sent him a 
magnificent vase, with beautiful engravings from sketches drawn by 

* Nathaniel-Smith, grad. Dart. Coll. 1828, Andover Theological Seminary 1831 ; was 
missionary at the South and West, 1831-33 ; Prof, in the Lit. Department of Lane Semina- 
ry, 1833-4; Prof, of Biblical Literature (with his classmates Clement Long, Prof, of Intel- 
lectual and Moral Philosophy, and Jams Gregg. Prof, of Sacred Rhetoric) in the Western 
Reserve Coll., Hudson, Ohio, 1834-36 ; pastor of the Congregational Church in Frances- 
town, N. H., 1836-38; of the High Street Church, Providence, R. I., 1838-40; and of the 
Church of the First Parish, Haverhill, Mass., 1840-47; minister-at-large in Charlestown, in 
connection with Dr. G. E. Ellis's society, and also editor of the Christian Register, 1847-49 : 
Prof, of Biblical Literature in the Meadville Theological School, 1849-61 ; since then a pri- 
vate teacher. He is the author of a " Commentary on Daniel, 1842," 12 mo. pp. 231 ; of 
the " Four Gospels, translated from the Greek text of Tischendorf, with various readings, 
and with Critical and Expository Notes, Boston, A. Williams & Co., 1869," 12 mo. pp. 
486 ; also of articles in various religious periodicals. 



228 The Folsom Family. [April, 

his own hand, as an acknowledgment of indebtedness to " the young 
Yankee pastor " for good influences, helping him to do whatever he had 
done for his country and the world. Returning from the Mediterranean, 
Mr. Folsom became Tutor in Harvard, 1821-23 ; Librarian of the Coll., 
1823-26 ; Librarian of the Boston Athena3um, 1845-56. He performed 
many important literary labors ; sent forth an excellent school edition 
of Cicero's Orations ; and it is especially to his praise that authors like 
Quincy and Norton and Sparks and Palfrey and Prescott and Parsons 
— both Dr. Parsons and Dr. Palfrey contributing beautiful memorial 
sketches of him — put their manuscripts or proofs into his hands, and 
cordially acknowledged their great indebtedness to his valuable services. 
The most fragrant of the memories still blooming from his dust, is that 
11 his kindness was warm, constant and unselfish. No one ever knew 
him refuse a favor which it was in his power to grant, or think first 
of himself, when the question was whether he should benefit himself 
or another." 

On the 19th of October, 1824, he m. Susanna Sarah, daughter of Rev. 
Joseph McKean, Prof, of Rhetoric and Oratory in Harvard. His wife, 
three sons (Col. Charles- W., H. C. 1845, Civil Engineer; Norton, 
M.D., Harv., Surgeon 45th colored troops, Resident Physician Mass. 
Gen. Hospital : Rev. George-McKean, H. C. 1857, Supervisor of Public 
Schools) , and one daughter, survive him. Two of the sons are married. 

ii. Thomas,' b. May 11, 1769; m. Ednah Kla ; resided in Kennebunk and 
Portland ; had children : Louisa, Charles, Clarissa, also 
George, 7 of Harvard College 1822, LL.D. of Vermont University 1860, 
an eminent author of several annalistic, antiquarian and historic papers 
and works, member of the N. Y. Senate 1814-47, U. S. minister to 
Holland 1850-53. He was horn in Kennebunk, May 23, 1802; m. 
Margaret Cornelia, dan. of Benjamin Winthrop, 1839; d. at Rome, 
Italy, 1870, leaving one son Georye-W. of New-York, who m. Miss 
Fuller, and two daughters Margaret and Helen- Stuyvesant — the latter 
a member of the sisterhood at (luer, Efrig., who in a brief sketch has 
wrought a beautiful tribute to her father's domestic virtues, his love of 
literary men and pursuits, his abundant and elegant hospitality, genial 
temper, courtesy and kindness to high and low, exhibiting in particu- 
lar that trait which obtained for him when a lad the name of " Gentle 
Georgie," but which was not less conspicuous in the man than in the 
child. 

iii. Nathaniel, 6 b. April 2, 1771 ; m. Mary Bond ; d. in Hallowell, Me., 
whose children were: Thomas- Oliver, M.D., Harv. 1825; d. 1827; 
Mary, Elizabeth, and Clarissa. 

iv. Peter. 6 b. Feb. 22, 1775, Kennebunk; m. Susan Jenkins; d. June, 1817. 

v. Mary, 6 b. July 12, 1776, wife of Nathaniel Jefl'erds, Kennebunk. 

vi. John. 6 b. Nov. 5, 1777 ; m. Hannah Swasey, of whom was born John- 
Fulford, 1 bookbinder, of Boston. The latter's wife. Caroline, was dau. 
of Mary Rogers (b. Jan. 10, 1780, dau. of Capt. Benjamin Rogers of 
Newburyport) and John Shaw, son of Rev. Jeremiah Shaw, of Moul- 
tonborough, N. II. (II. C. 1767; first supplied as missionary at the 
Isles of Shoals, 1773-75, when most of the people became dispersed 
through fear of being captured by the British ; was ordained, Nov. 17, 
1779, pastor of the Congregational church in Moultonborough then 
quite on the frontier, where he continued until 1816, when he resigned, 
but supplied the pulpit six years longer. He d. 1834, in the 88th year 
of his age, " a man of a quiet turn of mind and of good judgment," 
drawing to public worship people who used to walk, or ride on horse- 
back, 10 miles each way — one old man of Centre Harbor saying that he 
could not recollect of more than one or two instances in which the 
weather or bad travelling kept him away ; and an intelligent farmer of 
Tamworth being accustomed to say, in the hearing of his son, Rev. Mr. 
Chapman, who told the present writer, " When I want a fervent prayer, 
I like to hear Parson Hidden ; when I want a sermon, I like to hear 
Parson Shaw "). From this parentage sprung : 
Albert-Alonzo, 8 whose name and fame are inseparable from the Boston 
and Providence Rail-Road, of which he has been several years Super- 






1876.] The Folsom Family, 229 

intendent, having developed naturally from quite early life into pre- 
eminent fitness for the duties of his office. He has named some of his 
iron steeds after characters which are an embodiment of the most genial 
thoughts of one of the greatest of the writers of fiction in modern 
times. We cannot help thinking that with Mr. F. this intercourse 
with works of the imagination is no unusual mode of relaxation, and 
that like many other efficient men he owes to it much of the ease and 
heartiness and success with which he wields his large responsibilities, 
and not simply to bis industry and fidelity and ability. 

Mr. F. is Senior Warden of the Columbian Lodge. He married, 
April 11, 1861, Julia Elizabeth, dau. of Francis B. Winter, of Boston. 
Their children are : Frank-B.- W., b. Feb. 6, 1862; Chandler- P., b. Dec. 
1, 1865 ; Mary- Winter, b. Sept. 30, 1867. 

23. Peter 4 Folsom (Peter, 3 Peter, 2 John 1 ) m. Mary, b. 1722, d. Oct. 
1791, dau. of Jonathan 3 Folsom {John 2 John 1 ). This is the first intermar- 
riage between the lines of Dea. John and Lieut. Peter — the great-grandson 
of the first John in the line of the latter marrying the great-granddau. in 
the line of the former. They had ten children : 

i. Mary, 5 b. Aug. 31, 1744 ; m. Samuel Clark, of Gilmanton, July 4, 1762, 
and was mother of Elder Peter Clark. 

ii. Catherine, 5 m. Wadleigh. 

iii. Anna (or Nancy), b. Jan. 1749; m. Feb. 1771, Joseph Young, Esq., of Gil- 
manton, whose dau. Mary was mother of Hon. W. H. Y. Uackett, of 
Portsmouth. 

iv. Peter, 5 b. June 24, 1750; m. Jemima, b. March 7, 1755, dau. of Josiah 
Folsom (grandson of Dea. John). They lived in Gilmanton, and both 
died in 1832 ; had Jemiua, Lydia, Peter, Josiaij, Nathaniel, Folly, 
Samuel and Martua. 

v. Elizabeth, 5 m. Lieut. Jonathan Perkins of Gilmanton, officer in the 
Revolutionary army. 

vi. Nicholas, 5 b. at Exeter, April 29, 1752 ; m. Dorothy, dau. of Joseph 
Leavitt, of Exeter ; moved to Gilmanton, about 1787 ; d. June 20, 1847. 
They had Capt. Nicholas, b. Aug. 9, 1785, father of Nicholas- Leavitt 
Folsom, M.D., b. Dec. 20, 1815, of Portsmouth, also of Peter, Joseph, 
Dudley, Jonathan, Thomas, Polly, Dolly, Love-Leavitt, James and 
Lydia. 

vii. Jonathan, 5 of Gilford, b. at Exeter, 1753; m. (1) Lydia, dau. of Josiah, 
grandson of Dea. John ; m. (2) Sarah Green of Stratham, who was his 
administratrix 1814. He had four sons : Jonathan, 6 Peter, 6 Samuel, 6 
Benjamin, 6 and a dau. Sarah. 6 The first of these, Jonathan, 6 b. 1785, 
m. Lydia (see under Benj. 3 ), d. 1825. He was an eminent contractor 
and builder : built the sea-wall at the Isles of Shoals, to form a haven for 
imperilled vessels, and only proved the futility of saying to the furious 
sea just there, Hitherto shalt thou come and no further ! He built the 
enduring works of the large stone wharf on the western side of the 
Portsmouth Navy- Yard, the first Seventy-Four-House, vast and nobly- 
proportioned, and timber-houses. The Stone Church in Portsmouth, 
which for use as a house of worship and kindred religious exercises, for 
simple beauty and quiet grandeur, has not been surpassed, nor is likely 
to be, he began to build, saw its walls rise with exultation, but died 
of exposure and overwork a year before its completion. He left four 
children : Dea. Thomas, of Exeter, b. 1810; Mary-Elizabeth, b. 1812 ; 
Hiram, b. 1814; Charles, b. 1816. 
Peter, 6 brother of Jonathan, 6 m. Hannah Hook, and had eight children, 
among whom is Peter- William, b. 1813, of Boston (Roxbury District), 
married, and having a son and daughter. 

viii. James, 5 b. July 22, 1756; m. Dec. 2, 1784, Mary, dau. of Josiah Folsom 
(grandson of Dea. John) ; had eleven children, of whom Lydia, m. 
Nathaniel Nelson, of Gilmanton ; Martha, m. Dudley Nelson, of Gil- 
manton ; Lavinia, m. Samuel Nelson, of Salem, Mass. ; Sarah-R., m. 
Joseph Safford, of Danvers, Mass. ; Frances, m. Benjamin Gordon ; 
VOL. XXX. 19* 



230 The Folsom Family. [April, 

Nancy- Y. , m. Daniel Melcher ; Mary, was imm. The sons were James, 
Josiah, Peter- G. of Dan vers, Nicholas D. 
ix. Samuel, 5 b. Nov. 3, 1761 ; went to Deerfield, 1792 ; m. (1) Anna Shepherd 
of Deerfield, (?) by whom he had, with three other children, Peter, 
b. Oct. 31, 1789, whom. (1) Nancy Smith, and is father of Peter, b. 
Aug. 16, 1817, now of Bloomington, 111., m. to Cordelia Soule, and 
the father of live children. By a second wife, Nancy Smith, Samuel 
had two more children ; then is said to have moved to Cornville, Me., 
where several of his children also live. 
Nathaniel, 5 m. James, lived in Gilmanton. 

24 Joshua 4 Folsom (John? Lieut. Peter? John 1 ), b. 1711(F), was a 
Quaker or Friend, of Epping, a public speaker in the Society of Friends, 
who died 1793 or '4. His children were : 1. Thomas, b. 1746, and d. with- 
out children. 2. John, b. 1755, m. Mary Fowler, lived and died in Sand- 
wich. 3. Joshua. 4. Miry, wife of Fry. 5. Abigail. 6. Benja- 
min, who had Mead, Thomas and John. 7. Samuel, who died soon after 
his father, leaving children, Joshua, Mary, Huldah and Betty. 8. Betty, 
who died before her father. He has a very large number of descendants. 
In correspondence with Henry-Page Folsom, Esq., of Circleville, O. (who, 
besides the particulars of his own genealogy, gave information concerning 
the descendants of Samuel Folsom, son of Josiah (Jonathan 3 &c), when the 
senior writer had been long and utterly baffled in trying to find their where- 
abouts), Mr. Chapman learned that a branch of Joshua has flourished 
there for a long time. II. P. F., b. 1854, is son of Charles and nephew of 
Henry Folsom 7 (now Henry Page, a lawyer, b. Circleville, O., 1821), son 
of Joshua, 6 Joshua, 5 Joshua 4 (the Quaker). His mother's family lived in 
Philadelphia, and belonged to the Society of Friends. 

Some years ago, a farmer of Wayland, Mass., bearing the name of 
" Folsom," a lineal descendant of the Quaker, and, in common with his 
whole family, cherishing a remarkable veneration for him, but at that time 
unable to trace his pedigree further back, related to the writer in substance 
the following story, which was put on record without delay and is now 
simply transcribed. 

Joshua was the proprietor of 2,000 acres of land, still in the possession 
of his descendants. He was a miller. The people of the town, in those 
Revolutionary times, called him a Tory, because being a Friend he could 
not go with them in their war measures ; and they combined to spill all his 
grain into the water. Mr. Cilley, of Nottingham or Deerfield, hearing of 
this, and being an executor of an estate which the miller owed for rye, im- 
mediately proceeded to secure, if possible, the payment before the catastro- 
phe. " In which will you take your pay," said the miller, " in silver or in 
rye " ? " In rye, if agreeable, because it is every day rising." The miller 
measured out the same number of bushels that he received. " Why, Sir," 
exclaimed the amazed executor, " rye is worth twice as much as when you 
bought, and you ought to give me only one-half the amount." " No 
matter, I choose to return what I received." " Is that your principle ? " re- 
sponded Mr. C, " why they call you a Tory, and say you are opposed to 
independence." " No, I am not ! I want the country to be free, but I don't 
want to goto war about it." Mr. C. then added, ''they are going to throw 
all your grain into the water to-night. But they shall pass over my dead 
body first" ! And off he rode, got the people together and told them the 
story. The plot was abandoned. The Quaker Joshua became the most 
famed hero in the region for his kindness to the widow and fatherless. We 



1876.] Notes on American History. 231 

may still see those pitiful, determined eyes, through the dust of the mill, 
and hear that calm Christian voice amid the clatter uttering its " Yea " and 
" Nay," avoiding in reply " whatsoever is more than these," because it 
" cometh of evil," and feel that he did what was wisest and best. 

Note. — The preceding article originated from a conversation between the two gentlemen 
named at the beginning, and from the known intention of the Rev. Mr. Chapman to prepare 
a book embracing a complete genealogy of the Folsom Family. The latter was advised to 
furnish an article for the Historical and Genealogical Register, with a view to obtain the 
cooperation of all interested in the object. It was accordingly furnished, confined strictly 
to " the first four generations " and within the " six printed pages" to which such articles 
are in general limited. It was then submitted to the senior writer's revision, who could not 
take it in hand until January of the present year. On consultation with friends it was 
thought advisable to introduce historical and biographical sketches — the additional expense 
being cheerfully borne by them. And then as it became known that a multitude of the 
Foisoms of the present generation would not be helped at all by a paper within the specified 
limits, it was deemed expedient to include all the names given in Mr. Kelley's Genealogy- 
published many years ago in the "Exeter News Letter" (of which very few copies are in 
existence), in as full and perfect a form as possible. And so the paper grew in the senior 
writer's hands until it has swelled to more than four times the " six pages," embracing a 
large amount of new names and dates within the scope of the generations assigned to himself 
by Mr. Kelley as well as beyond them. 

The kindness of postmasters and postmistresses is gratefully acknowledged, especially 
in the instance of finding a married sister of Capt. Folsom, of California, who, through her 
daughter, furnished a very full family-record, going back far enough to be easily connected 
with names found in Mr. Lancaster's History of Gilmanton, in direct descent from the first 
John Folsom. Nor could important portions of the article have been written without the 
valuable aid of Mr. John Ward Dean, the Librarian of the Historic Genealogical Society, and 
Editor of its periodical, in putting just the needed books before the writer for personal re- 
search ; also of the Librarian of the Congregational Library. A constant correspondence 
has also been maintained with Rev. Mr. Chapman, who has already a more extensive col- 
lection of names, dates, &c, of the Foisoms than any other person in the country. 

In taking his final leave, the senior writer earnestly asks the descendants of John Fol- 
som to communicate names, dates (going back the farthest they can), occupations, biogra- 
phical sketches, &c, to the Rev. Jacob Chapman, Kingston, N. H. Let them do this before 
the oldest generation now living shall pass away. Especially let efforts be made like that 
of Mr. Paul Foster Folsom (mentioned in note, p. 218), and the work of putting the various 
groups in lineal connection with the first John Folsom will be more practicable ; whereas 
in their present state many of the names now in the hands of Mr. Chapman are utterly 
untraceable. And let every family pledge itself to purchase his book when completed. We 
trust he will be able to produce a companion-volume to the " Gilman Genealogy," that 
model of its class in form and method and general execution. If in five or in seven years 
from the present time he shall have published such a work, he will not fail to win the grati- 
tude of his kinsmen, and to find a welcome also from many beyond them. n. s. f. 



NOTES ON AMERICAN HISTORY. 

[Continued from vol. xix. page 300.] 
By the Rev. Edward D. Neill, President of Macalester College, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

No. VII. 
Speech of Sir William Berkeley to the Virginia Assembly, 1651. 

NEITHER in Sabin's valuable catalogue of books on America, 
nor in the " Manual ' ? of Lowndes is mention made of a pamph- 
let which I once examined in the library of the University of Dublin. 
It is the speech of the Royalist Governor of Virginia, occasioned by 
the Parliament of England passing an ordinance in 1650, which de- 
clared that Virginia having originated from the authority, wealth 
and population of England was dependent upon and subject to the 
legislation of Parliament. 



232 Notes on American History. [April. 

The title of the pamphlet is — 

THE SPEECH 
of the Honourable 

WILLIAM 
BERKELEY 

Governour and Capt : Generall of Virginea, 
to the Burgesses in the Grand 
Assembly at James Towne on the 
17 of March 165J. 

TOGETHER WITH A 

DECLARATION 

Of the whole Country, occasioned upon the 
Sight of a printed paper from England 
Intituled An Act, &c. 



H A G H. 

Printed by Samuel Broun, English 
Bookseller, 1651. 



The opening sentences evince the " perfervidam vim," for which 
the old Royalist was distinguished. We give them in the hope that 
at no distant day the whole may be reprinted. 

Gentlemen, you perceave by the Declaration, that the men of Westminster 
have set out, which I beleeve you have all seene, how they meane to deale 
with you hereafter, who in the time of their wooing and courting you pro- 
posed not hard conditions to be performed on your parts, & on their owne 
nothing but a benigne acceptance of your duties to them. 

Indeed me thinks, they might have proposed something to us, which might 
have strengthened us to beare their heavy chaines they are making ready 
for us, though it were but an assurance that we shall eat the bread for 
which our owne Oxen plow, and with our own sweat we reape ; but this 
assurance (it seemes) were a franchise beyond the Condition they have re- 



1876.] Notes and Queries, 233 

solved on the Question we ought to be in. For the reason they talk so 
Magisterially to us, is this ; we are forsooth their worships' slaves, bought 
with their money and by consequence we ought not to buy or sell but with 
those they shall authorize with a few trifles to cozen us of all for which we 
toile and labour. If the whole current of their reasoning were not as ridi- 
culous as their actions have been Tyrannical and bloudy, we might wonder 
with what browes they could sustain such impatient assertions. For if you 
looke into it, the strength of their argument runs onely thus : we have laid 
violent hands on your Land-Lord, posses'd his Manner house, where you 
used to pay your rents, therefore now tender your . respects to the same 
house you once reverenced. 

I call my Conscience to witness, I lie not, I cannot in all the Declaration 
perceave a stronger argument for what they would impose on us than this 
which I have now told you. They talke indeed of money laid out on this 
Country in its infancy. I will not say how little, nor how Centuply re- 
paid, but will onely aske was it theirs ? Surely, Gentlemen, we are more 
slaves by nature, than their power can make us, if we suffer ourselves to be 
shaken with these paper bulletts & those on my life are the heaviest they 
either can or will send us. 

Notwithstanding this confident assertion, in September, 1651, Sir 
William Berkeley surrendered the government to Parliament Com- 
missioners, and the best men of Virginia , among others Col. Richard 
Lee, the ancestor of Richard Henry Lee, who in the Continental 
Congress offered the resolution that the colonies ought to be free, 
became most faithful and useful to the interests of parliament. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Education at the Centennial. — The Bureau of Education in the Department of 
the Interior at Washington has undertaken a very elaborate series of inquiries to 
obtain information relating to educational institutions for exhibition at the Centen- 
nial. General Eaton, the Commissioner of Education, who also represents the 
Department of the Interior in whatever is to be shown under the auspices of govern- 
ment from that department, has sub-divided the duties among several gentlemen of 
experience in their several lines of inquiry, and the researches will embrace every 
grade of instruction, from the primary school to the college and professional 
seminary. The inquiries concerning universities, colleges, professional schools and 
special schools of science, have been placed in charge of Dr. Franklin B. Hough, of 
Lowville, N. Y., who is personally visiting as many of them as time will admit. 
In January last he informed us that he had already visited over a hundred of these 
institutions, and from nearly every one had received cordial assurances of coopera- 
tion. Many more have expressed their approval of the plan proposed, and there is 
reason to expect that nearly all will comply with the request. 

The plan consists in a representation of maps of College grounds, on a scale of 100 
feet to the inch ; plans of buildings, showing internal arrangements, on a scale of 
24 feet to the inch, and drawings or photographic views of buildings, on sheets of 
paper 10 by 12 inches. The portraits of founders, benefactors and professors will 
also be collected, as fully as possible, and by preference, on paper 8 by 10 inches in 
size. 



234 JSfotes and Queries, [April, 

The institutions are also requested to forward series of catalogues, circulars, com- 
memorative addresses, and, in short, whatever may have been printed by, or relating 
to them. The design is to make the library of the Educational Bureau at Washing- 
ton as full as possible, in its special department, and when these collections, made 
for the Centennial, are finally placed in that repository, it will become a most valua- 
ble collection of information in its special line of research. 

A feature in these collections deserves especial commendation. It is proposed to 
prepare a card list of the names of all graduates of American Colleges, in one alpha- 
betical series. To this end, a special circular has been issued, for the purpose of 
collecting triennial or other general catalogues, and many colleges, in the absence 
of such, are sending manuscript lists, as well as lists to supplement the last edition, 
and bring the series down to date. It is not certainly known that this list will be 
printed, but its existence in a public library, accessible to the student of history and 
biography, will be highly appreciated by every person who has ever tried to find 
such data and failed for want of catalogues for reference. It cannot probably be 
made complete, as some records have been irretrievably lost ; but anything like an 
approximation to fulness will be valuable, and when once made, a little attention 
on the part of the office will enable it to keep its list complete to date. 

The inquiries relating to colleges, &c. , are embodied in a series of eight circulars, 
that have been issued to each of these institutions. If any have failed to receive 
them, they should notify the office of the fact, in order that another set may be for- 
warded. Persons having old copies of college catalogues, and especially triennials, 
would confer a public favor by sending them to the Bureau of Education at Wash- 
ington. If they prove to. be duplicates there, they will find their way into some 
other library, in the course of exchange, and thus aid in completing some collection 
that will benefit the locality. 

Dr. Franklin — Isaiah Thomas. — In 1824, Josiah Flagg, of Lancaster (a relative 
of Dr. Franklin, and also employed by him as clerk in 1785-6), presented to Isaiah 
Thomas, as President of the American Antiquarian Society, certain books, &c, 
which had been given to him by his " great'uncle," Dr. F. — being a quarto volume 
of " Experiments and Observations on Electricity," and pamphlets — " Maritime 
Observations," and " Stilling the Waves at Sea." 

In making this gift, he related this circumstance. " One day in his (Dr. F.'s) 
library, I opened an elegant folio Bible and said, ' This, sir, is a splendid edition.' 
' Yes,' said he, ' it was printed by Baskerville, the greatest printer in England ; 
and our countryman, Mr. Thomas, of Worcester, is the Baskerville of America.' ' : 

This tribute to Mr. Thomas seems to me worthy of publication and preservation. 
Boston, Mass. B. A. G. Fuller. 

[The Hon. Benjamin F. Thomas, in the life of Isaiah Thomas, his grandfather, 
prefixed to the new edition of the " History of Printing " (vol. i. p. lxxvii.), quotes, 
from the letter of a relative of Franklin, this anecdote ; but he does not give the 
name of the relative. — Ed.] 

Indian Deserter, 1708. {Communicated by Frederic Kidder, Esq.) — 

Boston Aug. 2 d 1708 
Sir, I am directed by his Ex c ? to aquaint you that the Indian deserter whom you 
sent by Moulton and Atkinson was safely conducted hither is committed to prison , ( 
Your care therein is well accepted, the charge must be added to your account of 
other expenses. I am sir your humble Servt 
To Col. Thomas Noyes " Isa. Addington. 

Newbury. Sec'y. 

Barrett. — Can any of your readers give me information as to the ancestry of 
Samuel Barrett, or his wife Sarah Manning? They were married March 8, 1693-4. 
He was a merchant, living on Hanover st. His will was proved Aug. 7, 1733. So 
far as I can find out, he was the father of fifteen children. 

Boston, Mass. J. L. Hale. 



Gibbons. — Rachel Edgecomb, Patience Annable, Rebecca Wakefield, Hannah 
Mace and Elizabeth Sharp, supposed to be children of James Gibbons of Saco, as his 
property was divided between them in 1730. 

Harrison, Me. G. T. Ridlon. 



1876.] 



JVotes and Queries. 



235 



Ages of Harvard College Graduates. — The document of which the following is 
a copy is evidently intended to give the ages of certain graduates of Harvard College 
at the time of their graduation. The manuscript, which belongs to the New-Eng- 
land Historic, Genealogical Society appears to have been written near the beginning 
of the present century. 

17 ys. 10 ms. 



Christopher Gore was 
Judge Sami Sewall 
Judge Thomas Dawes 
Rufus King 
Doctr W. Spooner 
Judge John Davis 
Dudley Atkins Tyng 
Harrison G. Otis 
Arnold Welles 
John Welles 
Artemas Ward 
W m Eustis 
Perez Morton 
Rev d Doct r J. Eliot 
Levi Lincoln 
Theophilus Parsons 
William Tudor 
John C. Jones 
Benj. Hichborn 
Sir W m Pepperell 
Gov 1 Caleb Strong 
Sampson Salter Blowers 
Timy Pickering 
Elbridge Gerry 
Elisha Hutchinson 
Thomas Palmer 
Daniel Leonard 
Eben r Hancock 
Doct r Sam 1 Danforth 
Thomas Hutchinson 
John Pitts 
Henry Hill 

Gov John Wentworth 
Presd 4 John Adams 
Doct r Isaac Rand 
Oliver Wendell 
Lt Gov Tho 8 Oliver 
D r Mather Byles 



18 
20 
22 
18 
20 
20 
17 
18 
17 
21 
19 
20 
17 
19 
19 
19 
18 
22 
19 
19 
25 
18 
18 
18 
18 
20 
18 
18 
17 
19 
19 
18 
19 
18 
19 
19 
16 



7 

4 
4 
6 

10 
9 

10 
9 
6 
1 
8 
2 
2 
5 
3 
1 
5 
5 
6 
4 


6 


9 

9 
6 
6 

9 
3 
3 
6 
6 



in July, 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 



1776 
1776 
1777 
1777 
1778 
1781 
1781 
1783 
1780 
1782 
1783 
1772 
1771 
1772 
1772 
1769 
1769 
1768 
1768 
1766 
1764 
1763 
1763 
1762 
1762 
1761 
1760 
1760 
1758 
1758 
1757 
1756 
1755 
1755 
1761 
1753 
1753 
1751 



Withington. — The undersigned is collecting material for a genealogy of the 
descendants of Elder Henry Withington, of Dorchester, Mass., 1635, and would be 
happy to correspond with any who can give him any information in regard to the 
early history and genealogy of such descendants. 

No. 33 Nassau St., New York City. Charles S. Withington. 



Starr. — I wish to know the date of the death of John Starr, who was born in 
Middletown, Ct., 1761, and died at Catskill, N. Y., somewhere between 1800 and 
1820; also of his wife Bathsheba (Cotton) Starr, who died in Newark, N. J., be- 
tween 1815 and 1830. Address, William H. Starr. 

14 South Canal St., Chicago, El. 



Lillington of Carolina. (Communicated by H. F. Waters, Esq., of Salem.) — 
" I, Alexander Lillington of Albemare County in the province of Carolina, planter, 
& now p r esent in Salem in new England, being the husband of Sara James the 
daughter of Thomas James, late of the s d Carolina deceased : but formerly of Salem 
in new England which s d Sara is the only surviving child and rightfull heire of ye 
s d Tho: James:" &c. &c. This deed was signed and sealed 3 d August, 1675. — 
Essex Co. Deeds, B. 4 P. 379. 



236 Notes and Queries. [April, 

Pell. — The following is copied from a manuscript found among the papers of my 
late grandfather, the Hon. Cyrus King (obt. 1817), who for twenty years practised 
law at Saco, Me. I forward it to you, hoping that it may be of value to some of 
your readers ; at the same time desiring to record my thanks for various similar 
" scraps " recorded in your valuable Register. 

" The Genealogy of John Pell, now living & residing in the town of York, Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts. 

" Edward Pell and Elizabeth his wife were born in Great Britain, at the West of 
England, and married together in the year 1684 ; and afterwards came to Boston 
New England, and had possessions, and settled there, and died in the year 1700. 

" Capt. Edward Pell, son of Edward and Elizabeth Pell, was born in Boston, New 
England, in the year 1687, whose occupation was a painter, and died at Boston in 
the year 1736. 

" Rev d Mr. Edward Pell (only surviving son of Capt. Edward Pell) son to Edward, 
and Sarah Pell, his wife, was born in Boston, New England, in the year 1711, and 
died at Harwich, in the County of Barnstable in the year 1752. 

" Edward Pell, son to the Rev d Mr. Edward Pell and Jerusha his wife, was born 
at York in the Province of Maine, in the year 1739 and died in the year 1792. 

" John Pell son to the Rev d Mr. Edward Pell and Jerusha his wife, was born at 
Rochester in the County of Plymouth in the year 1744, now living. The only sur- 
viving son of the Rev d Mr. Edward Pell deceased. 

" York Ms., May 3, 1809. Err's excepted per me John Pell." 

The original date is erased, but was, so far as I can make out, " April, 1805." 
From endorsements, the document was probably prepared for the purpose of ex- 
amining the title of the then possessors of land in Boston which had belonged to 
" Capt. Edward Pell." 

Boston, Mass. J. L. Hale. 

Capt. James Parker, of Groton. — It will be an assistance to the descendants of 
Capt. Parker to fill the blank in their genealogy with the surname of his second 
wife, not given in any printed account. After the death of his first wife, Elizabeth 
Long, who long continued with him till about the golden period of wedded life, he 
married Eunice Carter, formerly Brooks, the widow of Samuel Carter, son of Rev. 
Thomas Carter, of Woburn. This fact is developed by a clause in the will of Sarah 
Mousal, her relative, widow of John Mousal, Jr., in 1702. Soon after this date, 
Capt. Parker having died in 1701, she became the third wife of John Kendall and 
was surviving him in 1706. Revisions may be made in the Register xvii. 51. 
Shattuck Genealogy 375. Savage I. 260, 341 ; II. 9, 250. Groton History 421. On 
this last page, it may be well to note in the margin that Elizabeth, 1st ch. of James 

Parker, married Gary. Joshua 8th married Abigail (Shattuck) Morse, widow 

of Jonathan Morse. Joseph Parker of the next group was son of Joseph of Chelms- 
ford, m. Nov. 19, 1684, 2d w. pr. Shattuck Hannah Blood, who m. second Robert 
Blood, whose first wife was Elizabeth Willard. Hannah survived till 1716. Adm. 
on her estate to Thomas Estabrooks and Hannah Chandler. Revise Robert Blood 
on Shattuck 369. Jeremiah Shattuck m. Sarah Parker, b. 1705, dau. of Nathaniel, 
not Sarah dau. of Capt. James by Eunice, b. 1697. 

Charkstown, Mass. Thomas B. Wyman. 

Boston Schools, 1713-15. {Communicated by J. S. H. Fogg, M.D., of Boston.) — 

Boston 8—15—1713. To the Selectmen 

Gent*men 

These are to certifie you, that I find keeping of the free school grows too hard 
for me, — and therefore am determined to hold it no longer than this year, which 
ends in the beginning of the next Aprill, and is the 30th year of my keeping school. 
So remain Yo r humble Servant 

John Cole. 



Roland Young, of Kittery, names sons— Joseph, Beniah, Jonathan, Matthew; 
and daughters— Mary, Susanna, Elizabeth, Sarah and Mercy. His wife was 
Elizabeth. Was not the above Matthew the same person as Matthias Young of 
York, York Co., Maine, whose daughter Susanna married to Ichabod Austin? 

Harrison, Me. G. T. Ridlon. 



1876.] Notes and Queries, 237 

The Old Elm on Boston Common. — During a severe gale on the evening of the 16th 
of February, 1876, the ancient elm tree on the common was broken off near the ground 
and laid prostrate. On Bonner's Map of 1722 it has the appearance of a full-grown 
tree. In 1792 it was spoken of as " an ancient tree." In 1831 it was badly damaged 
during a severe storm, and shorn of some of its limbs, and again in 1860, and 1869, 
several limbs were broken off, one measuring three and a half feet in circumference. 

The city engineer, Mr. Chesbrough, measured it in 1854-5, and gave it the fol- 
lowing dimensions : " Height 72^ feet ; height of first branch from the ground, 16i 
feet ; girth, one foot above the ground, 22^ feet ; four feet above the ground, 17 feet ; 
average diameter of greatest extent of branches, 101 feet." 

In a history of this tree by Dr. John Collins Warren, then president of the Boston 
Society of Natural History, published in 1855, he says, "As it was certainly the 
Great Tree in 1729 and 1722, we may indulge the belief that it sprang up previous 
to the settlement of Boston ; that it cast its protecting shade over the heads of our 
earliest American ancestors ; and that even the native inhabitant of the soil enjoyed 
the protection of its wide-spreading branches." 

The whole population of the city and its vicinity were sensibly affected by the 
fall of this venerable tree. It had grown into the affections of old and young. From 
the moment it fell, for several days, from morn till night, until every vestige of it 
was removed, a constant current of people might be seen winding their way 
to the spot where it lay, to look upon it for the last time. We presume that a thou- 
sand persons could have been counted at any hour of the day standing about it. 

A section of one of the branches of this tree, 4 inches thick and measuring 22 
inches in diameter, was presented to the New- England Historic, Genealogical 
Society, March 13, 1876, by the Hon. Samuel C. Cobb, mayor of Boston, and John 
T. Clark, Esq., alderman, both members of the society. 



Fire in Boston, 1762. — {Communicated by J. S. H. Fogg, M.D., of Boston.) 

To the Honorable his Majestys Justices of the Peace, and the Gentlemen the Select" 
men of the Town of Boston : 
William Price of Boston Humbly Shews That in the morning of the 11th of June 
last, a Fire broke out in William's Court so called which burnt all the Houses in 
said Court, and it was then apprehended from the Violence of the Flames in said 
Court, that the Dwelling houses and Buildings adjoyning & near to Cornhill, were 
in great danger of taking Fire & being consumed : — In order to prevent so threatning 
a Desolation, & for the stopping & preventing the further spreading of the same Fire, 
The Hon ble Judge Hutchinson, Colonel Joseph Jackson & Capt: Thomas Marshall 
gave directions for the pulling down a House or Building belonging to your Peti- 
tioner of 47 feet in length & 16 feet in width & two storys high, of the Value of 
about one hundred Pounds lawful money, — That the said Fire did stop before it 
came to the same House or Building : and as Provision is made by an Act of this 
Province now in force intitled, An Act for Building with Stone or Brick in the Town 
of Boston and preventing Fire ; That every owner of such House or Houses pulled 
down as aforesaid shall receive reasonable satisfaction and be paid for the same by 
the rest of the Inhabitants whose Houses shall not be Burnt to be raised & Levyed as 
in said Act is directed. 

Your Petitioner humbly Prays that Your Honors would be pleased to order him 
reasonable satisfaction & that he may be paid for said House or Building 
pulled down as aforesaid or otherwise Relieve him herein as in Your goodness 
shall seem meet — And as in Duty Bound will Ever Pray &c. 
Boston, Nov. 1762. William Price. 



Russell and Rose. — Mr. John Russell is said, in Newell's " Church Gathering 
of Cambridge," to have been " a prominent citizen" there "in 1634 — was Town 
Clerk in 1645 — Constable in 1648 — removed soon after to Wethersfield, Conn." Can 
any one give information as to his place of birth or residence in England ? 

" Robert Rose embarked at Ipswich, co. Suffolk, England, April, 1634, in the ship 
Francis, John Cutting, Master. Information is earnestly desired as to his place of 
birth and residence in England ? m. r. 

North Branford, Conn. 

VOL. XXX. 20 



238 Notes and Queries, [April, 

Commodore Preble's History of the American Flag. — The author of this valua- 
ble book, noticed iu the Register, xxvii. 106, has in preparation a second edition, 
which will be an extension and improvement of the first. He will be glad to receive 
from any source incidents, corrections or suggestions that will render his work more 
perfect. Such communications may be addressed to him at 18 Somerset street, 
Boston. 

In Potter's American Monthly for February, 1876, we find an article by Com- 
modore Preble in relation to a plagiarism from his book, from which we make an 
extract : — 

'' In Appleton's Journal, No. 354, Jan. 1, 1876, there is an article entitled, ' Cen- 
tennial Sketches, I. — Our National Flag? signed and purporting to be written by 
C. H. Woodman, which is entirely derived, and in part copied verbatim from my 
History of our Flag (a copyright book published in 1872), as any one having the 
book, and comparing it with the article can see. It is annoying to have the labors 
and researches of over twenty-four years, collected and published at a pecuniary sacri- 
fice, thus appropriated by a magazine writer without a word of acknowledgment of 
the source of his information. 

" Several of the anecdotes given in the article referred to, viz., Washington's 
Christening Robe, The Flag of Fort Schuyler, The Standard of the 1st City Troop, 
The Flag by Copley, The Chinese name for the Flag, Our Flag in the French 
Convention, &c. &c, were never connected in the history of our flag until I grouped 
them in it, giving credit to my sources of information." 



Sale of the Private Library of the late Samuel G. Drake, the Historian. — 
It having been decided to offer this library at public sale, a catalogue has been pre- 
pared and printed. The catalogue is issued in two parts, and embraces nearly 10,500 
titles — representing 15,000 bound volumes and 30,000 pamphlets. The sale of the 
First Part will commence on Tuesday, May 2d, and of the Second Part on Tuesday, 
June 6th, unless some institution or individual purchases, which we hope may be 
the case, the entire library. The expected sale is exciting a general interest through- 
out the country. 

The library is generally too well known among collectors to need especial com- 
ment. It is the fruit of many years of exhaustive search in the United States and 
in Europe for whatever relates to American History, Biography, Poetry, Theology 
or Education. It is especially rich in Indian Annals, in the chronicles of early voy- 
ages to Aonerica, and in the printed accounts of travels within the American conti- 
nent ; in books and tracts bearing early American imprints ; in Magazine and 
Newspaper Literature; and in rare and valuable MSS., Portraits and Maps. A 
fuller description will be found in the introductory pages of the catalogue. 

Both catalogues will be mailed, by Samuel Adams Drake, Adm'r, 17. Bromfield 
Street, Boston, on receipt of one dollar. 



The Noble Family. — The Hon. Lucius M. Boltwood, of Hartford, Conn., has 
nearly ready a history and genealogy of this family, which will be put to press as 
soon as a sufficient number of subscribers can be obtained to defray the expense of 
printing. The proposed volume will make from 400 to 500 octavo pages, and will 
be printed on good paper and bound in cloth, and will be sent by mail, postage paid, 
for $5 a copy. It will contain more than five thousand descendants of Thomas 
Noble, an early settler of Springfield and Westfield, Mass., and as full records 
of other families of the name in the United States as the compiler could obtain. 



Autograph Letters and Portrait of Washington. — On the evening of the 22d 
of February, the anniversary of the birth of Washington, the Old Settlers of Hen- 
nepin County, Minn., held their annual meeting at Minneapolis. The Rev. Edward 
D. Neill, president of Macalester College, gave an interesting " talk " on the above 
subject, which is reported in the St. Paul Pioneer Press of February 23. The por- 
trait which he spoke about was painted from a silhouette by Fohvell, and was shown 
to his auditors by the Rev. Mr. Neill. 

Watson. — Can any of your readers inform me where Jonathan Watson came from 
who was in Dover, N. H. , in 1675 ? Who was his father, and who were his children ? 
Institute and Public Library, Portland, Me. S. M. Watson. 



1876.] Notes and Queries. 239 

Bill contracted in 1686 by President Dudley's Government of New-England. 
— (From the Jeffries Manuscripts, communicated by Walter L. Jeffries.) 

His Excellency y e Governor & the Honour' 
Councill are Drs: 

To Arrears due from y e Late Pr st & Councill vizt. 

To y e cutting of ye Seale of y e Pr st & Councill 15 00 

To y e cutting of y e Kings Arms 15 00 

To an order for a Thanksgiving Dec 1686 12 06 

To an order for y e Price of Grain 10 00 

To an order for y e Rates of peny p' pound 12 06 



Errors Excepted | p r R d Pierce 
Decemb r | 2 d 1687 | Received y e full Contents | of this Acctt 



3 05 00 



p' R d Pierce. 



Indorsed, " pierce £3. 5. — 

[Richard Pierce was a printer in Boston. Thomas (History of Printing, vol. i. 
1st ed. p. 282 ; 2d ed. p. 89) suggests that he may have been from London where 
there was a printer of that name in 1679 ; and states that he was probably the fifth 
person who carried on the printing business in Boston. He married, Aug. 27, 1680, 
Sarah, dau. of the Rev. Seaborn Cotton, and continued in business in Boston as late 
as 1695. See Dunton's " Letters from New-England," p. 76. He printed, Sept. 25, 
1690, for Benjamin Harris, " Perfect Occurrences both Foreign and Domestick," 
the first newspaper printed in New-England. Only one number was issued, which 
is reprinted entire in the " Historical Magazine," 1st series, vol. i. p. 238. — Ed.] 



Axtell — Pratt (ante, p. 111). — William, 3 son of Thomas 2 Pratt, of Weymouth, 
who was " slayne by the Indians " April 19, 1676, was born in 1659. He married 
Elizabeth Baker, of Dorchester, Oct. 26, 1680, by whom he had but one child, as far as 
I can find, Thankful, born 1683. In a Diary written by him, lately found, and now in 
possession of his descendant, Hon. J. E. Crane, of Bridgewater, he states that " in 
1690 he moved to Dorchester, in 1695 he went with the Dorchester Colony to Ashley 
river in South Carolina (to promote religion on the southern plantations), where he 
arrived Dec. 20th, "and he and Increase Sumner were kindly entertained by Lndy 
Axtell ; in 1697 he was ordained a Ruling Elder of the Church of Christ," and " May 
12, 1702, my daughter Thankful was married to Daniel Axtell." He soon after re- 
turned to Weymouth, and from thence, in 1705, removed to Bridgewater, and soon 
again removed to Easton. I believe he was a Presbyterian in his form of religion. 
He died in 1713, and was buried in the old burying-ground in Easton, the inscription 
on his grave-stone being as follows : " here-lise-the-body-of-elder-william-pratt 

-AGED-54-1N-THE-YEA-1713 — IANVARY-THE-13." 

Daniel Axtell, probably the son of " Lady Axtell," came with his father-in-law or 
about the same time he returned, and settled in that part of Bridgewater which after- 
ward became Abington. He bought one half of the Briggs grant, which was given 
to the children of Clement Briggs, " old comer," by Plymouth Colony in 1664. In 
1712, Jan. 30, he sold his farm in Abington to Samuel 3 Porter (ancestor of the wri- 
ter), from Weymouth, and removed to Taunton, that part which afterward became 
Dighton or Berkeley. Joseph W. Porter. 

Burlington, Me. 

Cook. — Information wanted respecting the ancestry of Sarah Cook, of Boston » 
who was published Jan. 20, 1728, to Robert Haskins, of Boston? And also of Israel- 
Cook,, of Boston, who married, Jan. 11, 1745, Mrs. Hannah Upham, of Maiden? 
Israel Cook is said to have been born Oct. 29, 1710. 

Hartford, Conn. Lucius M. Boltwood. 



Flower. — According to Savage, Lamrock Flower was living at Hartford in 1686, 
and died in 1716. leaving eight children : Lydia, b. 1687, Lamrock 1689, Elizabeth 
1693, John 1695, Mary 1697, Francis 1700, Ann 1703, Joseph 1706. I wish to 
know the history of all of these except the last named, and especially the names of 
the parents and wife of the first mentioned Lamrock. 

West Springfield, Mass. L. H. Bagg. 



240 JSTotes and Queries. [April, 

A Remarkable Church Choir — Fifty-five Years of Harmony. — It is well known 
that churches in the country towns depend for their music on volunteer choirs. 
The Congregational Church of Atkinson, N. H., affords a remarkable instance of 
such service on the part of one family by the name of Noyes. It consisted of ten 
children, six sons and four daughters, all of whom were at different times members 
of the choir. In 1870, the four sisters and one brother — Mrs. Jane Noyes Gilbert,* 
Mrs. Tamar Noyes Bartlett,f Mrs. Eliza VV. Noyes,* Mrs. Mary Noyes,f Mr. Albert 
Noyes* — who had continued to reside in the town, had sung in the choir together 
for 45 years, and the oldest sister for 55 years. The husband of the oldest sister, 
Dea. Franklin Gilbert, has also been a member of the choir for 55 years, and for 25 
years acted as leader. All this service was of excellent quality, and gratuitous. 

An organ was purchased a few years ago by subscription, for the church, which 
has always been played without pay by one of the society. 

Boston, Mass. W. C. Todd. 



Root.— Joshua Root, of Westfield (23 Nov. 1682—28 Sept. 1730), was one of 
the original proprietors of Lower llousatonic (the present Sheffield and Great Bar- 
rington), probably settled in the latter place about 1725-6, and is the first white 
person known to be buried there. By his wife, Margaret , he had nine chil- 
dren (1713-1728), who are numbered 2852-2860 in the Root Genealogy. 1 wish to 
know the family name of his wife, her parents' names, and the dates of her birth, 
marriage and death. 

West Spring field, Mass. L. H. Bagg. 



Mrs. Goss, the Centenarian. — Among the Notes and Queries of the Register for 
January, I notice an article on Centenarianisin, which refers to the age of Mrs. 
Anar Goss, who died at Amherst, N. H., March 19, 1875, aged 105 years, 1 month, 
18 days. 

From an abstract of the town records of the town of Lunenburg, made while I was 
clerk of that town, I find the following, confirmatory of the statement of Mr. Bacon, 

hich, if of any value, is at your service. 

Stephen Bathrick and Jemima Dodge were married at Lunenburg, Aug. 17, 1769. 
Their children were : Anar, born Feb. 1, 1770 ; Stephen, b. Aug. 30, 1771 ; Daniel, 
b. June 3, 1773 ; Sally, b. July 27, 1775. 

Lawrence, Mass. John R. Rollins. 



"Bason of Alchimy." — These words occur in the attesting clause of Thomas 
Cammock's deed of Black Point Patent to Henry Jocelyn (Coll. Maine His. Soc, iii. 
230) . Are they the title of a book ? If not, to what do they refer ? 

A. H. Hoyt. 



Records of Falmouth, Me. — The records of this town, previous to 1690, were cap- 
tured by the Indians, or deposited and never returned. Can any one inform me 
relative to them ? S. P. Mayberry. 

Cape Elizabeth, Me. 



Edward "Wigglesworth. (Communicated by J. S. H. Fogg, M.D., of Boston.) 

Boston Jan: 7. 1714-15. 

Gentlemen : 

This may certifye you that Mr: Edward Wiglesworth has continued to assist 
me in keeping the Gramar School another quarter, even to this day. 

Y r humble Servt: 
Nath 1 Williams. 
To the Selectmen for the Town of Boston. 

* Deceased. f Reside in Atkinson. 



1876.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, 241 



NECROLOGY OF THE NEW-ENGLAND HISTORIC, 
GENEALOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Prepared by the Rev. Samuel Cutler, Historiographer of the Society. 

The Hon. William Prescott, M.D., a corresponding member, was born in San- 
bornton, N. H., Dec. 29, 1788, and died at his home in Concord, N. H., Oct. 18, 
1875, aged four-score and six years, nine months, twenty days. He was a de- 
scendant, in the sixth generation, of James Prescott, an emigrant from England, 
who settled in Hampton, N. H., in 1665. 

Dr. Prescott has so fully and ably made known the leading events of his life, and 
his family connections, in the " Prescott Memorial," a voluminous work of between 
six and seven hundred octavo pages ; and to which he devoted some thirty years in 
collecting, arranging materials, writing and publishing, that it does not seem neces- 
sary, in this sketch, to do more than refer to this monument of his persevering in- 
dustry, his scholarly attainments, his professional success, his diversity of talent, his 
manly and Christian virtues. 

Referring, therefore, to this " Memorial " for an account of his interest in, and 
connection with numerous educational, medical, historical, scientific, and repre- 
sentative bodies, we would simply point to him as one of those self-made men, the 
architects — under God — of their own characters and fortunes, who, with high aspir- 
ings, determine to do, what, under seemingly adverse and discouraging circum- 
stances, they think can be done. 

The parents of Dr. Prescott were respectable, but poor. At the age of sixteen he 
was indentured to serve the residue of his minority with a farmer. Up to this time 
no attention had been paid to his education. During his five years of apprenticeship 
he was allowed two months each winter to attend the district school. The few books 
he used were purchased by the proceeds of chestnuts, gathered by him during hours 
usually devoted to rest. Thus he struggled on during his five years. Arrived at 
his majority, he placed himself under the instruction of a clergyman in a neighbor- 
ing town, who, in a short time, gave him a certificate authorizing him to instruct 
in a common school. Under another clergyman he studied mathematics, including 
the theory of navigation and land surveying ; and this was all the assistance he ever 
received, until in 1811, he commenced the study of his profession with Dr. George 
Kittredge of Epping. He graduated at the Dartmouth Medical School in 1815, 
and commenced the practice of his profession at Gilmanton, where he remained 
eighteen years. In December, 1832, he removed to Lynn, Mass., where he soon found 
ample employment for his professional services. In September, 1845, he removed 
from Lynn to Concord, N. H., where in 1852-53 he relinquished active professional 
labor for the purpose of devoting himself to those literary, scientific, genealogical and 
antiquarian studies, for which he had a marked talent and a decided taste. 

While at Gilmanton, he represented that town in the New-Hampshire Legislature 
in 1825, 1826, 1830 and 1831, when he declined being any longer a candidate. In 
1827 he was elected a senator by the sixth district. 

In religion and politics, Dr. Prescott ever cherished a greater regard to principle 
than to denomination or party. In the former, though for a long life connected 
with the Methodist denomination, he discarded sectarian bigotry, and thought it the 
duty of every man to follow his conscientious convictions. In politics he was a re- 
publican, and in every war, foreign and domestic, firmly decided for his country. 
In social life he was a gentleman of the old school, and possessed that modesty which 
characterizes scientists of genius. His daily walk was the embodiment of Christian 
and manly virtues. And so, when the great change came, he met it with peace and 
serenity. His long life had been one of distinguished usefulness to his fellow-men 
and to the world, 

He married, June 22, 1819, Cynthia Parish, who died Dec. 20, 1856, aged 62 
years, 3 months, 10 days, by whom he had four children, of whom two lived to 
maturity, namely : William C, of New- York, and Laura M. the first wife of Amos 
Hadley, Esq., of Concord, N. H. 

He was admitted a member Sept. 17, 1847. 
vol. xxx. 20* 



242 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, [April, 

Francis Dane, Esq., of Boston, a life-member and benefactor, was born in Ham- 
ilton, Mass., Aug. 6, 1819 ; died in Hamilton, July 30, 1875, aged 55. 

The subject of this sketch was the son of John and Fanny (Quarles) Dane. His 
father was born Jan. 12, 1782 ; died June 16, 1829, leaving a family of eleven child- 
ren — six boys and five girls. His estate, which was a farm less than a hundred 
acres, when divided gave to each of the children four hundred and twenty-nine 
dollars. Mrs. Dane, by her executive ability and prudential management of the 
property, brought up her large family. 1 

At the time of his father's death, Francis was between nine and ten years old. 
He worked for one or two seasons on a farm ; he tried the trade of a mason, but 
he did not find in these pursuits the proper opening for his abilities. It was in the 
year 1834, when about fifteen years old, he began his career as a manufacturer of 
shoes, on the small capital of twenty dollars which his mother gave him. His first 
effort was successful, and encouraged by his mother he went on in the business. 

In the spring of 1840 he removed to South Danvers, the facilities for the shoe 
business being better there than at Hamilton. By his sterling business qualities he 
established a reputation as a successful manufacturer. In 1857 he began business 
on Kilby Street, Boston, and in 1860 became a resident. 

On his removal to Boston his resources were so ample he was able greatly to extend 
his business, and, by his wise management, his means increased rapidly. Those who 
knew him well bear testimony, "that as a merchant he was energetic, prompt, 
honorable, sagacious, persistent, successful ; that as a financier he was almost un- 
equalled." 

Intellectually Mr. Dane was endowed with qualities which gave promise of suc- 
cess. To a retentive memory was joined great clearness of perception, prompt de- 
cision, and energetic action. He began business in a small way and with good 
habits. He adapted himself to his necessities, not entering upon risks he could not 
measure, or obligations he could not meet. He was a man of great integrity. " He 
always," said one, " met all his obligations ; his word was as good as his bond, and 
could always be relied upon." He was generous in his charities, answering readily to 
the calls made upon him as a merchant; in the parish to which he belonged in Bos- 
ton ; the church in Hamilton ; and to those in his large circle of kindred who need- 
ed aid. 

Oct. 10, 1842, Mr. Dane married Miss Zerviah Brown, of Hamilton, born Feb. 1, 
1819, who survives him. 

He was admitted a member of this Society, Dec. 31, 1873. 

David Snow, Esq., of Boston, a life-member and benefactor, was born in Orleans, 
Mass., Nov. 30, 1799 ; died in Boston, Jan. 12, 1876, aged 76. 

Mr. Snow was the descendant in direct line from Nicholas Snow, who came from 
England in 1623, and settled in Nausitt, now Eastham, Mass., in 1644. His father 
was David Snow, born in Orleans, Oct. 1775. His mother's maiden name was Lutia 
Higgins, born in Orleans, 1774. From Nicholas Snow and Richard Higgins, who 
came in the same vessel from England and settled in Nausitt in 1644, have descended 
all who bear the names of Snow and Higgins, in Barnstable county. 

David Snow, the subject of our sketch, married Betsy Fish, of Barnstable, Jan. 1, 
1824. Their children are: 1, Sarah H., b. Sept. 30, 1824; 2, Elizabeth A., b. 
March 25, 1826 ; 3, David, b. Dec. 10, 1827 ; 4, Addie, b. Aug. 31, 1832 ; 5, Henry 
C, b. Jan. 20, 1835. Several other children died in infancy. 

In 1799, when Mr. Snow was only three weeks old, his father, who was a sailor, 
was lost at sea, leaving his widowed mother very poor. His education was neces- 
sarily very limited. He went to the public school in Orleans, and one quarter to 
the Sandwich Academy. Speaking of his early life he says : " I was thrown upon 
the world a fatherless boy, exposed to all its vices and dangers, but by assiduity, 
economy and perseverance, I escaped the maelstrom where so many are lost, and 
remain to this present time, June 12, 1870, to praise God from whom all blessings 
come." 

Having accumulated about six thousand dollars, the result of twelve years hard 
toil, he removed to Boston in 1833, and commenced the fish business on City Wharf. 
He was successful from the beginning. He afterwards formed a partnership with 

1 For the Genealogy of the Dane family, see Appendix by Perley Derby, Esq., of Salem, 
Mass., to a Sermon in Memory of Francis Dane, by the Rev. S. J. Spalding, D.D., Aug. 8, 
.1875, and the Register, ante viii. 148. 



1876.] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. 243 

the late Isaac Rich, and their firm became extensively known as very enterprising, 
fortunate, and progressively enlarging their means. Their business increased so 
rapidly they were induced to go into navigation, and built some very fine ships. 
They also owned a line of packets to New Orleans. After the opening of the war 
of the rebellion, Mr. Snow disposed of his shipping and turned his attention to real 
estate in Boston, of which, at the time of his death, he was a large owner. In 1855 
he was chosen a director in the Bank of North America. In I860 he was instru- 
mental in organizing the Bank of the Republic, of which he was elected President, 
and filled that position until his death. 

Mr. Snow was well known in the Methodist denomination, having been a promi- 
nent and active member for many years. 

He was admitted a member of this Society, June 11, 1870. 

Gen. John Steele Tyler, of Boston, a life member and benefactor, born in Guil- 
ford, Vt., Sept. 29, 1796 ; died in Boston, Jan. 20, 1876, aged 79 years. 

Gen. Tyler was among the oldest of the active citizens of Boston, where he has 
resided since, at the age of fourteen years, he entered upon his business life as a clerk 
in a dry goods store. His ancestors were identified with the early history of Boston. 
His paternal great-grandfather, William Tyler, b. 1687, d. 1758, whoso portrait, by 
Sinibert, was presented to this Society by Gen. Tyler, Nov. 4, 1874 (ante xxix. 119), 
was a prominent merchant ; and his grandfather, Royal Tyler, was a member of the 
Provincial Council in the days of Gov. Bernard, and was a firm supporter of Colo- 
nial rights. Judge Royal Tyler, the father of Gen. Tyler, was a gentleman of fine 
literary attainments. He was born in Boston in 1756, graduated at Harvard Coll. 
in 1776, and died in Brattleboro', Vt., in 1826. In 1794, he married Mary Hunt 
Palmer, a granddaughter of Gen. Joseph Palmer of Revolutionary fame, and daugh- 
ter of Joseph P. Palmer. She died July 8, 1866, at the advanced age of ninety-one 
years . 

Gen. John S. Tyler, when about fifteen years old, entered the counting-room of 
Abiel Winship, who was engaged in the North West Coast trade; and to his daughter, 
Mary Wheeler, he was married in 1820. She died in October, 1871, leaving but one 
daughter, Mrs. Lucinda Baldwin Cutter, wife of George Henry Cutter, the faithful 
companion and support of her father, who survives him. After Mr. Winship's 
death, Gen. Tyler was clerk with Col. Amos Binney, and later was associated with 
his son, Amos Binney, Jr., under the firm of Tyler & Binney, on Long Wharf. In 
1829, Gen. Tyler engaged in the adjustment of averages of losses by Insurance 
Companies, which he has since successfully continued. 

Gen. Tyler has for two generations been prominently known from his connection 
with public bodies. He began his military life as a member of the Boston Light 
Infantry, in 1816. Through many subordinate offices he attained the rank of Major- 
General of M. V. M. For four years he was commander of the Ancient and Honor- 
able Artillery Company, and the senior member at his death. He was for many 
years identified with the institution of Masonry. He was an active member of the 
DeMolay Encampment of Knights Templar. He held many civil offices, was a mem- 
ber of the Constitutional Convention in 1853 : of the Common Council 1859-60-62 ; 
Alderman 1863-65-66 ; Trustee of the Public Library two years ; member of the 
Legislature four years. His knowledge of military tactics, and his executive ability, 
often led to his selection as marshal of civic and other processions, and to preside on 
public occasions. Inheriting from his father, and his uncle Col. John S. Tyler, a 
love for the drama, he was at one time associated as amateur manager of the Tre- 
mont Theatre, and, for several years, a director of the Boston Theatre. In politics 
he was an old Whig, but, early in its history, identified himself with the Republican 
party. 

He was admitted a member of this Society, May 7, 1858. 

The Rev. William Tyler, A.M., a corresponding member, was the son of Ebenezer 
and Mary (French) Tyler, and was born at Attleboro', Jan. 7, 1789, and died at 
Auburndale, Mass., Sept. 27, 1875, aged 86 years. 

He was descended in the sixth generation from Job 1 Tyler and wife Mary, of An- 
dover, probably from England, through Samuel? b. Andover, May 24, 1655, wife 
Hannah ; Ebenezer? b. Mendon, April 28, 1685, m. Catherine Bray ; John? b. At- 
tleboro', Jan. 18, 1724, m. Anna Blackinton ; and Ebenezer? his father, b. Attle- 
boro', Sept. 8, 1760, m. 1. Mary French ; m. 2. Rachel (Dean) Fobes, Sept. 5, 1805. 

Mr. Tyler was a graduate of Brown University, in the class of 1809. After sev- 



244 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, [April, 

eral years spent in business with his father, who was largely engaged in the manu- 
facture of cotton goods, in Pawtucket (then in Mass., now in) R. 1., he determined 
to give himself to the work of the ministry. He was a pupil of the Rev. Dr. Na- 
thaniel Emmons, and learned to imitate him in fearless utterance, and epigrammatic 
style. He was licensed to preach in 1818 ; was settled as colleague of Rev. Simeon 
Williams, over the Congregational Church in South Weymouth, Mass., where he 
remained as sole pastor about thirteen years. 

At a meeting of the Norfolk Conference of Congregational Churches, at South 
Weymouth, since his decease, resolutions of sorrow at the tidings of his death, and 
of respect ^for his memory, as one of the founders of the Conference, " an able and 
devoted minister of Christ, one of the first and most active laborers in the cause of 
temperance, and in all moral reforms, one whose teachings and influence were blessed 
to the edification of our churches," were passed. 

In August, 1832, Mr. Tyler was installed as pastor of the Congregational Church, 
in South Hadley Falls. Here he remained for seven years. In 1839, he removed to 
Amherst. He ministered to the churches in this region, for some time, under a 
commission from the Massachusetts Home Missionary Society. He was instrumental 
in the erection of a new church edifice in Pelham, and in the establishment of a 
Congregational Church in New Salem. 

In 1847, he removed from Amherst to Northampton, where he became proprietor 
and editor of the Northampton Courier, which position he held about two years. 
His sympathies and efforts were for the Free Soil party. In 1852, he removed to 
Pawtucket, Mass., which town he represented in the Massachusetts Constitutional 
Convention of 1853. 

In the fall of 1863, Mr. Tyler removed to Auburndale, " adding," says his pastor, 
" to the fruits of his active ministry, the honors of a good parishioner." " Reading 
and observation, and thought, had made him well versed in history, in politics, and 
in poetry ; and he made good use of his resources to enforce and adorn his speech." 
He was an earnest friend of education, using freely his influence and his means for 
its promotion. He was much interested in the Mt. Holyoke Seminary, was one of 
its first trustees, and a valued friend and adviser of its honored founder. He was a 
good man, a man of faith and of prayer. He was social and hospitable, of a progres- 
sive, hopeful spirit, zealous in reformatory movements, not afraid of new things, and 
when the last ciiange came to him he was not afraid of that. He had long before 
left all to Christ, and declared it " sweet to lie passive in his hands, and know no 
will but his." 

The Rev. William Tyler m. 1st Betsy Balcom, July 1 , 1813; 2d, Nancy W. Newell, 
Nov. 29, 1825. By his first wife he had : 1, William Ebenezer,h. April 20, 1822. By 
his second wife : 2, Elizabeth Balcom,, b. Sept. 8, 1826 ; 3, Annie Newell, b. Feb. 1, 
1828; 4, Henry Erastus, b. Nov. 29, 1829; 5, Evarts Cornelius, b. Feb. 10, 1832 ; 
6, Edmund Whiting, b. May 28, 1834 ; 7, John Augustus, b. April 21, 1837, d. Sept. 
22, 1837 ; 8, Arthur Frederic, b. Nov. 3, 1838, d. Sept. 15, 1846; 9, Francis Mau- 
rice, b. May 27, 1845. 

He was admitted a member, July 4, 1845. 

James Madison Beebe, Esq., a life member and benefactor, was born in Pittsfield, 
Mass., March 18, 1809, and died at his residence, Beacon Street, Boston, Nov. 9, 
1875, aged 66. 

Mr. Beebe was the son of Levi and Sarah (Pierson) Beebe, of Pittsfield, Mass. His 
father was a farmer. His early education was in the schools of his native town, and 
the Academy at Stockbridge, of which the Rev. Jared Curtis was, during his pupil- 
age, the Preceptor. At the age of 16, in the year 1825, he came to Boston to seek 
employment. On reaching the city he began, where many of our most successful 
merchants begin, as the younger clerk, or boy, in a dry goods store. After about 
three years of faithful service, in which he manifested great energy of character, and 
adaptation to the business, he was entrusted with the entire management of a branch 
of the store. In 1830, and on his twenty-first birth-day, he opened a retail store on 
Hanover Street. Soon after he formed a business connection with Mr. John Hath- 
away — his former employer — which continued five years. The firm was known as 
J. M. Beebe & Co. 

From 1835 to 1850 Mr. Beebe had united with him several partners, the steady, 
but large increase in his business demanding the oversight of many minds, though 
his, as afterward in his more extended engagements, was the leading mind. 



1876,] Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society. % 245 

In 1850 the store in Hanover Street, where during 20 years Mr. Beebe had built 
up a very large business, being inadequate to the wants of the firm, a removal was 
made into the granite store on Kilby Street, built by Mr. Charles Codman, it being 
at that time unequalled in size by any in the city. 

After occupying the store on Kilby Street some ten years, the business was removed 
to Franklin Street ; and in 1861 there was another removal to the magnificent ware- 
house erected by Mr. Beebe, on Winthrop Square, where the firm continued until 
1866 when he retired from active business, with a large fortune, and the firm was 
dissolved. 

For many years Mr. Beebe was a director on the Boston & Albany Railroad, 
which position he filled in the most efficient and satisfactory manner. He was also 
for a long period a director in the Webster Bank ; and, in 1853, a member of the 
State Convention to revise the Constitution of Massachusetts. 

In early life he wisely married Miss Esther Brown, of Pittsfield, Mass., by whom 
he had four sons and three daughters. She, with three sons and three daughters, 
survives him. 

In contemplating the successful business career of Mr. Beebe, we find personal 
qualities which well fitted him for his chosen occupation. Under a kind Providence, 
his success, as a merchant, was the result of a combination of characteristics, physi- 
cal, mental, and moral. In his boyhood, and as a young man, we have reason to 
believe that principles were formed which contributed to his success. In the morning 
the seed was sown ; a most important guide to be followed by those entering upon 
the activities of life. Persevering industry, prudence in entering upon, and faith- 
fulness in fulfilling his engagements, patience and promptness in dealing with his 
customers, were among the characteristics of Mr. Beebe. These, supplemented by 
good health, and regular habits; a sound mind in a vigorous body; enabled him to 
do an amount of work accomplished by comparatively few of his compeers. 

Of the early cotemporaries of Mr. Beebe but few remain. The familiar names — 
the Lawrences and Hows, the Almys, Blakes, Clarkes, Fosters, Edwards, Stoddard, 
and others, — who thirty or forty years ago were so well known in the domestic and 
foreign dry goods trade of Boston, have, with but here or there an exception, 
passed from the now enlarged business of the city, which since that period has 
increased its population from between sixty and seventy thousand inhabitants, to its 
present three hundred and forty-two thousand. May we not recall their business 
probity as an incentive to their successors to maintain the high standard of Boston 
merchants, as among the honorable of the land? 
He was admitted to the Society, Aug. 18, 1863. 

Prepared by the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., late Historiographer. 

Solomon Robinson Spaulding, Esq., a life member and benefactor, born May 31 » 
1805, at Putney, Vt., died Aug. 31, 1874, at Saratoga Springs, N. Y., aged 69. He 
was the son of Beniah 5 (Joseph, 4 Joseph, 3 Joseph, 2 Edward 1 ), born July 5, 1766, 
died Sept. 16, 1832, and Hannah Robinson, born Aug. 9, 1770, died Nov. 29, 1850. 
His early education was limited, owing to pecuniary embarrassments of his father, 
who had intended to give him a collegiate education. When sixteen he conceived 
the idea of seeking his fortune in Boston, and gaining his parents' consent, although 
it seemed to them extreme folly, he started for Boston with twelve dollarsand a half 
in his purse. He obtained a situation, and soon won the confidence of his employ- 
ers by his fidelity and integrity. After three years he obtained a vacation to visit 
his home ; soon after his return he was thrown out of employment by the failure of 
his employer, and he obtained a situation as book-keeper and salesman with a firm 
in the hide and leather business. From this time the circumstances date which have 
so frequently given him the name of father of the hide and leather trade of Boston. 

In 1847, Mr. Spaulding went to Europe, and was the first in his trade to import 
hides, leather and skins to any large extent. The same year he obtained the charter 
of the Exchange Bank, now the National Exchange Bank of Boston, and has been 
a director in the institution since its organization. In 1853 he started a line of 
steamships between Boston, Norfolk and Baltimore, which proved a success. Prior 
to the Rebellion, the Company conferred the honor of naming one of its steamships 
the " S. R. Spaulding." This vessel was a transport and flag-ship doing signal 
service during the war, and her name became familiar along the coast. 

He was one of the vice-presidents of the Boston Board of Trade for several years. 

He married Ann Maria Kingsbury, May 23, 1833, and had four children : 1, Ed- 
ward, merchant, of Boston ; 2, Francis E., d. 1866; 3, Anna ; 4, Emma F. 

He was admitted into this Society, June 4, 1870. 



246 Necrology of Historic, Genealogical Society, [April, 

Prepared by the late Frederic "W. Sawyer, Esq., cf Boston. 

The Hon. Francis Bassett, of Boston, a member of the Suffolk bar and a life 
member of this Society, died at his winter residence in Boylston street, May 25, 1875. 
He was born in that part of Yarmouth, now Dennis, Sept. 9, 1786, and had reached 
the ripe age of eighty-eight years. He was descended from William Bassett, who 
came from England in 1621 in the ship Fortune, and who settled first in Plymouth, 
then removed to Duxbury, and finally settled in JBridgewater, where he left numerous 
descendants. Mr. Bassett was descended from the oldest son William, who settled 
in Sandwich, Mass. The subject of this notice was left an orphan at the tender age 
of three years, his father, William Bassett, who was born June 22, 1750, having 
died in September, 1789, and his mother, Betsey Howes, having died while he was 
yet an infant. 

His father and mother were both citizens of Yarmouth, now Dennis, and his uncle, 
Elisha Bassett, who took charge of him, educated him, and subsequently sent him to 
Harvard College, was also of Dennis, though he afterward removed to Ashland. 
The old family home of this branch of the Bassett family was still in the Bassett 
family at the decease of this honored descendant at his death. For a great number 
of years he had been in the habit of passing his summers at the old place. 

After leaving College he studied law with Timothy Bigelow, at his office in Boston, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1814. 

Mr. Bassett was a man of good presence, of a genial happy temperament, possessed 
of a well cultivated mind, and having the prestige of a Cape Cod name and origin 
soon drew around him a very respectable clientage. He was in the Massachusetts 
Legislature in 1818, 1819, and 1820, and again in 1824, 1828, and 1829. He had the 
satisfaction of serving his alma mater eleven years on the Board of Overseers of 
Harvard College. 

In 1830 he was appointed Clerk of the United States Circuit Court for the second 
Circuit, and of the United States District Court of Massachusetts, under Judges 
Story and Sprague. In 1845, having acquired a competence, he resigned and went 
to Europe. Since that time he has been a man of elegant leisure, fond of books, 
interested in history and genealogy. He took a commendable interest in the prepara- 
tion and publication of Mr. Freeman's History of Cape Cod. 

In 1858 he married Frances Cutter Langdon, daughter of Jacob Cutter of Ports- 
mouth, and widow of Woodbury Langdon, who survives him. Mr. Bassett was the 
cotemporary at the Boston bar of Mr. Webster, Judges Shaw, Wildes, Putnam and 
Hubbard, Story and Sprague, and of Harrison Gray Otis, Richard Fletcher, Benjamin 
Rand, and Henry H. Fuller. He took a lively interest in his early associates at the 
bar, and contributed an interesting article of reminiscences concerning some of them 
to the Register for October, 1871 {ante, xxv. 370-5). 

Mr. Bassett owned at his death the estate on which he was born, at Dennis, and 
which had been in the Bassett family about two hundred years. 

He was admitted to this Society, April 19, 1869. 

Prepared by Samuel H. Russell, Esq. 

George Williams Pratt, A.M., a resident member, who died at his residence in 
Louisburg square, on the 13th of January last, was born in Boston the 27th of May, 
1802. He was the son of William and Mary (Williams) Pratt, his father a native 
of Derby, England, having come to America in 1783, and married his wife from 
Salem. William Pratt engaged in business in Boston, under the style of Boott & 
Pratt, names permanently associated with the most valuable industrial enterprises 
in New-England. 

Our deceased friend and associate began life with every advantage of birth, edu- 
cation and fortune that could be desired in his day, to which was added the blessing 
of unimpaired health and vigor of body and mind through a long life. He graduat- 
ed from Harvard in the class of 1821, with Josiah Quincy and Ralph Waldo Emer- 
son. After leaving college he engaged in commerce, beginning with the unattrac- 
tive duties which were supposed to be necessary to a mercantile education. From 
that time, with the exception of a trip to Europe in 1825, including a visit to his 
uncle Samuel Williams, an eminent London banker, there were few days when his 
manly figure and pleasant smile were not to be seen on the Exchange. In later 
years, till retired from active business, he was a broker, having been one of the 
original founders of the Boston Stock Exchange, an institution for usefulness and 
fair dealing second to no other business association in the city. 



1876.] Societies and their Proceedings, 247 

Attentive, and interested in all matters that concerned the welfare of his native 
city, it was in developing his taste for the beautiful in art and nature that the char- 
acter of our deceased friend presented a most attractive side to public recognition. 
Always a devoted son, a tender and affectionate brother, of spotless purity in the 
domestic walks of life, peaceful, courteous, hospitable, kind, he found time and 
opportunity to illustrate and embellish its routine with what was useful, beautiful 
and enduring. He was one of the founders of Mount Auburn, which has been the 
model of all later American rural cemeteries. An earnest member of the Horticul- 
tural Society, which has recognized his industry and assiduity in horticulture, and 
especially his introduction of the Dahlia into New-England. He was also a member 
of the Natural History Society, and one of the founders of the Boston Numismatic 
Society. For many years he was a constant attendant and vestryman in the King's 
Chapel, where he devoted himself with untiring pains and attention to the cultiva- 
tion of church music, and the preservation and restoration of the antiquities of that 
venerable church. Mr. Pratt was one of the first to introduce and encourage the 
pleasing custom of decorating the altar and chancel with flowers and rare plants on 
church festivals, now so universally followed by all denominations that many may 
be surprised to hear of its recent origin. The gardens and hot-houses of " Oakley," 
his patrimonial estate in Watertown, were laid under contribution whenever they 
could adorn the church or gratify his friends. 

From these beneficent pursuits our friend was suddenly snatched by a disease 
which terminated his life after two months of suffering, which he bore with 
cheerful resignation. Mr. Pratt married, the 3rd of May, 1831, Mary White, daugh- 
ter of Joseph White, Jr., Esq., of Salem, who survives him. Of their four sons, 
two survive. The oldest son, George William Pratt, Jr., died in Florence, Italy, 
25th May, 1865, from exposure and hardship endured in the army of Italian Inde- 
pendence, under Garabaldi. A touching tribute to his worth and^services was print- 
ed in " La Nazione," of Florence. The second son, William, served in our own 
army, in the 24th Reg. of Mass. Vols., and was promoted to a staff appointment 
under Gen. Stevenson. A third son, Robert M., also survives him, while the fourth, 
Joseph, died in infancy. 

Mr. Pratt was admitted as a member, June 8, 1870. 



SOCIETIES AND THEIR PROCEEDINGS. 

New-England Historic, Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Wednesday, October 6, 1875. — A quarterly meeting was held at the 
Society's House, 18 Somerset street, this afternoon at three o'clock, the president, 
the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, in the chair. 

David G. Haskins, Jr., the recording secretary, read the record of the previous 
meeting, which was approved. 

The president announced the death, since the last meeting, of Hon. Increase A. 
Lapham of Milwaukee, Wis., an honorary vice-president of this society for that State, 
and appointed a committee, consisting of Cyrus Woodman of Cambridge, WilliamJB. 
Towne of Milford, N. H., and Rev. Samuel Cutler of Boston, to prepare resolutions 
to be reported to the next meeting. 

The resolutions of respect to the memory of the late Samuel G. Drake,* the histo- 
rian, an ex-president of the society, reported at the last meeting, were taken from 
the table. Remarks were made by Frederic Kidder, William B. Trask, John A. 
Lewis, Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., William Allen, Abraham 
I A. Dame, Hon. James D. Green, and the president, after which the resolutions were 
! adopted, as follows : 

Resolved, That in the sudden departure of the late Samuel Gardner Drake we mourn 

] the loss of one of the founders of this society, to whose energy, perseverance and 

true love of historical pursuits we are more than to any other person indebted for 

its strength and progress during the first decade of its existence, and who continued 

I to be its unwearied friend and supporter to the end of his life. 

* Mr. Drake died at his residence in Rockville Place, Boston Highlands, Monday, June 
j 14, 1875, aged '76. A memoir of him by the late John H. Sheppard, with a portrait, was 
published in the Register, vol. xvii. pp. 197-211. 



248 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

Resolved, That his early, constant and untiring researches into the history and 
antiquities of New-England and the genealogies of its families, his patiently-acquired 
and accurate knowledge of the aborigines of the country, the industry and thorough- 
ness he so abundantly manifested in garnering up and having ready for use the 
minute and scattered materials and details of history, as his volume of the " History 
of Boston," "The Book of the Indians," and other published works fully show, 
the sympathy and kind encouragement he ever extended to others in the incipiency 
and progress of kindred pursuits, place him among the foremost of our countrymen 
in his particular departments of literature, and entitle his name to our high esteem 
and gratitude. 

Resolved, That as the editor, and for many years the publisher, of the New-England 
Historical and Genealogical Register, in its earliest and struggling efforts to excite 
and influence to the study and publication of local and family histories, he has 
performed a work the value of which cannot be over-estimated. 

Resolved, That as members of this society, and many of us long personal friends 
of Mr. Drake, we desire to express and put on record the loss we, as well as all 
students of history, have sustained in his death. 

The resolution on the late YYinslow Lewis, M.D.,* also an ex-president, reported 
at the same meeting, were then taken up. Remarks were made by Sereno D. Nick- 
erson, J. Wingate Thornton, Abraham A. Dame, Hon. Charles L. Woodbury, Rev. 
Edmund F. Slafter, Frederic Kidder, Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, William B. Trask, 
Howland Holmes, M.D., and William H. Montague, and the resolution was adopted 
as follows : 

Resolved, That the members of this society deplore the loss from their ranks of 
Dr. Winslow Lewis of Boston, for five years their president and who had been their 
associate almost from its foundation. Skilful in antiquarian research and ardent in 
its pursuit, untiring and unshrinking in every labor and every work that tended to 
advance this society in its means, its accumulations and its influence, his exertions 
well entitle him to an honored place in the front rank of those veterans who have 
borne the brunt in the ordeals it has undergone in reaching its present flourishing 
condition, and his memory will be cherished and venerated by those who follow with 
unequal steps in the path he illuminated. The character of our brother was robust 
in the stern virtues of the race from which he descended ; strong, consistent, scorning 
wrong measures and bigotry, comprehensive in his views, vigorous in the tone of his 
thought, and having that large toleration for the free thought of others which sat 
like a jewel on his firm faith, radiant with the great Master's example. There was 
a yearning for kindly relations about our deceased friend which, with the frankness 
of his manners, his courtesy and willingness in all work of charity; or benevolence, 
gave benignity and winning grace to the sincerity of his friendship. He was not 
only esteemed for his abilities, his professional preeminence and the excellence of hh 
learning in his varied pursuits, for the easy and genial flow of his wit, the sparkle ol 
his conversation and the cheerfulness he diffused around him ; the heart of our dear 
brother surpassed all these. This Society, in token of its love, admiration and grief, 
direct these resolutions to be spread upon the records, and request the president to 
communicate to the afflicted widow of the deceased a copy, with a further expression 
of our profound sympathy for her affliction and our earnest hope that her strengtl 
may be found equal to this overwhelming calamity, and that she may long be spared 
to her loving children and friends. 

J. Wingate Thornton, who was not present when the resolutions upon Mr. Drake 
were passed, here added his testimony to his worth. 

A report from Charles W. Tuttle, chairman of a committee to nominate a Publish- 
ing Committee for 1875-6, was read. The members nominated were unanimously 
elected, namely, Colonel Albert H. Hoyt, John Ward Dean, William B. Towne, 
Rev. Lucius R. Paige, D.D., Harry H. Edes and Jeremiah Colburn. 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported that during the month of September there 
had been presented to the society 111 books, twenty-nine pamphlets, two manu- 
scripts, two broadsides, and a file of newspapers for three months. Special mention 
was made of the donations of Mrs. F. W. Sawyer of Boston, Mrs. John Carter Brown 
of Providence, Sampson, Davenport & Co. of Boston, and Osgood Field of London. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, corresponding secretary, read letters accepting mem- 

* Dr. Lewis died at Grantville, Mass., Aug. 3, 1875, aged 76. A memoir of him by John 
H. Sheppard, with a portrait, was published in the Register, vol. xvii. pp. 1-13. 



1876.] Societies and their Proceedings. 249 

bership, from David M. Parker, M.D. of Boston, Henry E. Waite of West Newton, 
William H. Wilder of Brookline, William T. Lambert of Charlestown, Phineas 
Bates, Jr. of Boston, Justin Allen of Topsfield, Nathaniel C. Towle of Brookline, Sid- 
ney Brooks of Harwich and Rev. A. B. Muzzey of Cambridge as resident members ; 
and from Robert A. Brock of Richmond, Va., David Raveiial of Charleston, S. C, 
and G. Delaplaine Scull of Hounslow Heath, England, as corresponding members. 

The corresponding secretary also read a letter, dated June 7, 1875, from Hon. 
Hiland Hall of North Bennington, Vt., accepting the office of vice-president for that 
State, to which he had been elected, and expressing great interest in the objects and 
works of the society. 

Boston, Nov. 3. — A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, president Wilder 
in the chair. 

William B. Towne, in behalf of the committee appointed at the last meeting, re- 
ported the following resolutions : 

Resolved, That in the death of the Hon. Increase Allen Lapham, LL.D., not only 
this Society, of which for more than ten years he was an honorary vice-president, but 
the community, has to mourn the loss of one of those self-made men, who, without the 
advantages of an early and classical education, raised himself by great and perse- 
vering industry, and a natural taste for scientific studies, to a high place in the 
estimation of those best qualified to judge of his labors and his attainments. For 
forty years an inhabitant of Wisconsin, his loss will be specially felt in that State, 
whose resources have been so remarkably developed by his historical, botanical, 
geological , and mineralogical investigations and publications. And beyond Wiscon- 
sin, and our own Continent, even in Europe, where for several years Dr. Lapham has 
occupied a high rank among scientists, his memory will be kindly cherished. 

After remarks by Mr. Towne, the resolutions, on motion of Rev. Dr. Clarke, were 
unanimously adopted. 

Rev. Samuel Cutler then read a paper upon The Life and Scientific Labors of Dr. 
Lapham. 

Biographical sketches of several deceased members were then read, namely 
Frederic W. Sawyer of Boston, Isaac C. Bates of Paris, France, Walter C. Green of 
Boston, Amos Otis of Yarmouthport, the Hon. Francis Bassett and the Hon. Isaac 
Emery of Boston; the Rev. William Tyler of Auburndale, William Prescott, M.D. 
of Concord, N. H., Joshua Green, M.D. of Groton, and the Hon. Horace Binney, 
LL.D. of Philadelphia. The sketch of Mr. Bates was prepared and read by Hamilton 

A. Hill, that of Mr. Green by the Hon. James D. Green, and that of Mr. Otis by 
the Hon. Charles F. Swift. The other sketches were read by the historiographer, 
the Rev. Mr. Cutler, and all were prepared by him except that of Mr. Bassett by 
the late F. W. Sawyer, that of Dr. Green by J. W. Dean, and that of Mr. Binney 
by C. J. F. Binney. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, the corresponding secretary, reported letters accept- 
ing resident membership from John D. Ames of I all River, and Cheever Newhall, J. 
Russell Bradford and Arthur M. Alger of Boston ; corresponding membership from 
James Macpherson Lemoine of Quebec ; and honorary membership from Rear Admiral 
Joseph Smith, U.S.N., of Washington. He also reported other correspondence. 

The librarian reported as donations during October, 81 volumes, 358 pamphlets, 26 
manuscripts and a number of other articles. Special mention was made of the 
donations of the Rev. Dr. George R. Entler, of Franklin, N. Y., Commodore George 
H. Preble, U.S.N. , the Literary and Historical Society of Quebec, the Hon. Henry 
C. Murphy of Brooklyn, J. Wingate Thornton, the Hon. Robert B. Forbes, William 
Allen of East Bridgewater, Charles Randolph of Chicago, Stanislas Drapeau of 
Ottawa, Can., Alexander Beal and the Rev. Edwin M. Stone. 

The president read a letter from Miss Harriet B. Derby, accompanying a donation 
of two miniatures painted for her mother, the late Mrs. E. Hasket Derby, one a 
portrait of the Rev. John Clarke, D.D. of Boston, the other a portrait of the Rev. 
John Prince, LL.D. of Salem. 

Mr. Hill in behalf of Mrs. Isaac C. Bates presented the voluminous genealogical 
collections left by her husband relating to the Bates and Henshaw families, includ- 
ing the result of his thorough researches in England. 

Col. Albert H. Hoyt, the Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, William B. Towne, William 

B. Trask and Jeremiah Colburn were chosen a committee to nominate candidates 
for the annual election in January. 

VOL. XXX. 21 



250 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

Boston, Dec. 1. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon, president Wilder in 
the chair. 

The president announced the death of five prominent members since the last 
meeting, namely, the Hon. Henry Wilson, the Hon. Amasa Walker, the Hon. 
Theron Metcalf, James M. Beebe and Andrew T. Hall. As chairman of a commit- 
tee appointed for the purpose, he reported the following resolutions on the death of 
Mr. Wilson : 

Resolved, That in the death of Henry Wilson, for many years Senator in Congress 
from Massachusetts and at the time of his death Vice-President of the United States, 
who had long been a resident member of this society, we lament the loss of one whose 
name will stand on the roll of those who have most adorned our country's history as 
a legislator, a philanthropist, and a distinguished friend of temperance ; whose 
example of persistent and energetic self-culture will incite our generous youth ; 
whose kindliness of temper, sympathy with humanit} 7 , integrity and moral courage 
gave special value to his prolonged public services, and whose career was fitly 
crowned by Christian faith and hope. 

Resolved, That these resolutions be entered upon the records and a copy thereof 
be sent to the relatives of the deceased. 

Remarks upon the resolutions and the character of Mr. Wilson were made by the 
Rev. Elius Nason, Frederic Kidder, the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., and the president, 
after which the resolutions were unanimously adopted. 

The Rev. Elias Mason then read a paper on the Ancient Psalmody of America, 
which was listened to with deep interest. Remarks upon the subject were made by 
the Rev. Lucius R. Eastman and President Wilder. 

Samuel J. Bridge, for many years a resident of California, related an interesting 
narrative connected with the life of Dr. Marsh of that state. 

The librarian reported as donations in November, 213 volumes, 43 pamphlets and 
various other articles. Special mention was made of the bequest of the late John 
Wells Parker, and the donations of Mrs. Anna B. F. Crane, from the library of the 
late Judge Farrar, her father; the Hon. Robert S. Hale, LL.D., of Elizabethtown, 
N. Y., William B. Lapham, M.U., of Augusta, Me., State Historical Society of 
Wisconsin, Paymaster Henry M. Denniston, U.S.N., the Hon. John S. Sleeper, 
William B. Trask, William C. Fowler, LL.D., of Durham, Ct., the Hon. Edward 
S. Davis, W T illiam G. Brooks and the Hon. Silas N. Martin of Wilmington, N. C. 

The corresponding secretary reported the acceptance of resident membership by 
the following gentlemen : the Hon. John P. Putnam, William C. Waters, Walter 
Hastings, Henry W. Holland, Beverley 0. Kinnear, M.D., the Rev. Charles C. 
Beaman, all of Boston; the Rev. Grindall Reynolds of Concord, Benjamin A. Chace 
of Fall River, and Samuel E. Tinkham of Maiden. 

The historiographer read biographical sketches of four deceased members, the 
Hon. Amasa Walker, LL.D., James Madison Beebe, the Hon. Theron Metcalf and 
Andrew T. Hall. 

Col. Albert H. Hoyt offered the following resolutions, which were unanimously 
adopted. 

Resolved, That this society takes a hearty interest in the success of the Interna- 
tional Exhibition to be held in Philadelphia in the centenary of American Indepen- 
dence, and that it will gladly aid in every practicable way this laudable enterprise. 

Resolved, That the Board of Directors be, and they are hereby authorized to take 
measures to carry the foregoing resolution into effect. 

The Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, Dec. 21, 1875. — A stated meeting was held this evening, the 
president, the Hon. Samuel G. Arnold, in the chair. 

After the report of the Rev. Edwin M. Stone, the librarian, President Arnold 
introduced Henry C. Dorr, of New- York, who read a valuable paper on the "Ancient 
Town Council of Providence," a subject upon which Mr. Dorr has previously read 
papers before the society. At the close of the reading, the Hon. Zachariah Allen, 
who was a member of the Town Council for seven years, about a half a century ago, 
gave some interesting reminiscences. Thanks were voted to Mr. Dorr on motion of 
the Hon. John R. Bartlett. 



1876.] Societies and their Proceedings, 251 

January 11, 1876. — A meeting was held this evening. Rev. Mr. Stone, the libra- 
rian, announced valuable donations. 

The president introduced the Hon. Abraham Payne, of Providence, who read his 
" Reminiscences of Rhode Island Lawyers," this being his second paper upon the 
subject. Thanks were voted to Mr. Payne, who intimated that he should have more 
to say on this subject, and also something on the " Dorr War." 

January 18. — The annual meeting was held this evening, president Arnold in the 
chair. 

Richmond P. Everett, the treasurer, made his annual report, which showed a 
balance of $894.35 in favor of the society. The annual reports of the cabinet keepers 
of the Northern and Southern Departments were also presented. The former, the 
Rev. Mr. Stone, reported 2649 contributions. During the year the progress of the 
society had been steady. Three thousand Rhode Island pamphlets historical, politi- 
cal, judicial, military, financial, scientific, medical, educational, and upon various 
other topics have been collated, classified and bound, making 2000 volumes in all. 
Seven thousand manuscripts have been examined, arranged in chronological order in 
twenty volumes and placed in the hands of the binder. No more important work has 
ever been done since the society was founded than putting these manuscripts in an 
available form ; and they will be of incalculable advantage to the students of Rhode 
Island history for the light they throw upon the business and social life among us. 
These are the first instalments of still more valuable treasures yet to be brought to 
light from the archives of the society. Among the collection of Rhode Island pam- 
phlets, an interesting document was discovered, concerning which no public notice 
has been given. It is a printed pamphlet, written by Roger Williams, and entitled, 
" An answer to a letter sent from Mr. Coddington, of Rhode Island, to Gov. Lever- 
ett, of Boston, in what concerns R. W., of Providence." The original title-page is 
gone, and it is impossible to learn where it was printed, or in what year it was issued. 
From the general tenor of it, however, the evidence is strong that it appeared sub- 
sequent to the discussion between Roger Williams and the disciples of George Fox, 
at Newport. 

The officers for the ensuing year were then elected, as follows : 

President — Hon. Samuel G. Arnold. 

Vice-Presidents — Hon. Zachariah Allen, Hon. Francis Brinley, of Newport. 

Secretary — Hon. Amos Perry. 

Treasurer — Richmond P. Everett. 

Librarian and Cabinet Keeper, Northern Department — Rev. E. M. Stone. 

Cabinet Keeper, Southern Department — Benj. B. Howland, of Newport. 

Committee on Nominations — William G. Williams, George L. Collins, Albert V. 
Jenckes. 

Committee on Lectures and Beading of Papers — William Gammell, Charles W. 
Parsons, Amos Perry. 

Committee on Publications — John R. Bartlett, J. Lewis Diman, Edwin M. Stone. 

Committee on Grounds and Buildings — Isaac H. Southwick, Joseph R. Brown, 
Albert Dailey. 

Auditing Committee — Henry T. Beckwith, Walter Blodgett. 

On motion of Hon. Amos Perry, a committee was appointed to take charge of the 
genealogical matters which have been brought to the attention of the Society by Dr. 
Henry E. Turner, of Newport. The subject was spoken of favorably by Messrs. 
Perry, Allen, Paine and others, the intention being to save from oblivion the early 
records of the cemeteries in the State. The committee was appointed as follows : 
Henry E. Turner, Zachariah Allen and Amos Perry. Dr. Channing gave notice of 
an amendment to the constitution, providing for the election of a genealogical com- 
mittee as one of the standing committees of the Society. 

The Committee on Publications were authorized to have 500 copies of the records 
printed, including papers, reports and a necrology of the members deceased during 
the year. 

An annual tax of $3 was assessed. 

Isaac II. Southwick, for the Committee on Grounds and Buildings, reported 
that $250 had been expended for repairs. On motion of Mayor Doyle, the Commit- 
tee on Grounds and Buildings were directed to enlarge the room of the Cabinet by 
having the inner doors removed back. 



252 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

On motion of Henry T. Beckwith, an offer of a member to have printed at his 
own expense, the papers by Henry C. Dorr of New-York, was accepted, with the 
usual understanding that the Society does not hold itself responsible for any of the 
ideas advanced by the authors of papers read at its meetings. 

Hon. Zachariah Allen read an historical sketch of the family of Capt. Gallup, 
slain in the great Swamp Battle in 1675, written by Mrs. Carolina Gallup Read of 
New- York, who also offered to send to the society the orderly book of General Syl- 
vanus Read, on General Sullivan's staff in Rhode Island in the revolutionary war ; 
also two banners. The paper had been intended to have been read on the occasion 
of the bi-centennial of the swamp fight last December. Mr. Allen was requested to 
return the thanks of the society to Mrs. Read and to accept her generous offer. 

New-London County Historical Society. 

New- London, Conn., Feb. 22.— A meeting was held this day, the Hon. Henry P. 
Haven, in the absence of the president, in the chair. 

The Hon. Richard A. Wheeler, of Stonington, read a paper upon The Pequots, 
which presented in a concise form the history of the tribe from the earliest known 
accounts down to the present time. It was replete with descriptions of heroic, 
barbarous and treacherous deeds and their penalties. 

The committee appointed at the last meeting reported a design for a monument to 
mark the site of the Pequot fort. It is designed to be of the Doric order, seven feet 
square at the base and thirty-two feet high, including an ideal statue of Capt. John 
Mason. The die is to be inlaid with bronze tablatures, on each side, with proper 
bas-relief and inscriptions. The whole is to be of granite, and it is estimated that it 
will not cost more than five thousand dollars. 

The society accepted the design, and empowered the same committee, namely, 
Hon. William II. Potter, Judge Wheeler and Daniel Lee to obtain funds, contract, 
call a meeting of consultation, and go before the legislature if need be. The Hon. 
L. S. Foster, the Hon. Henry P. Haven, Henry Bill and Capt. William Clift were 
added to the committee. Remarks were made by Judge Wheeler, Mr. Haven, Drs. 
Daggett and Arms, Messrs. Lee, Potter, Horace Clift, Judge Mather and others. 

The Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond, February, 1876. — At a meeting of the executive committee of this 
Society, the Hon. A. M. Keiley in the chair, William A. Maury, in behalf of the 
committee appointed at the January meeting, to examine the manuscript compila- 
tion of the letters of the three Colonels Byrd of Westover, and others, recently pre- 
sented to the Society, reported that a careful examination had shown its interest 
and value. Thanks were voted to the donor, Miss Elizabeth Byrd Nicholas, by 
whom these letters were first brought together, and who had prefixed to them an 
interesting introduction. It was also voted to publish the manuscripts. A photo- 
grapher is now taking pictures to illustrate the work, namely, a view of the West- 
over mansion, copies of the portraits which formerly adorned its walls, now 
preserved at the seats of Upper and Lower Brandon, and pictures of other objects of 
interest. 

R. A. Brock, the corresponding secretary, reported the donations, among which 
were many books and pamphlets, an antique snuffer's tray, an heirloom of the 
Hedgoman family of Virginia, presented by Mrs. Susan H. Rawlings, of Richmond, 
and a valuable historical record, being the manuscript proceedings of the Southern 
Rights' Association from its organization, Dec. 7, 1850, to April 6, 1860, from its 
final secretary, J. Bell Bigger, whose predecessors were William F. Ritchie, John 
M. Daniel, R. R. Duval and Roger A. Pryor. 

The corresponding secretary read a very interesting letter from the Hon. H. B. 
Grigsby, LL.D., the president of the Society, conveying information regarding the 
library of old William and Mary College in 1776 and 1800, and the number and 
•character of the volumes bequeathed to it by Commissary Blair, its first president, 
who died in 1743. 

He also read an extract from a letter from the Rev. E. A. Dalrymple, D.D., of 
Baltimore, Md., who tenders a donation of $100 to the proposed fund for the erec- 
tion of a Society hall, as suggested by Mr. Grigsby. Dr. Dalrymple also writes: 
" Is the Governor Wood, whose papers you have secured, the Wood under whose 
auspices or by whom a map of Virginia was made many years ago ? If it be, tradi- 



1876.] Boole-Notices. 253 

tion says he made a collection of all the Pamunkey and Mattaponi Indian words 
that were known in his day. I heard of this vocabulary over thirty years ago, and 
also that the Hon. Andrew Stevenson, when a young lawyer, was his executor. I 
communicated with Mr. Stevenson at the time I first heard of the matter, and he 
sent me word that he also had heard about that vocabulary, and did not doubt but 
that it would be found among Wood's papers, which he thought were at some place 
in King William county, Va." 

Mr. Brock thought that John Wood, the somewhat notorious author of " The 
Administration of John Adams — 1802," was most probably the Wood alluded to. 
He was a Scotchman of considerable linguistic and mathematical attainments, who 
taught school for a number of years in this and the neighboring city of Petersburg. 
He prepared maps of several countips in the State, and possibly one of the entire 
State, though his accuracy must have been questionable, as he was known never to 
have visited the localities delineated. Among other works, he was the author of 
"A New Theory of the Diurnal Motion of the Earth," published at Richmond in 
1809. He died in this city in May, 1822. Governor Wood also died here June 16, 
1813, and his remains were interred in Shockoe Hill cemetery. 

Mr. Brock was requested to prepare a circular-letter making an appeal in behalf 
of the Society and soliciting subscriptions to its hall fund. 

We are glad to see that Mr. Brock, who succeeds the late Colonel Wynne, as 
corresponding secretary and librarian of the Society, is prosecuting its interests 
with zeal. We hope he will find a large number of persons ready to cooperate with 
him in labor and pecuniary contributions. 



BOOK-NOTICES. 



The History of Printing in America, with a Biography of Printers, and an 
Acccount of Newspapers. In two Volumes. By Isaiah Thomas, LL.D., 
Printer, late President of the American Antiquarian Society, Member of 
the American Philosophical Society, and of the Massachusetts and New- 
York Historical Societies. Second Edition. With the Author's Correc- 
tions and Additions, and a Catalogue of American Publications previous 
to the Revolution of 1776. Published under the supervision of a special 
Committee of the American Antiquarian Society. Albany, N. Y. : Joel 
Munsell, Printer. 1874. [8vo. Vol. I. pp. lxxxvii. and 423; Vol. II. pp. 
viii. and 666-J-47.] 

The first edition of Dr. Isaiah Thomas's " great and distinctive enterprise," The 
History of Printing in America, was published in the early part of the summer of 1810. 
The author of that work was born in 1749, and put to learning the noble " art 
preservative of all arts," at an age when boys generally are in the schools struggling 
with the rudiments of knowledge. He continued at the trade and business of printer 
and publisher until 1802. Then, in the fulness of his intellectual strength, with a 
deserved reputation for ability, integrity and patriotic devotion to the rights of man, 
with an ample estate, the fruit of incessant industry and sagacious enterprise, he 
retired from active business ; but not to idleness, nor to a misuse of talents and re- 
sources acquired in a half-century of toil and study. He soon set himself to the task 
of gathering the material for a history of printers and printing in America. 

Dr. Thomas possessed more than ordinary intelligence and intellectual force even 
for men of his own craft. His habits of industry, accuracy and method were ex- 
traordinary. Difficulties and impediments served only to arouse all his powers. 

What the obstacles were that stood in the way in 1802 of the prosecution of such 
an undertaking, we at this day cannot properly estimate. In the first place, there 
did not exist anywhere in all America what we now regard as a well equipped work- 
ing-library, public or private. The Prince collection, the libraries in Harvard and 
Yale colleges, and the library of the Massachusetts Historical Society, constituted 
the entire resources of that kind in New-England. The first named has not 
materially increased in volume since that day ; but the enlargement and enrich- 
VOL. xxx. 21* 



254 Book-Notices. [April, 

ment of the other three since 1802, especially in their collections of American pub- 
lications prior to the revolution of 1776, have been very great. The Boston Athe- 
ngeuin, now one of the best working-libraries in this country, did not exist even in 
name till 1807. The nucleus of the present superb library of the American Anti- 
quarian Society, prior to its incorporation in 1812 was the property of Dr. Thomas. 
The large and inestimably valuable collections of early American books now in our 
public libraries, or in the possession of other historical societies and of private indi- 
viduals, were then scattered among a multitude of owners in this and foreign lands. 
The rich collections now existing in other parts of the United States, with few 
exceptions, had hardly been so much as dreamed of. 

Books of reference of any kind were few in number. There were no dictionaries 
of American biography,— those of Eliot and Allen not having been published till 
1809. The only two publications of New-England origin that could fairly claim to 
take rank with purely historical works of that day, were Belknap's History of New- 
Hampshire, Trumbull's History of Connecticut, and the first two volumes of 
Hutchinson's History of the Colony of Massachusetts-Bay,— the third volume did 
not appear till 1828. Moreover, the great mass of the books and pamphlets previ- 
ously published in New-England, or in America, whether historical or biographical, 
were essentially fragmentary and superficial, loose and inaccurate, to a degree that 
rendered them, for the most part, either but little better than blind guides, or of 
very slight value for such inquiries as Dr. Thomas was engaged in. 

It was under such unfavorable circumstances that this history was constructed. 
In about eight years from the outset of his labors, the author gave the results to the 
public in two volumes, including in the aggregate ten hundred and sixty-three 
octavo pages. The work was received into great favor at once. It certainly had the 
merit of being the fruit of long, pains-taking and industrious research in an inter- 
esting and important field of history hitherto unexplored. The intrinsic merits of 
the work, coupled with the fact that it was the only publication upon the subject, 
gave to it the place of authority. This place it has kept unquestioned to the present 
time. 

From 1810 to his death in 1831, Dr. Thomas seems to have never lost sight of the 
subject; he looked upon his history as susceptible of enlargement and correction. 
He made considerable progress in collecting materials for a second edition ; and at 
his decease left a partially revised copy of his history. These were included in his 
bequests to the American Antiquarian Society. 

It was his expressed wish, we are informed, that if he did not live long enough to 
prepare a second edition, some " friend " would use his materials for that purpose. 
It was altogether fitting and desirable, therefore, that his intentions should be ful- 
filled by that Society, of which he was the founder, for a long time the first president, 
and a generous benefactor in his life-time as well as by his testamentary gifts. Surely 
he could not have been succeeded by a " friend " dearer to his heart, or by one that 
would more faithfully observe the conditions and intentions of his munificent 
endowments. 

For many years the History of Printing has been classed among the rare books, 
and large prices have been paid for such copies as now and then have found their 
way into the market. These facts clearly indicated a continued demand for the 
work. This demand the Society wisely recognized, and some years ago they took 
steps to bring out a new edition in pursuance of the author's plans. Very justly 
the Society also resolved to incorporate this history with their own series of archaeo- 
logical publications, " as a memorial of their honored founder." 

This duty was intrusted to a special committee, of which the chairman was Mr. 
Samuel F. Haven, the librarian of the Society since .the year 1838, whose industry, 
precise learning, thorough research, and distinguished labors as author and editor, 
have conferred^honor upon the Society and greatly enlarged its capacity for useful- 
ness. His associates on the committee were Mr. Nathaniel Paine, the treasurer ot 
the Society, who has been a very active member for several years, and has given 
ample evidence of his careful and intelligent habits of investigation by valuable 
historical and bibliographical monographs ; and Mr. Joel Munsell, who is entitled to 
the advanced post of honor in that small class of persons in America who have success- 
fully combined the labors of author, printer, and publisher of historical and biogra- 
phical works. All the members of the committee have contributed to the undertak- 
ing, but the chief labor has been borne by the chairman. The results are before us 
in two octavo volumes, whose outward style and dress is in fit keeping with the 
character and importance of the work. 



1876.] Boole-Notices. 255 

On comparing this with the former edition, it will be observed that the prelimi- 
nary account of the history of printing in the Old World has been omitted. For the 
time when it was prepared, and the state of knowledge on the subject then accessible, 
this part of the original work was reasonably full and accurate ; but to have enlarged 
and modified it sufficiently to embody the later and far more ample information 
would have necessitated a third volume. Although meritorious, it was not an essen- 
tial or important part of the original work. Besides, since then, more elaborate 
and accurate publications on the subject have appeared. In the room of this omitted 
part, we have a full and satisfactory biography of the author, by his grandson, the 
Hon. Benjamin F. Thomas. Some articles of less importance have also been left 
out. In all other respects, we believe, the text of the history is given as it was left 
in the copy revised by Dr. Thomas, except where it has been enlarged or modified by 
the committee in pursuance of his evident but incompleted designs. 

In elucidation and correction of the text, notes have been supplied by Mr. Haven, 
Mr. Munsell and Mr. Bartlett. Mr. H. G. Jones, of Philadelphia, has also furnished 
notes, respecting paper-making, &c, in Pennsylvania. 

In the appendix to the first volume of the new edition, we have a learned and 
valuable contribution on the bibliography of Spanish America, from the Hon. John 
R. Bartlett, of Providence, who has given special attention to the subject. 

By far the most important portion of the new matter is the catalogue of publica- 
tions in the English colonies of America previous to the revolution of 1776. This 
list, printed in brevier type, covers three hundred and fifty-eight pages of the second 
volume. In pursuance of Dr. Thomas's expressed intention, the preparation of the 
catalogue was undertaken by the late Samuel F. Haven, Jr., M.D., before the 
outbreak of the late civil war. Availing himself of some materials collected by Dr. 
Thomas, Dr. Haven had pushed his own inquiries and researches far and wide, and, 
with that zeal and patient toil that few can appreciate, had collected materials 
sufficient, as we learn, to make a volume/on brevier type, of four or five hundred pages. 

This accomplished and deeply lamented young man subsequently lost his life by a 
mortal wound received from the enemy's battery in the battle of Fredericksburg, 
while he was on active duty as surgeon of the 15th Massachusetts regiment. This 
catalogue, which will perpetuate the memory of his historical zeal, and endure as a 
monument of the son's honorable lineage and inherited tastes, was thus left to be 
completed by his father ; a pathetic instance of a sort of fortune that comes to but few 
parents. In this case a degree of solace may be afforded by the reflection that the 
sacrifice was made in behalf of that which in the estimation of many great souls has 
been held dearer even than life. Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori. 

This catalogue, revised and enlarged by the chairman of the committee, is the 
first and, so far as we know, the only attempt at a complete list of the major and 
minor issues of the American press prior to the year 1776. It should be borne in mind, 
however, that it is not intended for what is technically called a bibliographical 
catalogue. From a careful reading of the preface to the new edition, in which the 
important labors of the committee are very modestly stated, and from an examination 
of the catalogue itself, it will be seen that no such thing was attempted, and could 
not be, unless the titles in all cases could be taken from the publications themselves. 
Apparently, the effort has been, so far as practicable, to give such titles as would 
serve to identify the work, more or less full as the case might require, or the means 
might be at hand. So that, though all the editions are not specifically mentioned, 
and though the titles may not correspond in all cases with those in the library of a 
collection, 3 r et they will be found, we think, to be substantially correct and sufficiently 
full for the purpose intended. 

From such examination as we have been able to make, — and this has been some- 
what minute on certain parts, — we are confident that this catalogue will be found to 
be very nearly exhaustive, and accurate to an unusual and admirable degree. Entire 
accuracy and absolute completeness could not have been secured without a personal 
examination by the editor of every publication extant. This manifestly was 
impossible. 

Such a list as this suggests many thoughts which, had we space, we should be 
glad to state at length. For instance, it is interesting to observe how large a propor- 
tion of the publications up to the year 1700 were theological, or, to be more precise, 
doctrinal, as distinguished from ethical, and to note how few of the writers seem 
to have left any distinctive, permanent mark upon the public mind. It is interesting 
also to see in how few instances the exceptionally strong intellectual abilities of 



256 Book-Notices. [April, 

fathers were transmitted to their sons and grandsons, so far as the latter are repre- 
sented in the list of authors. It is no less interesting to observe how the fecundity 
of the press was increased or diminished by important public events. The periods of 
greatest religious activity, or of theological disputation, are easily discernible by a 
glance at this catalogue. The same may be said of those periods when domestic 
difficulties or foreign interferences occupied the public attention. It is note-worthy 
also, how plainly the growing lists of titles, and the character of the publications, 
after the year 1700, indicate that rising and broadening tide of political feeling which 
culminated in the War for Independence. To this war the author of the " History 
of Printing in America" was accessory before the fact, and aiding and abetting 
during the fact, by his voice and pen. It is a happy and perhaps a designed coinci- 
dence that the second and greatly improved edition of that history comes forth in the 
centenary of the Republic. A. LI. Hoyt. 

Bibliotheca Americana. A Catalogue of Boohs relating to North and South 
America in the Library af the late John Garter Brown, of Providence, 
JR. Z, with Notes. By John Russell Bartlett. Providence. 1875. 

The Historia Americana described by this catalogue was collected by the late 
John Carter Brown during a period of not less than forty years, under circumstances 
favorable for making it the most valuable collection of the kind in the world, which 
we believe it now to be. By the will of Mr. Brown it was devised to his widow, 
and the process of accumulation, we arc happy to learn, is still going on with the 
same persistent zeal and energy as in the past, under the direction of the learned 
and accomplished bibliographer, the lion. John Russell Bartlett. Mrs. Brown is for- 
tunate in being able to place it in the charge of one so eminently qualified for the 
work, especially as he is conversant with this particular collection, and knows 
well its fulness and its needs ; for rich as it is, it will undoubtedly rise to a still 
higher degree of opulence under his wise counsel and direction. 

The work consists of four volumes, royal octavo, covering in all seventeen hundred 
and seventy-five pages. It is divided into three parts, and the titles are entered 
in chronological order. The first part includes all works printed before 1601, the 
second part those between 1001 and 1700, and the third those between 1701 and 1800. 
The number of titles increases in the several parts with the progress of time. The 
first part includes six hundred titles, the second eleven hundred and fifty-four, while 
the third contains four thousand, one hundred and seventy-three. Each volume has 
an illuminated title-page with the family arms and crest. 

The first part, which supersedes a former one printed ten years ago, contains, as 
we have seen, a smaller number of titles than the others, but a much larger propor- 
tion of exceedingly rare, and, commercially speaking, valuable works. 

It is to be observed that the whole collection is made up, with scarcely an excep- 
tion, of original editions. Mr. Brown was never satisfied with reprints. It is this 
that gives to it its extraordinary value in a historical as well as a commercial point 
of view. Historical tracts, printed in very limited editions, three hundred years 
ago, are obtained with the utmost difficulty. Few of them, escaping the casualties 
and dissolving power of time, actually exUt. Those that have found their way into 
the great libraries of Europe, or of this country, happily cannot be withdrawn. 
When one of a half dozen existing copies of a work, by any chance, is thrown upon 
the market, it is only those of a princely fortune, who can afford the purchase No 
obstacle of this sort interfered at any time with Mr. Brown's purpose. His aim 
therefore to secure original editions, his ample means of competition and the oppor- 
tunities which arise during a long period of time for obtaining scarce books, have 
combined to secure a library of Americana, unsurpassed in richness and rarity. 

The first part, comprising books printed anterior to 1601, is not merely a catalogue, 
but a bibliography. Not only are the full titles given by a complete transcript of 
the title-pa^es, with a description of the size, number and character of the leaves 
and often of the type, but of all the more important and extensive works, there are 
added analyses of their subjects, revealing to the reader their contents in detail. 
Annotations by Mr. Bartlett, with occasional opinions and conclusions of other bib- 
liographers, are richly scattered through the whole, with frequent epitomised dis- 
cussions of grave historical questions. The full titles of works in foreign languages 
are translated, in many cases, into English, a very great convenience, to say the 
least. The work is embellished by a large number of portraits, vignettes, printer's 



1876.] Boolc-JSFotices. 257 

marks, maps and title-pages in fac-simile, with quaint emblems and mottoes, sig- 
nificant of the customs and manners of the time, and in many ways of historical 
value. In this feature Mr. Bartlett has exceeded all that have gone before him. In 
the catalogue of the library of the Duke of Sussex, issued in a princely style, there 
are fac-similes of the illuminations of certain Hebrew and Caldee manuscripts, and 
likewise of early typography. Brunet's invaluable Bibliography is illustrated with 
a limited number of printer's marks. These, interesting in themselves, are chiefly 
useful in sometimes establishing the date at which certain very ancient volumes 
were printed. But neither these, nor any other catalogues with which we are ac- 
quainted, have illustrations extending to portraits, and especially to complete title- 
pages and maps. Dibden's Decameron forms no exception, for it is neither a 
catalogue nor a bibliography, but a general and superficial talk about libraries and 
books, and book-sales, illustrated with exquisite steel engravings, eminently adapted 
to the bibliomanian market. While Mr. Bartlett has not omitted the 4k printer's 
marks " he has added other illustrations of far greater importance and historical 
value. 

The first three titles in the catalogue are of volumes printed before the discovery 
of America. They are all cosmographies, and constitute a suitable preface to what 
follows. They exhibit the world as it was known on the eve of the addition to it of 
a new continent, and one of these works at least, the Imago Mundi of Cardinal 
D'Ailly, was a favorite text-book of Columbus, and from it he doubtless derived the 
inspiration and the knowledge that led to his great achievement. 

Many of the volumes in the collection, though properly included in the list of 
Americana, treat of the new continent only incidentally, some of them adding 
merely a chapter, or even a few sentences or lines, but nevertheless the} 7 enter into 
the warp and woof of our history, and sometimes contain a fact or an allusion, or a 
date, on which grave conclusions are made to turn. 

The original editions of the Columbiana and Vespuciana are numerous in this col- 
lection. Of the famous letter of Columbus printed in 1493, immediately after his 
first voyage, Mrs. Brown has four out of the six editions of that year, all of which 
are exceedingly rare. This is a larger number than is found in any library, public 
or private, in this country or Europe. She has also the two other editions in fac- 
simile. 

Besides the long list of historical works relating to America, printed in the six- 
teenth century, treating of the numerous expeditions to our shores, such as that of 
Ribault and of Menendez, of Gilbert and Frobisher, and Raleigh and Jacques Car- 
tier, of which we have not space to speak more particularly, there are the great 
Historical Collections, rare and of inexpressible value to the historical student, be- 
ginning with the Prcesi nouamente retrouati of 1507, followed by that of Simon 
Grynaeus, 1532; of Ramusio, 1554 ; of Richard Eden, 1555 ; of Richard Hakluyt, 
1582 ; of Theodore De Bry, 1590, and of Levinus Hulsius, near the end of the cen- 
tury, with his elaborate work in twenty-six quarto volumes. Mr. Bartlett has added 
great value to the catalogue by giving copious analyses of these collections, except- 
ing those which had already been satisfactorily treated by other bibliographers. 

An interesting feature of the work is the introduction of several early maps in 
fac-simile, which are worthy of a particular notice. That of Stobnicza, of 1512, 
taken from a copy in the Imperial Library at Vienna, is the first on which America 
is represented as a distinct continent extending as far north as 50°. In its sombre 
incompleteness it brings to mind the period of chaotic uncertainty when the earth 
was void and without form. The map of the world by Peter Apian, of 1520, cuts 
away the isthmus and separates America into two distinct continents, denominating 
the northern ulteriora terra incognita, an appropriate appellation at that period of 
undeveloped geographical knowledge. It is distinguished as the earliest engraved 
map of the new world yet known, on which the name, America, is inscribed. 
America is however found on a manuscript map, supposed to have been made as 
early as 1514, and now in a collection belonging to the Queen at Windsor Castle. 
There are several other maps represented in fac-simile, but we will only mention the 
very rare and interesting one by Sir Humphrey Gilbert, of 1576, on which are laid 
down Florida, Labrador, Baccalaos, New France, Hochelaga and Canada, the latter 
represented as an island by itself. This map was constructed to illustrate his dis- 
course on a passage to Cataia, and it consequently delineates an open sea stretching 
from Labrador due west across the continent to the Pacific ocean. It was made be- 
fore his celebrated voyage to our northern coast, and even before the first voyage of 



258 Book-Notices. [April, 

Frobisher, and his information must have been obtained both from the French 
V03 T agers, Carrier, and perhaps Alfonse, and from the " Charts of Sebastian Cabota," 
as he calls them in the " Discourse " which this map was made to illustrate. These 
charts Sir Humphrey informs us were at that time "to be seene in the Queens 
Maiesties priuie Gallerie at Whitehall." 

These maps are all so excessively rare, that their reproduction in this catalogue 
will bring them within the reach of many historical students, who would otherwise 
have been unable to consult them. 

We have thus far only spoken of the first Part of the catalogue. The second and 
third Parts are not illustrated, and the annotations are less frequent and elaborate, 
although the titles are given in full with brief bibliographical descriptions. 

It is hardly necessary to inform our readers that a collection, containing so many 
exceedingly rare works as this, is carefully preserved. By the courtesy of the late 
Mr. Brown we have several times visited the Library for historical investigation. 
The apartment is spacious, chaste and rich. The minor appointments are simple, 
and the binding of the volumes harmonizes in richness with the preciousness of their 
contents. When the old binding is strong and whole, bronzed with the sober rust 
of age, it is retained as better than new. When rebinding is necessary it is done by 
Bedford and other distinguished binders, and is always plainly rich and chastely 
beautiful. 

The prevailing idea of Mr. Brown appears to have been not to gratify his pride 
in a collection that should be uniquely rare, but to make one that should be practi- 
cally useful, to meet as fully as possible the demand of historical investigation in 
one of its important branches. He was in no sense a bibliotaphist. He did not aim 
to conceal knowledge but to diffuse it. The mere collector of rare books, who with- 
draws them from the use of scholars, is a nuisance. He commits a crime against 
the republic of letters and the rights of mankind. He takes that which not enriches 
him, but makes the scholar poor indeed. Mr. Brown made this collection in the in- 
terest of history, and it has always been, and we fancy it will continue to be in the 
future, accessible to scholars who are desirous of examining any rare volume for the 
honest and legitimate purpose of critical study. 

Com. by the Rev. Edmund F. Slqfter. 

History of the Civil War in America^ By the Comte de Paris. Trans- 
lated, with the approval of the author, by Louis F. Tasistro. Edited 
by Henry Coppee, LL.D. Vol. I. Philadelphia : Jos. H. Coates & Co. 
1875. [800, pp. 640 ; Cloth, $3.50 ; Sheep, Library Style, $4.50 ; Half 
Turkey Morocco, $6.00.] 

No sooner had the Confederate armies disbanded than the press teemed with his- 
tories of the late civil war. Most of these were essentially political, and all were so 
far partial that they consisted substantially of little more than a diffuse restatement 
of events as given in the newspapers of the day by army correspondents, or in the 
official reports of Federal officers. They were incomplete, inaccurate and one-sided, 
and, for the most, were but the hasty compilations of impecunious journeymen 
writers, who had no part or lot in the war. They occupied the ground, and, hence, 
deterred more competent men from undertaking the work. 

The best publications of the kind that have appeared from an American source 
are the histories of single campaigns. Some of these, written by actors in the war, 
merit the highest confidence from their fulness, accuracy and impartiality. 

As to a history of the war, written by an American, such as should command the 
general approval of candid and well-informed soldiers and civilians on both sides of 
the controversy, we do not expect to see any serious attempt made until at a 
time yet distant when the passions, prejudices, jealousies and vain ambitions of sol- 
diers and politicians shall have sunk to rest, — certainly not until the vast and docu- 
mentary material, still in a measure scattered and incomplete, shall have been col- 
lected and digested. It could not have been anticipated that a foreigner would essay 
this difficult and responsible task. Upon the announcement of such a history from 
the Count of Paris, the unexpectedness of the source and the character of the writer 
greatly stimulated public curiosity to learn what he had to offer upon so sensitive a 
theme ; and his work, so far as it has appeared, has met with an eager public appetite. 

The Count of Paris, the author of the work under notice, has had the benefit of a 
military education and some experience. It is well known that he served for some 



1876.] Boole-Notices. 259 

time on the personal staff of General McClellan. Still it might well be conjectured 
that he would fail in respect to the fulness, accuracy and candor of his narratives, in 
the grasp and correct appreciation of the causes of the war, and of the peculiar and 
extraordinary conditions, — geographical, political and financial, — under which it 
was carried on. This volume, however, discloses no evidence of failure in any of 
these respects. 

It is stated that the work will be completed in eight volumes in the French lan- 
guage ; two of which are included in the volume before us. It is not possible, 
therefore, to pass a final judgment upon the work as a whole, since we have but an 
instalment of it at present ; and, inasmuch as the volumes that are to follow will 
cover the chief part of the war, including those operations by land and sea, and those 
partly military, partly political, questions about which there has been the greatest 
controversy and heat, the most difficult part of the author's labors is yet to come. 

The work, so far as it is published, offers but slight occasions for criticism. The 
author claims to have entered upon his work with due preparation, with a desire to 
be strictly accurate and impartial, and with the purpose rather of instructing the 
European public than Transatlantic readers. In his introductory note, he says : " I 
hope that my readers will acknowledge that I have tried to make Europe understand 
the magnitude of the strife which divided the New World, the extent of the sacri- 
fices borne by the American people, and the heroism displayed by both sides on the 
bloody field of battle. I should be proud to have my share in raising the monument 
which is to perpetuate that heroism and the glory of the American soldier, without 
distinction between the blue and the gray coats." 

The object of this work being essentially a military history, the author, unlike 
any of his predecessors, begins in a philosophical manner with the origin of the 
American Army. The first book is devoted to a preliminary sketch of the volunteers 
of the eighteenth century, of the war of 181*2, and the standing army of 1815, of the 
regular army and of West Point Academy, of the army of occupation in Mexico, the 
army of invasion in Mexico, and of the American army among the Indians. The 
second book is devoted to Secession : — slavery, the Confederate volunteers, the presi- 
dential election of 1860, Fort Sumter, and the Federal volunteers. In book third, 
: the author gives an elaborate and admirably written account of the rivers and rail- 
ways of the country, which played so important a part in the war ; the battle of 
Bull Run ; the preparation for the strife and the organization of the army by Gen. 
McClellan ; the impatience of the public, stimulated by the intrigues and fears of 
politicians, and aggravated by the incompetence and ill-regulated temper of the 
war department ; and an instructive chapter on the materiel of war. The next two 
books give an account of the battles of Lexington, Ball's Bluff, Port Royal, Donelson 
and Pea Ridge, Shiloh and Roanoke, and the fight between the Monitor and the 
Virginia in Hampton Roads. The last chapter in this volume especially deserves, 
on many accounts, a careful study. The causes of General McClellan 's failure in 
the Peninsular Campaign are here outlined in a way that challenge a respectful 
attention. 

The narrative is brought down to the month of April, 1862, and the volume closes 
with these pregnant sentences: "The government at Washington, by its want of 
skill, from the outset compromised the success of the decisive campaign for which 
the patriotic people of the north had begrudged it neither men nor money. In the 
next volume the reader will see how dearly this error cost." 

The volume is elegantly printed, and furnished with several excellent maps en- 
graved from the originals, and printed in three colors. 

The translator has done his part of the work of the American edition in an 
acceptable manner generally. If the remaining volumes shall be written with the 
ability, research and care that characterize this, the honor and merit of having 
furnished us with the best history of the Civil War in America will be readily con- 
ceded to the grandson of King Louis Philippe. a. h. h. 

Potter's American Monthly : an Illustrated Magazine of History, Literature, 
Science and Art, Vols. IV. and V. 1875. Philadelphia : John E. Potter 
& Company. [Sm. 4to. pp. 950.] 

Sixteen numbers of Potter's American Monthly, the successor of the American 
Historical Record (ante, xxvi. 222 ; xxviii. 230 ; xxix. 126), have been issued. The 
first twelve make a volume of nearly one thousand pages, whose title is given above. 
Its columns abound in articles — most of them illustrated — which will interest pco- 



260 Boole-Notices. [April, 

pie of historical, biographical and antiquarian tastes. With these, to meet the 
taste of a large class of readers, some lighter literature is interspersed. 

Dr. Lossing, who edited the Record during the whole period that this periodical 
was published under that title, though he vacated the editorial chair when the 
change was made, still retains a connection with the work, being a principal con- 
tributor to its pages. His series of articles on The Historic Buildings of America, 
and Washington's Orderly Book, annotated by him, are contributions to our his- 
torical literature that will be appreciated by scholars. Other contributors have en- 
riched the pages of this work with valuable articles. Mr. Morris, the editor, has 
performed his labor with good judgment and taste. J. W. Dean. 

A History of the City of St. Paul and of the County of Ramsey, Minnesota. 
By J. Fletcher Williams, Secretary of the Minnesota Historical 
Society; Cor. Sec. of the Old Settlers Association of Minnesota; Sec. of 
the Ramsey County Pioneer Association, &c. &c. [Collections of the 
Minnesota Historical Society : Vol. IV.] Saint Paul : Published by the 
Society. 1876. [8vo. pp. 475.] 

The first building erected by a white man within the limits of the city of St. Paul 
was commenced early in June, 1838 ; and now, three-eighths of a century later, there 
is a population of upwards of thirty-three thousand persons, a valuation of nearly 
thirty million dollars, and structures that vie in elegance and durability with those 
of our Atlantic cities. This elegant book, which would do credit to the press of 
Boston or New- York, is an evidence of the growth of the city in taste and in the 
arts. 

In the Register for April, 1873 (xxvii. 216), we have given an account of the 
Minnesota Historical Society, organized in 1849, of whose collections this work 
forms the fourth volume, and have glanced at the rapid progress of that state in 
population and wealth. The author of this book has been an efficient officer of the 
society for nine years, and to his enterprise and industry we think is mainly due the 
high position which it has attained. 

Mr. Williams informs vis in his preface that it is ten years since he first began 
te collect materials illustrating the history of St. Paul ; " and it was fortunate," 
he adds, " that 1 began the work then. I secured, in writing, the minute state- 
ments of some of the earliest pioneers of our city, who have since gone to their 
reward, and which, if not recorded by me then, would have probably been lost. 
Among these were" some of "the earliest residents here, who took a prominent 
part in the pre-territorial period of our history. Coming to St. Paul at quite an 
early day myself, it was my good fortune to be well acquainted with nearly all the 
early settlers — scores of them since deceased — and being in an occupation which 
enabled me to do so, 1 was accustomed to secure from them, and write up for publi- 
cation, little sketches, historical and biographical, about the early days and early 
men of St. Paul." 

The author has made a good use of the materials thus collected, and those ob- 
tained lrom books and manuscripts relating to the west, and has produced a book 
that older cities would be proud of. Biography holds a prominent place in it, and 
most of the sketches are illustrated by portraits. What would we, in Boston, give 
for the portraits and the minute details of the lives of our early settlers? j. w. d. 

Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of the most Ancient and Honorable Frater- 
nity of Free and Accepted Masons of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts : 
Special Communication August 6, 1875, and Quarterly Communication 
September 8, 1875. Boston: Press of Rockwell & Churchill. 1875. 
[8vo. pp. 386.] 

A large portion of this number of the proceedings of the Grand Lodge of Massa- 
chusetts is filled with tributes to the memory of Winslow Lewis, M.D., a past Grand 
Master of this Lodge. A memorial of Dr. Lewis, prepared by a committee of which 
Col. John T. Heard was chairman, occupies 250 pages. In this report is printed entire 
the proceedings of the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society, of which Dr. 
Lewis was for five years president, comprising the resolutions and the remarks of 
Messrs. Nickerson, Dame, Woodbury, Slafter, Kidder, Trask, Holmes, Montague 



1876.] Boole-Notices. 261 

and Wilder ; also the memoir of Dr. Lewis by John H. Sheppard, which made the 
leading article in the Register for January, 1863. 

Much historical and biographical matter is preserved in the printed proceedings 
of this institution. In the issue containing its doings for December, 1873, is printed 
a communication from Col. Heard, showing "the non-sectarian religious character 
of Freemasons by adducing as evidence the denominational proclivities" of the 
chaplains of the Grand Lodge from 1796 to 1873, of which he furnished a list of 64 
clergymen of seven different denominations, who had served in that capacity, adding 
biographical sketches, more or less full, of the whole. The sketches, some of which 
are accompanied with portraits, till 230 octavo pages, and show great research in 
the author; for many of the chaplains, though prominent in their day, had but brief 
obituaries printed at their death, and the materials for their lives had to be collected 
from widely scattered sources. j. w. d. 

Essays: Historical, Literary, Educational, By William Chauncet 
Fowler, LL.D. Printed by the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co. 
Hartford. 1875. [8vo. pp. vi. and 298.] 

Dr. Fowler is too well known to the readers of the Register and to the literary 
public to need any introduction. The thirteen essays from his pen are upon the fol- 
lowing topics : The origin of the Theological School in Yale College ; the appoint- 
ment of Nathaniel William Taylor to the chair of the Dwight Professorship of 
Didactic Theology in Yale College ; report on an ecclesiastical history of Connecti- 
cut ; English universities ; obituary notice of Prof. Alexander Metcalf Fisher ; 
memoir of Rufus Woodward ; review of Silliman's chemistry ; review of Thompson's 
sermons ; the cultivation of the taste ; reading as a means of culture ; educational 
influence of libraries ; eloquence ; clergy and common schools. A considerable 
number of these essays, as we are informed, were originally published in various 
literary, educational and theological journals, and are now first collected. They 
contain much important information, acute criticism, and philosophical investiga- 
tion on a variety of subjects, and chiefly upon subjects of permanent interest. They 
undoubtedly exercised no little influence through the medium of the publications in 
which they first appeared, but it was wise to collect them into one volume, and thus 
place them within the reach of a larger class of readers. We regret that Dr. Fowler 
did not also include his admirable papers on " Local Law in Massachusetts and Con- 
necticut historically considered " (See Register, xxiv. 33-42, 137 — 146; xxv. 274: — 
284, 345-51 ; xxvi. 55-60, 284-293). The latter papers somewhat enlarged have 
been republished in a separate volume, and deserve the attention of the students of 
our political history. a. h. h. 

A History of the Origin of the Appellation Keystone State, as applied to the 
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ; together with Extracts from many au- 
thorities relative to the adoption of the Declaration of Independence by the 
Continental Congress, July 4dh, 1776. To which is appended the Mew- 
Constitution of Pennsylvania, with an Alphabetical Contents. Phila- 
delphia: Claxton, Renisen & HafFelfinger, Nos. 624, 626 and 628 Mar- 
ket street. 1874. [12mo. pp. 190.] 

From the year 1870 to the year 1874 several of the newspapers of Pennsylvania 
diligently and fervidly discussed the question of the origin of the term " Key-Stone 
State " as applied to that commonwealth. By some it was asserted that the* phrase 
took its origin in the fact, that the bridge built over Rock Creek to connect Penn- 
sylvania with Georgetown, soon after the city of Washington was laid out, con- 
tained an arch, the stones of which, named alter the States, were so arranged that 
the one representing Pennsylvania formed the key. By others, and more plausibly, 
is was claimed that the appellation had its origin in the circumstance that in the 
voting by colonies in the Continental Congress, July, 1776, upon the question of 
adopting the Declaration of Independence, there was a tie, until the vote of John 
Morton of Pennsylvania brought the majority of the delegation of that colony into 
the support of the Declaration. 

This volume reproduces the literature of the controversy above referred to ; but 
it is probable that nothing less than an " amendment " of the Federal Constitution; 
will ever settle the question. a. h. h. 

vol. xxx. 22 



262 Book-Notices. [April, 

Tlie Valentines in America, 1644 to 1874. By T. W. Valentine, Member 
of the Long-Island Historical Society. New- York : Clark & Maynard, 
Publishers, 5 Barclay Street. [8vo. pp. 247.] 

The Rawson Family. A Revised Memoir of Edward Rawson, Secretary of 
the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, from 1650 to 1686; with Genealogical 
Notices of his Descendants, including Nine Generations. By E. B. Crane. 
TMotto.] Worcester : Published by the Family. 1875. [8vo. pp. 334. 
Price $2.75.] 

Genealogy of the Odiorne Family. With Notices of other Families connected 
therewith.. By James Creighton Odiorne, M.A., Nosce parentes, 
nosce seipsum. Boston: Printed by Rand, Avery & Co. 1875. [8vo. 
pp. 222.] 

The Bulheley Family ; or the Descendants of Rev. Peter JBulkeley, who settled 
at Concord, Mass., in 1636. Compiled at the Request of Joseph E. 

Bulheley. By Rev. F. W. Chapman Hartford : The Case, 

Lockwood & Brainard Co., Printers. 1875. [8vo. pp. 289.] 

John Stoddard of Wethersfield, Conn., and his Descendants. 1642-1872. 

A Genealogy By D. Williams Patterson. Honour thy Father and 

thy Mother. Author's Edition. Printed for Private Circulation. 1873. 

[8vo. pp. 96.] 
A Genealogy of the Descendants of Peter Vilas. Compiled by C. H. Vilas". 

[Motto.] Madison, Wis.: Published by the Editor. 1875. [8vo. 

pp. 221.] 
An Account of Per civ al and Ellen Green and of Some of their Descendants* 

By Samuel Abbott Green Groton, Mass. 1876. [8vo« 

pp. 67.] 
Genealogy of the Tenney Family, more partiadarly of the Family of Daniel 

Tenney and Sylvia Kent, his wife, late of La Porte, Lorain County, Ohio. 

From 1634 and 1638 to 1875. Compiled by Horace A. Tenney. 

Madison, Wis.: M. J. Cantwell, Printer. 1875. [8vo. pp. 76.] 
Genealogy of the Warren Family, from Richard, who came in the Mayflower 

in 1620, to 1872. Albany, N. Y. : J. Munsell, State Street. 1874. 

[8vo. pp. 7.] 
A Short and General Account of the Family of People by the name of Booge, 

being so far as known the only Family of that name in the United States. 

[8vo. pp. 7.] 
History of the Cutter Family of New-England. Supplement. 1871-1874. 

Boston: Printed by David Clapp & Son. 1875. [8vo. pp. 55 (364- 

420.) Price of Supplement, 75 cts ; of History with Supplement, $3.] 
Third Supplement of the Notices of the Ellises of England, Scotland and 

Ireland, from the Conquest to the Present Time, including the Families of 

Alis, Fitz-Elys, Belles, etc. By William Smith Ellis, Esq., of the 

Middle Temple. [Arms and Motto.] London : Published bv J- R» 

Smith, 36 Soho Square. 1875. [8vo. pp. 56 (93-148). Price* Half a 

Crown.] 

The Valentines in this country belong to various stocks, concerning which Mr. 
Valentine of Brooklyn, N. Y., in the book the title of which is first given above, has 
collected much valuable and interesting material. The genealogies of several of the 
families are given from their first settlement in this country. 

Of Secretary Edward Rawson, a portrait and memoir were given in the Register 



1876.] Book-Notices. 263 

for July, 1849 (iii. 201-8), and genealogical notices of his descendants, with a por- 
trait of Rebecca Rawson in the next number (iii. 297-330). The latter article was 
principally condensed from the Rawson Genealogy, which was noticed in the same 
volume (p. 105), the materials for which were chiefly gathered by Reuben Rawson 
Dodge, though his name does not appear on the title-page. Mr. Dodge has con- 
tinued for a quarter of a century to collect materials for the genealogy of his 
mother's family, which materials we learn from the preface of Mr. Crane's book 
have been used in its compilation : but still Mr. Dodge's name does not appear on 
the title-page as a joint author. We do not think an acknowledgment of indebted- 
ness in the book itself is sufficient in such a case. We are pleased, as are many 
others who know the difficulties under which he has pursued his genealogical re- 
searches, to see a portrait and biographical sketch of Mr. Dodge in the book. Mr. 
Crane has done his work in a creditable manner. 

Mr. Odiorne, the author of the third book, was an early contributor to the Regis- 
ter, having prepared the valuable lists of Boston Ministers in our first volume. He 
is very thorough in his research, and careful and methodical in his compilations, and 
has produced a work of a high order of merit. The other families referred to in the 
title, are Stedman, Creighton, JBrackett, Meacham and Warren. 

The Rev. Mr. Chapman, author of The Bulkeley Family, was a vice-president of 
the New-England Historic, Genealogical Society from 1859 to 1865, and is the 
author of The Chapman, Pratt, Trowbridge, Buckingham and Coit Families, all 
valuable works, which have been noticed in the Register. The present work has 
the same excellent characteristics as these. We are sorry to learn that Mr. Chap- 
man has been compelled by ill health to suspend his genealogical labors. He was 
engaged on the Griswold, Bushnell, Robbins and Hooker families, the first of which 
is nearly done, the second in very good shape, and the others in different stages of 
progress. The book is for sale by the author's son, Henry A. Chapman, 12 Canton 
Street, Hartford, Conn. Price, $5 per express, or $5.24 by mail. 

Dr. Patterson, of Newark Valley, N. Y., the author of the Stoddard Genealogy, is 
a genealogist of high standing, and his work is a very thorough and satisfactory 
one. It was so far completed in 1863 that proposals were then issued for publishing 
it. " As the people were then engaged in a greater undertaking, the subscrip- 
tions," the author informs us, " reached only one fourth of the sum needed " to de- 
fray the bare cost of printing. No doubt the work is more perfect than it would 
have been had it been printed then. 

The Vilas genealogy relates to a family of comparative recent origin in this coun- 
try, the emigrant Peter Vilas having been born in England, Feb. 24, 1704. His 
son Noah was an early settler of Alstead, N. H. Their descendants are now 
scattered in different parts of the Union. 

Dr. Green, the author of the next work, prepared in 1861 an article for the Regis- 
ter on Percival and Ellen Green and their descendants, which was printed in the 
April number of that year. He has added much new matter to it, rearranged it 
and issued it in this form. A copious appendix of about forty pages, consisting 
of documents, wills, etc., some of which contain matter of much historic interest, 
adds much to the value of the work. > 

The Tenney genealogy contains one line of the descendants of Thomas Tenney who 
emigrated in 1628, from Rowley in Yorkshire to Rowley in Massachusetts. It also 
contains a brief genealogy of the Kent family, descendants of John and Sarah 
(Woodman) Kent of Newbury. Quite full biographical sketches of the several 
members of the family of Daniel and Sylvia (Kent) Tenney are given. 

The Warren pamphlet contains only one line of the descendants of the Mayflower 
" pilgrim." 

The pamphlet on the Booge family is by D. Williams Patterson, author of the 
work on the Stoddard family, noticed above. It is reprinted from the New-York 
Genealogical and Biographical Record for April, 1872. 

The History of the Cutter Family was published in 1871, and was noticed in the 
Register for July of that year (xxv. 306) . The Supplement now issued brings the 
work down to the present time. 

The Notices of the Ellises and the first and second supplements to that work, were 
noticed together in July, 1872, in this periodical (ante, xxvi. 346). The Third Sup- 
plement, now issued, is filled with interesting genealogical matter. Mr. Ellis is the 
author of " The Antiquities of Heraldry," a valuable work published in London, 
in 1869. 

Portraits, views and other engravings add to the attractions of most of the 
volumes noticed in this article. j. w. d. 



264 Book-Notices. [April, 

History of the Town of Rindge, New -Hampshire, from the date of the Rowley 
Canada or Massachusetts Charter to the Present Time, 1736-1874, with 
a Genealogical Register of the Rindge Families. By Ezra S. Stearns. 
[Motto.] Boston: Press of George H. Ellis. 1875. [8vo. pp. 788.] 

This is an excellent book in ever}' respect — literary, artistic and mechanical. If 
we were asked to select a model for a town history, we know of no book that we 
should recommend in preference to this. The town has done nobly ; and it has had 
the good fortune to secure the services of one who not only has a just and clear 
idea of what a town history should be, but also has the ability to reduce his ideas 
to practice. Mr. Stearns is a practised writer, the master of an agreeable and 
effective style, besides being a persevering collector of facts and a careful scrutinizer 
of them. 

After an introductory chapter devoted to the hills, water-courses, lakes, fish, 
animals, arboreal products, scenery, &c, of this locality, the author gives a history 
of the Canada Expedition of 1690, which occasioned the first grant of this township. 
To defray the expenses of this expedition, Massachusetts issued the first paper money 
circulated in New-England. This money depreciated, and, as a tardy compensation 
to the soldiers for their loss, they or their heirs, nearly half a century later, were 
granted several townships of land which were named from the localities to which 
the soldiers chiefly belonged, Dorchester Canada (Ashburnham), Ipswich Canada 
(Winchendon), Rowley Canada (Rindge), &c. ; the last-named being the subject of 
the book under review. The grant, however, was soon rendered void by the new 
line run, in 1741, between the two provinces, which transferred Rowley Canada 
from Massachusetts to New-Hampshire. A second grant was obtained, in 1749, 
from the Masonian proprietors, as one of the Monadnock townships, this being 
numbered one. These transactions are fully detailed by Mr. Stearns. The town 
was incorporated by the province of New-Hampshire in 1768. 

The arrangement of the book is mainly chronological, though certain topics are 
treated separately, as schools, sacred music, manufactures, &c. The author furnishes 
a graphic narrative of the events in that town, which for a time held a frontier 
position, and was the witness to many exciting scenes. He paints a faithful picture 
of the life passed there, thus furnishing a valuable contribution to the history of the 
people of New-England. 

The revolutionary history of the town is unusually complete, containing the 
names of the soldiers, the duration and character of their services, list of casualties, 
and a general account of the home experiences of the inhabitants of the town. 

This agricultural and far from wealthy town, though incorporated but little over a 
century ago, and having had at no time a population much in excess of one thou- 
sand, has furnished to New-England and the nation some of their most enterprising 
and talented citizens. «It was the birthplace of at least two persons whose influence 
has extended beyond the nation : — the Rev. Edward Payson, D.D., of Portland, Me., 
the eloquent and pious divine, whose fervent utterances are household words; and 
the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, president of the New-England Historic, Genealogical 
Society, who has won an enviable reputation in literature, politics and the science 
of agriculture. Of the latter gentleman, one of the most competent European 
authorities declares that "by his careful researches and experiments" he has "laid 
the horticulturists of all nations under heavy obligations." 

The genealogical portion of the work fills 357 pages — nearly half the book. It 
shows thorough research, and must have cost the author a vast amount of labor. It 
is clearly arranged, the plan being similar to that used by Dr. Bond in his Genealo- 
gies and History of Watertown, and the dates are full and precise. The ancestry of 
not a few.of the settlers of Rindge are briefly carried back to the earliest families of 
their name in New-England. These genealogies contain much valuable information 
not previously published, and will be of exceeding interest to many persons of the 
same family names whose ancestors have not been residents of thi3 town. 

The book is elegantly printed, and is illustrated with a view of the second meeting- 
house, built in 1796, and steel portraits of the Hon. Marshall P. Wilder, the Rev. 
Amos W. Burnham, D.D., Col. Ezekiel Jewett, Dr. Ira Russell, Samuel Burn ham, 
A.M., Samuel L. Wilder, Thomas Ingalls, Joshua Converse, Eliphalet Hale and 
Harry Hale, Esquires, the Hon. Erastus Rugg and Thomas Sherwin, A.M. 

The author (E. S. Stearns, Rindge, N. H.) will send the book by express on 
receipt of $4, or for $4.60 if sent by mail. Natives of Rindge, and all others whose 
interest in the town leads them to wish to assist in meeting the expense of publi- 
cation, are advised to send for several copies. J. w. d. 



1876.] Booh-JSFotices. 265 

The Town of Hingham in the late Civil War, with Sketches of its Soldiers 
and Sailors, also the Address and other Exercises at the Dedication of 
the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument. Prepared by Fearing Burr and 
George Lincoln. Published by order of the Town. 1876. [8vo. 
pp. 455.] 

This is a very handsome volume from the press of Rand, Avery & Co., of Boston, 
and is a noble tribute, by the town of Hingham, to the memory of its soldiers and 
sailors who lost their lives in the war of the Rebellion. It comprises nineteen 
chapters, and an Appendix, with two indexes. The volume contains very full 
and interesting accounts of the action of the town and its citizens, including the 
ladies, during the war, — a detailed and carefully prepared record of the services 
and sacrifices of its soldiers and sailors, — and well-written biographical sketches of 
those who gave their lives to their country. 

The whole matter is methodically arranged by the compilers, and shows excellent 
taste and a warm and patriotic interest in their work. The chapter giving a history 
of the Lincoln Light Infantry is well written and especially interesting. 

The committee who performed the agreeable duty of erecting the monument to 
the soldiers and sailors in the Hingham Cemetery, were authorized by the town to 
publish an account of its dedication, including the address of Solomon Lincoln, with 
a record of its soldiers and sailors. The Monument Committee delegated their au- 
thority to prepare the work to Mr. Burr and Mr. Lincoln, two very competent per- 
sons for the task. 

The volume is embellished by a view of the graceful monument, engraved por- 
traits of Abraham Lincoln and John Albion Andrew, with a sketch of the life of the 
former by Arthur Lincoln, and of the latter by John Davis Long. 

We regard the work as a very important contribution to the history of Hingham, 
— an honor to the town and to the committee who prepared it. 

Communicated by the Hun. Solomon Lincoln. 

Transcripts of Original Documents in the English Archives relating to the 
Early History of the State of Neiv- Hampshire. Edited by John Scribner 
Jenness. New-York: Privately Printed. 1876. [Royal 8 vo. pp. 161.] 

Nothing is more certain than that our standard local histories, written near the 
close of the last century, must be laid aside as defective ; that the venerable names 
of Hutchinson, Belknap, Trumbull and others, must no longer be our guides to the 
history of past times. This is lamentable and inevitable. The narratives of these 
historical writers cannot be relied on when we know that only part of the documen- 
tary history of the period, they essayed to write, was before them. Down to the 
epoch of our national independence, the Provinces and Colonies were politically 
and commercially united with the mother country. In consequence of this the rec- 
ords of public transactions found appropriate lodgment in two places, namely, in 
our domestic archives and in the English archives. The documentary evidence oi 
a single transaction being thus divided, necessitates an examination of both archive;- 
in order to gain a full and accurate view of it. Our early writers had neither the 
means nor the leisure to go abroad for this purpose ; they contented themselves with 
what they could find at home. The histories of Dr. Palfrey and of Mr. Bancroft, 
which are supplanting our older histories, derive their great merit from the respec- 
tive writers' examination ol the foreign archives, and thereby obtaining a full view 
of characters and events. 

What was true of our early historians is true to-day of many persons whose in- 
clinations and fitness qualify them for historical research, but whose means and 
leisure do not authorize their going abroad for this purpose. This fact has been 
recognized by one of our State Governments. JSew-York, with an enlightened liber- 
ality that does her the highest honor, has collected from foreign archives all that 
bears, in any way, on her past history, and placed the same before her citizens in 
printed volumes. When other states have done likewise they may expect to have 
their history fully and thoroughly written. 

It should seem to be the appropriate function of our national government to gather 
from foreign archives whatever relates to the history of the States, or even North 
America. One would think that our national vanity would not only prompt sucl 
action, but would execute it. The mere drippings of an Indian Bureau, or of a f'ai 
vol. xxix. 21* 



266 Book-Notices. [April, 

trading-post, diverted to this object for a year or two, would defray the charge, and 
do honor to the intelligence and enterprise of the nation. Our ministers and consuls 
ought to have knowledge enough to qualify them to direct an examination of the 
archives of the government to which they are accredited. England has distinguished 
herself by the zeal and the liberality which she has shown in this worthy undertak- 
ing. The materials for her history from the earliest times are now within the 
realm, or fast coming in. 

But private enterprise and liberality have now begun to do what the public should. 
Here is a printed volume of 161 pages, large octavo, containing documents copied 
from originals in the English archives, relating to New-Hampshire, during the first 
sixty years of that settlement, not more than two or three of which have ever been 
in print ; and except a few in manuscript in the hands of the writer, not one was 
ever before on this side of the Atlantic. How this volume would have gladdened the 
eyes and heart of the venerable Dr. Belknap, the historian of that state ! It is quite 
impossible in this brief notice to give a just idea of the real contents of this volume. 
Every document is of a public character, relating directly or indirectly to public 
men and events of this early period. All, or nearly all, the official correspondence 
of Lieut. -Governor Cranfield is here, and a rich development it is. The map 
in this volume, giving a view of the maritime parts of Maine and New-Hamp- 
shire, supposed to have been made as early as 1655, is of great interest and value. 
This map, found in the English archives, seems to have escaped the notice of all our 
historical investigators, and to have been unnoticed for more than two centuries. 
It is a precious document, and is calculated to throw much light on the progress of 
settlement in those parts. The recent discovery and recovery, by Mr. Thornton, of 
the Trelawney Papers, strengthens the probability that Gorges and Mason's papers, 
so much wanted, may yet be found. Their recovery would throw a flood of light 
over the early settlements of Maine and New-Hampshire. 

Mr. Jenness, the editor of this volume, is already known as the author of a His- 
torical Sketch of the Isles of Shoals, a work of acknowledged merit. His interest 
in the history of New-Hampshire, and his appreciation of materials required for 
writing historj'-, led him to make this collection of documents, and to print them, at 
his own expense. He could hardly have done a wiser thing, or one more certain to 
gain for him the gratitude of all historical students, now and hereafter. Hutchinson 
made a collection of similar state papers, chiefly relating to Massachusetts, and 
printed them more than a hundred years ago. This collection is more widely known 
than his history, excellent as it is ; and it is destined to outlive that great work, 
the labor of so many years. No future discovery and no lapse of time can possibly 
lessen the value of such a collection of historical documents as Mr. Jenness has 
made and given to the public. C. W. Tuttle. 

History of the First Church in Springfield. An Address delivered June 22, 
1875. With an Appendix. By Henry Morris. With Portraits and 
Illustrations. Published by Request. Springfield, Mass.: Whitney & 
Adams. 1875. [12mo. pp. 60.] 

1636-1875. Early History of Springfield. An Address delivered October 
16, 1875, on the Two Hundredth Anniversary of the Burning of the Town 
by the Indians. By Henry Morris. With an Appendix. Springfield, 
Mass.: F. W. Morris, Publisher. 1876. [12mo. pp. 85.] 

Account of the Centennial Celebration of the Town of West Springfield, 
Mass., Wednesday, March 25th, 1874, with the Historical Address of 
Thomas E. Vermilye, D.D., LL.D., the Poem of Mrs. Ellen P. Champion, 
and other Facts and Speeches. Compiled by J. N. Bagg. Published by 
Vote of the Town. 1874. [8vo. pp. 144.] 

Springfield was organized as a town, May 14, 1636, and West Springfield was set 
off from it and incorporated Feb. 23, 1774 ; but no complete history of either town 
has been published. We are glad, therefore, to see the present contributions to the 
history of towns so rich in historical associations as these. 

The late Hon. Oliver B. Morris, who died in 1871 {ante, xxiv. 337), on the 25th of 
May, 1836, delivered at Springfield an address commemorative of the 200th anni- 



1876.] 



Boole-Notices. 267 



versary of the settlement of that town, which address, though never printed, we 
learn is still preserved in manuscript ; and the late Hon. Charles Stearns {ante, xiii. 
187 ; xiv. 192), is said to have made at the time of his death, in 1860, considerable 
progress on a work entitled, " Historical Collections relative to Springfield." Of 
printed historical literature, we may refer to the Century Sermon of the Rev. Robert 
Breck, pastor of the First Church, preached Oct. 16, 1775, and printed at Hartford 
in 1784 ; the address of the Hon. George Bliss, March 24, 1828, on the opening of 
the town-hall, at Springfield, containing sketches of the early history of the town, 
which was printed the same year ; the 20 pages which Holland, in the second 
volume of his " History of Western Massachusetts," devotes to Springfield, and 
the 8 pages which Barber devotes to it in his " Historical Collections " of Massa- 
chusetts. 

In West Springfield the Rev. Joseph Lathrop, D.D., preached a Century Sermon, 
August 25, 1796, and the Rev. William B. Sprague, D.I)., on the annual thanksgiv- 
ing, Dec. 2, 1824, preached a historical discourse, both of which were printed. Hol- 
land and Barber also give something about the town. 

The above are the principal historical productions relative to the two towns. 
Large portions of their records, however, have been printed in the Register (ante, 
ix. 170 ; xviii. 82, 142 ; xix. 61, 249; xxix. 54, 146, 283 ; xxx. 50, 194). 

Judge Morris, the author of the first two books whose titles we give, is a son of 
the Hon. Oliver B. Morris, and has had the benefit of the historical collections made 
by his father ; while his own tastes and studies qualify him for the work he under- 
takes. In the history of the first, and for a long time the only church in Spring- 
field, much of the history of the town necessarily appears. VVe have in the two 
books, with their appendixes of documents, &c, a succinct account of the early and 
many of the later events in the town. 

The book on the Centennial Celebration at West Springfield, besides the address 
of the Rev. Dr. Vermilye and the poem of Mrs. Champion, contains the speeches 
and letters, in whole or part, at the Centennial Dinner ; and an appendix of 50 
pages, which, besides copies of documents, furnishes lists of the various officers of 
the town, with their terms of service, from its incorporation in 1774 to the present 
time; genealogies of the families of Ashley, Bagg, Bliss, Champion, Chapin, Coo- 
ley, Day, Ely, Lathrop, Parsons, Rogers, Smith, Stebbins, Wade, and White; 
reminiscences of old people, and other interesting matters. The three books are 
illustrated by portraits and other engravings. The portraits engraved by Thomas 
Chubbuck, of Springfield, will compare favorably with those by any of our artists. 

J. W. D. 

Cyclopaedia of American Literature : Embracing Personal and Critical 
Notices of Authors and Selections from their Writings, from the Earliest 
Period to the Present Day ; with Portraits, Autographs, and other Illustra- 
tions. By Evert A. Duyckinck and George L. Duyckinck, Edited 
to Date by M. Laird Simons. In Two Volumes. Philadelphia, New 
York and London : T. Ellwood Zell. 1875. 4to. Vol. I. pp. xxii. and 
990 ; Vol. II. pp. xiv. and 1054. 

The Cyclopaedia of American Literature has already been noticed in the Register 
(xx. 189) ; but, had not this been the case, the work has been too long before the 
public to need a formal introduction now. The twenty years which have passed 
since its first issue have each added to its reputation, and it is now recognized as a 
standard work, indispensable to the library of every person of culture. 

The preparation of the book was undertaken at the suggestion of the well known 
New- York publisher, Charles Scribner, — to whom we suppose the public is indebted 
for the magazine which bears his name, — and was intended to do for the literature 
of America what the Cyclopaedia of English Literature, by Chambers, had done for 
that of the mother country. The first edition appeared in the latter part of the year 
1855. 

Ten years later, in 1865, Evert A. Duyckinck, the senior author of the work, — 
his brother George L. Duyckinck, the junior author, having died in 1803, — super- 
intended the revision of the plates of the original work and prepared a Supplement. 
The whole was issued in that year in two volumes. This edition was noticed in the 
Register, as before stated. 

A few years ago, Mr. Scribner, who owned the plates and copyright, died ; and 



268 Book-Notices. [April, 

in 1872, they passed into the hands of William Rutter & Co., of Philadelphia. Mr. 
Duyckinck was solicited to undertake a second revision, but his engagements would 
not permit him to do so. The work was then, with the approval, we think, of Mr. 
Duyckinck, placed in the hands of M. Laird Simons, of Philadelphia, whose name 
appears on the title-page as editor of this edition. 

Mr. Simons has brought together the matter relating to the same author in the 
original work and in the supplement ; and has arranged the whole chronologically, 
adding to the sketches when necessary and introducing new ones, thus bringing 
the work down to the present time. This labor, — which has been greatly increased 
by the decision of the publishers to use the old plates, properly revised, as far as 
practicable, — has been performed in a very satisfactory manner. Mr. Simons de- 
serves great praise for the taste, judgment, skill and industry shown in this work. 
The additions of Mr. Simons are properly and clearly indicated. 

We are told in the preface of Mr. Simons that Mr. Duyckinck has given " advice 
in the preparation of this edition, approved the list of new authors introduced, and 
generously looked over the plate-proofs ;" and that he has " cordially endorsed the 
method of its execution, which sought to give a clear narrative of what American 
authors have done to the year 1873, without censorious or laudatory criticism." 

The previous editions have appeared in two royal octavo volumes. This edition 
is elegantly printed in quarto form, and is published by subscription in fifty-two 
numbers at fifty cents each. The numbers are each illustrated by a fine steel 
portrait. 

The index is a model one, very full and minute, besides which an excellent table 
of contents is given. Both have been thoroughly revised. These add much to the 
value of the work as a book of reference. J. w. d. 

Coasting Voyages in the Gulf of Mai?ie, made in the Tear 1604, 5 and 6, by 
Samuel Champlain ; A Paper read at the Winter Meeting of the Maine 
Historical Society in Portland, Feb. 18, 1875. By Gen. John Marshall 
Brown, of Falmouth. Bath : Printed by E. Upton & Son. 1875. 
[8vo. pp. 24.] 

Gen. Brown, in this paper, details the explorations of Champlain on the coasts of 
Maine, in the years named in the title, and identifies some important places which 
that navigator visited. He clears up points that were obscure in our historical 
writers from their relying not on the 1613 edition of Champlain's voyages, but upon 
the patch-work edition of that work published in 1632, and upon tescarbot who 
was "not particularly friendly to Champlain." 

American State Universities, their Origin and Progress. A History of 
Congressional University Land- Grants. A Particular Account of the 
Rise and Development of the University of Michigan, and Hints towards 
the Future of the American University System. By Andrew Ten 
Brook. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co. 1875. [8vo. pp. viii. and 
410.] 

The contents of this interesting and instructive volume consist of a sketch of the 
early progress of higher education in the Atlantic States ; the state of culture in 
the West at the commencement of the land-grant policy, and subsequently ; con- 
gressional land-grants for universities ; Michigan's early condition as to culture and 
education ; early organization for higher education in Michigan and their contem- 
porary events ; grant of the present university fund and its administration by the 
board of trustees ; organization of the school system and administration of the 
endowment fund ; the branches — rise of union schools ; preparations for the opening 
of the university at Ann Arbor and the actual organization of its working forces ; 
review of the period from 1844 to 1852 ; President Tappan's administration ; Presi- 
dent Haven's administration, and thence to the present time; conclusion of the 
history of the University of Michigan ; the prospective university, &c. 

Michigan University has had an eventful and unique history, which affords 
abundant materials for study for all who are interested in Higher Education, and 
especially for those who advocate or are opposed to colleges or universities under 
State control. 



1876.] Boole-Notices. 269 

Professor Ten Brook is amply qualified by his long connection with Michigan 
University to write its history, and it is presumed that he has given the facts fully 
and impartially. The record, upon the whole, is not favorable to the project of a 
State University. 

The chapter which will most profit the reader, is that in which the author dis- 
cusses the "prospective university." 

The work is a valuable contribution to the literature and history of the subject, 
and will, no doubt, be widely read. a. h. h. 

Genealogical History of Deacon Stephen Hart and his Descendants, 1632- 
1875. With an Introduction of miscellaneous Harts and their Progenitors, 
as far as known ; to which is added a list of all the Clergy of the name 
found, all the Physicians, all the Lawyers, the Authors, and Soldiers. By 
Alfred Andrews, New-Britain, Conn., member of Connecticut and 
Wisconsin Historical Societies, author of " History of New-Britain, 
Conn.," " Andrews' Memorial," and " Pedigree of the Harts." Published 
by Austin Hart, Esq., New-Britain, Conn. Hartford : The Case, Lock- 
wood & Brainard Co., Printers. 1875. [8vo. pp. 606. To be had of 
the Compiler at his residence. Price, $4.00.] 

This handsomely printed volume contains the American genealogy of an influen- 
tial and numerous family, which includes a large number of men and women of 
eminence and merit in letters and in the several professions. The American pro- 
genitor, Stephen Hart, was born in Braintree, Essex, England, about the year 1605, 
and is supposed to have settled first in Braintree, Mass., about 1632. He was a 
deacon of Mr. Hooker's church in (Newtown) Cambridge, and it is probable he set- 
tled there as early as 1632. In 1635 he removed to Hartford, Conn., with Mr. 
Hooker's company ; was a proprietor there in 1639, and became one of the eighty- 
four proprietors of Farmington, Conn., in 1672. He was one of the "pillars" of 
the church in the latter place, and held important offices in the colony. 

The collection of the materials of this work was begun by Deacon Simeon Hart, 
of Farmington, who died in 1853. The work was still further prosecuted by the 
late Rev. William S. Porter, of Farmington (and later of New-Haven), and, after 
his death, was taken up by Mr. Alfred Andrews, assisted by Mr. Gad Andrews, of 
Southington. The experience of the Messrs. Andrews in genealogical investigations 
enabled them to use the materials, already secured by themselves and others, to 
the best advantage in still more extended researches. The result is the admirable 
compilation before us. It is a plain, straight-forward and condensed compilation 
of names and dates, with a fair proportion of biography. 

The Introduction contains an interesting catalogue or the names of the English 
and American authors and other prominent members of the family, and a list of 
those of the name who have served in the wars in this country. The index of names 
is constructed upon the novel and convenient plan of arranging the christian names 
of the heads of families (male or female) in alphabetical order, and the figures 
indicating the page of the volume where they are to be found, with the names of 
their parents and grandparents, in parallel columns. 

The volume is illustrated with portraits of Deacon Simeon Hart, Mrs. Emma 
Hart Willard, Mrs. Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps, Prof. John S. Hart, LL.D., Lewis 
Austin Hart, Austin Hart, Esq., Hon. Alphonso Hart, and Benjamin Franklin 
Hart, M.D. a. h. h. 

The Report of the Council of the American Antiquarian Society, made 
October 21, 1875, at Worcester. By Samuel A. Green, M.D. Wor- 
cester: Charles Hamilton, Printer, Palladium Office. 1876. [8vo. pp. 
19.] 

The meetings of the Antiquarian Society are held semi-annually. At each of 
these meetings the Council makes a report upon the condition of the society, which 
contains notices of deceased members and a statement of what its members have 
done for literature during the preceding half year. The report at the annual 
meeting in 1875 was written by Dr. Green, of Boston, and is a very able document. 
It closes with some eloquent remarks suggested by the centenary of the opening of 
the revolution. j. w. d. 



270 Book-Notices. [April, 

The History of Maine, from the Earliest Discovery of the Region by the 

Northmen until the Present Time By John S. C. Abbott. 

Illustrated. Boston : Published by B. B. Russell, 55 Cornhill. 

Portland: John Russell. 1875. [8vo. pp. 556.] 

An Illustrated History of the State of Wisconsin, being a Complete Civil, 
Political and Military History of the State from its First Exploration 

down to 1875 By Charles R. Tuttle Published 

by B. B. Russell, Boston, Mass. Madison, Wis.: B. B. Russell & Co. 
1875. [8vo. pp. 800.] 

These two volumes, issued by the same publisher, are histories of two of the states 
of our union, one at the east and the other at the west ; the former being among the 
earliest settled, and the latter among the latest. We understand that Mr. Russell 
has in preparation, by competent writers, the histories of New- York and Pennsyl- 
vania, uniform with these. 

Mr. Abbott, the author of the History of Maine, is well known as a writer. His 
Memoirs of Napoleon and his histories of the French Revolution and the Civil War 
in America, published by the Harpers, as well as other works of his, have had a wide 
sale. He was born in Maine and educated at her principal college, and this work, 
we may well believe, has been " a labor of love." It is not his object " to search 
out discoveries which have hitherto eluded the scrutiny of antiquarians or to settle 
disputed questions which have arisen in reference to minute details in early days ;" 
but to " give a faithful and graphic record of the wondrous past," that " will be 
read with interest at every fireside." The work includes " a narrative of the voyage3 
and explorations of the early adventurers, the manners and customs of the Indian 
tribes, the hardships of the first settlers, the conflicts with the savages, and the 
gradual advancement of the State to its present aspect of opulence, culture and 
refinement." 

Mr. Tuttle, the author of the history of Wisconsin, has written several " Illus- 
trated Histories," namely, of the States of Indiana and Michigan, and of the Border 
Wars of Two Centuries. He has here brought together a great amount of historical 
information relating to Wisconsin. Particular attention is paid to the biography 
of her public men, many of the memoirs being accompanied by portraits. The 
author gives a " Cyclopaedia of Legislation during the administration of each 

fovernor, from the organization of the territorial government down to Governor 
'aylor," whose term of office expired last January ; also " historical and descriptive 
sketches of each county in the state, separately embracing interesting narratives of 
pioneer life, including an account of the commercial, agricultural and educational 
growth of Wisconsin." j. w. d. 

The Battle-Field of Bunker Hill: with a Relation of the Action by William 
Prescott, and Illustrative Documents. A Paper communicated to the 
Massachusetts' Historical Society, June 10, 1875, wdth Additions. By 
Richard Frothingham. Boston: Printed for the Author. 1876. 
[Pamphlet, 8vo. pp. 46.] 

The centennial of the battle of Bunker Hill, so called, caused the public attention 
to be freshly and particularly directed to the details of the history of that event. 
The attention of not a few historical students has also been called to the same sub- 
ject. Consequently, we have the benefit of several interesting and able publica- 
tions, more or less elaborate and valuable, from their pens. Some of these are 
mainly devoted to a re-statement of the claims of different officers to the rightful 
honor or title of commander in that battle. So far, however, we do not see any- 
thing that materially adds to or modifies the history of the battle as it was given in 
"The History of the Siege of Boston," by the same author. 

At the meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society, held on the 10th of June 
last, Mr. Frothingham exhibited all the maps, drawings, pictures, &c, of Charles- 
town, and of the scene of the battle, which he had been able to collect, — a large num- 
ber, — which he explained. He called special attention to the " Plan of the Action," 
by "Lieutenant Page of the Engineers, who acted as aide-de-camp to General 
Howe" in that action, the ground-plan of which was from an actual survey by 



1876.] Book-Notices. 271 

Captain Montresor, subsequently an aide-de-camp to General Howe. This plan was 
obtained by Mr. Frothingham some thirty years ago in England. It was re-produced 
in the "Siege of Boston," but seems to have failed to have such weight as it de- 
serves. The author shows, from a variety of sources, how the main features of this 
plan are confirmed by evidence drawn from British and American actors in the bat- 
tle, and from other contemporary sources. If it is conceded, as we think it must be 
now, that this plan is correct, or even substantially correct, its bearing upon some 
of the contested questions that have grown out of the battle will be quickly recog- 
nized by all who are familiar with the literature of the subject. 

We have here also, for the first time in print, the account of the battle by Judge 
William Prescott, the son of Colonel Prescott. It is quite different from what, in 
a late account of the battle, is called " The Prescott Manuscript." It is accompanied 
by an important letter written by Judge Prescott to the late Col. Samuel Swett. 

In addition to these papers, the author prints the following letters : from James 
Warren to John Adams (June 20, 1775), James Warren to Samuel Adams (June 
21), Lieut. Samuel B. Webb to Silas Deane (July 11), Extracts from the Diary of 
Col. Eph. Storrs, of Mansfield, Conn, (from June 1 to June 17, inclusive), William 
Williams, of Lebanon, Conn., to Roger Sherman and others, delegates in Congress 
(June 20), Loammi Baldwin to Mary Baldwin (June 18), from J. R. Adan (Boston, 
Dec. 21, 1841), and a copy of a letter from Brig. Gen. Jones, Colonel of the 52d 
Regiment (Boston, June 19, 1775). 

The text is illustrated with views of Charlestown, taken in 1743 and 1775, and 
with a heliotype fac-simile of General Lafayette's speech at his reception on Bunker 
Hill in 1824. 

This is a valuable addition to our centennial literature. a. h. h. 

Bibliotheca Munselliana. A Catalogue of the Boohs and Pamphlets issued 
from the Press of Joel Munsell, from the year 1828 to 1870. Albany : 
Privately Printed. 1872. [8vo. pp. 191.] 

No. 93. First Printed 1784. Webster's Almanac or the Albany Almanac 
for the Year of our Lord 1876 By Joel Munsell. Astro- 
nomical Calculations for the Latitude and Longitude of Albany, by 

Frank Munsell Albany, N. Y. : J. Munsell, State Street. 

1876. [12mo. pp. 36.] 

The New-England Primer Improved For the more easy Attaining the True 
Reading of English. To which is Added The Assembly of Divines, and 
Mr. Cotton's Catechism. Albany: Joel Munsell. 1875. [24mo. pp. 80.] 

The first title is that of a bibliographical list of the works printed by our American 
Aldus, whose unselfish labors for the preservation of the historical literature of our 
country, have long been conspicuous. Mr. Munsell did not commence business for 
himself till 1834 ; but, in 1828, while a clerk in a bookstore, he published for three 
months a semi-monthly paper called the " Albany Minerva." In the present volume 
he gives the titles of the works printed by him, the size, number of pages in each 
volume, and frequently the number of copies in the edition. Occasionally he inserts 
memoranda about the author or the book, so interesting that we regret that they 
are not more frequent. At this time, when associations and individuals are making 
up their records as contributions to the centennial literature, we would suggest to 
Mr. Munsell that he continue his bibliography to the present time, and prefix to it 
reminiscences of his printer-life. 

Webster's Almanac for 1876 is the thirty-third published by Mr. Munsell, and the 
thirty-fifth printed by him. In 1844, the publishers of this almanac, which had 
then been printed 60 years, finding the circulation gradually decreasing, concluded 
to abandon the publication. " L made them," says Mr. Munsell, " the proposition 
to continue it as long as I should live, although its sale might entirely cease, so that 
I should need but a single copy for myself; and to pay them a royalty for the title 

of a certain number of copies each year during their lives I found an 

immediate sale for about twenty thousand copies." 

The edition of the New-England Primer whose title is given, is an exact reprint 



272 Book-JSTotices. [April, 

of the 1777 edition printed at Boston by Edward Draper ; with a preface by Mr. 
Munsell. The first edition of the Primer was printed as early as 1690, but though 
a call for information concerning early editions was made in the .Register for 1849 
(ante, iii. 211), none earlier than 1761 (ante, x. 184) has been reported as extant. 
There must have been numerous and large editions printed before this, and it is dif- 
ficult to believe that they have all disappeared. Will our readers hunt in the by- 
places for a copy of an earlier date? j. w. d. 

The Descendants of Joseph Loomis, who came from Braintree, England, in 
the year 1638, and Settled in Windsor, Connecticut, in 1639. By Elias 
Loomis, LL.D., Professor of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy in 
Yale College. Second Edition, revised and enlarged. New-Haven : 
Tnttle, Morehouse and Taylor, 221 State Street. 1875. [8vo. pp. 611. 
To be had of the Compiler. Price, $5.00.] 

In announcing this work on the cover of the Register for July, 1875, we gave a 
pretty full statement of its contents. It i6 proper, however, to say here that this 
enlarged edition of the Loomis Genealogy contains the record of 8,686 persons, all 
having the family name, whose descent is traced from Joseph Loomis, of Windsor, 
besides a list of 4,682 persons who have intermarried with them, or a total of 13,368 
names. The work has full and convenient indexes, is printed on superfine paper, 
and is illustrated with three portraits, viz. : of Rev. Hubbel Loomis (in his 96th 
year) , James C. Loomis, and Prof. Loomis, the compiler. The edition is limited to 
200 copies. 

The reputation of Prof. Loomis is a sufficient guaranty of the accuracy and 
thoroughness of this work. a. h. h. 

Life and Public Services of Henry WUsoji, late Vice-President of the United 
States. By Rev. Elias Nason, author of " Life of Charles Sumner," 
" Gazetteer of Massachusetts," etc. etc., and Hon. Thomas Russell, late 

Collector, Port of Boston Boston : Published by B. B. Russell, 

55 Cornbill. Philadelphia : Quaker City Publishing House. San Fran- 
cisco : A* L. Bancroft. Portland : John Russell. 1876. [12mo. pp. 452.] 

In 1872, on the first appearance of this work, we noticed it in the Register (ante, 
xxvi. 451). Since then Mr. Wilson has been elected to the second office in the gift 
of the people of the United States, from which office in November last he was re- 
moved by death. 

The Rev. Mr. Nason, since the death of Mr. Wilson, has completed the biography 
of his friend and former parishioner ; and we have now a reliable and well-written 
narrative of the whole life of one of the most devoted philanthropists and far-seeing 
statesmen which this country has produced. " So far," says his biographer, " as a 
living sympathy with man as man, so far as a life unselfishly devoted to the sons of 
toil and suffering, so far as the daily exemplification of the ennobling principles of 
Christianity, may be regarded, he has made a record that will hold its brightness 
when the memories of men more brilliant in exterior graces shall have passed into 
oblivion." J. w. d. 

History of the Chippewa Valley, a Faithful Record of all Important Events, 
Incidents and Circumstances that have transpired in the Valley of the Chip- 
pewa from its Earliest Settlement by White People, Indian Treaties, 
Organization of the Territory and State ; also of the Counties embracing 
the Valley, Senatorial Assembly and Congressional Districts, fyc. Also a 
brief Biographical Sketch of the most Prominent Persons in the Settlement 
of the Valley. By Thomas E. Randall. 1875. Free Press Print, 
Eau Claire, Wis. [8vo. pp. 207.] 

This work was first published in the Eau Claire Free Press, where it met with so 
favorable a reception that it has been reprinted in a more permanent form. The 
title-page furnishes a good idea of the contents of the volume. j. w. d. 



1876.] Book-Notices. 273 

Documents and Records relating to the State of New-Hampshire during the 
Period of the American Revolution, from 177G to 1783 ; including the 
Constitution of New-Hampshire, 1776; New-Hampshire Declaration for 
Independence ; the " Association Test," with Names of Signers, &c. ; 
Declaration of American Independence, July 4, 1776; the Articles of 
Confederation, 1778. Published by Authority of the Legislature of 
New-Hampshire. Volume VIII. pompiled and Edited by Nathaniel 
Bouton, D.D., Corresponding Secretary of the New-Hampshire His- 
torical Society. Concord, N. H. : Edward A. Jenks, State "Printer. 
1874. [8vo. pp. xxviii. and 1006.] 

We have so often called attention to the series of State Papers which are being 
issued under the wise liberality and prudent forecast of the legislature of New- 
Hampshire, that but little further notice of this volume seems called for than to 
give the title-page in full. It will be seen, however, that this volume is a continua- 
tion of documents and papers relating to New-Hampshire after it assumed govern- 
ment and took the name of Colony and then of Stale of New-Hampshire. The 
colonial period lasted for about one year. The Constitution adopted by the people 
of this State in 1776, was the first that was adopted by any colony or state in the 
Union. 

Not the least valuable portion of the present volume is that which gives the 
names of those who subscribed and of those who for various reasons refused to 
subscribe to the "Association Test,' 1 or Declaration of Independence of New- 
Hampshire, adopted in " Committee of Safety," April 12, 1776. The language of 
the Test is as follows : We, the Subscribers, do hereby solemnly engage, and promise, 
that we will, to the utmost of our Power, at the Risque of our Lives and Fortunes, 
with Arms, oppose the Hostile Proceedings of the British Fleets and Armies against 
the United American Colonies. 8,199 persons signed this test or declaration, and 773 
refused to sign. The aggregate is understood to represent very nearly the total 
number of male inhabitants of the colony above the age of twenty-one years in 1776. 

Another volume in continuation is promised. a. h. h. 

A History of the Character and Achievements of Christopher Columbus. 
By Aaron Goodrich. * * # With numerous Illustrations and an 
Appendix. New-York: D. Appleton and Company, 549 and 551 Broad- 
way. 1874. [8vo. pp. viii. and 403. A. Williams fy Co., Boston.^ 

The author of this work, who resides in St. Paul, Minn., and is, we believe, an 
active member of the historical society of that State, undertakes "to sink the so- 
called Christopher Columbus to his just level in the estimation of posterity, and 
raise to theirs those of his contemporaries whose fame was sacrificed to create the 
fictitious glory with which he has been endowed.' 1 — (Preface, vii.) To this end, by 
great research and study, he has brought together the substance of all that can be 
found in original documents and papers, — by no means neglecting the writings of 
Columbus and his sons, — that tend to show that the former was a knave and an 
impostor, and that he is entitled to little credit for his alleged discoveries. To 
Americus Vespucius the author ascribes the highest praise, both for his discoveries 
and his private virtues. The weight of authority at the present day ascribes the 
greatest credit to Vespucius. 

Introductory to the History of Columbus, is an essay upon the learning of the 
ancients. Much curious and instructive matter is here brought together. 

The work is handsomely printed, and illustrated with engravings, among which 
are several portraits of Columbus. a. h. h. 

1824-1874. God's Work in the World the last Fifty Tears. A Discourse 
preached at Franklin, Indiana, November 29, 1874. By Joseph F. 
Tuttle, D.D., President of Wabash College. [12mo. pp. 33.] 

In this discourse President Tuttle dwells upon the wonderful changes that half a 
century has made in the world, particularly in the western portion of the United 
States, and eloquently enforces the duties of the present generation. 

vol. xxx. 23 



274 Book-JSFotices. [April, 

The Isles of Shoals. An Historical Sketch. By John Scribner Jenness. 
Second Edition, Enlarged and Revised. New-York : Published by Hurd 
and Houghton. Cambridge: The Riverside Press. 1875. [12mo. 
pp. 214.] 

The first edition of this work appeared in 1873 and the second in 1875, two years 
after. The first edition was noticed in the Register, vol. xxix. pp. 213. A second 
edition following so soon after the first is proof enough of its worth and popularity. 
The text has now been revised and corrected, 32 pages have been added to it, 
and it has been issued in the same attractive style. It is now so complete that 
hardly anything further can be desired. 

Only two writers have preceded Mr. Jenness in this field of historical inquiry. 
About the year 1800, the Rev. Jedediah Morse, D.D., the geographer and historian, 
wrote " A Description and Historical Account of the Isles of Shoals," which was 
printed in the seventh volume of the Massachusetts Historical Collections. This 
seemed so complete that for more than seventy years no one ventured to look further 
into their history. In 1870, Charles W. Tuttle, Esq., of this city, having discovered 
an original document of great value, emanating from the Shoals in 1653, prepared a 
brief historical sketch of these islands previous to that date. This sketch showed that 
there was much early information preserved concerning the Shoals which Dr. 
Morse had not touched on. Among other things, Mr. Tuttle broached an entirely 
new theory of the origin of their name, supposing them so named from their number, 
rather than from the depth of water there. The sketch and the document above 
referred to were printed in the Register for April, 1871. They attracted much 
attention at the time and revived an interest in the history of the Isles. Mr. Jenness 
has copied largely from this article. 

The two sketches being printed in the collections of historical societies were not 
easily accessible to the public, and an increasing interest in the history of these isles 
demanded a popular account of them. The author has succeeded in supplying this 
want. His style is clear and vigorous, and he makes the dullest historical facts 
interesting by picturesque grouping. He has brought out too many new matters to 
be noticed